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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Clara
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Glad fast ändå inte glad: Emojiers betydelser och användning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emojis are colorful pictorial icons used in day to day conversations via SMS and on plenty of different platforms, available for everyone today, but not yet studied to an extent even though they they are highly ambigous. The aim of this study is to find which semantic meanings emojis can have, if gender or age is a causing factor and if any norm for when and how emojis should be used exists among the users. Through a digital survey uploaded on different platforms and sent to different companies, the results show that misconceptions do happen, and that they happen often. However, gender does not seem to matter to the same extent as age. There is also evidence pointing to the users following some rules when it comes to what emoji should be used when and when no emoji should be used at all.

  • 2.
    Afram, Eliane
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Idioms in English as a Second Language: Contextualization of L2 idioms (written context versus still pictures) and its effect on students' retention2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the present study is to investigate whether there is a difference in retentionbetween two groups of Swedish second language learners of English when they are faced withidioms in a written context or in the form of still pictures. The subjects of the investigation aretwo different groups at a high school in Sweden. Both Group 1 and 2 consist of 24 subjectseach. For this study, 15 idioms were randomly selected. To Group 1, the idioms werepresented in a written context and to Group 2 the idioms were presented in the form of stillpictures. The subjects were given a pre-test and two post-tests to measure their retention.Moreover, the subjects were given a questionnaire in order to learn more about theirperception of idioms. I believe that, on the immediate post-test, Group 1 (the “written contextgroup”) did better than Group 2 (the “still pictures group”). Nevertheless, on the delayed posttest(testing long-term retention), Group 2 remembered more idioms than Group 1. But, it isimportant to note that contextualization of L2 idioms using written context and/or using stillpictures resulted, in general, to be effective strategies for the retention of idioms.

  • 3.
    Aldrin, Emilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Creating identities through the choice of first names2017In: Socio-onomastics: The pragmatics of names / [ed] Terhi Ainiala & Jan-Ola Östman, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, p. 46-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Choosing a name for a child is seldom a matter of simple labelling. It is often rather a long and complex process. Names are collected for inspiration, compared and evaluated by the parents. Many aspects are taken into consideration and (more or less consciously) viewed in the light of the parents’ own emotional, aesthetic, ideological and social stances, as well as personal experiences and hopes for the child. In this chapter, the act of naming a child is regarded as an act of identity. Parents, through the choice of first name for a child, engage in a social act which is very much about expressing their own identity – who they are or who they want to be – and constructing a hoped-for identity for their child.

  • 4.
    Aldrin, Emilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Names and Identity2016In: The Oxford Handbook of Names and Naming / [ed] Carole Hough, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 382-394Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Aldrin, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Saerheim, Inge
    University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Syrjälä, Väinö
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    NORNA - The Nordic Cooperative Committee for Onomastic Research2018In: Onomastica Uralica, ISSN 1586-3719, E-ISSN 2061-0661, Vol. 14, p. 15-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Cooperative Committee for Onomastic Research (NORNA) was founded in 1971 with the aim to encourage and support onomastic research in the Nordic countries, as well as collaboration between Nordic scholars. The article presents the organization and activities of NORNA and discusses its' contribution to Nordic onomastics.

  • 6.
    Amnell, Christa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att bygga ett barn: Hur konstrueras barnet i 1900-talets handböcker om barnuppfostran?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur barnet konstrueras i 1900-talets populärvetenskapliga handböcker om uppfostran, samt huruvida konstruktionen av barnet har förändrats under det senaste århundradet. Uppsatsen diskuterar också hur de undersökta textavsnittens sätt att konstruera barnet kan påverka hur barnet konstrueras idag, år 2016. Uppsatsen ställer även upp en hypotes, vilken säger att barnet konstrueras som lägre stående än den vuxna. 

    För att kartlägga detta undersöks, med utgångspunkt i kritisk diskursanalys och stöd i Fairclough och Foucault, utdrag ur fyra böcker, nämligen Barnets århundrade av Ellen Key ([1901] 1996), Sunt förnuft i barnavård och barnuppfostran från födelsen till brytningsåren av Benjamin Spock ([1946] 1970), Barnaboken av Anna Wahlgren ([1983] 2008) samt Växa- inte lyda av Lars H. Gustafsson (2010). Samtliga undersökta böcker kan hävdas vara auktoriteter inom området.  

    Undersökningens resultat vederlägger delvis dess hypotes. Resultatet visar att tre av fyra undersökta textavsnitt konstruerar barnet som kompetent, intelligent och aktivt. Endast i en av de undersökta böckerna tycks barnet konstrueras i enlighet med uppsatsens hypotes. Avslutningsvis diskuteras dock huruvida det faktum att de vuxna ställer sig själva i en position där de konstruerar andra människor, barnen, skulle kunna innebära att uppsatsens hypotes trots allt är relevant.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Modern semiotics in an internet mediated world2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English has become the dominant language for internet users throughout the world and the internet has had its own impact on the English language. The main aim for this essay is to compare and contrast different online discussion forums and other related online discourses in order to show how meaning is created and to identify any differences that may exist depending on the forum. To do this, I have chosen specific features of language and analyzed their use in a number of different online sources.

    The research has shown that most of the language features commonly used in everyday speech are also present online. There is a difference in which features are used, where, and how frequently they occur, but the determining factor differs depending on the feature; the use of some features depends on the topic while the use of others depends on the website.

    The overall conclusion of the research is that the language on the websites used as primary data is not at all simplified in comparison to spoken language. The same language features and conventions are still used and understood in the same way as spoken language.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    English in Sweden: English as a Second Language in Sweden in a Theoretical Perspective2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English has integrated into Swedish society, and into the Swedish language. In this study, the goal is to examine why English has become so influential in Sweden and if this has occurred previously. This will be studied by examining the historical relation between Swedish and three languages, German, French and English. Moreover, the English language influences will be examined more extensively in its global spread and its social relation to Swedish. This essay will contain a limited study, which will ask a sample of twenty individuals if they think Sweden requires a second language, and what language they would select to fill this position.

