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  • 1.
    Campo, Mickael
    et al.
    Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Laboratoire Psy-DREPI: Psychologie – Dynamiques Relationnelles Et Processus Identitaires (EA-7458), Dijon, France.
    M. Mackie, Diane
    Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Emotions in Group Sports: A Narrative Review From a Social Identity Perspective2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, novel lines of research have developed to study the influence of identity processes in sport-related behaviors. Yet, whereas emotions in sport are the result of a complex psychosocial process, little attention has been paid to examining the mechanisms that underlie how group membership influences athletes’ emotional experiences. The present narrative review aims at complementing the comprehensive review produced by Rees et al. (2015) on social identity in sport by reporting specific work on identity-based emotions in sport. To that end, we firstly overview the different terminology currently used in the field of emotions in groups to clarify the distinct nature of emotions that result from an individual’s social identity. Secondly, we discuss key concepts of social identity to better understand the mechanisms underlying identity-based emotions. Thirdly, we address existing knowledge on identity-based emotions in sport. We close the present narrative review by suggesting future research perspectives based on existing meta-theories of social identity. Evidence from the social psychology literature is discussed alongside existing works from the sport literature to propose a crucial theoretical approach to better understand emotions in sport. © 2019 Campo, Mackie and Sanchez.

  • 2.
    Campo, Mickaël
    et al.
    Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Besançon, France.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Social identity and group-based emotions application in the sporting context2022In: Feelings in Sport: Theory, Research, and Practical Implications for Performance and Well-being / [ed] Montse C. Ruiz; Claudio Robazza, New York, NY: Routledge, 2022, 1, p. 70-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Bertollo, Maurizio
    “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy & University of Suffolk, Ipswich, United Kingdom.
    Debois, Nadine
    National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance (INSEP), Paris, France.
    de Oliveira, Rita F.
    London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom.
    Fritsch, Julian
    Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Moesch, Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). The Swedish Sports Confederation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Raab, Markus
    London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom & German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Vaisetaite, Lina
    National Olympic Committee of Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Preface to the special issue: 50 years of FEPSAC2019In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 42, p. 5-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Morela, Eleftheria
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark & University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Ries, Francis
    University of Seville, Seville, Spain.
    Kouli, Olga
    Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Acculturation through sport: Different contexts different meanings2018In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 178-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the role of sport as a social integrative agent for migrants has provided equivocal results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between ethnic–cultural identity and sport environmental factors. Young migrant male athletes from two different societal and sport contexts were studied: migrants from Eastern European countries living in Greece (n=60) and from Latin America living in Spain (n=60). Participants completed measures of ethnic and cultural identity, task-oriented motivational climate, and autonomy- supportive coaching behaviour. Analysis of variance revealed that Eastern European inhabitants of Greece scored higher on fringe and assimilation, and lower on lack of interaction compared to Latin American inhabitants of Spain. In addition, for the former group, a mastery motivational climate and autonomy-supportive coaching predicted an integrative identity, whereas for the latter group, the motivational environment did not predict acculturation patterns. The results suggest that sport may serve different acculturation purposes, thus explaining to a degree the lack of consistent results regarding the integrative role of sport. The study provides preliminary support for the importance of the sport motivational environment for the facilitation of integration. © 2016 International Society of Sport Psychology.

  • 5.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Faculty of Sport Science, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Otten, Sabine
    Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Dankers, Silke
    Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Promoting psychological integration within culturally diverse school classes: a motivational climate intervention in the physical education context2022In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 20, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Securing long-lasting positive intergroup relations is of high priority in the multi-cultural European Union. Developing and promoting integration within the school context is a matter of interest to both researchers and practitioners. This study investigated the effects of a mastery-oriented motivational climate intervention using the TARGET framework on students’ psychological integration (identification with, and inclusion in physical education [PE] class), in culturally diverse school classes. The intervention was conducted using a quasi-experimental design in 7th to 9th graders over 18 weeks. Two school classes were assigned to an intervention group (n = 38) and three school classes received regular PE instruction. The intervention group was compared with a control group (n = 56). Results indicated a positive effect of the intervention on students’ feelings of inclusion in PE class in the intervention condition compared to the control condition. Mediation analysis revealed that this effect operated through decreased performance climate perceptions. Our findings suggest that such an intervention using the TARGET framework may affect students’ feelings of inclusion within the PE class through differences in performance climate perceptions. Findings highlight the importance of perceived motivational climate in PE for students’ psychological integration in culturally diverse PE settings and suggest the effectiveness of a motivational climate intervention. © 2021 International Society of Sport Psychology.

