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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Luthra, Renee
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Hurtig, Peter
    Research and Development, Misa AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Employer attitudes toward hiring persons with disabilities: A vignette study in Sweden2015In: Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, ISSN 1052-2263, E-ISSN 1878-6316, Vol. 43, no 1, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are often far removed from the labour market and research shows that employers’ negative attitudes toward persons with disabilities create a barrier to attaining employment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate Swedish employers’ experiences and attitudes toward hiring persons with various disabilities. METHODS: A vignette method with accompanying questions was used. A total of 212 employers, who were actively seeking to hire, were recruited via an online employment site and participated in the study. RESULTS: The results indicated that there is some interest for employers to hire persons with disabilities and that this depended on the type of disability a person has. Other results demonstrated that previous experience of employing persons with disabilities was linked to greater interest in hiring, that employers had greater interest to hire than they thought other employers had, and that openness about the disability was deemed as an important factor in the hiring process. CONCLUSION: The novelty of this study is its use of a vignette design to investigate employers’ attitudes in Sweden. Moreover, the results are much in line with international research. This contributes to knowledge and development of increasing employment for persons with disabilities. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis Department of Energy and Environment, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hammar, Linus
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The critical role of informed political direction for advancing technology: The case of Swedish marine energy2017In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 101, 52-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marine energy technologies can contribute to meeting sustainability challenges, but they are still immature and dependent on public support. This paper employs the Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) framework to analyze the development and diffusion of Swedish marine energy up until 2014. While there were promising device developers, relevant industrial capabilities, and world-class research, the system suffered from weaknesses in several important innovation processes. Finally, the analysis identifies the lack of informed political direction as a critical blocking factor and highlights its connection to domestic market potential. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 3.
    Bak, Agata
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sweden's Ascending Normative Role in EU? Sweden’s endeavours towards European Conflict Prevention Programme2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    C-level Thesis in International Relations Course.

  • 4.
    Christine, Bigby
    et al.
    La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Tideman, MagnusHalmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Research and practice in Intellectual and Developmental disabilities: Special Issue: Swedish Disability Research: What Lessons for Australia?2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Dahlin Larsson, Pethra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    VEM HÖR TILL?: Eller inte?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades, trends of integration processes in terms of citizens of different ethnicities, different gender and different sexual belongings, etc. has grown thanks to debates and new legislations. A marginalized and discriminated group in society such as women, immigrants, homosexuals, transsexuals and people with disabilities during this time has gained momentum in the community. The curiosity over whether these developments have changed our attitudes and values to the world around us, and if so how, is the reason for this master's thesis in disability studies.

    The Swedish development forms the basis for my belief on a younger generation of people who would be more tolerant than previous generations, in terms of what is considered to belong to the norm in our society, or not. The purpose of this study is therefore to increase knowledge about what beliefs young people today have about people with disabilities. The questions that the study is based on are: What does young people characterizes as a normal  or an abnormal human being? What thoughts do young people have about the people who deviate from the norm? What beliefs do they have regarding people with disabilities?

    To achieve the objective, the choice has fallen on a qualitative approach. Empirical data were collected through a focus group of four 18-year-olds, where they based on specific themes, have associated and discussed freely. For the processing and interpretation of the data collection, Moscovici (1984) theory of social representations has been used. By interpreting the focus groups discussions, the result shows that people with disabilities still are highly regarded and treated as people who should be "corrected" by the individual / medical model.

  • 6.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    “Making it work in the frontline” explains female home care workers' defining, recognizing, communicating and reporting of occupational disorders2008In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2623, Vol. 3, no 3, 176-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Epidemiological research has so far failed to explain the high incidence of occupational disorders among home care workers (HCWs) and the great differences in organizational incidence rate. A qualitative approach may contribute to a deeper understanding of work group reasoning and handling in a more contextual manner. The aim of this grounded theory study was to gain a deeper understanding of the main concern in the processes of recognizing, communicating and reporting occupational disorders among HCWs. Focus group interviews were conducted with 40 HCWs in 9 focus groups. The selected municipalities represented variations in municipality type and incidence rate of occupational disorders. Making it work in the frontline was identified as the core category explaining that the perceived work situation in home care work was the main concern but interacted with work-group socialising processes as well as with the communicability and derivability of the occupational disorder when defining and reporting occupational disorders. Complex problems could be reformulated and agreed within the workgroup to increase communicability. Described significances for reporting/non-reporting were related to financial compensation, to a part of organizational political game or to an existential uncertainty, i.e. questioning if it belonged to their chosen work and life. Our conclusion is that working situation and work group attitudes have importance for reporting of occupational disorders. To support work-related health for HCWs, integrating communication should be developed about work-related challenges in work situation, as well as about attitudes, culture and efficiency within work-group.

  • 7.
    Eklund, Monica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Rydin, Ingegerd
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Educational Integration of Asylum-seeking and Refugee Children in Sweden2013In: Migrants and Refugees: Equitable Education for Displaced Populations / [ed] Elinor L. Brown, University of Kentucky & Anna Krasteva, New Bulgarian University, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2013, 73-93 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) have undergone substantial cultural and social changes due to increased migration from the 1970s onwards. While the Nordic region has become more multicultural in terms of demography, workforces and cultural practices, criticism of multicultural politics has increased. Despite different patterns of immigration in the Nordic countries, they all seem to share growing political tensions with regard to multiculturalism and migration. Many migrants have experiences of racism and discrimination (Eide & Nikunen, 2010:1). In all Nordic countries, right-wing conservative parties have strengthened their position. In Norway and Denmark, such parties have for some time been represented in the Parliament, and in Sweden, the Sweden Democrats came into the Parliament after the 2010 election. This party has on its agenda to reduce the costs for migration and dramatically change the national migration policy. They blame the government for being too permissive and generous. It is against this background the present report is written.

  • 8.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Från Dubbla spår till elevhälsa – en utvärdering av ett förändringsarbete2007Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Evelina, Ohlsson
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kunskapsnivån, förståelsen och intresset för naturvård hos elever i nionde klass i Halmstad kommun: En intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how much knowledge ninth grade Swedish students posses on the subjects of conservation biology and biodiversity. Additionally, the students’ general interest for these subjects is examined. This is achieved using the method grounded theory. Data is collected in the form of interviews. Overall, 27 students from five different schools located within Halmstad municipality participated. The participating students statements is graded from 1-10. From interviews and grading, conclusions can be drawn. The main category indicates that the students in this study has the ability to see problems and challenges from a perspective that reflects a balance between human / nature coexistence. Societal awareness is an important part of conservation biology as this discipline integrates aspects of society, economy and political policy as well as biological aspects. Additionally, they described Swedish conservation biology examples as interesting and believed that Swedish examples should have a greater use in science lessons. The students found conservation biology fascinating and saw the need for increased education in this subject. When the students tried to define words such as “conservation biology” and “biodiversity”, they encountered some difficulties. The students did not understand these terms. These results suggest that methods for raising the understanding and knowledge of conservation biology and biodiversity are needed. Also, the students found it important to include more conservation biology in science lessons during secondary school. Thus, this study suggests that increased education of the public is needed and the expansion of conservation biology in schools is a viable approach to achieve this.

