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  • 1.
    Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Linge, Else Charlotte "Lotta"
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Tioåringars kompetens och levnadsförhållanden1998Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Linge, Else Charlotte "Lotta"
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Handlingsmönster1998In: 10-åringer i Norden: Kompetanse, risiko og oppvekstmiljø / [ed] Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth & Ogden, Terje, Köpenhamn: Nordisk Ministerråd , 1998, p. 171-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Linge, Else Charlotte "Lotta"
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Humorn som bemästringsstrategi1997In: Barn och humor / [ed] Gunnar Berefelt, Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning, Univ. , 1997, Vol. 27, p. 85-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Linge, Else Charlotte "Lotta"
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Utvecklingssamtal: Erfarenheter från Lunds universitet 19981998Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hospital clowns - in the care of ailing children2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hospital clowns working in pairs - in synchronized communication with ailing children2008In: The 5th Nordic Interdisciplinary Conference On Qualitative Methods in the Service of Health ‘‘Qualitative Research in Healthcare Practice: Challenges in Methodology and Implementation’’, Järfälla: Co-Action Publishing , 2008, p. 38-38Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hospital clowns working in pairs - in synchronized communication with ailing children2008In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 27-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to gain a deeper understanding of the work of some hospital clowns with ailing children. What distinctive features and working methods can be seen in the hospitals clowns' work? The approach taken involved an interview study with 13 hospital clowns, 10 women, and 3 men, between 30 and 60 years of age. The study was qualitative in design and took a hermeneutic approach. The analysis of data included descriptive and theoretical analyses. The descriptive analysis showed that the clowns' strategy of working in pairs enables them to treat the child with empathy and to acknowledge the child in a sensitive manner. The theoretical analysis of hospital clowns' method of working in pairs indicated: (a) a relational pattern, characterized by empathic preparedness: to capture and shelter the current affect climate, to express various child and adult positions, as well as to cognitively process and return, if appropriate, a humoristic message in a "digestible, humoristic form" and (b) a communication pattern, characterized by balanced synchronization of body language and verbal expressions, in terms of pace as well as conformability, which in optimal cases gives rise to an enhanced feeling of presence and mutuality in the communication process between the hospital clowns and the child. The humoristic communication between the hospital clowns and the child worked to create an open space for play-a space in which all affects were allowed. The discussion concerned possible forms of this working method (working in pairs) that function optimally with regard to relational and communication patterns. The discussion also addressed the psychological value of hospital clowns' work with ailing children, as seen from the perspective of the hospital clowns.

  • 8.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Humor i ett hälso- och livsstilsperspektiv2010In: Hälsa och livsstil: Forskning och praktiska tillämpningar / [ed] Hallberg, Lillemor R-M., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, p. 329-350Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Linge, Lotta
    Tillämpad psykologi, Lunds universitet.
    Humor och Barn - Utvecklingspsykologiska aspekter på humorns funktion: Doktorsavhandling vid Lunds universitet1993Book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Humor-intoning – en kommunikation med affekter2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Joy without demands: Hospital clowns in the world of ailing children2011In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to achieve, using an affect theory approach (Tomkins, 1962; 1963; 1991), a deeper theoretical understanding of the psychological significance of hospital clowns´work in caring for ailing children viewed from a care-giver perspective. The methodological approach was qualitative and based on 20 interviews with healthcare staff: 3 men and 17 women. The result showed how the staff emphasized a psychological quality of care alongside the physical quality of care. The hospital clowns´"unexpected possibility" provided a safe area for recovery, for both the childrren and the staff. The theoretical interpretation showed the presence of the affects surprise/startle, interest/excitement, and enjoyment/joy, as well as specifically how "joy without demands" often had a lingering effects in the form of vitality. Joy without demands is discussed in relation to psychological theory with emphasis on: a confirmation of the body´s possibilities, a magical attachment, a chance to transcend boundaries, and a non-demanding situation.

