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  • 1.
    Baigi, Amir
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Bergh, Håkan
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Månsson, Jörgen
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Wendt, Eva
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Hälsa på lika villkor? Hallands resultat från en nationell folkhälsoenkät2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    N/A

  • 2.
    Bittlingmayer, Uwe H.
    et al.
    Freiburg University of Education, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Harsch, Stephanie
    Freiburg University of Education, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Pelters, Pelle
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Health Promotion of Refugees – Empirical Evidence from Approaches in two European Countries2019Inngår i: 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference: June 12 - 14 2019 at Roskilde University. Book of abstracts, 2019, s. 39-40Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The migration of many people to European countries in the last years created various challenges and evoked diverse responses. But rarely, lessons learned and good practice for health promotion interventions are exchanged between countries nor common solutions sought. In this workshop, we will shed light on the health situations of refugees in Sweden and Germany, and present four research projects regarding the health of refugees.

    Initially, we will outline the situation for refugees in the two countries generally, provide ample evidence on the health needs and particular burden of refugees, and discuss the increasing influence of racism. Finally, we will discuss the issue health promotion of refugees, needs, approaches, limitations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Dohlsten, John
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Caring as sustainable coaching in elite athletics: benefits and challenges2020Inngår i: Sport Coaching Review, ISSN 2164-0629, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 48-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Coaches in elite sport must ensure a balance between performance, high pressure and well-being. A caring approach, based on a coach’s commitment to caring for athletes, has the potential to create such a balance and sustainability. The aim of this study was to identify coaches’ caring and problematise their ethics of care in relation to sustainability. We draw on and integrate the theoretical concept of caring into a conception of (un-) sustainable sport. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven Swedish elite athletics coaches. Results show that coaches’ ethics of care is important for creating sustainable elite athletics practices, but that caring also conflicts with sustainability thinking if coaches do not base their actions on practical wisdom and moral and ethical dilemmas.

  • 4.
    Dohlsten, John
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, And Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, And Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Division of Sport Science, School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sustainable elite sport: Swedish athletes’ voices of sustainability in athletics2021Inngår i: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 727-742Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Elite sport is a precarious context, and as athletes are pushing their physical and mental boundaries to enhance performance, consequences can be devastating. In contrast to arguments that elite sport cannot be sustainable, some scholars have argued that with certain considerations and precautions, elite sport can have fewer unsustainable consequences. However, the current literature has missed to capture athletes’ voices regarding sustainability in elite sport. Therefore, this article aims to give voice to athletes and their needs and concerns regarding sustainable elite sport and through this, to extend the existing elite sport sustainability conceptualisation with knowledge from the athlete perspective. Focus group interviews were conducted with 15 high-performance athletes. The findings suggest that athletes need athlete-centred coaching, focus on holistic perspectives, and co-creation of their overall development. However, athletes also seem to adapt and accept commodity structures, as their focus on results. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 5.
    Dohlsten, John
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnerman, Karin
    Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Swedish elite athletics coaches’ professional development in practices of organized coaches’ meetings2021Inngår i: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate how elite coaches reflect on their practice and interact with each other, as part of their informal professional development. We use observations of 14 coach meetings, over a period of two years, where coaches came together to share their experiences of coaching elite athletics, and to discuss ways for continuous professional development. Through an action research approach, data collected included notes and audiorecorded conversations. The theory of practice architectures was employed as a theoretical tool to frame the analysis of the data inorder to understand the meeting practices and how these practices were enabled and constrained. The research revealed how conversations led to awareness, which became turning points for new practices. Specifically, the coaches became aware of the importance of belonging to a community, their lack of knowledge and understanding of inequality, and the complexity of coaching.The meetings, as forums for dialogic practice, were enabled by open-minded collaboration, a willingness to share experiences, and a mutual understanding of the coaching context, but they were also constrained by the structures of coaches’ athletics clubs and federations, that do not fully support coaches’ meetings as an informal educational practice for professional development. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 6.
    Donini, Lorenzo M.
    et al.
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Barrada, Juan Ramón
    Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Barthels, Friederike
    Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
    Dunn, Thomas M.
    University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, United States.
    Babeau, Camille
    École de Psychologues Praticiens, Paris, France.
    Brytek-Matera, Anna
    University of Wrocław, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Cena, Hellas
    University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Pavia, Italy.
    Cerolini, Silvia
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Cho, Hye hyun
    Chung-ang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Coimbra, Maria
    University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Cuzzolaro, Massimo
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Ferreira, Claudia
    University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Galfano, Valeria
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.
    University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
    Hallit, Souheil
    Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Jounieh, Lebanon; Effat University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Håman, Linn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Hay, Phillipa
    University of Western Sydney, Penrith, Australia.
    Jimbo, Masahito
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States.
    Lasson, Clotilde
    Université de Toulouse-le Mirail, Toulouse, France.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    McGregor, Renee
    The En:spire Clinic, Bengaluru, India.
    Minnetti, Marianna
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Mocini, Edoardo
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Obeid, Sahar
    Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Oberle, Crystal D.
    Texas State University, San Marcos, United States.
    Onieva-Zafra, Maria Dolores
    Universidad de Castilla-la Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Opitz, Marie Christine
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Parra-Fernández, María Laura
    Universidad de Castilla-la Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Pietrowsky, Reinhard
    Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
    Plasonja, Natalija
    Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
    Poggiogalle, Eleonora
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Rigó, Adrien
    Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Rodgers, Rachel F.
    Northeastern University, Boston, United States; Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France.
    Roncero, Maria
    Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain.
    Saldaña, Carmina
    Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Segura-Garcia, Cristina
    Magna Graecia University, Catanzaro, Italy.
    Setnick, Jessica
    International Federation of Eating Disorder Dietitians, Dallas, United States.
    Shin, Ji Yeon
    Chung-ang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Spitoni, Grazia
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Strahler, Jana
    University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Stroebele-Benschop, Nanette
    University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Todisco, Patrizia
    Casa di Cura Villa Margherita, Vicenza, Italy.
    Vacca, Mariacarolina
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Valente, Martina
    Università Del Piemonte Orientale, Vercelli, Italy.
    Varga, Màrta
    Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Zagaria, Andrea
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Zickgraf, Hana Flynn
    Emory University, Atlanta, United States.
    Reynolds, Rebecca C.
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Lombardo, Caterina
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Correction: A consensus document on definition and diagnostic criteria for orthorexia nervosa2023Inngår i: Eating and Weight Disorders, ISSN 1124-4909, E-ISSN 1590-1262, Vol. 28, artikkel-id 76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article Rebecca C. Reynolds was missing from the author list. The complete correct author group is given below. Lorenzo M. Donini, Juan Ramón Barrada, Friederike Barthels, Thomas M. Dunn, Camille Babeau, Anna Brytek-Matera, Hellas Cena, Silvia Cerolini, Hye-hyun Cho, Maria Coimbra, Massimo Cuzzolaro, Claudia Ferreira, Valeria Galfano, Maria G. Grammatikopoulou, Souheil Hallit, Linn Håman, Phillipa Hay, Masahito Jimbo, Clotilde Lasson, Eva-Carin Lindgren, Renee McGregor, Marianna Minnetti, Edoardo Mocini, Sahar Obeid, Crystal D. Oberle, Maria-Dolores Onieva-Zafra, Marie-Christine Opitz, María-Laura Parra-Fernández, Reinhard Pietrowsky, Natalija Plasonja, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Adrien Rigó, Rachel F. Rodgers, Maria Roncero, Carmina Saldaña, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Jessica Setnick, Ji-Yeon Shin, Grazia Spitoni, Jana Strahler, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Patrizia Todisco, Mariacarolina Vacca, Martina Valente, Màrta Varga, Andrea Zagaria, Hana Flynn Zickgraf, Rebecca C. Reynolds & Caterina Lombardo. The original article [1] has been corrected. © 2023, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

