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  • 1.
    Caiman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasslöf, Helen
    Malmö universitet, Malmö, Sweden.
    Lundegård, Iann
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Hela skolan för hållbar utveckling2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här delen avslutar modulen samtidigt som den blickar framåt mot arbetslagets och skolans utveckling. Syftet med delen är att bidra till hur skolans personal kan arbeta med att utveckla en skola som har som mål att i verksamheten som helhet arbeta med hållbarhet.

    I delen presenteras en modell för hur en skola kan arbeta med skolutveckling som en demokratisk process. Delen diskuterar Framtidsverkstad, som är en metod för att starta en förändringsprocess. Den visar ett exempel från en skola och hur ett arbetslag genomför en framtidsverkstad. Ni får även möjlighet att pröva att genomföra en framtidsverkstad på den egna skolan. Delen tar också upp idéer om organisationsförändring.

  • 2.
    Caiman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Lundegård, Iann
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hasslöf, Helen
    Malmö universitet, Malmö, Sverige.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Didaktiska perspektiv på hållbar utveckling2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet ger en introduktion till lärande i hållbar utveckling. Det görs genom att ge en bild av hur de komplexa och ämnesövergripande hållbarhetsfrågorna kan karaktäriseras. Kapitlet lägger vikt vid att diskutera och problematisera de viktiga frågorna, varför behövs en undervisning i hållbar utveckling, vad ska undervisningen innehålla samt hur ska den organiseras.

  • 3.
    Ekborg, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Lindahl, Britt
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Ottander, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Rosberg, Maria
    Högskolan i Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Samhällsfrågor i det naturvetenskapliga klassrummet2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Granklint Enochson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Davidsson, Eva
    Malmö universitet, Malmö, Sweden.
    Hur och på vilket sätt kopplar lärare samman No-undervisningen med elevernas vardag?2018In: FND 2018: Forskning i naturvetenskapernas didaktik: Samhällsfrågor i naturvetenskaplig undervisning, 2018, p. 12-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Upplevelser och händelser som sker i elevernas vardag kan ibland problematiseras utifrån en naturvetenskaplig kontext. I denna studie har vi analyserat vi hur lärare,som undervisar elever i årskurs nio, använder sig av elevernas vardagserfarenheter då de undervisar, analysen bygger påKamberelis och Wehunt (2012) definition av hybrid diskurs-praxis. Analysen fokuseraspå den första inledande delen av lektionen, då läraren oftast är den främsta aktören i undervisningen. Denövergripande anledningentill att göra dessa analyser är indikationerna i PISA som visar att de svenska eleverna upplever den naturvetenskapliga undervisningen relevant men ointressant. I detta sammanhang blir det därför relevant att undersöka hur lärare talat om naturvetenskap i relation till elevernas vardagserfarenheter. Studien gjordes vid 6 olika skolor där totalt 44 lektioner spelades, dessa lektioners inledningar analyserades. 67 situationer detekterades och kategoriserades i tre övergripande grupper; Vardaglig kontext, Skolkontext och Språklig kontext. Vardagligkontext delades sedan i underkategorier ett exempel är: underkategorin, förklarande berättelser (12 situationer), har vi samlat de situationer där läraren, till synes spontant, hittar på berättelser för att kontextualisera naturvetenskapen. Noterbart är att inga längre berättelser förekom utan samtliga historier var korta kontextualiserande berättelser. Skolkontext hade inga underkategorier utan samtliga situationer referenser till andra skolämnen innebär att läraren relaterar till andra skolämnen genom att beskriva ämnesinnehållet som en del av en större enhet och skapar därmed en hybriditet mellan de olika skolämnena. Vid sex tillfällen gjordes sådana kopplingar till andra ämnen. Språkligkontext har tre underkategorier var av en är, Sammankopplar naturvetenskapliga ord med vardagsord, i denna underkategoriåterfinns främst på en av skolorna och då i ämnet kemi, när eleverna arbetade med ämnesområdet organiska syror. Genom att namnge de organiska syrorna med både vetenskapliga och vardagligt språk ger läraren eleverna möjligheter att se sambandet mellan det kemins ordval, askorbinsyra, och det ordval som görs i vardagen, C-vitamin.

  • 5.
    Hasslöf, Helen
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Malmö, Sweden.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Konsekvenser av handlande i en komplex värld2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med delen är att bidra till hur skolan kan arbeta med komplexa sammanhang, människans betydelse i förhållande till lokala och globala perspektiv av påverkan och ansvar, betydelsen av hur vi tolkar kunskaper genom olika värdegrunder och vilken betydelse vi ger individens handlingar. Det konkretiseras med exempel på fördelar och nackdelar med olika val. Det förs även resonemang om hur människans handlingar bidrar till och ifall de har betydelse för en hållbar utveckling i en komplex värld.

    Deltagarna får genomföra en undervisning som bygger på livscylelanalys (LCA) och redogöra för den. Erfarenheterna används för ämnesövergripande diskussioner om hur undervisningen kan utvecklas.