  • 6.
    Galanis, Evangelos
    et al.
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Comoutos, Nikos
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Charachousi, Fedra
    University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    From the lab to the field: Effects of self-talk on task performance under distracting conditions2018In: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 32, p. 26-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the effectiveness of self-talk strategies on task performance under conditions of external distraction in laboratory and field experiments. In the laboratory experiment, 28 sport science students (Mage 21.48±1.58 years) were tested on a computer game requiring attention and fine execution following a baseline assessment and a short self-talk training. In the field experiment, 28 female basketball players (Mage 20.96±4.51 years) were tested on free-throwing, following a baseline assessment and a six-week intervention. In both settings the final assessment took place under conditions of external distraction (noncontinuous, sudden, loud noise). Analyses of covariance showed that participants of the self-talk group performed better than participants of the control group. Findings suggest that self-talk can counter the effects of distraction on performance, and indicate that the attentional effects of self-talk is a viable mechanism to explain the facilitating effects of self-talk on performance. © 2018 Human Kinetics, Inc.

  • 7.
    Marcen-Cinca, Noel
    et al.
    San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. University of Orléans, Orléans, France; Paris-Saclay University, Orsay, France.
    Otin, Sofia
    Miguel Servet University Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain; Aragon Health Sciences Institute (IIS Aragón), Zaragoza, Spain; University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Cimarras-Otal, Cristina
    San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Bataller-Cervero, Ana Vanessa
    San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Visual Perception in Expert Athletes: The Case of Rock Climbers2022In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, article id 903518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the visual perception system in expert climbers through a psychophysical optical test in a cross-sectional study. Twenty-seven male participants with an International Rock Climbing Research Association (IRCRA) best on-sight lead skill level ranging between 18 and 27 and a best red-point level ranging between 18 and 29 completed a series of psychophysical optic tests assessing their visual field, visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity. Climbers were divided by their best red-pointed lead level, and, following IRCRA recommendations, two groups were created: an advanced group (IRCRA redpoint level between 18 and 23), and an elite-high elite group (IRCRA redpoint level between 24 and 29). The elite group presented more training days per week (5.25 ± 1.28), best on-sighted lead level (24.63 ± 1.92 IRCRA), and best red-pointed lead level (26.63 ± 2.56 IRCRA) than the advanced group (3.67 ± 0.91 training days per week, 19.50 ± 1.04 IRCRA on-sighted level and 20.67 ± 1.57 IRCRA red-pointed level). Better visual perception outputs were produced by the group of elite climbers in visual field tests; no differences were observed between the two groups for visual acuity and contrast sensitivity tests. Overall, findings indicate that best climbers performed better at the visual perception tasks that tested their visual field. Such better perception from best climbers is discussed given (1) the greater time they spend coercing the visual system during practicing climbing and (2) the specific complexity of the stimuli as they are confronted to harder routes where holds are less perceptible and the time to find best hold sequences is constrained. Copyright © 2022 Marcen-Cinca, Sanchez, Otin, Cimarras-Otal and Bataller-Cervero.