  • 12.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Joyful and serious intentions in the work of hospital clowns: A meta-analysis based on a 7-year research project conducted in three parts2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, article id 18907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present meta-analysis focuses on a 7-year research project entitled "Hospital clowns-in encounters with ailing children" and funded by the Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation. The aim of the meta-analysis, which is based on the project's three studies, was to attempt to achieve a deeper psychological and more nuanced understanding of the unique encounters taking place between the hospital clowns and ailing children in the study. The methodological procedures were qualitative and included 51 interviews with four informant groups: the clowns, staff, children, and their parents. The meta-analysis revealed the unique aspects of hospital clowns' work with respect to: a) a quality of care that transcends boundaries, that is, a magical safe area where demands and adjustment were temporarily set aside and where the lighter side of life took precedence; b) a non-demanding quality of care, where joy could be experienced without requiring something in return, where the child's terms mattered and where the child perspective was clearly in focus; and c) a defusing quality of care, which is expressed as a positive counterweight that was otherwise lacking in medical care, where the hospital clowns used different solutions that bypassed regular hospital routines by temporarily distracting and making things easier for the children, parents, and staff in various care situations. Finally, the aim of the theoretical framework, in its synthesizing form, was to promote further psychological understanding of the area of humor that exists between fantasy and reality-an intermediate or transitional area that the hospital clowns created together with the children. In this transitional area, the hospital clowns' unique contribution can be interpreted, in psychological terms, as being available as a vicarious therapeutic clown figure in a magical world that parallels reality.

  • 13.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Magical attachment: Children in magical relations with hospital clowns2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 7, p. 1-8, article id 11862Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to achieve a theoretical understanding of several different-age children´s experiences of magic relations with hospital clowns in the context of medical care, and to do so using psychological theory and a child perspective. The method used was qualitative and focused on nine children. The results showed that age was important to consider in better understanding how the children experienced the relation with the hospital clowns, how they described the magical aspects of the encounter and how they viewed the importance of clown encounters to their own well-being. The present theoreetical interpretation characterized the encounter with hospital clowns as a magical safe area, an intermediate area between fantasy and reality. The discussion presented a line of reasoning concerning a magical attachment between the child and the hospital clowns, stating that this attachment: a) comprised a temporary relation; b) gave anonymity; c) entailed reversed roles; and d) created an emotional experience of boundary-transcending opportunities.

  • 14.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Med fokus på sjukhusclowner - ett vårdgivarperspektiv2010In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 264-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study was aimed at evaluation of the hospital clowns´work from the perspective of medical staff. The methodological approach entailed in-depth interviews with twenty professionals working at different hospitals in Sweden. The results showed specific patterns in the work of the hospital clowns with an emphasis on the joyful side of life. Interpretation of a value of the hospital clowns´work revealed an underlying meaning in the development of positive attitudes toward life in the ailing children. The clowns´work also facilitated the staff interactions with their patients and improved a quality of support and assistance to them.

  • 15.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sjukhusclowner: i kommunikation med sjuka barn2007In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 181-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to gain a deeper understanding of the work of hospital clowns - in their communication with child patients. The methodological approach entailed an interview study with thirteen hospital clowns, working at different hospitals in Sweden. The results showed specific patterns in the communication involving synchronicity of movement patterns and not forcing the speed of non-verbal communication. Interpretation of the value of this kind of communication revealed a deeper psychological meaning, mamely the positive attitudes toward life in the child patients, the empathic attitudes of the hospital clowns and the hopeful and facilitating attitudes of the staff.

  • 16.
    Linge, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The function of humor in relation to affects: A longitudinal case study2006In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 167-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to try to understand humor´s function, viewed from a developmental and affect-theoretical perspective, with special emphasis on the shame affect. The methodological approach has entailed a case study, the case of Beatus, which has been a longitudinal attempt based on qualitative interview data collected over a period of 17 years. The findings showed how awareness of humor in relation to the affects´function (appropriateness in time and space) and importance (clarity at the signal level) increased as Beatus grew older. The metaphor "door-opener" is emphasized for humor´s function in relation to all affects, Whereas the metaphor "moderator" refers to humor´s role in balancing the shame affect against the positive affects. The "pendulation function" is stressed. In the theeoretical deicussion, the term "humor-attunement" is coind. This represents a process-related concept, defined as a capacity to share inner affective states, intergrated with a cognitive perception and understanding of humor´s content and form, appropriately timed to the social context. The discussion also advances a line of thought wherein the driving force or motivation is the affect and humor is the consequence, which guides attention in a particular direction. © 2006 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

1 - 16 of 16
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