  • 10.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ljungberg, Daniel
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Förnyelsens källor: Akademikers roller och innovativa beteenden2016In: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: Företag, akademi, politik / [ed] McKelvey, M. & Zaring, O., Stockholm: Esbri , 2016, 150-163 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Hultin, Melodia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vem ska bemanna brandstationerna på landsbygden?: En kvalitativ studie om RiB:s perspektiv på rekrytering i framtiden.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Rescue Agency is the central authority body that shall promote and develop the capacity for effective emergency and rescue work. Within its responsibility is support to the rescue crews with information, education and training development. The council is responsible for rescue and emergency services within council boundaries. Employees with emergency services consist of both of full-time firemen and standby rescue crew. They used to be called part-time firemen and are known today as standby rescue crew. The standby crews are most commonly employed in smaller villages. 

    Recruiting standby rescue crew has always been a problem and a challenge for small councils due to the fact that there are less people to choose from that work and live in the same place. This creates a problem of having enough staff there required by law. People who choose to become part-time firemen are dependent on their main employees to approve their needs as part-time firemen. Due to private and public employees being less tolerant to the needs required to be part-time firemen there has been a reduction in their numbers. Our main purpose is to get the standby rescue crews perspective on how the emergency services can recruit employees in the future. 

    We have chosen to use a qualitative study in the form of interviews. Our respondents are 13 part-time firemen that have worked as rescue crews between 1 and 30 years and are aged between 20 to 58. They work in four different fire stations throughout Sweden and have in common that they are all placed in small communities. We have analyzed our interviews and linked them to our theories. The result shows that the respondents are aware of the problems of having enough crew at the stations in smaller communities and they have many ideas for a possible solution to the problems. They are feeling positive that standby crews will be around in the future in one form or another. 

  • 12.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa2014In: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 2014, 37-37 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness center activities have gained popularity. One central role fitness staff members have is to help participants to become or maintain health and fitness. In recent years, a new phenomenon – orthorexia nervosa, which M.D. Bratman coined in the late 1990s – has emerged. He termed orthorexia as "a fixation on eating healthy food". Research has mentioned that participants in sports and fitness activities may be at higher risk of becoming orthorexic. Since the late 1990s, orthorexia has been noticed, also in Swedish newspaper articles. In so doing, the 'condition' has evolved to include fanatic exercise and eating behaviours. Fitness professionals might thus work with individuals that are considered to suffering from orthorexia. The purpose of this presentation is to elucidate and problematize ethical issues that are raised during the research that deals with personal trainers and group fitness instructors talk of health and orthorexia. The material will consist of four focus groups with 18 fitness professionals that work in Swedish fitness centers. It will be carried out as a qualitative study. This study raises ethical issues, including for instance: a) by focusing and giving attention to orthorexia, the study may contribute to categorizing "the problem", as well as enlarge it. This paradoxical situation as the aim is to contribute scientific knowledge that can problematize orthorexia; b) the challenge to manage and balance a critical approach without causing harm (e.g. introduce orthorexia to fitness professionals who might have an erroneous perspective of and/or have little knowledge about orthorexia) (cf. Halse & Honey, 2005).

  • 13.
    Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Mattsson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Ulvenblad, Per-Ola
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Weisner, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Slututvärdering av det svenska landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013: DELRAPPORT IV : Synteser för en hållbar landsbygdsutveckling : Utvärdering av programmets samlade effekter2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del av utvärderingen av landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013. Fyra grupper med forskare från universitet och högskolor har gjort slututvärderingen. Den publiceras i fyra delrapporter varav detta är en. Frågor som handlar om hela programmet besvaras huvudsakligen i delrapport IV. Frågor om enskilda åtgärder besvaras i de tre andra delrapporterna. En översikt av vilka frågor som besvaras i vilken rapport finns på följande sidor.

    Slututvärderingen görs för att besvara EU-gemensamma och specifika svenska utvärderingsfrågor om vilka effekter programmet har haft, i vilken utsträckning det har bidragit till att uppfylla målen och hur effektivt detta har gjorts.

    Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket ansvarar för att de svenska EU-programmen där Jordbruksverket är förvaltande myndighet blir utvärderade. Det innebär att utvärderingssekretariatet beställer och genomför utvärderingar av landsbygdsprogrammet, havs- och fiskeriprogrammet samt programmet för lokalt ledd utveckling inom regionalfonden och socialfonden. Programmen utvärderas dels var för sig men också tillsammans. Utvärderingarna görs i relation till målen i programmen och de övergripande EU 2020-målen.

    De flesta utvärderingarna genomförs av externa aktörer. Vi tar hjälp av forskare för att kvalitetsgranska rapporterna innan de publiceras. I slutet av rapporterna finns ett utlåtande från granskarna. Rapporterna publiceras i en särskild rapportserie och rapportförfattarna är ansvariga för slutsatserna. Slutsatserna utgör inte Jordbruksverkets officiella ståndpunkt.

    /Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket

  • 14.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Editorial to the QHW Thematic Cluster “Health, Physical Activity and Lifestyle”2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, 29156Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Karlsson, Jana
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Mårtensson, Lina
    Halmstad University.
    ARBETE I FÖRÄNDRING: En studie om hur arbetet förändrades för undersköterskor när elektronisk dokumentation infördes2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med undersökningen är att synliggöra hur undersköterskor upplever det administrativa arbetet som elektronisk dokumentation innebär samt hur skiftet från pappersdokumentation till elektronisk dokumentation upplevs. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ undersökning med åtta undersköterskor, fem enskilda intervjuer och en gruppintervju på tre personer, studien utfördes på ett äldreboende. Vi undersöker hur personalen upplever att elektronisk dokumentation påverkar deras dagliga arbete. Resultatet visar att personalen anser att förändringen gjort att arbetsbelastningen och oron har ökat, detta eftersom det har skett förändringar i arbetsfördelningen i förvaltningen och att elektronisk dokumentation leder till ytterligare ett arbetsmoment för undersköterskorna på älderboendet. Personalen upplever att dokumentationen är detsamma som innan med pappers dokumentation eftersom dokumentation alltid har gjorts, utan att det är själva utförandet som har förändrats. Det uppkom att vissa upplever arbetsbelastning och oro för att hantera datorn samt att möjligheten att skriva fel i anteckningarna. Detta beror på många anledningar, såsom skriva för långsamt vilket gör att tiden försvinner från kunderna, att personen inte vågar erkänna att denne inte kan hantera datorn, de vet inte vad de ska skriva och behöver mer utbildning inom området. Genom att ta hjälp av varandra och chefernas stöd upplever personalen att de kan hantera de administrativa arbetsuppgifterna, men att det kan behövas mer utbildning för de som upplever oro i arbetsmomentet. De flesta respondenterna ansåg, att elektronisk dokumentation har skapat möjligheter och är tidsbesparande, så har de fått möjligheter att skapa en bättre vardag för sina kunder, då de hade mer tid till dem. Administrationsuppgifterna i sig har inte ökat, menar respondenterna, utan det är arbetsfördelningen som har förändrats vilket innebär att undersköterskorna utför mer administration än tidigare. De som är märkvärt är hur de anställda kan hantera den förändrade arbetsfördelningen och de nya rutinerna bakom denna

  • 16.
    Kjellman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ranagården, Lisbeth
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Supportive tools for resilient, open minded and non-violent grassroot work in schools - Sweden2013In: Violence prevention and resilience promotion in schools: Report about the international research project STRONG, Supportive Tools for Resilient, Openminded and Non-violent Grassroots in schools / [ed] Kalus Fröhlich-Gildhoff, Cecilia Kjellman, Patrick Lecaplain, Miguel Prata Gomes and Tomaz Wojciechowski, Freiburg, Germany: FEL Verlag , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of an erlier project "Implementation and evaluation of quality criteria concerning the professional support for violent children and adolescents" indicate that professionals in the context school (e.g. teachers) show an increased need of acquiring a wider range of options for dealing with phenomena related to violence in their schools. Within this project, a comprehensive conception which consider both the need for prevention and the need for intervention. The Main objecti was prevention of violence or violent behavior in schools by promoting pupils’ resilience and life skills. With focussing on the strengths of the children and adolescents a contribution to counteract social processes of exclusion and stigmatization which also use to occur in the organizational framework of the “institution school”. The project coaching the “institution school” in dealing with the great variety of the phenomenon of violence. In the Swedish part of the project used the method of research circles with teachers and other school staff, interviews with principals, interviews and questionairs with pupils, toolbox, mapping.