  • 6.
    Holmberg, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Perversity of enjoyment? Preschool music activities go neoliberal2017In: Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, ISSN 1354-0602, E-ISSN 1470-1278, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 583-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of empirical studies that examine the influence of neoliberal ideas in preschool music and teaching. Neoliberal ideas have primarily been studied in a broader educational perspective and related to preschool policy reforms. The aim of this paper is to study preschool teachers’ rhetoric concerning music contents and music activities related to neoliberal ideas. Data consist of group conversations with preschool teachers and of video observations of daily music activities, at one preschool in Sweden. Discursive psychology has been used as a micro-sociological methodological approach. The findings show that music in this preschool is characterized by popular music, and varied consequences for knowledge content and early childhood learning are highlighted and analyzed. Also, it is argued that neoliberal ideas, in varied ways, determine the establishment of music content. For many reasons, rhetoric concerning the choice of musical content is of great importance to the field of preschool education. For example, it is essential to music education research and to preschool teachers’ everyday work, as it can improve teaching and learning qualities and become a knowledge contribution in society at large. © 2016 informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis group

  • 7.
    Holmberg, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Lindgren, Monica
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sverige.
    Snacking on Knowledge and Feel Good: Challenging discourses on arts in education2016In: European Journal of Philosophy in Arts Education, ISSN 2002-4665, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 38-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to re-think the results of four larger studies conducted by the authors during the last decade, all with a discourse analytical approach. The studies are empirical and concern the Swedish field of arts in education and deal with a comprehensive material consisting of interviews, observations and field notes. In the results of these studies three prominent discourses emerges. A Curriculum discourse, where content knowledge is connected to traditions, norms and values of educational institutions, a Feel-good discourse that deals with content knowledge where social and personal aspects are essential, and a Snacking on knowledge discourse where content knowledge is portrayed as something students are able to pick and choose according to their own preference. Ideas of late modern society and arts in education are then used as a basis to carry out a critical discussion about the emerging discourses. Also different teacher and student positions are problematized.

  • 8.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Hillbur, Per
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Det KRAV-märkta barnet: Om subjektskonstruktioner i lärande för hållbar utveckling2015In: Resultatdialog 2015 / [ed] Vetenskapsrådet, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2015, p. 85-95Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Faculty of Education and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Environmental education as epistemological imperialism: How Swedish exceptionalism is constructed through the Otherness Machinery2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Sustainable development is often described as a global project, including everyone everywhere in the fight for a better ‘common future’. Theaim of this paper is to problematize this inclusive project through an analysis of how good intentions in Environmental and Sustainability Education (ESE)construct and maintain differences between ‘Us’ and ‘Them’. We are interested in exposing social constructions of normality and otherness in the taken-for- granted good intentions within ESE.Objectives: The analysis focuses textbooks used in Swedish schools, how texts and pictures operate as cogwheels in what we call Otherness machinery,discursively constructing who is ‘normal’ and who is ‘the Other’. We examine how representations of race and nationality construct (un)desirable subjects inside the discourse of ESE. The theoretical framework builds on 1) critical race theory and whiteness studies and 2) theories on double gestures of inclusion and exclusion in education. When trying to help or foster the Orher, we are, at the same time, in a double gesture, constructing the ones in need asabjects, those who ‘need to be saved’ into a specific norm.Methods: The empirical material consists of teaching material about sustainable development: five textbooks in science, civics and geography for primary and lower secondary school and two thematic fact books for school. From the books, we extracted parts that were concerned with sustainable development and environmental issues for a closer analysis.In the analysis of the material, we studied how normality (in this case Swedishness) and Otherness are constructed and who (in terms of the entanglement ofrace and nationality) is representing what. The question is how Sweden, or ‘We’, is constructed in relation to the Other and what discursive consequences these positions have attached to them.Results: The result is presented through five dichotomies structuring the ESD discourse: Tradition/Civilization, Dirtiness/Purity, Chaos/Order, Ignorance/Morality and Helped/Helping. Through these dichotomies we show how differences between ‘Us’ and ‘Them’ are constructed and maintained inthe textbooks about sustainable development and environment. Sweden, and Swedishness, are with help from different - uncivilized or immoral others - constructed as exceptional. We claim that these representations of race and nationality imply a colonial gaze.Conclusion: The paper addresses the risk that a child who engages in the ESE practice come to meet the world with a colonial gaze and an aim to foster the Other into a specific way of living. It discusses how the global project of sustainable development is transformed through a discourse of “Swedish exceptionalism”. In a double gesture of inclusion and exclusion, the rest of the world appears in need of help, development, or – in some cases – higher moral standards. The including ESE project must thus be understood as a colonial, and excluding practice – a form of epistemological imperialism.

  • 10.
    Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Mattsson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Ulvenblad, Per-Ola
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Weisner, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Slututvärdering av det svenska landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013: DELRAPPORT IV : Synteser för en hållbar landsbygdsutveckling : Utvärdering av programmets samlade effekter2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del av utvärderingen av landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013. Fyra grupper med forskare från universitet och högskolor har gjort slututvärderingen. Den publiceras i fyra delrapporter varav detta är en. Frågor som handlar om hela programmet besvaras huvudsakligen i delrapport IV. Frågor om enskilda åtgärder besvaras i de tre andra delrapporterna. En översikt av vilka frågor som besvaras i vilken rapport finns på följande sidor.

    Slututvärderingen görs för att besvara EU-gemensamma och specifika svenska utvärderingsfrågor om vilka effekter programmet har haft, i vilken utsträckning det har bidragit till att uppfylla målen och hur effektivt detta har gjorts.

    Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket ansvarar för att de svenska EU-programmen där Jordbruksverket är förvaltande myndighet blir utvärderade. Det innebär att utvärderingssekretariatet beställer och genomför utvärderingar av landsbygdsprogrammet, havs- och fiskeriprogrammet samt programmet för lokalt ledd utveckling inom regionalfonden och socialfonden. Programmen utvärderas dels var för sig men också tillsammans. Utvärderingarna görs i relation till målen i programmen och de övergripande EU 2020-målen.

    De flesta utvärderingarna genomförs av externa aktörer. Vi tar hjälp av forskare för att kvalitetsgranska rapporterna innan de publiceras. I slutet av rapporterna finns ett utlåtande från granskarna. Rapporterna publiceras i en särskild rapportserie och rapportförfattarna är ansvariga för slutsatserna. Slutsatserna utgör inte Jordbruksverkets officiella ståndpunkt.

