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  • 1.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Mazé, Ramia
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Who cares about those who care?: Design and technologies of power in Swedish elder care2019In: Proceedings of the Nordic Design Research Conference, 2019, Vol. 8, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design is increasingly recognized as an instrument of power. We explore power in the context of the Swedish welfare state and care institutions, which are undergoing political and structural reconfiguration as new technologies are introduced. Our aim is to better understand the effects of designed technologies within care institution and over care workers. Through our research, we have identified deviances, or gaps, between institutional policies and daily working practices, in which workers must cope within a grey zone of legality. Against this backdrop, we bring together and discuss concepts from philosopher Michel Foucault and sociologist Dorothy Smith in order to frame issues of power relevant to design. We elaborate upon these issues through a discussion of our project set in Swedish elder care institutions. Three 'research through (critical) design' examples illustrate ways and extents to which power is exerted over care workers. We discuss effects upon their subjectivity, including how their knowledge and agency can risk being ignored or overruled. Ultimately, we argue for design research to examine and articulate the (powerful) role of design in such contexts. We see this as a form of 'De-Scription' and active 'mapping' that can open up for wider debate and reconfigurations of power.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    Aalto University, Esbo, Finland.
    Mazé, Ramia
    Aalto University, Esbo, Finland.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Materializing “Ruling Relations”: A Case of Gender, Power and Elder Care in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reflects upon our critical (feminist) design research approach developed in response to the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (Vinnova)’s innovation program on equality. As a pilot of the program, the subject of our research is equality within elder care work, a female-dominated employment sector with particular gender and power dynamics. We have responded to this program and sector by rethinking our research methodologies and critical design research method. Inspired by institutional ethnography and the concept of ‘ruling relations’, our research approach involves critical design to materialize structural inequalities manifested within the everyday micro-practices of care work. Stories and sketches (as ‘material theses’) were generated through qualitative fieldwork involving ‘research through design’ processes to observe, document, explore, interpret, discuss and communicate gendered practices of elder care. Three themes emerged along the way, which articulate ruling relations revealed within elder care work. This research case is reported here along with reflections about the potentials of critical design as a (feminist) research approach capable of more critically interrogating power and positionality within design and innovation. From our perspective, equality as a policy and subject of research – including design research – calls for critical (and feminist) theoretical and methodological development. 

  • 3.
    Börjesson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Ilstedt, Sara
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Visualizing Gender – Norm-critical Design and Innovation2016In: Research Handbook on Gender and Innovation / [ed] Gry Agnete Alsos, Ulla Hytti and Elisabet Ljunggren, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 252-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth. It is generally assumed to be gender neutral when, in fact, the gendered construction of innovation has been traditionally masculine. This Handbook explores the nexus between innovation and gender by providing a wide range of studies from different analytical and methodological perspectives and from various regional and industry contexts and draws implications for a gender-inclusive innovation policy. The multidisciplinary group of contributors discuss topics such as gender and innovation in new and small businesses, and growth businesses; addressing innovation in different organizational contexts ranging from public sector health care to mining and forestry; researching gender in innovation policy and in design and materiality.This Handbook will be useful to researchers looking to understand parallels between research on gender and innovation on one hand, and research on gender and entrepreneurship or management on the other. It will also be invaluable to students looking for an overview of research in both areas.

  • 4.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Education and Career Choices: How the School Can Support Young People to Develop Knowledge and Decision-making Skills2018In: Universal Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 2332-3205, E-ISSN 2332-3213, Vol. 6, no 9, p. 1900-1908Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is characterized by rapid changes in the labor market, increased flow of information, and more opportunities to make choices in relation to education and career. Previous research has demonstrated how many young people in school don't think they get the support they need to make such choices. The overall aim of this article is to contribute to more in-depth knowledge of what kind of support and knowledge young adults describe as important in order to be able to make informed choices. This knowledge might help school to better support young people in acquiring the knowledge, skills, and attitudes in relation to their education and career choices. The article is based on interviews with 25-year-old men and women. 23 interviews were conducted. In sum, the analysis indicates that guidance activities that aims to contribute to knowledge about the labor market, programs and courses and requirements for different education programs would probably be perceived as more fruitful by the young adults if they are organized in a combination of different levels, i.e. both as group activities (exhibitions, general information/discussion) and individual activities (personal information/discussion). Further, the authors demonstrate that roles and expectations between pupils, teachers and guidance counselors should be discussed and clarified.

