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  • 1.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Molina-Castillo, Francisco Jose
    Universidad De Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
    Otero-Neira, Carmen
    University Of Vigo, Vigo, Spain.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Karlsson, Niklas P.E.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Sustainable development—Direct and indirect effects between economic, social, and environmental dimensions in business practices2022Ingår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, E-ISSN 1535-3966, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 1158-1172Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the direct and indirect effects between economic, social and environmental dimensions of triple bottom line (TBL), based on a questionnaire survey and cross-industrial sample in Sweden. The analyses apply partial least squares structural equation models. The study tests the direct and indirect effects between economic, social, and environmental dimensions of TBL and offers additional validity and reliability to establish the measurement and structural properties between the dimensions of TBL. The study extends earlier findings by explicitly discussing how the three TBL goals relate to each other and shows how the dynamic capability view can be a fruitful lens to investigate business sustainability. Some differences in sustainability business practices caused by differences in national cultures are identified. Sustainability reporting in a strong uncertainty avoidance (UA) country happens in accordance with regulations and laws. Conversely, for weak UA cultures, reporting and compliance with regulations are ways to build trust with stakeholders. That is, reporting is more transparent and widespread in weak UA countries. The study also provides a foundation to guide companies' actions of business sustainability. The model shows companies how to establish the order of actions undertaken across economic, social, and environmental dimensions. In addition, it clarifies that the economic dimension exerts an effect on the social and environmental dimensions. The model also grasps long-term economic performance by including competitiveness and brand value, while earlier research mainly has focused on more short-term measurements as return on assets. © 2022 The Authors. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Otero-Neira, Carmen
    University Of Vigo, Vigo, Spain.
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Karlsson, Niklas P. E.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Sustainable development considerations in supply chains: Firms' relationships with stakeholders in their business sustainability practices—A triangular comparison2022Ingår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 1885-1899Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate focal firms' business sustainability relationships in connection with their stakeholders in supply chain networks. A questionnaire survey was sent to a sample consisting of large Swedish firms, with 107 usable questionnaires returned. The results reveal which stakeholders are of interest for firms in sustainability efforts. The results are compared with earlier findings from Norway and Spain in a triangular approach. The former is a similar country, while the latter is different to Sweden in several ways. In addition, the study uncovers which stakeholders in the supply chain network should be considered. The study also demonstrates how firms can implement business sustainability in their supply chain networks and shows the extent to which different stakeholders are considered in sustainability efforts. The study contributes to sustainability research and stakeholder theory in supply chain networks. Opposite to earlier findings, this study showed only minor influences from national culture and institutions on firms' sustainable business practices in supply chain networks. © 2022 The Authors. Business Strategy and The Environment published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 3.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Larsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Emmit, Stephen
    School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Success Factors Related to Industrialized Building in Sweden2014Ingår i: CIB International Conference 2014: W55/65/89/92/96/102/117 & TG72/74/81/83: Construction in a Changing World: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Dilanthi Amaratunga, Richard Haigh, Les Ruddock, Kaushal Keraminiyage, Udayangani Kulatunga & Chaminda Pathirage, Salford: School of the Built Environment, University of Salford , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade there has been intense discussion in Sweden about industrialization in construction. The discussion has focused on industrialization in connection with erection of multi dwelling houses. It has been argued that industrialization is a key factor as regards obtaining affordable high-quality dwellings. During the last ten years some new industrialization concepts have been developed and tested. Even though some concepts have failed others have been more successful and are under further development. Industrialization is a reality within the Swedish construction sector and can be assumed to play an important role in the future as regards obtaining affordable high-quality dwellings. In this paper success factors related to four industrialized building concepts/methods are described and discussed. The review is based on available literature relating to each of the concepts/methods/producers, from which it was possible to ascertain success and failure factors.

  • 4.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    G-CoRe: A pedagogical tool for gender mainstreaming in higher education2020Ingår i: Regendering Science. For an Inclusive Research Environment: PLOTINA Final Conference: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Tullia Gallina Toschi, Angela Balzano & Fransesca Crivellaro, 2020, s. 171-172Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims of the contribution

    The aim of this contribution is to present and further explore a pedagogical tool aiming to enhance gender mainstreaming in teaching and content in higher education.