  • 7.
    Donini, Lorenzo M
    et al.
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Barrada, Juan Ramón
    Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Barthels, Friederike
    Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Dunn, Thomas M
    University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, USA.
    Babeau, Camille
    Ecole de Psychologues Praticiens, Lyon, France.
    Brytek-Matera, Anna
    University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Cena, Hellas
    University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; ICS MAUGERI IRCCS, Pavia, Italy.
    Cerolini, Silvia
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Cho, Hye-hyun
    Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Coimbra, Maria
    University of Coimbra, CINEICC, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Cuzzolaro, Massimo
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Ferreira, Claudia
    University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Galfano, Valeria
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Grammatikopoulou, Maria G
    University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.
    Hallit, Souheil
    Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Jounieh, Lebanon; Effat University (KSA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Håman, Linn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Hay, Phillipa
    Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia.
    Jimbo, Masahito
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States.
    Lasson, Clotilde
    University of Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, Toulouse, France.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    McGregor, Renee
    The EN:SPIRE Clinic, Bengaluru, India.
    Minnetti, Marianna
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Mocini, Edoardo
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Obeid, Sahar
    Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Oberle, Crystal D
    Texas State University, San Marcos, United States.
    Onieva-Zafra, Maria-Dolores
    University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Opitz, Marie-Christine
    The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Parra-Fernández, María-Laura
    University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Pietrowsky, Reinhard
    Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Plasonja, Natalija
    University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
    Poggiogalle, Eleonora
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Rigó, Adrien
    ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Rodgers, Rachel F
    Northeastern University, Boston, United States; Lapeyronie Hospital, CHRU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Roncero, Maria
    University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
    Saldaña, Carmina
    Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Segura-Garcia, Cristina
    University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.
    Setnick, Jessica
    International Federation of Eating Disorder Dietitians, Dallas, United States.
    Shin, Ji-Yeon
    Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Spitoni, Grazia
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Strahler, Jana
    University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Stroebele-Benschop, Nanette
    University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Todisco, Patrizia
    Casa Di Cura Villa Margherita, Vicenza, Italy.
    Vacca, Mariacarolina
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Valente, Martina
    Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli, Italy.
    Varga, Màrta
    Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Zagaria, Andrea
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    Zickgraf, Hana Flynn
    Emory University, Atlanta, United States.
    Lombardo, Caterina
    Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
    A consensus document on definition and diagnostic criteria for orthorexia nervosa2022Inngår i: Eating and Weight Disorders, ISSN 1124-4909, E-ISSN 1590-1262, Vol. 27, s. 3695-3711Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Since the term orthorexia nervosa (ON) was coined from the Greek (ὀρθός, right and ὄρεξις, appetite) in 1997 to describe an obsession with “correct” eating, it has been used worldwide without a consistent definition. Although multiple authors have proposed diagnostic criteria, and many theoretical papers have been published, no consensus definition of ON exists, empirical primary evidence is limited, and ON is not a standardized diagnosis. These gaps prevent research to identify risk and protective factors, pathophysiology, functional consequences, and evidence-based therapeutic treatments. The aims of the current study are to categorize the common observations and presentations of ON pathology among experts in the eating disorder field, propose tentative diagnostic criteria, and consider which DSM chapter and category would be most appropriate for ON should it be included.

    Methods: 47 eating disorder researchers and multidisciplinary treatment specialists from 14 different countries across four continents completed a three-phase modified Delphi process, with 75% agreement determined as the threshold for a statement to be included in the final consensus document. In phase I, participants were asked via online survey to agree or disagree with 67 statements about ON in four categories: A–Definition, Clinical Aspects, Duration; B–Consequences; C–Onset; D–Exclusion Criteria, and comment on their rationale. Responses were used to modify the statements which were then provided to the same participants for phase II, a second round of feedback, again in online survey form. Responses to phase II were used to modify and improve the statements for phase III, in which statements that met the predetermined 75% of agreement threshold were provided for review and commentary by all participants.

    Results: 27 statements met or exceeded the consensus threshold and were compiled into proposed diagnostic criteria for ON.

    Conclusions: This is the first time a standardized definition of ON has been developed from a worldwide, multidisciplinary cohort of experts. It represents a summary of observations, clinical expertise, and research findings from a wide base of knowledge. It may be used as a base for diagnosis, treatment protocols, and further research to answer the open questions that remain, particularly the functional consequences of ON and how it might be prevented or identified and intervened upon in its early stages. Although the participants encompass many countries and disciplines, further research will be needed to determine if these diagnostic criteria are applicable to the experience of ON in geographic areas not represented in the current expert panel.

    Level of evidence: Level V: opinions of expert committees.

    © 2022, The Author(s).

  • 8.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, SwedenPrimary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ambition of a perfect body: a risk factor of body dissatisfaction2009Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Download (pdf)
    SUMMARY01
  • 9.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ett generellt skolbaserat hälsopromotivt program: en studie om skolungdomars mat- och rörelsevanor, tilltro till egen förmåga och syn på kroppsligt utseende2010Inngår i: Aktuell beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig idrottsforskning, ISSN 0284-4672, s. 54-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a one year case study of a programme promoting physical activity and healthy eating habits in a secondary school. The aim was to describe and evaluate a school-based health promoting programme on interest in and participation in physical education (PE), eating habits and physical exercise habits, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance and self-efficacy for boys and girls before and after the programme. One hundred and sixty-four participants completed questionnaires in December 2007 and December 2008. The results showed increased interest and active participation in PE in girls and an opposite among boys at the post-test. Fewer boys reported regular eating habits after the programme. Girls scored higher on the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire subdomain awareness of a slimness ideal, and boys on the subdomain awareness of a muscular body as well as on the subdomain muscular appearance at the post-test. The results from this study cannot be generalized. Instead, the findings can be used for future research and to develop school-based health promotion programs. Conclusions and implications are discussed in the article.