    There is a pattern to observe in the historical language influences, which are: the global presence of the language, the integration and immigration into the Swedish society and the grammatical and lexical significance of loanwords. The majority of the sample selected English as the language that would fill a second language position in Sweden, and close to half of the sample thought Sweden requires a second language.

    With such a limited sample and with few questions, no claims could be made regarding the requirement of a second language in Sweden. This could be expanded further into a more extensive study with less focus on the historical influences upon Swedish. 

  • 9.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    To Knock the Eye Out of a Friend: Assessment of an Orthographic Reform Upon the English Language2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a theoretical qualitative study, which examines the possibility for a spelling reform into English. The history of orthographical changes into British English, as well as Brown’s categorisation of spelling reforms, is reviewed. Four spelling reform proposals are analysed and compared.  Additionally, the social discourses of Eira, which are relevant to a spelling reform, are analysed and discussed with regard to English.

    There is only speculation as to why no modern day spelling reform has been implemented in British English, but it is connected to its historical events, the social discourses and the implementation process. Spelling reform into English is theoretically feasible, but it depends on the implementation strategies and support from those who wish to perform such a change.

  • 10.
    Antonsson, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Understanding the Meaning of English Idiomatic Expressions in Song Lyrics: A Survey Regarding Swedish University Students’ Understanding of Idiomatic Expressions in English Song Lyrics.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The general field of interest for this study is the Swedish public’s level of awareness of non-literal and figurative language, such as idioms and metaphors, in English. The English language can be considered to be evolving into Sweden’s second language, since it is present in so much more than school, for example, on television, computers and radio. This study aims to gain an insight into the degree of understanding of common idiomatic expressions in popular English song lyrics by native Swedish speakers. University students were chosen as the sample group and twelve of them were asked to explain their understanding of selected English idioms which occur in songs with which they were likely to recognize. The results have then been analyzed and it was possible to establish the degrees of understanding, misunderstanding and failure to understand. Firstly, the participants have explained the expression out of context, and secondly they were asked to explain it in the context of the song. This was to see whether the expressions appear to have been easier to understand out of context or in context. Earlier research show difficulties in defining the term idiom, and in this survey the term idiomatic expression has been used and defined as a way of speaking or writing that does not make any literal sense, even though the expressions are used all the time and people familiar with the language generally recognize them and understand their meaning. Earlier research has facilitated the analysis by the use of terms, theories and definitions on various ways of understanding metaphors, metonymy and idioms, and how these might, or might not, differ between Swedish and English. The results of this survey show that most of the expressions appear to have been easier to explain and understand when seen and heard in the context of the song. Although, some expressions appear to have been very alien to the participants, which has resulted in misunderstandings and failure to understand both in and out of context of the song lyrics in question.

  • 11.
    Areschoug, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Why not, liksom?": En komparativ studie av svensk-engelsk kodväxling i svenska och utlandssvenska bloggtexter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks svensk-engelsk kodväxling i bloggtexter. Syftet är att jämföra kodväxlingens frekvens, struktur och funktion i svenska och utlandssvenska bloggar. Materialet har inhämtats i sex olika bloggar, varav hälften av skribenterna är baserade i Sverige och den andra hälften har sin hemvist i USA. För att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar har såväl en kvantitativ som en kvalitativ metod tillämpats. Studien visar att kodväxlingen är mer frekvent bland de bloggskribenter som befinner sig i en engelskspråkig kontext. Kodväxlingens struktur uppvisar ett likartat mönster i de båda urvalsgrupperna, där kodväxling på ordnivå är vanligast. Det förekommer vissa skillnader mellan grupperna i fråga om kodväxlingens funktion, vilket kan vara en effekt av att de utlandssvenska blogg­skribenterna befinner sig i en direkt språkkontakt med engelskan.

  • 12.
    Arvidsson, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Making Gender Visible: Breaking down the narration in Stephanie Meyer's Breaking Dawn2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyzes the difference between feminine and masculine narration in Stephanie Meyer's final novel in The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn. The methods used are Narratology, Reader-Response Criticism and Gender Theory. Breaking Dawn is divided into three different books and one of the main characters, Bella, is the narrator in the first and the last book, and the other main character, Jacob, is the narrator in the second book. Bella's and Jacob's narration styles are manifested in the title names and inside the text, and the analysis shows why Bella is a stereotypically female narrator and why Jacob is a stereotypically masculine narrator.

  • 13.
    Asker-Arnason, Lena
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Akerlund, Viktoria
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Skoglund, Cecilia
    Helsingborg Hosp, Dept Logoped, Helsingborg, Sweden..
    Ek-Lagergren, Ingela
    Lund Univ, Dept Logoped Phoniatr & Audiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sahlen, Birgitta
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Spoken and Written Narratives in Swedish Children and Adolescents With Hearing Impairment2012In: Communication Disorders Quarterly, ISSN 1525-7401, E-ISSN 1538-4837, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 131-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty 10-to 18-year-old children and adolescents with varying degrees of hearing impairment (HI) and hearing aids (HA), ranging from mild-moderate to severe, produced picture-elicited narratives in a spoken and written version. Their performance was compared to that of 63 normally hearing (NH) peers within the same age span. The participants with HI and NH showed similar patterns regarding intragroup correlations between corresponding measures of spoken and written narratives. However, the participants with HI had significantly less diverse language than the NH group. The participants with poorer hearing (higher best ear hearing level [BEHL]) produced spoken and written narratives comprising more content words and they also produced written narratives that were less lexically diverse than the participants with better hearing (lower BEHL). The difference as to lexical skills emphasizes the importance of focusing on these skills in the group of children with HI. However, the results give support for a quite optimistic view on the development of narration in children with HI with HA, at least for picture-elicited narratives.

