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  • 1.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Evers, Natasha
    J.E. Cairnes School of Business and Economics, NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland.
    International opportunity recognition in international new ventures—a dynamic managerial capabilities perspective2015In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, no 3, 260-276 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to advance theoretical knowledge of the international opportunity recognition in international new ventures (INVs) from a dynamic capabilities perspective with particular focus on the emergent perspective of dynamic managerial capabilities. Building the extant literature on international opportunity recognition, dynamic capabilities theory, this paper presents a conceptual framework explaining how dynamic capabilities of the firm can be created and enacted through the entrepreneur’s dynamic managerial capabilities and actions for international opportunity identification for international firm growth. Drawing on the dynamic capabilities theory and more recent dynamic managerial capabilities perspective, this article enriches understanding of how opportunities are identified for the venture’s international development and growth. The article concludes with theoretical and research implications. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York

  • 2.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Evers, Natasha
    J.E. Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    The development of dynamic managerial capabilities and their influence of rapid international growth2013In: The 16th Annual McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference: Researching New Frontiers, 2013, 17-17 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to advance theoretical knowledge of the development of dynamic managerial capabilities in international growing firms by reviewing and synthesizing available research into a conceptual framework. The framework explains how dynamic managerial capabilities, through international entrepreneurial actions, affect international growth. By including concepts from managerial dynamic capabilities theory, this article enriches understanding of a firm’s international development and growth.

    This article’s findings contribute to the emerging field of capability development (Ambrosini et al., 2009; Gavetti, 2005) and to the international entrepreneurship area (Jones et al., 2011). This study advances the resource-based and dynamic capability research agenda by paying greater attention to the role of managers in strategic and organizational change. In particular, this study focuses on managerial capability development at the individual level. The focus on development over time provides a richer understanding of the interplay among managerial social capital, managerial human capital, and managerial cognition. This study also develops a model that shows how dynamic managerial capabilities through international entrepreneurial actions affect international growth. That is, contributions are given to provide understanding of why firms are able to grow rapidly internationally. 