  • 8.
    Pfeffer, Ines
    et al.
    Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany; ICAN Institute of Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences, Hamburg, Germany.
    Lach, Larissa
    Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. Université D'Orléans, Orleans, France; Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
    Self-regulation and healthy lifestyles: considering the future may increase current physical activity levels2023In: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, E-ISSN 1465-3966, Vol. 28, no 10, p. 2825-2831Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined whether people’s consideration of consequences (future vs. immediate consequences; CFC) can predict physical activity behaviour (PAB) and, to explore key mechanisms that may underline such association. To that end, participants (N = 128) filled in standardised measures of CFC and PAB, and questionnaires of health regulatory focus, attitude and intention as mediators of the CFC–PAB association. Regression analysis revealed that CFC-immediate was negatively associated with PAB, and that health regulatory promotion focus and intention were both positively associated with PAB. Mediation analysis revealed a significant effect of CFC-future via health promotion focus, attitude, and intention on PAB. Findings are discussed considering both susceptibility and buffering hypotheses. CFC-future buffers against self-control failure because it is associated with a promotion focus and with both more positive attitudes and stronger intentions towards PAB. Interventions promoting a physically active lifestyle should foster people to value and become aware of the future consequences of their actual PAB. © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 9.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Torregrossa, Miquel
    Department of Psychology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Woodman, Tim
    School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom.
    Jones, Gareth
    School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Llewellyn, David
    Medial School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    Identification of Parameters That Predict Sport Climbing Performance2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 1294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, extreme sport-related pursuits including climbing have emerged not only as recreational activities but as competitive sports. Today, sport climbing is a rapidly developing, competitive sport included in the 2020 Olympic Games official program. Given recent developments, the understanding of which factors may influence actual climbing performance becomes critical. The present study aimed at identifying key performance parameters as perceived by experts in predicting actual lead sport climbing performance. Ten male (Mage = 28, SD = 6.6 years) expert climbers (7a+ to 8b on-sight French Rating Scale of Difficulty), who were also registered as climbing coaches, participated in semi-structured interviews. Participants’ responses were subjected to inductive-deductive content analysis. Several performance parameters were identified: passing cruxes, strength and conditioning aspects, interaction with the environment, possessing a good climbing movement repertoire, risk management, route management, mental balance, peer communication, and route preview. Route previewing emerged as critical when it comes to preparing and planning ascents, both cognitively and physically. That is, when optimizing decision making in relation to progressing on the route (ascent strategy forecasting) and when enhancing strategic management in relation to the effort exerted on the route (ascent effort forecasting). Participants described how such planning for the ascent allows them to: select an accurate and comprehensive movement repertoire relative to the specific demands of the route and reject ineffective movements; optimize effective movements; and link different movements upward. As the sport of climbing continues to develop, our findings provide a basis for further research that shall examine further how, each of these performance parameters identified, can most effectively be enhanced and optimized to influence performance positively. In addition, the present study provides a comprehensive view of parameters to consider when planning, designing and delivering holistic and coherent training programs aimed at enhancing climbing performance. © 2019 Sanchez, Torregrossa, Woodman, Jones and Llewellyn.

  • 10.
    Van Yperen, Nico W.
    et al.
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Dankers, Silke
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Sanchez, Xavier
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Otten, Sabine
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Perceived inclusion in youth soccer teams: The role of societal status and perceived motivational goal climate2021In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 53, article id 101882Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    © 2020 The Author(s)Objectives: Our aim was to investigate the link between youth soccer players' perceptions of the coach-initiated motivational goal climate within their team and their perceptions of inclusion as a function of societal status. Societal status refers to one's national background which numerically forms the majority or a minority in a particular society. Design and methods: Survey data was collected among 245 male youth soccer players (M = 12.9 years, SD = 1.60), who all played in culturally diverse teams in the Netherlands. The societal status of 94 players (38.4%) was majority, and 151 players (61.6%) were classified as minority. To test our main hypothesis, perceived inclusion as the dependent variable was hierarchically regressed on coach-initiated mastery goal climate perceptions, performance goal climate perceptions, societal status, and their interactions. Results: Overall, mastery goal perceptions and performance goal perceptions of intra-team competition were positively and negatively related, respectively, to perceived team inclusion. As hypothesized, only among players with a societal minority status, perceptions of inclusion were higher when mastery goal climate perceptions were higher and performance goal climate perceptions were lower. Discussion and conclusion: Our findings suggest that a coach-initiated mastery-oriented team climate may enhance an inclusive soccer environment in culturally and nationally diverse teams. For societal minority players, intra-team competition should be de-emphasized by the coach in order to strengthen the experience of inclusion.

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