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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Filip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Björklin, Jimmy
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Hur muskelaktiveringen påverkas vid en inåtrotation i axelleden med och utan Activation Grip.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Även om kaströrelsen i detalj skiljer sig mellan olika idrotter så är den biomekaniska funktionen i grunden densamma. Inom alla kastrelaterade idrotter återkommer den så kallade accelerationsfasen, här har det visat sig att inåtrotationen i axelleden har en hög korrelation med bollhastighet i kaströrelsen. Axelledens inåtrotatorer har alltså en viktig funktion för ett effektivt kast. En funktionell uppvärmning av dessa strukturer optimerar prestationsförmågan och minskar skaderisken. Kan träningsredskapet Activation Grip (AG) effektivisera uppvärmningen av den övre extremiteten hos kastidrottare?

    Syfte: Att undersöka och jämföra hur muskelaktiviteten i m. pectoralis major (PM), m. deltoideus anterior (DA), m. flexor carpi raidalis (FCR) och m. extensor digitoris communis (EDC) påverkas vid inåtrotation i axelleden med och utan träningsredskapet AG. Studien syftar även till att utvärdera AG som produkt.

    Metod: Muskelaktiviteten i PM, DA, FCR och EDC registrerades med hjälp av elektromyografi (sEMG) hos 18 aktiva idrottare inom överarmskastrelaterade idrotter (ålder 23,7 ± 5,7) vid inåtrotation i axelleden med maximal hastighet, jämfört med samma rörelse med AG och 30% belastning.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade på en signifikant högre muskelaktivering (p < 0.05) i DA, FCR, EDC under inåtrotationen med maximal hastighet. Hos PM sågs ingen signifikant skillnad i muskelaktivitet. AG fick över lag positiv respons från testdeltagarna. 

    Konklusion: Med resultatet i beaktande så skulle AG kunna kombineras tillsammans med andra uppvärmningsövningar för att få specifik aktivering i önskad muskulatur. Vidare studier gällande rörelse, motstånd och hastighet för att effektivisera användningen av AG bör göras. Även om AG fick positiv respons så bör produkten utvecklas ytterligare.

  • 2.
    Adler, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Missner, Mario
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Dömd till livstids lärande: Lärande och kompetensutveckling inom företagshälsovården2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är ständig utveckling och förnyelse viktiga överlevnadsvillkor för företag inte minst inom branschen företagshälsovård. Konkurrensen ökar och företagen måste ständigt se till att ligga i framkant och det har allt oftare konstaterats att den viktigaste tillgången är att utveckla de anställdas kompetens. Syftet med studien är att studera personals uppfattningar kring kompetensutvecklingen inom företagshälsans olika yrkesgrupper samt att genom den identifiera hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. För att få svar på syftet har vi använt oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Sammanlagt genomfördes sex intervjuer där fem olika yrkesgrupper representerades och företagets Vd. Studien har en fenemenografisk ansats som medför dataanalysmetod som består av sju steg. Eftersom vi var ute efter variationer av yrkesgruppernas olika uppfattningar var den fenemenografiska ansatsen mest optimal.

    I resultatet framkommer det ett flertal uppfattningar kring kompetensutveckling, lärandestrategier och hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. Vidare finns det gemensamma uppfattningar om att yrkesgrupperna har ett stort handlingsutrymme och att det är nödvändigt för att arbetet ska fungera. En av studiens slutsatser är att tid för reflektion är viktigt för gynnsamma förhållanden. Genom att få mer tid att kunna reflektera över det som har skett tror vi medför ett mer kreativt tänkande och en utveckling av kompetens. En annan intressant slutsats som framkom är att varje yrkesgrupp är i behov av den konsultativa kompetensen och att den aldrig är färdigutvecklad.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Daunfeldt, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg Pulli, Sarah
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är en självklarhet för oss att hänga med i framtidens utveckling": - En kvalitativ studie om ledares uppfattningar av krav, resurser och lärande i en organisatorisk digital förändringsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As digitalization increases in speed and we become more digital, changes are brought upon every part of society, not least our workplaces. While these changes often create efficiency in organizations, they also come with high demands on individual learning and well-being. Leaders play a central role in change processes, thus improvingleadership is of utmost importance. The purpose of this study was to examine leaders’perception of job demands, resources and learning in an organizational digital change process and contribute to the body of research with understanding of what creates success and health promotion in such change processes. To examine and answer the research questions, eight semi-structured interviews were held with leaders from the care office of the municipality. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis. The results from this study show that theleaders’ positive attitude towards digitalization induce wellbeing and that individualmotivation drivers are important resources to support healthiness. The study also finds that the most prominent demand that leaders experience in the digitalization process is to be a good role model. Further, the results show that occasions for education and reflection regarding digitalization are main drivers to promote leaders’ learning.Success is created from having a positive attitude, individual motivation drivers, a supportive learning environment for formal learning, and opportunities for informal learning. For an organizational digital change process to be health promotional, motivation and support are important factors as they create opportunities for improvement of well-being and learning at the workplace.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Successful Dying? Older Adults Reflection on Finitude of Life and Strategies to Cope with Ageing2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I have followed a group of older adults (the oldest born 1925 and the youngest 1946) through a total of 6 focus group events to highlight how older people relate to their own aging in aspects of temporality and the finitude of life. In total, 5 women and 9 men attended the focus groups. Themes for the focus groups have been: “Popular and public beliefs about aging”, “Older, Senior, Old”, “Breakpoints in Life”, “My Aging”, “Recap”. Finitude proved to be something that all informants reflected on virtually daily and in several dimensions. The informants also expressed the feeling that there were aspects of, in particular, the bodily aging, which they felt were beyond their control. Here the statements follow the same reasoning as has been shown in previous studies on the aging body as divided into an interior body and an exterior body. The lack of control was combined with strategies to take control over their future ageing. Self-governing strategies such as exercising and being active physically as well as cognitive was used to increase the number of healthy years. Other ways of taking control were about future written instructions to healthcare professionals and related people about how to be cared for in the final stages of life and the drastic alternative of euthanasia. The chosen strategies, and the will to take control over ageing as well as dying made the boundaries of successful ageing expand to also include strategies for successful dying.

  • 5. Arvidsson, Julia
    Difference in Jump Height and Jump Length in Youth Soccer Players Selected or Not Selected for the National Team2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With the aim of professional status and sporting success, selection processes and talent identification in youth players are common in football clubs and national teams. Football requiring different types of abilities, standing out in certain abilities can be important in the selection process for national teams. Physical abilities including maximal power can differ between players in the same age group due to growth and maturation and might therefore be important factors in the selection process. Previous studies have mentioned maximal power as one of many performance indicators for football performance. However, few studies have investigated its importance regarding youth players selected or not selected for the national team. Aim: The study was designed to measure and compare jump height and jump length in three different jump tests between youth soccer players selected or not selected for the national team. Methods: Twenty-two (n=22) players, eleven national players and eleven non-national players performed three different jump tests. The players were 17±2 years old from the club Halmstads BK, Halmstad. The study was an observational crosssectional study that was designed to measure and compare jump height and jump length in three different jump tests between youth soccer players selected or not selected for the national team. The jump tests that were used in the present study was Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Abalakov Jump (AJ) and Standing Long Jump (SLJ). Mean scores for the tests in both groups were analyzed and compared and the criterion level for significance was set to p ≤ 0.05. Results: The results showed a significant difference between the groups regarding jump height in CMJ (p=0.013) and in AJ (p=0.010). No significant difference was found regarding jump length in SLJ (p=0.084). Conclusion: The findings of this study showed a significant difference in Countermovement Jump (CMJ) and Abalakov Jump (AJ) between national players (NP) and non-national players (NNP). The study found no significant difference between the groups in Standing Long Jump (SLJ). The results indicate the use of maximal power as a performance indicator and part of the selection of players to national teams. Anthropometric data (age, weight and height) was similar between the groups, therefore, other maturation and growth factors together with biological age are aspects that might have influenced the results. Future studies are suggested to investigate maturation status and its importance for maximal power in national players and non-national players. 