    /Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket

  • 11.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Eklund, Monica
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Coteaching and the Collaborative Production of Embodied Learning SpacesArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at operationalize three concepts of embodied and situated learning in a coteaching setting; "hot situations" (Callon, 1998), "matters of concern" (Latour, 2003), and “controversies” (Whatmore, 2009). Teaching and learning in coteaching situations draws upon embodied and ontological effects called “intensities” (Deleuze, 1988). The questions that this study will answer are: what roles do these concepts play for learning between coteachers and what effects might this have on learning? The result from this study shows coteaching produces a place where different perspectives are allowed to emerge, as part of a co-conversational teaching style. Energies and affects, that may from a didactic view help teachers in penetrating layers of conceptual understanding of a phenomenon through the emotional and affective aspects of being two teachers, and from a student point of view work as energies that evoke a desire to share thoughts by taking part in this co-conversation.

  • 12.
    Kaderland, Annelie
    et al.
    Stenstorpsskolan, Halmstad, Sverige.
    Niit Ekstrand, Susanne
    Stenstorpsskolan, Halmstad, Sverige.
    Thornberg, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Folkeryd, Jenny W.
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Tväråna, Malin
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Wennergren, Ann-Christine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Att utveckla förmågor genom att prestera sitt yttersta2017In: Undersöka och utveckla undervisning: Professionell utveckling för lärare / [ed] Jonas Almqvist, Karin Hamza & Anette Olin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1:1, p. 101-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Elevers förmåga att resonera ska genomsyra alla ämnen i grundskolan. Man kan se förmågan som en demokratisk aspekt i ett flerstämmigt klassrum och som oerhört väsentlig ur ett samhällsperspektiv. Vårt fall visar att elevers förmåga att resonera kan utvecklas på relativt kort tid när lärare samtidigt studerar sin egen praktik. I kapitlet diskuteras fallet ur perspektiv som: bedömning, kommunikation, ämnesdidaktik och skolutveckling. 

  • 13.
    Karlsson, Annika
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Nygård-Larsson, Pia
    Malmö högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    Jakobsson, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Flerspråkighet som en resurs i NO-klassrummet2016In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 21, no 1-2, p. 30-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie avser att bidra till att öka kunskapen om språkets betydelse för lärande genom att analysera språkanvändning i autentiska situationer i naturorienterande undervisning i ett flerspråkigt klassrum på mellanstadiet. Studien beskriver hur nyanlända elever använder sina språkliga resurser genom att kodväxla mellan första- och andraspråk i växelverkan mellan en vardaglig diskurs och mer vetenskapliga diskurser som elever möter i undervisningssammanhang. Elevernas språkliga rörelse mellan och inom de olika diskurserna analyseras genom att tydliggöra de samtal eleverna för i kommunikativa undervisningssituationer. Resultatet pekar på att elevernas användning av kodväxling som en resurs i undervisningen ökar deras diskursiva rörlighet vilket i sin tur kan ha en avgörande betydelse för deras språkutveckling och lärande inom ämnesområdet.

  • 14.
    Knutes Nykvist, Helen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Aspán, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Balldin, Jutta
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    The imperfect - a prerequisite for democracy in teacher education?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Klingvall-Arvidsson, Bodil
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ring, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Ericsson, Anders
    Eleiko Sport AB, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Schough, Camilla
    Eleiko Sport AB, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Bohman, Anders
    Rantzows Sport AB, Hjärnarp, Sweden.
    Havdrup, Lotta
    Rantzows Sport AB, Hjärnarp, Sweden.
    Open norm critical innovation for relational inclusion (ONCIRI).- “New Sports material for children with and without disabilities”2017In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: Halmstad University, 22-23 November / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, p. 26-26Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Lagergren, Anniqa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Learning in new perspectives – entanglement of children, teachers and digital technology2017In: 27th EECERA Annual Conference: Social Justice, Solidarity and Children’s Rights’, Bologna, Italy, 29th August – 1st September 2017: Abstract Book, 2017, p. 230-230Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on preliminary results of an on-going study. The aim is to investigate entanglements of children, teachers and digital technology, where humans as well as materiality are considered as actors. Learning is a main concept in the research field of didactics and preschool practice. Research is also highly dominated by a deterministic and dialectic approach. Instead, this study investigates the becoming of an entangled child, where the child continuously is in intra-actions with other humans and digital technology. In this setting Barads (2007) agential realism becomes a way to problematise widespread beliefs about the learning child. In this study, the concept intra-action (Barad, 2007) is used to analyse the becoming of the digital child. Preschool children 4-5 years old, preschool teachers and preschool teacher students participated. They explored a digital App (Toontastic 3D) and created a story with sound and moving images in a Digital Laboratory Centre (DLC). Field notes and video registrations were used for documentation. Ethical standards were assured through written informed content by all parents and personnel, and oral consent from the participating children. Results show that children together with digital technology are strongly bound to each other during the activities. In these entangled becoming actions is reliant both of the children and the technology. Also, the spectrum of action possibilities increases during the process. It is interesting to further discuss the concept of learning in an agential realism perspective as learning emerges without any involvement of teacher students or preschool teachers.

  • 17.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Att intervjua elever om hållbar utveckling2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet beskriver hur lärare kan intervjua elever med avseende på arbete med lärande och hållbar utveckling.

  • 18.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Hållbar utveckling och bedömning2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här texten behandlar formativ bedömning som, eftersom den har fokus på elevers lärande, också går under namnet lärande bedömning. Texten kommer att knyta an till såväl utbildning för hållbar utveckling som ämnesövergripande undervisning. Anknytningen rör komplexiteten i frågorna, autenticiteten, det pluralistiska perspektivet och det demokratiska handlingsperspektivet. När det gäller formativ bedömning görs nedslag i autentiska problem, autentisk bedömning, planering genom formativt förhållningsätt samt matriser.

  • 19.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Intressekonflikter och handlingskompetens2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet belyser två perspektiv på lärande och hållbar utveckling. Det ena perspektivet behandlar demokratisk handlingskompetens. Det andra behandlar intressekonflikter i utnyttjandet av naturresurser.