  • 5.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Strategier för höjd utbildningsnivå: Slutrapport från en studie i Falkenbergs kommun2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka och förstå den bristande utbildningsbenägenheten i Falkenbergs kommun utifrån de ungas perspektiv. Studiens frågeställningar är:

    – Hur definierar unga ett ”framgångsrikt” liv och vilka vägar har de för att nå dit?

    – Vad har unga för attityd till högre utbildning?

    – Vilken betydelse har omgivningen (hem, skola, arbetsmarknad) för de ungas utbildnings- och framtidsval?

    För att fånga studiens syfte så allsidigt som möjlig valdes ett upplägg med fyra delstudier där ett flertal olika aktörer fick möjlighet komma till tals, så som unga, skolpersonal, arbetsförmedlare och företrädare för arbetslivet. Den första delstudien består av en enkätstudie bland unga i tre åldersgrupper; grundskoleelever i årskurs nio, gymnasieelever i avgångsklasserna på tredje året och 25-åringar. I den andra delstudien fördjupas resultaten från enkätstudierna bland unga genom intervjuer med ett flertal 25-åringar med anknytning till Falkenbergs kommun. Den tredje delstudien består av intervjuer med föräldrar tillsammans med sina barn samt med lärare och studie- och yrkesvägledare. Den fjärde delstudien består av en enkätstudie bland företrädare från det privata och kommunala näringslivet i Falkenbergs kommun samt intervjuer med arbetsförmedlare.

    Resultatet av studien visar att den dominerande synen på högre utbildning i Falkenberg är att det är ett medel för att få ett arbete, även om det också i viss utsträckning framkommer perspektiv på högre utbildning som något som leder till personlig utveckling och mer kunskap. Det senare perspektivet står främst de unga som studerar eller har studerat på högskola eller universitet för. Den sammantagna bilden som ges av de unga, lärare, studie- och yrkesvägledare, arbetsförmedlare och näringslivet, är att Falkenberg är en kommun där högre utbildning inte värderas så högt och att Falkenberg inte är en kommun där högre utbildning är särskilt betydelsefullt. Högre utbildning ses inte av unga i Falkenberg som så betydelsefullt för att skapa sig vad man själv anser vara ett bra och framgångsrikt liv. De unga värderar främst fritid, vänner och trygghet i form av till exempel arbete med stabil inkomst för ett gott liv. Detta förefaller vara möjligt att uppnå utan högre utbildning för dem som bor i Falkenberg. Särskilt gäller detta för männen, vilka prioriterar att bygga upp ett kontaktnät för att erhålla ett arbete i Falkenberg. Denna strategi är gångbar då den del av näringslivet som inte värderar högre utbildning bland sin personal tenderar att rekrytera män i sitt eget kontaktnät. Kvinnor däremot ser i högre utsträckning vikten av att vidareutbilda sig, men har då svårt att se möjlighet till karriär i Falkenberg.

    Studien visar, liksom tidigare forskning, att socioekonomiska faktorer och kön påverkar motivation och benägenheten att studera vidare på högskola eller universitet. De unga som har föräldrar som har högre utbildning är mer benägna att själva studera på högskola eller universitet och flickor/kvinnor studerar i högre utsträckning på högskola eller universitet än pojkar/män. Utöver dessa faktorer har anknytning till Falkenberg en betydelse för de ungas motivation och utbildningsval. Har man minst en förälder som är född utanför Falkenberg ökar motivationen att studera vidare. De som är motiverade till högre studier vill i stor utsträckning flytta från Falkenberg och de (25-åringar) som har flyttat från Falkenberg har högre utbildningsnivå än de som bor i Falkenberg.