  • 14.
    Asker-Arnason, Lena
    et al.
    Section of Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Centre for Languages and Literature, Department of Linguistics, Lund University.
    Sahlén, Birgitta
    Section of Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University.
    Process and product in writing: A methodological contribution to the assessment of written narratives in 8-12 year old Swedish children using ScriptLog2008In: Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, ISSN 1401-5439, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 143-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty-seven children, with typical language development (TLD), 8-10 years old and 10-12 years old, were assessed with keystroke-logging in order to investigate their narrative writing. Measures of the writing process and the written product were used. One purpose was to explore how children produce written narratives in on-line production, and to relate the writing process to the written product. The results showed that those children who produced the final text faster, also wrote stories that comprised of more words. In the group of older children, children with better narrative ability used less pause time than those with worse ability, and the girls were faster writers than the boys. We believe that keystroke-logging gives valuable information for the assessment of young children's writing and that it is a potentially valid assessment tool for children from about 10 years of age.

  • 15.
    Asker-Árnason, Lena
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ibertsson, Tina
    Lund University.
    Wass, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Lund University.
    Sahlén, Birgitta
    Lund University.
    Picture-elicited written narratives, process and product, in 18 children with cochlear implants2010In: Communication Disorders Quarterly, ISSN 1525-7401, E-ISSN 1538-4837, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 195-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore the narrative writing of 18 children, ages 11 to 19, with severe and profound hearing impairment who had cochlear implants (CI), compared with the performance of hearing children. Nine of the 18 children had prelingual deafness and 9 children had postlingual deafness. The hearing impairment was progressive in 11 children. The participants thus formed a heterogeneous group, which was split in two ways: according to age at testing and age at implantation. The narratives were collected by means of keystroke logging. The difference between the children with CI and the hearing children was most prominent for two measures: the percentage of pause time (in the group of children older than 13 years) and lexical density. Furthermore, the children implanted after 5 years of age performed more like the hearing children. This group consisted of children with postlingual deafness and also of children who were deafened progressively. Our interpretation is that these children benefited from the early linguistic input. Taking the whole group of participants into consideration, the results reflect linguistic and cognitive processing limitations in complex linguistic tasks like narration for the children with CI in comparison with their hearing peers.

  • 16.
    Asschier, Emil
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Comprehension of L2 idioms – audio-visual versus written context2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of the present study is to investigate whether there is a difference in comprehension between two groups of Swedish L2 learners of English when they are faced with idioms in either a written context or in an audio-visual context.

    The investigation was performed at a Swedish upper secondary school. The subjects of the investigation are two different groups, where group 1 consists of 21 subjects and group 2 of 26 subjects. To one group, the idioms were presented in a written context, which is a transcribed version of the audio-visual context to which the second group was subjected.

    The results of the study are statistically confirmed, which means that they are generalizable to any two similar sets of students taking the same two tests and they show that there is a difference in comprehension for L2 learners if they are presented with idioms in an audio-visual context in comparison to when they are presented with a written context. This difference suggests that the comprehension of L2 idioms can be strengthened when the idioms are presented in an audio-visual context.

  • 17.
    Backman, Mayumi
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Teaching Methods in Japan with relation to English Syntax2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Behrns, Ingrid
    et al.
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Department of Linguistics, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Centre for Languages and Literature, Linguistics, Lund University, Sweden.
    Aphasia and text writing2010In: International journal of language and communication disorders, ISSN 1368-2822, E-ISSN 1460-6984, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 230-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Good writing skills are needed in almost every aspect of life today, and there is a growing interest in research into acquired writing difficulties. Most of the findings reported so far, however, are based on words produced in isolation. The present study deals with the production of entire texts.

    Aims:

    The aim was to characterize written narratives produced by a group of participants with aphasia.

    Methods & Procedures:

    Eight persons aged 28–63 years with aphasia took part in the study. They were compared with a reference group consisting of ten participants aged 21–30 years. All participants were asked to write a personal narrative titled ‘I have never been so afraid’ and to perform a picture-based story-generation task called the ‘Frog Story’. The texts were written on a computer.

    Outcome & Results:

    The group could be divided into participants with low, moderate, and high general performance, respectively. The texts written by the participants in the group with moderate and high writing performance had comparatively good narrative structure despite indications of difficulties on other linguistic levels.

    Conclusions & Implications:

    Aphasia appeared to influence text writing on different linguistic levels. The impact on overall structure and coherence was in line with earlier findings from the analysis of spoken and written discourse and the implication of this is that the written modality should also be included in language rehabilitation.

  • 19.
    Behrns, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Lund University.
    Aphasia and the Process of Revision in Writing a Text2008In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 95-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the previous research on aphasia and writing ability concentrates on the production of words in isolation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the process of producing written texts by clients with aphasia. By using keystroke logging, it was possible to analyse the participants' ongoing work during text writing. Results showed that the participants with aphasia composed their texts in what may be described as a linear way. Edits concerning syntax or text structure were almost absent in the subjects' data, but they spent much time and effort on revising smaller units of text, that is, letters and words, possibly as a result of changing their minds or not being able to realize their intentions. However, these changes did not always result in correctly written words in the final text. The findings are discussed in relation to current writing theories.

  • 20.
    Behrns, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hartelius, Lena
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Aphasia and Computerised Writing Aid Supported Treatment2009In: Aphasiology, ISSN 0268-7038, E-ISSN 1464-5041, Vol. 23, no 10, p. 1276-1294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Individuals with aphasia often experience difficulties in writing. Word processors with a spell checker and a grammar checker can compensate for some of the writing difficulties associated with aphasia.

    Aims:

    To determine if writing difficulties associated with aphasia may be reduced by the use of a computerised writing aid when training patients.

    Methods & Procedures:

    The writing aids used in this study were originally designed specifically for persons with developmental reading and writing difficulties and are based on statistics of frequent misspellings and phonotactic rules. Three participants with aphasia selected one of two offered writing aids. Written production during treatment and evaluation was recorded and analysed by keystroke logging. The study had a single-subject ABA design replicated across three participants. The baseline (A) was established by measuring four dependent variables. During a 9-week intervention phase (B) the dependent variables were measured once a week. A follow-up (A) was done 10 months after the training was finished. The dependent variables were: total number of words in a writing task; proportion of correctly written words; words per minute; proportion of successful edits. The results were analysed both visually and by statistical calculations.

    Outcomes & Results:

    All participants experienced a positive improvement in their writing ability. Results showed individual differences; after completed training the first participant made more successful edits, the second wrote more words, had a larger proportion of correctly written words, and made more successful edits. The third participant's results did not show any improvement that could be statistically supported.

