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  • 1.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Anna Katarina Preinitz2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Presentation of Anna Preinitz (1870-1912) in Biographical encyclopedia of Swedish women. 

  • 2.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Emelie Rathou2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk presentation av Emelie Rathou (1862-1948) i Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon.

  • 3.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Department of History, Lund University.
    Emelie Rathou: A Movement Intellectual Crossing Borders2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2009, p. 32-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Department of History, Lund University.
    Emilie Rathou och Vita Bandet: Rabiata och radikala kvinnoröster2010In: Presshistorisk årsbok 2010 / [ed] Ellinor Melander, Stockholm: Svensk Presshistorisk Förening , 2010, p. 28-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Emma Kristina Wretlind2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk presentation av Emma Wretlind (1852-1944) i Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon.

  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Gerda Teresa Meyerson2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk presentation av Gerda Meyerson (1866-1923) i Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon

  • 7.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Gustava Elisabet (Elsa) Bengtsson2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Presentation of Elsa Bengtsson (1865-1922) in the Biographical encyclopedia of Swedish women.

  • 8.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Hedvig Natalia Rinander2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk presentation av Hedvig Rinander (1868-1953) i Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon. 

  • 9.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Maria Gustfva Sandström2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk presentation av Maria Sandström (1870-1948) i Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon

  • 10.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Nationella forskarskolan, Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Nykterhetsorganisationer, politik och historieberättande: Strikt manliga angelägenheter?2010In: Möten med historiens mångfald / [ed] Lars Berggren, Klas-Göran Karlsson & Charlotte Tornbjer, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2010, p. 217-229Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet diskuteras hur dagens läroböcker i historieämnet framställer en historieskrivning som  utesluter kvinnor och reproducerar historien ur ett manligt perspektiv. En historia  som enbart består av manliga aktörer skapar obalans i genusordningen och pekar på fortsatt bristande jämställdhet. Artikeln belyser hur kvinnor under 1900-talets två första decennier dels agerade på manligt dominerade arenor, dels hur de presenterade och synliggjorde kvinnors delaktighet på dessa arenor.  I fokus står en grupp kvinnor som genom att organisera sig i en kvinnlig, kristen nykterhetsorganisation Vita Bandet kunde agera på annars helt manliga fält.  Vitbandisterna motsatte sig  den samtida dominerande genusordningen både inom det poltiska och det kulturella fältet. De skapade egna organ för att synas och höras, och de skapade nya fora för den politiska debatten. De motsatte sig bilden av kvinnor som passiva objekt och synliggjorde och hyllade kvinnors aktiva deltagande i politik, samhälle och kultur. Därigenom framhölls kvinnliga ideal som stod i kontrast till den  rådande borgerliga och domesticerade kvinnosynen. Vitbandisterna hyllade sina kvinnliga föregångare och presenterade kvinnor som politiska och kulturella aktörer för att skapa förebilder och för att inspirera och motivera kvinnor till samhällsaktivitet och medborgarskap. Vita Bandets arbete och tidskrift vittnar om ett samhälle där både kvinnor och män deltog i kultur och politik, i utveckling och progression, och det är en helt annan historia än den som dagens skolläromedel berättar om.

  • 11.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Nyktra, frisinnade kvinnor2010In: Parti eller rörelse?: Perspektiv på liberala organisationsstrategier 1880-1940 / [ed] Tomas Nilson & Martin Åberg, Lund: Sekel , 2010, p. 17-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Nyktra kvinnor: Folkbildare, företagare och politiska aktörer. Vita Bandet 1900-19302011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the female Christian temperance union the White Ribbon is in focus. The White Ribbon was founded in Stockholm in 1900 and it was part of the international organization World’s Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WWCTU). The organization’s ambition was to create a temperate and moral society, running a variety of philanthropic institutions and adult education, as well as non-alcohol serving restaurants.

    The aim of the thesis is to study the White Ribbon’s social and political commitment and its ideological approach during the first three decades of the 20th century. The White Ribboners’ ideological approach and culture are problematized in relation to the prevailing and predominant view on women. The organization’s monthly journal has been closely studied and the ideas and practical social and political commitment have been analyzed in a theoretical perspective of social movement theory, according to the Swedish sociologist Håkan Thörn’s methodological framework. This theoretical approach is an instrument to analyze what the White Ribbon identified to be social problems; what was considered to be the reasons for these problems; and what strategy the organization regarded to be the best way to deal with them in order to reach the prognosticated change.

