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  • 1.
    Asker-Arnason, Lena
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Akerlund, Viktoria
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Skoglund, Cecilia
    Helsingborg Hosp, Dept Logoped, Helsingborg, Sweden..
    Ek-Lagergren, Ingela
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sahlen, Birgitta
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Spoken and Written Narratives in Swedish Children and Adolescents With Hearing Impairment2012In: Communication Disorders Quarterly, ISSN 1525-7401, E-ISSN 1538-4837, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 131-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty 10-to 18-year-old children and adolescents with varying degrees of hearing impairment (HI) and hearing aids (HA), ranging from mild-moderate to severe, produced picture-elicited narratives in a spoken and written version. Their performance was compared to that of 63 normally hearing (NH) peers within the same age span. The participants with HI and NH showed similar patterns regarding intragroup correlations between corresponding measures of spoken and written narratives. However, the participants with HI had significantly less diverse language than the NH group. The participants with poorer hearing (higher best ear hearing level [BEHL]) produced spoken and written narratives comprising more content words and they also produced written narratives that were less lexically diverse than the participants with better hearing (lower BEHL). The difference as to lexical skills emphasizes the importance of focusing on these skills in the group of children with HI. However, the results give support for a quite optimistic view on the development of narration in children with HI with HA, at least for picture-elicited narratives.

  • 2.
    Asker-Árnason, Lena
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ibertsson, Tina
    Lund University.
    Wass, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Lund University.
    Sahlén, Birgitta
    Lund University.
    Picture-elicited written narratives, process and product, in 18 children with cochlear implants2010In: Communication Disorders Quarterly, ISSN 1525-7401, E-ISSN 1538-4837, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 195-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore the narrative writing of 18 children, ages 11 to 19, with severe and profound hearing impairment who had cochlear implants (CI), compared with the performance of hearing children. Nine of the 18 children had prelingual deafness and 9 children had postlingual deafness. The hearing impairment was progressive in 11 children. The participants thus formed a heterogeneous group, which was split in two ways: according to age at testing and age at implantation. The narratives were collected by means of keystroke logging. The difference between the children with CI and the hearing children was most prominent for two measures: the percentage of pause time (in the group of children older than 13 years) and lexical density. Furthermore, the children implanted after 5 years of age performed more like the hearing children. This group consisted of children with postlingual deafness and also of children who were deafened progressively. Our interpretation is that these children benefited from the early linguistic input. Taking the whole group of participants into consideration, the results reflect linguistic and cognitive processing limitations in complex linguistic tasks like narration for the children with CI in comparison with their hearing peers.

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