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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet GRI.
    Dobers, PeterMälardalens högskola.Jonasson, MikaelHalmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Guiding and guided tours2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is based on the collaborative work and experience from Swedish researchers in an new and promising field of scientific and management oriented inquiry: guided tours. The book represents a wide range of scientific perspectives such as organizational theory, human geography, architecture, ethnology and technology.

    The chapters are divided into three themes: Guided tours as a phenomenon, Guided tours and guidebooks and finally Guided tours: their production, content and use. And your guides - the authors - will provide various kinds of insights. We will follow the history of guidebooks and their followers, experience the smell of sage and find out how a guided tour at a construction site can be performed. Let's take a walk...

  • 2.
    Bergenfelz, Charlotte
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Silverglimth, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att designa bort det oönskade: Exkluderande design i Göteborg och Västsverige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore different forms of unpleasant design in public and semi-public spaces and what potential consequences such design may have on different social groups. The results are based on focused observations of the physical designs themselves, primarily in Gothenburg, Sweden, in triangulation with text analysis of official documentations of land use and zoning plans.

    The findings indicate that a variety of designs were used throughout the observed public and semi-public spaces, some of which can be seen as unpleasant. Most of the observed seating options were located within privatised businesses, signalling the need to be a consumer to use these semi-public spaces. Semi-public spaces that are inaccessible during the night as well as anti-skate obstacles were other observed designs that targeted a certain group or behaviour. Four social groups were found to be more of a target or sufferer of the designs: the homeless, people with disabilities, the destitute, and skateboarders. In contradiction to previous research a substantial amount of the observed designs can be perceived as inclusive rather than only exclusionary.

  • 3. CHEVALLIER, Julie
    et al.
    TRESALLET, Anaëlle
    Scandinavian design: A thesis about the place of Scandinavian countries on the design market2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Correa da Cunha, Henrique
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Universidade de Blumenau, Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Amal, Mohammed
    Universidade de Blumenau, Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Floriani, Dinorá Eliete
    Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The moderating effects of formal institutional distance on the relationship between cultural distance and performance: The case of foreign subsidiaries in Latin America2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how Cultural and Formal Institutional distances and their interaction affect the performance of subsidiary firms in Latin America. We show that using Kogut and Singh (1988) index or attributing the positive and negative signals for distances in opposite directions fail to capture asymmetry as it treats distance as either symmetric or opposing symmetric. In order to overcome this limitations distance in opposite directions are measured separately and independently in a way that allows verifying its asymmetrical effects. Tests include 1466 subsidiaries and 168 combinations of home and host countries for a period ranging from 2013 to 2015. Findings confirm that formal and cultural distances are asymmetric as the effects depend on the direction. Moreover not all formal institutional distances affect in a negative manner the performance of developed country subsidiaries operating in less developed countries as these firms know how to interpret and respond to different regulatory quality conditions in the host countries. We show that Latin American firms are in advantage dealing with formal institutional distances while they are affected in the same manner by cultural distances when compared to other emerging market firms from outside Latin America. Findings indicate that emerging market firms are affected in a positive manner when operating in less developed countries and in a negative way when institutions in the host country are superior to its home country. Finally, results show that formal institutional distances moderate in a positive manner the relationship between cultural distance and performance. 

  • 5.
    Delerud, Dennis
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Öhlander, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Gentrifiering: En studie av gentrifieringsprocessen på Söder, Halmstad under 1980-talet och 2000-talet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Eriksson, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Genus och olika kunskaper i geografi.: En studie om förhållandet mellan ett antal elevers uppfattningom sina kunskaper i geografi,och deras olika lek- media- och resvanor.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka vilka uppfattningar flickor och pojkar hade om sina kunskaper i geografi. Utifrån att allt som vi som individer möter påverkas våra kunskaper, har jag studerat om det fanns något förhållande mellan geografiska kunskaper, lek-, media- och resvanor och kön. Det empiriska materialet utgår från en enkätundersökning utförd på fyra klasser i årskurs nio. Eleverna fick besvara frågor om sina lek- media- och resvanor och frågor på natur- och kulturgeografi med antagandet att de tillgodogjort sig mål att uppnå i geografi. Analysen av resultatet, med utgångspunkter i beräknandet av chi2-värdet och i genuskontraktet och genussystemet, visade på att en kvalitativ skillnad mellan pojkars och flickors lek- och mediavanor reflekteras i deras geografiska kunskaper. Resultatet visade också att flertalet elever tycktes ha stora brister i geografi.