    Conclusions:

    This study showed that the computerised training facilitated the generating process and made the revision process more efficient for the participants. The results are important in that they indicate possible ways of designing writing treatment. However, they also show the need for careful analyses when evaluating different treatment strategies and in discussing what improved writing ability may be.

  • 21.
    Behrns, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Broberg, Malin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hartelius, Lena
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A comparison between written and spoken narratives in aphasia2009In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 507-528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group’s spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of the rated variables for the stories told by the participants with aphasia. Results point to the need to include writing training in language rehabilitation in order to increase the ability for persons with aphasia to participate in communicative situations in everyday life.

  • 22.
    Bellung, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Une étude linguistique contrastive: L'emploi des expressions du "futur" dans deux langues, français - suédois2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Ce travail comprend, aprés l'introduction, une présentation concernant la forme de travail, un résumé sur l'histoire et l'emploi du "futur" dans de contextes historiques et grammaticaux.

    L'étude a traité les deux langues, le français et le suédois de manière contrastive. La base du corpus est une lecture littéraire française et suédoise traduites dans les deux langues respectives. L'auteur a analysé la manière, de la part de traducteurs, de traiter le futur simple (Fs) vis-à-vis des périphrases suédoises avec un sens de futur.

    L'étude a abouti à un ensemble d'exemples d'expressions de futur simple et de périphrases suédoises qui ont été analusées de la manière suivante: prémièrement les résultats au total, puis l'auteur a réparti les résultats de chacun des groupes de future simple et des périphrases suédoises.

    Les résultats de l'étude sont présentés dans des tableaux suivis d'analyses. 

  • 23.
    Bengtsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Borgman, Ebba
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Digitala och analoga verktygs effekter på elevers tidiga läs- och skrivinlärning i svenskämnet: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället blir allt mer digitaliserat och skolorna bjuder in allt fler digitala verktyg i undervisningen. Ny forskning om hur och varför skolor använder sig av digitala verktyg i den tidiga läs- och skrivinlärningen växer fram, vilket bidrar till att arbetet med analoga verktyg får allt mindre undervisningstid. I takt med den digitala framväxten, ökar forskares tankar kring ämnet och vad detta kan ge för effekter på elevers läs- och skrivinlärning. Syftet med denna studie är att genom en litteraturöversikt undersöka hur digitala och analoga läs- och skrivverktyg påverkar elevers tidiga läs- och skrivinlärning i svenskämnet och att besvara frågeställningen: Vilka effekter har elevers användande av analoga jämfört med digitala verktyg på deras tidiga läs- och skrivinlärning? För att besvara frågeställningen och uppnå studiens syfte har vetenskapliga studier om elevers läs- och skrivinlärning inom svenskämnet kopplat till användandet av analoga respektive digitala läs- och skrivverktyg, systematiskt tagits fram, analyserats och sammanställts. Resultat visar att det finns både positiva och negativa effekter av användandet av läs- och skrivverktygen. Motivationen löper som en röd tråd och kan därför ses som en av de viktigaste effekterna av digitala verktyg. Dock har analoga verktyg positiva effekter på minne och motorik. Förslag på vidare forskning är att undersöka om digitala verktyg kommer att fortsätta öka elevers motivation i läs- och skrivinlärningen då det slutar vara något nytt och spännande, eller om det kommer krävas något ytterligare.

  • 24.
    Berglund, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Stereotypes of British Accents in Movies: A Speech Analysis of Character Types in Movies with British Accents2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the use of linguistic stereotypes in three different movies with British accents, namely Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and Narnia: The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe, with a main focus on phonology. It investigates whether attitudes towards British accents found in studies about ideological beliefs about accent variation are reflected in the selected movies and discusses the notion of linguistic identity. The essay analyses how studies of perceived prestige and attractiveness of accents correlates to the character types males, females, main heroes, villains, comic relief and mentors in the selected movies. The essay finds a correlation between Received Pronunciation and every character type. It also finds that accents rated high on the discussed lists most often correlate to the character types mentor, villain and hero, while accents lower down on the list correlates with the character types comic relief and villains. The use of accents in these movies is probably intentional and not coincidental.

  • 25.
    Bergström, Dan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Stilanalys av fyra pamfletter, och fyra kungliga påbud, från den senare delen av tryckfrihetstiden (1770­–1772)2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete kommer fyra pamfletter, och fyra kungliga påbud, från den senare delen av Sveriges tryckfrihetstid (1770­­–1772), att analyseras stilistiskt. Arbetet fokuserar på att ställa pamfletter och kungliga påbud mot varandra, för att genom stilistisk analys undersöka om det finns stildrag som, trots de båda texttypernas olikheter, ändå förenar dem. Arbetet tar även kortfattat upp den inverkan som tidens censur, social tillhörighet, och stilmönster hade på pamflettförfattarna.

    Analysen visar på att pamfletterna har en ledigare stil än de kungliga påbuden, men att de trots det ändå uppvisar stildrag som i hög grad är förknippade med myndighetstexter. En möjlig bidragande orsak till detta kan vara att pamflettförfattarna utövade sina färdigheter som skribenter redan innan tryckfrihetstiden inleddes, och att det kanske inte var helt lätt att släppa tankarna på den föregående tidens hårda publiceringsregler.

  • 26.
    Burman, Anna-Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    An Idea Is a Life Form: An attempt to find evidence of the Conceptual MetaphorTheory by studying the Old English poem Beowulf2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This small study concerns occurrences of metaphor, metonymy and conceptual metaphor in the Old English poem Beowulf. The first 224 lines of Beowulf were searched for non-literal passages. Thefound passages were sorted into the groups conventionalized metaphor, metonymy and innovativemetaphor. The conceptual metaphors were in turn sorted into target domains and source domains and grouped within the domains. These were then compared to Modern English and Modern Swedish metaphors and conceptual metaphors with the help of dictionaries and corpus studies.

    Beowulf was also looked at as a small corpus. Words which were suspected to be used inmetaphorical senses were searched for in the full text and the results were examined and comparedwith modern language usage.