    The analysis shows that the White Ribbon identified the predominant gender system and the bourgeois view on women as a primary social problem. The organization’s strategy was to eliminate the patriarchal order of the gender system and to change the attitude of people through adult education, information and persuasion. The White Ribbon participated in public debate pursuing temperance and women’s suffrage, and was a lobbyist proposing motions and demanding legislative reforms. The White Ribbon’s ideological approach, as well as their philanthropic activities emanated from a bourgeois ideal of conscientiousness and cultivation, and from an interest in social politics. This was in contrast to the bourgeois view of what the ideal woman should do. From the White Ribboners’ point of view, society could only prosper when women had the same rights as men, and could participate the public sphere and become involved in politics.

    The study shows that the organization worked hard for equality and democracy, pursuing a feminist and liberal ideology. The White Ribboners regarded themselves, and also acted, as political agents. They introduced and increased women’s possibilities for adult education. They initiated and provided social protection for alcohol addicted women, and for poor and fallen women and girls. These activities must be seen as forms of enterprises and the White Ribboners  as entrepreneurs, since these institutions were, in fact, innovations and models for solving problems in order to build a welfare system and to create a temperate and prosperous society. The thesis put forward arguments that the White Ribbon’s social and political work are political innovations and important elements in the process of democratization and, therefore, played an important part in this process.

  • 13.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    The White Ribbon - Temperate Women on Public Scenes2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I would like to present my dissertation on the female temperance organization the White Ribbon, founded in Sweden in the year 1900. The organisation was part of the international World’s Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. The aim of the White Ribbon was to create a temperate society and the activity was nationwide. The organisation ran temperance restaurants, and established different kinds of philanthropic institutions such as orphanages, rest homes, and rescue homes for prostitutes and female alcoholics. They also launched vocational training and educational courses for women. They had their own publishing firm, which issued a journal and pamphlets.

    I have studied the White Ribbon as a social movement, and therefore I use a social movement theory to analyse their work. This theoretical approach has made it possible to analyse the underlying ideology as well as the organisation’s practical activities. Thus, I have been able to focus on the social and political activities in relation to the process of democratisation in Sweden. The study shows that the White Ribbon’s aim was not only to create a temperate society. In fact, it may be argued that the primary ambition was an equal and democratic society, which was founded on women’s political rights and their participation.

    Generally speaking, female Christian associations and their charitable activities have been considered conservative, promoting a traditional female ideal that consigned women to the private sphere. My study shows differently. The White Ribboners opposed the prevailing views on women, arguing that they had both a right and an obligation to act in society and politics. Their philanthropic institutes did not originate from a female Christian mission but from socio-political ambitions. Moreover, they should also be seen as businesses in a branch of new and necessary social services; the White Ribboners were in fact entrepreneurs and business owners. The organisation’s members were presented as role models for how women could and should participate in society. The journal paid attention and tributes to businesswomen, female politicians and writers, etcetera. This way the White Ribbon praised and promoted icons that contradicted the prevailing view on women. In short, they introduced a new and different female ideal.

    As part of the temperance movement, the White Ribboners did not only have access to the political field, but were also recognised as political agents. Like their male equivalents, the White Ribboners were political lobbyists active in political parties. Quite a few of them were members of the Liberal party and had positions in local councils. Like many other studies, mine shows that women were active agents on the public and political scene. Despite this, female politicians are rarely mentioned in the history of politics; newly published school textbooks still reproduce the view that men, and not women, were agents in society, claiming that the public and political scenes were male domains. Unfortunately, after decades of gender research the history shelves in Swedish bookstores are still dominated by the history of men. This raises several questions worth discussing.

  • 14.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Transnational Feminists – The White Ribbon2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to briefly demonstrate the contextual and transnational background of the women’s movement and the temperance movement in Sweden, this paper shortly introduces how female organizations were founded due to the lack of gender equality in the American temperance movement. Thereafter, an excerpt from my dissertation Temperate Women. Educators, Entrepreneurs and Political Agents. The White Ribbon 1900-1930  (2011) follows, in which I conclude the result of my analysis of the Swedish female, Christian, temperance organization The White Ribbon, which was a Swedish branch of The World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, initially founded in the USA.

    I briefly introduce the dissertation’s theoretical perspective of social movement, and give an account of how I analyze The White Ribbon as a political agent. I then summarize the result of my analysis of the White Ribboners participation on the political field and the public debate. In their ambitions to create a temperate society, the White Ribboners demanded women's political and social rights. The claimed that society could only progress if women participated in politics and decision making. The White Ribboners themselves were politically engaged and several had positions in local councils. All over the country organization ran philanthropic institutes, which were not only social companies, but also models or political innovations of how to deal with social problems. The work of the White Ribbon was generated from the feminist ideology of the American female teetotalers, and in the final discussion the conclusion highlights the American influence on the Swedish White Ribboners.

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