    Studien visar att unga som är engagerade i sina studier i grund- och gymnasieskolan ofta också uppger att de är motiverade till högre studier. De sammantagna resultaten synliggör att stödet från vuxna, speciellt föräldrar och lärare, i de ungas studier har avgörande betydelse för deras engagemang i studierna. Föräldrar med högre utbildning stöttar oftare sina barn i deras skolarbete än föräldrar utan sådan utbildning. Om föräldrarna inte har tillräckliga kunskaper för att stötta sina barn blir stödet från vuxna i skolan avgörande för deras studiemotivation. Resultaten visar att flickor inte är lika beroende av stödet i hemmet eftersom de i högre utsträckning än pojkarna svarar att de får stöd av lärare. Det framgår att lärarna känner till att flickorna få mer stöd men upplever en avsaknad av strategier för stötta pojkar att bli mer engagerade i sina studier.

    Studien visar att en övervägande majoritet av grundskole- och gymnasieeleverna är osäkra på sitt val av framtida utbildning och yrke. Valet att studera på högskola eller universitet görs många gånger redan vid valet av gymnasieprogram, även om det i vissa fall har gjorts senare. Många unga uttrycker en påtaglig avsaknad av stöd från omgivningen, i synnerhet från vuxna i skolan, när det gäller val av yrke och utbildning. Lärarna och studie- och yrkesvägledarna beskriver hur de bör vara aktiva i förhållande till att få eleverna att tänka på framtiden samtidigt som de anser att de ska vara passiva i förhållande till att påverka och styra eleverna, exempelvis till att gå vidare till högre studier. Lärarna uppger att frågor som rör framtidsval berörs utanför ordinarie undervisning eftersom de inte anser att de har stöd i det styrande regelverket för att ta upp frågan om framtiden (inkluderat högre studier) inom ramen för undervisningen. De beskriver att det saknas strategier kring att belysa frågor som rör arbetsliv och högre studier. Samtidigt framhåller studie- och yrkesvägledarna att de saknar strategier för att möta dagens unga som de beskriver som okunniga om arbetsliv och utbildning och därmed allt för omogna för att göra några framtidsval. Sammanfattningsvis åläggs de unga ett stort eget ansvar för sina utbildnings- och framtidsval parallellt med att vuxenvärlden saknar strategier för att öka unga kunskaper om deras framtida möjligheter och abdikerar på grund av sin rädsla för att påverka.

  • 6.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Young people, higher education and choice: The lack of support from guidance counsellors and teachers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a changing and complex world, young people are expected to make decisions and choices regarding their education and future. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how guidance counsellors and teachers view their role in supporting students in these choices, and how young people regard the support they receive and have received during their years in school. The empirical data used in this paper is part of a larger study conducted in a municipality in Sweden. Interviews with teachers, guidance counsellors and young adults who live in or grew up in the municipality are presented and analysed in the paper. The empirical data also consists of surveys with students in their ninth year as well as students in their last year at school. The analysis is based on Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of field, capital and habitus. The analysis shows that there are differences in how the professionals and the young people view the support regarding education and the future. Young people feel that they have received little support from the school and want more guidance/help from teachers and guidance counsellors regarding their educational choices and their future. From the professionals’ side, there is an explicit fear of influencing the young and therefore they take a more passive approach. How to understand this fear and its consequences from a gender and class perspective is discussed in the conclusion of the paper.

  • 7.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Flerspråkig hemtjänst: En studie av behovet av flerspråkig hemtjänst2012Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Trygg om natten: En studie av kunders, anhörigas och personals perspektiv på införandet av ny teknik inom nattpatrullens arbete2011Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Lundström, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Technology and trust: Social and technical innovation in elderly care2013In: Abstracts EGI2013, 2013, p. 17-18Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A demographic change is occurring in many areas of the world. The elderly population share has been increasing for the last decades and estimations predict that this group will be large in proportion to the number of economically active younger people. This change will bring exponentially increasing costs of health care. Technical developments could be one way to meet these new challenges. In a recent study called “Safe at night” the aim was to investigate whether a technical solution based can be used to supplement the home care work, with focus on the nightly visits of the elderly. The study raises questions regarding technical issues as well as actors (users, relatives and staffs) perspective on the methods. Researchers from both social and technical disciplines were involved in the study. In this paper, we highlight the importance of scientists from different disciplines participating in the study, as well as municipalities and industry. We show in particular the knowledge gained from a technical perspective and from a social science perspective and how and why these perspectives together constitute the necessary components to create innovation regarding elderly care and issues related to technology and trust.