    It was found evident that Old English and Modern English, as well as Modern Swedish, have many conceptual metaphors in common both when in comes to experiential metaphors and culturally grounded metaphors.

  • 27.
    Börjesson, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Swedes’ Understanding of Printed Ads in English: A Study of How Well Swedish Adults Understand the Message of Printed Ads in English2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Advertising in English is becoming more and more common in Sweden, as well as in other non-Anglophone countries, and not all previous studies agree on how well these ads are understood by the local population. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to achieve a broader understanding as to how well the message of printed ads in English are understood by the Swedish adult population. Moreover, this study aims to establish whether there are any common tendencies or patterns in the levels of understanding between the five ads chosen for this study, and how these relate to the personal and demographic characteristics present within my sample.

    The findings of this study indicate that 60% of the printed ads in English are properly understood by most people. Moreover, this study found that the reason for not understanding an ad in English most often is that the ad is drawing on a myth that could not be recognized as something natural by the reader.

    However, as only 12 subjects were included in this study, no generalizations could be made for the whole Swedish population, and a more extensive research study is thus encouraged.

  • 28.
    Christoffer, Broling
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Reklamens grammatik: Diskurs och konsumentkultur i reseannonser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vilka diskurser som finns i reklamannonser för

    resebolag. Frågeställningen anknyter till något som kallas för konsumentkultur: föreställningen

    om att den moderna människan konstruerar sin identitet utefter de konsumtionsval som han

    eller hon gör. Den analysmodell som används bygger på en grammatikteori som heter

    systemisk-funktionell grammatik, vilken pekar ut betydelse och funktion som språkets centrala

    delar.

    Resultatet visar att reklamannonserna utnyttjar konsumentkulturen genom att sätta läsaren i

    fokus och presentera en rad olika valmöjligheter för honom eller henne; erbjudandena sträcker

    sig i ett spann mellan lugna och aktiva upplevelser för att nå ut till så många som möjligt.

    Diskursen är säljande och går ut på att ge läsaren makten att själv få välja, det vill säga

    konstruera sin egen identitet.

  • 29.
    Dahlin, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Second Language Learner Development: A Study of English as an Additional Language Support Program at The Early Learning Centre in Bangkok, Thailand2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study focusing on support of English as an Additional Language provided to students in an international school in Bangkok. The study aims to answer the following questions through literature and responses from interviewees: To what extent does EAL benefit second language learners’ development of language acquisition? and How is the EAL learners’ language proficiency monitored?

    The study was conducted at the international school The Early Learning Centre in Bangkok, including interviews with five EAL students with Swedish as their L1, and one EAL teacher, and questionnaires sent to three parents. The theoretical starting point describes the aspects that are of concern in this study: language acquisition, second language acquisition, English as an additional language in general and at The Early Learning Centre, and English as an additional language continuum. The data indicates that EAL programs that deliver both mainstream and withdrawal support is the accurate way to connect it to the curriculum.

    The results showed that EAL support provides students with sufficient help in acquiring academic and social language skills. ELC uses withdrawal support to improve language skills in smaller groups where the focus lies in learning language and transfer knowledge between L1 and L2. The study also indicates that to monitor language proficiency, assessments are important to monitor skills and development.

  • 30.
    Dalsman, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Enkelt och tydligt eller svårt och ologiskt på trafikbolags webbplatser?: En språkvetenskaplig studie om användarvänlighet och begriplighet utifrån mottagares upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks tre trafikbolags webbplatser utifrån en utvald mottagargrupps upplevelser. Mottagargruppen utgörs av studerande på universitet eller högskola och undersökningarna genomfördes med hjälp av att personer ur denna mottagargrupp agerade informanter. Syftet var att ta reda på i vilken mån mottagarna upplevde webbplatserna som användarvänliga och begripliga och hur detta påverkade deras helhetsintryck av webbplatserna.

    I uppsatsen redogörs för två undersökningar; dels ett praktiskt experiment och dels en digital enkätundersökning. Det praktiska experimentet var en kombination av metoderna observation och intervju, där 15 informanter fick testa webbplatsernas användarvänlighet genom att svara på frågor om struktur och visuellt utseende samt göra ett praktiskt test där de skulle hitta specifika webbsidor. I enkätundersökningen ställdes webbplatsernas begriplighet i fokus genom att 29 informanter svarade på frågor om textinnehållet på utvalda webbsidor. I båda undersökningarna ingick även en jämförelse av informanternas helhetsintryck av de tre webbplatserna.

    Resultaten visade att alla tre webbplatser upplevdes som mer eller mindre begripliga, dock med vissa skillnader mellan webbplatserna. Däremot uppstod tydliga problem och skillnader gällande användarvänligheten och det framkom kritik mot innehållets mottagaranpassning. I båda undersökningarna värderade informanterna sina sammanfattande helhetsintryck på ett liknande sätt, vilket visar på ett samlat resultat där en av webbplatserna värderades som bäst medan en bedömdes ge sämst intryck.

  • 31. Ekberg, Lena
    LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE AND IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION WITHIN CONTEMPORARY COOKING: A Comparative Study of the Language Use of Two British Chefs2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a limited linguistic study that focuses on contemporary language use of two British nationals who are well-known professionals within cooking, and who perform linguistically in the writing of cookery books and in television shows.

    There are two linguistic foci for the study: a gender perspective and a social class perspective. The aim is to evaluate the linguistic features that are characteristic of the two subjects in relation to the research approaches and in relation to previous research from these perspectives, and to compare their respective language use from the selected material. The study also aims to explore how the language use and linguistic style of each subject may contribute to his or her identity and to the professional image marketing processes the employ.

    A quantitative method is used for the study of specific linguistic features and to detect the presence or absence of these features. A qualitative approach is used when discussing and commenting on how the qualitative result may have impact on, or may contribute to, individual style, identity and professional branding. The texts for the study is randomly chosen and comprises written texts in two cookery books of each individual and spoken language in one television episode, of each person, from broadcasted cookery shows. Due to the randomly selected and limited data, the study does not claim to be statistically relevant. Rather, it presents possible tendencies.

