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  • 1.
    Aggeland, Christoffer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Olsson, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Världen med notifikationer: En studie om individers upplevda känslor kring notifikationer på sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has increased exponentially since the Internet reached people's homes during the 90's. The social media Facebook alone has 243 million users in Europe, social media also became a primary choice for most users to interact with each other. In a  world where the information flow and each relationship are constant, a flaw emerged in how the social media interacts with the user. To investigate how individuals experience notifications in social media, affect theory by Silvan Tomkins was used and then supplemented by a literature review. The notifications were then examined qualitatively  using tests and  with the help of users in a focus group setting. This study resulted in  a defined set of emotions that individuals experience of notifications as well as  opinions  about  existing  functionality  and  proposed guidelines from a user-centered perspective.

  • 2.
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    The Influence Of Generativity On Value Creation – A Study Of Digitized Products2015In: 8th IADIS International Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Miguel Baptista Nunes, Pedro Isaias, Philip Powell, IADIS Press, 2015, p. 51-60Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement of digital technologies is driving traditional product oriented businesses to move from selling product to selling solutions. In order to exploit business potentials from technology, it is important to understand the potential of the technology and how it influences the value creation in a digital environment where it is developed and to be deployed. To understand this changing environment, I have studied remote diagnostics as an example of digital technology within the vehicle industry as a source of new value for business. The findings show that digitized products not only helps to solve existing problems in providing services but also provides potential to generate value for new products and services in the networked environment. An implication from the findings for product oriented firms is that value creation with digitized products requires new business processes. Based on the findings, a discussion is presented about how generativity influences value creation via value in design, governance and networking in a digital ecosystem.

  • 3.
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Towards Servitization in the Age of Digital Innovation: A Case from Vehicle Industry2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement in digital technologies drives industries to change their core businesses which present number of challenges. One of them is transformation of manufacturing industries towards servitization. This paper reports empirical findings from an on-going project related to servitization in the age of digital innovation. The research study is in the context of the vehicle industry and concerns e-maintenance services based on remote diagnostics technologies. It explores the servitization of vehicle industry in the age of digital innovation. Such innovations embark challenges to innovation environment. A study in this regard has been conducted and it revealed the challenges related to the design, organizational strategy and organizational transformation.

  • 4.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Balancing Generativity and Control of Digitized Products – A Study of Digitized Buses and Remote Diagnostic ServicesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Berggren, Karl
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Kommunikation och samarbete inom e-learning: En studie av lärares användning av lärplattformen Blackboard2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    E-­‐learning har de senaste åren blivit ett populärt sätt att bedriva utbildning.Geno me-­‐learning ges möjlighet till flexibelt lärande vilket innebär att studenter kan studera oberoende av geografiska och tidsmässiga aspekter, genom så kallade lärplattformar. Dock har vissa problem med formen på utbildningen upptäcks där brist på kommunikation och samarbete lyfts fram som viktiga faktorer. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur lärplattformar används av lärare för att stödja kommunikation och samarbete inom e-­‐learningkurser. Genom en empirisk studie bestående av intervjuer med lärare kunde de främsta problemen angående kommunikation identifieras och lösningar på dessa erbjudas. Dessa visar på att möjligheten till direkt kommunikation mellan studenter och gentemot lärare är den främst bidragande faktorn till problemen. Studiens resultat visar på att lärplattformar och lärare borde möjliggöra och främja direkt kommunikation mellan studenter genom såväl design som kursupplägg.

  • 6.
    Begovic, Lejla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Segerhammar, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Strategic Alignment i en digital era: En studie om hur Robotic Process Automation (RPA) påverkar relationen mellan IT-avdelningen och verksamheten i en organisation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More businesses are taking their own initiative to drive a lightweight type of technology in order to be able to fulfill their needs in a faster and more efficient way. A popular example of such a technology is Robotic Process Automation (RPA) used in organization to automate processes. What distinguishes RPA from more traditional techniques is that the robotisation software interacts with the user interface in the same way as a human being does. This means that RPA is not dependent on programming skills and can be managed by the business itself, outside the IT-function. This challenges Strategic alignment, which has been of importance to how organizations built a strategic way of working with IT in the organization to support business processes. This study therefore aims to investigate how the relationship between the IT-function and the business is affected by the introduction of RPA in an organization. The study was based on a qualitative research approach at three different companies. The result showed that the relationship between the IT-function and business is affected by organizational changes that take place when RPA technology is introduced into the business where a new department arises, the RPA-function. The result showed that there is no clear division between the IT department and the business, which means that organizations need to find new ways to cooperate and establish relationships.

  • 7.
    Bengtsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Homovic, Enesa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Co-Creating value: Motivation till att delta i Co-Creation via ett innovation community2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, organizations have begun to work with consumers to jointly develop ideas and create new products. The organization co-create a value with consumers, also known as co-creation. This approach has become increasingly common, thanks to the development of Web technology. Organizations can now create innovation together with consumers online, for example through innovation communities. The aim of the study was to examine what motivates users in the organization driven online communities to participate in co-creation. This is to give greater insight into how an innovation community can be created to motivate consumers to contribute to co-creation. To answer this research question, we conducted a netnographic study consisting of observations and interviews. The study showed that users are motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors and that they co-operate. As confirmed by previous studies we also see the importance of interaction from the organization. In this thesis we address issues that can affect users' motivation to contribute. We also discuss the importance of the extrinsic motivational factors and how they affect the users’ intrinsic motivation.

  • 8.
    Bentes, João
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Service platform for continuous delivery of assisted living systems2016In: Middleware Doctoral Symposium'16: Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium of the 17th International Middleware Conference, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, article id 6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A smart home has potential to support independent living of elderly people in their preferred living environments. However, smart home systems do not fully address the aims of Ambient assisted living (AAL), mainly due to limited support outside the home. This need of continuous delivery of assistance for elderly people on the go require technology which extends the home into the society. This ongoing work proposes to identify the architectural requirements for a service platform being able to continuously deliver assistive services at home and beyond. © 2016 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.

