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  • 1.
    Jensen, Thomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jevdic, Slavica
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Karaman, Fetija
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Clownen i barnens tjänst: Att avleda smärta, oro och rädsla2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children who undergoes examinations, care or treatment goes through different procedures that may give them experience of pain, anxiety and fear. There are different methods of distraction to decrease and distract those unpleasent experiences. Clownintervention is one of those methods. The aim of this study is to describe the effect of clownintervention on childrens pain, anxiety and fear. The method used is litterature study. The articles analysed was mainly quantitative method however one was with a mixed method. All articles were published the latest five years. The main result showed that clownintervention had effect on childrens anxiety and fear. It was evaluated through self- report assessment in the children who were able to use this and through observation of those children who were not able to use self- report assessment. It did not, however, equally clearly demonstrate effect on pain using clownintervention when only three studies demonstrated positive effect. It may be that the material was small. The conclusion is that nurses need to be aware of the importence about the effect of clownintervention and to implement this method of distraction in to clinical work. Furthermore it would be of great importance if more research could be done in larger populations to examine the effect of clowns assistance to reduce childrens experience of pain.

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