  • 10.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Baigi, Amir
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Obsession with diet among fitness center participants in relation to body ideal and social physique anxiety2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies indicate that women are more likely than men to exercise for appearancerelated reasons, but today, even men have become more concerned about how they look. Exercise and/or diets are sometimes used in an attempt to develop a more attractive physique. Strict diets such as an obsession with healthy food, sometimes termed orthorexia nervosa (ON), are controversial and have been questioned by researchers. This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman’s orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration. The fitness participants (n=251, 166 women and 85 men, 21% dropout) were consecutively selected from five fitness centers in Sweden. They completed the BOT, SPAS, SATAQ, and a questionnaire focusing on exercise frequency and duration. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was used and the significance level set at 5%. In men, the results indicated that the SATAQ subdomain internalization could itself explain the variation in BOT results. In women, the results demonstrated that exercise frequency, in combination with the SPAS score and the SATAQ subdomains of internalization and awareness, could explain the variation in BOT results. Internalization of a slimness ideal (for women) and a muscular body (for men) can be a risk factor for obsession with diet. In the same way, higher exercise frequency, a higher level of social physique anxiety and awareness of Western body ideals seem to be predictors of obsession with diet among women. It is possible that the fitness center environment emphasizes a body ideal that leads to an increased obsession with diet. On the other hand, it may be that people who are aware of the body ideal and are obsessed with diet are the ones who engage in fitness center activities.

  • 11.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Social physique anxiety and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance impact on orthorexia test in fitness participants2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 389-394Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman's orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration in a sample of Swedish participants in fitness center activities. A total of 251 participants (166 women and 85 men) completed the SPAS, the SATAQ, and a questionnaire focusing on exercise frequency and duration. The results indicated that the SATAQ subdomain internalization could itself explain the variation in BOT results. In women, the results indicated that exercise frequency, followed by SPAS score and the SATAQ subdomains internalization and awareness, could together explain the variation in BOT results. Fitness centers could make a point of emphasizing that some physical ideals are neither healthy nor realistic, thus strengthening member self-image and preventing social physique anxiety, eating disorders, and negative attitudes toward appearance.

  • 12.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Marklund, Bertil
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    On the concept of orthorexia nervosa: a rebuttal: Letter to the Editor2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 397-397Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Flensner, Karin K.
    et al.
    Department of Social and Behavioral Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sports Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sports Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Integration into and through sports? Sport-activities for migrant children and youths2021Inngår i: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 64-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration over recent years has meant that issues of integration are high on the agenda. Sports clubs are considered important settings for promoting integration. This notion is reflected in national and international policy documents. This study focuses on how leaders in a non-profit sports club, operating in a community where a majority have a migrant background, work with the stated goal of promoting integration. The aim of this study is to explore how leaders interpret and negotiate their explicit assignment to promote integration and counteract segregation and how they try to implement strategies to reach these goals and also to explore how participants experience the sports club’s activities related to aspects of integration. The study takes an ethnographic approach with participant observations and interviews. The results indicate that the leaders' work in terms of integration was related to negotiating diversity, norms, rules and language. Both leaders and participants highlight how the activities enhance feelings of trust despite racism in society and how the leaders worked to create relationships and to make the activities into safe spaces. Whether this work contributes to integration is, however, debatable and the leaders emphasised inclusion as their main strategy and goal. © 2020 European Association for Sociology of Sport.

  • 14.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ivarsson, A.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Jinhage, B.-M.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Bolse, Kärstin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Flemme, Inger
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Sandstedt, B.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Mårtensson, J.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and their conceptions of the life situation: a qualitative analysis2000Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 37-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is today widely used for the treatment of sudden cardiac near-death episodes as a result of malignant ventricular dysrhythmia.After examining the literature, only four descriptive studies, all carried out in the USA, with a qualitative analysis based on ICD-patients' own perspectives on their life situation have been found.The aim of this study was to describe how patients living with an ICD-device in south-western Sweden conceive their life situation.As the focus was on patients' conceptions seen from a holistic perspective, an analysis inspired by phenomenography was employed on a strategic sample of 15 ICD-patients.Six categories emerged: a feeling of safety, a feeling of gratitude, a feeling of being, having a network, having a belief in the future, and gaining awareness.Although the findings cannot be generalized because of the descriptive research design, they illuminate the beneficial as well as intrusive effects of such a device, and emphasize the need for support groups for patients and families as well as further education for personnel in hospital and primary health care.

  • 15.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Raustorp, Anders
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Sport Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Effects of an Empowerment-Based Health-Promotion School Intervention on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time among Adolescents in a Multicultural Area2018Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 11, artikkel-id 2542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity (PA) decreases with age, and interventions are needed to promote PA during adolescence, especially, among those in low-socioeconomic status (SES) areas. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention had any effects on changes in (a) moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), (b) sedentary time (SED), (c) exercise training (ET) frequency, and (d) ET duration, among adolescents. Participants (aged 12⁻13 years at baseline) from one intervention school and two control schools, were recruited from a multicultural area of Sweden, characterized by low-SES. During the course of the two-year intervention, a total of 135 participants (43% boys) were included in the study. The intervention was developed and implemented as a result of cooperation and shared decision-making among the researchers and the participants. MVPA and SED were measured with accelerometers, and ET frequency and duration was self-reported at the beginning of the seventh, eighth, and ninth grade, respectively. There were no significant effects of the two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention on changes in the accelerometer-measured MVPA and SED, or the self-reported ET frequency and duration, among the adolescents. Overall, the intervention was unsuccessful at promoting PA and reducing SED. Several possible explanations for the intervention's lack of effects are discussed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Grill, Christina
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Valuation and handling of dialogue in leadership: a grounded theory study in Swedish hospitals2011Inngår i: Journal of Health Organization & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 34-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Leadership can positively affect the work environment and health. Communication and dialogue are an important part in leadership. Studies of how dialogue is valued and handled in first-line leadership have not so far been found. The aim of this study is to develop a theoretical understanding of how first-line leaders at hospitals in western Sweden value and handle dialogue in the organisation.

    Design/methodology/approach:

    The study design was explorative and based on grounded theory. Data collection consisted of interviews and observations. A total of 11 first-line leaders at two hospitals in western Sweden were chosen as informants, and for four of them observation was also used.

    Findings:

    One core category emerged in the analysis: leaders' communicative actions, which could be strategically or understanding-oriented, and experienced as equal or unequal and performed equitably or inequitably, within a power relationship. Four different types of communicative actions emerged: collaborative, nurturing, controlling, and confrontational. Leaders had strategies for creating arenas and relationships for dialogue, but dialogue could be constrained by external circumstances or ignorance of the frameworks needed to conduct and accomplish dialogue.

    Practical implications:

    First-line leaders should be offered guidance in understanding the consequences of consciously choosing and strengthening the communication component in leadership.

    Originality/value:

    The positive valuation of dialogue was not always manifest in practical action. One significant consequence of not using dialogue was that information with impact on organisational efficiency and finances was communicated upwards in the management system. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 17.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Halmstad Municipality, Halmstad, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Göranson, Magnus
    Halmstad Municipality, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    “It is easier to learn when you are out”: an ethnographic study of teaching science subjects through outdoor learning at compulsory school2024Inngår i: Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, ISSN 2206-3110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that feeling engaged in schoolwork is crucial for pupils to achieve, but engagement and motivation decline with age in many countries. To address these issues, we consider it is important that how we conceive learning include opportunities for learning outside the classroom. This study aimed to explore pupils’ experiences of being taught science subjects using outdoor learning, including the learning they achieved. The research was conducted using an ethnographic research design, a useful method for research in this type of environment where a greater understanding of teaching and learning processes is sought, enabling researchers to explore events more deeply. The study took place during one school year and was conducted for pupils in grade 6 in a school on Sweden’s west coast. This study provides unique insights into how these teacher efforts to offer outdoor learning opportunities have improved pupils’ willingness to participate. Likewise, how the pupils have developed knowledge of and used scientific concepts and skills in different contexts became visible when the pupils were allowed to try, explore, be creative, and observe in real life contexts in various places. In addition, the pupils have been given opportunities to ask, discuss and reflect on questions about various phenomena and processes in nature and humans. From the pupils’ point of view, this has contributed to their easier understanding of the content of the science subjects. These results significantly improve science literacy for science subjects in a school context (Holbrook & Rannikmae, 2009). © The Author(s) 2024.