  • 7.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Fischer, Sebastian
    Sanofi Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and human resource management: effects from HRM practices2016In: Journal of Organizational Effectiveness, ISSN 2051-6614, E-ISSN 2051-6622, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 164-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between HRM practices and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in large established firms. More specifically, the purpose is to add to the understanding of the influence of HRM practices on EO.

    Design/methodology/approach

    An e-mail survey was distributed to a sample of Swedish and German manufacturing firms in high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing industries, and firms in knowledge-intensive services sectors, with more than 250 employees. In total, 810 surveys were distributed, with a response rate of 12.7 per cent. Findings - The results show that an emphasis on entrepreneurial aspects leads to an increased EO only in the case of training and development. A conclusion therefore is that it seems difficult to recruit personnel or to use appraisal and rewards as to create EO on a firm level.

    Practical implications

    The study indicates that firms aiming to increase their EO should make sure to emphasize entrepreneurial aspects during staff training and development activities. Originality/value - This empirical study paves the way towards a better understanding of the link between HRM practices and EO. The results should be of interest for both HR professionals and researchers interested in understanding this important relationship.

  • 8.
    Fockedey, Walter
    Halmstad University.
    Impact of social networks on our social life2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Kasta inte pengarna i sjön – en lärande utvärdering kan bidra till hållbara effekter2017In: Så här ligger landet – tankar om landsbygdsprogram och landsbygdsutveckling, Jönköping: Jordbruksverket , 2017, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pre-Designated Potential: Golden Eggs and Invisible Shadows2017In: European Financial Review, ISSN 1757-5680, no December 15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    A Dry Martini2017In: Wassard Elea Rivista, no 2, p. 3-11Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a semi-philosophical inquiry into the subject of a Dry Martini, which is well known as an alcoholic drink. It is not truly a philosophical inquiry since I am not a philosopher. I am a geographer. The history of the American drink is rather murky. Some say that the town of Martinez in California invented the drink during the mid-1800s Gold Rush. When there was no Champagne to celebrate the good fortune in finding gold, the bartender insisted on something made from the ingredients he had on hand. There is also an assertion that it originated from New York’s Knickerbocker Hotel, named after Martini & Rossi vermouth, which was first created in the mid-1800s.

  • 12.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Attraktivt boende på landsbygden: att använda kompetensgrupper i ett utvecklingsarbete2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemet med att skapa ett attraktivt boende på landsbygden är väl känt och omdebatterat, inte bara i Sverige, utan även utomlands. Högt uppskruvade förväntningar på avkastning från fastighetsägare, låg riskvillighet hos banker och utlåningsinstitut och en många gånger problematisk infrastruktursituation gör det svårt för människor att skapa sitt attraktiva boende på landsbygden.Nära nog alla områden som ingår i Interreg IV LISA KASK-projektet har likartade problem – utflyttning och/eller låg eller ingen inflyttning – men kommer sannolikt att hitta olika lösningar på detta problem.Syftet med denna rapport är att redovisa och behandla metodfrågan kring hur man kan skapa ett attraktivt boende på landsbygden. Metoden i detta arbete utgörs av användandet av kompetensgrupper, som i sin tur mynnade ut i en enkät ställd till besökarna vid bygdegården i Fagered, Halland.Resultatet från denna studie visar hur viktigt det är att involvera invånare och ge dem inflytande över förändringsprocesser i en bygd. Studien visar också på vikten av dialog mellan olika aktörer för att nå förändring.Resultatet från enkäten i studien visar att nästan hälften av de 50 tillfrågade personerna är intresserade av att hyra en lägenhet i Fagered, om sådana byggs. Det är främst äldre som tillfrågats och det är främst de som är intresserade, men eftersom denna grupp kan frigöra hus som kan köpas av yngre inflyttare är det den viktigaste gruppen som visar störst intresse.Ett avgörande resultat från denna studie visar att det är möjligt att via boende hitta sätt att göra landsbygden mer attraktiv.

  • 13.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Research on Innovation in a Societal Perspective (RISP).
    Christiania – Performing multiple and niched tourist spaces of resistance through guided tours2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Christiania is a controversial place for alternative living and an important tourist place. As such, the place performs different types of images and ideologies. The purpose with this study is to use the guided tour as a tool for exploring the relation between the multiple voices performing the place of Christiania as a complex discursive and embodied place and niche branding processes.

  • 14.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    City guiding and the production of time-spacesConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The attempt of this paper is to investigate the practice of guiding tourists through the city. The study shows that guiding is more than just informing of a crowd. Instead, guiding is viewed as a performance of playful, but yet serious animations of known and unknown elements from now and then, here and there, inside and outside, and as creative compositions of time-spaces. When the guide operates in, points at places, and performs places, the group produces places through co-optive making in moments of shared group experience. Guiding, as a practice of representing, making and co-making, also allows for displacements, connections, intersections and hybrids of different time-spaces.