  • 6.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Gilljam, Britt-Mari
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing. Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Ruland, Cornelia Maria
    The Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (CSDM), Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway & University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Nordby-Bøe, Trude
    The Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (CSDM), Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Redesign and Validation of Sisom, an Interactive Assessment and Communication Tool for Children With Cancer2016In: JMIR mhealth and uhealth, E-ISSN 2291-5222, Vol. 4, no 2, article id e76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Children with cancer undergo intensive and long treatment periods that expose them and their families to a number of difficult physical, mental, and social challenges. Empowering children by actively involving them in their care can help them to cope with these challenges. It can, however, be difficult for children to be involved and talk about their illness experiences in a "traditional" conversation with health care professionals, especially for younger children. Sisom (Norwegian acronym "Si det som det er" or "Tell it how it is") is an interactive computer-based assessment and communication tool to give children (aged 6-12 years) with cancer a "voice" in their care. Because of technological advances and widespread use of mobile devices Sisom had to be redesigned to better meet the needs of children of today.

    OBJECTIVE: To redesign Sisom for use on mobile devices and to validate and adapt it for use in a Swedish population of children with cancer.

    METHODS: A user-experience design was used. Content adaptation included forward-backward translation by Swedish and Norwegian translators. Healthy children (n=5), children with experiences of cancer treatment (n=5) and their parents (n=5), and pediatric nurses (n=2) were then involved in culturally adapting Sisom to the Swedish context. The iterative low- and high-fidelity evaluation was supported by a think aloud method, semistructured interviews, and drawings to capture children's views of Sisom. The redesign and evaluation continued until no further changes or improvements were identified by the participants or the researchers.

    RESULTS: Children, parents, and pediatric nurses offered many suggestions for improvements to the original version in terms of content, aesthetics, and usability of Sisom. The most significant change that emerged through user input was a modification that entailed not using problem-focused statements in the assessment items. The parents and pediatric nurses considered the revised assessment items to be general and less diagnosis specific. The evaluation of aesthetics resulted in brighter colors and more positive and exciting details in the animations. The evaluation of usability included improvements of the verbal instructions on how to navigate in Sisom 2, and also that the answers to assessmentitems in Sisom 2 should be saved to provide the children with the option to pause and to continue answering the remaining assessment items at a later stage.

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this paper describes the process of using user-experience design with children in order to redesign and validate an interactive assessment and communication tool and how the outcomes of this process resulted in a new version, Sisom 2. All participants confirmed the usability and qualities of using the final version. Future research should be directed toward the implementation of Sisom 2 in clinical practice and to evaluate outcomes from individual and organizational levels.

  • 7.
    Backman, Ellen
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Ätutveckling hos barn – en gemensam utmaning för barn och dess vårdnadshavare2016In: Små & stora nyheter, ISSN 1400-4186, no maj, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sverige.
    Eberhart, Barbara
    Västerbottens läns landsting, Umeå, Sverige.
    Gustafsson, Carin
    Region Skåne, Malmö, Sverige.
    Häggström Qvist, Camilla
    Västra Götalandsregionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lindberger, Lena
    Stockholms läns landsting, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nolemo, Maria
    Landstinget Västmanland, Västerås, Sverige.
    Nylander, Eva-Marie
    Västra Götalandsregionen, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Ragnar, Catarina
    Region Kronoberg, Växjö, Sverige.
    Metoder för att stimulera språk och kommunikation hos barn, ungdomar och vuxna inom habiliteringen2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Språkliga och kommunikativa begränsningar är vanligt förekommande vid ett flertal av de diagnoser och tillstånd som återfinns hos personer inom habiliteringsverksamheter i Sverige och förutsätter en tvärprofessionell och långvarig insats. Syftet med föreliggande arbete är att systematiskt beskriva bästa tillgängliga evidens avseende interventioner fokuserade på språklig och kommunikativ förmåga för personer med medfödda funktionsnedsättningar från sex års ålder och uppåt inom habiliteringsverksamhet. Arbetet kan ses som en fortsättning på EBH-rapporten ”Tidiga kommunikations- och språkinsatser till förskolebarn”.Internationellt publicerade interventionsstudier från de senaste 15 åren med fokus på språkliga och kommunikativa förmågor vid typiskt förekommande diagnoser inom habiliteringsverksamhet granskades och sammanfattades. Initialt inkluderades endast översiktsartiklar och metaanalyser, men då dessa till största delen hade fokus på autism och/eller Alternativ och Kompletterande Kommunikation (AKK) utökades sökningen till att även inkludera ett antal primärstudier med annat fokus. Rapporten omfattar 67 studier.Resultatet visar att ”stark rekommendation att använda” (enligt GRADE) endast förekommer i begränsad utsträckning, och när det förekommer är det vid insatser relaterade till autism och/eller AKK. ”Stark rekommendation att inte använda” finns vid insatser relaterade till akupunktur/akupressur och faciliterad kommunikation. Det kan konstateras att det finns en stor brist på studier avseende vuxna personer respektive intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.Detta arbete tillför ytterligare kunskap till området för evidensbaserade insatser vid svårigheter när det gäller kommunikation och språk, och visar att evidens i strikt bemärkelse är svår att erhålla bland annat beroende på de små och heterogena patientgrupperna och, som en konsekvens av detta, en brist på stora randomiserade studier.

  • 9.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Regional Habilitation Centre, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    CHILD Research group, SIDR, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Ann-Kristin
    Department of Research and Development, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Documentation of everyday life and health carefollowing gastrostomy tube placement in children: a content analysis of medical records.2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Everyday routines play a vital role in child functioning and development. This study explored health professionals’ documentation of everyday life and health care during the first year following gastrostomy tube placement in children and the content of intervention goals. Methods: The medical records of 39 children (median age 38 months, min–max: 15–192) in one region of Sweden were analysed. A content analysis approach was used with an inductive qualitative analysis supplemented by a deductive, quantitative analysis of documented intervention goals following the ICF-CY. Results: One overall theme, “Seeking a balance”, captured the view of life with a gastrostomy and the health care provided. Two categories, “Striving for physical health” and “Depicting everyday life” with seven sub-categories, captured the key aspects of the documentation. Twenty-one children (54%) had intervention goals related to the gastrostomy, and these goals primarily focused on the ICF-CY component “Body functions”. Conclusions: To some extent the medical records reflected different dimensions of everyday life, but the intervention goals clearly focused on bodily aspects. Understanding how health care for children using a gastrostomy is documented and planned by applying an ecocultural framework adds a valuable perspective and can contribute to family-centred interventions for children using a gastrostomy.Implications for Rehabilitation There is a need for increased awareness in healthcare professionals for a more consistent and holistic healthcare approach in the management of children with gastrostomy tube feeding. This study suggests that an expanded focus on children’s participation in everyday mealtimes and in the healthcare follow-up of gastrostomy tube feeding is important in enhancing the intervention outcome. Multidisciplinary teams with a shared bio-psycho-social understanding of health would contribute to a situation in which the everyday lives of households adapt to living with gastrostomy. Routine care for children with gastrostomy should follow a checklist combining crucial physiological aspects of gastrostomy tube feeding with seemingly mundane family functions in order to achieve a successful gastrostomy tube feeding intervention.  © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 10.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Regional Habilitation Center, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Ann-Kristin
    Department of Research and Development, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Sjögreen, Lotta
    Mun-H-Center Orofacial Resource Center for Rare Diseases, Public Dental Service, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gastrostomy tube feeding in children with developmental or acquired disorders: A longitudinal comparison on health care provision, and eating outcomes four years after gastrostomy2018In: Nutrition in clinical practice, ISSN 0884-5336, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 576-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies on long‐term feeding and eating outcomes in children requiring gastrostomy tube feeding (GT) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe children with developmental or acquired disorders receiving GT and to compare longitudinal eating and feeding outcomes. A secondary aim was to explore healthcare provision related to eating and feeding.

    Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records of children in 1 administrative region of Sweden with GT placement between 2005 and 2012. Patient demographics, primary diagnoses, age at GT placement, and professional healthcare contacts prior to and after GT placement were recorded and compared. Feeding and eating outcomes were assessed 4 years after GT placement.