  • 10. Fürst Hörte, Gunilla
    et al.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Jämställdhetssatsningar: I korsningen mellan genusteori och förändringsarbete2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I vilken utsträckning och på vilket sätt har praktiskt jämställdhetsarbete stöd av genusforskning? Vilka kunskapsbehov behöver fyllas för att stimulera och stärka jämställdhetssatsningar i arbetslivet? Det är huvudfrågorna i denna rapport där jämställdhetsarbete inom Europeiska socialfondens Equalprogram har studerats.  

  • 11.
    Högdin, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Eriksson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Strategies to strengthen outlook of life among young people: A case study in a Swedish municipality2016In: SWSD 2016: Joint World Conference on Social Work, Education and Social Development 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a continuous increase in mental health problems, such as stress symptoms, among young people in the Nordic countries. One source of stress concerns young people’s outlook of life in general, and more specific the choice of education and future carrier. Previous studies show that high education has positive impact on a person’s health, but also on regional development. The research project is based on a case study in a Swedish municipality with low educational level. The aim of the study is to explore and understand the low education among the citizens. The study starts in young person’s perspective on their future. Further, how adults in home, school and the neighborhood, influence the young person’s educational and carrier choices. The analyses of the results are based on theories on gender and cultural/social capital. The empirical material consists of surveys and interview studies with young people, teachers and guidance counsellors. The results show that young people often feel unsure of their future chooses and often ask for more support from adults regarding their future education. Several students find it stressful to manage their career choices, particularly if their parents do not have sufficient knowledge to support them in such matters. Teachers and guidance counselors describe a lack of strategies to support and addressing issues of education and future work, but also how they should be passive in relation to influencing the students. In conclusion, the results show the importance, when it comes to social work and social development practices on preventing mental health problems among young people, to develop strategies for working with young person’s educational and carrier choices. In this project some strategies have been identified, on local political and school level, to strengthen outlook of life among young people.

  • 12.
    Högdin, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Eriksson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Young people's educational and career choices: A case study among young people, guidance counsellors and teachers in a Swedish municipality2016In: NERA2016: 9-11 March: Helsinki Finland: NERA 44th Congress: Social Justice, Equality and Solidarity in Education, 2016, p. 89-89Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a changing and complex world, young people are expected to make decisions and choices regarding their education and future careers. At the same time, there is a continuous increase in mental health problems, such as stress symptoms, among young people in the Nordic countries. One source of stress concerns young people’s outlook on life in general, and more specifically their choice of education and career. This paper is based on a research project in a Swedish municipality with a low level of education. The overall aim of the project was to explore and understand the low education among the citizens in the municipality. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how career counsellors and teachers view their role in supporting students when it comes to these choices, and how young people view the support they receive and have received during their years at compulsory and upper secondary school. The empirical material consists of surveys and interview studies with young people, teachers and career counsellors. The analyses of the results are based on Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of field, capital and habitus with a gender perspective from Beverley Skeggs’ theory on gender and capital. The study takes young people’s perspectives of their education and careers as its starting point. It also examines the support they have received from career counsellors and teachers at compulsory and upper secondary school and also from their parents and other significant persons in their home environment. The analyses show that there are differences in how professionals and young people view study and career guidance. Young people often express a feeling of uncertainty when it comes to their future choices and request more guidance from adults regarding possible opportunities. Several students find it stressful to manage their career choices, particularly if their parents do not have sufficient knowledge to support them in such matters. Girls express a feeling of stress in relation to educational choices more often than boys. Teachers and career counsellors describe a lack of strategies when it comes to vocational guidance and how to address issues of education and future work within the current curriculum. They also express a fear of influencing young people and therefore take a more passive approach in these matters. In conclusion, the results show that there is a gap between young people’s requests for guidance from adults at school and teachers’ and career counsellors’ view of their role in these matters. The results highlights the importance of developing strategies for working with educational and career choices at compulsory school as one way of preventing mental health problems among young people.