  • 20.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Professional development in education for sustainable development – a Swedish example2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with an important part of the school's mission - education for sustainable development (ESD). It describes a teacher training and professional development module produced by the Swedish National Agency for Education, the central administrative authority for the public school system. The module is cross-curricular and aims at teachers in secondary school. When following the module, teachers work in project groups with collective and collegial learning. Five researchers representing the areas of ESD, education, science education and political science author the module.

    The module raise questions as; why should we educate for sustainable development?, what content should we deliver and how should we teach? These questions connect to pedagogical content knowledge (PCK).

    The why question, the purpose of ESD, is described as composed of three interconnected functions . The functions are defined as:

    • Qualification - learning to be able to act and contribute to society • Socialisation - to grow into current norms and values • Subjectification - To develop a personal approach in social contexts and to visualize subjects not previously noted.

    The other main issue concerns the question "what". What subject content will be taught in the classroom and what questions will be addressed? The central point is that content issues in ESD always rest on values that lead to conflicts of interest between people. Consequently, they should be treated from a pluralistic point of view.

    The third question addresses how ESD should be instructed. It is through activities that students train to use knowledge and thus develop it.

    The teacher training and professional development module consists of eight parts dealing with different perspectives on ESD.

    Each part is divided in four moments. The participants are working with theory and classrooms activities and reaserach based studies on ther own practice.

  • 21.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    SCIENCE|ENVIRONMENT|HEALTH – the issue of environmental education2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Skolan och eleverna – mottagare av kunskap och deltagare i förändring2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med kapitlet är att ge idéer om samspelet mellan innehållet i hållbar utveckling, skolans övergripande uppdrag och undervisningens organisation. Kapitlet utgår från hållbar utvecklings komplexa, konfliktfyllda och ämnesövergripande karaktär där det empiriskt faktabetonade möter det normativa politiska.

    Kapitlet presenterar också hur undervisningen kan organiseras med hjälp av grupparbete, värderingsövningar och rollspel.

  • 23.
    Malmberg, Claes
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Health education and citizenship - from democratic politics to individual responsibility?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research health is, in contemporary western societies, seen as an increasingly non-political issue. Rather than being at the centre of collective decision-making and democratic politics, health is more and more regarded as resting on individual responsibility. In our study we address the question of health education in schools as well as the question of citizenship. Our study consists of two parts. Firstly, we analyse whether health is portrayed as a political or non-political issue in teaching material, that is, whether health is regarded as a governmental or as an individual issue. Secondly, and informed by the results from our analyse, we dissect and problematize what kind of citizen (citizenship) that is constructed in teaching material. Our empirical data consists of Swedish textbooks for secondary and upper-secondary school in three school subjects’ biology, home economics and physical education and health. Our preliminary results are that the issue of health is quite strictly de-politicized and regarded as the responsibility of the individual, which not only corroborates previous research on health and citizenship. It also reinforces the currently predominant construction of the individual as detached from politics and democracy.

  • 24.
    Malmberg, Claes
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Health in school: stress, individual responsibility and democratic politics2018In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, in contemporary western societies health is seen as an increasingly non-political issue. Rather than being at the centre of collective decision-making and democratic politics, health is regarded as resting on individual responsibility. In this study we focus on, and explore an important and challenging socio-scientific issue through the concepts of politicization and the depoliticization. We address the question of health education in schools as well as the question of citizenship and democracy, which adds to research on scientific literacy and socio-scientific issues. The study consists of two parts: firstly, we analyse whether health—more precisely stress—is portrayed as a political or non-political issue in textbooks for secondary school; secondly, and informed by the results from our analysis, we dissect and problematise what kind of citizenship that is constructed in textbooks. From a theoretical framework of politics, the article explores how citizenship emerges. Our findings show that health, and more precisely stress, is depoliticized in the textbooks. Firstly, stress is regarded as an individual—not public or governmental—concern. Secondly, stress is depoliticized in a more rigorous manner by making its political dimensions invisible. A consequence is a displacement of stress, e.g., in school, from the democratic arena to the individual citizen. As an implication we recommend an education that emphasize a political and democratic perspective on health as a complement to the individual perspective. © The Author(s) 2018

  • 25.
    Malmberg, Claes
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Nilson, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nutrition education and citizenship - Individual responsibility and democratic politics2018In: XII Conference of European Researchers in Didactics of Biology: ERIDOB 2018: July from 2nd to 6th 2018: Faculty of Education / Zaragoza / Spain, 2018, p. 127-127Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, in contemporary western societies health is seen as an increasingly non-political issue. Rather than being at the centre of collective decision-making and democratic politics, health is regarded as resting on individual responsibility. In our study, we address the question of nutrition education in schools as well as the question of citizenship and democracy. The study consists of two parts: firstly, we analyse whether health – more precisely nutrition and diet – is portrayed as a political or non-political issue in textbooks for secondary school; secondly, and informed by the results from our analysis, we dissect and problematize what kind of citizenship that is constructed in textbooks. From a theoretical framework of politics, the article explores how citizenship emerges. Our findings so far show that health, and more precisely stress, is depoliticized in the textbooks.

  • 26.
    Malmberg, Claes
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilson, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Utbildning om hälsa och hållbar utveckling: Individuellt ansvar eller demokratisk politik?2018In: FND 2018: Forskning i naturvetenskapernas didaktik: Samhällsfrågor i naturvetenskaplig undervisning, 2018, p. 13-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsa och hållbar utveckling är två aktuella, utmanande och globala problemområden som för att närma sig en lösning behöver hanteras på såväl nationell som global nivå. Då utbildning ges en avgörande roll i att förmedla kunskap och värden, får dylika frågor därmed en framträdande plats i läro- och kursplaner samt i den dagliga undervisningen. På så sätt får utbildning en nyckelfunktion i att såväl kvalificera som att socialisera elever att bli aktiva individer och medborgare i ett demokratiskt samhälle. Följaktligen bör undervisning om hälsa och hållbar utveckling betraktas som samhällsfrågor med naturvetenskapligt innehåll.