  • 15.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Co-producing and co-performing attractive rural living in popular media2012In: Rural Society, ISSN 1037-1656, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 17-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural migration is important in any process of rural economic development.  The attraction of immigrants to rural places in Sweden are part of trends that involve a specific set of discursive elements that are being co-produced and co-performed by actors represented in magazines and reality series with a rural theme.  The aim of this paper is to analyze how discourses on attractive living in rural places are co-performed and co-produced in one Swedish lifestyle magazine about country living and in one British reality show, Country Living (Lantliv) and Escape to the country (Comeford, 2002-; Edensor, 2006; Gustafsson, 2008; Jonasson & Scherle, 2012; Normann & Ramirez, 1993; Prahalad & Ramaswamy, 2004; Ramirez, 1999; Sventelius, 2009-2011; Wikström, 1996; Woods, 2010).  These co-produced performances use existing social and geographical structures, such as gender, entrepreneurship and nature-culture categories, and at the same time actors are trying to balance them in such ways that they co-perform an attractive living in the countryside. Copyright © eContent Management Pty Ltd.

  • 16.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Forskaren som sam-producerande samhälls-entreprenörManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien handlar om att beskriva möjligheterna forskare och andra deltagare i kollektiva sammanslutningar har att bidra till samhällsutvecklingen som entreprenör, genom att relatera till en studie om kollaborativa och intervenerande approacher vid vindkraftsetableringar i Laholms kommun. Jag vill ta upp på vilka sätt forskare och andra kan bidra till utveckling genom deltagande och till och med ledande de processer som verkar för utveckling i samband med naturresursprojekt i landsbygd.

    Studien kommer dels att omfatta tankar kring hur samhällets komplexitet kräver nya sätt att förstå fenomen. Jag driver därför en tes om att vi behöver begreppsliga hybrider för att förstå problematiken kring samhällsentreprenörskap. Dels vill jag försöka formulera hur forskaren kan bidra till samhällsutveckling i samma andetag som man genomför forskning. Forskning är ingen utanförstående aktivitet som kan förhålla sig neutral till det fält man undersöker. Forskaren är, tvärt om, en katalysator för händelser och idéer genom sin närvaro. En del i arbetet ägnas därför åt den vetenskapsteoretiska utgångspunkten för interaktiv forskning. Dels vill jag driva tesen om att samhällsentreprenörskapet inte alltid behöver vara ett ”one-man-project”. Erfarenheterna från forskning kring lokala utvecklingsfrågor talar snarare för att man samarbeta med olika aktörer på ett systematiskt vis. Poängen som artikeln vill driva är att man bör bilda kompetensgrupper för samhällsentreprenörskap (KfS) där syftet, förutom att bidra till entreprenörskap, är att generera nya kollektiva färdigheter och kompetenser.

    I slutet av artikeln presenterar jag de olika sätten som forskare och andra kan ingå som samhällsentreprenörer mot bakgrund av en egen studie som ägde rum under sommaren och hösten 2007-2008, med titeln ”Vindkraft och landsbygdsutveckling ur ett kollaborativt perspektiv”.

    Syftet med mitt bidrag är en förståelse av hur kollektivt entreprenöriella ordnande krafter kan användas för att åstadkomma en utveckling genom konstruktionen av process- och projektgrupper med forskaren som en av flera aktiva deltagare. Målsättningen med samhällsentreprenörskap handlar i denna mening om att skapa systematik kring hur dialoger och processer kan ledas för att åstadkomma ett brukarinflytande med utgångspunkt i ett synsätt där multipla ordningar och performativa praktiker som omfattar mer än bara en typ av rationalitet. I en sådan systematik är det väsentligt att beakta de vetenskapsteoretiska dilemman som de interaktiva forskningsansatserna väcker en diskussion kring.

  • 17.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Framing learning conditions in geography excursions2011In: International Education Studies, ISSN 1913-9020, E-ISSN 1913-9039, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 21-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate and frame some learning conditions involved in the practice of geographical excursions.

    The empirical material from this study comes from several excursions made by students in human geography and an ethnometodological approach through participant observation is used. The study is informed by theories from human geography as basis for reflection and discussion.

    The results from this study show firstly that conditions for learning in excursions are conditioned by the particular method of learning.

  • 18.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Förstudie: Utvecklingsdialog kring en gemensam HR-funktion bland företag i Halland2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport bygger på förberedande diskussioner och genomförandet av en workshop i avsikt att undersöka företags syn på och behov av en delad HR-funktion. Projektet har genomförts inom ramen för strukturfondsprojektet Hälsoteknikcentrum vid Högskolan i Halmstad, och företaget som har samverkat med högskolan inom detta projekt är Arbetslivsresurs i Halland.