  • 18.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Aamir
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lydell, Marie C.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Marklund, B.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a school-based adolescent health promotion programme with focus on well-being related to stress2008Inngår i: Proc. European Conference on Public Health: ”Health and innovation in Europe”, Centro Congressos de Lisboa 5-8 November 2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lydell, Marie C.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a school-based health promotion programme for adolescents aged 12-15 years with focus on well-being related to stress2008Inngår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 122, nr 1, s. 25-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate a school-based adolescent health promotion programme with focus on well-being related to stress.

    Study design: Interventional and evaluative with tests before and after the intervention. The study was performed in two secondary schools in a town on the west coast of Sweden.

    Methods: A health promotion programme comprising massage and mental training was implemented for a single academic year in one school (intervention school, 153 participants) in order to strengthen and maintain well-being. No intervention was implemented in the other school (non-intervention school, 287 participants). A questionnaire was developed and tested, resulting in 23 items distributed across the following six areas: self-reliance; leisure time; being an outsider; general and home satisfaction; school satisfaction; and school environment.

    Results: A pre- and postintervention comparison of the six areas was made within each school. In the intervention school, the boys maintained a very good or good sense of well-being related to stress in all six areas, while the girls’ sense of well-being was maintained in five areas and deteriorated in one area. In the non-intervention school, the boys maintained a very good or good sense of well-being related to stress in four areas and deteriorated in two areas, while the girls’ sense of well-being was maintained in two areas and deteriorated in four areas.

    Conclusion: Massage and mental training helped to maintain adolescents’ very good or good sense of well-being related to stress. A questionnaire with acceptable validity and reliability was developed and tested in order to evaluate the health promotional approach. However, there is a need for further study to develop both the intervention and the questionnaire for young people.

  • 20.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Marklund, Bertil
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    What makes the everyday life of Swedish adolescent girls less stressful: a qualitative analysis2010Inngår i: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 192-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress is a widespread phenomenon in society today, not least among children and adolescents. Stress-related ill-health has increased in this population and affects girls to a greater extent than boys. Against this background, it is important to acquire knowledge about measures that prevent stress, especially in girls. The aim of this study was therefore to illuminate adolescent girls' experiences and reflections about what makes everyday life less stressful. An explorative design, qualitative content analysis, was used. In-depth interviews were conducted with fifteen 17-year-old girls. The analysis comprised both manifest and latent content and revealed the girls' own experiences of and reflections about what makes everyday life less stressful. Three categories, 'Enjoyment and Recovery', 'Trust' and 'Insight and Influence', and nine subcategories emerged. The latent content of these categories is described by the theme 'access to sources of strength'. It is essential that persons in the girls' surroundings are aware of all sources that provide the strength to resist and prevent stress in everyday life. A climate has to be created in all arenas of the girls' everyday life in which they can access these sources of strength. Utilizing the girls' experiences and views about what needs to be done is the first step towards a preventive and promotive mode of working on their own circumstances and wishes. This approach is consistent with the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, which emphasizes the importance of involving the target group.

  • 21.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Research and Development Unit, General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Mattsson, Bengt
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Research and Development Unit, General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Underlying Social Processes Triggering Stress in Their Everyday Life: A grounded theory study2011Inngår i: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. E61-E70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to generate a theoretical model of underlying social processes that trigger stress in adolescent girls’ everyday life. In-depth interviews regarding the experiences of stress at home, school and during leisure time were conducted with 14 17-year-old schoolgirls. Data were analysed by means of the grounded theory method. Stress was triggered in the interaction between responsibility and the way in which the girls were encountered. Triggered emotional reactions took the form of four dimensions of stress included ambivalence, frustration, despair and downheartedness. These reactions were dependent on whether the girls voluntary assumed responsibility for various situations or whether they were forced, or felt they were being forced, to assume responsibility in interaction with an encounter characterized by closeness or distance. These forms of stress reactions could appear in one dimension and subsequently shift to another. From the public health perspective, the generated stress model can be used in the planning and implementation of future actions to prevent stress and promote well-being related to stress in adolescent girls.

  • 22.
    Hertting, Krister
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    “Someday it will be better again”: upper-secondary student athletes’ experiences of schoolwork and sport 7 and 14 months after the COVID-19 outbreak2023Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally, educational systems were thoroughly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Upper-secondary students were faced with school closures and distance education. For student-athletes, the COVID-19 pandemic, besides academic stress, also contributed to sports-related stress. In this paper, we explore upper-secondary school student athletes’ experiences of schoolwork and sport during two phases of the pandemic. A qualitative research design was used, and 53 student-athletes participated in focus group interviews. Three themes appeared: Struggling to cope with the new life situation, Reevaluating and longing for social life, and Speeding up the transition to adulthood. The themes were elucidated from temporal perspectives. The students experienced challenges in handling school, sports, and social life, but they also experienced opportunities for personal development. Student-athletes are a common responsibility between schools and sports, and, based on the results, schools and sports in collaboration need to increase readiness for action when major societal challenges, such as pandemics, occur. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Holmberg, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chaplin, John E
    Department of Pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Empowering aspects for healthy food and physical activity habits: adolescents’ experiences of a school-based intervention in a disadvantaged urban community2018Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, nr sup1: Equal Health, artikkel-id 1487759Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    This study aimed to describe adolescents’ experiences of participating in a health-promoting school-based intervention regarding food and physical activity, with a focus on empowering aspects. 

    Method:

    The school was located in a urban disadvantaged community in Sweden, characterized by poorer self-reported health and lower life expectancy than the municipality average. Focus group interviews with adolescents (29 girls, 20 boys, 14–15 years) and their teachers (n = 4) were conducted two years after intervention. Data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. 

    Results: 

    A theme was generated, intersecting with all the categories: Gaining control over one’s health: deciding, trying, and practicing together, in new ways, using reflective tools. The adolescents appreciated influencing the components of the intervention and collaborating with peers in active learning activities such as practicing sports and preparing meals. They also reported acquiring new health information, that trying new activities was inspiring, and the use of pedometers and photo-food diaries helped them reflect on their health behaviours. The adolescents’ experiences were also echoed by their teachers. 