    Results: The medical records of 51 children, 28 boys and 23 girls, were analyzed and grouped according to “acquired” (n = 13) or “developmental” (n = 38) primary diagnoses. At 4 years after GT placement, 67% were still using GT. Only 6 of 37 (16%) children with developmental disorders transferred to eating all orally, as opposed to 10 of 11 (91%) children with acquired disorders. Children with developmental disorders were younger at the time of GT placement and displayed a longer duration of GT activity when compared with children with acquired disorders.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrates a clear difference between children with developmental or acquired disorders in duration of GT activity and age at GT placement. The study further shows that healthcare provided to children with GT is in some cases multidisciplinary, but primarily focuses on feeding rather than eating.

  • 11.
    Birgersson, Rikard
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Eliasson, Eric
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Unilateralt och bilateralt genomförande av bänkpress och dess påverkan på varandra sett till muskelaktivering, effekt, och kraftutveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It has been studied whether strength-exercises performed with two arms (bilateral) leads to better performance when compared to exercises performed with only one arm (unilateral), and it has been shown that both implementations result in similar results after a short training period. At the same time, research shows that mixed results between different implementations in terms of muscle activation and force development exists.

    Objective: The main purpose of this study was to see the effect of unilateral or bilateral warm-up in the bench press and its influence on subsequent unilateral and bilateral performance in the bench press, investigating the factors: muscle activation, power, and force development. A secondary purpose was to relate the results of the study to bilateral index, to see if bilateral deficit or bilateral facilitation dominates.

    Method: Strength-trained men (n = 13, age 25 ± 3 years) warmed up with two different implementations (unilateral or bilateral), and after each individual warm-up they performed three submaximal lifts (40 and 80% of 1RM) in unilateral and bilateral bench press. Muscle activity, power, and force development were measured in muscles pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps brachii, after each individual warm-up during three submaximal lifts (40 and 80% of 1RM) in unilateral and bilateral bench press.

    Results: Significant results were found in unilateral performance in power and force development after unilateral warm-up (184 ± 36 W and 164 ± 31 W; 416 ± 76 N and 412 ± 74 N) compared with bilateral warm-up (p = 0.05). There were no significant differences between the different implementations in bilateral performance. Significant differences were neither found in the muscle activation of any of the implementations. The study also found evidence of a difference between the test participants regarding bilateral deficit and bilateral facilitation in terms of power and force development, where the majority of the test participants had bilateral facilitation.

    Conclusion: Regardless of warm-up, no difference was seen in the strength-trained men regarding muscle activation in the bilateral or unilateral bench press, however, the warm-up  was of importance to performance. Therefore, unilateral warm-up should be applied before unilateral performance, as this showed significant improvement. Although no significant improvement was observed, a bilateral warm-up should also preceed a bilateral performance.

  • 12.
    Blizniuk, Viktoryia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Health literacy among young people in Sweden: Qualitative study of the school-based health education2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The basic components of the health literacy are ability to get access to the health-related informationand understand it. For the young people the most appropriate source of information, including abouthealth, is school. Studies on health education showed that there are some problematic issues in thehealth education in the schools in Sweden which result in non-application of the knowledge by thestudents.Thus, the aim of this study was to explore and analyze school-based health education in Sweden fromthe youth perspective. The purpose of the study was to indicate the best practices of health educationwithin schools in Sweden and reveal the most problematic fields and gaps in it from the point of viewof the youth.Qualitative research was conducted for exploring the research problem. Therefor semi-structuredinterviews were held with young people aged 18-25 having studied in the schools in Sweden. The datawas analyzed within social learning theory with application of thematic analysis methodology. Besides,literature and previous researches review has been conducted as a background study.In the result of this research it was revealed that although young people are satisfied with the resultsof the health classes and show trust to the school as a source of information, some information lacksin the health education, e.g. mental health education. Besides, some issues have been noticed as to theschool environment around health education which can impede application of the health knowledge.

  • 13.
    Bohäll, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Malmström, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Personliga assistenters psykosociala arbetsmiljö: En kvalitativ studie inom offentlig och privat sektor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal assistance is a unique profession to the extent that the assistant comes the client close to life through participation in order to improve the individual's life and living conditions. The work is also unique as it uses the client’s home environment. The purpose of the following essay is to explore personal assistants’ experiences of a psychosocial work environment in order to increase knowledge about risk and health factors in work with people with disabilities. The collection of the empirical material has been done through a qualitative design to capture the respondents' experiences about the psychosocial work environment. The qualitative method which has been used is semi structured interviews with the aim of giving respondents a possibility to express themselves freely about their psychosocial work environment. In total seven interviews have been conducted through a selection from four respondents as in turn entered new people. The interviews have been transcribed to enable an analysis of the collected empiricism. The empiricism shows that personal assistants feel motivation in work when they witness the clients’ development. The empiricism also shows that demands and control especially come from the client’s family and affect the psychosocial work environment a lot. The empiricism at last shows that social support from both colleagues and managers represent a great value for the psychosocial work environment for personal assistants.

    The conclusion of the psychosocial work environment based on the results is a work situation based on high demands, low control and low social support. Although the psychosocial work environment is perceived to be difficult by the assistants they appreciate the possibility to enable a more worthwhile life for the clients. The conclusion is as well that each employer has an important work to do with the psychosocial work environment in order to make the personal assistants work environment better in the future. 

  • 14.
    Boson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Viktor, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "Rummet utan fyra väggar": - en fenomenografisk studie om sex förskollärares uppfattningar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utvecvkling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Idag visar forskning på allt fler stillasittande och inaktiva barn vilket delvis kan bero på samhällets tekniska framfart. För att barn ska ges möjlighet till att utveckla sina motoriska färdigheter visar studier på att förskolan bör erbjuda en utmanande och stimulerande utomhusmiljö men en del forskare menar att förskolors utomhusmiljö kan se väldigt olika ut. Syftet med detta examensarbete har varit att intervjua sex förskollärare om deras uppfattningar angående förskolegårdens möjligheter till att stimulera barns motoriska utveckling. Studien är en fenomenografisk ansats där vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod och där empirin inom studien utgjort grunden för arbetet. Resultatet i vår studie visar på att även om förskolan ligger centralt eller i utkantanten av en storstad eller en småstad har förskollärarna i stort sätt liknande uppfattningar och tankar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utveckling. Det är enligt förskollärarna en kombination mellan förskolegårdens utformning och faktorer som exempelvis deras egen roll som ger barn de bästa möjligheterna till motorisk utveckling på förskolans utegård.

    Nyckelord; Barn, fenomenografi, förskolegård, förskollärarens roll och motorik

  • 15.
    Cato, Hampus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Correlation Between 3000-meter Running Performance, Yo-Yo IR1 & Submaximal Treadmill Jogging Test2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physiologic functional capacity through maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) can be measured in many different ways depending on sport and qualities needed to be assessed.In handball a demanding 3000 meter (m) running test is used to evaluate V̇O2max. If this test is sport specific or if it could be replaced by a less strenuous test is unknown. Aim: The aim ofthis study was to compare performance on 3000-meter running with predicted V̇O2max from a submaximal treadmill jogging test (SMTJ) and performance of the Yo-Yo intermittentrecovery test 1 (IR1). Methods: Male handball players (n = 12) performed the 3000 m running test, the Submaximal Treadmill Jogging test and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery test level 1. Measurements in seconds (s), ml ∙ kg-1 ∙ min-1 and meters where collected and correlated using Pearson r, interclass correlation. Results: A strong significant linear correlation (p < 0.01) was found between performance in 3000 m running (s) and Yo-Yo IR1 performance (m), r = - 0.724 (r2 = 0.524). A weak, not significant linear correlation (p > 0.05)was found between performance in 3000 m running (s) and predicted V̇O2max from submaximal treadmill test (ml ∙ kg-1 ∙ min-1), r = - 0.309 (r2 = 0.095). Conclusion: According to this study the 3000 m running test could be replaced by the Yo-Yo IR1 test or vice versa in adolescent male handball players. The submaximal treadmill test used in this study had several potential errors in estimating V̇O2max, this is probably the reason why only a weak correlation was found between the SMTJ and the 3000 m running test.

