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  • 1.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Svensson, Magnus
    Volvo Technology, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Consensus self-organized models for fault detection (COSMO)2011In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 833-839Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Methods for equipment monitoring are traditionally constructed from specific sensors and/or knowledge collected prior to implementation on the equipment. A different approach is presented here that builds up knowledge over time by exploratory search among the signals available on the internal field-bus system and comparing the observed signal relationships among a group of equipment that perform similar tasks. The approach is developed for the purpose of increasing vehicle uptime, and is therefore demonstrated in the case of a city bus and a heavy duty truck. However, it also works fine for smaller mechatronic systems like computer hard-drives. The approach builds on an onboard self-organized search for models that capture relations among signal values on the vehicles’ data buses, combined with a limited bandwidth telematics gateway and an off-line server application where the parameters of the self-organized models are compared. The presented approach represents a new look at error detection in commercial mechatronic systems, where the normal behavior of a system is actually found under real operating conditions, rather than the behavior observed in a number of laboratory tests or test-drives prior to production of the system. The approach has potential to be the basis for a self-discovering system for general purpose fault detection and diagnostics.

  • 2.
    Englund, Cristofer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Verikas, Antanas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    A hybrid approach to outlier detection in the offset lithographic printing process2005In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 759-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial neural networks are used to model the offset printing process aiming to develop tools for on-line ink feed control. Inherent in the modelling data are outliers owing to sensor faults, measurement errors and impurity of materials used. It is fundamental to identify outliers in process data in order to avoid using these data points for updating the model. We present a hybrid, the process-model-network-based technique for outlier detection. The outliers can then be removed to improve the process model. Several diagnostic measures are aggregated via a neural network to categorize data points into the outlier and inlier classes. We demonstrate experimentally that a soft fuzzy expert can be configured to label data for training the categorization of neural network.

  • 3.
    Englund, Cristofer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Verikas, Antanas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    A SOM-based data mining strategy for adaptive modelling of an offset lithographic printing process2007In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 391-400Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with a SOM-based data mining strategy for adaptive modelling of a slowly varying process. The aim is to follow the process in a way that makes a representative up-to-date data set of a reasonable size available at any time. The technique developed allows analysis and filtering of redundant data, detection of the need to update the process models and the core-module of the system itself and creation of process models of adaptive, data-dependent complexity. Experimental investigations performed using data from a slowly varying offset lithographic printing process have shown that the tools developed can follow the process and make the necessary adaptations of the data set and the process models. A low-process modelling error has been obtained by employing data-dependent committees for modelling the process.

  • 4.
    Farouq, Shiraz
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Byttner, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bouguelia, Mohamed-Rafik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Nord, Natasa
    Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Gadd, Henrik
    Öresundskraft, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Large-scale monitoring of operationally diverse district heating substations: A reference-group based approach2020In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 90, article id 103492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A typical district heating (DH) network consists of hundreds, sometimes thousands, of substations. In the absence of a well-understood prior model or data labels about each substation, the overall monitoring of such large number of substations can be challenging. To overcome the challenge, an approach based on the collective operational monitoring of each substation by a local group (i.e., the reference-group) of other similar substations in the network was formulated. Herein, if a substation of interest (i.e., the target) starts to behave differently in comparison to those in its reference-group, then it was designated as an outlier. The approach was demonstrated on the monitoring of the return temperature variable for atypical and faulty operational behavior in 778 substations associated with multi-dwelling buildings. The choice of an appropriate similarity measure along with its size k were the two important factors that enables a reference-group to effectively detect an outlier target. Thus, different similarity measures and size k for the construction of the reference-groups were investigated, which led to the selection of the Euclidean distance with = 80. This setup resulted in the detection of 77 target substations that were outliers, i.e., the behavior of their return temperature changed in comparison to the majority of those in their respective reference-groups. Of these, 44 were detected due to the local construction of the reference-groups. In addition, six frequent patterns of deviating behavior in the return temperature of the substations were identified using the reference-group based approach, which were then further corroborated by the feedback from a DH domain expert. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

