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  • 1.
    Eliasson, Karl
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Tingemar, Rickard
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patientens upplevelse av andnöd: När luften tar slut2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shortness of breath is a common symptom of serious illnesses producing multidimensional and complex experiences. Breathlessness is very limiting - physically and psychologically - for patients around the clock. The purpose of the study was therefore to highlight the patient's experience of breathlessness.

    Method: The study was conducted as a general literature study with inductive approach. Literature was searched systematically.

    Result: Nine scientific articles formed the outcome. Using meaningful extracts six subcategories were formed in two main categories: Attack on life and Managing life.

    Conclusion: Breathlessness contributed to severe limitations in life. Patients felt their entire way of life was affected even beyond the acute phase. Fear or ignorance created uncertainty among patients who perceived themselves as inadequate and helpless. This, combined with shortcomings in health care, contributed to patients experiencing shame. Because breathlessness was always on the patient’s mind, hopelessness and despair were also experienced. The result also described a positive side where patients could handle life through supporting family and relatives, increased knowledge, control and training. Further research how person-centred care can relieve patients’ experiences of breathlessness is needed. New research clearly addressing patients' experiences of breathlessness outside the acute phase is required.

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