  • 9.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Genres in Action: Negotiating Genres in Practice1999In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, 1999. HICSS-32. (Volume:Track2), Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society, 1999, Vol. Track2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Presents the initial findings of a genre-based case study at a large Swedish company, with a record of early use of internal e-mail (1982). The design of the particular e-mail system was closely mapped to the organizational hierarchy. One of our informants kept one week of incoming e-mail messages. We then asked questions about each message and how it related to the work of the informant and to the organization. Based on the messages and the interviews, we clustered the messages into different genres. Most of the literature on genres of organizational communication has focused on the genres themselves, e.g. e-mail messages constituting different instances of genres. We found, however, that many messages, rather than being instances of genres, were part of informal conversations. In these conversations, however, it was common to discuss and negotiate which genres were appropriate to use in different situations. © 1999 IEEE

  • 10.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    The Viktoria Institute, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    janl@viktoria.informatik.gu.se.
    The power of gifts: organizing social relationships in open source communities2001In: Information Systems Journal, ISSN 1350-1917, E-ISSN 1365-2575, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 305-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In writings on the open source software development model, it is often argued that it is successful as a result of the gift economy that embraces activities in online communities. However, the theoretical foundations for this argument are seldom discussed and empirically tested. Starting with the ‘classic’ theories of gift giving, we discuss how they need to be developed in order to explain gift-giving practices in digital domains. In this paper, we argue that the gift economy is important, not only because it creates openness, but also because it organizes relationships between people in a certain way. Open source software development relies on gift giving as a way of getting new ideas and prototypes out into circulation. This also implies that the giver gets power from giving away. This power is used as a way of guaranteeing the quality of the code. We relate this practice to how gifts, in the form of new scientific knowledge, are given to the research community, and how this is done through peer review processes. © 2001 Blackwell Science Ltd

  • 11.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Knowledge Management Group, Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Knowledge Management Group, Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundh-Snis, Ulrika
    Laboratorium for Interaction Technology, Trollhättan Uddevalla University, Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Practising peer review in organizations: a qualifier for knowledge dissemination and legitimization2001In: JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), ISSN 0268-3962, E-ISSN 1466-4437, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 99-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key issue in many organizations is how to disseminate information in an effective way and, more importantly, how to make use of this information in order to create new knowledge. One way of addressing this problem is to focus on how information is socially transformed into knowledge. This includes how knowledge is handled in practice and how the knowledge produced is qualified as being something worth knowing and acting upon. Two well-established practices for doing this are the refereeing system and the peer review process. These are used in scientific communities as a means of validating and legitimating knowledge, for example by reviewing journal papers before publishing or project proposals before granting funds, etc. This paper argues that peer review is a useful concept when looking at knowledge creation and legitimization in organizations. The social meaning of peer review is to legitimize new knowledge by organizationally sanctioning it and thereby creating a platform for collective sense making. This paper uses an example from a field study in a pharmaceutical company in order to illustrate this argument. The study took place in a quality support department where the quality of health care products and processes was assessed. The organization had a need for fast and reliable updating of information that could influence how the production process of pharmaceuticals should be carried out. In order to cope with these problems the department established an 'evaluation loop', which shared several characteristics with the peer review process.

  • 12.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Remneland, Björn
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From e-government to e-governance: social media and public authorities legitimacy work2017In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), 2017, p. 858-872Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media increasingly condition how public authorities build legitimacy when engaging with citizens. In this paper we report on a study of the increasing use of and exposure to social media and social networking platforms in two Swedish public authorities, the Social Insurance Agency (SIA) and the police force. Although formally grounded on the same civic principles, the two authorities have significantly different approaches to social media as a way to generate internal and external legitimacy. SIA has mainly implemented an e-government approach to rationalize services to become more efficient and customer oriented, by using social media as one of several media channels. The police force, however, adopted an e-governance approach to build legitimacy through interaction and reflexive discussion between government and citizens as a way to create transparency and nuance citizens’ attitude towards the police force. Building on a two-dimensional public government/governance framework, we reflect on how the two studied authorities’ social media practices shape and are shaped by different governing practices in their legitimacy work.

  • 13.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Remneland Wikhamn, Björn
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Playful Police: The Role of Social Media in Public Institutions’ Legitimacy Work2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public authorities are rarely associated with creativity and playfulness. Rather, it can be threatening civic legitimacy. With the introduction of social media, a new channel opens possibilities for officers to meet the public and interact in more personal and creative ways than previously. Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter, have become important in people’s everyday lives as well as for organizational use. These technologies encourage self-expression, and allow users to create and share content, to comment and show appreciation or dislike of content. It also makes social networks visible. For public authorities, social media is a double-edged sword. It is a promising technology for dialogue with the citizens, but it may also facilitate the mobilization and coordination of criticism from the public. This is due to the dynamics and disruption afforded by the social media platforms. With the Swedish police officers’ Facebook interaction as empirical setting, the aim of this paper is to discuss how the increased use of social media affects the police’s legitimacy work. The study contributes with a deeper understanding of the interplay between social media and competing value logics in the context of public authorities, as it highlights the institutional tensions between official authority and playfulness. The empirical example of the police is used to show how social media creates new possibilities for creativity and playfulness.