  • 13.
    Högdin, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Wulff, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Eriksson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Strategier för höjd utbildningsnivå: En studie bland unga i Åstorps kommun2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera tidigare studier visar att utbildningstraditionen i samhället har förändrats. Idag utbildar sig fler på gymnasiet och fler läser vidare på högre utbildningar vilket innebär att utbildningsnivån i vårt samhälle ökat. Utbildningssystemet beskrivs ofta som ett “självreproducerande system”, där benägenhet att välja en viss utbildning i hög grad är beroende av utbildningstradition, framför allt i familjen, men också i samhället runt individen. I Åstorps kommun har en låg utbildningstradition uppmärksammats. Det är inte ovanligt med avhopp från gymnasiet och ett flertal gymnasieelever slutför inte sin gymnasieutbildning inom de avsedda tre åren. När det gäller högre studier vid högskola eller universitet ligger utbildningsnivån i Åstorps kommun lägre än riksgenomsnittet. Med anledning av detta beslutade Åstorps kommun att följa upp gymnasieeleverna genom en studie. Studiens syfte är att tillvara erfarenheter av utbildning bland ungdomar i Åstorps kommun samt öka kunskapen om hur ungdomarna ser på framtida utbildnings- och karriärmöjligheter. Resultaten i studien visar att många ungdomar efterfrågar mer stöd från vuxna i skolan när det kommer till val av utbildning och framtida yrke. 

  • 14.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Att utmana förändringens gränser: En studie om förändringsarbete, partnerskap och kön med Equal-programmet som exempel2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the overall aim is to analyse conceptions of change with the point of departure being texts developed within the framework of three development partnerships financed by the European Social Fund's Equal Programme 2001-2007. The development partnerships, consisting of collaborating parties from both the public and private sector, aimed at developing new methods and ideas in order to counteract discrimination and all kinds of inequality in working life. The thesis poses the following research questions: How are the problems that the development partnerships intended to counteract described? What appears as important to change in order for discrimination in working life to decrease? In what ways are changes aimed at combating discrimination and contributing to increased gender equality and diversity in working life deemed possible? What motives emerge behind the visions of creating a working life without discrimination? How are gender and other social categories constructed and how do these constructions impact on the conceptions of change that emerge? The ideas, perspectives and interests that characterise the understanding of changes in working life in the studied texts, are illustrated with the aid of theories on how society's forms of rule have changed from government to governance and theories on how gender is done. Furthermore, why certain perspectives and ideas emerge and the consequences of them is analysed based on institutional ethnography and concepts such as social relations and ruling relations. The thesis' analysis points to how the consensus-based organisational form of partnership and the politics and principles that are reflected in the Equal Programme together with notions on growth, leadership and gender create limits for the conceptions of change. Limits that in certain respects entail that society's relations of power and inequality, instead of being challenged, are reproduced. Based on the results of the study, the importance is emphasised of continuously taking one's point of departure in identifying and challenging the limits to how one can speak of change, since the dominant conceptions of change may be an expression of the ruling relations.

  • 15.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Design as a tool for norm-critical teaching and learning2016In: 9th European Conference on Gender Equality in Higher Education, 12-14 September, Paris 2016: Book of abstracts, 2016, p. 63-63Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this presentation is to discuss the significance of including norm-critical design concepts in the teaching of gender in social sciences and the humanities. During 2013-2015 the research project “Origo –design as agent for gender-sensitive work for change and innovation” was carried out. The aim of the project was to scientifically test and analyse a new method for working with gender equality in organisations. The method combines gender theory and norm-critical design and is used as a tool to visualise and challenge norms, prejudices and notions concerning women and men. Two different contexts were the subject of Origo – the male-dominated firefighting profession and the area of health technology. Several design concepts related to obstacles for and norms and assumptions about women and men about women and men in these contexts were developed. These design concepts were presented to the organisations but also used in the teaching of gender issues in social sciences and the humanities at Halmstad University, Sweden. Interviews were subsequently conducted with ten students. The interviews focused on how the students interpret the norm-critical design concepts, how they experience this kind of teaching and how the concepts might influence their notions of gender issues and theory. Theories on gender, learning and critical design were then used to interpret the interviews. The analysis shows how the design concepts raise questions of power, needs and gendered experiences. Furthermore, the concepts do this to a greater extent than more conventional ways of conveying knowledge about gender (such as reports, academic texts, statistics and PowerPoint presentations). Physical objects are perceived of as making gender issues more tangible.

