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  • 1.
    Lagergren, M.
    et al.
    Stockholm Geronotology Research Centre.
    Fratiglioni, L.
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institute.
    Hallberg, I. R.
    Lund University.
    Berglund, J.
    Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Karlskrona.
    Elmståhl, S.
    Lund University.
    Hagberg, B.
    Lund University.
    Holst, G.
    Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Karlskrona.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sjölund, B. M.
    Nordanstig Municipality, Bergsjö.
    Thorslund, M.
    Aging Research Centre, Karolinska Institute.
    Wiberg, I.
    Region Skåne, Kristianstad.
    Winblad, B.
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    Wimo, A.
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    A longitudinal study integrating population, care and social services data: The Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC)2004In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 158-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims:

    A large, national, long-term, longitudinal, multi-purpose study has been launched in Sweden - the Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC). The study involves four research centers collecting data in four different areas of Sweden.

    Methods:

    The study consists of two parts: the population part and the care and services part. In the population part, a large, representative panel of elders in different age cohorts is followed over time to record and describe the aging process from different aspects. In the care and services part, a systematic, longitudinal, individually-based collection of data is performed concerning provision of care and services together with functional ability, specific health care problems, and living conditions of the recipients living in the area.

    Resuits:

    The data collection in the population part of the SNAC is not yet completed. In the present article, some preliminary results are reported from the care and services part. These pertain to comparisons between the participating areas with respect to the prevalence of disability among those receiving care and social services in their ordinary homes and those receiving care in special accommodation. A comparison is also presented with regard to the amount of home help provided to subjects with a given disability.

    Conclusions:

    This project has several advantages. It is expected to generate a rich data base relevant for future research on aging and care and to have a direct impact on the future Swedish system of care and services for the elderly.

  • 2.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Berggren, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Movement in mind: The relationship of exercise with cognitive status for older adults in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care (SNAC)2008In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 212-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of light and strenuous exercise, and self-reported change in exercise status, with different components of cognitive function, and gender differences in this relation, in a large, representative sample included in the Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC). Eight-hundred-and-thirteen participants in age-cohorts from 60-96 years completed a wide range of cognitive function tests, the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) and survey questions concerning exercise behaviour and exercise change with light or strenuous intensity. ANCOVA, controlling for age, education, depression, functional status and co-morbidity, demonstrated a main effect for light exercise, but not for strenuous exercise, on five of the six cognitive tests and the MMSE, for men but nor for women. A negative change in exercise status was associated with lower MMSE scores for men but not for women. Individuals exercising with light intensity several times a week had the highest cognitive test and MMSE scores and the inactive group had the lowest scores. The results of the study may contribute to increased knowledge in the exercise-mental health relationship for elderly and spawn new research specifically on gender differences in this relation.

  • 3.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Halling, Anders
    Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Sweden.
    Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Sweden.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Dept. of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Depression and exercise in elderly men and women: findings from the Swedish national study on aging and care2007In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, ISSN 1063-8652, E-ISSN 1543-267X, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 41-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the relationship between light and strenuous exercise and depression, as well as gender differences in this relationship, in a representative sample of 860 elderly Swedish suburb-dwelling men and women in age cohorts from 60 to 96 years, drawn from among participants in the Swedish National Aging and Care study. The relationship between depression and self-reported changes in exercise status over time was also examined. Exercise activities were measured with four survey questions, and depression, with the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale. The inactive elderly had higher depression scores than more active individuals, both in terms of light and strenuous exercise. The continuously active group had lower depression scores than both continuously inactive individuals and individuals reporting a shift from activity to inactivity during the preceding year. Light exercise had a somewhat stronger effect on depression for women.

  • 4.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Den ihågkomna livshistoriens betydelse för åldrandet2004In: Den åldrande människans psykologi: Ett livsloppsperspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2004, p. 35-55Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Åldrandet som utvecklingsfas2004In: Den åldrande människans psykologi: Ett livsloppsperspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2004, p. 9-33Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Berggren, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Relationships between work-status and leisure lifestyle at the age of 60 years old2006In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 82-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tendency to leave work before the formal pension age is reached has increased in most OECD-countries. The societal economical consequences of these circumstances are worrying and knowledge about the mechanisms behind this trend is urgent. Previous research has focused on the role of pension rules, work environments, health and education. In this study, it was investigated if there are differences in personality and in leisure lifestyle between individuals who have retired at the age of 60 and individuals who still work at the same age. The effects of health, work satisfaction, education level and household economy were taken into account. The sample was drawn from the SNAC-Blekinge database and the participants were 184 randomly selected individuals aged 60 years. The variables were measured using standardised questionnaire data. The results show that early retirement due to health problems was negatively related to visiting museums and art expositions and positively related to number of symptoms of disease. Retirement due to other reasons than disability was negatively related to reading books and to number of symptoms. The study suggests there is a possible stress-reducing effect of participation in cultural/intellectual activities. This effect may strengthen the ability and motivation to continue working at the age of 60 years old.

  • 7.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    et al.
    School of Social Science, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Halling, Anders
    County Counsil of Blekinge, Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Berglund, Johan
    School of Health and Sciences, Bleking Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Relationships between physical activity and perceived qualities of life in old age. Results of the SNAC study2009In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives:

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships of different types of quality of life to strenuous and light physical activity in old age.

    Methods:

    The Swedish SNAC-Blekinge baseline database, consisting of data on 585 men and 817 women 60-96 years of age, was utilized. The independent variables were light and strenuous physical activity. Four dependent variables concerned with various quality of life components were employed (well-being, engagement, emotional support and social anchorage). Age, gender, functional ability and co-morbidity were included as possible confounders. Non-parametric bivariate and multivariate statistical tests were performed.

    Results:

    Correlations suggested there to generally be a positive relationship between physical activity and quality of life. Multivariate logistic regression analyses controlling for possible confounders showed light physical activity to increase the odds of experiencing well-being, engagement and social anchorage, whereas strenuous physical activity increased the odds of experiencing engagement and emotional support. Thus, light physical activity and strenuous physical activity differed in their relation to quality of life generally.

    Conclusions:

    The results indicate that physical activity has a salutogenic effect by enhancing the quality of life, and it can be assumed to be connected to quality of life by generating pleasure and relaxation.

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