  • 17.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    Department of Physiotherapy, Sport Medicine and Adapted Physical Activity, Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Riga, Latvia.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Hammar, Lena
    The National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools, Örebro, Sweden.
    Soulie, Tine
    Danish Disability Sport Information Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Cooperative oriented learning in inclusive physical education2014In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 29, no 2, 119-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the implementation of cooperation directed learning of peer tutoring in elementary general inclusive physical education (GPE) setting in three elementary city schools in Sweden was studied. The purpose was to assess the impact of peer tutoring on the interaction behaviours between students with and without disabilities in GPE. A design of multiple case study with elementary school age students with moderate disabilities (n = 4) was used. Peer tutors (n = 37) were students without disabilities who voluntary participated in a peer tutor training programme. The programme included the collaborative learning values, teaching instructions and communication skills served as the independent measure. Dependent measures were multiple interactions between students with and without disabilities. Data to the case studies were collected through a design of mixed methods, containing both quantitative and qualitative data. Totally 43 observation sessions of inclusive GPE settings were collected on videotapes and analysed using the Computerized Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education (CEPI-PE). In addition, interviews with school personnel and children served as a complementary study outcome. The percentage of interactions between target students and peer tutors significantly increased (3.2–11.8%, respectively, p < .05) during peer tutor intervention. This study indicated that peer tutor arrangements can contribute the successful cooperation between students with and without disabilities in inclusive GPE in Swedish elementary school. All four students with moderate disabilities maintained high percentage of activities done independently throughout baseline and intervention phase (50.5 and 57.6%, accordingly). Qualitative data throughout field notes and interviews with school personnel and pupils confirmed a positive class climate change and improvement in peer relation culture. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

  • 18.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    Department of Physiotherapy and Sport Medicine, Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Riga, Latvia.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Hammar, Lena
    The National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools, Örebro, Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Soulie, Tine
    Danish Disability Sport Information Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Cooperation directed learning in inclusive physical education2012In: EUCAPA 2012, Book of abstracts, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer tutoring is a type of collaboration directed learning strategy in which students support each other rather than relying only on assistant teacher or paraprofessional assistance. Utilizing peers as a natural support might facilitate interactions between students with and without disabilities. However, the research on cooperation oriented education approaches in Europe is very spare.

    PURPOSE:

    This study aims the implementation of cooperation oriented learning of peer tutoring in elementary general inclusive physical education (GPE) setting in three city schools in Sweden. The study was utilized within a Nordplus- Horizontal project.

    METHODS:

    A single subject multiple baseline design across elementary school age students with moderate disabilities (n=4) was used. While peer tutor training program was provided for the whole class target students were included when attending GPE, peer tutors (n=37) were students without disabilities who volunteered for this role. The peer tutor training program incorporating disability awareness, teaching instructions and communication skills served as the independent measure. Dependent measures included physical, instructional and social interactions between students with and without disabilities. Totally 43 observations sessions (á 20 minutes) were collected on videotapes. The obtained data were coded using the Computerized Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education (CEPI-PE) (Klavina, 2011).

    RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

    Age appropriate peer tutors were effective at assisting students with moderate disabilities in inclusive GPE in Swedish elementary schools. The percentage of interactions between target students and peer tutors significantly increased (3.2% to 11.8 % respectively, p<.5). These results replicate findings of previous studies done in the United States demonstrating that peer tutor arrangements can contribute the successful collaboration between students with and without disabilities in inclusive GPE (Houston-Wilson et al., 1997; Klavina & Block, 2008; Lieberman et al., 1997; Murata & Jansma, 1997). All four students with disabilities maintained high percentage of activities done independently throughout baseline and intervention phase (50.5% and 57.6%, accordingly). While collected data did not demonstrate significant change in social interactions for students with disabilities across the two study conditions (11.6% in baseline and 13.9% in intervention), anecdotal notes and social validation outcomes indicated that peer tutoring conditions provided them with the sense of being included in the class. For example, the classroom teachers stated that students with disabilities experienced more social interactions and positive attitude from their classmates during other situations during the school day increasing self-esteem of target students. Along this line, Goodwin and Watkinson (2000) found that factors contributing to positive experience for students with physical disabilities in GPE were a sense of belonging and companionship. Also, school principals and teacher assistants at all four research sites indicated positive change regarding social climate and the quality of the social interactions in the whole class after the study, not only between students with and without disabilities. The positive perceived peer culture (Jansson, 2005) reported by the school personal is an essential additional outcome of the peer tutoring training. The importance of using a class wide peer tutoring approach when including students with moderate disabilities in GPE become obvious.

    References

    Goodwin, D.L., & Watkinson, E.J. (2000). Inclusive physical education from the

    perspective of students with physical disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity

    Quarterly, 17, 144-160.

    Houston-Wilson, C., Dunn, J.M., Van der Mars, H., & McCubbin, J. (1997). The effect          of peer tutors on motor performance in integrated physical education classes. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 14, 298–313.

    Jansson, U. (2005). Vad är delaktighet? En diskussion av olika innebörder.

    Pedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet. [in Swedish]

    Klavina, A. (2011). Development and Initial Validation of the Computerized

    Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15(1), 26-46.

    Klavina, A. & Block, M. (2008). The effect of peer tutoring on interaction behaviors in inclusive physical education. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 25, 132-158.

    Lieberman, L.J., Newcomer, J., McCubbin, J., & Dalrymple, N. (1997). The effects of cross age tutors on the academic learning time in physical education of children with disabilities in inclusive elementary physical education classes. Brazilian Journal of Adapted Physical Education & Recreation, 4, 15–32.

    Murata, N.M., & Jansma, P. (1997). Influence of support personnel on students with and without disabilities in general physical education. Clinical Kinesiology, 51 (2), 37-46.