  • 14.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden & SSKKII, Department of Ethnology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Mörck, Magnus
    SSKKII, Department of Ethnology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    From fever to flu: the rhetoric of reporting Asia in a Swedish business magazine1999In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 235-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper some aspects of the stereotyping of China and Japan are explored by using a sample of articles from a Swedish business magazine. The main objective is to show how stereotypes are adapted to capture new developments in economy and technology. During the years of high hopes for the largest Asian economies, stereotypes proved to be far from timeless and unchanging. Also a large number of metaphors were used to express perceived similarities between East and West, further undermining tradi-tional Western understanding of Asia as inert and eternally different. The recent decline of Japan put an end to this, creating a return to a vocabulary of cultural characterisations and explanations. © 1999 Springer-Verlag London Limited.

  • 15.
    Berntsson, Cajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Kjellson, Alice
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Utmaningar med responsiv webbdesign: En studie i webbyråmiljö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The variety of devices for web use increases, but some web sites are still being developed with PC:s as their only priority. Responsive web design is a way of developing web sites for all devices on the market, and therefore creating new opportunities for web development. The area is still new and relatively unexplored, and there are challenges that can be difficult to address. The thesis maps out challenges found in scientific literature, and confirmes or denies and supplements identified challenges through an empirical study. The thesis concludes with an introduction to a framework with challenges in responsive webdesign.

  • 16.
    Bygstad, Bendik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Horizontal Affordances for Patient Centred Care in Hospitals2018In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2018, p. 3170-3179Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While it is generally accepted that patient centred care should be the guiding principle for the delivery of health services, it is not yet clear how this should be digitalised. What is clear, however, is that the current IT solutions are not satisfactory. In this research, we suggest the affordance construct as an analytical lens to understand how technological artefacts and human agency can generate action possibilities to support horizontal process innovation by asking: (i) which affordances enable digitalisation of patient centred healthcare, and (ii) how can these identified affordances be leveraged to innovate patient centred digital hospitals.

    Our empirical evidence is a comparative study of two hospitals in Sweden and Norway. Our theoretical contribution is the identification of six horizontal affordances for patient centred care. The practical contribution is that horizontal affordances emerge through configurations of human actors and lightweight IT solutions, loosely coupled to heavy weight systems.

  • 17.
    Cheung, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Persdotter, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Designprinciper för att stödja nyanlända genom hybrida digitala kamratstöd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier med sina över två miljarder användare världen över har möjliggjort en väg för hälsorelaterade insatser. Trots att undersökningar om dess användning för hälsorelaterade ändamål är begränsad finns det fördelar. Exempelvis erbjuder sociala medier samarbete mellan olika användare och ger möjligheter för individer att dela sina historier och erfarenheter med andra. Det blir likt ett digitalt kamratstöd som är en typ av socialt stöd som sammankopplar människor med liknande bakgrunder eller upplevelser genom kommunikation, empati, förtroende, känslomässigt stöd, och råd. Digitalt kamratstöd kan specifikt vara lämpligt för nyanlända, en målgrupp som möter utmaningar när det kommer till kommunikation, ekonomisk integration, lokalisering och som dessutom möter en fragmenterad stödsektor. En hybrid av de båda mediumen sociala medier och traditionella digitala kamratstöd efterlyses och det behöver undersökas vilka komponenter som ska kombineras. Därtill behöver kontextuella och kulturella faktorer hos nyanlända undersökas för hur digital teknik kan stödja dem.

    Denna studie ämnar undersöka hur hybrida digitala kamratstöd kan designas för att stödja nyanlända genom att använda komponenter från både sociala medier och traditionella digitala kamratstöd. En studie med en kvalitativ ansats har genomförts där insamlad data har legat till grund för designmål och designutmaningar. Dessa applicerades i en prototyp som sedan utvärderades av tio testpersoner. Utifrån utvärderingen identifierades fem teman som efter en analys sammanfattades som fyra designprinciper: tolerans, kontroll, transparens och tillförlitlighet. Designprinciperna bidrar med kunskap om hur digitala hybrida digitala kamratstöd kan designas för att stödja nyanlända. 

  • 18.
    Chronwall, Anton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Haapala, Jacob
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Brolle ny på jobbet: En studie om RPAs påverkan på digital arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade datakraften och digitaliseringen av arbete har bidragit till möjligheten att automatisera processer. En metod för att automatisera processer är med Robotic Process Automation (RPA), vilket utför regelstyrda uppgifter baserat på detaljerade processbeskrivningar. Användningen av RPA blir allt vanligare inom den offentliga sektorn. Ett exempel på detta är Trafikverket som infört RPA för att automatisera processer med målet att frigöra tid för medarbetare. Denna studie har undersökt vad Trafikverkets införande och användning av RPA har inneburit för den digitala arbetsmiljön. Studien har undersökt detta genom att genomföra intervjuer med medarbetare som påverkats till följd av införandet och användning av RPA eller varit delaktig i införandet av RPA-lösningen.

    Studiens bidrag skapar en ökad förståelse för vad införandet och användandet av RPA har för konsekvenser på digital arbetsmiljö i organisationer i den offentliga sektorn genom att presentera tre konsekvenser. Studien visar att användningen av RPA kan resultera i en initial oro och en upplevd minskad anställningstrygghet bland medarbetarnas. Nya arbetsuppgifter kan uppstå till följd av införandet av RPA, dessa kan upplevas som monotona och irritationsmoment av medarbetarna. Slutligen kan det innebära att medarbetare får mer tid till varierande och kvalificerade arbetsuppgifter med möjlighet till kompetensutveckling. Detta resulterar i att medarbetarna uttrycker en ökad förändringsbenägenhet gentemot fortsatt automatisering med RPA.

  • 19.
    Croner, Alexander
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Wessman, Jonathan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Skeuomorphism: En Studie om Realistiska Designinslag i Digitala Gränssnitt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Skeuomorphism is a relatively new concept in interaction design. Skeuomorphism isa design style that aims to mimic realistic objects to develop and create certaineffects and experiences, such as implicitly communicate an understanding to theuser. The literature review showed that no one has studied how users experiencethese elements and the effects that are promised are only speculations. This essayexamines how users experience the elements of skeuomorphism in digitalinterfaces. The study was conducted using the methods think-aloud and interviewsto answer the question, “How do users experience elements of skeuomorphism indigital graphical interfaces?” . The study resulted in six aspects which presents howusers experience the elements of skeuomorphism.

