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  • 1.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Dokumentation av elevers hälsa2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K. Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 121-136Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School VIPS: A Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren’s Health2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 3.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 4.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting all Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 5.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Skolhälsovården Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ansvar Skolhälsovården Höganäs kommun, Sverige.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010Other (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    SkolVIPS: En modell för skolsköterskans dokumentation2014Other (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    "Genom mina ögon": Barn med erfarenhet av cancer beskriver genom egna fotografier vad som främjar deras hälsa2014In: FoUU-dagen 2014: En upptäcktsfärd genom hallänningens liv, Halmstad: Region Halland , 2014, p. 29-29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Kadrija, Ibadete
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Brunt, David
    Institutionen för Hälsa och Vårdvetenskap, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Psychometric evaluation of a Swedish version of Minneapolis-Manchester quality of life-youth form and adolescent form2013In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 11, article id 79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It has become important to measure long-term effects and quality of life in survivors of childhood cancer. The Minneapolis- Manchester Quality of Life (MMQL) instrument has been proven to better capture the quality of life (QoL) perspective of health than other instruments. The instrument has age appropriate versions and is therefore favourable for longitudinal studies of QoL of children surviving from cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of MMQL-Youth Form and the Adolescent Form focusing on: 1) face and content validity 2) the internal consistency and 3) the test-retest reliability. Methods: The sample consisted of 950 pupils (11–16years old) from 7 schools in the western Sweden who completed the questionnaire. For the test-retest evaluation 230 respondents completed the questionnaire two weeks later. Results: Face and content validity was supported and internal consistency was found to be acceptable for the total scale for both the MMQL-Youth Form (8–12years of age) and the Adolescent Form (13–20years of age). Test-retest reliability for the MMQL-Youth Form was moderate for 50% of the items and good for the remaining. For the MMQL-Adolescent Form the test-retest showed moderate or good agreement for 80% of the items and fair for 20%. Conclusions: The result indicated that the Swedish version of the MMQLYouth Form and Adolescent Form was valid and reliable in a sample of healthy children in a Swedish context. It is recommended to test the instrument among diverse samples of children such as survivors of childhood cancer in order to validate its usefulness in research and clinical settings. © 2013 Einberg et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  • 9.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls’ lived experiences of their everyday lives2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 27653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls’ everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13–16 years. The essence of teenage girls’ everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls.

  • 10.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    'Through my eyes': children with experience of cancer describing through photography what promotes their health2014In: Health Promotion Research - An International Forum <<Next Health>>, August 25-27,  2014, Trondheim, Norway, Trondheim: Senter for helsefremmende forskning HiST/NTNU , 2014, p. 33-33Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Enskär, Karin
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    ‘Through my eyes’: health-promoting factors described by photographs taken by children with experience of cancer treatment2016In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 76-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Health promotion for children with cancer should be based on the children's own needs and desires. Because there is a lack of knowledge in this area, the aim of this study was to explore what promotes health from the perspective of children with experience of cancer treatment.

    Methods

    Fifteen children between 8 and 12 years of age participated in focus groups with three children in each group. The children were given a camera and instructions to photograph subjects that promote their health. Focus group discussions were based on the photographs and the children's own description of those photographs. The analysis of focus group discussions and photographs was conducted using inductive content analysis.

    Results

    According to the children, health-promoting factors are defined as meaningful relationships, recreational activities and a trustful environment. Meaningful relationships include togetherness within the family, affection for pets and friendship with peers. Recreational activities include engagement in play and leisure, withdrawal for relaxation and feeling enjoyment. Trustful environment includes confidence in significant others and feeling safe.