    The results of the study show that the subjects act linguistically in accordance with traditional findings and previous research from the perspective of social class, but opposite to traditional findings regarding gender. This result raises the question as to whether or not class may have priority over gender as a linguistic feature, with higher relevance as a social variable, and further research is suggested within this area.

  • 32.
    Elmgren, Tove
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Speaking Tumblr: A Case Study of Textual Communication on Social Media2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes a case study of textual communication on the online social mediaplatform Tumblr. The aim of the research was to analyse the communicative functions and thestylistic, sociolinguistic, and pragmatic characteristics of textual discourse on Tumblr. Usingdata gathered on Tumblr, this essay analyses discursive aspects such as function, style, andpragmatics, relating the findings to literature on topics including relevance theory and theoriesof computer-mediated communication and cyberpragmatics. The research found thatdiscourse on Tumblr is largely phatic in nature, with an overwhelming focus on the discussionof shared interests. Such discussion on Tumblr appears to heavily depend on sharedbackground knowledge, which works as a barrier of in-group discursive solidarity andprovides and furthers feelings of connectedness. This study further found that alternative useof style and grammar on Tumblr appears to be largely uniform, suggesting that divergencesfrom standard norms are a way of displaying membership of a group and obtaining covertprestige, rather than a display of linguistic innovation.

  • 33.
    Engström, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Svårigheter i inlärning av svenska som andraspråk2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was to investigate whether speakers of different languages find different things difficult when learning Swedish. The results showed that the first language was not the only aspect that mattered when it comes to what difficulties the learners face. Also individual differences and the level the learner has reached in the language are important to consider. However, some differences between the groups investigated surfaced and this shows that the first language can infact effect what difficulties the learners will encounter.   

  • 34.
    Flander, Rebecca
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Where Did All the Double Entendres Go?: A study of televised double entendres’ linguistic similarities and differences in connection to social norms and cultural differences between the United Kingdom and the United States.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will examine fourteen selected clips of double entendres, also referred to as sexual innuendoes, from English-speaking films and TV-shows between the 1960s/1970s and 2010s. The aim was to determine whether the double entendres’ linguistic similarities and differences could be connected to generational differences and/or cultural differences between the United Kingdom and the United States.

    The linguistic focus of this study is mainly semantics and pragmatics. It includes the semantic aspects of meaning, ambiguity and puns in terms of homonyms, homophones, homographs, polysemes, oronyms, metaphors and, the pragmatic aspects regarding the generation and recovery of implicatures by audiences.

    The results have shown that many of the double entendres’ similarities are connected to linguistic aspects. For instance, both semantic meaning and pragmatics aspects, such as context, influence the double entendres. However, the result reveals differences in the double entendres’ degree of explicitness; such differences may be connected to generational changes and cultural variation. The study has also indicated that the usage of double entendres as a comedic device has become outmoded and, in some cases, politically inappropriate due to changes in the social climate.

  • 35.
    Forslund, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Aspects of bilingualism: Code-switching, syntactic and semantic development in a bilingual child2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay deals with different definitions of bilingualism and why people become bilingual. Both positive and negative aspects of bilingualism are considered. It also deals with the term code-switching and when bilingual people code-switch. The material used in the essay comes from the on-line CHILD corpus of child language. The charts and the graph in the essay have been produced from a study made by the author of this essay. This study includes a bilingual girl of the age one year and three months up until the age two years and seven months. It includes the mean length of her utterances, how much the child uses the different word classes and different semantic groups, as well as how much the child code-switches in different ages. The results show that the mean length of utterances in Spanish most of the time is increasing, while the mean length of utterances in English is increasing until the child is just over two years old and then it fluctuated considerably.

  • 36.
    Forslund, Kajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Lindfors, Ambjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    En studie av ungdomars skrivpraktik i skolan och på fritiden2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De olika skrivpraktikerna som ungdomar idag möter rymmer olika former och villkor där skolans mer formativa förhållningssätt ställer andra krav både till sitt innehåll och form jämfört med fritidens skrivpraktik där ungdomarna ofta själva väljer både textarena och formen för denna.

     

    Syftet med den här undersökningen var att försöka förstå och ge en bild av de olika skrivpraktiker som eleverna möter dels på sin fritid och dels i skolan. Vi ville även studera om fritidens skrivpraktik påverkade skolans skrivpraktik och i så fall hur. Undersökningen har genomförts med hjälp av åtta olika informanter, lika många flickor och pojkar, fördelat på fyra stycken i årskurs 8 på grundskolan och fyra stycken i årskurs 1 på gymnasiet. Resultatet har sedan analyserats utifrån tidigare forskning och visade att det skiljer sig mellan ungdomars privata skrivpraktik jämfört med skolans mer formella genreinriktade skrivpraktik. Skillnaderna utgörs av vad som inspirerar ungdomar till skrivande, om ämnesområdet har en verklighetsförankring med en autentisk mottagare, samt syftet med själva skrivpraktiken.

  • 37.
    Fristedt, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Irish loanwords in English varieties2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will discuss and research the width and frequency of Irish loanwords in contemporary English varieties. The meanings, uses, differences, similarities and collocations of selected words will be discussed and analyzed in order to find answers to the research questions asked.

    The methods used are quantitative and qualitative research methods. The quantitative method will measure the frequency of the selected words in each of the selected varieties and the qualitative method will discuss the meanings and uses of the words in the different varieties.

    Each word has its own section which discuss meanings, developments and instances in which the words can be found in the different varieties. These sections are summarized at the end of the essay and the conclusion states that Irish loanwords in contemporary English varieties are not greatly widespread compared to the frequency of the same words in Irish English. A few of the words have been able to develop their meaning and use through time, but most instances of the words show the original meaning and use.

  • 38.
    Gati, Pia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    The use of swear words by women: a study of single sex and mix sex conversations2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses women’s use of swear words in both single sex constellations and mix sex constellations. Its primary aim is to find out which swear words women use the most. The secondary aim is to see what communicative function they have in the women’s usage. As a final point, the tertiary aim is to discover in what gender constellation women swear the most.