  • 20.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Lund University, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    The CILO method: firm-supportive research approach enhancing enterprise performance2010In: Knowledge Management and Innovation: A Business Competitive Edge Perspective - Proceedings of the 15th International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2010, Vols. 1-3 / [ed] Soliman, K S, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2010, Vol. 2, p. 1239-1251Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a case of collaboration between academia and business firms in supporting innovation processes based on the CILO method, named after the CILO project (communication in learning organizations). The CILO method is an example of firm-supportive research approach. We describe the outcomes related to enhancing enterprise performance from applying the CILO-method in relation to one of the partner companies. The aim of the paper is to describe and discuss the concept of firm-supportive research in relation to the concept of innovation and to demonstrate how the specific characteristics of this research approach can enhance enterprise performance in one of our partner companies, Flower Systems Ltd.

  • 21.
    Dahlin, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Pettersson, Jonatan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Webbyråers omvärldsanalys: Hur webbyråer håller sig à jour med utvecklingen på webben2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Webbyråer arbetar inom en bransch som ständigt förändras. Nya tekniker och tjänster uppkommer dagligen, vilket gör att det kan vara svårt att hålla sig à jour med utvecklingen som sker på webben. Det finns många strategier för att hålla sig à jour för andra branscher men dessa är svåra att applicera på webbyråer då de har en tendens att arbeta ad hoc. Denna uppsats riktar sig till att beskriva hur webbyråer arbetar för att hålla sig à jour med utvecklingen på webben. Uppsatsen genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats, där fyra olika respondenter från fyra olika webbyråer blev intervjuade. Den empiriska studien bygger på en litteraturstudie där uppsatsens problematik undersöktes. Detta resulterade i tre teman som blev grunden för intervjustudien. Utifrån resultatet gjordes en empirisksammanställning som sedan analyserades, där empirin återkopplades till litteraturstudien. Analysen visade att webbyråer arbetade efter kundens kravspecifikation, projektbaserad arbetsform och använde sig av ad hoc mässigt agerande, vilket gjorde att de höll sig à jour. Det visade sig även att webbyråers arbetssätt hade likheter med traditionella omvärldsstrategier. Resultatet av denna uppsats blev en beskrivning med tre punkter gällande hur webbyråer arbetar för att hålla sig à jour med utvecklingen på webben. 

  • 22.
    Dalsmyr, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Weberg, Oliver
    Halmstad University.
    Design av social mjukvara för att främja samarbete i en vårdkontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between caregivers is a must to make it possible to deliver high-quality care to care recipients, but if the collaboration fails, the care recipients risk suffering. One way to promote collaboration is through social software, which, due to its communicative and relational properties, has shown positive results regarding the ability to promote collaboration within various organizations and professional areas. Previous research on social software in healthcare has focused on healthcare requirements and care recipients, and partly neglected the collaboration between caregivers in real work processes. Care-related professions also include several ethical and legal adjustments, which have led to complex services that will be used in environments full of disruptions. This study was conducted with a design study methods approach, in which design elements from aspects of collaboration in the form of trust, communication and awareness were implemented in a prototype to investigate how collaboration can be promoted in a healthcare context. The healthcare context in which the study was conducted was a facility for activities of daily living stationed in Sweden. The study resulted in seven design proposals for how social software in healthcare can be designed to promote collaboration.

  • 23.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gebrekidan, Desalegn Abraha
    Skövde University, Skövde, Sweden.
    Factors Predicting Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites2015In: International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (IJDIWC), ISSN 2225-658X, E-ISSN 2225-658X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 111-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketers act on social networking sites (SNSs) in order to be more efficient in merchandising their products and/or services. Even so, the scope of the published studies regarding the assessment of advertisements on social networking sites (SNAs) is limited. Consequently, the present study aimed to consider credibility and interactivity, in addition to information, entertainment and irritation values, as main factors for consumers’ assessment of SNAs, as perceived by SNSs’ users.An analysis of empirical data helped to identify four main factors for assessing SNAs. These were: information value, entertainment value, credibility value and interactivity value. Irritation value was the only factor that had no significant effect on the assessment of SNAs. Furthermore, based on the beta coefficients, the information and entertainment values of SNAs, in conjunction with credibility and interactivity values, had different outcomes from previous studies. Consequently, the interactivity value was the strongest among the four predictors for assessing SNAs.

  • 24.
    Eaton, Ben
    et al.
    Department of IT Management, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Elaluf-Calderwood, Silvia
    Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain.
    Sørensen, Carsten
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain & University West, Trolllhättan, Sweden.
    Yoo, Youngjin
    Fox School of Business, Temple University, Philadelphia, United States.
    Distributed Tuning of Boundary Resources: The Case of Apple’s iOS Service System2015In: MIS Quarterly, ISSN 0276-7783, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 217-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital age has seen the rise of service systems involving highly distributed, heterogeneous, and resource-integrating actors whose relationships are governed by shared institutional logics, standards, and digital technology. The cocreation of service within these service systems takes place in the context of a paradoxical tension between the logic of generative and democratic innovations and the logic of infrastructural control. Boundary resources play a critical role in managing the tension as a firm that owns the infrastructure can secure its control over the service system while independent firms can participate in the service system. In this study, we explore the evolution of boundary resources. Drawing on Pickering’s (1993) and Barrett et al.’s (2012) conceptualizations of tuning, the paper seeks to forward our understanding of how heterogeneous actors engage in the tuning of boundary resources within Apple’s iOS service system. We conduct an embedded case study of Apple’s iOS service system with an in-depth analysis of 4,664 blog articles concerned with 30 boundary resources covering 6 distinct themes. Our analysis reveals that boundary resources of service systems enabled by digital technology are shaped and reshaped through distributed tuning, which involves cascading actions of accommodations and rejections of a network of heterogeneous actors and artifacts. Our study also shows the dualistic role of power in the distributed tuning process.