    Syftet med den redovisade studien är att analysera och diskutera hur hälsa och hållbar utveckling beskrivs i svenska läroböcker för skolämnena biologi, naturkunskap samt idrott och hälsa. Demokratisk politik är en teoretisk utgångspunkt, och studien lägger specifikt fokus på skillnader mellan individuellt och samhälleligt ansvar.

    Forskningsstudien visar att läroböckernas framställning av hälsa och hållbar utveckling skapar det som vi kallar ansvarsparadoxen. Paradoxen innebär att frågorna är avpolitiserade och individualiserade genom att ansvaret för dess lösning placeras på individnivå snarare än på samhällelig / politisk nivå, även då samhälleliga och politiska lösningar vore mer passande.

    Hur läroböcker framställer lösningar på problem rörande hälsa och hållbar utveckling kan ha stor betydelse då dessa framställningar rimligtvis påverkar elevers förståelse av problemen och dess tänkbara lösningar. Vi argumenterar för att hälsa och hållbar utveckling i skolan alltid ska beskrivas som både individuella och samhälleliga / politiska frågor för att ge eleverna möjlighet att förstå och hantera frågorna på ett mer adekvat sätt.

  • 27.
    Nagy, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Fler bråk i matematikundervisningen: En aktionsforskningsstudie där lärare lär om progression2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have a focus on progression in teaching and learning mathematics. An assumption for this study was that progression in teaching between school stages was important. The approach of the study was based on action research. Four teachers from preschool to 9th grade (age 1-16) were invited to a temporary team, a community of practice. The overall aim of the study was to develop knowledge about teaching fractions when teachers used students’ understandings as a point of departure for their action plans. A second aim was to illuminate what influences progression in their teaching.

    The team of teachers used the four phases of action research: plan, act, observe and reflect, during their learning processes. The teachers’ learning sessions were videotaped and transcribed and this provided the main data that formed the basis of the results. Wenger’s dimensions of social learning were used as an analytical tool: joint enterprise, mutual engagement and shared repertoire.

    Four themes that described teachers’ negotiation of qualities in mathematics instruction were identified: interpreting students’ understandings, basing instruction on students’ understandings, visualizing fractions and ensuring students’ understanding. When teachers, regardless of what stage was involved, reified similar instructions, it did not benefit students’ learning opportunities. In order to improve progression in teaching fractions, it was important that teachers succeeded in identifying students’ understandings and that the team negotiated different qualities in their community of practice. The shared repertoire (the pre-tests and the video recordings) formed the core of negotiating progression based on students’ understandings. The team showed a mutual engagement, with students’ learning as their joint enterprise. An implication of the study is that teachers from different educational stages can negotiate progression and improve it.

  • 28.
    Nagy, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Teaching about fractions in mathematics: Professional learning about progression with an action research approach2018In: The 46th Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association: Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges: Abstract book, Oslo, 2018, p. 556-556Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Topic, aim and framework

    Progression in mathematics instruction can be seen as a quality in teaching that entails gradually increased demands on the student (Säfström, 2017). If there is a lack of progression in teaching or the demands increase too much, this can reduce students’ opportunities to learn. An assumption for this study was that progression in teaching between school stages was important. Furthermore, teachers should take joint responsibility for learning within their teams to develop the quality in teaching (cf. Wennergren, 2016).

    The approach of the study was based on action research. Four teachers from preschool to 9th grade (age 1-16) were invited to a temporary team, a community of practice. The overall aim of the study was to develop knowledge about teaching fractions when teachers used students’ understandings as a point of departure for their actions plans. A second aim was to illuminate what influences progression in their teaching. In addition, I intend to highlight the importance of the team’s negotiation of teaching fractions. Wenger’s dimensions of social learning were used as an analytical tool: joint enterprise, mutual engagement and shared repertoire.

    Methodology/research design

    The team of teachers used the four phases of action research: plan, act, observe and reflect, during their learning processes. The teachers’ learning sessions were videotaped and transcribed and this provided the main data that formed the basis of the results.

    Findings

    Four themes that described teachers’ negotiation of qualities in mathematics instruction were identified.

    Interpreting students’ understandings: By analysing students’ understandings through videotaped instruction, the teachers interpreted students’ understandings and observed which kind of instruction enabled learning.

    Basing instruction on students’ understandings: The teachers reified mathematical instructions based on students’ understandings, which entailed an expanded content.

    Visualizing fractions: There was not always an automatic correspondence between visualizing fractions with everyday materials or manipulative materials and the conventions regarding fractions within mathematics, which affected students’ learning opportunities.

    Ensuring students’ understanding: Even if the students seemed to be united about fractions, the teachers were uncertain how to ensure students’ understanding. The teachers were uncertain whether every student had an understanding of the concept and whether they were able to use their knowledge in another context.

    Conclusions

    When teachers, regardless of what stage was involved, reified similar instructions, it did not benefit students’ learning opportunities. In order to improve progression in teaching fractions, it was important that teachers succeeded in identifying students’ understandings and that the team negotiated different qualities in their community of practice. The shared repertoire (the pre-tests and the video recordings) formed the core of negotiating progression based on students’ understandings.

    Relevance to Nordic educational research

    This study contributes knowledge about diverse qualities in analysing students’ understandings by means of pre-tests or video recordings. The study also contributes knowledge about professional learning when participants have diverse experience.

  • 29.
    Nilson, Tomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Thorell, KristinaHalmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Cultural Heritage Preservation: The Past, the Present and the Future2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology describes heritage preservation, development and management from different theoretical views and disciplines. It integrates perspectives from history, human geography, archaeology, social anthropology and heritage conservation. The texts revolve around different dimension of culture and heritage via examples from varying contexts and locations. 