    Conclusions: 

    To facilitate empowerment and stimulate learning, health-promotion interventions targeting adolescents could enable active learning activities in groups, by using visualizing tools to facilitate self-reflection, and allowing adolescents to influence intervention activities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia nervosa: An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome2015Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 26799Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia. Key questions were: What aspects of food and eating are related to orthorexia? What role do exercise and sports play in relation to orthorexia? In what ways are orthorexia contextualized? Consequently, the concept of healthism was used to discuss and contextualize orthorexia. The method used was an integrative literature review; the material covered 19 empirical and theoretical articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This review demonstrates a multifaceted nature of orthorexia research; this field has been examined from four different philosophies of science approaches (i.e., empirical-atomistic, empirical-atomistic with elements of empirical-holistic, empirical-holistic, and rational-holistic) on individual, social, and societal levels. The majority of the articles followed an empirical-atomistic approach that focused on orthorexia as an individual issue, which was discussed using healthism. Our analysis indicates a need for (a) more empirical-holistic research that applies interpretive qualitative methods and uses a social perspective of health, e.g., healthism and (b) examining the role of sports and exercise in relation to orthorexia that takes the problematizing of “orthorexic behaviours” within the sports context into account.

  • 25.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia is framed as exercise dependence in Swedish daily newspapers2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The framing of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers: A longitudinal qualitative content analysis2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 7, s. 27-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored and elucidated how orthorexia is framed in Swedish daily newspapers with a focus on characteristics of orthorexia. Key questions include: 1) how do the newspaper articles connect exercise with orthorexia? and 2) what trends in depicting exercise in relation to orthorexia do the newspaper articles represent over time? The method used was a longitudinal qualitative content analysis guided by the framing theory. We analyzed 166 articles published between 1998 and 2013. Our analysis revealed that orthorexia originally was framed as an eating disorder and subsequently included unhealthy exercise. Two trend shifts could be identified: in 2004, exercise was added as an element and in 2013 extreme exercise trends were described to influence the increase of orthorexia. The findings indicate that Swedish newspapers extend Bratman’s definition and depict orthorexia indiscriminately to describe a range of different behavioral characteristics. These results are discussed in terms of the idea of “healthism” and general health trends in society.

  • 27.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Katarina, Haraldsson
    Department of Research and Development Within Education, Halmstad, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Physical Education Teacher’s Professional Learning of Implementing a Health Promotion Intervention in the Practice of a Research Circle2022Inngår i: Health Promotion / [ed] Mukadder Mollaoğlu, London: IntechOpen , 2022, s. 75-94Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars recommend that health promotion researchers engage practitioners in the analysis and reporting phase and expand their ability to share their research beyond academia. The purpose of this study was to draw benefit from physical education (PE) teachers’ discussions and reflections of the implementation of a health promotion intervention in school during research circle meetings. The health promotion intervention ‘Pulse for Health and Learning’ (PuLH) focused on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, incorporating a child-centred coaching approach. This study has an action research approach. The research circle consisted of PE teachers (N = 22, approximately 18 per meeting) from eight primary and middle schools (from grades 4 to 9) in eight municipalities in Sweden and three researchers. The theory of ‘practice architectures’ was employed to interpret, discuss, and clarify what enables and constrain PE teachers’ implementation of the health promotion intervention. During the analysis, three discourses were identified: technical-rational discourse, participating discourse, and steering and supporting discourse. The practice architectures both enabled and constrained the implementation of PuLH. The research circle meetings stimulated critically conscious acting and decision-making through collaboration between PE teachers and together with researchers which improved the implementation of PuLH and contributed to PE teachers’ professional development.

  • 28.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Katarina, Haraldsson
    Halmstad Municipality, Halmstad, Sweden; School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Research circle in a health promotion intervention: Developing physical education teacher’s child-centred coaching approach2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research has shown that professional development positively influences teachers’ capacity to reflect on new knowledge and practice. One way of working with collegial learning in schools is through so-called research circles, in which teachers and researchers collaborate on specific content.

    Purpose: This presentation aims to illuminate how a research circle can develop and deepen physical education teachers’ (PE) critical reflection on a child-centred coaching approach.

    Methods: The research circle was conducted within the health promotion intervention. The intervention focused on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), incorporating a child-centred coaching approach. The research circle consisted of three full days during a school year with PE teachers (N=22, approximately 18 per meeting) from eight primary and middle schools (from grades 4 to 9) in eight municipalities in Sweden, and three researchers. The data consist of group discussions audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim in the research circle meetings.

    Findings: During a thematic analysis, three themes were identified: Creating an inclusive environment, Challenges to motivate all pupils, and Adapting MVPA activities.

    Conclusion: The research circle contributed to critical reflections that improved actions in the intervention and everyday practice, as the teachers learned from each other and the researchers when critically reflecting on a childcentred perspective on practice.

  • 29.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Kristén, Lars
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Källstrand Eriksson, Jeanette
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Empowering older people with age-related macular degeneration: An Empowerment-Based Physical Activity Intervention2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of incurable visual impairment. These impacts include loss of social activities, decreased functional independence, and reduced physical activity.

    The purpose of the study was to explore the participants' experiences and meanings expressed by people with AMD participating in an empowerment-based intervention.

    Methods: The study has an explorative design based on ethnographic observations and informal interviews during the Empowerment-Based Physical Activity Intervention (EPI). The intervention embraced empowerment as a process and adopted the reflective equilibrium community empowerment approach. The EPI was carried out over six months and comprised adapted physical activity and social activities twice a week—furthermore, individual health coaching on three occasions. Nine women and two men aged 70-87 years old with AMD in Sweden participated in EPI. Field notes of the observations were analysed using a thematic method with an abductive approach.

    Findings: The analysis resulted in five themes: a) Feeling seen and included, b) Having a sense of security, c) Developing physical skills, d) Feeling meaningful and social connectedness, and e) Feeling increased motivation.

    Conclusion: Based on the findings, EPI has been a resource for the participants' well-being and development. The findings also filled a gap in the research literature and may provide insights into the potential of creative supervised, adapted physical activity in groups, health coaching, and socialising.

