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  • 1.
    Fri, William
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    How Phases of Cluster Development are Associated with Innovation: the Case of China2013In: International Journal of Innovation Science, ISSN 1757-2223, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 31-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both Volvo and SAAB are now Chinese owned car companies. This means that a substantial amount of Swedish innovation takes place in China. In order to understand this phenomenon better and what it means to innovation strategy we look at how industrial clusters in the automobile industry in different phases of development differ. The Diamond Model is used to explain and measure the competitive situation in three cluster regions in China. The new automobile manufacturing clusters of Chongqing and Chengdu (2C) is compared with two well-developed clusters in Shanghai and Jiangsu, and Beijing and Hebei. Although Shanghai is the most attractive automobile cluster, automobile manufacturing firms choose to locate their production in other regions. The move is also related to the level of innovation in different regions.

  • 2.
    Karlsson, Niklas P.E.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Laurell, Hélène
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Lindgren, John
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    A cross-country comparison and validation of firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices2018In: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 408-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and validate firms’ internal and external stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices across business settings. It aims to assess the validity and reliability of a stakeholder framework appearing in previous studies.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a questionnaire survey and a cross-industry sample consisting of the largest firms in corporate Sweden. Multivariate analysis tests the stakeholder framework. Each of the 294 key informants was initially identified and contacted by telephone, generating a response rate of 36.5 per cent.

    Findings: The tested stakeholder framework appears valid and reliable across countries to assess the internal stakeholders of focal firms, as well as their up- and downstream, market and societal stakeholders. This study provides additional empirical support to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices.

    Research limitations/implications: This study validates previous findings in terms of Swedish firms’ considerations of internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices in relation to one similar country (Norway) and one different country (Spain). The study also shows how the three countries perceive the focal company and societal stakeholders differently. Practical implications: The tested framework sheds light on focal firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices and elucidates the extent to which firms’ account for their internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices.

    Originality/value: This study contributes to the development of valid and reliable stakeholder theory across contexts and through time. In particular, it contributes to the development of a valid and reliable framework to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 3.
    Pehrsson, Anders
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Competition barriers and foreign subsidiary growth: propositions on the contextual role of strategic orientation2015In: International Journal of Business Competition and Growth, ISSN 2042-3845, Vol. 4, no 1/2, p. 3-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A foreign subsidiary's way of breaking through exogenous barriers to competition triggers growth of the subsidiary and the firm as a whole. This article contributes to literature on international business strategy by developing a conceptual framework that underscores the contextual role of subsidiary's strategic orientation in breaking through the barriers. Propositions are developed based on analysis of four high growth subsidiaries of Swedish industrial firms operating in the USA. The propositions distinguish types of exogenous competition barriers encountered by the foreign subsidiary, and types of strategic orientation. First, it is proposed that the more extensive the foreign subsidiary's entrepreneurial orientation the weaker the negative association between a scale barrier and subsidiary's growth. Second, it is proposed that the more extensive the foreign subsidiary's market orientation the weaker the negative association between customer access barriers and subsidiary's growth. Contributions to literature and practical implications are discussed.

  • 4.
    Pehrsson, Anders
    et al.
    School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden .
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Consistent resource base of a foreign subsidiary’s greenfield expansion: A conceptual framework and propositions2014In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 64-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to extend the understanding of the resource base of the industrial firm's greenfield expansion on a foreign country market once a wholly owned subsidiary has been established. Design/methodology/approach: A conceptual framework is developed relying on the resource-based theory of strategy. Resource bases in terms of value-adding activities of four Swedish industrial firms' subsidiaries in the USA are analysed. Four theoretical propositions are formulated regarding consistent associations among the activities and contingencies that are relevant to expansion on a foreign country market. Findings: The propositions show how foreign subsidiaries' value-adding activities are aligned with two contingencies: the corporate strategy manifested by the product/market knowledge transferred from the parent firm that enable local expansion and the subsidiary's knowledge of competition barriers that obstruct local expansion. The value-adding activity may be basic or advanced and may repeat the parent firm's activity. Research limitations/implications: US subsidiaries of four Swedish industrial firms were analysed. The propositions may be turned into hypotheses suitable for tests in statistical studies. A test may include firms from different home countries and subsidiaries on different host country markets. Practical implications: The conceptual framework and the propositions provide a ground for an industrial firm's decision to conduct a strategy of greenfield expansion on a foreign country market once a wholly owned subsidiary has been established. Originality/value: The framework is unique and emphasizes that both knowledge stemming from corporate strategy and knowledge of local competition need to be acknowledged in order to understand firm's greenfield expansion on a foreign country market. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 5.
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Is innovation research contingent on competitive context?: A systematic review of research in the agriculture and forest industry2016In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 225-247Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to extend the understanding of innovation research and its contextual boundaries.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper opts for a systematic review of literature on innovation. Differences between innovation research that is conducted in a competitive context where there is great rivalry is compared with research in a context characterized by strong buyer power are analysed. In particular, the review compares type of innovation under investigation and level of which the innovation occurs.

