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  • 1.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Near-infrared and visible-light periocular recognition with Gabor features using frequency-adaptive automatic eye detection2015In: IET Biometrics, ISSN 2047-4938, E-ISSN 2047-4946, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 74-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Periocular recognition has gained attention recently due to demands of increased robustness of face or iris in less controlled scenarios. We present a new system for eye detection based on complex symmetry filters, which has the advantage of not needing training. Also, separability of the filters allows faster detection via one-dimensional convolutions. This system is used as input to a periocular algorithm based on retinotopic sampling grids and Gabor spectrum decomposition. The evaluation framework is composed of six databases acquired both with near-infrared and visible sensors. The experimental setup is complemented with four iris matchers, used for fusion experiments. The eye detection system presented shows very high accuracy with near-infrared data, and a reasonable good accuracy with one visible database. Regarding the periocular system, it exhibits great robustness to small errors in locating the eye centre, as well as to scale changes of the input image. The density of the sampling grid can also be reduced without sacrificing accuracy. Lastly, despite the poorer performance of the iris matchers with visible data, fusion with the periocular system can provide an improvement of more than 20%. The six databases used have been manually annotated, with the annotation made publicly available. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2015.

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    fulltext
  • 2.
    Hofbauer, Heinz
    et al.
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Uhl, Andreas
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Experimental Analysis Regarding the Influence of Iris Segmentation on the Recognition Rate2016In: IET Biometrics, ISSN 2047-4938, E-ISSN 2047-4946, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 200-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the authors will look at the detection and segmentation of the iris and its influence on the overall performance of the iris-biometric tool chain. The authors will examine whether the segmentation accuracy, based on conformance with a ground truth, can serve as a predictor for the overall performance of the iris-biometric tool chain. That is: If the segmentation accuracy is improved will this always improve the overall performance? Furthermore, the authors will systematically evaluate the influence of segmentation parameters, pupillary and limbic boundary and normalisation centre (based on Daugman's rubbersheet model), on the rest of the iris-biometric tool chain. The authors will investigate if accurately finding these parameters is important and how consistency, that is, extracting the same exact region of the iris during segmenting, influences the overall performance. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2016

  • 3.
    Krish, Ram Prasad
    et al.
    Universidad Autonóma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Fierrez, Julian
    Universidad Autonóma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Ramos, Daniel
    Universidad Autonóma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Ortega-Garcia, Javier
    Universidad Autonóma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Pre-registration of latent fingerprints based on orientation field2015In: IET Biometrics, ISSN 2047-4938, E-ISSN 2047-4946, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 42-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors present a hierarchical algorithm to register a partial fingerprint against a full fingerprint using only the orientation fields. In the first level, they shortlist possible locations for registering the partial fingerprint in the full fingerprint using a normalised correlation measure, taking various rotations into account. As a second level, on those candidate locations, they calculate three other similarity measures. They then perform score fusion for all the estimated similarity scores to locate the final registration. By registering a partial fingerprint against a full fingerprint, they can reduce the search space of the minutiae set in the full fingerprint, thereby improving the result of partial fingerprint identification, particularly for poor quality latent fingerprints. They report the rank identification improvements of two minutiae-based automated fingerprint identification systems on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-Special Database 27 database when they use the authors hierarchical registration as a pre-alignment. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2015.

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    krish15ietbiometrics
  • 4.
    Ranftl, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    A Real-Time AdaBoost Cascade Face Tracker Based on Likelihood Map and Optical Flow2017In: IET Biometrics, ISSN 2047-4938, E-ISSN 2047-4946, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 468-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a novel face tracking approach where optical flow information is incorporated into a modified version of the Viola-Jones detection algorithm. In the original algorithm, detection is static, as information from previous frames is not considered; in addition, candidate windows have to pass all stages of the classification cascade, otherwise they are discarded as containing no face. In contrast, the proposed tracker preserves information about the number of classification stages passed by each window. Such information is used to build a likelihood map, which represents the probability of having a face located at that position. Tracking capabilities are provided by extrapolating the position of the likelihood map to the next frame by optical flow computation. The proposed algorithm works in real time on a standard laptop. The system is verified on the Boston Head Tracking Database, showing that the proposed algorithm outperforms the standard Viola-Jones detector in terms of detection rate and stability of the output bounding box, as well as including the capability to deal with occlusions. We also evaluate two recently published face detectors based on Convolutional Networks and Deformable Part Models, with our algorithm showing a comparable accuracy at a fraction of the computation time.

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    fulltext
  • 5.
    Ribeiro, Eduardo
    et al.
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria & Federal University of Tocantins, Palmas, Brazil.
    Uhl, Andreas
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Iris Super-Resolution using CNNs: is Photo-Realism Important to Iris Recognition?2019In: IET Biometrics, ISSN 2047-4938, E-ISSN 2047-4946, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 69-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of low-resolution images adopting more relaxed acquisition conditions such as mobile phones and surveillance videos is becoming increasingly common in Iris Recognition nowadays. Concurrently, a great variety of single image Super-Resolution techniques are emerging, specially with the use of convolutional neural networks. The main objective of these methods is to try to recover finer texture details generating more photo-realistic images based on the optimization of an objective function depending basically on the CNN architecture and the training approach. In this work, we explore single image Super-Resolution using CNNs for iris recognition. For this, we test different CNN architectures as well as the use of different training databases, validating our approach on a database of 1.872 near infrared iris images and on a mobile phone image database. We also use quality assessment, visual results and recognition experiments to verify if the photo-realism provided by the CNNs which have already proven to be effective for natural images can reflect in a better recognition rate for Iris Recognition. The results show that using deeper architectures trained with texture databases that provide a balance between edge preservation and the smoothness of the method can lead to good results in the iris recognition process. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2015

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