  • 25.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Changing Boundaries in Virtual (Open) Innovation Work2014In: Proceedings of the 20th Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Co-creation and open innovation is changing the context for virtual work and the role of culture in boundary spanning. Organizations that are opening up to embrace a more open way of innovating often meet heterogeneous stakeholders. Culture in IS research is often analyzed on an organizational level, however, boundary spanning in innovation work calls for theorizing culture on several levels. This study addresses the role of culture in a boundary spanning innovation project within the newspaper industry where end-users and newspaper representatives collaborated to design a new e-service.We apply grid-group theory to unfold the complexity of virtual open innovation and conclude that stakeholders from both inside and outside the organization need to cross cultural boundaries to align themselves with other actors in order to help facilitate collaboration. The findings indicate that boundary spanners move between cultural positions based on differing cultural values in relation to other involved stakeholders.

  • 26.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Co-creating Innovative UGC Services with the Media Industry2013In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2013, p. 3057-3066, article id 6480212Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we identify challenges of involving different stakeholders in distributed co-creative open innovation processes and discuss how these challenges can be handled. In the LoCoMedia project, researchers, newspaper representatives and readers/users have co-created innovative user generated content (UGC) services. With a Living Lab approach with the user in focus in a real life setting, we have experimented with different ways of involving different stakeholders in nine experimental UGC projects. The study concludes that careful recruitment, face to face meetings as a compliment to online activities, heterogeneous participant groups, feedback and careful selection of a flexible online platform is important aspects for involving different stakeholders in co-creating innovative processes. © 2012 IEEE.

  • 27. Ekelund, Sara
    et al.
    Gutestam, Millie
    Riktlinjer ur ett UX-perspektiv for design av digitala kommunikationsverktyg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Erixal, Camilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Palmqvist, Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Skilda organisationskulturers påverkan vid affärssystemsimplementationer: En kvalitativ studie om skilda organisationskulturer på ett internationellt företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations today strive to achieve common work ways and try to do so by using enterprise resource planning systems (ERP). ERP-implementations are complex and time-consuming projects and can be affected by organizational culture which is seen as a critical factor. However, when organizations choose to expand to other countries the challenge to create common work ways is faced due to different cultures which concludes in the question:”How does different organizational cultures affect ERP-implementations in international organizations?“. This study is based on interviews in an international company, who by the time, was implementing a new ERP-system with the purpose to create common work ways.  Discourse analysis was used to analyze the informant’s answers through the four types of culture in Competing Values Framework (CVF) to identify how the cultural similarities and differences affect ERP-implementation in an international organization. This study shows that organizational culture both simplifies and complicates the ERP-implementation. One of the conclusions is that the ERP-implementation might affect the time needed for a ERPimplmentation depending on which organizational culture the department has.

  • 29.
    Fogaca, J. L.
    et al.
    Dept. of Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States.
    Zizzi, S. J.
    Dept. of Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States.
    Andersen, Mark
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Walking multiple paths of supervision in American sport psychology: A qualitative tale of novice supervisees’ development2018In: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 156-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited evidence for what characteristics of supervision delivery facilitate novice supervisees' development. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between supervision-delivery approaches and the perceptions of service-delivery competence development in novice practitioners. The authors interviewed 9 supervisor-supervisee dyads before and after the academic term in which the supervisees had their first applied experiences. Supervisees also completed reflective journal entries regarding their supervisory experiences and development. Data analysis included constant comparative analysis and triangulation of qualitative results with a practitioner-skills inventory. Different approaches to supervision delivery seemed to contribute similarly to novice supervisees' development. Supervisees developed in more areas when the dyads had consistent meetings, close supervisory relationships, feedback, and frequent opportunities for self-reflection and when supervisors adapted the delivery to the supervisees' developmental levels. In addition, factors in supervisees' background, practice, and supervision that contributed to perceptions of service-delivery competence are discussed. © 2018 Human Kinetics, Inc.

  • 30.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Information use in strategic decision making2003In: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 318-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of information use in strategic decision making. The study employs a case study as a research strategy together with personal interviews and documentation as means of data collection. The starting-point is four specific strategic decisions recently made by medium-sized companies in Sweden. The study provides the reader with an insight into management information behaviour when taking strategic decisions, by addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it? In addition, a short review of the literature pertaining to the above stated questions is provided.

  • 31.
    Ghazawneh, Ahmad
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). IT University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    The Dynamics of Transformation in the Development of Digital Services2018In: Designing Digitalization (ISD2018 Proceedings) / [ed] B. Andersson, B. Johansson, S. Carlsson, C. Barry, M. Lang, H. Linger, & C. Schneider, Lund: Lund University , 2018, Vol. 27, p. 595-606, article id 54Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service providers are increasingly depending and using digital infrastructure and tools provided by digital platforms to transform their services and develop digital ones that meet the needs of heterogeneous end users. However, while there is an emerging literature of developing digital services, little is known about the dynamics of transformation. Using multiple cases of firms that develop digital services, the digital service taxonomy was synthesized to understand the dynamics of transformation in developing digital services. This study identifies five main dynamics: the services experience, the service process, the service capabilities, the service environment and the service delivery.  Each of those dynamics and their associated factors is explored under the objectives of business, interaction and technology. This enables us to extend the existing literature on digital service development in particular and contributes to the research of digital innovation in general.