  • 5.
    Prytz, Rune
    et al.
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Byttner, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Predicting the need for vehicle compressor repairs using maintenance records and logged vehicle data2015In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 41, p. 139-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Methods and results are presented for applying supervised machine learning techniques to the task of predicting the need for repairs of air compressors in commercial trucks and buses. Prediction models are derived from logged on-board data that are downloaded during workshop visits and have been collected over three years on large number of vehicles. A number of issues are identified with the data sources, many of which originate from the fact that the data sources were not designed for data mining. Nevertheless, exploiting this available data is very important for the automotive industry as means to quickly introduce predictive maintenance solutions. It is shown on a large data set from heavy duty trucks in normal operation how this can be done and generate a profit.

    Random forest is used as the classifier algorithm, together with two methods for feature selection whose results are compared to a human expert. The machine learning based features outperform the human expert features, which supports the idea to use data mining to improve maintenance operations in this domain. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 6.
    Schwarzrock, Janaína
    et al.
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Zacarias, Iulisloi
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Bazzan, Ana L.C.
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Fernandes, Ricardo Queiroz de Araujo
    Brazilian Army, Brasilia, Brazil.
    Moreira, Leonardo Henrique
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pignaton de Freitas, Edison
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Solving task allocation problem in multi Unmanned Aerial Vehicles systems using Swarm intelligence2018In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 72, p. 10-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The envisaged usage of multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to perform cooperative tasks is a promising concept for future autonomous military systems. An important aspect to make this usage a reality is the solution of the task allocation problem in these cooperative systems. This paper addresses the problem of tasks allocation among agents representing UAVs, considering that the tasks are created by a central entity, in which the decision of which task will be performed by each agent is not decided by this central entity, but by the agents themselves. The assumption that tasks are created by a central entity is a reasonable one, given the way strategic planning is carried up in military operations. To enable the UAVs to have the ability to decide which tasks to perform, concepts from swarm intelligence and multi-agent system approach are used. Heuristic methods are commonly used to solve this problem, but they present drawbacks. For example, many tasks end up not begin performed even if the UAVs have enough resources to execute them. To cope with this problem, this paper proposes three algorithm variants that complement each other to form a new method aiming to increase the amount of performed tasks, so that a better task allocation is achieved. Through experiments in a simulated environment, the proposed method was evaluated, yielding enhanced results for the addressed problem compared to existing methods reported in the literature. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 7.
    Verikas, Antanas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bacauskiene, Marija
    Department of Applied Electronics, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu 50, LT-51368 Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Estimating ink density from colour camera RGB values by the local kernel ridge regression2008In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 35-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an option for CCD colour camera based ink density measurements in newspaper printing. To solve the task, first, a reflectance spectrum is reconstructed from the CCD colour camera RGB values and then a well-known relation between ink density and the reflectance spectrum of a sample being measured is used to compute the density. To achieve an acceptable spectral reconstruction accuracy, the local kernel ridge regression is employed. The superiority of the local kernel ridge regression over the global regression and the popular ordinary polynomial regression is demonstrated by experimental comparisons. For a database consisting of 250 colour patches printed on newsprint by an ordinary offset printing press, the average spectrum reconstruction error of and the maximum error ΔEmax=3.29 was obtained. Such an error proved to be low enough for achieving the average ink density measuring error lower than 0.01D.

  • 8.
    Verikas, Antanas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Malmqvist, Kerstin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Bergman, Lars
    Department of Applied Electronics, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu 50, LT-3031 Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Detecting and measuring rings in banknote images2005In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 363-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various intelligent systems show a rapidly growing potential use of visual information processing technologies. This paper presents an example of employing visual information processing technologies for detecting and measuring rings in banknote images. The size of the rings is one of parameters used to inspect the banknote printing quality. The approach developed consists of two phases. In the first phase, based on histogram processing and data clustering, image areas containing rings are localized and edges of the rings are detected. Then, in the second phase, applying the hard and possibilistic spherical shell clustering to the extracted edge pixels the ring centre and radii are estimated. The experimental investigations performed have shown that even highly occluded rings are robustly detected. Several prototypes of the system developed have been installed in two banknote printing shops in Europe.

1 - 8 of 8
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