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  • 1.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Innovation in SME: A Case of Firm-Supportive Research2009In: IRIS 32: selected papers of the 32nd Information Systems Research Seminar of Scandinavia : Inclusive design : IRIS 32 was hosted at Molde University College, Norway 9.-12. August 2009 / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2009, p. 187-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a case of collaboration between academia and business firms in supporting innovation processes. The research developed into a firm-supportive model called the CILO method, named after the CILO project (communication in learning organisations). We describe the outcomes from applying the CILO method in relation to one of the partner companies and discuss the methodological implications in relation to established research models. We propose the notion of firmsupportive research as a concept to consider in research aiming at developing business firms.

  • 2.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Lund University, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    The CILO method: firm-supportive research approach enhancing enterprise performance2010In: Knowledge Management and Innovation: A Business Competitive Edge Perspective - Proceedings of the 15th International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2010, Vols. 1-3 / [ed] Soliman, K S, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2010, Vol. 2, p. 1239-1251Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a case of collaboration between academia and business firms in supporting innovation processes based on the CILO method, named after the CILO project (communication in learning organizations). The CILO method is an example of firm-supportive research approach. We describe the outcomes related to enhancing enterprise performance from applying the CILO-method in relation to one of the partner companies. The aim of the paper is to describe and discuss the concept of firm-supportive research in relation to the concept of innovation and to demonstrate how the specific characteristics of this research approach can enhance enterprise performance in one of our partner companies, Flower Systems Ltd.

  • 3.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Kjellin, H.
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Communication Enabling the Implementation of Innovation2006In: Proceedings of the 29th IRIS, 2006, p. 15-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the proposed research approach of a research projectcalled, Communication Enabling the Implementation of Innovation. The point of departurefor the project is a view on innovation described as hard work rather than mere creativityor inventions. This leads to the conclusion that innovation processes can be supportedand enhanced through planned activities. The paper promotes a perspective linkinginnovation to the well established concept of a learning organization. The aim for theresearch project is threefold; 1) to generate a method for the development on an indexmeasuring “innovation maturity” of organizations. 2) to generate specific measures ofinnovation processes and 3) to develop a feedback system enhancing the innovativeorganizations towards a learning organization.

  • 4.
    Hägg, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Institutionen för Informatik, Lunds Universitet.
    Wärja, Magnus
    Institutionen för Informatik, Lunds Universitet.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle, Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Customer Service process IT-enabled support Fit or misfit? - A real world case2008In: Proceedings of 31th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: public systems in the future: possibilities, challenges and pitfalls, IRIS , 2008, p. 22-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a description of a real world case which focuses on a method to define the major gaps between functional requirements and existing support in a traditional ERP system. To identify and define the major gaps the method is using short interviews, existing documentation and graphic process diagrams. The report covers the process Customer Contact – Order Acknowledgement for a global chemicals manufacturer, Perstorp. The group in focus for this study is Customer Service. The results of this case were presented to Perstorp’s Customer Service as well as IT management as background material to assess improvement possibilities for both processes, IT support and for a new ERP strategy. Many other businesses are in similar situations. The aim in publishing this research paper is that these findings can be of practical use to other businesses as well as be an empirical foundation for other papers and possibly further research.

  • 5.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Växjö University.
    Visualization/graphical modeling as a supporting tool in organizational development activities: an action oriented approach2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Knowledge and communicative aspects of visualization in action case research2007In: Proceedings of intelligent and agents 2007: Interfaces and human computer interacion 2007 : Computer graphics and visualization 2007 : 3-8 July 2007, Lisbon, Portugal / [ed] Antonio Palma dos Reis, Katherine Blashki and Yingcai Xiao, IADIS Press, 2007, p. 154-160Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The departure point of this paper is the use of visualization as a tool in action case research. In such research, the researcher seeks a balance between interpreting qualitative data and intervening to solve the problem of the research partner. The communicative and knowledge aspects of visualization are highlighted. The research partner in this research, Flower Systems Ltd. (FSL), is a software company that has developed the ISOX 2000 document management system especially to meet the needs of social services in local governments. Over the last year, employees at various social service agencies have complained about the usability and user friendliness of ISOX. In the action case research two kinds of results are expected: concrete results, as in taking action in a problem solving context (here, the usability problem with ISOX), and conceptual results, as in listing proposed changes to a theoretical framework. The question raised in this paper is: What are the benefits of using visualization as a tool for building interpretations and understandings that are shared by both researchers and practitioners? The concrete results of the collaboration are 1) a more user-friendly, redesigned version of ISOX based on the use of different visualization techniques and 2) a change in how FSL works on redesign. The conceptual result is a list of proposed changes to the knowledge visualization framework, based on the empirical findings and theoretical framework regarding visualization