    In this research, a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodology is used. The quantitative methodology is used to find out which words are the most common, and the qualitative methodology is used to examine which communicative functions they converse, as well as to study how the different gender constellations effect the usage of dirty language.

    The analysis of this essay is divided into these three parts - which words, which communicative functions, and the effect of gender constellations - and concludes and confirms previous research in this narrow and rare field of investigation. This paper shows that women swear less than men but more when they are in the company of their own gender. It also displays which words are the most common, both in tables and in discussion. Finally, this essay shows the most common functions of the chosen swear words women use.

  • 39.
    Grozdanovska, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Digitalplattan som ett medel i yngre barns kommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka kommunikationssätt som blir till vid intra-aktionen mellan digitalplattan och yngre barn. Med tanke på att forskning visar att yngre barn inte får samma möjlighet att använda digital teknik som äldre barn. Forskning visar också på att den digitala undervisningen i förskolan är bristfällig, därför är vårt syfte i studien att undersöka sammanflätningar mellan yngre barn, förskolläraren och digital teknik där människor och materialitet har agens. Vår forskningsfråga är:  Vilka kommunikationssätt blir till i aktiviteter med digitalplatta och yngre barn i förskoleverksamheten? För att undersöka vår forskningsfråga så har vi i föreliggande studie utgått från ett posthumanistiskt perspektiv och gjort en kvalitativ undersökning, där vi använt oss av videoobservationer. Resultatet visar att digitalplattan skapar möjligheter för yngre barn att utveckla både verbala visuella och kroppsliga kommunikationer. Dock behövs det stöttning från förskollärare, då barn och digitalplatta kan ha svårt att förstå varandra i kommunikationen. Slutsatsen är att digitalplattan genom intra-aktioner med barnen och förskollärare, är i ett nätverk där den tillsammans med barn och förskollärare möjliggör kroppsliga, verbala och visuella kommunikationer. 

  • 40.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    The Barns Were Laiking near the Beck: A Study of Old Norse Origins in Colloquial English2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a small quantitative study with focus on colloquial English words with an Old Norse origin. The essay aims to study the history of the Viking invasion and its impact on the English language and to answer the question to what extent Old Norse has influenced modern English vocabulary. Also, the quantitative study aims to answer how well elderly British people are familiar with colloquial English words with Old Norse origins and their denotative meaning and also whether there is a difference in knowledge depending on where in Britain one lives.

    A quantitative questionnaire was designed to research elderly British people’s knowledge of fifteen different colloquial words with Old Norse origins and to see whether the respondents recognized the words and if they knew the words. This questionnaire was then sent to managers working for AgeUK. The managers in their turn distributed the questionnaire to elderly people in their municipality.

    The results indicate that the elderly people living in parts of Britain that were part of the Danelaw have a better understanding of the words researched. The research has also shown that different spellings of the words exist and that the denotative meaning of the words might differ depending on from where in Britain one originates.

  • 41.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Bryngelson, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "Vi tyckte bara om båten": Boksamtal i förskola och skola.2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det finns en utveckling i boksamtal från förskola till skola. Ett annat syfte med studien var att undersöka hur pedagogerna arbetade med boksamtal i ett utvalt rektorsområde. För att uppfylla syftet genomfördes intervjuer med pedagoger och lärare i förskola och skola. Genom intervjuerna söktes en klarhet i hur pedagogerna och lärarna planerar, lägger upp och genomför boksamtal i de olika verksamheterna. För att få en tydligare bild hur boksamtalen genomfördes togs det del av ett färdiginspelat material, där studerades det hur boksamtalen gick till i både förskola och skola. Materialet som framkom under studien ställdes sedan mot tidigare forskning och teorier kring samspel, språk och miljö och tolkades utifrån en hermeneutisk ansats.

     

    Resultatet som framkom var att både pedagoger och lärare arbetar på liknande sätt och att boksamtalen genomförs på ungefär samma tillvägagångssätt i de olika verksamheterna. Studien visar även att barn och elever utvecklar språket, samspelet och att våga tala inför andra.

     

     

    Nyckelord: samspel, samtal, miljö, barn/elev, pedagog/lärare

     

  • 42.
    Gustavsson, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Asså is this actually happening jag får ju stress": Om kodväxling på YouTube2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks svensk-engelsk kodväxling i vloggar publicerade på videoplattformen YouTube mellan november 2017 och april 2018. Syftet är att undersöka kodväxlingarnas struktur, funktion och interna skillnader mellan olika youtubers. Det transkriberade materialet har samlats in från åtta vloggar publicerade av fyra olika youtubers mellan november 2017 och april 2018. För att uppnå studiens syfte och besvara frågeställningarna skapades fyra korpusar där kodväxlingarna kategoriserades enligt struktur, funktion och sedan jämfördes sinsemellan. Den vanligaste typen av kodväxling är ettordsväxlingar medan en majoritet av kodväxlingarna har en fatisk funktion. Den komparativa delen av uppsatsen visar att kodväxling förekommer olika mycket hos olika youtubers, men även att det finns vissa skillnader både när det gäller vilka kodväxlingsfunktioner och vilka typer av kodväxling som används av respektive videoskapare.

  • 43.
    Haraldsson, Mathilda
    Halmstad University.
    Pippi Longstocking: Differences in the translations from Swedish to English, from 1950 and 2007: A structural comparison of two different translations of Pippi Longstocking from Swedish to English2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on comparing two different versions of Pippi Longstocking translated into English on a structural level. With the help of the research of the known linguistics John Catford and Paul Vinay & Jean-Louis Darbelnet, we compare how the two different translators, Tiina Nunnally (2007) and Florence Lamborn (1950) have translated the same book. This study compares these two translations for grammatical features and word choices on a structural level, for example use of verb tense and differences in Vinay & Darbelnet’s modulation. It also studies how the translators have done differently regarding Catford’s structural shifts. The essay also briefly looks at the cultural differences between the countries and how they have been translated.

    The aim of this project is not to determine which translation is better, but to compare and describe any differences and similarities found. It will look at how the two translators have handled the same problems differently (or similarly). The translations by Florence Lamborn and Tiina Nunnally have much in common, but in our result and analysis we present the differences.

