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  • 1.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Occupational Therapy and Gerontology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Eklund, Mona
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Occupational Therapy and Gerontology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Return to Work Outcomes of the Redesigning Daily Occupations (ReDO) Program for Women with Stress-Related Disorders: A Comparative Study2011Ingår i: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 51, nr 7, s. 676-692Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress-related disorders are a frequent cause for sick leave, with consequences such as great distress and adverse economic effects for the affected person and substantial costs for society. Identifying effective interventions that facilitate return to work is thus important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week Redesigning Daily Occupations program as a work rehabilitation method for Swedish women with stress-related disorders. The authors of this study hypothesized that, compared to women who got Care as Usual, 12 months after completed rehabilitation a larger proportion of the Redesigning Daily Occupations women would have returned to work, and they would have less sick leave, perceive less stress, and have greater self-esteem. Forty-two women entered the Redesigning Daily Occupations intervention and a matched comparison group received Care as Usual. The data, collected between 2007 and 2010, consisted of registry information and questionnaires targeting socio-demographics, perceived stress, and self-esteem. The findings partly verified the hypotheses. A larger proportion of the Redesigning Daily Occupations women returned to work and they decreased their sick leave and increased their self-esteem more than the Care as Usual group, but the groups did not differ in stress reduction. Thus, the Redesigning Daily Occupations seems to be a promising work rehabilitation method for women with stress-related disorders. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 2.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Eklund, Mona
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The Relationships of Hassles and Uplifts to Experience of Health in Working Women2004Ingår i: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 19-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish women are more ill than men are, often explained by women's heavier total workload. A balanced pattern of daily occupations is believed to promote health. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of aspects of the pattern of daily occupations and lifestyle factors to working mothers' health and well-being, and whether control influenced any relationships. One hundred working, cohabiting mothers took part in semi-structured interviews targeting health and well-being, control, lifestyle variables, and hassles and uplifts in the pattern of daily occupations. All variables were dichotomised according to a median cut and subjected to logistic regression analyses. Working more and having a university diploma were found to be risk factors for experiencing more hassles. Risk factors for fewer uplifts were having more than two children and fewer leisure occupations. Experiencing less control constituted a risk of low self-rated health and with an additional high level of hassles impacted on the experience of well-being. © 2003 The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 3.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    et al.
    Samhällsmedicin och Folkhälsa, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Spak, Lena
    Samhällsmedicin och Folkhälsa, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Samhällsmedicin och Folkhälsa, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Multiple Social Roles, Health, and Sickness Absence-A Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Professional Women in Sweden2012Ingår i: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 52, nr 4, s. 336-351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze associations between changes in social roles and physical health, mental well-being, psychiatric disorder, and long-term sickness absence over a five-year period. The study was part of a general population-based multipurpose project. Professional women from six birth cohorts born in 1935, 1945, 1955, 1965, 1970, or 1975 (N = 532) were interviewed twice. Self-rated information on physical health, mental well-being, long-term sickness absence, and changes in social roles was used. Information on psychiatric disorders was based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III-R and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV diagnoses. Multivariate logistic regressions were adjusted for age, socio-economic position, alcohol dependence and abuse, and health at baseline. An increase in number of social roles was associated with lower odds for poor mental well-being, odds ratio (OR) 0.4 (confidence interval [CI] 0.2 to 0.8), while a decrease was associated with higher odds for poor mental well-being, OR 4.5 (CI 1.8 to 11.0), psychiatric disorder, OR 2.6 (1.0 to 6.8), and sickness absence, OR 4.4 (1.6 to 11.7). The results indicated that an increase in number of social roles might be protective against poor mental well-being, while a decrease in number of roles might be related to increased psychiatric disorders and long-term sickness absence. More studies on long-term health implications of gender-specific experiences are needed. © 2012 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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