    Conclusions

    Knowledge from this study can contribute to health promotion interventions and quality improvements in the health care of children with experience of cancer treatment. Children's experiences with what promotes health in their everyday lives provide a better understanding of the type of support children prefer when promoting their own health. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 12.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Enskär, Karin
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Friendship from the perspective of children with experience of cancer: A focus group study2013In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 60, no suppl. 3, p. 43-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Enskär, Karin
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Friendship Relations From the Perspective of Children With Experience of Cancer Treatment: A Focus Group Study With a Salutogenic Approach2015In: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1043-4542, E-ISSN 1532-8457, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 153-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Friendships are significant to child development and health but diseases such as cancer can interrupt the contact with friends. The purpose of this study was to describe perceptions of friendship from the perspective of children undergoing cancer treatment, in order to build knowledge that can be used in a health promotion intervention for these children. Fifteen children between 8 and 12 years of age participated in focus groups, where a mixture of informative and creative techniques were used. The focus group discussions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in three generic categories, “Common interests and experiences,” “Mutual empathic actions.” and “Mutual trust and understanding,” incorporating seven subcategories. Based on children’s descriptions from a salutogenic perspective, friendship emerged as An equal and mutual commitment that evolves over time and with interactions face-to-face and digitally, a child perspective on friendship should be central to the development of health promotion interventions designed to support friendship relations of children treated for cancer. © 2014 by Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses

  • 14.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Thomsen, Michel
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Barnonkologiskt centra, Skånes Universitetssjukhus i Lund, Lund, Sverige.
    Enskär, Karin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Nygren, Jens
    Hur gör man barn delaktiga i forsknings- och innovationsprocesser vid utveckling av digitala hälsoinnovationer2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att drabbas av en svår eller kronisk sjukdom under barndomen kan bidra till fysiska och psykosociala svårigheter senare i livet. Kamratstöd mellan individer som delar samma erfarenhet är en viktig främjande faktor till hälsa och välbefinnande och kan verka som en buffert mot stress och motgångar. Empirisk evidens som kan vägleda utveckling av digitala och interaktiva lösningar för kamratstöd mellan barn som drabbas av sjukdom i skolåldern är idag begränsad. Den process som presenteras här är fokuserad på att etablera metodologi för barns delaktighet i innovationsprocesser och att fånga barns bakomliggande beteenden och mål relaterat till kamratstödjande processer och hälsa. Intervjuer i fokusgrupper är en teknik som främjar barns deltagande och fångar barns perspektiv, förståelse och erfarenhet relaterat till deras hälsa. Friska barn (8-12 år) rekryterades från en lokal grundskola till fyra fokusgrupper med fyra barn i varje grupp. Barnen träffades två gånger med en intervall på 1-2 veckor. Förändringar gjordes mellan varje fokusgrupp för att anpassa strukturen på träffarna till en nivå motsvarande barnens erfarenheter, ålder och förmåga och för att fokusera diskussionerna på innovationsprocessen. En blandning av informativa och kreativa tekniker som öppna frågor, brainstorming, rita och måla och fotografering användes för att underlätta för barnen att uttrycka sig. Barnen framförde efter deltagandet att de tyckte om att delta och ville träffas igen i den här formen av grupp. Vår anpassade struktur på fokusgrupper används idag med barn med erfarenhet av svår sjukdom (cancer) för att ta fram typanvändare (Personas) i innovationsprocessen. Barnen rekryterades från Barnonkologiskt centra i Lund och Hallands sjukhus i Halmstad till fem fokusgrupper med tre barn i varje grupp. Barns delaktighet genom vår metod har förbättrat förutsättningarna att fånga barns mål och beteende och tillfört unikt material till den fortsatta designprocessen.