  • 16.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Design, Critique and Creativity – Exploring norms and constructions of masculinity in the fire and rescue service2016In: Association for Cultural Studies, Crossroads in Cultural Studies Conference 14-17th December, 2016, 2016, p. 235-235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a study of the Swedish re and rescue service where norm critical design has been used to make constraining (gender) norms visible. The norm critical design concepts problematize notions regarding physical strength, bodies and sexuality within the re and rescue service and question the binary construction of women and men. They are questioning the habitual ways of doing and thinking of gender but at the same time they are norm creative as they involve rethinking and opening up for alternative solutions and ways of to relate to a phenomenon. This paper is just about how research through design interventions can be both critical and creative. 

  • 17.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    (Il)legitima kunskaper?: Genusforskning i möte med praktiskt jämställdhetsarbete2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Missriktat EU-stöd om mångfald i arbetslivet2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under sju år genomfördes i Sverige EU-finansierade projekt för att motverka diskriminering och ojämlikhet på arbetsmarknaden. Men EU:s största mångfaldssatsning någonsin kom i stället att kopplas samman med nyliberala strömningar och marknadsintressen. Det skriver Anna Isaksson som nyligen kommit med en avhandling i ämnet vid Lunds universitet.

  • 19.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Partnerskap, pengar och politik: Om idémässigt handlingsutrymme i EU-projekt2015In: Vinklade budskap – perspektiv på politisk kommunikation / [ed] Hans Bengtsson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press , 2015, p. 201-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU:s så kallade strukturfonder finansierar projekt som syftar till att bekämpa arbetslöshet och till att förbättra EU-medborgarnas kompetens och chanser till arbete. Strukturfonderna ska bidra till ökad sysselsättning och att Europas arbetskraft och företag rustas till att möta nya globala utmaningar (Brulin och Jansson 2009). Den Europeiska socialfonden är en av strukturfonderna som har som särskilt mål att stärka den sociala och ekonomiska sammanhållningen i EU:s medlemsländer. Att främja kompetensutveckling och integrering på arbetsmarknaden av arbetslösa och utsatta grupper samt motverka utanförskap och diskriminering är några av socialfondens honnörsord.

    I Sverige förvaltas och administreras den Europeiska socialfonden av Svenska ESF-rådet som är en myndighet som arbetar på uppdrag av bland annat Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet. Ett av programmen som det Svenska ESF-rådet ansvarat för var Equal-programmet som pågick under 2001–2007. Genom Equal-programmet finansierades 76 så kallade utvecklingspartnerskap i Sverige. Dessa syftade till att utveckla idéer, metoder och modeller för att motverka all slags diskriminering i arbetslivet. I det här kapitlet är syftet att lyfta fram de politiska budskap och idéer som några av utvecklingspartnerskapen kom att sprida och att diskutera vilket idémässigt handlingsutrymme dessa utvecklingspartnerskap egentligen hade när det gällde att ta fram och sprida metoder och modeller.

  • 20.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Jämställdhet är ett mål i sig2013In: Dagens ArenaArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns skäl till att vara kritisk när jämställdheten som mål marginaliseras och i stället används som argument för att öka tillväxten. Det skriver Emma Börjesson och Anna Isaksson vid Högskolan i Halmstad.