  • 19.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Hammar, Lena
    Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    Gävle University College, Gävle, Sweden.
    Soulié, Tine
    Handikappidrottens Videncenter, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Peer–tutoring and cooperative learning in PE: a collaborative project2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel ”Samarbetsorienterat lärande med kamratstöd/mentorsstöd för ökad delaktighet i ämnet idrott och hälsa”. Syfte Att ta del av ny forskning och pröva en modell med kamrat/mentors-stöd som visat positiva resultat i USA. Syftet med projektet är att öka möjligheten till delaktighet för elever med funktionsnedsättning. Studien riktar sig mot ämnesområdet Idrott och hälsa som har brister när det just gäller delaktigheten. Målgrupp Primär målgrupp är elever i grund- och särskolan, med funktionsnedsättning, lärare i Idrott och hälsa, rådgivare, specialpedagoger och rektorer. Bakgrund Kunskapen om, och vikten av lek, rörelse och fysisk aktivitet är idag ett väl utforskat område som har många förespråkare. Även politiker och myndigheter arbetar med nya förslag och rapporter som ligger i linje med detta, och ger ytterligare stöd för mer fysisk aktivitet i skolan. Problematiken ligger ofta i att detta måste komma alla elever till del. Genom satsningar såsom ex. handslaget och tillägg i läroplanen om daglig fysisk aktivitet, som borde gynna barn med funktionsnedsättningar, upplevs i istället att det ofta görs särskilda lösningar med följden att många elever med funktionsnedsättning upplever att de inte är delaktiga.  I detta sammanhang är det också anmärkningsvärt att notera att personer med funktionsnedsättningar, och i synnerhet personer med rörelsehinder, har den sämsta folkhälsan i Sverige (Folkhälsoinstitutet, 2008) Delaktighet är en viktig faktor för att må bra och elever som mår bra lär sig bättre. Forskning visar att delaktighet på lektioner också påverkar delaktigheten på raster och fritiden. Det förekommer alltför ofta att elever med någon funktionsnedsättning får en bristfällig undervisning i ämnet Idrott och hälsa, samt i andra fysiska aktiviteter inom skolans ram. Många elever deltar inte alls, andra deltar, men utan att vara delaktiga. Att ha en eller flera elever med någon funktionsnedsättning i sin klass bör ses som en tillgång. I forskningssammanhang internationellt, fr.a. från USA har man de senaste åren undersökt hur delaktigheten påverkas av kamratstöd istället för assistentstöd inom skolämnet Idrott och hälsa. I dessa studier har det visat sig att elever inte bara upplever markant ökad delaktighet, utan också att elever med funktionsnedsättning får ett bättre och mer situationsanpassat stöd. Metod Kvantitativ ”Single subject study”, videodokumentation. Kvalitativ intervjuer med fenomenografisk ansats.Projektgrupp Aija Klavina ass. Prof universitetet i Riga, Lettland; Kajsa Jerlinder, Högskolan i Gävle/GIH Stockholm; Lena Hammar, Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten. Tine Soulié, Handikappidrottens Videncenter, Roskilde Danmark. Lars Kristén, Högskolan i Halmstad

  • 20.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Report. The conference of adapted physical activity in Örebro, Sweden, 12-16 September 2006.2006Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Adapted physical activity: Active healthy lifestyle for all2008In: Proceedings / Nordic conference Health, participation and effects of sport and exercise 2-4 October 2008: / [ed] B. Carlsson, U, Johnsson, K. Josefsson & N. Stambulova, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2008, 15-15 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young people with disabilities do not have today the same opportunities to participate in sporting and health-promoting activities as other young people without such handicaps. Sporting activities for these children and teenagers can in many cases not be pursued in their leisure time and are not exploited to any great extent within rehabilitation. Within the curricular framework of the school, special needs teaching in Physical Education is available but as with amateur sports provision in general it is dependent on the expertise and methods of the teacher or trainer. Today, the concept of health is defined as more than merely the absence of disease, and there is an ongoing development towards a total health concept, a holistic concept. APA is well in line with WHO’s new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), where disability is replaced by activity and handicap by participation. The revised version supersedes the previous International Classification of Impairment, Disability and Handicap (ICIDH), whereby the sporting activity becomes a means of achieving both health and participation. Among others, findings shows that adapted physical activity can involve different health aspects for the child or adolescent with a disability e.g. strengthening one's physique and having a good time as well as facilitating their participation in society e.g. getting new friends and becoming someone. On the other hand, physical activity can have both a positive and a negative influence on the different dimensions of health, seen in terms of physical, mental, social and spiritual/existential well-being. It would be desirable to more clearly tie research and educational investment into the area which would reflect not only national and community aims but also favour the individual’s opportunities and benefits in terms of sporting and health-promoting activities.

  • 22.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Anpassad fysisk aktivitet för barn och ungdomar med funktionshinder2010In: Hälsa och livsstil: forskning och praktiska tillämpningar / [ed] Lillemor R-M Hallberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1:1, 157-171 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Future challenges for intervention research in health and lifestyle research: A systematic meta-literature review2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, 27326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this systematic meta-literature review was to (1) summarize the findings of review studies focusing on health determinants, (2) give an overview of intervention studies that have been used to facilitate health and lifestyle, and (3) provide recommendations for future studies in health promotion. A literature review, using a meta-method, was conducted to identify health and lifestyle research based on research articles related to health changes. The search yielded a total of 561 unique citations and finally 24 citations remained. Of those, 11 studies focused on health determinants, whereas 13 focused on interventions for health promotion. Results from this meta-synthesis led to four recommendations for the design of future intervention studies. (1) To increase the likelihood of capturing different biopsychosocial aspects of health, researchers from different scientific disciplines should collaborate in the design, implementation, and evaluation of the study. (2) It is recommended to use theoretical frameworks that focus on health determinants in longitudinal studies with a repeated measures design. (3) Studies should involve behavioral interventions. (4) Design face-to-face intervention studies where the participant can interact with other persons.

  • 24.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Challenges for Intervention Research in Health and Lifestyle Research – A Systematic Meta-literature Review2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Health and well-being are two concepts that are widely discussed within today’s society. A major perspective in health and lifestyle research is to investigate what determinants are associated with health. When it comes to the delivery of health interventions several different approaches have been suggested.

    Methods

    The meta-synthesis was chosen for synthesis of research studies using a health and lifestyle the review format and analyse meta-questions. The process included the following five phases:

    1. Literature search for articles.

    2. Selection of relevant articles after repeated reading and appraisal of the articles.

    3. Extraction of data from each article and creating a list of findings as key phrases, ideas and concepts for each individual study.

    4. Determining how the findings of the selected studies are related and translating findings into one another.

    5. Synthesizing the translations to produce a new theoretical interpretation.

    Results

    The search yielded a total of 561 unique citations and finally 24 citations remained. Of those 11 studies focused on health determinants, while 13 focused on interventions for health promotion. The meta-synthesis led to four recommendations for the design of future intervention studies. (1) scientific disciplines should collaborate in the design, implementation and evaluation of the study. (2) to use theoretical frameworks that focus on health determinants and to apply longitudinal studies with a repeated measures design.(3) involve behavioral interventions. (4) to design face-to-face intervention studies.

    Discussion

    Determinants was related to a physical active lifestyle, more specifically high quality school programs for physical education. It could be a starting point for a nationwide approach of daily physical activity in whole society. In all intervention studies physical activity behaviors were included as outcome or intervention program. It is therefore speculated that physical activity behavior could be discussed as one mediator between health determinants and health outcomes.

    References

    Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: a review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of School Health, 76, 397-401.

    Dodge, R., Daly, A., Huyton, J., & Sanders, L. (2012). The challenge of defining wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2, 222-235.

    Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L. T., Brownson, R. C., Heath, G. W., Howze, E. H., Powell, K. E., & Corso, P. (2002). The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 22, (4), 73-107.