    Description of the research

    Introduction

    Previous research has demonstrated how teachers often experience gender mainstreaming in higher education (content, design and implementation) as a challenge (Heikkilä and Häyrén Weineståhl, 2009; Lindroth and Bondestam, 2014). In Sweden however, requirements for gender mainstreaming are high both in the Higher Education Act and the evaluations of the quality of higher education undertaken by the Swedish Higher Education Authority. Gender equality and gender mainstreaming are also key quality factors in the universities’ own quality assurance systems.

    Today, there are few methods that support teachers in their efforts with integrating a gender perspective into the teaching content. Hence, the need for scientifically based tools is widespread. In this study we investigate a pedagogical tool (Gender CoRe) that aim to help teachers integrate gender aspects both in the content and the teaching of that content. The main research question for the study is “How do teachers experience Gender CoRe (G- CoRe) as a way to enhance gender mainstreaming in teaching and content in higher education?

    Materials and methods

    Within the subject didactic research, a didactic reflection tool called Content Representations (CoRe) has been developed to support teachers in planning and teaching the content in a way that promotes student learning. Research demonstrates that CoRe is an effective tool for teachers to develop their ability to communicate content in a way that provides successful learning situations for students. When using CoRe, the teacher formulates a number of Big Ideas, important phenomena or concepts, within a specific subject area. Each of these Big Ideas is reflected on a number of pedagogical prompts e.g. what students need to learn and why, as well as students' possible difficulties in understanding the concepts (e.g. Nilsson and Karlsson, 2019; Nilsson and Elm, 2017; Hume and Berry, 2010, 2013; Loughran et. al., 2006). Based on this didactic research, researchers at Halmstad University, Sweden, have developed a so-called G-CoRe (Gender CoRe) where teachers are supposed to formulate Big Ideas and reflect on how it may be possible to integrate gender equality into the content.

    During 2019-2020, five teachers at Halmstad University, Sweden, used the Gender CoRe for planning content where a gender perspective was included. In this presentation we present a case of how one of the five teachers (a teacher within the Construction Engineering programme) experienced the use of G-CoRe to integrate gender aspects, both in the content of and the actual teaching performance; What were perceived as possibilities and challenges with the G-CoRe? How could the G-CoRe be further developed to enable teachers in their work with gender mainstreaming?

    Results

    In the data collected on teachers ́ experience of using G-CoRe there were several examples of how the G-CoRe was experienced as valuable as a reflective tool to integrate gender aspects in the content and teaching. In the particular case presented here the teacher in Construction Engineering highlighted the strength of the G-CoRe as it focuses on and describes their abilities and also their challenges in the classroom while working with gender mainstreaming in the classroom. Further, with the help of the G-CoRe, the teachers can reason together and think about what different gender aspects within the content they need to identify and implement within their teaching. It appeared that using a G-CoRe design encouraged collaborative discussion and reflection about integrating gender aspects when teaching certain big ideas linked to a topic. As such, our findings suggest that the G-CoRe has potential to overcome some of the challenges that many teachers experience in their efforts to integrate a gender perspective in their higher education practice.