  • 44.
    Heuser, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Bilingual Projects in Schools: How does the CLIL program influence the fluency of students?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to investigate students’ English at a Swedish secondaryschool concerning their fluency. Hereby students who take part in SPRINT(språk- och innehållsintegrerad inlärning och undervisning) will be compared withstudents who do not take part in this project.The study focuses on oral fluency, which is measured in tone groups. It came outthat students that take part in SPRINT programs have a higher amount of tonegroups than students who do not take part in these programs. Therefore one cansay they are more fluent in the language than other students.

  • 45.
    Jalhed, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Namn på karaktärer i fantasylitteratur genom tiderna: En onomastisk jämförelse av namn i svensk och engelsk fantasylitteratur2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här undersökningen har jag haft som syfte att se om det finns ett förändrat namn­givningsmönster i fantasylitteratur som har skett över tid och om denna förändring sker samtidigt och på samma sätt i fantasy från Sverige och i fantasy från Storbritannien. Till denna undersökning valdes 14 engelska böcker och 14 svenska böcker. Det valdes två från varje årtionde, från 50-talet till 2010-talet. Dessa böcker excerperades och namnen analyserades. Det framkom att namntypernas användning i svensk och engelsk fantasy skiljer sig mycket från varandra. Det kan observeras att det varierar vilka namntyper som används under vissa perioder. 

  • 46.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Halmstad University.
    Received Pronunciation, Estuary English and Cockney English: A Phonologic and Sociolinguistic Comparison of Three British English Accents2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Johansson, Christina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Learning to Learn: Multiple intelligences in the language classroom2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty-two students in year nine and three teachers in rural Sweden have taken part in an investigation on learning preferences in general and listening in particular. The starting-point for the study is Gardner’s multiple intelligences and the purpose is to investigate how well students know their own learning abilities or strategies and how that knowledge corresponds with work at school. The result shows that students are aware of their preferred strategy but many of them need to work with developing additional abilities in order to improve their English. There is also an apparent difference between students’ relation to listening and teachers’ approach to the same though some of the difference is due to the lack of possibilities in the conventional classroom. This small and limited study briefly discusses the possible implications for teaching and learning in the diversified classroom.

  • 48.
    Johansson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Extensive Reading and Grammatical Development: A Case Study within SLA2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study focusing on the effects of extensive reading. The study mainly deals with grammatical development and the relationship between input and output, but it also discusses learning strategies. The study aimed to answer the following question: To what extent, and in what ways, does extensive reading affect output and grammatical performance?

    The essay analyses the grammatical performance of a Spanish speaking PhD student in chemistry, whose main exposure to English was scientific literature during the study period. Accuracy tests were used in combination with free writing.

    The study did not find any direct, unquestionable relationship between extensive reading and grammatical development. Instead it shows the difficulty of separating input and output. However, the study indicates that output may be an effective tool for improving grammatical performance and that some focus on form may be necessary, at least for the grammatical development of adults. Furthermore, the study indicates that teaching may influence grammatical performance and, therefore, the presentation of grammar needs to be carefully considered.

  • 49.
    Johansson, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Bilinguisme : Une diversité linguistique – une ressource2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Les familles bilingues sont de plus en plus nombreuses dans notre société, et dans les écoles aujourd’hui il y a beaucoup plus d’étudiants qui parlent couramment plus d’une langue qu’il y a quelques années.

    Un nouveau système d’apprentissage où les langues étrangères seront plus utilisées dans les matières comme les maths, l’histoire, la géographie, la biologie, etc. pourrait avoir un impact positif sur l’apprentissage des langues étrangères mais aussi sur les autres matières et aussi un impact favorable sur les élèves qui seront plus en confiance en eux même et plus préparer en sortant des écoles pour affronter la nouvelle société multilingue. 

    Le bilinguisme est une ressource très précieuse tant pour l’individu que pour la société. La langue porte la culture et elle est nécessaire pour communiquer, penser, rêver ainsi pour se développer en tant qu’êtres humains.  

    L’homme est un être social et la nécessité de communiquer nous motive à apprendre des langues.

    Il y a une différence importante entre être capable de communiquer dans une langue et d’utiliser une langue comme un outil de réflexion, une personne parfaitement bilingue doit savoir faire les deux. 

    Les langues se ressemblent de structures et une des conséquences de ce fait est que dans les sociétés plurilingues, les enfant exposés à diverses langues sont habitués à comparer plus ou moins inconsciemment et ils deviennent plus facilement multilingues. Les écoles d’aujourd’hui ont besoin de faire quelques changements pour s’adapter à une enseignement bilingue car le bilinguisme est une ressource qu’il faut commencer d’utiliser dans notre société multilinguistique. On pourrait avoir le même effet  dans les écoles si on introduirait les langues étrangères plus tôt dans l’enseignement.

  • 50.
    Johansson, Josefin
    Halmstad University.
    No Laughing Matter: A study of the use of comedy in public service announcements2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a study which is intended to explore how public service announcements in broadcast media use humour as a method of conveying their core messages in a manner which is both memorable and persuasive; to consider why humour is chosen as a strategy; and to identify the similarities and differences in the use of humour in PSAs and commercial broadcast advertising. Six video commercials were analysed in total: three PSAs and three advertisements. The analysis identified semantic and stylistic features including metaphors, puns, idioms, vagueness, polysemes, homonyms, homographs and homophones, as well as visual metaphors. It continued on to investigate how PSAs contextualise their messages, applying Grice's co-operative principle, as well as the principles of relevance, as proposed by Sperber and Wilson (1986).

    The results revealed that the PSAs examined appear to show the application of a range of linguistic devices that contribute to making their content humorous. Ambiguity, mostly generated by verbal and visual metaphors, vagueness and polysemy, appears to be the most common strategy for stimulating interest and engaging the viewer. It was observed that viewers must possess the ability to recover meaning through non-linguistic signifiers, such as body language, and through contextual cues. It was also established that similar linguistic devices tend to be used in the production of PSAs and advertisements to create humorous content, but to a different extent.

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