    Paterson, B.L., Thorne, S., Canam, C., Jilings, C., (2001). Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research: A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis. Sage, Thousand Oaks,CA.

    Södergren, M. (2013). Lifestyle predictors of healthy ageing in men. Maturitas, 75, 113-117.

    Corresponding author email: Lars.Kristen@hh.se

  • 25.
    Kurnik, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Testing the Cumulative Frequency Hypothesis with Multilinguals in Reading2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The non-selective and the cumulative frequency hypotheses offer competing explanations to the neurological origins of the cognate facilitation effect. Researchers have yet to establish which of these has the strongest empirical foundation, with important theoretical implications. This experiment tested the cumulative frequency hypothesis with 22 SwedishEnglish bilinguals in the eye-tracking paradigm. Data was gathered and analysed from sentence stimuli containing cognate and control words using mixed-effects statistical analysis. A significant interaction was found between Cognate Facilitation and Contextual Diversity in FFD. The results were inconclusive as regard to the dichotomy or symbiosis of non-selectivity and cumulative frequency as neurological phenomena. However, they did indicate the strong presence of cognate facilitation throughout both early and late stages of processing.

  • 26.
    Landström, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Falk, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Projektimplementering i kommunala verksamheter: stödjande och hindrande faktorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find out what measures could be taken in an implementation process and emphasise what supports and hinders the results of projects being implemented in ordinary operations. We chose to formulate three questions; what measures can be taken in an implementation process? What factors supports implementation? What factors hinders implementation? The study was conducted at a municipal occupational rehabilitative operation that carried out a three-year ESF project. The study was conducted by using a combination approach consisting of semi structured interviews, a participatory observation and documents from the operation and the project. The results from this study have shown that the measures that can be taken in the implementation process include for instance making the project owners, decision makers and collaborative partners involved in the project from the start and then having a working collaboration throughout the project period. The results have also shown that the factors which may seem supportive in an implementation are the need for what is intended to be implemented and also that there is an effective collaboration among all concerned parties. Finally the study results showed that the factors that may hinder the implementation are the lack of financial resources and time set aside to work on the implementation. 

  • 27.
    Larsson, Elisabeth
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Den skenbara normbrytaren: - En studie av genuskonstruktion i fyra svenska bilderböcker för barn2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Elisabeth Larsson

    Den skenbara normbrytaren – en studie av fyra svenska bilderböcker

    UV5002 Ht 2011

    I förskolans uppdrag ingår att motverka stereotypa genusnormer, vilket även innefattar att oreflekteratpresentera sådana via litteratur skriven för barn. Genom att uppmärksamma barnlitteratur somskapare och upprätthållare av genusstereotyper och genusnormer kan detta medvetandegöras ochdärmed bemötas.Är bilderböcker för barn bärare av genusnormer eller är de objektiva och fria från dylika värderingar?Med den frågeställningen som utgångspunkt tar föreliggande uppsats sig an Pija Lindenbaumsbilderböcker Gittan och gråvargarna, Gittan och älgbrorsorna, Lill-Zlatan och morbror raringsamt Kenta och barbisarna för att undersöka huruvida dessa motverkar eller cementerar rådandesyn på kön och genus.Studien tar avstamp i ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv, då man inom denna riktningfokuserar på de normer och ramar som styr formandet av sociala genusstrukturer, vilket är engrundläggande del i föreliggande studie.Studien bygger på Maria Nikolajevas förslag till analysverktyg, vilka fokuserar på hur genusframställs i bilderböcker riktade till barn.Analysen visar att samtliga studerade verk är bärare av genusvärderingar som inte ligger i linjemed dem som förskolan förväntas förmedla, trots att verken till ytan sett marknadsför sig som genusmedvetna.Studien har relevans för aktiva inom pedagogisk verksamhet för yngre barn då den fokuserar påhur sagda verk inverkar på en yngre publik. Studien kan även med fördel läsas av litteratur- och genusvetaredå dessa ämnen intar en framträdande roll i tidigare nämnda undersökning.

  • 28.
    Luthfa Karim, Sabrina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The Uncertainty-Embedded Innovation Process: A study of how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and of how firms address that to create novelty2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite much discussion in the literature of uncertainties in relation to the innovation process, there is little knowledge of how they emerge in this process. This thesis accordingly aims to understand how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and how firms address that uncertainty to create novelty from the process. Uncertainty is embedded in the innovation process (Jalonen, 2012), which implies that it is not only a factor affecting the innovation process but also an outcome of the process itself. To fulfil the purpose of this study, it is important to understand how the innovation process unfolds over time. It is well established that innovation is a process of recombining resources (Schumpeter, 1934) through the performing and linking of certain activities in sequence (Richardson, 1972; Dubois, 1994; Bankvall, 2011) by various actors (i.e., firms and organizations) in a network context (Håkansson and Olsen, 2012; Lampela, 2012; Love and Roper, 2001; Pittaway et al., 2004; Powell et al., 1996). To fulfil the purpose of this study, the following research question has been asked: How and why do actors undertake and link resource recombination activities in a network context, thereby managing uncertainties in the innovation process?

    The thesis investigates the innovation process in two companies. One of the companies had completed its innovation journey and the other had almost done so. The discussion gives a detailed account of: the activities these companies performed alone and jointly with their partners in a network context; the resources they exchanged with each other and recombined to bring new solutions to the market; the uncertainties created in the process of recombining the resources; and the activities they undertook in response to address these uncertainties. The innovation process in the case companies is analysed in light of a conceptual model developed here based on Dubois’ (1994) “end product related activity structure model”, Håkansson’s (1987) “ARA model/network model”, and Goldratt’s (1997) “critical chain concept”.

    This study identifies the conditions under which uncertainties emerged in the innovation process in the studied companies. One of the significant conditions was resource unavailability, which was caused by actors’ reluctance to share resources, prohibition by government policy, and the resources’ own conflicting conditions and internal resistance (Håkansson and Snehota, 1995; Håkansson and Waluszewski, 2002; Waluszewski, 2004). Resource unavailability caused inertial and repetitive activities and delayed the process of producing an outcome, having such an impact on the activities under the condition of path dependency (Arthur, 1994; David, 2000). Another observed condition was the actors’ lack of knowledge of resource combination (Jalonen, 2011).

    A type of uncertainty that seriously affects the outcome of the innovation process is the activity void, a situation in which no activity is taking place. Activity voids are created from resource unavailability either by an actor’s reluctance to share resources or by the outcome of combining conflicting resource properties.

    The outcome of the innovation process is therefore affected by the key actor’s attempt to reduce the activity void by making compromises at the three levels, interplay among which construct the process, i.e., actors, resources, and activities. To manage uncertainties, managers make many compromises when they perform and link various activities. Although the underlying motivation for making compromises is rational, it is boundedly rational (Simon, 1957) because by making compromises, managers forego expectations of having all the properties or of being able to plan, undertake, and link activities as intended. This study also reveals that sometimes actors prefer not to make compromises despite knowing that this might cost a great deal. Accordingly, the findings suggest that compromises made within a working relationship allow actors to produce novelty without deviating from the desired path by ensuring access to resources and partners’ abilities. On the contrary, compromises not made in the relationship can threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty, as the exchange of partners’ resources and abilities is hindered in a poor relationship. Compromises made in resource configuration and activities threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty by limiting their choices, while compromises not made in resource configuration and activities allow actors to produce the desired novelty without deviation.