  • 30.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Capturing and Developing Preschool Teachers/ Science Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) through CoRes2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Capturing PCK through students´ experiences: A concern for policy and practice2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Developing Science Teachers´ Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) through the approach of Learning Study2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Self-Study and Pedagogical Content Knowledge2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    When Teaching Makes Difference: Developing Science Teachers ́ Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) Through the Approach of Learning Study2013In: NARST 2013 Annual Conference Abstracts, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to develop science teachers ́ PCK through their participation in a learning study. The research question that frames the study is “How do science teachers ́ learning about science teaching (PCK) develops as a shared practice through their participation in a learning study? As such, the project aims to investigate how teachers ́ increased (or not) professional knowledge of teaching is enhanced, and further, how students ́ learning might be developed as a consequence. During one semester, three secondary science teachers and a science education researcher worked together in a learning study in which the object of learning was to understand the concept of ion and how ions are formed. Data were collected from video recorded lessons and stimulated recall sessions in which the teachers and the researcher reflected on the lessons to analyze how the teachers developed knowledge of students learning and the impact of that knowledge on their own teaching. The results indicate that teachers ́ participation in the learning study proved to be helpful in their (re)considerations of their science teaching in that it points to the particular role of research-based learning in providing a metacognitive lens through which to analyze science teaching and learning.

  • 35.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Elm, Annika
    University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Capturing and Developing Early Childhood Teachers’ Science Pedagogical Content Knowledge Through CoRes2017In: Journal of Science Teacher Education, ISSN 1046-560X, E-ISSN 1573-1847, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 406-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, early childhood teachers have been faced with new needs to develop their content knowledge and pedagogi- cal content knowledge (PCK) for different science subject areas. In order to meet these challenges there is a strong need for professional learning programmes for early childhood teachers that focus on the development of knowledge, and skills to work with science activities in their own context. In this article, 46 early childhood teachers participated in a professional development programme aimed at helping teachers capture and further develop their content knowl- edge and PCK for teaching science through the use of content representations (CoRes). A CoRe is a holistic reflective tool for making explicit the different dimensions of, and links between, knowledge of content, teaching, and learning about a particular topic. The aim of the project was to investigate in what ways the use of the CoRe helped the teachers in planning and reflecting on their science teaching and in developing their PCK. Thus, the project was based on opportunities for teachers to develop and reframe their knowl- edge of science teaching in ways that stimulated children's curiosity for scientific phenomena. The result indicates that with its content- specific focus, the CoRe helped the teachers to highlight the science content in their activities, not only the general pedagogical knowl- edge. The use of the CoRes also helped the preschool teachers to establish the fundamental ideas of the topic they were teaching and to develop confidence in what they were teaching, why, and how. © 2017 Association for Science Teacher Education

  • 36.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Loughran, John
    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Developing professional knowledge as a science teacher educator2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Nyman, Rimma
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Säfström, Anna Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Taflin, Eva
    Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, Sverige & Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Rika lösningar på rika problem: att dela smörgåsar2016In: Nämnaren : tidskrift för matematikundervisning, ISSN 0348-2723, Vol. 199, no 3, p. 21-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Nyman, Rimma
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Säfström, Anna Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Taflin, Eva
    Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, Sverige & Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Rika lösningar på rika problem – att välja glasskulor2018In: Nämnaren : tidskrift för matematikundervisning, ISSN 0348-2723, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 9-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I en serie av tre artiklar tar vi upp erfarenheter från arbete med rika matematiska problem. I den förra artikeln presenterade vi problemet Att dela smörgåsar. I denna andra del har vi valt en enkel variant av ett klassiskt kombinatorikproblem i en elevnära kontext. Vi har samlat in lösningar från elever i årskurs 2–3 och synliggör olika uttrycksformer.

  • 39.
    Ring, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Klingvall-Arvidsson, Bodil
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Norms and materialities in Physical Education and Health: - ”I feel that I cannot contribute enough in sport”2017In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many understandings about norms and norm criticism are based on imaginations of inclusion and exclusion, as if values about right and wrong, and acceptable and non-acceptable behaviors belong to a world of relations that can be separated from embodied and physical things and practices. Norm confirming or norm critical imaginations are difficult to judge and even more difficult to change if they are separated from the physical performance reflecting these imaginations. This preparatory study is based on interviews conducted with children with and without varied forms of disabilities. The aim of the study was to investigate how children describe their ability in relation to collaboration, materialities, disability and norms within Physical Education and Health (PEH). The results from this study show that embodied and collaborative goal-oriented practices generate imaginations of community and belonging through a notion of contributing. The results indicate that informing, teaching, and learning about inclusion and exclusion do not naturally produce physical and embodied practices. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 40.
    Sjöberg, Jeanette
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Active Student Participation: A conflict of interest as far as Teaching and Learning is concerned2017In: Transforming patterns through the scholarship of teaching and learning: The 2nd EuroSoTL conference the scholarship of teaching and learning, Lund, Sweden, June 8-9 2017, Lund University, 2017, p. 304-304Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: There is little doubt that the complexity of student active participation highlights the need for more extensive research into the practices of teachers in higher education. The concept of ’active student participation’ usually includes a variety of perspectives on teaching and learning that enhances the idea of students supporting each others learning processes in different ways, such as peer teaching, peer learning and peer tutoring. In a time where student- centered learning is emphasized, these approaches to teaching and learning are highly relevant for a university teacher, but they are however not always as easy to adopt as it might seem. Given the fact that higher education institutions includes a set of traditional roles, such as the role of the teacher and the role of the student, surrounded by cultural expectations, students as well as teachers are not always inclined to embrace the idea of ‘active student participation’ in the classroom. In this study, interviews with seventeen teachers in a Swedish university, shows that even though they are working with student-centered learning methods, in which they firmly believe, they all have met challenges using these methods as far as the students are concerned. According to the teachers students do not always understand the pedagogical methods used for a student-centered learning approach, but mistakes these methods for lack of content knowledge from the teachers. In a traditional setting the teacher would be the active agent (lecturing) while students would be more passive (listening), while in a student-centered learning approach the students are expected to be active while the teacher take on a more passive role. This approach to teaching challenges both teachers and students and the aim of this paper is to discuss the conflict of using teaching methods that enables student active participation in higher education, where traditional and cultural beliefs of teaching and learning still are prominent in many ways. Consequently, it is suggested that student active participation methods can serve as means to challenge these beliefs and move beyond the expected.