  • 16.
    Cider, Asa
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Pihl, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Response to 'Exercise programmes and quality of life in the elderly important facts'2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 128-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Engberg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The weight lifting belt’s impact on power output, velocity and range of motion in a squat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Using a weight lifting belt when performing a variety of resistance exercises is becoming more and more common. The purpose of using a weight lifting belt is its supposed ability to reduce compressive forces on the lumbar spine and enhancement of athletic performance. Although the weight lifting belt has been proven to increase the intra abdominal pressure that helps reduces the shear forces during a squat, little is known about the weight lifting belts effect on the performance.

    Studies have suggested that wearing a weight lifting belt during a squat can increase the vertical velocity and range of motion. Few studies have focused on the power output, but improvements have been seen while wearing a weight lifting belt when performing a deadlift. Variables such as power, velocity and range of motion are of importance for an athlete when making individual training plans as well as measuring the progress. Therefore more research is needed to identify the actual influence of the weight lifting belt on the performance.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine if weight lifting belts have an impact on an athletes ability to develop power, velocity or improve range of motion in a squat.

    Methods: Fifteen healthy men and women familiar with the squat exercise participated in the study. During the study they performed six repetitions of the squat divided into two sets, one set without a weight lifting belt and one with a weight lifting belt. Power and velocity were measured during every squat with a linear encoder and videotapes were made to later calculate the angles in the hip- and knee joints at the lowest position of the exercise.

    Results: No significant differences were found in power (p = 0.25) or concentric and eccentric velocity (p = 0.61, p = 0.16) with or without a weight lifting belt. Range of motion in the knee joint was greater when not wearing a weight lifting belt (p = 0.03), but no differences in the hip angles were found (p = 0.70).

    Conclusion: The result from the current study shows that when performing a squat the weight lifting belt has little to no effect on power, velocity or range of motion. Although a noticeable change in range of motion of the knee joint were observed, further studies on larger populations are needed to determine if it is of clinical value. 

  • 18.
    Eriksson, Karolin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Luts, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Medarbetarperspektiv på maktrelationer och deras koppling till hälsa: en studie bland anställda på en sluten behandlingsavdelning för unga män.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor är en förutsättning för arbetsmiljön och är därför också en förutsättning förarbetsplatshälsan. Detta är framförallt viktigt att ha i åtanke vid arbeten med människor ikomplexa situationer som har problem med till exempel droger, kriminalitet eller våld. Syftetmed föreliggande studie är att synliggöra medarbetarnas upplevelser av handlingsutrymme ochmaktrelationer i förhållande till sin arbetskontext på ett behandlingshem för unga män. Medfokus på tidigare erfarenheter utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv är syftet även att belysarelationernas koppling till medarbetarnas hälsa. Tidigare forskning har visat att relationer ochpersonligheter har betydelse för intagna individers hälsa inom fängelsemiljöer, institutioner ochpsykiatriska behandlingskliniker (Wästerfors, 2009; dosReis och Davarya, 2008; Woodall, 2007).Det är dock inte helt självklart hur medarbetarna påverkas av relationerna i deras arbetskontext,något som därmed är viktigt och intressant att undersöka.Denna studie har en kvalitativ ansats som utgår från metodtriangulering med hjälp avfrågeformulär och intervjuer. Empirin består av tretton besvarade frågeformulär och tvådjupgående intervjuer som har analyserats genom kodning för att till slut svara på studiens syfte.Resultaten belyser vikten av flexibilitet för att kunna anpassa sig till en ombytlig arbetskontext,men också att stödet från och samarbetet med kollegorna påverkar relationen till de unga männen.Arbetsplatsens relationer påverkar makt och handlingsutrymme, vilka är individuella upplevelsersom ständigt förändras. Medarbetarnas makt och handlingsutrymme i förhållande till de ungamännen upplevs vara större i de situationer där kollegornas stöd och kompetens är närvarandeoch mindre då de unga männen vistas i grupp. Detta kan betraktas som en form av kollektivthandlingsutrymme där kollegorna delar gemensamma uppfattningar och upplevelser rörande ensituation, under förutsättningen att det finns tid och möjlighet till kommunikation mellankollegorna. Makt och handlingsutrymme i relationer och situationer på behandlingshemmetpåverkar upplevelsen av stöd och trygghet, något som i sin tur har betydelse för den upplevdahälsan. Karaktär och flexibilitet är egenskaper som enligt studien krävs av medarbetarna påbehandlingshemmet för att kunna utföra arbetet framgångsrikt. Förutsättningar som främjar relationsskapande främjar därför också medarbetarnas hälsa.

  • 19.
    Glarbjerg, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jönsson, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är ingen jävel som dricker vatten och äter sallad under fotboll": En studie om hur mat och dryck bidrar till den kultur och det sociala samspel som skapas under idrottsevenemang.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to create an understanding of how the supply of food and drink contributes to the cultural and social interaction created between the spectators during football events. The research questions the study seeks to answer are, How important is food and drinks for the experience during the event? How the audience perceive the social interaction in the arena? What did the interaction look like in the social context? and What cultural expression can be seen? The study was based on a qualitative approach and was carried out based on observation and interviews.The observation Schedule and interview guide was pilot tested to ensure quality. Results of the study were analyzed by conventional content analysis. The result showed a community and belonging among the spectators. The range of food and drink was obvious and unreflective. A culture emerged in the arena where a certain behavior and certain behavior patterns were obvious in the context.

  • 20.
    Hallberg, Lillemor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Odontol, Dept Behav & Community Dent, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Nordic Sch Publ Hlth, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Facing a moral dilemma - introducing a dental care insurance within the Public Dental Service2012In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 149-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the reform entitled "Dental care insurance dental care at a fixed price", patients are offered a dental insurance, a capitation plan, that ensures that they can visit the dentist regularly during a period of three years at a fixed price per month (Frisktandvard). This insurance may be offered to all patients. The aim of this study was to generate a theory explaining the main concern for the staff at the public dental service when they have to introduce and advocate dental care insurance to patients. Interview data from 17 persons, representing different professions within the public dental service, were collected and analyzed simultaneously in line with guidelines for grounded theory. The results indicated that dentists/dental hygienists experienced several difficult standpoints concerning the implementation of the dental insurance, somewhat of a moral dilemma. The staff generally had a "cautiously positive attitude" to the forthcoming dental care insurance, but had perceptions how and when the patients should be offered the insurance and what that may mean to the clinic. The respondents reflected about the economic aspects for the clinic and how the oral health may be affected over time for the patients.

  • 21.
    Henriksson, Christopher
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    PrePresentia: An appealing way to turn stage fright into stage delight2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har alla varit nervösa inför en muntlig presentation. Detta gäller allt från korta grupparbeten i grundskolan till Examensarbeten på Högskolan, eller ännu större i arbetslivet. Att vara måttligt nervös är önskvärt, då vi människor presterar bäst när vi är lite spända.

    Var går gränsen från måttligt nervös till rent obehag och talångest? Detta är olika för oss alla, men problemet ökar med kraven. Talångesten kan leda till depression, vilket höjer risken att gå in i väggen. Detta är ett område som jag har haft problem med i stort sett hela livet, därför väljer jag det som examensarbete!

    PrePresentia är en applikation för Apples smartphones och surfplattor. Applikationen kombinerar funktioner för talövning med analys av ljud och puls. Användaren kopplar upp pulsmätaren (Apple Watch) mot applikationen och kan på så vis avgöra skillnaden mellan vilopuls innan presentation och den aktiva pulsen efteråt. Applikationen ska hjälpa till, likt idrottarna som analyserar puls och prestation för att förbättra sig. Utöver detta analyseras även talet och en tipslista/guide finns med i applikationen. Övning ger efterallt färdighet! /Christopher Henriksson

  • 22.
    Hertting, Krister
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Karlsson, Michaela
    Halmstad University.
    Sandéhn, Alexandra
    Halmstad University.
    Ping pong health!: A table tennis intervention for improved health at the workplace2018In: The Science and Practice of Racket Sport for Improved Performance and Health: Special Focus on Table Tennis: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Urban Johnson, Lars Kristén, Miran Kondrič, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2018, p. 22-23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Physical activity has a positive impact on physical and psychological well-being (Delisle, Werch, Wong, Bian, & Weiler, 2010), as well as social relations and skills development (Lamu & Olsen, 2016; Perkins & Williamon, 2014). Adopting a “healthy organization” culture through health programs, with strong senior and middle management support, and using interventions can promote health at workplaces (Rajaratnam et. al., 2014). We, therefore, consider it relevant to have physical activity, social relations and skill development as the starting point in a tabletennis intervention at the workplace.