  • 29.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Developing a culture of conflict prevention2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Development, security and conflict prevention: security as a millennium goal2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Moberg, Hillevi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Olsson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En resa till företagets medelpunkt: - en studie av kompetens på mellanchefsnivå2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The profit a company makes is dependant of its employees which means that their competence is important for the company to perform well. The middle manager has a central position in the organization and is expected to take on different roles. This probably puts a lot of demands on the middle managers and their competence. We want to contribute with a comprehension of how learning, competence and needs for competence can look at a middle management level. Furthermore we also want to find out what kind of strategy for competence development the middle managers want the company to use so their competence development can be facilitated. We used a qualitative method and got our result from nine different interviews. All the interviews were made at middle management level. Our study has showed that the organizational culture is offering the middle managers great opportunities for informal learning. The company also offers possibilities for formal learning, but a lack of clear strategy when it comes to this seems to be in the way of the competence development for the middle managers. These wishes for strategies could be obliged with, for example mentorship or creating a manual for the managers. The competencies that are demanded by the middle managers’ positions are for example social competence, competence in communication, leadership competence and the ability to build networks. We have found that there is a need for further competence development within these aspects of competencies.

  • 32.
    Nilsén, Åke
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Med insikter, utan utsikter2012In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Nordin, Leif
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Pemberthy-Gallo, Luz Stella
    Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.
    Interacción Universidad-Industria: una experiencia de la Universidad de Halmstad, Suecia = University – Industry Interaction: an Experience at the University of Halmstad, Sweden2013In: Universidad-Empresa-Estado: hacia la cultura de la investigación y la innovación: Segunda Rueda de Negocios de Innovación en Cauca y Nariño = University-Company-State: Towards a Culture of Research and Innovation: Second Conference of Business Innovation in Cauca and Nariño / [ed] Isabel Hernández Arteaga & Luz Stella Pemberthy-Gallo, Bogotá: Editorial Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia , 2013, 45-67 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To take advantage of knowledge and obtain better interaction between students, universities and companies, the University of Halmstad in Sweden has developed a method over the last thirty years that has produced significant results. This method contains a philosophy and a structure that promotes the university’s academic development, while fostering learning among students and directly adding long-term value to the companies of the region. The method is described in this chapter, along with reflections and the results. The conclusions are presented in relation to the program, the interaction and the significance of this process for students and companies.

  • 34.
    Nybakken, Astrid
    Halmstad University.
    "...hela tiden operationer för att göra ens kropp bättre": Vuxna med cerebral pares och deras erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our society it is a strong focus on physical activity. Many people are engaged i some form of physical activity and exercise. From a public health perspective, a certain amount of physical activity is good. Similarly, a sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of lifestyle diseases. A person who has no disabilities should have ample opportunity to be physical active. There are different diagnoses or causes that lead to motor disability. Cerebral Palsy, CP, is the most common cause of motor disability for children. Most of those who have CP are adult. The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences of adults with cerebral palsy have in relation to physical activity. What is the experience of participation in relation to physical activity is described, as well as the motivators are. Four adults with CP, aged 20-42, participated in the study. Qualitative approach in the form of semi-structured interview was used. Those who described a small degree of participation by children experienced an increase in participation with age, when they understand what and why they would do certain exercises. Motivation Factors to be physical active are different, for example, it may be the experienced utility and satisfaction that can be decisive. The findings suggest that a supportive environment and to have the opportunity to try out various non-organized  ctivities can have positive impact on the experienced participation and motivation factors, and thus help people keep a certain level of physical activity. 

  • 35.
    Pedersen, Eja
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Persson Waye, Kerstin
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University.
    Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and well-being in different living environments2007In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 64, no 7, 480-486 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise among people living near the turbines, and to study relations between noise and perception/annoyance, with focus on differences between living environments.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in seven areas in Sweden across dissimilar terrain and different degrees of urbanisation. A postal questionnaire regarding living conditions including response to wind turbine noise was completed by 754 subjects. Outdoor A-weighted sound pressure levels (SPLs) were calculated for each respondent. Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise in relation to SPLs was analysed with regard to dissimilarities between the areas.

    RESULTS: The odds of perceiving wind turbine noise increased with increasing SPL (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.25 to 1.40). The odds of being annoyed by wind turbine noise also increased with increasing SPLs (OR 1.1; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.25). Perception and annoyance were associated with terrain and urbanisation: (1) a rural area increased the risk of perception and annoyance in comparison with a suburban area; and (2) in a rural setting, complex ground (hilly or rocky terrain) increased the risk compared with flat ground. Annoyance was associated with both objective and subjective factors of wind turbine visibility, and was further associated with lowered sleep quality and negative emotions.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to take the unique environment into account when planning a new wind farm so that adverse health effects are avoided. The influence of area-related factors should also be considered in future community noise research.

  • 36.
    Petrovski, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pestana, Joao Pedro
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Book Review: The Importance of Private and Public Intelligence2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the paper is to critically review the book “Introduction to Private and Public Intelligence: The Swedish School of Competitive Intelligence” by Søilen (2005). The aim of the book has been to gather ideas and concepts about the subject of private and public intelligence for students to use in an introductory course.

    Structure: The paper is structured that first an introduction of the book is provided, after which the content of the book is presented by chapters. Thereafter, the discussion and conclusion about the book are presented. The book is structured as a systematic review of private and public intelligence. The book contains definitions, theories, discussions, practical examples, and analytical implications.

    Authorship: The author of the book, Klaus Solberg Søilen, is a professor and researcher at Halmstad University in Sweden. His research is mainly within the fields of management, intelligence studies, competitive intelligence, geoeconomics, digital marketing, etc. He has many years of experience within marketing research and auditing. Moreover, he serves on the board of several companies, as well as, operates as a consultant. He is also the editor of the Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business (JISIB).

    Audience: Students, professionals and anyone else who is interested in private and public intelligence.

    Impact: The book has been reviewed and citied from numerous authors. Most of them, agree with Søilen, and use the book as a foundation of the study of private and public intelligence. However, there are authors who argue against Søilen’s opinions.

  • 37.
    Rånge, Max
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Wilson, Matthew C.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM). Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Introducing the MaxRange Dataset: Monthly Data on Political Institutions and Regimes Since 1789 and Yearly Since 16002015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The MaxRange dataset provides information on political institutions for all countries of the world going back to 1789 on a monthly and yearly basis, and to 1600 on a yearly one.  The yearly dataset spanning 1600 to 2014 has over 90,000 country-year observations, and in its monthly format from 1789 has over 660,000 observations.  The time-series data are at least 200 years longer than any other comparable time-series dataset on political institutions.  Created by Max Rånge, the datasets aggregate specific attributes to create nominal and ordinal rankings of political regimes on a 1-100 scale (the MaxRange1 dataset) and on a 1-1,000 scale (the MaxRange2 dataset).  At the same time, however, the codes for each attribute underlying the categorization of political regimes are also included.  It is more detailed than any other dataset on political institutions, yielding up to 1,000 different unique combinations of institutional features.  In addition to supporting a rigorous classification of democratic and nondemocratic regimes, the dataset allows researchers to exploit institutional variation and to explore alternative ways of aggregating political institutions.  The MaxRange dataset on political institutions is by far the biggest and most comprehensive political regime dataset to date, and it offers several advantages compared to other available data.  In particular, the availability of monthly time-series data provides greater detail and reliability to support more accurate research on political transitions.  