  • 21.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Andersson, Camilla
    Aalto University, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Att vara (norm)kritisk i samverkansprojekt2018In: Samverkansformer: Nya vägar för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Martin Berg, Vaike Fors & Robert Willim, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 153-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Att synliggöra det osynliga: Design som aktör i jämställdhetsarbete2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 28-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research points to the need for developing methods for to change established gender orders and converting gender perspectives into practical action. Based on a gender equality project at the Centre for Health Technology Halland (HCH), this article discusses the potential of critical design as an agent within the framework of gender equality work and work for change. The project worked with critical design as a tool for making visible what a gender perspective can mean in the context of one’s work, in this case health technology. It resulted in a conceptual prototype called the Androchair – a medical chair designed for men but based on women’s experiences of the gynaecological chair. The aim of the article is to study and discuss the significance of including a prototype, that is an object, in the gender equality work of an organisation. Special focus is placed on whether, and in that case how, a prototype can influence notions of gender and gender equality in relation to one’s own area of work. The empirical data consists of qualitative interviews with staff at the HCH. Actor-network theory is used to interpret the data. The analysis shows how the Androchair raises questions of power, needs and interpretative prerogative in relation to what one does in one’s work. Furthermore, it does this to a greater extent than more conventional ways of conveying knowledge about gender equality (such as academic texts, statistics and Power Point presentations). Physical objects are perceived of as making gender and gender equality issues more tangible.

  • 23.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Gunn, Maja
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Camilla
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Norm Critical Design and Ethnography: Possibilities, Objectives and Stakeholders2017In: Sociological research online, ISSN 1360-7804, E-ISSN 1360-7804, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 232-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe the potential of combining norm critical design and ethnography in a collaborative project seeking to promote social change. In doing so the article will contribute with new perspectives on how design and ethnography can be practised in a joint effort between researchers and organisations. The article examines the following research questions: How can norm critical design and ethnography be used in a collaborative project seeking to promote change towards gender equality in an organisation? What distinguishes a norm critical design approach from other approaches using design and ethnography for intervention and social change? By taking their point of departure in a collaborative project with the Swedish fire and rescue service the authors demonstrate how a norm critical perspective on design in combination with ethnography provides a pedagogical tool for different stakeholders seeking to promote change in organisations. Even though a norm critical design approach like this shares the same interest in social change as more conventional ethnography and design projects do, there are some crucial and interesting differences when it comes to objectives and the collection of stakeholders that will be explored in this article. © The Author(s) 2017

  • 24.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Eriksson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The consequences of individualization for boys in the Swedish school system2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this presentation/working paper is to contribute to the knowledge about why young men generally are less likely to study at the university than young women. Previous studies and reports have pointed out a number of explanations for that. Young men’s reluctance to go on to higher education, as well as boys’ relatively low grades in primary and secondary schools, has been explained with reference to gender theoretical arguments about constraining constructions of masculinity. Several gender-oriented studies show that it is not considered compatible with certain types of masculinity constructions to make an e ort in school and show an interest in further studies. A term used to explain the boys’ poor performance in school and lack of interest in higher studies is antiplugg kultur (cf. eg Nordberg 2008 SOU 2009: 64). is presentation/working paper aims to challenge these explanations and expand the understanding of why young men tend to not to see higher education as an option. e empirical data consists of extensive quanti- tative and qualitative studies in a western Swedish municipality during 2011-2014. e point of departure is primarily in the young men’s own stories about teaching in primary and secondary school and their perceptions of their interactions with teachers, study and career counsellors and others. e interplay between and consequences of contemporary constructions of masculinity (Connell, 1995-2003), and the individualisation of society (Giddens 1991; Beck 1992), which is reflected in the teachers and study and career counsellors practitioners, are the main theoretical elements to interpret the empirical material.

  • 25.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Fürst Hörte, Gunilla
    Premisser för spridning och påverkan: Erfarenheter från jämställdhetsarbete i utvecklingspartnerskap2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I NTG Jämställdhet ARGUS rapport Premisser för spridning och påverkan - Erfarenheter från jämställdhetsarbete i utvecklingspartnerskap, har fyra utvecklingspartnerskap inom EU:s Equalprogram analyserats. Analysens fokus ligger på projektens spridningsuppdrag. I rapporten lyfts ett antal slutsatser fram som ska underlätta projektens spridning av resultat och erfarenheter.

