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  • 1.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre of Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre of Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Zheng, Miky
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre of Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Larsen, Malte Nejst
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre of Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Glen
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports,, Copenhagen Centre of Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Krustrup, Peter
    Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark & Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    The importance of cohesion and enjoyment for the fitness improvement of 8–10-year-old children participating in a team and individual sport school-based physical activity intervention2017Ingår i: European Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1746-1391, E-ISSN 1536-7290, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 343-350Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the enjoyment and cohesion of school children participating in a school-based high-intensity physical activity (PA) intervention. Both enjoyment and cohesion have been found to be important factors for adherence to regular physical and sport activity, an important outcome of PA interventions. The sample consisted of 300 pupils (mean age: 9.3 years; 52.7% female) assigned to a team sport intervention, an individual sport intervention, or a control group for 10 months. The Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale and Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire were used to measure enjoyment and cohesion. The Yo-Yo IR1C test determined fitness improvements. Results showed that enjoyment and cohesion (social) measured at the beginning of the intervention significantly predict fitness improvements achieved after 10 months. No differing developmental effects over time could be found in the intervention groups with regard to cohesion and enjoyment when comparing them to the control group. However, enjoyment and cohesion (social) significantly decreased in the groups that performed individual sports. Team sports seem to be more advantageous for the development of enjoyment and cohesion, which are both factors that positively impact the health outcomes of the intervention. © 2016 European College of Sport Science.

  • 2.
    Elsborg, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Glen A.
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tolver, Anders
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Elbe, Anne-Marie
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Development and Initial Validation of the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire (VEQ)2017Ingår i: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, ISSN 1091-367X, E-ISSN 1532-7841, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 57-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study describes the development and validation of an instrument to measure volition in the exercise context. Volition describes an individual’s self-regulatory mental processes that are responsible for taking and maintaining a desirable action (e.g., exercising regularly). The scale structure was developed in an exploratory factor analysis which resulted in a reliable structure of the following six factors: Volitional Inhibition—Reasons, Volitional Inhibition—Postponing Training, Volitional Facilitation—Self-Confidence, Volitional Inhibition—Unrelated Thoughts, Volitional Inhibition—Approval From Others, and Volitional Facilitation—Coping with Failure. A sound theoretical explanation for these six factors is based on the Personal System Interaction Theory. This six-factor structure was also confirmed in a new sample in a confirmatory factor analysis, delivering an 18-item questionnaire with strong model fit and good internal consistency. In addition, the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire showed convergent validity because it was able to predict exercise participation. It showed incremental validity by explaining additional variance to the Sport Motivation Scale’s well-established predictors of exercise participation. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.

  • 3.
    Nielsen, Glen
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Appleton, Paul R.
    Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom.
    Bentsen, Peter
    Copenhagen University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Elsborg, Peter
    Copenhagen University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Predicting adolescents' continuation in club sports: A prospective cohort study of the importance of personal and contextual motivational factors in five sports in Denmark2024Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 34, nr 4, artikel-id e14616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the influence of types of motivation, basic psychological needs satisfaction and of a coach-created motivational climate on continued participation in youth sports across types of sport, competitive levels, ages, and gender. Methods: Participants were 7110 adolescent (age 12–20 years) members of leisure time club organized in basketball, handball, football, badminton, and gymnastics in Denmark. Motivational regulation was measured with BRSQ-6, basic psychological needs satisfaction and frustration were measured with PNSS-S, and coach-created climate was measured with the EDMCQ-C. The participants' continuation or dropout was measured at the beginning of the following season with a short electronic questionnaire. Results: Intrinsic motivation, identified behavior regulation, experiences of competence, relatedness, and autonomy, as well as a coach-created empowering motivational climate, were associated with continuation both in the sport and in the club the following season across different sports, genders, age groups, and competitive levels. Introjected and external behavior regulation, frustrations with the need to experience competence, relatedness, and autonomy, as well as a disempowering coach-created climate, were associated with dropout. Conclusion: In Danish youth sports, autonomous motivation, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, and an empowering coach-created motivational climate have a positive impact on the continuation of the sport and the club the following season. In contrast, controlled types of motivation, needs frustration, and a disempowering coach-created climate are associated with dropout. This is the case at both elite and recreational levels, for boys and girls, adolescents, and youth. © 2024 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 4.
    Nielsen, Glen
    et al.
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Jensen, Christian Jais
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Schmidt, Jakob Friis
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Gliemann, Lasse
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Andersen, Thomas Rostgaard
    Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Health promotion: The impact of beliefs of health benefits, social relations and enjoyment on exercise continuation2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 24, nr Suppl. 1, s. 66-75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how and why participants in structured exercise intervention programs continue or stop exercising after the program is finished. We conducted four focus group interviews with four groups of middle-aged and elderly men (total n=28) who had participated in exercise interventions involving playing either a team sport (football) or a more individually focused activity (spinning and crossfit). Our results show that different social, organizational and material structures inherent in the different activities shape the subjects' enjoyment of exercise participation, as well as their intention and ability to continue being active. In conclusion, team sport activities seem to be intrinsically motivating to the participants through positive social interaction and play. They are therefore more likely to result in exercise continuation than activities that rely primarily on extrinsic motivation such as the expectation of improved health and well-being. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 5.
    Stelter, Reinhard
    et al.
    Coaching Psychology Unit, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Glen
    Coaching Psychology Unit, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Coaching Psychology Unit, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Narrative-collaborative group coaching develops social capital – a randomised control trial and further implications of the social impact of the intervention2011Ingår i: Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, ISSN 1752-1882, E-ISSN 1752-1890, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 123-137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of narrative-collaborative group coaching on career development, self-reflection and the general functioning of young sports talents with the goal of achieving integration of their sports careers, educational demands and private lives. The intervention was based on a narrative-collaborative approach, with the intention of inviting the participants to share with and learn from each other. The randomised control design was based on 77 participants (questionnaire measuring recovery/stress, motivation and action control). A qualitative interview study included six participants. The group-coaching intervention had a significant effect on the scores for social recovery and general well-being. The qualitative study showed that group-coaching participants valued the shared process of meaning-making as especially valuable. Narrative-collaborative group coaching can be understood as a community psychological intervention that helps to support the development of durable social networks and the increase of social capital. © Taylor & Francis.

  • 6.
    Stelter, Reinhard
    et al.
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Glen
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Narrativ-samskabende gruppecoaching udvikler social kapital: Kvantitative og kvalitative resultater understreger interventionens sociale indvirkning2011Ingår i: Coaching Psykologi: the Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology, ISSN 2244-9698, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 67-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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