  • 3.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Evers, Natasha
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). National University of Ireland (NUI), Galway, Ireland.
    Chen, Xuelin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zhang, Yini
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Business and Social Networking for Rapid SME Market Entry and Development in China2017In: / [ed] Natasha Evers, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how the firm’s business and social relationships influence how adolescent Swedish born globals and Born Again Globals develop their customer base following post market entry into China. Using the network perspective and extant research on Chinese Guanxi, this study shows how Swedish manufacturing exporters leverage their network relationships in different phases the internationalisation process, in term of the extension, penetration and integration upon entry and post-market entry into China. A qualitative case study approach of three Swedish manufacturing adolescent born global and born again firms, on the Chinese market is employed. A framework developed from a network perspective is used to analyze the data. The study demonstrates the importance, and the degrees of impact, of business and social networks in market and post market entry into China. Business networks emerge as most important in the first part of the market entry process and when networks were integrated between China and other markets. However, social relationships had greater impact in facilitating the firm’s commitment of resources and its market penetration into China. The study also shows that business and social networks were interpreted as synonymous in the Chinese business context, in that social relationships (Guanxi) were considered just as important as business relationships from the Chinese perspective. Hence managing social dimensions of the relationship (Guanxi) were just as important as the business dimensions when conducting relationships with their Chinese customer and business partners.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Evers, Natasha
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Griot, Clemence
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Local and Global Networks in Small Firm Internationalisation – Cases from the Rhone-Alp Medical Technology Cluster2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although networks have been shown in many studies to be critical for the international development of firms, surprisingly few studies have focused on the influence of local networks and global networks in the internationalisation of firms operating in industrial clusters. This study explores the internationalisation processes of small and medium sized firms operating in the medical technology cluster in the Rhone-Alp region in France. Firstly, we find that local and global networks influence the internationalisation processes of the case firms but in different ways. The influence of such networks were determined by the regional location, industry dynamics and the life-cycle of firms in the cluster. Second, internationalising firms found were Born Globals, led by entrepreneurs globally market-orientated from inception and Born Again Globals, late but rapid internationalisers. The internationalisation of Born Again Globals was triggered by a critical event that redirected the firm rapidly on to global markets late in their life-cycle. Thirdly, local networks were important for initiating internationalisation for the Born Global firm yet held limited importance for the Born Again Globals in the cluster. Local networks in the cluster were however, important for both Born Global and Born Again Globals for developing and internationalising their innovations.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Evers, Natasha
    Marketing Discipline, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Griot, Clémence
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2). La Redoute Sverige AB, Borås, Sweden.
    Local and international networks in small firm internationalization: Cases from the Rhône-Alpes medical technology regional cluster2013In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 25, no 9-10, 867-888 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the internationalization processes of small firms operating in the medical technology cluster in the Rhône-Alpes region in France. The study demonstrates that both the location and the sectoral type of industry cluster influence the internationalization and network dynamics in the cluster. In addition, both local and international networks influence firm internationalization processes in different ways. First, the firm life-cycle, industry and locational cluster dynamics determine the extent of network influence on firms' internationalization processes. Second, two types of internationalizing firms emerge in this study: born global firms, led by proactive entrepreneurs and globally market-orientated firms from inception, and born-again globals, which engage in late but rapid internationalization as a result of new management or foreign acquisition. Third, local networks in the cluster are important for influencing the internationalization of the born global firm at inception. In contrast, international networks serve as the main impetus for re-launching internationalization for the born-again globals. Fourth, the local research institutions and their connections abroad help both born globals and born-again global firms develop and internationalize their innovations rapidly in the global marketplace.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Evers, Natasha
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Kuivalainen, Olli
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    International new ventures – rapid internationalization across different industry contexts2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of the industry, or the environment in which the firm operates, can have a significant impact on the internationalization of the new venture. The impact of industry factors has received limited attention in the context of international entrepreneurship, however. The goals of this conceptual paper are the following: First, we present some insights into the industry idiosyncrasies and INVs and present a conceptual framework identifying key industry variables to aid further examination of the role industry factors on new venture internationalization processes and strategies, and hence, this paper can be seen as an early version of the conceptual review. Second, we build up propositions how industry affects the internationalization process of the INVs. In this we provide a platform for further studies in the domain of international entrepreneurship.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Evers, Natasha
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Kuivalainen, Olli
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    International new ventures: rapid internationalization across different industry contexts2014In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 26, no 5, 390-405 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to, first, offer insights into the relationship between industry idiosyncrasies and international new ventures (INVs), and then present a research conceptual framework that identifies the role of industry factors in new venture internationalization processes and strategies. Second, the authors introduce the content of this special issue. Design/methodology/approach – This conceptual article builds on extant studies on INVs operating in different industrial contexts. Particular attention is given to the role of industry influences in the processes of new venture internationalization, in terms of speed, geographical scope and entry strategy. Such factors are discussed to formulate a conceptual framework as a basis for further research. Findings – The conceptual framework identifies key industry factors as well as emergent factors that influence the new venture internationalization process, in terms of speed, geographical scope and entry strategy. Such key influencing factors are competition and structure, industry life cycle, industry concentration, knowledge intensity, local cluster internationalization and global industry integration. Emergent factors are identified as new business models, technology and industry network dynamics. Research limitations/implications – This article is conceptual in nature, and thus empirical research is recommended in diverse contexts. Practical implications – Further analysis of industry factors is a valid research avenue for understanding INVs. Originality/value – This special issue offers new insights into how industry factors influence INVs’ internationalization processes in terms of speed, scope and entry strategy.

  • 8.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). JE Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Decision-making logics in international opportunity exploration and exploitation in high tech ventures2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the decision-making logics of entrepreneurs during the exploration and exploitation phases of international opportunities. Data was collected from four med-tech international new ventures in Ireland and Sweden. Adopting a longitudinal approach, we captured the processual dynamics of exploration and exploitation and identified decision-making behaviours adopted by INV entrepreneurs in different phases of the international opportunity process. This study finds that he entrepreneur’s decision-making logic falls contingent on their personal knowledge base and nature of industry dynamics surrounding the exploration and exploitation processes. The study finds that those entrepreneurs with a scientific and engineering background drew on causation decision-making logic in the exploration processes concerning technology development, whereas during the exploitation process they enacted more effectuated behaviours in decisions particulary relating to marketing experimentation and development, mainly due to their lack of prior commercial experience and business know-how. This study contributes to the domain of international entrepreneurship (IE) research with a particular focus on decision-making logic in the exploration and exploitation processes of international opportunities. It offers empirical insights into the degree of applicability of effectuation and causation logic in entrepreneurial decision-making. As IE is a young discipline, this study makes a number of inroads in advancing knowledge in the causation and effectuation theoretical perspectives on IE with specific focus on the complex entrepreneurial processes of exploration and exploitation of international opportunities in high tech contexts.