  • 26.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Att integrera jämställdhetsperspektiv i en utbildning: G-CoRe som ett pedagogiskt verktyg i högre utbildning2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier och utredningar visar att lärare ofta upplever det utmanade att jämställdhetsintegrera utbildningars innehåll. Detta återspeglas exempelvis i att perspektivet inte kommer till uttryck i utbildningsplaner och kursplaner eller är otydligt formulerat. Samtidigt är kraven på jämställdhetsintegrering högt ställda i såväl Högskolelagen som i Universitetskanslersämbetets (UKÄ) kvalitetsgranskningar och i lärosätenas egna kvalitetssystem. Här framgår det på olika sätt att jämställdhet ska beaktas och integreras i utbildningarnas innehåll, genomförande och utformning. Men vad innebär det att integrera ett jämställdhetsperspektiv i utbildningars innehåll? Idag finns få metoder som stödjer lärare i detta arbete och behovet av vetenskapligt grundade verktyg är därmed stort. Inom den ämnesdidaktiska forskningen har ett didaktiskt reflektionsverktyg kallat Content Representations (CoRe) utvecklats för att stödja lärare i att planera ett ämnesinnehåll på ett sätt som främjar studenternas lärande. Forskning visar att en CoRe är ett framgångsrikt verktyg för lärare att utveckla sin förmåga att kommunicera ett ämnesinnehåll på ett sätt som skapar goda lärsituationer. I en CoRe får läraren formulera ett antal Big Ideas, viktiga fenomen eller begrepp, inom ett specifikt ämnesområde. Var och en av dessa Big Ideas reflekteras utifrån ett antal frågor, t.ex. vadstudenterna måste lära och varför,samt studenters eventuella svårigheter med att förstå begreppen. Med utgångspunkt i ämnesdidaktisk forskning har vi utvecklat G-CoRe (Gender CoRe) där lärare formulerar Big Ideas och reflekterar över på vilka sätt det kan vara möjligt att jämställdhetsintegrera innehållet. På så sätt blir en G-CoRe ett stöd för lärare att strukturera och reflektera över hur jämställdhet integreras i utbildningens innehåll.

  • 27.
    Norell Pejner, Margaretha
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lundström, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ourique de Morais, Wagner
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Laurell, Hélène
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Smart medication organizer – one way to promote self-management and safety in drug administration in elderly people2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Sparre, Madeleine
    et al.
    Oxford Research, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Johansson, Emilia
    Oxford Research, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Hansson, Agneta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Stridh, Kicki
    Brohuset FoU, Ljungbyhed, Sverige.
    Forskningsöversikt: Likabehandling i arbetslivet2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I jämförelse med forskning om existerande villkor i arbetslivet finns i Sverige relativt lite forskning om praktisk förändring av normer och strukturer i arbetslivet. En mängd forskning fokuserar på olika former av ojämlika förhållanden, såsom förekomsten av diskriminering eller segregering på arbetsmarknaden. Den forskning som riktar in sig på förändring behandlar i regel en diskrimineringsgrund i taget. Färre forskare har behandlat förändring ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Däremot har det framhållits att ytterligare forskning av den typen behövs.

    Denna rapport är framställd av Oxford Research i samarbete med forskare vid Högskolan i Halmstad. Arbetet har genomförts på uppdrag av Tema Likabehandling. Uppdraget att framställa denna forskningsöversikt angav att den skulle behandla ansatser som bidrar till reell förändring för att nå ett arbetsliv där likabehandling är norm. Därför ligger fokus inte i första hand på individuella förutsättningar utan på förändringsarbete för att öka likabehandling utifrån ett institutionellt perspektiv. Rapporten riktar in sig på metoder, ansatser och faktorer som främjar förändringsarbete inom de områden som Tema Likabehandling arbetar med; likabehandling, jämställdhetsintegrering, tillgänglighet för personer med funktionsnedsättning och motverkan av diskriminering utifrån samtliga diskrimineringsgrunder. Förutom databassökningar har material inhämtats genom kontakter med forskare.

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