  • 41.
    Sjödén, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Lagergren, Anniqa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Sjöberg, Jeanette
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Struggling to Learn or Learning to Struggle: Children's use of iPad apps as constraints or scaffolds for social interaction in Swedish preschool2016In: 26th EECERA Annual Conference 2016: “Happiness, Relationships, Emotion & Deep Level Learning”: Abstract Book, 2016, p. 76-76Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We aimed to investigate how young children's interactions with computer tablets (iPads) in preschool may constrain or scaffold collaborative and individualistic behaviour. Drawing from a contextual perspective on play (Edwards, 2013), our study combined perspectives on joint participation (Lave & Wenger, 1991, Wenger, 1998) and content analysis of apps based on learning science (Hirsh-Pasek et al., 2015) in order to analyse how certain app characteristics (e.g. 'playful' vs 'learning' apps, apps supporting 'social interaction' vs 'minds-on activity') related to children's peer interactions. In our view, apps differ from other tools and toys primarily by providing 'pre-packaged activities', such as mathematical tasks, puzzle-solving or rule-based games, which constrain and direct meaningful actions through interactive functions and feedback. Two Swedish preschools (35 children, 3- 5 years old) participated. We openly filmed children's tablet use during free play sessions, totalling 19h of film. Ethical standards were assured through written informed consent by parents and personnel, and oral consent from participating children. Preliminary results indicate that children's activities were constrained and influenced not only by the use of tablets generally, but specifically by different types of apps. For example, apps with 'creative' learning goals, such as Gangnam Style, afforded collaboration, whereas more performance- oriented apps such as Hungry Fish afforded individualistic play and struggles for ownership of the tablet. Our results have important implications for how 'play time' with tablets is assigned in preschool and call for greater attention to varieties in app content for how children engage in social and cognitive activities.

  • 42.
    Säfström, Anna Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Preschoolers exercising mathematical competencies2018In: Nordisk matematikkdidaktikk, ISSN 1104-2176, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 5-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mathematical ideas that emerge in children’s free and guided play can be both complex and sophisticated, and if they are linked to formal mathematics, they can be a powerful basis for mathematical development. To form such links, one needs knowledge of how children use and express these ideas. This is especially true in the intersection of arithmetic and geometry, where the intermingling of numerical and spatial concepts and skills is not yet fully understood. This study aims to gain understanding of children’s mathematical practices by describing the interplay of key mathematical ideas, and more specifically how young children exercise mathematical competencies in the intersection of early arithmetic and geometryThe results show that children can use spatial representations when reasoning about numbers, and that they are able to connect spatial and numerical structures. Furthermore, it is shown that children not only use and invent effective procedures, but also are able to explain, justify and evaluate such procedures.

  • 43.
    Säfström, Anna Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Progression i högre utbildning2017In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 56-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka innebörden och användningen av ordet progressioninom högre utbildning. För att ta reda på i vilka betydelser ordet progression används, och huranvändningen av ordet har förändrats över tid, genomförs här en systematisk begreppsanalysav vetenskapliga texter, statliga styrdokument och texter hämtade från svenska lärosätens hemsidor.Som utgångspunkt för analysen särskiljs progression i dess klassiska betydelse och progressionsom en kvalitet i utbildning, undervisning och läromedel. Resultatet av analysen visaratt ordet progression används i allt högre utsträckning, men ofta med oklar betydelse. Detframkom också att det har skett en förskjutning mot användning av ordet progression somkvalitet hos utbildning. En definition av utbildningsprogression föreslås, och konsekvenser förhögre utbildning diskuteras. ©2017 Anna Ida Säfström

  • 44.
    Säfström, Anna Ida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Nagy, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Embodied fractions: Conceptual difficulties in the light of grounding metaphors2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education / [ed] Ewa Bergqvist, Magnus Österholm, Carina Granberg & Lovisa Sumpter, Umeå, 2018, Vol. 5, p. 287-287Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fractions and rational numbers are known to be hard to both teach and learn, as there are many conceptual difficulties concerning fractions. For example, pupils may interpret the entirety of a picture as the whole (Mack, 1990), or seeing a part as a fourth as long as the whole is divided in four parts, regardless of the size of the parts (Ball, 2007). A recent study has revealed additional difficulties: Seeing fractions as divisions may hinder pupils to recognise one of the parts as ¼, and claim that it is the partition that is ¼. The role of numerator and denominator can be mixed up, or the denominator may be seen as the remaining parts, resulting in a picture of 2 fifths to be named 2/3. Pupils can also claim that a fraction has a specific representation, for example that it should be the upper right fourth of a circle that should be shaded, in order for the picture to represent one fourth. One possible reason for misconceptions is stereotypical or restricted use of representations of rational numbers, especially area models (Zhang, Clements & Ellerton, 2015). However, if the number line is introduced, there is a risk that the difficulties are transferred to the new representation. In the recent study, some pupils saw the number line as a whole, and place one half at the centre, regardless of the part of the line visible.