  • 30.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    “If it’s not Iron it’s Iron f*cking biggest Ironman”: personal trainers’s views on health norms, orthorexia and deviant behaviours2017Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, nr Suppl. 2, artikkel-id 1364602Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs’ understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context. Five focus groups with 14 PTs were conducted. These were analysed using interpretative qualitative content analysis and Becker’s model “Kinds of Deviance.” In contrast to PTs’ health norms (practicing balanced behaviours and contributing to well-being), ON was expressed mainly in terms of exercise behaviour and as being excessive and in total control. The PTs maintain that extreme behaviours are legitimized by an aggressive exercise trend in society and that they fear to falsely accuse clients of being pathological. Certain sport contexts (bodybuilding, fitness competitions and elite sports) and specific groups (fitness professionals) contribute to complicating PTs’ negotiations due to a competition, performance and/or profession norm, making it difficult to determine whether or not to intervene. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 31.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The challenges in responding to unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours among clients: From personal trainers’ views2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 57-58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lundin, Ida
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, POBox 300, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    ”Appearance, that’s the only thing that matters” Personal trainers’ negotiations of valued bodies in a gym context2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness gyms have become popular places for physical activity. Several individuals exercise at gyms and an increasing number hire a personal trainer (PT). PTs have an important role in offering advice and exercise programs as well as detecting unhealthy behaviors among their clients. Norms regarding exercise habits in the gyms appear to be strongly gendered, which may influence PTs’ advice. The purpose of this presentation is to describe PTs’ health advice to clients. In total, 19 PTs, nine women and ten men, aged 23 – 47 years were recruited through purposive sampling. An explorative design was employed and seven focus group discussions were carried out. These were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis guided by a gender perspective. The findings suggest that PTs had a gendered health advice approach towards women regarding exercise and diet. The PTs gave reactive health advice especially to women showing unhealthy exercise and eating behaviors in order to correct these unhealthy behaviors. The specific advice involved a) eating more and exercising less, b) focusing on performance rather than appearance and c) avoiding heavy weight lifting. However, the PTs avoided to advise men showing similar unhealthy training and eating behaviors. The PTs also had a transgressive health advice approach. They advised both women and men to a) adopt a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, b) to prioritize and rationalize their exercise and diet and c) to eat a natural diet. The gendered health advice approach might give women and men different opportunities to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Men with unhealthy behaviors might not be supported by the PTs, which adversely can affect men's health. We recommend that gym managers and PT-educators increase their awareness about the importance of providing equal opportunities for women and men to improve their physical fitness and health.

  • 34.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Yring, Helena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personal trainers’ health advice in the fitness gym space from a gender perspective2020Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 15, nr sup1, artikkel-id 1794364Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aimed to describe and problematize the advice on exercise and diet that personal trainers (PTs) provide to their clients from a gender perspective. Method: The present study had an explorative design, and the interviews were analysed using an interpretative qualitative approach. Seven focus group discussions were conducted with 19 PTs (aged 23–47 years). Results: The findings indicated that the PTs had a gender-neutral health advice approach to both women and men, guiding them towards a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, prioritizing and rationalizing their exercise and diet and eating a natural diet. PTs also had a gendered health advice approach as regards women who showed unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours; advising them to eat more and exercise less, to focus on performance rather than appearance and to avoid heavy weightlifting. Some PTs acted evasively and did not give advice to men. Conclusions: Both approaches include advice that reflect health as control and health as release. From a gender perspective, PTs health advice both challenged and reproduced the stereotypical male norm in the fitness gym space. However, PTs gendered health advice may create different opportunities for men and women to promote their health and well-being in the fitness gym. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 35.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa2014Inngår i: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 2014, s. 37-37Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness center activities have gained popularity. One central role fitness staff members have is to help participants to become or maintain health and fitness. In recent years, a new phenomenon – orthorexia nervosa, which M.D. Bratman coined in the late 1990s – has emerged. He termed orthorexia as "a fixation on eating healthy food". Research has mentioned that participants in sports and fitness activities may be at higher risk of becoming orthorexic. Since the late 1990s, orthorexia has been noticed, also in Swedish newspaper articles. In so doing, the 'condition' has evolved to include fanatic exercise and eating behaviours. Fitness professionals might thus work with individuals that are considered to suffering from orthorexia. The purpose of this presentation is to elucidate and problematize ethical issues that are raised during the research that deals with personal trainers and group fitness instructors talk of health and orthorexia. The material will consist of four focus groups with 18 fitness professionals that work in Swedish fitness centers. It will be carried out as a qualitative study. This study raises ethical issues, including for instance: a) by focusing and giving attention to orthorexia, the study may contribute to categorizing "the problem", as well as enlarge it. This paradoxical situation as the aim is to contribute scientific knowledge that can problematize orthorexia; b) the challenge to manage and balance a critical approach without causing harm (e.g. introduce orthorexia to fitness professionals who might have an erroneous perspective of and/or have little knowledge about orthorexia) (cf. Halse & Honey, 2005).

  • 36.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Disordered eating outside the sport setting: Contextualizing representations of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1990s, Bratman coined the term orthorexia nervosa to mean an unhealthy obsession of only eating healthy foods (Bratman & Knight, 2000). The research is limited and orthorexia has rarely been researched in sport settings (e.g. Eriksson et al., 2008; Segura-García et al., 2012). At this stage, this concept is considered under establishment and negotiation – a process of formation where it is not clear what orthorexia is. How orthorexia is contextualized and represented influences the establishment and understanding of the condition and concept. The aim of this study is to analyze representations of orthorexia in articles printed in Swedish newspapers, with a special view on how the articles refer to sport as a social setting. Notions of healthy and disordered eating are influenced by cultural ideas in society. The language is central in this process as it creates and organizes beliefs about social reality. Perceptions and knowledge about orthorexia are created through, for example, newspaper texts. The material included in this study was limited to national, regional and local Swedish daily newspaper articles published between January 2004 and June 2011. A total of 102 articles were included as they explicitly dealt with orthorexia. The articles were analyzed using a discourse analytical approach through a qualitative content analysis. The articles represented orthorexia in different ways: a) (un)controlled and obsessive patterns of behavior; b) sacrificing social situations; c) an eating disorder in new clothes; d) a painful existence; and e) an invisible problem. Within the last category, the way orthorexia is represented in relation to sport points to how different norms and values apply in and outside this setting. Orthorexia is only considered as disordered eating in non-sport settings. In sport, orthorexic behaviours are considered standard practice. These findings thus further problematize disordered eating in and outside sport settings.

  • 37.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    “Men do not want to be associated with medical conditions that are perceived women-only issues”: gendered constructions of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers2012Inngår i: Perspektiv på idrottens prestationssystem – från debut till avslut: Abstracts: SVEBI 2012, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Favorable Adaptation during SARS-CoV-2-Pandemic as Told by Student-Athletes—A Longitudinal and Behavioral Study2022Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 19, artikkel-id 12512Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    (1) Background: The aim was to explore the impact of adaptive responses (resilience factors) on student-athletes’ behaviors during a stressful period of life during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic of 2020 and 2021. (2) Methods: A constructivist-based grounded theory (CGT) was used guided by a biopsychosocial approach. Based on purposeful sampling, 22 male and female student-athletes were divided into four focus group interviews (FGI) seven months after the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic (October 2020) and 18 of these were followed up by FGI seven months later (May 2021). The mean age was 17.65 and they represented golf and handball. (3) Results: The CGT contained four main categories seven months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak: Social support, Self-discipline, Physical practice and recovery and Management of everyday life. Fourteen months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak, four additional main categories emerged: More extensive social support, Belief in the future, Self-awareness and Responsibility and problem-solving. (4) Conclusions: The CTG suggests that student-athletes’ favorable adaptations to the stressful SARS-CoV-2-pandemic period 2020–2021 are based on a gradually developed ability to take responsibility for one’s own actions, insight into the importance of deepened social interaction, belief in a positive post-COVID future and increased awareness of physical activity and its relation to perceived health. © 2022 by the authors.