    Aim: The aim was to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention for improving health and wellbeing in the workplace by introducing table tennis.

    Methods and results: The intervention design consisted of two workshops and five table tennis sessions. Thirteen employees from a warehouse within the retail sector participated in the intervention. The participants had various backgrounds in table tennis and sport in general, different motives to participate, and came from different groups of employees (management and stock). After an introductory workshop, two table tennis coaches held one training session a week over the fiveweek intervention period. The employees were divided in to two groups and each group had a 45-minute session. The evaluation is in progress at present. Pre- and post-measurement has been conducted using health questionnaires Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). These will be analysed using a Bayesian paired t-test analysis. Based on the results of the questionnaire focus group interviews will be conducted with participants. Three focus groups of 4-5 participants in each group. The questions will focus on 24 experiences of the intervention and reflections on future directions for table-tennis and wellbeing activities at the workplace. Finally, there will be a workshop pointing out future directions for sport-based health activities at the workplace.

  • 23.
    Hjelm, Caroline
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jerhammar Hedman, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Thuné, Ellinor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att vara eller inte vara - en hälsocoach: En kvalitativ studie om hur yrkesrollen som hälsocoach bidrar till att forma den personliga identiteten och förhållningssättet till hälsa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine how the learning of the professional role as health coach contributes to shape the personal identity. The aim was also to investigate how this learning process could affect the health coaches' individual well-being, through their descriptions of personal approach to health. Method: The present study had a qualitative methodological approach, where data collection occurred through six semi-structured interviews with professional health coaches. The empirical data were compiled into themes and then analyzed through the theoretical framework. Results: The results shows that learning, in terms of interactions with customers and colleagues, and the adoption of particular characteristics and skills, may influence the personal identity of health coaches. Through learning, the individuals identified themselves, even in private settings, with the professional role. Due to learning, the health coaches have a more balanced approach to diet, exercise, and individual health. Conclusion: The learning process that takes place within the professional role has shaped the health coaches in such ways that special characteristics has developed and the professional role has become a big part of their personal identity. Furthermore, the results also shows that learning may influence the way of interpreting, applying, and understanding health information. Even their personal approach to health has changed for more balanced, which in turn may have positive health effects.

  • 24.
    Holmberg, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chaplin, John E
    Department of Pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Empowering aspects for healthy food and physical activity habits: adolescents’ experiences of a school-based intervention in a disadvantaged urban community2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1: Equal Health, article id 1487759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    This study aimed to describe adolescents’ experiences of participating in a health-promoting school-based intervention regarding food and physical activity, with a focus on empowering aspects. 

    Method:

    The school was located in a urban disadvantaged community in Sweden, characterized by poorer self-reported health and lower life expectancy than the municipality average. Focus group interviews with adolescents (29 girls, 20 boys, 14–15 years) and their teachers (n = 4) were conducted two years after intervention. Data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. 

    Results: 

    A theme was generated, intersecting with all the categories: Gaining control over one’s health: deciding, trying, and practicing together, in new ways, using reflective tools. The adolescents appreciated influencing the components of the intervention and collaborating with peers in active learning activities such as practicing sports and preparing meals. They also reported acquiring new health information, that trying new activities was inspiring, and the use of pedometers and photo-food diaries helped them reflect on their health behaviours. The adolescents’ experiences were also echoed by their teachers. 

    Conclusions: 

    To facilitate empowerment and stimulate learning, health-promotion interventions targeting adolescents could enable active learning activities in groups, by using visualizing tools to facilitate self-reflection, and allowing adolescents to influence intervention activities.

  • 25.
    Häggblom, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Is there a sex difference in the bilateral deficit?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The bilateral deficit can be described as when the sum of two unilateral movements exceeds

    the bilateral output. If the sum does not exceed the bilateral output, a bilateral facilitation is

    present. Little research has been done in males and females comparison of the bilateral deficit.

    The purpose of the current study was therefore to compare the bilateral deficit between sexes

    in a 1 repetition maximum (RM) leg press. Twenty participants, ten males and ten females,

    were recruited (23.4±2.1 years, 71.2±13.1 kg, 172.2±8.9 cm) and seventeen of them

    completed the study. The test consisted of two testing sessions (one unilateral with preferred

    leg, and one bilateral session) with seven days in between. The 1 RM was attained within six

    attempts, with a three minutes rest between every attempt. The current study showed a

    bilateral deficit of males (5.6±4.6%) and a bilateral facilitation of females (0.6±5.9%). There

    was a significant difference between sexes of p=0.031 (p<0.05). Previous studies have

    examined males and females separately, with different methods and protocols. This study

    used the same method and protocol in both sexes. Some suggestions of the mechanisms

    behind the deficit have been proposed and may explain the current findings, but further

    studies are needed. Future research needs to continue to explore and explain the sex

    difference in the bilateral strength deficit.

  • 26.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, POBox 300, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport. Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, POBox 300, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Cuesta, Marta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Millberg German, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    Varbergs kommun, Varberg, Sverige.
    HICube Kompetenta vården, Delrapport: Välfärdsteknik ur ett etiskt perspektiv, Varbergs kommun2018Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hertting, Krister
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Health literacy in an age of technology - schoolchildren’s experiences and ideas2017In: International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, ISSN 1463-5240, E-ISSN 2164-9545, Vol. 55, no 5-6, p. 234-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to explore opportunities to promote schoolchildren’s health literacy based on their own experiences and ideas. Research suggests the necessity for health literacy to be included into the school curriculum, and to view health promotion as part of lifelong learning. There is also a need to involve schoolchildren in developing health literacy so they can find strategies to improve their health. However, there is limited research on the best practices of health literacy, based on the schoolchildren’s own experiences and ideas. In this article, a secondary analysis of the data from two previous studies was performed. In total, 540 schoolchildren aged 10–15 from the northern regions of Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia participated by sharing their experiences in written reflections or by completing an open question in a survey. Two questions were posed to gather the data in the secondary analysis: ‘What signifies the schoolchildren’s experiences of health and well-being?’ and ‘What are the strategies to promote health and well-being suggested by the schoolchildren?’ The results show that people and interactive technology support schoolchildren’s health literacy. The schoolchildren highlighted the importance of being cared for, confirmed by and connected to others. They also stressed the importance of being in an environment that enabled them to participate and thus be engaged, which made them empowered to take care of their own health and well-being. In addition, they identified empowering aspects of technology as a tool in health promotion that created health opportunities for the schoolchildren. © 2017 Institute of Health Promotion and education

  • 29.
    Kämpe Thorsell, Josefin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kjellström, Danielle
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur lärandemiljöer skapas för fotbollsspelande pojkar inom föreningslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till denna studie grundade sig i problematiken om föreningsidrottens svårighet att hålla kvar barn i föreningen under en längre tid samt hur barn på sin fritid blir mer och mer stillasittande. Syftet med denna undersökning är således att studera hur lärandemiljöer för fotbollsspelande barn kan skapas inom ramen för en träningsverksamhet vars inriktning är att ta hänsyn till varje barns utveckling. Utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv och teorin förhandling av mening som grund vill vi studera interaktionen mellan tränare och barn, och interaktionen mellan barn. Ansatsen var fältforskning, och utifrån detta genomfördes observationer och fältanteckningar. En kvalitativ metod användes tillsammans med en interaktionsanalys ianalysarbetet. Det framkom att tränarnas pedagogiska förhållningssätt till barnen lärandemiljö innefattade deras hjälp av redskap, kroppsspråk och kommunikation. Dessutom fann vi barnens samspel med varandra, med hjälp av hur de delade med sig av sina erfarenheter och kunskaper. De situationer av förhandling vi fann innebar hur barnen förhöll sig till redskap, människor och miljön på olika sätt. En viktig aspekt är att de hälsopedagogiska redskapen faktiskt används i föreningen för att skapa lärandemiljöer för barnen.