  • 7.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstads University, Department of Mathematics and Science, Kristianstad, Sweden .
    Kjellin, Harald
    Kristianstad University, Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Operationalizing theory: Moving from insight to action in a SME2007In: ICEIS 2007: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems: Information Systems Analysis and Specification / [ed] Cardoso, J, Cordeiro, J, Filipe, J, Setubal: INSTICC Press, 2007, p. 591-598Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a method for operationalizing theory. The method has its basis in the empirical findings arising from collaboration between the researchers and a research partner, Flower Systems Ltd. The research partner is a software company characterized as a SME. The presented method is exemplified with theories from learning organizations, usability, and visualization - which are all connected to the problem articulated by our partner. The method is an iterative process characterized by a systemic and holistic long- term view that incorporates feedback. The method takes as its point of departure the problematic area described by Flower Systems ltd; the researchers both intervene and interpret in this problematic area, so the method is both described and verified.. The paper combines the case study and action research methods in what is sometimes referred to as a "hybrid" method, the action case method. The view of innovation presented in this paper is that innovation entails supporting change processes in order to create purposeful and focused change.. The underlying research question has been: How usable is our method for operationalizing theory in solving the problem of adapting to changes in an SME?

  • 8.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstads Univ, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstads Univ, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Kristianstads Univ, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Visualization as a Tool in Action Case Research2007In: Proceedings of The 6th European Conference on Research Methods for Business and Management Studies, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, 9-10 July 2007 / [ed] Remenyi, D, Academic Conferences Limited, 2007, p. 153-161Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are numerous examples of the use of visualization of events and processes within the field of Information Systems. Rich pictures are used in soft systems methodology (SSM), images of event-driven chain models are used in process modeling, etc. This paper focuses on the use of generic visualization methods in action case research. In action case research, the researcher balances between interpretation of qualitative data and intervention to solve the problem of the research partner. Two kinds of results are expected: conceptual results, as in describing expected events or expected functionality, and concrete results, as in taking action in some problem-solving context. The questions raised in this paper are:

    • What are the benefits of using visualization as a tool for building shared interpretations and mutual understandings between researchers and practice in action case research settings?

    • How can visualization activities in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) contribute to bridging the gap between conceptual and concrete levels of results?

    In this paper we present empirical findings from an action case research project. Flower Systems Ltd. is a software company that has developed a document handling system (ISOX) especially designed to meet the needs of social services in local governments. The concrete result of the collaboration is a more user-friendly, redesigned version of ISOX based on the use of different visualization techniques. The conceptual result is a proposed model for using visualization when balancing between interpretation and intervention.

  • 9.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Kristianstads University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Visualization of processes for external and internal end users: A research proposal2006In: Proceedings of the 29th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 29), 2006, Denmark, Stockholm: IRIS , 2006, p. 17-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lund Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Boundary dialogues in co-creation of ICT-innovations2012In: IRIS 35, Proceedings of the 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Designing the Interactive Society, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, which is seen as an example of community interaction that overcomes boundaries. The Free2Ride projects goal was to develop a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a sender (on the horse) and a receiver (application in a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. We will answer the research question of what the characteristics of a boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities are. The aim of the paper is to propose a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation that involve different communities of practices such as ICT developers, users and researchers. An important element of that model is the mental wandering, inwards and outwards, by core members in a community. We discuss the temporal as well as the symbolic nature of the mental wandering during the boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities. We applied a combination of research approaches consisting of action research and engaged scholarship approach. The theoretical framework for analyzing our findings is communities of practices with a specific interest in boundary spanning and learning dialogues.

  • 11.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    The Dynamics of Interaction: Exploring a Living Lab Innovation Process from a Community of Practice Perspective2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a living lab project, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. The research question is: How can interaction dynamics be understood in a living lab innovation process? We applied an action-oriented research approach, where the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), which aim is to customize an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where three different communities, i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD) and iii) next of kin of demented elderly persons (NOKD), represented the unit of analysis. We identified situations and activities that played a vital role for the innovation process in terms of boundary interaction dynamics. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a combination and further exploration of the boundary spanning and communities of practice theories. We have developed a conceptual model describing the dynamics in boundary interactions of an ICT innovation process with regard to boundary objects-inuse and brokering. The conceptual model highlights two different levels of brokering: i) inner-level brokering and ii) outer-level brokering.

