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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Luthra, Renee
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Hurtig, Peter
    Research and Development, Misa AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Employer attitudes toward hiring persons with disabilities: A vignette study in Sweden2015In: Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, ISSN 1052-2263, E-ISSN 1878-6316, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 41-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are often far removed from the labour market and research shows that employers’ negative attitudes toward persons with disabilities create a barrier to attaining employment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate Swedish employers’ experiences and attitudes toward hiring persons with various disabilities. METHODS: A vignette method with accompanying questions was used. A total of 212 employers, who were actively seeking to hire, were recruited via an online employment site and participated in the study. RESULTS: The results indicated that there is some interest for employers to hire persons with disabilities and that this depended on the type of disability a person has. Other results demonstrated that previous experience of employing persons with disabilities was linked to greater interest in hiring, that employers had greater interest to hire than they thought other employers had, and that openness about the disability was deemed as an important factor in the hiring process. CONCLUSION: The novelty of this study is its use of a vignette design to investigate employers’ attitudes in Sweden. Moreover, the results are much in line with international research. This contributes to knowledge and development of increasing employment for persons with disabilities. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Luthra, Renee
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Young adults with intellectual disability who arenot in employment, education, or daily activities: Family situation and its relation to occupational status2019In: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In the modern labour market entering and maintaining employment is challenging for youth in general. Young adults with intellectual disability face major difficulties in establishing an occupation. A substantial group of young adults with intellectual disability who are Not in Employment, Education or Daily activity (NEED) have been identified. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse the family situation for those who are NEED.

    Materials and methods: A national database with 12,269 persons was used, where 24.1% (N = 2,955) of the total were NEED. Family situation in terms of civil status, having children, and living with one’s parents, along with background factors were examined.

    Results: Family situation and background factors have significant associations with not having, as opposed to having, an occupation (employment, education, or daily activity), but differ for men and women. For example, partnerships and having children were only significant for women.

    Conclusions: This study contributes to the multidimensionality in understanding young people with intellectual disability who are not participating in traditional occupations, where the family situation is an important aspect. This knowledge can contribute to future research and be useful in practice to develop holistic supports that increase participation in occupations.

  • 3.
    Luthra, Renee
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Westberg, Niklas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Living with Disability Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    After upper secondary school: Young adults with intellectual disability not involved in employment, education or daily activity in Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 50-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited knowledge about young persons with intellectual disability who are Not in Employment, Education or Daily activity (NEED) in Sweden. The aim of the study was to explore the post-upper secondary school situation for persons with intellectual disability not involved in traditional occupations. A national database containing 2955 persons, representing 24.1% of the total (N=12,269) was used. The results revealed a heterogeneous group where financial support was common and few made use of disability services. Gender, municipality, programme type, financial support and disability services were significantly associated with not having an occupation as opposed to being in employment, education or daily activity. Time was a central factor, as the early years after upper secondary school appear to be an important period for changing NEED status. This is the first large scale study to describe these persons not involved in traditional occupations in Sweden and further research is required.

  • 4.
    Luthra, Renee
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Westberg, Niklas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). La Trobe University, School of Allied Health, Living with Disability Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia.
    ‘Just Because One has Attended a Special Class Does Not Mean that One Isn’t Capable’: The Experiences of Becoming and Being Not Involved in Traditional Occupations for Young People with Intellectual Disability2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young adults with intellectual disability face challenges in securing post-secondary school occupations. This can result in being Not in Employment, Education, or Daily activity (NEED). This qualitative interview study analyzes the subjective experiences of the process to becoming and being NEED. The analysis focuses on individual as well as structural factors, and how these are experienced in different arenas in society and in interactions with agencies. Interviews with 10 participants followed by thematic analysis were conducted. The results indicate that the process from secondary school to being outside of traditional occupations is not linear. Individual factors such as desires, abilities, and health problems, combined with structural factors of limited or unsuitable post-school occupations and challenges with formal support contribute to understanding people with intellectual disability who are NEED. The experiences of being NEED relate to social exclusion underlined with notions of normality and stigmatization of having an intellectual disability.

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