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  • 1.
    Forsström, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Svensson, Robert
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Periodisk fasta i kombination med styrketräning ökar muskelmassa och minskar fettvikt hos yngre vuxna2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Today's sedentary lifestyle with increased intake of energy giving substances results in a constant anabolic hormonal onset. This leads to increased obesity and other lifestyle diseases. It is recommended that individuals adhere to a high meal frequency at regular intervals throughout the day. This has been questioned with competing alternatives involving a former lifestyle as long as 10 000 years ago, when the meal frequency could not be planned in the same way as today.

    Objective: To investigate the effects of two 24 - hour periodic total restriction of consumption of energy giving substances, with the implementation of physical strength training and its effect on lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass in young individuals.

    Method: Two 24 hour periods of intermittent fasting in combination to three separate weight training sessions took place weekly for seven weeks. Body measurements involving body fat percentage, fat mass in kilograms (kg), body perimeters in centimeters (cm), LBM and total body weight in kg was measured before and after the study. Seven participants completed the study. The group included two men and five women (n = 7).

    Results: All participants increased their LBM, the mean increase was 1.3 kg. The largest increase was 2.6 kg, and was found among two of the participants. All participants reduced their body fat percentage. The highest reduction was 4.8 %, the lowest reduction was 1 %. The average decrease in fat weight was 2 kg. The largest reduction in fat weight was 4.2 kg, and the lowest reduction was 0.64 kg.

    Conclusion: Intermittent fasting during two separate 24-hour periods per week can serve as a tool in reducing body fat / fat mass while increasing muscle mass if done in combination with weight training three times during the same week. This finding questions the earlier research and claims about the importance of maintaining a consistently high meal frequency.

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