  • 12.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Dynamics in an innovation boundary context: Exploring a living lab process from a community of practice perspective2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011 / [ed] Timo Leino, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on studies of a living lab process, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. We aim to describe and analyze the dynamics in an innovation boundary context based on a living lab process. An action-oriented research approach was applied and the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), with the aim of customizing an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where the three different communities i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD), and iii) next of kin’s to demented elderly persons (NOKD) represented the units of analysis. The analysis identified several boundary situations that played a vital role for the innovation process. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a process model describing the dynamics in an innovation boundary context with regard to boundary objects-in-use as well as to brokering. The research highlights two different levels of brokering: i) product/service brokering; and ii) process brokering.

  • 13.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation2012In: 18th Americas conference on information systems 2012: Seattle, Washington, USA, 9-12 August 2012, Vol. 4, Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 4, p. 2910-2919Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, which is seen as an example of community interaction that overcomes boundaries. Free2Ride aimed at developing a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a sender (on the horse) and a receiver (application in a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. We will answer the research question of what the characteristics of a boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities are. The aim of the paper is to propose a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation that involve different communities of practices such as ICT developers, users and researchers. We applied a combination of research approaches consisting of action research and engaged scholarship approach. The theoretical framework for analyzing our findings is communities of practices with a specific interest in boundary spanning and learning dialogues. Our contribution is a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation. An important element of that model is the mental wandering, inwards and outwards, by core members in a community. We discuss the temporal as well as the symbolic nature of the mental wandering during the boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities. © (2012) by the AIS/ICIS Administrative Office All rights reserved.

  • 14.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Snis, Ulrika Lundh
    University West, S-46186 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, S-46186 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    A Boundary Practice Perspective on Co-creation of ICT Innovations2016In: NORDIC CONTRIBUTIONS IN IS RESEARCH (SCIS 2016) / [ed] Snis, U L, Springer Publishing Company, 2016, p. 100-115Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that collaboration and co-creation among different groups of stakeholders add complexity and challenges to the innovation process. In this paper a study of co-creation in a multi-stakeholder innovation process is presented. The co-creation is explored and described from a boundary practice perspective. The empirical data presented in the study is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, where researchers, developers and members of two equestrian clubs co-created a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a transmitter (on the horse) and a receiver (application on a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. Three episodes were extracted from the empirical data and presented in the paper. From these episodes the researchers have identified four characteristics of the spanning of boundaries in co-creation from a boundary practice perspective. One of the contributions in the papers is a description of boundary practicespanning. The research approach adopted in the study is the action case approach.

  • 15.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ulrika, Lundh Snis
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Co-Creation in a Boundary Practice: Lessons Learned from an Engaged Scholarship Approach2013In: 19th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2013): Hyperconnected World: Anything, Anywhere, Anytime, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 15-17 August 2013: Volume 1, Red Hook, N.Y.: Curran Associates, Inc., 2013, p. 757-766Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, Engaged Scholarship is disentangled from a co-creation and boundary practice perspective. The focus is on the attached inside researcher in collaborative basic research and action research project. Within the information systems discipline the intersection between collaborative basic research and action research is not that well explored. An extra interest has been on the transformation of descriptions to proposed actions that takes place in this intersection. From our empirical findings of an Engaged Scholarship project we have identified four lessons learned that could be used as considerations and proposed actions for the attached inside researcher. The lessons learned are derived from four theoretical themes: co-creation, dialogue, boundary practice and boundary objects. The empirical data presented in the article is from a project called Free2Ride, which was a co-creation project between researchers, ICT-developers and members from two equestrian clubs. © (2013) by the AIS/ICIS Administrative Office All rights reserved.

  • 16.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ulrika, Lundh Snis
    Högskolan Väst.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst.
    Exploring brokering situations in an innovation boundary context2011In: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: “IRIS 34 - ICT of Culture – Culture of ICT” / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen & Kai Kimppa, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011, p. 15-Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on studies of a living lab process, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. We aim to describe and analyze the dynamics in an innovation boundary context based on a living lab process. An action-oriented research approach was applied and the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), with the aim of customizing an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where the three different communities i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD), and iii) next of kin’s to demented elderly persons (NOKD) represented the units of analysis. The analysis identified several boundary situations that played a vital role for the innovation process. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a process model describing the dynamics in an innovation boundary context with regard to boundary objects-in-use as well as to brokering. The research highlights two different levels of brokering: i) product/service brokering; and ii) process brokering.