  • 32.
    Granquist Klasson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Femling, Sanne
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Barns utsatthet på nätet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33. Hagelberg, Josefine
    Patientsäkerhetsrisker relaterat till användning av digitala journalsystem – ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization and the introduction of health information systems (such as the electronic health records) has contributed to many advantages within the healthcare industry, especially compared to the old paper-based system. For instance, an electronic health record makes it easier to archive and share patient information, but the advances these systems contribute is also accompanied by its fair share of problems. One of the main problems being that there is a mismatch between the electronic health records in use and the way the healthcare personnel work. Nurses are one of the biggest user groups of the electronic health records and they are also providing healthcare to the patients admitted to hospital wards 24/7. That means that their work is tightly intertwined with patient safety. This study has examined risks for patient safety connected to the use of electronic health records during nursing practice at hospital wards. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach with a literature study, interviews and participatory observations. The result of the study has contributed to increased knowledge and insights regarding patient risks connected to the use of electronic health records during nursing practice at hospital wards as well as an increased understanding for the context in which the electronic health records are used.

  • 34.
    Hallingby, Hanne-Stine
    et al.
    Telenor, Fornebu, Norway.
    Elaluf-Calderwood, Silvia Monica
    London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), London, United Kingdom.
    Hartviksen, Gjermund
    Telenor, Fornebu, Norway.
    Sørensen, Carsten
    London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), London, United Kingdom.
    Regulatory Policies in Relation to Metrics and Data Collection for Measuring the Emergent Internet2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet is currently undergoing a major process of change and transformation. It is moving away from a basic model of layered architecture to a modular architecture with integrated provisioning of digital services and products to users (Garud, Kumaraswamy et al. 2003; Clark 2004; Fransman, 2010 and Yoo 2010). Furthermore traffic volumes and asymmetry of traffic information available for analysis makes it difficult to gain a full overview of and understand these changes (Hallingby et al, 2012 and Liebenau et al, 2012). Hence studying Internet as a whole is difficult, and there are many issues with data collection, with the academic and commercial literature providing plenty of references to such problems. The analysis is made even more complicated when trying to address medium and long-term sustainability of the telecom and Internet industries (Yoo, 2012).

    Value creation and capturing is a growing challenge to Internet ecosystem stakeholders, seeking to re-innovate a sustainable system. Hence the emergent Internet also changes the actions of national and regional regulators. Regulators are normative acting on behalf of consumers and ensuring adequate investments in society critical infrastructure (FCC, 2011). Their goals are to provide mediation using competition laws and rules as the recent French case Cogent vs. France Telecom shows (ARCEP, 2012b). This is particularly due to fast convergence of Internet and telecom. The transforming state of Internet has led many regulators around the world to make efforts to collect data for such regulatory purposes but with variable degree of success. Thus measuring Internet remains a huge challenge, and we will suggest some ways forward in this paper.

    Norway is a relatively small country “in the world of the emergent Internet” (Hallingby and Erdal, 2011). However the size and other aspects of the Nordic culture (e.g. openness to accountability, sense of community at all levels of society, etc.) have created an environment in which the national regulator (NPT) has multiple sources of data (NPT, 2012b), and also with correlated Internet data that are collected by diverse institutions. This has resulted in a clear and well explained ability to describe the Norwegian Internet (Hallingby and Erdal, 2011). There is also a culture of regulatory pro-active engagement with changes to the earliest emerging of issues e.g. CDNs legal forms (NPT, 2012a).

    This article discusses possible type of metrics required to explain the link between Internet network measures and Internet economic variables. First of all we are describing the emerging Internet in Norway, also indicating a more generic change supporting the modularity observed elsewhere. Second, and more important for the purpose of this article, we believe the metrics displayed are very valuable to companies, users, regulators and any other stakeholders. Specifically, we show the case of Norway as an example of the type of knowledge that may be developed, how these mappings can be performed, the scope and limitations of such methodology, and how it can be used by regulatory authorities to monitor but not obstruct the development of business activities. Finally, we also review the usefulness of this type of measurement in the context of a recent regulatory analysis of CDNs in Norway.

  • 35.
    Hallingby, Hanne-Stine
    et al.
    Telenor, Fornebu, Norway.
    Hartviksen, Gjermund
    Telenor, Fornebu, Norway.
    Elaluf-Calderwood, Silvia
    London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), London, United Kingdom.
    Sørensen, Carsten
    London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), London, United Kingdom.
    Emerging metrics and mapping of the Internet: A comparative study of Thailand and Norway2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Hansson, Alexander
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Bergström, Emil
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Smartphones påverkan på stress och kontroll: En studie om arbetsrelaterad smartphoneanvändning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smartphones have with their ability to handle many different types of communication on the go, become a big part of the workplace. This has led to a distortion between home and work life, making the line between them blurry. The result of this is that many users feel an increment in stress, alternatively control. This paper aims to find out what affects the users experience of stress and or control. On the basis of a literature study, twelve key points were identified that could describe users experience of stress and control with smartphones. We could through a interview study make out four themes which also could be divided into key points. The key points from the result where compared to the twelve key points from the literature which led to the result that all of the twelve key points from the literature could be confirmed, as well as four new effects on stress and control could be identified.

  • 37.
    Hedin, William
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Olsson, Benjamin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Designförslag för hur digitala utbildningsmedier kan designas för att stötta formativ feedback mellan lärare och studerande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget har lärare inom e-lärande svårt att identifiera var de studerande befinner sig i sitt lärande. Tidigare forskning inom traditionellt klassrumslärande visar på att formativ feedback är väsentligt för att utöka sina kunskaper, däremot har formativ feedback inte utforskats lika väl inom e-lärande. Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på hur tidigare etablerade teorier för formativ feedback inom traditionellt klassrumslärande kan användas inom e-lärande. Detta genomfördes med en designorienterad forskningsansats där kategorier för formativ feedback inom traditionellt klassrumslärande implementerades i en prototyp. Detta för att kunna identifiera vilka delar av formativ feedback som var mest väsentliga inom e-lärande. Studien resulterade i tre designförslag för hur digitala utbildningsmedier bör designas för att kunna stötta formativ feedback mellan lärare och studerande.