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  • 5.
    Isaksson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle.
    G-core as an innovative tool to support reflection in a higher education online course2022Ingår i: ICERI2022 Proceedings: 15th International conference of education, research and innovation. November 7th-9th, 2022 Seville, Spain / [ed] Luis Gómez Chova; López Martínez; Joanna Lees, Valencia: IATED Academy , 2022, s. 4466-4473Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Online-learning has been of growing use in higher education to meet needs of more flexible ways of developing knowledge and skills. However, online modules require careful considerations regarding content and opportunities for participants to reflect and interact with the teacher and the course-material. Teachers also need to support students with high quality material, respond to students´ assignments and encourage deep reflection and discussion concerning course content. Online teaching provides opportunities for participants to access course content in a flexible way [1]. This study regards a higher education online course in gender mainstreaming aiming to support university teachers to integrate a gender perspective into the teaching content. Previous research has demonstrated teachers experiencing gender mainstreaming in higher education as a challenge [2], which is why we in this course used a reflective tool (CoRe) developed from science education research [3] to support participants´ reflection on how to integrate gender aspects. The content for teaching is formulated through Big Ideas and reflected in pedagogical prompts e.g., what is to be learnt and why, as well as possible difficulties in understanding the content. In the online module we developed a G-CoRe (Gender CoRe) where participants reflect on how to integrate gender aspects into the teaching content. The participants accessed the online material in a flexible way, enabling creation of their own learning journey. The course lacks discussion forum and/or online interaction with other participants, components often considered crucial for online learning in developing the students’ abilities to discuss and reflect [4]. However, in this course, the G-CoRe was used to promote critical thinking and reflection in other ways. The design of the G-CoRe includes individual thinking and reflection, feedback from at least one colleague and then a revision of the G-CoRe and a recorded oral reflection. Here, we report findings when five university teachers used the G-CoRe in the online course. The result indicates the G-CoRe as a valuable tool to stimulate reflection and student-centered learning in relation to the integration of gender aspects in the content and teaching. Even if the online course did not include “traditional” discussion forums, the G-CoRe design encouraged reflection among participants. As such, our findings suggest that a reflective tool such as G-CoRe has the potential to stimulate student-centered online learning to overcome some of the challenges that many teachers experience in their efforts to integrate a gender perspective in their higher education practice. © Copyright 2022, IATED Academy

  • 6.
    Karlsson, Niklas P.E.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    A cross-country comparison and validation of firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices2018Ingår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 408-424Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and validate firms’ internal and external stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices across business settings. It aims to assess the validity and reliability of a stakeholder framework appearing in previous studies.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a questionnaire survey and a cross-industry sample consisting of the largest firms in corporate Sweden. Multivariate analysis tests the stakeholder framework. Each of the 294 key informants was initially identified and contacted by telephone, generating a response rate of 36.5 per cent.

    Findings: The tested stakeholder framework appears valid and reliable across countries to assess the internal stakeholders of focal firms, as well as their up- and downstream, market and societal stakeholders. This study provides additional empirical support to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices.

    Research limitations/implications: This study validates previous findings in terms of Swedish firms’ considerations of internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices in relation to one similar country (Norway) and one different country (Spain). The study also shows how the three countries perceive the focal company and societal stakeholders differently. Practical implications: The tested framework sheds light on focal firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices and elucidates the extent to which firms’ account for their internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices.

    Originality/value: This study contributes to the development of valid and reliable stakeholder theory across contexts and through time. In particular, it contributes to the development of a valid and reliable framework to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 7. Koch, Christian
    et al.
    Lindgren, John
    Shahid, Hira
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Institutional forces in reporting practice – effects of sustainability and the EU-taxonomy on the Swedish Real Estate Market2022Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores institutional forces in sustainability reporting (SR) practice, adopting an institutional field approach to an emerging field of sustainable real estate reporting of sustainable investments through the EU taxonomy, over-layering the mature exchange field of the real estate business. We study 29 listed real estate companies in Sweden and their process towards the first taxonomy reporting spring 2022. Three companies are obliged to report their future coverage of the legislation, while 14 report voluntary and 3 choose to report their degree of sustainability, thus showing clear elements of an emerging institutional field, and its active dynamics even where law is not obligatory. Similarly, the companies’ status of sustainability was evaluated from 2022 and previous years’ annual reports, shows that 16 appear to follow each other closely, 9 companies attempt to take a leading position while only 2 appear to attempt to downplay sustainability. Annual reports tend to have a character of mechanical compliance where new insight produced by taxonomy reporting is merely juxtaposed to other reporting standards, such as Greenhouse Gas Protocol. Only one company appear to attempt to establish crosscutting learning from the many sources of evaluation the different standards and legislation represent. Moreover, legislation is likely to have limited effect as the real estate companies are only limited dependent of Bank loans, having a series of other financial means at their disposal. Many companies also had their strongest financial year in 2021 and the timing of the arrival of a financial control instrument is less opportune. 