  • 17.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wärja, Magnus
    Institutionen för informatik, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Institutionen för informatik, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    An evaluation of business process model techniques, using Moody’s quality criterion for a good diagram2012In: BIR 2012: Emerging Topics in Business Informatics Research 2012: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on perspectives in business informatics research / [ed] Natalia Aseeva, Eduard Babkin & Oleg Kozyrev, Aachen: Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Lehrstuhl Informatik V , 2012, Vol. 963, p. 54-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex processes have become more common and include, for example, knowledge workers ie people who work with more complex and problematic tasks. Our interest is to better understand how a problematic and complex situation in an organization should be model. Four major process oriented modeling techniques has been analyzed using Moody’s quality criterion for what makes a good model. The findings indicate that there are only one candidate, BPMN, that meets some of Moody’s quality criterion, but there are also weaknesses in BPMN, such as for the criterions; expressiveness and emphasis.

  • 18.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstads University.
    Wärja, Magnus
    Lunds University.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Kristianstads University.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Lunds University.
    Graphical modeling techniques and usefulness in the Model Driven Arcitechture: Which are the criteria for a "good" Computer independent model?2008In: Proceedings of The 31st Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS31), IRIS , 2008, p. 13-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Object Management Group (OMG) has presented a framework for model driven development: Model Driven Architecture (MDA). The departure point of this paper is an interest in process oriented modeling techniques relevant for a computer independent model in the MDA. We searched for the answer on the question what constitutes a "good" computer independent model (CIM). To get an answer we were using OMG:s demands of the modeling techniques that should be used when developing CIMs and found four process oriented modeling techniques which could serve as candidates. These four process oriented modeling techniques is analyzed based by Moody"s quality criterions. The findings indicates that there are only one candidate, BPMN, that meets some of Moody"s quality criterions, but there also drawbacks in BPMN, such as the criterions; expressiveness and emphasis.

  • 19.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Rehnström, Christer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Facilitating students’ learning outcome of business processes using an ERP2014In: 20th Americas conference on information systems (AMCIS 2014): Smart sustainability: the information systems opportunity, Savannah, Georgia, USA, 7-9 August 2014, Atlanta: Association for Information Systems, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recurring problem when teaching Business Process Orientation (BPO) is the difficulty students have connecting conceptual knowledge and procedural knowledge. Literature suggests that one solution is to combine different forms of learning, such as hand-on exposure to enterprise resource planning (ERP) together with traditional teaching. This article presents a three step teaching case designed by the authors in order to explore students' learning outcome by using ERP systems together with BPO. The learning outcome of the students was analysed with a focus on connections between conceptual and procedural knowledge. Using Bloom's revised taxonomy we were able to identify connections between students' conceptual and procedural knowledge together with the cognitive processes of understanding, applying and analysing. The result indicates that applying procedural knowledge in an ERP facilitates the students' ability to understand, analyse and evaluate based on conceptual knowledge such as business process orientation.

  • 20.
    Kjellin, Harald
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Wärja, Magnus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Minimizing the time spent on transformations between computer independent models and platform independent models2008In: Proceedings of The 31st Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS31) / [ed] Viveca Asproth, IRIS , 2008, p. 12-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A well known trade-off effect with modelling is that when it is user friendly it becomes ambiguous and when it has a formal notation, that makes it unambiguous, it becomes less user friendly. A well known solution to this dilemma is to use models on various levels of formalism where the least formalized models are known to be more user friendly and the most formalized models are well suited for being directly translated to program code. This article investigates how the user friendliness at an informal level can be combined with the accuracy needed at a more formal level of modeling. It aims at combining an informal user friendly perspective with a formal developer perspective in order to minimize the time spent on transformation mapping between user friendly models and developer models. Theoretical data and empirical data indicates possibilities of minimizing the work with transformations between models. The results show that a number of developed criteria can be used to secure the user friendliness of models that are used in communications between the designer and the end user.

  • 21.
    Svane, Torben Ernst
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A Business Simulator for Reality Mining2015In: 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Atlanta, Georgia, 2015, p. 3111-3116Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Svane, Torben Ernst
    et al.
    Computer School, Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing, China.
    Minling, Zhu
    Computer School, Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing, China.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Enchanting education from student input: Preparing students to envision and develop in an Internet of Things world2017In: Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE, 2017, Vol. 2017-October, p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Searching for "The Internet of Things" may render thousands of hits in academic databases but a challenge still remains: to let students envision as well as work with the concept in a practical way. Designing "Things for the Internet" will not only require skills in engineering and electronics but also some understanding of digital service design and business models. This paper reports on work in progress between Belgium, Sweden and China. Students with different education backgrounds and levels hand over work (ideas) to others, to develop further. Currently, there are nine open-platform exercises to use as starting points for student work and discussions. Exercises are in English and free to download and use, as are some of the lectures related to them. So far, they are used in a digital service design class and in an introductory course in embedded systems. © 2017 IEEE.

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