  • 38.
    Sandberg, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bristande tillgänglighet och högre studier: 148 studenter med funktionsnedsättning och deras erfarenheter av universitetsstudier2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, there is an ambition that higher education should be accessible for all people who have the ability to study. Universities should work towards widening participation and from the 1st of January 2015 lack of accessibility can be a form of discrimination (Prop.2001/02:15, s.18 f.; 1kap. 5 § stycke 4 HL; DO, 2015). The question is if the ambition of widening participation and an education free from discrimination correspond with how the students with disabilities experience their study situation? 

    The result of this study shows that the students use different types of supports in their study situation and that the satisfaction with them varies. The support that the students value the most is personal support which is also the support that the students wants more of. 

    One quarter of the respondents, 25 % (37/148), answered that they had experienced some form of discrimination. When it comes to lack of accessibility 45 % (67/148) of the respondents had experienced this, which was connected to lack of support, lack of information, lack of accessibility in the physical environment or in the study situation, lack of understanding and time issues.

  • 39.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management, Karlskrona.
    The shift from Geopolitics to Geoeconomics and the failure of our modern Social Sciences2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geoeconomics is gradually replacing the importance of Geopolitics. The transition is marked by the start of the process we call Globalization , about two decades old now, but still in its infancy, when government and government institutions discovered that they no longer were self-evident key actors and watchmen of world events . The process is an effect of the end of the Cold War and marks a strategic shift from political ideologies to economic realities.For decades fellow economists have praised the value of public and private borrowing, the production of services at the expense of the production of goods and they have underestimated the importance of trade surpluses for the Competitive Advantage of Nations. They have done so because they have failed to see what makes a nation, a region or a city wealthy in the long run. We have developed a social science paradigm at our universities which have undermined our own development. At the same time we have disregarded much of the tradition for critical thinking, as implied in Critical Theory but more fundamentally as understood for centuriesThe study of all living organisms is now studied with the use of Evolutionary Theory; except for the study of Man. We must start to ask ourselves why. Why should the Social Sciences be any different than Zoology in this respect, unless we say that Man stands outside of biology?

  • 40.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Understanding Homo Rationalis: The Language of Power and Systems of Lies2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Baback Alipour, Philippe
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    A Knowledge Model for Global Catastrophic Risk2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Delrapport 1 i projekt Individsamverkansteam (IST) Kungsbacka2014Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nilsén, Åke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Perspectives on health and well-being in social sciences2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, 31468Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Szönyi, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Bergh, Susanne
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Från traditionell omsorg till inflytande och delaktighet – en utmanande process. Utvärdering av 172 projekt med målgruppen personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning som under perioden 1994–2011 fått ekonomiskt stöd av Arvsfonden2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Arvsfonden har Högskolan i Halmstad genomfört en utvärdering av 172 projekt med målgruppen barn, unga eller vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning (utvecklingsstörning). Projekten har under perioden 1994–2011 fått bidrag till verksamhet för ett, två eller tre år. Enligt Arvsfondens kriterier främjas verksamhet av ideell karaktär och ges i första hand till föreningar som driver projekt som syftar till nyskapande och utvecklande verksamhet. Brukarna ska involveras i projektet och medel ska inte lämnas till verksamheter som faller under offentliga huvudmäns ansvar, om inte särskilda skäl finns.

    Gemensamt för projekten har varit att man på olika sätt velat förändra och förbättra livssituationen för målgruppen. Majoriteten av projekten har varit treåriga, medan typ av och inriktning på aktiviteter och genomförande har skiljt sig åt mellan projekten. Projekten har drivits av nationella och lokala funktionshinderorganisationer, studieförbund och stiftelser, och har en stor innehållsmässig spännvidd. Information till och om personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, utveckling av stöd- och utbildningsinsatser, fritidsaktiviteter och teknikstödsutveckling är exempel på projektens huvudsakliga inriktningar.

    Projekten har analyserats via dokumentstudier av samtliga 172 projekt, enkätsvar från 73 av projekten, 7 fallstudier samt intervjuer med Riksföreningen för utvecklingsstörda barn, ungdomar och vuxna (FUB) samt handläggare på Arvsfonden. Syftet med utvärderingen har varit att tillvarata de erfarenheter och kunskaper projekten gjort och att öka kunskaperna om vilka spår projekten lämnar och betingelserna för deras fortlevnad, vilka möjligheter och hinder de stött på och att analysera projektens betydelse och effekter för målgruppen. De viktigaste slutsatserna av utvärderingen kan beskrivas så här:

    • Arvsfondens projektmedel möjliggör utveckling av nya aktiviteter, nya verksamheter och framtagande av nytt informationsmaterial som delvis inte skulle ske utan denna finansiering.

    • En mindre andel av projekten kan bedömas som nyskapande i den bemärkelse att de genomfört något som inte prövats någon annanstans förut.

    • De flesta projekt har någon grad av brukarinflytande, men det är ovanligt att målgruppen har inflytande över hela projektprocessen. I huvudsak deltar målgruppen som mottagare av projektets insatser.

    • Ett fåtal projekt, särskilt bland de yngre projekten, kan anses ha verkliga ambitioner till empowerment. Det som utmärker dessa projekt är att brukare tydligt har involverats i alla projektets alla faser.

    • Majoriteten av projekt vänder sig till personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning oavsett begåvningsnivå. De som har en särskild inriktning fokuserar framför allt på personer med lindrig intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.

    • Några få projekt har ett tydligt genusperspektiv. Det är mycket sällsynt med projekt som riktar sig till personer med utländsk bakgrund.

    • Sett över tid har fler projekt under senare år karaktären av att kompensera för brister i samhällets lagstadgade stödinsatser. Gränsdragningen mellan det offentligas ansvar för verksamheter och utvecklingsarbete och föreningars ansvar är otydlig. Cirka en femtedel av alla projekts verksamheter kan betraktas som något som tydligt faller under samhällets lagstiftade ansvar.

    • I vilken utsträckning projektens verksamheter och aktiviteter lever vidare efter avslutat projekt är svårbedömt med tillgänglig information. Av de totalt 172 projekten kan fortlevnaden tillförlitligt3bedömas för mindre än hälften (73 stycken), dvs. de som besvarat enkäten och/eller ingår i de fördjupande fallbeskrivningarna. De flesta av dessa projekt har enligt projektägarna lämnat någon slags spår/effekter efter sig. Verksamheter och erfarenheter som gjorts i projekten lever vidare i någon form i nära hälften av fallen. Knappt var femte projekt var vid besvarandet inte avslutat och en lika stor andel lämnade icke tillförlitliga svar. Cirka vart sjätte projekt hade inte lämnat några spår.

    • Det finns en oklar gränsdragning mellan utveckling och forskning, vilket medför att en del forskningsverksamhet finansieras av Arvsfonden.

    • En kritisk punkt i projektprocessen är att den kunskap och lärdom som utvecklats i projekten har svårt att nå ut och spridas, eftersom det ofta saknas kanaler och resurser efter projekttidens slut.

