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  • 1.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). The Swedish Institute for North American Studies (SINAS), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Peace in Cyberspace Will Not Take Place2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing debate whether cyberwar exists or not is odd and to large extent based on an Industrial age view of the definition of war. The ongoing digital revolution ends the industrial age and it was in the context of the industrial age that the Clausewitzian theories of war were defined. The industrial age was built upon machines and physical objects, and the theories of war in this era were also based on these elements. However, when the importance of physical values is vanishing and replaced by other values, as information and knowledge, the fundamental elements of war in the industrial age becomes week. An extension of the theories of war in the information age is that destruction of digital assets is representing the same element of violence, if it potentially cripples an enemy to defeat. When a society’s valuable assets are in the digital form and not necessarily even present within the geographical area of a sovereign state one maybe have to reconsider the understanding of war. This paper explores the discourse framing war in the information age, and conducts a discussion on how to define peace and war in cyberspace, especially in the context of digital violence.

  • 2.
    Norell Pejner, Margaretha
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lundström, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ourique de Morais, Wagner
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Laurell, Hélène
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Isaksson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Smart medication organizer – one way to promote self-management and safety in drug administration in elderly people2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM).
    George W. Bush: en (r)evolution i amerikansk utrikespolitik?2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This PhD dissertation sets out to deepen our understanding of American foreign policy and to place the George W. Bush administration, its world view, ideology and war on terror in a historical perspective. The question is if George W. Bush should be regarded as a revolution in American foreign policy or as a continuum of the policies of previous administrations? This is answered by the construction of a historical synthesis, based on a vast amount of literature about American foreign policy, with the addition of primary empirical data such as historical documentation, speeches, policy documents and interviews.

            The study finds that there are certain core ideas in American foreign policy that were formulated already when the country was established, and that still are primary driving forces for how administrations in Washington act and react. The absolute core ideas are exceptionalism and self ownership. These concepts have since evolved and mutually reinforced each other over time, and ideas such as vulnerability, absolute security, manifest destiny and mission have been tied to their essence. These concepts, coupled with the actual economic success and territorial expansion that America experienced during the 19th century, created a progressive continuity. This in turn, led to a commonly shared notion among political administrations that they should seize every opportunity to expand American spheres of influence. Major historical breaking points have appeared four times in American history. This has happened during periods when internal and external contexts have gone through changes which have coincided with the evolvement of the core ideas. It is consequently possible to define four different periods in American history where George W. Bush should be regarded as a part of the fourth phase. Much in the same way as previous Presidents have seized the opportunity to expand American power, did George W. Bush seized the opportunity to enlarge America’s role in the world system after 9.11 2001. Most of George W. Bush’s decisions, actions and ideas are consequently a continuum of previous politics and a part of an evolution in American foreign policy that has expanded - from a political project to secure freedom for the American people - to a global mission of establishing an Imperium Americana. His time in office should therefore be regarded as both a continuum and a revolution: a r-evolution.

  • 4.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Putting out fire with gasoline – are lessons learned from the past or will hardline hawks and liberal interventionists continue to lead the future in US Foreign Policy?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the world’s far most important superpower, the U.S. has the leading role in international relations in a foreseeable future, thus exposed to various ‘new’ and complex challenges. But although numerous research point out that the “war on terror” has been counterproductive, namely made the US less safe, created more anti-American sentiment and instability, many influential think-tanks and significant security advisers are now criticizing the present administration for being weak. By using similar arguments as in various historical examples, they urge the administration to take “new threats more seriously” and implement a more engaged foreign policy, including firmer military strategies. Simultaneously, an increasing number of policymakers and high ranked officers are questioning previous strategies and urged for a new policy. By interviewing influential policy makers and following the debate in Washington closely, this paper examine the ongoing political discussion on security matters and explore the dominating discourses regarding future strategies for U.S. to counter new threats. Furthermore it asks what possible outcomes the dominating perspectives might mean for the international security environment in the future. Is there a chance for a future build on diplomacy and off-shore balancing – or will future U.S. strategies (continue to) putt out fires with gasoline?

    Is there a risk that presented strategies will (continue to) put out fires with gasoline – or will new tactics build a future for peace and stability?

  • 5.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Tankesmedjors roll i amerikansk (utrikes)politik2015In: Vinklade budskap – perspektiv på politisk kommunikation / [ed] Hans Bengtsson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press , 2015, 1:1, p. 181-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Trump's foreign policy agenda is anything but isolationism2019In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a common narrative among politicians and political experts that Trump’s foreign policy is turning the US inwards and abandoning its global leadership: i.e. what we now are witnessing is a new form of isolationism. However, if you look at the administration’s vision and strategy, you won’t find isolation, but rather an active foreign policy, including the desire of a continued global supremacy. It is perhaps a more unilateral approach, but at the same time it is following a pattern in US foreign policy that we should pay more attention to, namely how every administration is using the opportunity to expand US spheres of influence when possible. This is done by re-formulating its global role and the means to achieve it. This paper will focus on the ways Trump’s election and his “America First” policies and the administration’s National Security Strategy (NSS) are part of a broader pattern that is often ignored. 

  • 7.
    Stranne, Frida
    et al.
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Baaz, Mikael
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Bush Doctrine: Continuation or Revolution of American Foreign Policy?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Stranne, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Tinker Tailor Computer Spy: Dominating “digital (in)security” discourses and its foreign policy implications2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Stranne, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Ewertsson, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Behind the Mask – Attribution of antagonists in cyberspace and its implications on international conflicts and security issues2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber systems and critical infrastructure are changing the dynamics of international conflicts, security issues, and challenge traditional ways of understanding warfare. Early warning and attribution of who is accountable for a cyber-attack and what is the intention with the attack is crucial information. To be able to efficiently response to a cyber-antagonist the measure of response must be decided at network speed, which is far beyond what is possible with traditional attribution methods. The ongoing “cyber arm raze” push towards the development and use of autonomous cyber response systems. An autonomous cyber response would most probably use the complexity of attack vector as a tool for attribution, not considering the identity of the antagonist for deciding the measure of response. This will challenge traditional ways of understanding conflict, war, and how nation states handle different kinds of aggressions. This leads to a new kind of deterrence increasing the need to theorize cyber conflicts, as well as empirically study how different actors are acting and reacting in relation to this new threat. This paper initiates the discourse on the implications of the use of autonomous cyber response systems for the international system/relations.

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