  • 30.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Children and young people’s participation in developing interventions in health and well-being: a scoping review2018In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18, no 507Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Greater interest is being shown in participatory approaches, especially in research on interventions that concern children and young people'shealth and well-being. Although participatory approaches have user involvement in common, they differ in terms of the explicit guidance on how to actually involve and engage children and young people in health research. The aim of this scoping review was to systematically map recent research involving children and young people in the development of interventions targeting issues of health and well-being. Methods: An interpretative scoping literature review based on: a scientific literature search in (health and social science) databases, reference lists, a manual search in key journals and contact with existing networks was conducted. A total of 4458 references were identified through the literature search, of which 41 studies published between 2000 and 2017 were included in the review. The target population was children and young people under 25 years old. Level of participation was categorized according to Shier's Pathways to Participation Model. Results: The review showed that participatory approaches were most often used in the development of interventions in school settings and in community and healthcare settings and on issues concerning support in lifestyle or in managing illness or disease. The level of participation varied from children and young people taking part just as active informants, through stages of greater participation both in quantitative and qualitative terms, to children and youngpeople becoming an active agent involved as a co-researcher where the research process was shaped by views of a higher level of mutuality. Most of the studies were categorised at a medium level and only three studies were judged to involve the children and young people at the highest level. Conclusions: This scoping review showed that work remains in enabling children and young people to influence the development of interventions targeting health and well-being. In relation to level of sustainability in the interventions, it is relevant that goals, strategies and processes are formulated by those who can gain from the interventions. Participatory approaches aiming for a higher level of participation where children and young people work together with the researchers in partnerships are thus warranted. © 2018 The Author(s).

  • 31.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Parents’ experiences of an e-health intervention implemented in pediatric healthcare: a qualitative study2019In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 19, article id 800Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The growing field of participation in healthcare has the potential to provide a number of benefits for children, patients, healthcare professionals and also the healthcare systems. According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), children have the right to participate in their own healthcare and make their voice heard. Children’s opportunities for understanding their conditions, sharing their views and participating in decisions regarding their care depend on healthcare professionals but also on parents’ ability to communicate and include children. E-health solutions can remove barriers to children’s communication with healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to explore parents’ perspectives on the outcomes of an e-health solution, Sisom, used by children during healthcare appointments.

    Methods: The empirical data is based on interviews with 16 parents. In the present study constructivist, grounded theory was chosen as the method.

    Results: The theory of enhancing participation, by orientating communication about healthcare towards the voice of the child instead of the parents, summarizes the process of how the outcome of Sisom for children lead to enhanced participation, by making the child the main actor and an agent in his/her own healthcare. The facilitators for achieving participation in Sisom were four interrelated outcomes; engaging, voice-guarding, raising awareness and integrity preserving. In addition to generating increased participation, it emerged that the use of Sisom also initiated a process, which was evident in all four subcategories that facilitated the child in coping with the experience of having an illness.

    Conclusions: We conclude, that Sisom orientated communication about healthcare towards the voice of the child instead of the parents as well as including the child in the dialogue with the healthcare professional and thus increasing the child’s participation and human rights. © 2019 The Author(s)

  • 32.
    Lejon, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Att delta eller inte: En enkätstudie om elevers icke deltagande i idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Lundve, Gabriella
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Andersson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Axelsson, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Skapar ständig uppkoppling, sämre avkoppling?: En studie om tjänstemäns beskrivelse av gränslösa arbetsvillkor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased availability of today´s technical equipment often results in a blurry boarder between work and non-work. Officials experience new working situations which can have both positive and negative impacts on their health. This availability may result in more responsibility; the officials can plan and structure their work, which can for many people be very positive. But it can also result in negative stress and press. This way of working often lead to a round the clock availability for customers, co-workers and leaders, which can affect the family and social relationships.

    The following study is created with the intention to investigate how official´s describe how to work with boundless working conditions within an organization. In this study, we have used a combination of quantitative and qualitative research together with 28 officials, within a maller IT organization.

    The results demonstrate that the officials emphasize primarily benefits with boundless working conditions. The officials describe that they have a healthy balance between work and non-work, but previous experience has shown different. In the beginning, the demands were too ambitious. They were stressed and focused on work only, instead of being with their amily. These experience resulted in a process and communicated to their family and leader how to manage their overloaded working conditions. Furthermore the results showed that officials describe that they do not have an expectation of their colleagues or leaders to be available at all time. The problem was self-esteem and willingness to be constantly updated about their work. To increase organizational learning, the study's results emphasize dialogue between their co-workers are perceived as the main tool. However, officials feel a weak communication from leaders regarding the policies of their working conditions and what's expected of them.

    The conclusion of this study is that the leader should be clearer regarding the expectation and support the officials who find it difficult to maintain a healthy boundary between work and non-work. Furthermore, we believe society needs more attention regarding the  nsequences of the increasing boundless of working conditions in order to develop strategies and further prevention of health of the employees.

  • 34.
    Malmborg, Julia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Bremander, Ann
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Olsson, Charlotte M.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Pain and its association to health, orthorexia nervosa, sports performance, and physical maturity in sport school adolescents2017In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Hertting, K. & Johnson, U., Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, p. 56-57Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Marton, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Idrottsföreningsaktiva 65+ om värdet av fysisk aktivitet: -En studie om erfarenheter ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to highlight how 65+ sports associated people describethe experience and value of physical activity, as well as how the gender factorseparates the groups. Theoretical Reference Framework: A combination of holisticapproach, Bourdieu's theory, Genus theory and Social constructivism. Method:Athletes 65+ were recruited in this study, ladies from a golf club and gentlemen froma free gym association. A total of three groups participated in this study where focusgroup interviews were applied for data collection on two occasions. In addition, theinformants wrote a diary, which meant that in the second meeting discussions wouldbe based on those notes. Focus group interviews were recorded using digital tools,which then where carefully transcribed and analyzed using qualitative contentanalysis. Result: The analysis generated two categories and six subcategories, wherethe results showed that the value of physical activity is about promoting health andsocial relations, which was important for both groups. At the same time the resultsshowed that they enjoyed performing physical activities based on their own interests,needs, view of body ideals and the environment where the performed the physicalactivity. There are clear indications of how the ladies and gentlemen involvement inphysical activities differ and how they are influenced by taste and social and culturalexperience.

  • 36.
    Meesters, Jorit
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Lund, Orthopaedics, Lund University.
    Hagel, Sofia
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Lund, Orthopaedics, Lund University.
    Klokkerud, Mari
    National Resource Centre for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Stovgaard, Inger
    University of South Denmark, Graasten, Denmark.
    Bremander, Ann
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine. Spenshult Hospital.
    Grotle, Margreth
    FORMI (Communication Unit for Musculoskeletal Disorders), Oslo University Hospital, Norway.
    Hørslev-Petersen, Kim
    University of South Denmark, Graasten, Denmark.
    Petersson, Ingemar F
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Lund, Orthopaedics, Lund University.
    Hagen, Kåre Birger
    Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Pont, Winke
    Department of Orthopaedics Rehabilitation Medicine & Physical Therapy, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Vlieland, Thea Vliet
    Department of Orthopaedics Rehabilitation Medicine & Physical Therapy, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Goal-setting in multidisciplinary team care for patients with rheumatoid arthritis: an international multi-center evaluation of the contents using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a reference.2013In: Journal of rehabilitation medicine : official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 45, no 9, p. 888-899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To make a cross-cultural comparison of the contents of rehabilitation goals of patients admitted for rehabilitation and to compare the contents with the comprehensive International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for rheumatoid arthritis, by linking their contents to the ICF. PATIENTS: A random sample of 80 patients with rheumatoid arthritis was retrieved from rehabilitation clinics in 4 countries. METHODS: Rehabilitation goals were extracted from the medical records and linked to the ICF using standardized linking rules. RESULTS: A total of 495 rehabilitation goals were identified and linked to 952 ICF codes, resulting in 151 unique ICF codes. Two-hundred and seventy-five (29%) of the 952 ICF codes were related to "Body Functions" (b-codes), 80 (8%) to "Body Structures" (s-codes), 419 (44%) to "Activities and Participation" (d-codes) and 178 (19%) to "Environmental Factors" (e-codes). Thirty-five of the 151 unique ICF codes (23%) were not in the comprehensive ICF Core Set for RA, whereas 23 of the ICF codes in this Core Set (24%) were not in the rehabilitation goals. CONCLUSION: The goals set in a team rehabilitation setting for patients with rheumatoid arthritis are related to all ICF components, with "Activities and Participation" being the most frequently addressed. The contents of the goals are, to a considerable extent, covered by the comprehensive ICF Core Set for RA, but additional evaluation is required before the ICF Core Set is used as a rehabilitation tool in rheumatoid arthritis.