  • 38.
    Herlin, Josefina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Sundqvist, Jennifer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Användarutbildning under affärssystemsimplementation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    End User Training (EUT) is an important part of the implementation of an Enterprise Resource Planning system (ERP system), since it is a prerequisite for companies to reach the expected benefits of their new ERP system. Therefore, EUT is an important factor during the whole ERP implementation, from pre-implementation to post-implementation. Despite the importance of EUT during ERP implementation the conducted EUT is inadequate since it does not create conditions for the users to effectively and independently use the ERP after the completion of training.

    The purpose of this study is to examine how EUT is conducted during ERP implementation and to identify challenges that client organizations face in connection with EUT. This study was based on a qualitative approach in which semistructured interviews were conducted.

    The result indicates that the EUT provided pre-implementation differs from that which occurs during post-implementation. The main part of the EUT is conducted pre-implementation and consists of formal training methods. During post-implementation, none or little formal training is performed, but some informal learning takes place. To conduct EUT during ERP implementation can entail challenges. In this study, following challenges can be identified for clientorganizations connected to EUT: "unclear responsibility for EUT", "responsibility in the role of key user", "user responsibility for learning," and "user motivation andcommitment".

  • 39.
    Hjalmarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Schlyter, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Värdenätverk och plattformsutvecklingen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den tekniska utvecklingen går framåt och påverkar samhället i allt högre grad. Det finns samtidigt en oklarhet i hur verksamheter påverkas av den. Det framgår i studier att det behöver forskas mer kring hur den tekniska utvecklingen påverkar samhället. För att bidra till en ökad förståelse och kunskap inom området fokuserar den här studien på att granska ett område inom den tekniska utvecklingen och dess påverkan på värdenätverk inom en specifik bransch.

    Ett fenomen inom den tekniska utvecklingen som är på framfart är plattformsutvecklingen. Det är ett fenomen som förenklar och effektiviserar hur mjukvara hanteras och levereras samt beskrivs få konsekvenser för värdenätverk i branscherna som anammar det. Vilka konsekvenserna är, är dock oklart. Det beskrivs att en bransch som ser ut att anamma plattformsutvecklingen är affärssystembranschen. Dock är det även där oklart vad fenomenet kommer att innebära för branschen och dess värdenätverk.

    För att nå den ökade förståelsen och kunskapen som eftersträvades inleddes arbetet med att ta fram en litteraturstudie. Därefter gjordes en kvalitativ undersökning där empiriskt material samlades in genom att intervjua respondenter från konsultbolag och affärssystemleverantörer. Dessa två aktörer är de som traditionellt sett varit de som skapat värdena för slutkunderna i affärssystembranschen. Med hjälp av litteraturen och det empiriska materialet kunde studien sedan undersöka hur plattformsutvecklingen kan komma att påverka det traditionella värdenätverket i affärssystembranschen.

    Studiens resultat visar att plattformsutvecklingen påverkar affärssystembranschens värdenätverk och gör så på flera sätt. Om fenomenet anammas kan värdenätverket få fler roller, nya relationer mellan rollerna och förändrade och nya värden som utbyts mellan dem. Grunden till att plattformsutvecklingen påverkar värdenätverket på det här sättet är dess sätt att möjliggöra och främja nya sätt att samarbeta och skapa värden för slutkunderna.

  • 40.
    Holmquist, Mats
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Johansson, Jörgen
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    IT-utveckling för hållbara arbetsplatser:  Rapport I - Analysseminarium2018Report (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    RISE Viktoria AB, Gothenburg, Sweden & University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bygstad, Bendik
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Responding to Enterprise Architecture Initiatives: Loyalty, Voice and Exit2018In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Washington, D.C.: IEEE Computer Society, 2018, p. 2363-2372Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many large organizations have on-going Enterprise Architecture initiatives. Key aims include achieving more organizational agility, and to tidy up a messy portfolio of IT silo systems. A holistic approach to IT architecture has been an accepted strategy, but the results of these initiatives have been variable. An under-researched aspect is how different organizational units respond to the call for a holistic approach. In this study, we investigate how different stakeholders connected to three ongoing projects responded to the call for EA. With a qualitative approach, we identify three options of response to EA initiatives: (i) compliance with the EA strategy, (ii) loyal but isolated response, and (iii) rebel solutions. We argue for the need of a more nuanced repertoire of actions for dealing with EA, and show how these responses are useful for understanding and managing successful EA.

  • 42.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Koutsikouri, Dina
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Phronesis and Digital Transformation: Going from Physical to Digital Innovation Practices2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Managing Digital Innovation in Newspaper Organizations2013In: The Proceedings of the 6th ISPIM Innovation Symposium, Melbourne – 08-11 December 2013: Innovation in the Asian Century , International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry has certainly benefitted from technological innovations but at the same time received new competition, challenging their position in the media landscape, forcing them to explore new innovative ideas to find new profitable revenue streams. Based on 77 interviews with newspaper managers from Europe, US and Japan over a period of seven years (2007-2013), this paper addresses the research question: How are newspaper organizations managing digital innovation? This paper takes a theoretical perspective from literature on digital innovation, and use concepts of open and closed innovation to propose a model of management modes in digital innovation. The practical implications of this study will contribute to the ongoing debate within the challenged newspaper industry.