  • 39.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Facilitators of Physical Activity: Voices of Adolescents in a Disadvantaged Community2017Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 8, artikkel-id 839Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12–13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden. Following an interpretive approach, 10 focus group interviews were conducted to produce data for a qualitative content analysis. When the adolescents mentioned PA, they mostly referred to spontaneous PA rather than organized PA, and expressed that they enjoyed their PA engagement, which they stated was promoted by the variation of PA, available options for PA, their physical skills, and the presence of peers. They reported that social support from family and friends facilitated their PA, and they offered several suggestions regarding how the school environment could better support their PA. From the perspective of self-determination theory (SDT), the results stress the importance of facilitating intrinsic motivation with a supportive PA environment in which adolescents can satisfy their needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland

  • 40.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Possibilities and Challenges in Developing and Implementing an Empowerment-based School-Intervention in a Swedish Disadvantaged Community2020Inngår i: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 232-243, artikkel-id daz021Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe and critically reflect on the possibilities and challenges of developing and implementing an empowerment-based school intervention regarding healthy food and physical activity (PA), involving participants from a Swedish multicultural area characterized by low socioeconomic status. The 2-year intervention was continually developed and implemented, as a result of cooperation and shared decision making among researchers and the participants. All 54 participants were seventh graders, and the intervention comprised health coaching, health promotion sessions and a Facebook group. We experienced that participants valued collaborating with peers, and that they took responsibility in codeveloping and implementing the intervention. Participants expressed feeling listened to, being treated with respect and taken seriously. However, we also experienced a number of barriers that challenged our initial intentions of aiding participation and ambition to support empowerment. Moreover, it was challenging to use structured group health coaching and to work with goal-setting in groups of participants with shared, and sometimes competing, goals, wishes and needs related to food and PA. Successful experiences from this intervention was the importance of acquiring a broad and deep understanding of the context and participants, being open to negotiating, as well as adjusting the intervention. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  • 41.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    “A roller coaster, both emotionally and work-wise…”: teachers in Swedish certified sport-oriented upper secondary schools experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic2024Inngår i: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to explore how teachers at certified sports-oriented upper secondary schools (CSUSS) in Sweden experienced how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted their everyday practice and well-being. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 teachers (mean age: 44 years) from three CSUSS in southern Sweden. The interviews were analysed using abductive qualitativecontent analysis. The analysis resulted in one overreaching theme, ‘Making sense of changes in everyday practice and dealing with a changing world’, illuminating how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted teachers. The teachers described the first lockdown as an initial shock that brought about changes in their workload and daily routines. The second lockdown was generally easier to handle, but they spent more time on planning and preparations, and had a greater focus on conveying theoretical knowledge and physicaltraining. Throughout the pandemic, they experienced a lack of social interactions; nonetheless, supportive colleagues and schools provided some relief. The teachers also experienced uncertainty regarding constantly changing restrictions; they learned, however, the importance of being flexible and creative in coping with these changes. Thus, the COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted their everyday practice and well-being. © 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Att förstå förändringar i vardagen och hantera en föränderlig värld: Lärare och tränare i svenska idrottsgymnasieskolors erfarenheter av Covid-19-pandemin2023Inngår i: Svensk Förening för Beteende-och Samhällsvetenskaplig Idrottsforskning (SVEBI) årliga Idrottsvetenskapliga konferens: Program, 2023, s. 27-28Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Våren 2020 förklarade WHO SARS-Coronavirus-2 (Covid-19) en pandemi, som drastiskt påverkade omvärlden, människors vardag samt hälsa och välbefinnande. I litteraturen saknas dock kunskap kring hur lärare och tränare på idrottsgymnasium i Sverige har påverkats av och hanterat Covid-19-pandemin. Såldes avser denna studie att bidra till ökad kunskap om hur lärare och tränare på idrottsgymnasium i Sverige har påverkats av Covid-19-pandemin.

    Syfte och teoretisk ram: Denna studie syftade till att utforska hur tränare och lärare vid idrottsgymnasium i södra Sverige upplevde att Covid-19-pandemin påverkade deras vardagliga praktik, personliga utveckling och välbefinnande. Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) används som teoretisk ram för att tolka och förstå insamlad empiri.

    Metod: Individuella djupintervjuer genomfördes med 13 lärare/tränare (medelålder: 44 år) från tre idrottsgymnasieskolor i södra Sverige. Intervjuerna varade i 43 till 95 minuter (i genomsnitt 68 minuter). Samtliga intervjuer transkriberades ordagrant och analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i ett övergripande tema, "Att förstå förändringar i vardagen och hantera en föränderlig värld", som belyser hur Covid-19-pandemin påverkade lärarna och tränarna. Lärarna och tränarna beskrev den första nedstängningen som en initial chock som medförde förändringar i deras arbetsbelastning och dagliga rutiner. Den andra nedstängningen var generellt sett lättare att hantera, men de lade mer tid på planering och förberedelser och hade ett större fokus på att förmedla teoretisk kunskap och fysisk träning. Under hela pandemin upplevde de en brist på social interaktion; dock erbjöd stöttande kollegor och skolorna en viss lättnad. Lärarna och tränarna upplevde också osäkerhet kring ständigt föränderliga restriktioner; de lärde sig dock vikten av att vara flexibla och kreativa för att hantera dessa. Således påverkades lärarnas och tränarnas vardagliga praktik, personliga utveckling, välbefinnande och KASAM påtagligt av Covid-19-pandemin.

    Diskussion och slutsatser: Sammantaget belyser resultaten behovet av beredskap, flexibilitet och stöd för att navigera de förändringar som Covid-19-pandemin medförde. Genom att förstå de mångfacetterade effekterna av Covid-19-pandemin kan beslutsfattare, utbildningsinstitutioner och stödnätverk bättre utrusta lärare och tränare på idrottsgymnasium för att navigera i framtida utmaningar, som nya pandemier.

  • 43.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    What undermines healthy habits with regard to physical activity and food?: Voices of adolescents in a disadvantaged community2017Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 1333901Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to illuminate factors that undermine the healthy habits of adolescents from a multicultural community with low socioeconomic status (S.E.S.) in Sweden with regard to physical activity (P.A.) and food, as stated in their own voices. Adolescents (n = 53, 12–13 y/o) were recruited from one school situated in a multicultural community characterized by low S. E.S. Embracing an interpretive approach, 10 focus-group interviews were conducted to produce data for the study. The focus-group interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in two major themes: (1) the availability of temptations is large, and support from the surroundings is limited; and (2) norms and demands set the agenda. The adolescents’ voices illuminate a profound awareness and the magnitude of tempting screen-based activities as undermining their P.A. and healthy food habits. Moreover, several gender boundaries were highlighted as undermining girls’ P.A. and healthy food habits. The adolescents’ stories illuminated that it is difficult for them, within their environment, to establish healthy habits with regard to P.A. and food. To facilitate the adolescents’ healthy habits, we suggest that support from family, friends, the school, and society at large is essential.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Karlsson, Jan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Winroth, Jan
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bremander, Ann
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Haglund, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Förändringsledarskap vid digital transformation inom vård och omsorg: En sammanfattande rapport från kompetensutvecklingsprojektet ”Trygg motivation och inspiration” i Kungsbacka kommun 20182018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Kittelman-Flensner, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Vänersborg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    "Everyone can play football no matter where they come from": Discourses in open sport activities for newly arrived children and teenagers2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent international crises has brought about the largest movements of refugees since World War II. There is a need for constructive strategies to manage the challenges the comprehensive migration imposes on society's ability to integrate new residents. Research highlights the central role of civil society organizations to create trust, social networks and civic engagement, i.e. basic conditions for a democratic society (Putnam, 2013; Wijkström, 2012). International research also shows that civil society organizations and the voluntary sector can have a compensating function for economically and socially disadvantaged groups (Field, 2005; Portes & Rumbaut; Zhou & Kim, 2006). Many of these organizations have an ambition to welcome newcomers and offer a social milieu and a meaningful leisure time. Sports are often considered as contributing to the inclusion in society of marginalized groups (Misener & Mason, 2006; Schulenkorf & Edwards, 2012). There is a well-established notion that participation in sports promotes positive identity construction, social inclusion and education for democratic citizenship (cf. Donnelly & Coakley, 2002). However, there is little scientific evidence that sport has the potential to fulfill this role,