  • 9.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Dynamic Managerial Capabilities And International Opportunity Creation – Empirical Insights From Irish And Swedish Case Firms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds upon and empirically tests our recently JIEN published conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers (2015). This conceptual framework which advances the three core components of the dynamic managerial capabilities: cognitive, social and human capital (Adner and Helfat, 2003) is an attempt to conceptualise and provide theoretical understanding as to how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed within small internationalising firms for creating and capturing international opportunities.  Building upon this conceptual model and extant theoretical studies, this paper sets out to do three things. Firstly, drawing upon the recent conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers, (JIEN 2015), this research inquiry explores the role of dynamic managerial capabilities in how international opportunities are created and exploited in Irish and Sweden small internationalising companies. Second, it examines the dichotomy between opportunity discovery and the emergent yet controversial concept of opportunity creation. Thirdly, it explores empirically the theoretical relevance of opportunity creation across the findings. Fourthly, this research pays particular attention to top managers and their top management teams (TMTs) as the primary source of dynamic managerial capabilities.  In the empirical evidence, we seek to understand how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed and utilized by INV managers to create and capture international opportunities. 

  • 10.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The role of stakeholders in developing marketing capabilities in internationalising SMEs2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organisation, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver unique marketing assets for competitive advantage in international new ventures. Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we identify and empirically examine the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable firms to acquire and effectively respond to the dynamic international market environments. This study suggests that small internationalising firms must move beyond market orientation strategies for developing marketing capabilities to consider other stakeholder groups for driving firm performance.  This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing the nature of the firm’s marketing capabilities. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities and marketing assets the firm develops for competitive advantage.

    In particular, we find that managerial capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for capturing and regenerating marketing resources and capabilities for generating rents.

  • 11.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    J.E. Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    Department of Marketing and Management, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012In: Journal of International Marketing, ISSN 1069-031X, E-ISSN 1547-7215, Vol. 20, no 4, 46-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of international new ventures (INVs) and, in particular, toward their marketing activities. Using a cross-country case approach, this article explores the role of stakeholders in the marketing capability–building processes of INVs in Ireland, Sweden, and Denmark. The study reveals that different stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities to respond effectively to the dynamic nature of international markets in which they operate. The results show that different stakeholder groups (allied, cooperative, neutral, and entrepreneur) can influence the learning processes (single-, double-, and triple-loop) of the firm and can determine the nature of dynamic marketing capabilities (incremental,renewing, and regenerative) needed to create and sustain international competitive advantage. Furthermore, “effectuation logic” can explain how entrepreneurs manage and leverage stakeholder relationships in marketing capability processes to cocreate value for the firm. By incorporating dynamic capabilities, stakeholder, and learning theories, this study offers a dynamic, process-oriented model for INV research and provides much-needed qualitative insights into the dynamic capabilities theory of the firm. © 2012, American Marketing Association.

  • 12.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    South Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012In: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, East Lansing MI: Academy of International Business: Rethinking the Roles of Business, Government and NGOs in the Global Economy / [ed] S. Feinberg & T. Kiyak, Michigan: Academy of International Business , 2012, 233-233 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of INVs and particularly toward their marketing activities. This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organization, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver competitive advantage in international new ventures (INVs). Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we explore the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable INVs to effectively respond to the dynamic nature of international market they operate in. This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities for their international development. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities the firm develops for international competitive advantage. In particular, we find that capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for dynamically modifying, renewing and regenerating marketing capabilities.

  • 13.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Marketing Discipline, J.E. Cairnes School of Business & Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Cunningham, James A
    Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
    Hoholm, Thomas
    Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    International entrepreneurship in universities: Context, emergence and actors2016In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, no 3, 285-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue presents an opportunity to explore the international aspects of academic and university based international entrepreneurship. Over the last decades much research attention has been focused on university spin-off firms (USOs) on issues such as, creation, risk, strategies and performance (see Druilhe and Garnsey, 2004; Link and Scott, 2005; Lockett and Wright, 2005; Walter et al, 2006; Wright et al., 2006). There has been a dearth of studies that have examined the international dimensions and aspects of university-based spin-off firms. The six articles presented in this special issue point towards interesting future research agendas at the interface between academic and international entrepreneurship. Three core themes emerge from this special issue: Context, Emergence and Actors. In sum, this special issue pinpoints: firstly, specific features of universities and research organizations as contexts for international technology entrepreneurship; secondly, the process of organizational emergence and entrepreneurial cognition; and thirdly, insight into learning processes of USOs and the role of non-academic actors. Our article concludes by identifying future avenues of research. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

