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  • 1.
    Premaratne, Hemakumar Lalith
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Recognition of printed Sinhala characters by direction fields2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although substantial research has been carried out on Optical Character Recognition (OCR) where a printed or a handwritten document of script is read as an image and converted to the editable text format, for various languages during the last 30 years, majority of Brahmi descended south Asian scripts are yet to achieve a commercial OCR system.

  • 2.
    Premaratne, Hemakumar Lalith
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Järpe, Eric
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lexicon and hidden Markov model-based optimisation of the recognised Sinhala script2006In: Pattern Recognition Letters, ISSN 0167-8655, E-ISSN 1872-7344, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 696-705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Brahmi descended Sinhala script is used by 75% of the 18 million population in Sri Lanka. To the best of our knowledge, none of the Brahmi descended scripts used by hundreds of millions of people in South Asia, possess commercial OCR products. In the process of implementation of an OCR system for the printed Sinhala script which is easily adoptable to similar scripts [Premaratne, L., Assabie, Y., Bigun, J., 2004. Recognition of modification-based scripts using direction tensors. In: 4th Indian Conf. on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing (ICVGIP2004), pp. 587–592]; a segmentation-free recognition method using orientation features has been proposed in [Premaratne, H.L., Bigun, J., 2004. A segmentation-free approach to recognise printed Sinhala script using linear symmetry. Pattern Recognition 37, 2081–2089]. Due to the limitations in image analysis techniques the character level accuracy of the results directly produced by the proposed character recognition algorithm saturates at 94%. The false rejections from the recognition algorithm are initially identified only as ‘missing character positions’ or ‘blank characters’. It is necessary to identify suitable substitutes for such ‘missing character positions’ and optimise the accuracy of words to an acceptable level. This paper proposes a novel method that explores the lexicon in association with the hidden Markov models to improve the rate of accuracy of the recognised script. The proposed method could easily be extended with minor changes to other modification-based scripts consisting of confusing characters. The word-level accuracy which was at 81.5% is improved to 88.5% by the proposed optimisation algorithm.

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