    In Sweden a strong emphasis has been put on the role of sports clubs to actively strengthen democratic values and equality. Different governments have provided extensive funding for this purpose, but also for the purpose of including children and youth independent of who they are and were they come from. However, there is little scientific evidence that sport clubs and their activities has the potential to fulfill this role in the community and there is very little systematically developed knowledge of how sporting activities and programs should be designed to achieve positive social outcomes (Rich, Misener & Dubeau, 2015). It is the leaders in the clubs that have the challenging task of ensuring that the objective of developing democratic values, equality, inclusion and well-being come true. Therefore it is important to examine how they understand and translate such normative goals into action.

    The overall aim of the study is to explore the ways in which a sport club, in the context of open sport activities, are working with and potentially promoting values such as intercultural understanding, inclusion and equality among young people, of which a significant part are new arrivals in Sweden.  Research questions focused in this presentation are:

    • How are the open sports activities  organized, and what are their stated purposes?
    • What kind of discourses and practices dominate among the leaders of the open sport activities?

    The sport club studied has since 2010 worked actively with various social projects aiming to promote intercultural understanding, inclusion, gender equality, counteract effects of social and economic segregation and increase young people's agency. The club is a football club which conducts organized football training for children and young people but have also "open sports activities" which is free of charge and requires no registration. Every other Friday arrange the sport club Sporty Friday” where they offer young people the opportunity to try basketball, football, table tennis, boxing, martial arts, wrestling and fencing. They also offer open football for both boys and girls and every week they engage 100-300 children and teenagers. These activities are financially supported by the municipality and are the focus of this research project.

  • 46.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Department of Health, Education and Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Pelters, Pelle
    Department of Education, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    From Hell to Heaven? Lived experiences of LGBTQ migrants in relation to health and their reflections on the future2022Inngår i: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, Vol. 24, nr 11, s. 1590-1602Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the lived experiences of LGBTQ migrants participating in a civil society group in Sweden during the migration process and their reflections on the future. Eleven migrants who self-identified as LGBTQ (seven male/gay, one female/lesbian, one female/bi-sexual, and two transgender/gay persons) from three local support groups for LGBTQ migrants agreed to be interviewed. Participants came from Guinea, Iraq, Kurdistan, North Macedonia, Nigeria, Nicaragua, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Syria, Uganda and Ukraine. Interpretative-phenomenological analysis resulted in three themes: Past: from daily stress to the fear of being killed; Present: safety, belonging and resources to support the transition to a new life; and Future: making a positive difference or being afraid of what’s ahead. Participants’ health-related journeys and reflections about the future were complex in terms of favourable and unfavourable lived experiences, which become resources and risks for personal development. Study findings offers an enhanced awareness of the complex landscape of, and interaction between, vulnerability and potentiality. Based on the findings, we suggest the adoption of a health promoting approach focusing on the LGBTQ migrants’ strengths and personal resources. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Källstrand Eriksson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Perpetuating ability to live life as usual: a grounded theory study of persons living with age-related macular degeneration2024Inngår i: BMC Geriatrics, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 24, artikkel-id 82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease associated with age that causes progressive and irreversible loss of central vision, while the peripheral visual ability remains. The present study explored what it means to live with AMD through the eyes of those living with the condition. Methods: This is an explorative interview study. People who were ≥ 65 years old, living in their own homes, and diagnosed with advanced dry AMD in one or both eyes, causing a visual acuity of no more than 0.3 or worse in the best eye, were invited to participate in the study. The method chosen was the constructivist grounded theory, where reality is seen as fundamentally social and processual and a way of accessing the participants' experiences, thoughts, and feelings. Results: In total, 12 interviews were conducted. Living with dry AMD confronted different problems and challenges. The substantive theory, Perpetuating ability to live life as usual, is characterised by a desire to continue life as usual, which requires an acceptance of the disease's progress, self-acceptance of the new me, and an acceptance that you must live the new life a little more carefully. Moreover, the participants used three strategies to resolve the main concern: 1) Navigating the new normal, 2) Trusting own ability, and 3) Interdepending. Conclusion: Maintaining an everyday life is the primary concern among people with AMD. In supporting self-care, gaining information about the subjective experience to support their everyday living is of the utmost importance. This grounded theory captures valuable knowledge of how the older adults resolved their main concern “you got to keep on” despite their affected vision by “facing the fact” live life as usual since life continues. Our study also gives rise both to implications for research and practice in order to strengthen older people with AMD facing their future challenges. Trial registration: The Swedish Ethical Review Authority (EPN 2021/02877). © 2024, The Author(s).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Källstrand Eriksson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    You gotta keep on: A grounded theory study of persons living with age-related maculardegeneration2023Inngår i: 10th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference. Sustainability and the impact on health and well-being: Abstract Book / [ed] Eva-Carin Lindgren; Vivian Violin Lönnesjö, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2023, s. 11-11Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractAge-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease associated with age with progressive loss of central vision, but the peripheral vision remains. The disease is considered the third most common cause of impaired vision and legal blindness in the world among people 60 years and older and as the elderly population increases, the prevalence of AMD is also expected to increase. Because of the progress of the disease, vision-related issues are accumulated and consequently also on the quality of life. The aim of the study was to explore the experience of living with AMD. The participants were ≥ 65 years living in their own homes and having a diagnosis of dry AMD in one or both eyes caused visual acuity of no more than 0.3 in the best eye. The method chosen was the constructivist grounded theory where reality is seen as fundamentally social and processual and a way of getting access to the participants’ experiences, thoughts, and feelings. The interviews were conducted in the participants’ homes or where they preferred such as at a library. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Full Text
  • 49.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Empowering young female athletes - a possible challenge to the male hegemony in sport: a descriptive and interventional study2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    N/A

    Download (pdf)
    SUMMARY01
  • 50.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Kan stärkta idrottsflickor utmana den manliga hegemonin inom idrotten?2003Inngår i: SVEBIS årsbok: aktuell beteendevetenskaplig idrottsforskning. 2003 / [ed] Göran Patriksson, Lund: Svensk förening för beteendevetenskaplig idrottsforskning (SVEBI) , 2003, s. 81-100Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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