  • 37.
    Mortenius, Helena
    et al.
    Hosp Halland, Dept Res & Dev, Cty Council Halland, SE-30185 Halmstad, Sweden..
    Marklund, Bertil
    Hosp Halland, Dept Res & Dev, Cty Council Halland, SE-30185 Halmstad, Sweden..
    Palm, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Primary Healthcare, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Jonkoping Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Baigi, Amir
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Primary Healthcare, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    The utilization of knowledge of and interest in research and development among primary care staff by means of strategic communication - a staff cohort study2012In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 768-775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The obvious gap between evidence and practice in health care is unfavourable for patient care and requires the promotion of a scientific attitude among health care professionals. The aim of the present study was to determine the utilization of knowledge of and interest in research and development among primary care staff by means of a strategic communication process.

    Method

    A cohort consisting of primary care staff (n = 1276) was designed and strategic communication was utilized as a platform over a 7-year period. Quantitative and qualitative methods were taken in account.

    Results

    We found that 97% of the staff had gained knowledge of research and development, 60% of whom remained interested in the subject. The oral communication channel was the most powerful for creating research interest. Organizational culture was a barrier to interest in science.

    Conclusion

    The study demonstrates a significant increase in knowledge and interest among primary care staff as a result of a strategic communication process. Practice implications Strategic communication should lead to a more evenly distributed research commitment among all health care professionals, thus facilitating communication between them and patients in order to clarify, for example, the causes of disease.

  • 38.
    Numell, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Lärande som konstrueras på ett självledarskapsläger: En kvalitativ observationsstudie om ungdomars lärande och aktörskap inom ramen för Självledarskapslägret DNG 360°2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Ungas psykiska ohälsa ökar och det finns många hälsointerventioner som görs inriktade på denna målgrupp. Det finns många åtgärder och metoder som är framtagna för att främja ungas hälsa och många av de studier som är gjorda innefattar interventioner med dessa åtgärder och metoder och utvärderingar av desamma. Mindre, eller inget fokus har lagts på det lärande som sker i hälsointerventionerna och med utgångspunkt i det och ur ett hälsopedagogiskt perspektiv tar sig denna uppsats sin utgångspunkt från lärandet som sker i vad som kan ses som en hälsointervention, Självledarskapslägret DNG 360°.

    SYFTE OCH FRÅGESTÄLLNINGAR:

    Syftet med studien var främst att skapa förståelse kring det lärande som konstitueras genom deltagande och interaktion i organiserade aktiviteter inom ramen för ett självledarskapsläger ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Samt att besvara följande frågeställningar, 1) Vad för kunskaper konstitueras i de studerade aktiviteterna? 2) Vad för stöd använder sig deltagarna av i sitt aktörskap för att möjliggöra lärande?

    METOD:

    Studien var kvalitativ med fältforskning som utgångspunkt och genomfördes som en observationsstudie med deltagande observationer på Självledarskapslägret DNG 360°.

    RESULTAT:

    Studien visade att kunskaper som konstituerades på lägret var sociala kompetenser, problemlösningskunskaper samt att skratt kan ses som en rekonstruktion av strategier för att hantera känslor. Vidare visar resultatet på olika former av stöd som deltagarna använde sig av i sitt lärande. En synliggjord aspekt av stöd var skapandet av en trygg miljö, samt skapandet av språkliga artefakter som speciella uttryck, som ”typ” och ”liksom”. Artefakterna använde deltagarna i sin kommunikation med andra och kan således ses som ett medierande verktyg som de aktivt använde som stöd i deras lärande. Slutligen visade resultatet att deltagarna ofta vände sig till den informella ledaren i gruppen för stöd i sitt lärande.

    DISKUSSION OCH SLUTSATS:

    Den här studien ger en ökad förståelse för det lärande som sker på ett självledarskapläger och diskussionen utgår från det spänningsfält som kan ses skapas mellan lärande sett ur perspektivet ”självet” och lärande sett från ett sociokulturellt perspektiv . Det sociokulturella perspektivet menar att vi lär oss tillsammans med andra och att lärandet är situerat. Det finns enligt detta perspektiv inget självklar själv, utan självet existerar i ett sammanhang. Detta är något som problematiseras i diskussionen i förhållande till självledarskapslägret samt dess innehåll. Ur ett hälsopedagogiskt perspektiv föreslogs bland annat vidare forskning med fler studier med fördjupning på det lärande som sker i olika hälsointerventioner.

  • 39.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Lindberg, Susanne
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Involving Children With Cancer in Health Promotive Research: A Case Study Describing Why, What, and How2017In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 6, no 2, article id e19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Participatory research approaches have been introduced to meet end-users’ needs in the development of health promotion interventions among children. However, whereas children are increasingly involved as passive informants in particular parts of research, they are rarely involved as partners, equal to adult researchers, throughout the research process. This is especially prominent in the context of child health where the child is commonly considered to be vulnerable or when the research concerns sensitive situations. In these cases, researchers and gatekeepers to children’s involvement base their resistance to active involvement of children on potential adverse effects on the accuracy or quality of the research or on ethical or moral principles that participation might harm the child. Thus most research aimed at developing health promotion interventions for children in health care is primarily based on the involvement of parents, caregivers, and other stakeholders.

    Objective: The objective of this paper is to discuss reasons for involving children in health promotive research and to explore models for children’s participation in research as a basis for describing how researchers can use design methodology and participatory approaches to support the participation and contribution of children in a vulnerable context.

    Methods: We developed and applied a model for children's participation in research to the development of a digital peer support service for children cancer survivors. This guided the selection of appropriate research and design methodologies (such as interviews, focus groups, design sessions, and usability evaluation) for involving the children cancer survivors (8-12 years) in the design of a digital peer support service.

    Results: We present a model for what children’s participation in research means and describe how we practically implemented this model in a research project on children with cancer. This paper can inform researchers in their planning of strategies for children’s participation and ensure future development of health promotion interventions for children is based on their perspectives.

    Conclusions: Challenges in reaching a suitable degree of participation during a research project involve both creating opportunities for children to have genuine influence on the research process and organizing this involvement so that they feel they understand what they are involved in and why. To achieve this, it is essential to enable children to be involved in research over time to gain confidence in the researchers and to develop children’s abilities to make decisions throughout the research processes.

  • 40.
    Persson, Per-Oskar
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Petersson, Sofia
    Halmstad University.
    Hashtag hälsa: Synliggörande av vilka hälsobudskap som uttrycks och konstrueras av ungdomar på Instagram.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Instagram is a phone application that people use to share photos and movies. Instagram is one of the two most popular social medias in the age group 16-25 after Facebook. This essay is a netnographic study that has looked at the affordances offerd on Instagram in images where users are between 16 and 24 years. The study has gathered an archive of material for six days in the spring of 2016. The aim of this paper has been to make this affordances visible by highlighting the sense of what is offerd in health that reveals itselfs, designed and obtained by young people on Instagram. Images were analyzed using image analysis and after that analysed in a text analysis inspired by discourse analysis. The result has been linked to previous research, parts of health theoretical concepts as well as socio-cultural perspective and communities of practice. The conclusion of the study is that health is offered by the young people only as a positive extreme. The affordeces that are given are largely represented individually. The studie has seen that you should exercise, eat right and be happy according to the discourse. There is an unspoken learning process about what is appropriate or not during the hashtag health. With that created collective beliefs are made and an adaptation.

  • 41.
    Saldert, Charlotta
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Backman, Ellen
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hartelius, Lena
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Conversation partner training with spouses of persons with aphasia: A pilot study using a protocol to trace relevant characteristics2013In: Aphasiology, ISSN 0268-7038, E-ISSN 1464-5041, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 271-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Conversation partner training can be effective in improving communication in aphasia. However, there is a need for further research about effects of specific training programmes as well as about the relevant characteristics of the conversation partners who are to be candidates for training.