  • 14.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Kuivalainen, Olli
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Industry Factors Influencing International New Ventures’ Internationalisation Processes2015In: The Rise of Multinationals from Emerging Economies: Achieving a New Balance / [ed] Palitha Konara, Yoo Jung Ha, Frank McDonald & Yingqi Wei, Houndmills, Basingstoke Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 1, 226-242 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of the industry, or the environment in which the firm operates, can have a significant impact on the internationalisation of the new venture. The impact of industry factors has received limited attention in the context of international entrepreneurship. This chapter builds on extant studies on International New ventures (INVs) operating in different industrial contexts. Particular attention is given to the role of industry influences in the processes of new venture internationalisation, in terms of geographical scope (number of target markets the firm enters), entry strategy (entry mode in foreign markets, e g distributers or subsidiaries) and internationalisation speed (the time span between the legal creation of a firm and its first international sale and the speed of a firm’s continued international growth). The goals of this chapter are the following: First, we present some insights into the industry idiosyncrasies and INVs and present a conceptual framework identifying key industry variables to aid further examination of the role industry factors on new venture internationalisation processes and strategies. Such key influencing factors are (1) knowledge intensity and product 2) industry life cycle, 3) degree of global industry integration [A1] (4) industry network dynamics, (5) business model and 6) local industry cluster internationalisation. Second, we build up propositions how industry affects the internationalisation process of the INVs. In this we provide a platform for further studies in the domain of international entrepreneurship.

  • 15.
    Hannibal, Martin
    et al.
    Department of Marketing and Management, IBE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Evers, Natasha
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Marketing Discipline, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Sevais, Per
    Department of Marketing and Management, IBE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Opportunity recognition and international new venture creation in university spin-offs—Cases from Denmark and Ireland2016In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, no 3, 345-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extant research suggests that the founder’s activities and interactions are considered pivotal in driving the opportunity recognition process leading to international new venture emergence. This paper aims to explore the opportunity recognition process and international new venture emergence in the context of university hightechnology spin-offs that are internationally market driven from inception. University spin-offs (USOs) are defined as ‘new firms created to exploit commercially some knowledge, technology or research results developed within a university’ (Pirnay et al., Small Bus Econ 21:355–369, 2003). To address this inquiry, this study imports theory from the entrepreneurship literature on organizational emergence, opportunity recognition, effectuation and the principle of individual self-efficacy. Drawing on empirical case data from four case USOs from Denmark and Ireland, this paper finds that the inventor-founders are typically engaged in opportunity recognition processes that are characterized as creative, driven by scientific innovations. It is indicated that the process of USO emergence and continuous development involves activities and interactions similar to typical international new ventures. The scientific knowledge that created opportunities for the emergence of INV-USOs across our cases endorses the view that innovation and internationalization are strongly correlated. Insights are provided on inventor-founders’ entrepreneurial intention demonstrated through activities and interactions in the on-going processes of creating the USO. Findings further highlight that self-efficacy of the inventor-founder(s) and access to specific resources (means at hand) are salient determinants for international new ventures to materialize. The study concludes with a proposed conceptual framework for further research on the creation of INV-university spin-offs. Conclusions and implications are drawn at the end of the article. © Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

  • 16.
    Paul, Ryan
    et al.
    Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Evers, Natasha
    National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland.
    Smith, Adele
    Galway Business School, Salthill, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Communities of Practice - A Creator and Accelerator of Born Global Ventures2017In: / [ed] Natasha Evers, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Ryan, Paul
    et al.
    Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Evers, Natasha
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Smith, Adele
    Galway Business School, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Cartoon Network: Rapid Internationalisation for Born Global Members of a Community of Practice2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper demonstrates how active membership of a particular form of social horizontal network, in the form of a Community of Practice (CoPs) can bring about the creation and accelerated international development of born global ventures serving the global digital animation industry. Community of Practice has been well established as a form of social network and a component of social learning theory (Lave & Wenger 1991). In this study we use a ‘novel’ highly globalized research context - the Irish indigenous digital animation production industry. Through shared passion and interest for cartoon animation, this paper explores the role of community of practice in the creation and international development of Irish Born Global digital animation ventures.

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