  • 8.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Karlsson, Niklas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Re-testing and validating a triple bottom line dominant logic for business sustainability2019Ingår i: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 518-537Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The triple bottom line (TBL) is still commonly explored in research without joint consideration of economic, social and environmental elements of business sustainability (BS). The purpose of this paper is to re-test and validate a BS framework based on the TBL approach.This study is based on a questionnaire survey consisting of the largestfirms in corporate Sweden. A total of 107 usable questionnaires were ultimately received, for a response rate of 36.5 percent. The findings validate and extend a framework of a TBL-dominant logic for BS. A total of 19 dimensions indicating satisfactory validity and reliability of the BS framework were identified. The BS framework offers relevant insights to monitor and assess a TBL-dominant logic for BS. It also provides opportunities for further research. Managers can use the BS framework as a tool to map firm priorities in connection with BS. Each dimension of the BS framework offers insights into how to monitor and assess firms’ efforts in the TBL.This study contributes to validate and extend the TBL-dominant logic for BS. The BS framework also offers a timely and relevant contribution to both scholars and practitioners engaging in business sustainability. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 9.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Developing and diffusing a timber-based multi-storey housing system: Moving towards offsite manufacturing2019Ingår i: Offsite Production and Manufacturing for Innovative Construction: People, Process and Technology / [ed] Jack S. Goulding; Farzad Pour Rahimian, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 490-514Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Diffusing systemic innovations: Influencing factors, approaches and further research2016Ingår i: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 19-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about innovation diffusion in construction has considered systemic innovations to a minor extent. Systemic innovations are inter-organizational, relational and require a coordinated change in processes. Systemic innovations like Building Information Modeling and industrialized housing are on the move forward and systemic innovations can be considered important to diffuse within the construction sector. Most likely, they provide great impact on productivity in construction. The aim of this paper is to discuss factors influencing the diffusion of systemic innovations, approaches and areas for future studies. Previous research on systemic innovations is complemented with inter-organizational research in construction and research using the Industrial Network Approach. Of the many factors influencing the diffusion a key seems to relate to long-term relationships since they enable development and learning necessary for diffusion. The main complexities are also related to the project-based work method in combination with different degrees of interdependencies: in projects, between projects and within the construction chain. In turn this has effects on interaction between individuals. Further research should preferably be conducted with broad approaches that validate and nuance current constructs, capture the dynamics in the diffusion process and thereby add understanding for the diffusion of systemic innovations. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

  • 11.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Diffusion of systemic innovations in the construction sector2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The amount of research dealing with innovation has increased dramatically, construction management research included. This thesis focuses on innovations with inter-organizational effects, systemic innovations, which may radically change and improve the construction process. The overall aim of the thesis is to contribute understanding of diffusion of systemic innovations in the construction sector through the study of two different types of systemic innovations, Building Information Management and Multi-Story Housing in Timber (MSHT). It explores what facilitates and hinders innovation diffusion, with a special focus on knowledge integration and mechanisms used in the diffusion process and their effects on knowledge development. The studies conducted were made in a Swedish context related to two separate companies work with diffusing the innovations, using a broad approach with different data collection methods.

    The research departures in the interplay between the innovation content, context and process through which diffusion take place, displaying differences in how diffusion precedes and is affected. Where organizations are situated in the construction process and their ability to control the diffusion process is influential and diffusion is affected by established traditions and work procedures. For MSHT other structural materials form obstacles, while for BIM it is established work procedures and methods. Environmental pressure drives diffusion of MSHT and both innovations are supported by active clients. Diffusion also requires financial resources depending on the size of investment and associated risks. The cases show advantages with moving activities from projects into a continuous business that delivers to projects, where simplifying implementation is central. Mainly due to complexity, developing in steps enables simplifications and adjustments towards users in a controlled manner. MSHT to a higher degree depends on performing real projects for development and diffusion than BIM, which can be tested to a larger extent before diffusing into the real environment. MSHT in particular show a difference in relation to many traditional models of innovation and innovation diffusion where tests are assumed possible.