  • 44.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    User Generated Content in News Media – a Comparison of Reader and Newspaper Views2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry is forced to find new business models for their digital channels due to decreasing revenues from subscription, single copy sales and advertising. One of many paths to explore is user generated content (UGC). UGC has been described as a democratizing “tool”, a new way for newspapers to connect to their audience, and also to attract advertisers in a new way. So far, research on UGC in a newspaper setting has either focused on the user or the newspaper perspective. By two different questionnaires, one to newspaper readers with 3663 respondents and one to newspaper staff with 204 respondents we attempt to make a comparison of reader and newspaper views on UGC in news media. The purpose of this paper is to describe perceptions and views of user generated content in the newspaper context, and to investigate if there is a gap between newspaper staff and reader perceptions. The findings show that readers in general value UGC to be important and attractive content, but that only a few are positive to contribute with UGC. Newspaper staff shows a tendency to think that users rate UGC content value higher than they actually do. Newspaper staff also rate that users are more likely to contribute with UGC than they actually are. There is also a difference between what newspaper staff think motivates readers to contribute and what the reader survey shows. This paper contributes to the understanding of UGC and also provides valuable insights to newspaper firms considering exploring UGC.

  • 45.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lund, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Designing Ubiquitous Media Services: Exploring the Two-Sided Market of Newspapers2016In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, ISSN 0718-1876, E-ISSN 0718-1876, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The two-sided market of newspapers with its two customer groups, readers and advertisers, is changing due to digitalization. This former stable and profitable market has lately suffered from both decreasing subscription and advertiser revenue. In this paper we use the term ubiquitous media environments to represent the vision of future media environments enabling device independent mass-scale distribution of ubiquitous media services in integrated infrastructures. We build upon a two-year action research project where researchers worked together with the Swedish newspaper industry to envision future ubiquitous media services and explore the following research question: how can ubiquitous media services be designed to leverage and balance value in a two-sided market? Five examples of ubiquitous media services were developed in collaboration and thereafter evaluated. These services were then illustrated in movie clips to trigger discussions on how ubiquitous media services can be designed. Drawing on the value aspects of ubiquitous media services from an advertiser and reader point-of-view and the platform owner role of the newspapers in a future ubiquitous media environments, we describe and discuss how ubiquitous media services can be designed to leverage value for advertisers and readers, and how newspaper organizations can strategize ubiquitous media environments. © 2016 Universidad de Talca - Chile

  • 46.
    Jademyr, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Linnéa, Johansson
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Designförslag för hur spelifiering kan implementeras i LMS plattformar för att främja en känsla av kompetens hos studenter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there is an increased need for a digital place where students can participate in courses and acquire knowledge. One type of such a digital place are learning platforms and an example of one such platform is Learning Management Systems (LMS). Technology has a significant role in students’ lives, and because of this they also expect this technology to work well. In the context of education, motivation is regarded as one of the most important factors for students to be successful and a feeling of competence is part of what needs to be achieved. A feeling of competence is about having a person feel good, knowledgeable or skilled at something and experiencing a feeling about their own potential. If the feeling of competence decreases, a student can lose their motivation and thereby give up on their studies.

    A design technique that can be used to foster a feeling of competence, that is part of intrinsic motivation, is gamification. However, using gamified elements which are competitive has not only resulted in positive results. Research in gamification has resulted in mixed results on how well the design technique works to foster a feeling of competence. Previous research on gamification has disregarded how competence and intrinsic motivation influence a student's performance. Previous research has studied whether gamification works instead of studying how gamification can work in a study context. Therefore, this study intends to investigate how gamification can be implemented in digital learning platforms to foster a sense of competence among students. The question was examined with a design-oriented approach where game elements were designed into a prototype of an LMS platform. Evaluation of the prototype made it possible to develop four design proposals of how gamification can be used to foster students' sense of competence in an LMS platform.

  • 47.
    Jirholm, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    eWOM-Affordance i Sociala Medier2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Word-of-Mouth (WOM) is a phenomenon which describes how individuals orally tell each other about their experiences of products and services and has long been known in the corporate world because of its vast impact on sales. The phenomenon has also been subject to different studies because of the effect it has of the potential customer’s buying incentive and the impact it has on the reputation of the product or service that the WOM is about. The development of Web 2.0 has afforded individuals to spread their opinions of products and services even further with electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM). eWOM has a lot in common with WOM but is instead expressed through text over the internet and can be found in websites such as review websites, blogs and social media. This opens up new opportunities for the users such as greater dissemination of their opinions. There are several studies that explore eWOM in conjunction with marketing but not as many that study eWOM from a design perspective. This study therefor aims to analyze what social media affords regarding expressing eWOM. This has been done through an internet-based ethnographic study where posts form the social networking site Instagram have been observed and analyzed from an affordance perspective. The results of the study show how eWOM affordance can manifest itself and how it can be contextualized in social media. eWOM affordance creates an understanding about what tools social media afford the user. This understanding can be used by interface designers and interaction designers during development of websites as well as give better understanding of eWOM for marketers.

  • 48.
    Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    En god digital arbetsmiljö: Slutrapport2018Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    IT-utveckling för hållbara arbetsplatser: Rapport II - Analysseminarium2018Report (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lund Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Boundary dialogues in co-creation of ICT-innovations2012In: IRIS 35, Proceedings of the 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Designing the Interactive Society, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, which is seen as an example of community interaction that overcomes boundaries. The Free2Ride projects goal was to develop a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a sender (on the horse) and a receiver (application in a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. We will answer the research question of what the characteristics of a boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities are. The aim of the paper is to propose a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation that involve different communities of practices such as ICT developers, users and researchers. An important element of that model is the mental wandering, inwards and outwards, by core members in a community. We discuss the temporal as well as the symbolic nature of the mental wandering during the boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities. We applied a combination of research approaches consisting of action research and engaged scholarship approach. The theoretical framework for analyzing our findings is communities of practices with a specific interest in boundary spanning and learning dialogues.

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