    In this study, we relate conceptual difficulties concerning fractions to Lakoff and Núñez (2000) four grounding metaphors for numbers, by analysing the underlying metaphors of visual models used by pupils when the difficulties manifest. The results give implications for the introduction of fractions in the early years of elementary school. Our poster will present how misconceptions can manifest in area models and on the number line, how these misconceptions are related to the metaphor implicitly used in the models, and suggested activities where metaphors aid the understanding of fractions.

  • 45.
    Thorell, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Diskurs, kulturvärden och mörk turism2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mörk turism handlar om resande till destinationer med attraktioner, platser och utställningar som förknippas med döden. Det anknyter också till krigsturism kretsat kring besöksmål där museum om konflikter och oroligheter är centrala. Med andra ord handlar det om att besöka negativt laddade kulturvärden med anknytning till politisk-geografiska dimensioner.

    I de flesta stater finns en historia som vittnar om konflikter, oroligheter och strider. Denna rapport belyser på vilket sätt detta arv levandegörs idag för turister, dagsbesökare och historieintresserade individer. Vidare problematiseras värderelaterade och etiska aspekter kopplat till dessa utställande verksamheter. Texten ger också exempel på konkreta besöksmål i olika delar av världen med fokus mot Sverige. Härtill kommer att diskursanalytiska aspekter kopplat till frågan om hur det mörka kulturarvet förmedlas lyfts fram. I detta sammanhang utvecklas frågan om hur konflikter speglas och vilka dimensioner av det förgångna som levandegörs.

    En sammanfattande konklusion är att det militära kulturarvet har såväl positivt som negativt och neutralt laddade värden. Hur levandegörandet av det militära kulturarvet förhåller sig till etiska dimensioner avgörs av vilket teoretiskt perspektiv diskussionen tar sin utgångspunkt i.

    Det argumenteras för att diskursanalys kan användas som redskap för att förstå hur makt formar det kulturarv som vi tar del av och hur sanningar konstrueras. Sådana analyser av kulturarv bidrar med förståelse för att det inte är något objektivt och neutralt. Arvet skildras utifrån en specifik kulturell kontext. 

  • 46.
    Thorell, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Food Security from a Spatial Perspective; The Situation in Advanced and Less Advanced Economies2016In: International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 3, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food security has been one of the most important policy issues on the global arena after the Second World War. The overall aim of this presentation is to describe preconditions for a sustainable food supply from a spatial perspective. Special attention is paid to the differences between advanced and less advanced economies around the world. The theoretical framework is based upon models which are explaining complex systems of factors that affect the preconditions for agricultural productions. In addition to this, theories about how population and environmental pollution change through different stages of societal development are explained. The results are based upon data of agricultural practices, population growth, hunger and nutrition levels from different countries around the world. The analysis shows that  factors which affect preconditions for agricultural production are dynamic. Factors which support the food security in the near future are a decreasing population growth, technological development  and innovation but the environmental crisis is associated to high risks. It is, therefore, important to develop environmental policies and improved methods for organic farming. A final conclusion is that the spatial pattern is clear; the food supply is sufficient within advanced economies but rather complicated in development countries.

  • 47.
    Thorell, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Vad påverkar trafiksäkerhet?2015In: Plan : planering av stad & land, ISSN 0032-0560, no 5, p. 40-45Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Går det att uppfylla Nollvisionen inom en överskådlig framtid när det gäller cyklister och fotgängare? Och vilken roll spelar egentligen miljöpsykologi och den fysiska miljön för att påverka människans beteende i trafiken? Dessa frågor ställer sig Kristina Thorell vid Högskolan i Halmstad. Hon konstaterar att trafikbeteende kopplat till riskbenägenhet är ett komplicerat område där flera olika faktorer spelar in, men också att människan tenderar att inta ett mer vårdslöst trafikbeteende i miljöer som innefattar låga risker, än i de med höga. Thorell menar vidare att sociala aspekter kopplat till normer och värderingar inom olika samhällsgrupper är värt att beakta i trafiksäkerhetsarbetet eftersom de påverkar människans riskbenägenhet.

  • 48.
    Thorell, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Är aktiv studentmedverkan magi eller misstag?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The presentation transfers theories and previous research on local participation in community development to the university sector. It expands upon the motives, hindrances and methods of participation in the university sector, and the opportunities participation provides for social and collaborative learning. Results indicate that social and collaborative learning processes integrate not only scientific or professional knowledge, but also different types of place-, relation- and process-related capabilities. Capabilities related to place include a knowledge that is linked to a specific society and shared among most residents there. It includes insights into the distinguishing characteristics of the culture, society and the business sector. Capabilities related to relation (otherwise referred to as social capital) include trust, cooperation and reciprocity. Capabilities related to processes include those that emerge when a group is undertaking a progressive work, such as social and collaborative learning.

  • 49.
    Urbas, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Hållbar utveckling – vem är och bör vara ansvarig?2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med kapitlet är att lyfta fram hållbar utveckling som en gemensam angelägenhet vars riktning styrs av de kollektiva beslut som fattas. Detta ställs i relation till ett individuellt perspektiv. Det politiska och demokratiska är genomgående begrepp. Särskilt betonas kategorierna som handlar om politisering och avpolitisering av frågor som handlar om hållbar utveckling. Ni får möjlighet att använda begreppen för att analysera undervisningsmaterialet som används i klassrummet och den egna undervisningens fokus.

  • 50.
    Urbas, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Hållbar utveckling, avpolitisering och avdemokratisering2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med kapitlet är att lyfta fram hållbar utveckling som en gemensam angelägenhet vars riktning styrs av de kollektiva beslut som fattas. Detta ställs i relation till ett individuellt perspektiv. Det politiska och demokratiska är genomgående begrepp. Särskilt betonas kategorierna som handlar om politisering och avpolitisering av frågor som handlar om hållbar utveckling. Ni får möjlighet att använda begreppen för att analysera undervisningsmaterialet som används i klassrummet och den egna undervisningens fokus.

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