    The research relates to and has emphasized interaction and dynamics in the diffusion process and has provided additional understanding for managing complexity in the diffusion process. Projects are the most crucial knowledge integration mechanism with many underlying mechanisms, since they are a result of the development and show consequences of work performed. The applicability of codified knowledge in combination with more interactionintensive mechanisms has been shown and the introduction of the knowledge type’s domain-specific, procedural and general knowledge, complementing the current use of tacit and explicit knowledge, has provided additional understanding for diffusion and related knowledge flows. There are however differences in how knowledge types develop for the innovations. General knowledge is more influencing for BIM, while MSHT is about developing domain-specific knowledge. MSHT is about learning something new, while for BIM it is about re-learning. Findings show relevance in both using and developing the framework of innovation in organizations by Rogers (2003) for future diffusion studies in construction management research as well as the necessity of developing knowledge concerning implementation.

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  • 12.
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Exploring effects of the interplay of context, content and process for supplier innovation diffusionManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the interplay between innovation content, innovation context and the innovation diffusion process in a reinforcement supplier's work with diffusing different types of innovations. An important part is to gain understanding of what facilitates and complicates innovation diffusion in the construction industry context from a supplier perspective. The interpretative research presented builds on 28 semistructured interviews with the supplier and its customers and document studies. Three types of innovations were studied to explore how the dimensions innovation content, innovation context and the innovation process interacts in the diffusion process. The findings provide details concerning how the dimensions interact, influencing factors and how the diffusion process may unfold over time. It provides an example of how dynamics and detail in the diffusion process can be captured and the approach can be with additional concepts and frameworks. Besides the supplier perspective and the inter-organizational setting, it also emphasizes the necessity of researching the innovation process and how it may differ depending on the impact on affected parties.

  • 13.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Emmitt, Stephen
    Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.
    Diffusion of a systemic innovation: A longitudinal case study of a Swedish multi-storey timber housebuilding system2017Ingår i: Construction Innovation, ISSN 1471-4175, E-ISSN 1477-0857, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 25-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify factors that influence the diffusion of a systemic innovation in the Swedish construction sector. The focus is on high-rise multi-storey timber housing; the development of which was enabled by a change in building regulations. This allowed building higher than two stories in timber.

    Design/methodology/approach - A longitudinal case study was used with multiple data collection methods to study the development and diffusion of a multi-storey timber house system by a case study organisation.

    Findings - The findings contribute to understanding for a number of interacting factors influencing the diffusion of a systemic innovation related to the case study organisation.

    Originality/value - The research provides a holistic view of interacting factors influencing the diffusion of a systemic innovation. The results have value to the Swedish construction sector and to the global community of construction researchers, as it provides empirical findings that further increase the understanding for diffusion of systemic innovations in a specific context. 

    © Emerald Publishing Limited

  • 14.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Emmitt, Stephen
    Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Construction projects as mechanisms for knowledge integration: mechanisms and effects when diffusing a systemic innovation2018Ingår i: Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, ISSN 0969-9988, E-ISSN 1365-232X, Vol. 25, nr 11, s. 1516-1533Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The aim of this research is to study knowledge integration (KI) when diffusing a systemic innovation. The objectives are to understand what mechanisms are used, and when and what their effects are in terms of knowledge development.

    Design/Methodology/Approach - The method comprised a longitudinal case study which followed a firm’s attempts to develop and diffuse a timber multi-storey building system (the systemic innovation) over a number of projects.

    Findings - The findings emphasize actual projects as the most crucial activity for KI and when and why soft personalization mechanisms and codified knowledge should be mixed.  Furthermore, it shows how different types of knowledge is built up including construction process effects over a series of projects.

    Research limitations/implications -  The research contributes with knowledge about mechanisms for the diffusion of a specific systemic innovation type and provides input regarding mechanisms to use. The introduction of the concepts ‘domain-specific’, ‘procedural’ and ‘general knowledge’ into construction has increased understanding of innovation diffusion and knowledge flows and where and how they are integrated.