    Aims: This pilot study explores the applicability of an adaptation of a conversation partner training programme. In addition, a protocol for assessment of variables relating to the person with aphasia and the conversation partner that may be involved in changes in conversational interaction is examined.

    Methods & Procedures: Three dyads with persons with aphasia and their spouses participated in this explorative study with a case-series design. The training outcome was monitored with measures of perceived functional communication and analysis of multiple video-recorded natural conversations obtained at baseline, post intervention, and at a 12-week follow-up. Repeated measures of comprehension, word fluency, and psychological well-being were obtained as well as descriptive measures of the executive function and a profiling of attitudes and behaviour in communication in the spouses.

    Outcomes & Results: All three persons with aphasia and two of the spouses reported a slight improvement in the measure of perceived functional communication. This perception of improvement was also reflected in blinded, independent assessments of ability to support communication in conversations for the two spouses who reported improvement. The profiling of the third spouse indicated problems in attitudes to communication and also in aspects of executive function, and may account for the lack of intervention effects seen in the third dyad.

    Conclusions: The results show that intervention with the adapted training programme may be effective. It might be argued that the outcome measures as well as other measures fulfil their purpose. The profiling of relevant traits in the conversation partner may be useful, although the prognostic validity of the instruments needs to be further evaluated. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 42.
    Sparud Lundin, Carina
    et al.
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hallström, Inger
    Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    När ett barn får diabetes – ett genusperspektiv på föräldrars erfarenheter av att hantera nya utmaningar i vardagen2014In: BestPractice: Diabetes, ISSN 1902-7583, Vol. 4, no 10, p. 19-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Sundquist, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    A Test-Retest Reliability Study of Cooper's Test In Adolescents Aged 16-19 Years2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The maximum rate of oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) can be measured through numerous tests, either directly or indirectly, where direct methods are considered more accurate, whereas indirect methods are more of an estimation with various degrees of reliability. Cooper's Test is one example of an indirect method considered reliable in estimating V̇O2max, with reliability coefficients ranging between 0.897-0.960. Cooper's Test is thus a test that is often used when estimating V̇O2max. However, there is a lack of test-retest research done utilising Cooper's Test on a younger population, which is the reasoning behind this study focusing on adolescents. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the test-retest reliability of Cooper's Test, in adolescents aged 16-19 years. Methods: Twelve healthy adolescents, aged 16-19 years, attending a sports high school participated in a test-retest study (test 1 and test 2) of Cooper's Test. The tests were performed on the short sides of a synthetic grass field, with 66 metres between the two sides, were the participants were instructed to cover as much distance as possible, with high motivation and intensity, for the whole 12 minutes of the Cooper's Test. Each individual participant's data was measured, recorded and later analysed. The total distance covered was then translated into miles and compared to Cooper's original estimated maximal oxygen consumption table for an estimation of each participant's V̇O2max value in ml*kg-1*min-1 from test 1 and test 2. The data from the test-retest and its variance was then analysed by a two-way mixed model of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) with an absolute agreement type. Results: The analysed data from test 1 and test 2 of Cooper's Test showed the results of an ICC (95% CI) of 0.06 (-0.353 to 0.544), indicating a substantial error variance between the two separate Cooper's Tests. Conclusion: The data and analysis from this study implied that Cooper's Test was not reliable in the study population, consisting of adolescents. Possible factors influencing the result however were lack of participant motivation and the level of intensity variance during the test-retest of Cooper's Test. Further researchers and amateur and professional users should keep these factors in mind when utilising Cooper's Test to predict V̇O2max. More research is needed within this study's age population to draw any definite conclusions on the reliability of Cooper's test on adolescents.

  • 44.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Källstrand Eriksson, Jeanette
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Håman, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Utvärdering - Välmående ger Resultat2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Svensson, Miriam
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Orthorexia nervosa – a comparison of prevalence among adolescent girls in a sports secondary school and general secondary schools2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A topic more frequently discussed nowadays is orthorexia nervosa (ON), which is an atypical eating disorder where the person is obsessed with healthy eating to avoid illness and disease. Signs of ON often begin with a wish for getting rid of bad habits, such as eating meals containing a lot of sugar and fat. Eventually the person’s behaviour changes and eating healthy becomes an unhealthy obsession that takes over the everyday life. Recently, it has also been related to excessive training, especially in Swedish media. Furthermore, it has been shown that athletes are at higher risk for developing ON. However, there is insufficient research in this area, as well as the ON prevalence among adolescent girls and correlation between ON and body mass index adjusted for children and adolescents. To investigate this, as well as the correlation between ON and hand strength, which is used as an indicator of general muscle strength, is therefore of great importance. 

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare ON prevalence among adolescent girls in seventh grade in a sports secondary school and adolescent girls in seventh grade in general secondary schools and investigate the correlation between ON and BMI and ON and hand strength. 

    Method: A total of 48 girls in seventh grade participated in the study: 28 girls from the sports secondary school and 20 girls from the general secondary schools. To investigate the ON prevalence the questionnaire ORTO-15 was used. To calculate BMI standing length and body weight was measured and thereafter adjusted to the cut-off points constructed by the International Obesity Task Force. Hand strength was registered with a hand grip dynamometer. 

    Results: There was no significant difference in ON prevalence between the girls in the sports secondary school and the general secondary schools. However, a majority of all girls had an indication of ON. Furthermore, a higher indication of ON had a small correlation with both a higher BMI and a higher muscle strength.

    Conclusion: More studies and better instruments are needed to further investigate ON prevalence among adolescent girls, as well as relationships between ON and BMI and ON and hand strength. Interesting to consider in further research is also how these variables evolve over time in persons with ON.

  • 46.
    Sörensen, Tina
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "Massage och avslappning är lite knepigt i början men med lite övning så blir det riktigt bra"En förskoleklass upplevelser av massage och avslappning som aktivitet.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studien är  att undersöka hur 23 barn i en förskoleklass upplever aktiviteten massage och avslappning under fyra veckor. Undersökningen genomfördes ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv där barn, lärande och socialt samspel med varandra är i fokus.

  • 47.
    Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    DYSLEXI, INTERNET OCH STIGMA: en netnografisk studie av nätbaserad kommunikation hos personer med dyslexi2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel (translated from Swedish): Dyslexia, the internet and stigma – a netnographic study of online communication in people with dyslexia

    Author: Helena Taubner

    Supervisor: Åsa Wengelin

    Examinator: Magnus Tideman

    Masters thesis (30 ECTS) in Disability Studies, University of Halmstad, Sweden, spring 2013

    The thesis is written in Swedish.

    Our communication continually changes, and the internet is an important factor in that development. New ways of making writing more efficient, for example the use of abbreviations and special symbols are emerging. We mix written language with photos, films, sound clips and links. Norms for what is considered to be the correct use of language are displaced. When our abilities do not match society’s expectations, stigmatization occurs. This is what happens to a person with dyslexia when the demands placed upon them for their reading and writing abilities become too high. What happens when the communication moves into the online environment? The following three issues are addressed:

    How do individuals with dyslexia communicate online?

    How do individuals with dyslexia relate to their online communication?

    How do individuals with dyslexia control their stigma when communicating online?

    The study is a two-part qualitative case study based upon semi-structured interviews and netnographic shadowing with two informants, Andreas and Linda. The results were analysed with reference to Goffman’s theory of stigma. In spite of the fact that Andreas has greater difficulties with reading and writing than Linda, he experiences less stigma in relation to communication, since he more consciously manages to control his stigma. A crucial factor for both informants is whether or not the online forum is synchronous or asynchronous (it is impossible for them to pass in synchronous forums). Hence, the study suggests that the degree of stigmatization does not necessarily correspond to the degree of difficulties with reading and writing.

  • 48.
    Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Multimodality as a key to identity re-negotiation when living with post-stroke aphasia in a digitalised society2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Online and offline re-negotiation of identity when living with post-stroke aphasia2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Online re-negotiation of identity in post-stroke aphasia2016Conference paper (Refereed)
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