    • Erfarenheter och lärdomar som projekten gjort har identifierats, för att i högre utsträckning framöver finansiera projekt som uppfyller kriterierna om nyskapande och brukarmedverkan samt utveckling av verksamhet som inte faller under det offentligas ansvar. Gemensamt för de framgångsrika projekten är att de bygger på god kunskap om det område de sökt pengar inom, de har tydliga och realistiska målsättningar, använder adekvata metoder, har kunniga projektledare och är inriktade på områden som har relevans för personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning. Därutöver bidrar en seriös brukarinvolvering och en öppenhet för och reflekterande över misslyckanden, där man lär sig av erfarenheterna till framgångsrika projekt. När det gäller att nå ut med kunskap som utvunnits ur projekten är en framgångsfaktor att man är en etablerad organisation med upparbetade nätverk och kontaktvägar.

  • 45.
    Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    DYSLEXI, INTERNET OCH STIGMA: en netnografisk studie av nätbaserad kommunikation hos personer med dyslexi2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel (translated from Swedish): Dyslexia, the internet and stigma – a netnographic study of online communication in people with dyslexia

    Author: Helena Taubner

    Supervisor: Åsa Wengelin

    Examinator: Magnus Tideman

    Masters thesis (30 ECTS) in Disability Studies, University of Halmstad, Sweden, spring 2013

    The thesis is written in Swedish.

    Our communication continually changes, and the internet is an important factor in that development. New ways of making writing more efficient, for example the use of abbreviations and special symbols are emerging. We mix written language with photos, films, sound clips and links. Norms for what is considered to be the correct use of language are displaced. When our abilities do not match society’s expectations, stigmatization occurs. This is what happens to a person with dyslexia when the demands placed upon them for their reading and writing abilities become too high. What happens when the communication moves into the online environment? The following three issues are addressed:

    How do individuals with dyslexia communicate online?

    How do individuals with dyslexia relate to their online communication?

    How do individuals with dyslexia control their stigma when communicating online?

    The study is a two-part qualitative case study based upon semi-structured interviews and netnographic shadowing with two informants, Andreas and Linda. The results were analysed with reference to Goffman’s theory of stigma. In spite of the fact that Andreas has greater difficulties with reading and writing than Linda, he experiences less stigma in relation to communication, since he more consciously manages to control his stigma. A crucial factor for both informants is whether or not the online forum is synchronous or asynchronous (it is impossible for them to pass in synchronous forums). Hence, the study suggests that the degree of stigmatization does not necessarily correspond to the degree of difficulties with reading and writing.

  • 46.
    Taubner, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Hallén, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Signs of aphasia: Online identity and stigma management in post-stroke aphasia2017In: Cyberpsychology : Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, ISSN 1802-7962, E-ISSN 1802-7962, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate online strategies for re-negotiating identity, in terms of stigma management, developed by working-age Swedish Internet users with post-stroke aphasia, i.e., acquired language impairment caused by brain injury. Interviews were conducted with nine individuals (aged 26-61, three men and six women) with post-stroke aphasia. In addition, a total of 1,581 screenshots of online posts (e.g., photos, videos, text, emoticons) created by the same participants were collected. Drawing on social semiotics (specifically the three dimensions of online communication mentioned by Kress (2003), i.e., composition, content and context) and Goffman’s theory of stigma (1963, specifically the concepts of stigma management and passing), qualitative thematic analysis was performed. Regarding composition, three themes emerged: Relying on others or technology, Beyond speaking and writing, and Controlling speed and timing. The participants rarely posted content about aphasia, but some of them used the Internet to raise awareness. Different online contexts had different meaning to the participants in terms of identity. Being open about the aphasia in one forum did not imply the same behaviour in another forum (e.g., dating sites). For the participants to pass (Goffman, 1963), should they want to, they needed to control all three dimensions. If the context or the composition revealed the stigma, controlling the content was not enough to pass. The multimodality of the Internet enabled the participants to manage their stigma in a variety of ways and to choose whether to be perceived as persons with aphasia or not. © 2017, Masaryk University. All rights reserved.

  • 47.
    Telemo Nilsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Rexha, Laurinda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    When the physical patient becomes digital: A study of the innovation “digital health care center” on the Swedish market2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Object of study: The innovation “Digital health care center” from a multi-level stakeholder’s perspective.

    Problem: A new technology era has opened up for new kind of innovations. Digital health care centers are a service that recently has been introduced on the Swedish market, which needs further investigation. To be able to better understand, explain and predict future behavior of an innovation the innovation could be theoretical conceptualized and classified. In the specific area of health care, new innovation should preferable be investigated in from a multilevel perspective, including different stakeholders opinions. One if the stakeholders are the customers. If new innovative products and services want to be successful, it required consumers to adopt the product or service, but relatively few studies have focused on the adoption of technology services among customers.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better understanding of the innovation “digital health care center” in Sweden.

    Research question: How can the innovation “digital health care center” be described through a stakeholder perspective?

    Method: The empirical data were collected through qualitative semi-structured interviews and a structured quantitative questionnaire.

    Conclusions: The innovation digital health care center can from a multi-level perspective be described as an innovation that contributes and have an impact on the market and the healthcare industry in many ways. The innovation could be described as a complement to traditional health care. The innovation has influences from different theoretical classes of innovation which means that the innovation cannot be categorized in a specific class. The innovation can be considered successful because it facilitates for the patient.. According to the stakeholder group potential patients, a majority of the respondents thinks that increased availability and time-efficiency would be facilitating factors and reasons for using the service. The innovation is described by the various stakeholders as contributing to a better society. The care becomes more productive, cost effective, more available, and in the broader perspective, the innovation contributes to increased digitalization of the healthcare sector as a whole. There are many new possible fields of application which in the healthcare industry which could develop the innovation further. Strengths and opportunities with the innovation can be considering outweighing weaknesses with the innovation and potential threats of the innovation. 

  • 48.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Education and support for people with intellectual disabilities in Sweden: policy and practice2015In: Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 2329-7018, Vol. 2, no 2, 116-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the normalisation principle has been important behind reforms like deinstitutionalisation and the provision of services within the community for people with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this collection of articles about Swedish disability policy and practice across the life course is to give a research-based examination of the current situation for people with intellectual disabilities. This introductory article gives an overview of the provision of education and support systems for people with intellectual disabilities in Sweden today, and highlights the current trends and challenges faced by these people. The paradox of increasing self-advocacy and at the same time increasing categorisation is discussed, as well as the discrepancies in service provision. Comparisons of similarities in, for example, marketisation between the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme and the Swedish rights-based legislation should be useful for knowledge and development in both countries. © 2015 Australasian Society for Intellectual Disability

  • 49.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    A welfare state in transformation – effects on people with intellectual disability in Sweden2016In: Canjiren Yanjiu, ISSN 2095-0810, no 1, 4-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideologically propelled by the Normalization Principle the Swedish policy and service system for people with intellectual disability has since the 1960th undergone drastic changes like deinstitutionalization and decentralisation of services to the local municipalities. This paper aims to analyze experiences of the Swedish welfare system and later year’s changes and reforms in respect to people with intellectual disability. Based on a description of different types of welfare models, Swedish policy and laws and the transformation of the welfare system, an analysis and discussion follow based on current research knowledge about major trends in practice and everyday life for people with intellectual disability. Special focus is on the greater variation in support and services, increasing self-advocacy, the impact of 20 years with a right-based law and on the increasing marketization of disability services in relation to quality of services and outcomes for people with intellectual disability.

  • 50.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    The current situation for people with intellectual disability in Sweden - a role model or a warning example?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
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