    Practical Implications – The research shows how knowledge develops and through which mechanisms, and where problems occur. Construction organisations can learn from this to avoid mistakes and potentially better understand how to manage knowledge to diffuse a systemic innovation.

    Originality/value - The research provides insight into systemic innovation diffusion over a series of projects and focuses on both projects and the construction process. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 15.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Isaksson, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    INTERACTIVE PROJECT-BASED TEACHING: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF THE COMING GENERATIONS OF STUDENTS2024Ingår i: Education and new developments / [ed] Mafalda Carmo, Rua Tomas Ribeiro, 45, 1º D, 1050-225 Lisboa, Portugal: inScience Press, 2024, Vol. 1, s. 213-217Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiences from the authors' teaching indicate that students are becoming less focused on educational exploration and critical thinking. In parallel, Broo, Kaynak, and Sait (2022) highlight that future engineers must be fluent in different technologies, methods, and methodologies. Hence, the fast changes that take place require a highly dynamic capability among the workforce of tomorrow, which is opposite to many students' behavior in teaching and courses. This sheds light on Project Based Learning, in its essence, student-centred and with a dynamic approach to teaching where students study real-world problems and challenges (Kokotsaki, Menzies, et al. 2016). Similarities exist with Problem-based earning, where complex real-world problems are also at the centre to promote student learning. Bothhese concepts can promote the development of critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities,communication skills, and the possibility of working in groups (see, for example, De Graaf and Kolmos, 2003). This research report documented experiences involved in moving from a more traditional teaching approach into a more project-based approach regarding a course in construction management, undertaken four times with a new structure in which a problem-based approach was developed. One of the key issues at hand with the course was to develop it and stimulate students interest in the course subject, i.e., intrinsic motivation (Entwistle, 2009), motivation that comes from “interest in what is being learned and feelings of pleasure derived from it” (pp 20), and not from external rewards (extrinsic motivation). Based on previous experiences from project-based learning, course material has been developed in four rounds, where each course provided feedback to develop the course further. The course focused on an already conducted construction project, which was modified for each round so the students could create new frames for the project. Feedback was received during the course, and individually, students at the end of the course provided feedback to coming rounds. The results from this development show interesting challenges in teaching regarding the balance between showing results from the actual project vs. stimulation of creativity among students, with a clear conclusion that age, and work experience positively affect how the students execute the projects. It also directly shows the significance of the course framing and the variation of project set-ups in the course. Our findings also show values in PBL for students’ ability to handle changes in a world with many insecure influences.   

  • 16.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Koch, Christian
    Aarhus University, Department of Business and Technology, Herning, Denmark.
    Does industrialised housing drive sustainable transition? Swedish experiences2021Ingår i: Proceedings of the 37th Annual ARCOM Conference / [ed] Lloyd Scott; Christopher J. Neilson, Leeds: Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2021, s. 714-723Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrialised Housebuilding (IH) in Sweden have grown within Multi-Storey Housing made of Timber (MSHT) and most of the producers rely on this approach. Business models for Industrialised Housebuilding, often start with prefabrication. With the rapid growth of sustainability demands and circular construction as an uprising theme, a central question is, what is the sustainability element in Swedish industrialized housebuilders business models regarding MSHT? Sustainable transition theory is adopted. The method is a desk study of existing research, websites, annual reports and other material. The sustainability element in the business models of industrialized house builders is explored, with focus on circular construction. MSHT is described as reducing environmental impact compared to concrete and provides social values, enabling its diffusion, however with less apparent cost advantages. However, with the growth of circular thinking, IH may have potential to further develop. The findings show that sustainability is overall present in the development of IH within MSHT, where the companies show a homogenous picture with varying challenges and contribute to sustainable transition. Regarding circular construction, the study shows potential in additional steps needed from a life-cycle perspective. © 2021 Proceedings of the 37th Annual ARCOM Conference, ARCOM 2021. All Rights Reserved.