  • 15.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Barnonkologiskt centra, Skånes Universitetssjukhus i Lund, Lund, Sverige.
    Enskär, Karin
    Avd. för omvårdnad, Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hur gör man barn delaktiga i forsknings- och innovationsprocesser vid utveckling av digitala hälsoinnovationer2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att drabbas av en svår eller kronisk sjukdom under barndomen kan bidra till fysiska och psykosociala svårigheter senare i livet. Kamratstöd mellan individer som delar samma erfarenhet är en viktig främjande faktor till hälsa och välbefinnande och kan verka som en buffert mot stress och motgångar. Empirisk evidens som kan vägleda utveckling av digitala och interaktiva lösningar för kamratstöd mellan barn som drabbas av sjukdom i skolåldern är idag begränsad. Den process som presenteras här är fokuserad på att etablera metodologi för barns delaktighet i innovationsprocesser och att fånga barns bakomliggande beteenden och mål relaterat till kamratstödjande processer och hälsa. Intervjuer i fokusgrupper är en teknik som främjar barns deltagande och fångar barns perspektiv, förståelse och erfarenhet relaterat till deras hälsa. Friska barn (8-12 år) rekryterades från en lokal grundskola till fyra fokusgrupper med fyra barn i varje grupp. Barnen träffades två gånger med en intervall på 1-2 veckor. Förändringar gjordes mellan varje fokusgrupp för att anpassa strukturen på träffarna till en nivå motsvarande barnens erfarenheter, ålder och förmåga och för att fokusera diskussionerna på innovationsprocessen. En blandning av informativa och kreativa tekniker som öppna frågor, brainstorming, rita och måla och fotografering användes för att underlätta för barnen att uttrycka sig. Barnen framförde efter deltagandet att de tyckte om att delta och ville träffas igen i den här formen av grupp. Vår anpassade struktur på fokusgrupper används idag med barn med erfarenhet av svår sjukdom (cancer) för att ta fram typanvändare (Personas) i innovationsprocessen. Barnen rekryterades från Barnonkologiskt centra i Lund och Hallands sjukhus i Halmstad till fem fokusgrupper med tre barn i varje grupp. Barns delaktighet genom vår metod har förbättrat förutsättningarna att fånga barns mål och beteende och tillfört unikt material till den fortsatta designprocessen.

  • 16.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Barnonkologiskt centra, Skånes Universitetssjukhus i Lund, Sverige.
    Enskär, Karin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, Avd. för omvårdnad, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Involving children in research and innovation processes in the development of digital health promotion intervention2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Severe or chronic illness in childhood may contribute to physical and psychosocial problems later in life. Peer support among individuals who share the same experience is an important factor in promoting health and wellbeing and can act as a buffer against stress and adversities. Empirical evidence that could guide development of digital and interactive solutions for peer support between school-aged children affected by illness is limited.

    Purpose/Methods

    The process presented here is focused on establishing method- ology for children's participation in innovation processes and to capture the child's underlying behaviors and goals related to peer support processes and health. Focus group interview is a child-friendly method that promotes participation and access to children's perspectives, insights and experiences related to their health. Healthy children were recruited from a local elementary school. Focus groups were carried out in two sessions for each group with an interval of 1-2 weeks.

    Results

    Adjustments were made between each focus group to adapt the meeting structure to a level commensurate with the chil- dren's experience, age and abilities and to focus discussions on innovation incentives related to a digital peer support service. A mixture of informative and creative techniques such as open questions, brainstorming, drawing and painting and photog- raphy were used to assist the children to express themselves. The children were pleased to participate and wanted to meet again in this form of group.

    Conclusions

    Our adapted focus group structure are now being used with children with experience of severe illness (cancer) to develop Personas (fictitious characters of users) in the innovation pro- cess. Children's participation through our method has improved the chances of capturing children's goals and behavior, and added unique material for the continuing design process. 

  • 17.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Participatory innovation process for development of a digital peer support service for children with cancer2012In: SIOP Publication Abstracts, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2012, p. 88-88Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Surviving cancer during childhood imposes a number of difficulties later in life. Peer support has been recognised as an important contributor to health and well-being but empirical evidence that could guide development of peer support programs for school aged children is scarce. The process presented here is focused on generic exploration of children’s needs and expectations related to peer support innovations to promote health and wellbeing of children with cancer. The purpose of this study is to establish a participatory innovation process that grasps the underlying behaviours and goals of children that will affect the design of a digital peer support service.

    Methods: Focus group interview is a child-friendly technique that promotes participation and access to children’s perspectives, insights and experiences related to their health. Healthy children 8–12 years of age were recruited from a local elementary school. Focus groups (n = 5 groups) were carried out in two sessions for each group (n = 4 children per group) with an interval of 1–2 weeks. Adjustments were made between each focus group to adapt the meeting structure to a level commensurate with the children’s experience, age and abilities and to focus discussions on innovation incentives related to a digital peer support service.