    Findings – It was found that competitive context significantly separate the type of innovation under investigation and innovation at different levels. Thus, the findings provide insights on the importance of competitive context to innovation research.

    Research limitations/implications The findings have implications for the understanding of the sources and directions of innovation, and the formation of innovation at the level of the firm and the industry. Also, the review provides a relevant foundation for further research.

    Practical implications – The review provides a ground for managerial decision-making regarding innovation. A manager wishing to innovate is advised to evaluate the competitive context. The evaluation is crucial, as the context facilitates different types and levels of innovation.

    Originality/value – The review is unique in its emphasis that reviewing studies of innovation requires the consideration of competitive context. 

  • 6.
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Is innovation research contingent on context?: A systematic review of research in the agricultural and forest industries2015In: 19th McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference: International Entrepreneurship in a Multi-Speed Global Economy: Opportunities and Challenges, 27–29 August 2015, London: University of London , 2015, p. 65-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to extend the understanding of innovation research and its contextual boundaries.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper opted for a systematic review in reviewing literature on innovation. Variation in innovation research that is conducted in the agricultural and forest industry context was analysed. In particular, the review compared type of innovation under investigation and innovation at different levels.

    Findings – The paper provides insights on the importance of industry context to innovation research. It was found that industry context significantly separate the type of innovation under investigation and innovation at different levels.

    Research limitations/implications – The findings have implications for our understanding of the sources and directions of innovation, and the formation of innovation at the level of the firm and the industry. Also, the review provides a relevant foundation for further research.

    Practical implications – The review provide a ground for managerial decision-making regarding innovation.

    Originality/value – The review is unique in its emphasis that reviewing studies of innovation requires the consideration of industry context.

  • 7.
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Market entry mode and performance: capability alignment and institutional moderation2015In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 508-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The selection of mode of entering a foreign market is a key decision in a firm's internationalisation. Building on the resource-based view, this study examines important antecedents of firm's selection of a wholly-owned subsidiary and collaboration with other firms. Based on analysis of empirical data from Swedish manufacturing firms operating on several foreign markets the study found that: 1) greatermarket orientation (MO) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) capabilities favour firm's selection of a wholly-owned subsidiary; 2) greater institutional distance between the domestic market and the foreign market favours collaboration with local firms; 3) an entry mode that is aligned with the capabilities and institutional distance is positively associated with firm's performance on the foreignmarket after the entry phase. Contributions to literature are discussed. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 8.
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ghannad, Navid
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Pehrsson, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Abt, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Chen, Siyuan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Erath, Fabian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hammarstig, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Dynamic capabilities and performance in foreign markets: Developments within international new ventures2015In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 28-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on the relationship between level of internationalization and performance of new ventures show conflicting results indicating a need for more in-depth understanding of the mechanisms underlying the relationship. This study draws on dynamic capability theory and extends the understanding of the issue. The study contributes to international entrepreneurship literature by developing a proposed model built on analyses of event histories of US operations of three Swedish international new ventures. The events take place during more than 20 years. It is proposed that the number of organizationally stable periods of the foreign unit strengthens the positive relationship between product/market knowledge transferred to the unit and its dynamic capabilities, and knowledge acquired locally by the unit and its dynamic capabilities. Also, it is proposed that dynamic capabilities aligned with the transferred and local knowledge are associated with high financial performance. Contributions to literature on international entrepreneurship are discussed. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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