  • 17.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Diffusing BIM – knowledge integration mechanisms and their effects2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing products and services / [ed] Nebil Achour, Tampere: Tampere University of Technology , 2016, Vol. 5, s. 832-843Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building Information Modelling (BIM) has for a number of years been seen as a systemic inter-organizational innovation that will have great impact on the efficiency of the construction process as a whole. In this study both successful and unsuccessful attempts to diffuse a BIM-service in the construction sector by a building material manufacturer has been studied through multiple data collection methods. Of special interest has been in what ways knowledge has been integrated, i.e. what mechanisms has been used in the case, since it is a key area for diffusion, and this is described and discussed.  Furthermore, the contextual characteristics of the construction sector have been highlighted as influential on diffusion, especially when it comes to areas such as learning, flow of knowledge and feedback loops. Therefore, the context of the different cases and in what ways this affects the knowledge integration process is also described and discussed.

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  • 18.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Diffusing building information management: knowledge integration, mechanisms and knowledge development2017Ingår i: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589, Vol. 14, nr 5, s. 347-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building Information Management (BIM) is a systemic inter-organizational innovation predicted to have a great impact on the efficiency of the construction process. An enabler for its diffusion is knowledge integration (KI). This research investigates KI mechanisms used by a Concrete Reinforcement Supplier and its customers in the diffusion of BIM and BIM-related solutions. The research employs a qualitative approach with multiple data-collection methods at two different points in time. BIM diffusion and KI are viewed here as emergent and iterative processes, understood from a supplier perspective. The research examines the interaction between context, content of the diffusing innovation and the diffusion process. Knowledge development from the KI process has been assessed by exploring the interaction between (1) domain-specific knowledge, (2) procedural knowledge and (3) general knowledge, complementing the established emphasis on tacit and explicit knowledge found in relevant construction management research. The findings indicate that general knowledge needs to be high for increased BIM diffusion and the research raises the need to develop procedural knowledge both from a practical and research perspective. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 19.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Exploring the dynamics of supplier innovation diffusion2019Ingår i: 10th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization / [ed] Lill, I. & Witt, E., Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, Vol. 2, s. 221-228Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to focus on a reinforcement supplier’s efforts to diffuse solutions, more or less innovative, in the construction sector to gain understanding of what facilitates and complicates innovation diffusion from a supplier perspective.

    Design/Methodology/Approach – The interpretative research presented builds on 28 semi-structured interviews with the supplier and its customers and document studies. The research emphasizes dynamics in the diffusion process and rests on the assumption that the innovation content, innovation context and the innovation process interacts in the diffusion process.

    Findings – The findings and the contribution from the study provide significant details concerning how the dimensions interact and how the diffusion process may unfold over time, but also that different solutions interact to push diffusion forward.

    Research Limitations/Implications – The study relates to one supplier’s work and the interplay implies uniqueness in different cases. Studies in other contexts could, therefore, also be suitable to develop findings and their transferability.

    Practical Implications – The study provides understanding for suppliers diffusing innovations in construction on how to act.

    Originality/Value – A major contribution from the study is that it puts emphasis on how the diffusion process proceeds in interaction with its content and context and problematizes this dimension. Furthermore, the importance of nuancing sub-contexts to display decisive factors in the diffusion process is emphasized. © John Lindgren and Kristian Widén.

  • 20.
    Lindgren, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Winkler, Charlotta
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Bosch-Sijtsema, Petra
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Developing innovation capabilities in client-driven innovationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction sector is experiencing a significant need to reduce energy demand and fossil fuel dependency, stressing the need to implement energy innovations to meet this need. This research examines one client’s implementation of four energy innovations in projects and their strategy for long-term sustainable development. The focus is on how innovation capability is achieved and developed through activities characterised by exploration and exploitation in these projects. Twenty-six interviews were conducted with client representatives and project partners from the four projects. The study shows that innovation capabilities are developed through activities both in and across projects, transforming exploration into exploitation. Such activities include discussions with external actors on innovation-related challenges before projects, incorporating R&D in projects, and creating feedback loops during projects. A long-term overview of the projects shows how the realisation of the client strategy is enabled by formal and informal activities, and supports the maintenance of long-term partnerships and the continuous development of innovation capabilities from both successful and unsuccess-ful implementations in projects over time.

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