    Results: The adaptation process involved adjustments of the focus group structure to match children in the selected age group and to the aims of the innovation process. A mixture of informative and creative techniques (open questions, brainstorming, drawing, photography) assisted the children in talking and expressing themselves. The children were pleased to participate and wanted to meet again in this kind of study group. The adapted focus group sessions are now being used in the research and innovation process with children (8–12 yrs) with experience of cancer treatment.

    Conclusion: The final focus group structure capture children’s perspectives for the design of a digital peer support service.

  • 18.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Thomsen, Michel
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Enskär, Karin
    Åkesson, Maria
    Nygren, Jens Martin
    Participatory innovation process for development of a digital peer support service for children with cancer2012In: NOPHO NOBOS Meeting and Congress Uppsala, Sweden, May 19 – 22, 2012: Programme and Abstract Book, 2012, p. 118-118Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Hutton, Katrin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. Affecta psychiatric out-patients clinic, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Kadrija, Ibadete (Contributor)
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Self-rated mental health and socio-economic background: a study of adolescents in Sweden2014In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescents' mental health is a major public health issue. Previous research has shown that socio-economic factors contribute to the health status of adolescents. The present study explores the association between socio-economic status and self-rated mental health among adolescents.

    Methods: Cross sectional data from the Halmstad Youth Quality of Life cohort was collected in a town in Sweden. In all, 948 adolescents (11-13 younger age group and 14-16 older age group) participated. Information on self-rated mental health was collected from the subscale Psychological functioning in the Minneapolis Manchester Quality of Life instrument. The items were summarized into a total score and dichotomized by the mean. Indicators measuring socio-economic status (SES) were collected in a questionnaire using the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) and additional factors regarding parents' marital status and migration were added. Logistic models were used to analyze the data.

    Results: Girls were more likely to rate their mental health below the mean compared to boys. With regard to FAS (high, medium, low), there was a significantly increased risk of self-rated mental health below the mean among younger boys in the medium FAS score OR; 2.68 (95% CI 1.35;5.33) and among older boys in the low FAS score OR; 2.37 (1.02;5.52) compared to boys in the high FAS score. No such trend was seen among girls. For younger girls there was a significant protective association between having parents born abroad and self-rated mental health below mean OR: 0.47 (0.24;0.91).

    Conclusions: A complex pattern of associations between SES and self-rated mental health, divergent between age and gender groups, was shown. The total FAS score was only associated with boys' self-rated mental health in both age groups, whereas parents' migratory status influenced only the girls' self-rated mental health. Because of the different association for girls' and boys' self-rated mental health and SES, other factors than SES should also be considered when investigating and exploring the mental health of adolescents in affluent communities. © 2014 Hutton et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  • 20.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Stigmar, Jennie
    Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Castor, Anders
    Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Support from healthcare services during transition to adulthood – Experiences of young adult survivors of pediatric cancer2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 21, p. 105-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Improved survival rates of pediatric cancer have drawn attention on how to best facilitate long-term follow up and transition from pediatric to adult care. The transition process is multifactorial and necessitates the joint involvement of the patient, the family and the healthcare providers. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of support from healthcare services during the transition from adolescence to adulthood described by young adult survivors of pediatric cancer.

    Methods: A mixed method with a convergent parallel design was used to evaluate the experiences of receiving support from healthcare services (eg pediatric oncology and pediatric clinic) during transition from adolescence to adulthood described by young adult survivors of pediatric cancer (n = 213) in a nation wide cross-sectional survey.

    Results: A quantitative assessment of the experienced extent and satisfaction of support from healthcare services to handle physical, mental and social changes to continue life after the disease showed that a majority of the participants had received insufficient support. The qualitative analysis indicated a need for equal roles in healthcare to promote participation, a need to manage and process consequences of the disease, and a need for continuous support.

    Conclusions: During transition to adulthood, there's a need for a personalized care plan that takes a holistic approach towards supporting the young cancer survivor in managing life in the best way. Identifying and handling the individual needs of pediatric cancer survivors is important for providing the resources and support required to increase the likelihood of successful transition to adulthood. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 21.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hutton, Katrin
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Barn och ungdomars självskattade hälsa: En undersökning i Halmstad kommun2012Report (Other academic)
1 - 21 of 21
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