    Resultatet är uppdelat i två separata delar. Den första delen handlar om vad som uppnåddes i själva workshopen, och den andra delen i resultatet handlar om resultatet från hela förstudien.

    När det gäller resultatet från själva workshopen så visade diskussionerna kring de olika case som presenterades att det finns en tydlig motsättning mellan två olika roller. Å ena sidan har en företagare höga ambitioner och en yrkesmässig roll, och, å andra sidan finns den faktiska situation som råder i företagandet i alla de vardagsmässig aktiviteter som det innebär.

    Spänningen mellan dessa olika roller framkommer när företagare presenteras inför de dilemman som de olika casen innehåller. Företagarna uttrycker en hög ambition som tar sig uttryck i att lösningarna på problemen ofta innebär att det är de själva som behöver axla mer ansvar, t ex genom att man måste bli bättre på att kommunicera eller coacha sina anställda när organisationen visar tecken på oro. De olika typer av oro som nämndes var konflikter, organisatoriska dilemman, överbelastning, sjukdomar eller turbulens i gruppdynamiken. Samtidigt berättar företagarna att det är svårt att ta itu med just dessa problem eftersom vardagen präglas av ett högt tempo. Verksamheten präglas ofta av stress, att det saknas organisationsfunktioner som tar hand om personalproblem eller att det saknas kunskap om hur man förebygger eller löser personalrelaterade problem när de uppstår. 

    Resultatet från workshopen visade att företagarna ansåg att tjänsten i form av en delad HR-funktion var angelägen och viktig. Resultatet visar också hur svårt det är för en företagare att överblicka en verksamhet som präglas av småskalighet, samtidigt som företagarens yrkesroll omfattar höga ambitioner och möjligen en inlärd disposition som tar sig uttryck i att själv ta på sig allt fler ansvarsuppgifter.

    Kombinationen av dessa två variabler och motsättningen dem emellan utgör grogrunden för de problem som en delad HR-funktion inriktar sig på att lösa. Det är därför möjligt att en utlokalisering av HR-tjänster kan öka trivsel, effektivitet och därmed ökad lönsamhet för mindre företag.

    Studien visar även att det finns möjligheter att bygga in tekniska lösningar i tjänsten, t ex en webbportal. En teknisk lösning skulle kunna innebära att vissa specifika krav på tjänsten tillgodoses, t ex behovet av att vara anonym i en inledande kontakt samt kravet på tillgänglighet när problemen uppstår. 

    Det andra resultatet i denna studie kan slutligen sammanfattas att deltagarna såg behovet av en delad HR-funktion, och att man omedelbart efterfrågade funktionen utifrån frågor om kostnader och var kunde hitta mer information.

  • 19.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Guiding and the production of time-spaces2009In: Guiding and guided tours / [ed] Petra Adolfsson, Peter Dobers and Mikael Jonasson, Göteborg: BAS Publishers , 2009, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Horizontally organised and innovative spaces of dialogue for dealing with “wicked problems” related to housing in rural areas2016In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 458-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss co-productive and collaborative processes in rural housing construction in Sweden. The ‘wicked problem’ addressed here is why it is so difficult to build new homes in Swedish rural areas. Our analysis shows that horizontally organised competences may be used in order to form innovative and creative spaces for dialogues around the realisation of house building. These spaces for dialogues are transformed into collaborative and coproductive social events for reconfiguring thoughts and actions in relation to ‘wicked problems’. Using Fagered, Sweden, as a case study, our results show that timing, as well as understanding the motivation of local groups and acknowledging the slowness of planning processes, are crucial for making change. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

  • 21.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Innovation and learning in thin structures: producing intensive links in Halland2012In: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 364-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aim is to see how "intensities" could be used in order to understand general advancement of regional development, and as a specific conceptual tool for the development of experience-based organizational and product thinking in thin structures. The study is conducted in a creative workshop between traditional- and creative industries and it involves material from participation in one of these workshops, and from an interview and survey study with entrepreneurs in the region. The result shows that mobile workshops could be an important tool for producing growth in thin geographical structures.

  • 22.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Innovativa designprinciper för social samverkan vid vägutformning2003Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the results from a pre-study of innovative principles for social collaboration when designing roads. Expected results were to know more about road use from a social perspective, in order to develop road design that supports desired behavior with reference to traffic safety- and accessibility aspects of the proposition of transport politics. Continued research will aim at further understanding of social elements and their integration into road design.

  • 23.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Innovativa designprinciper för social samverkan vid vägutformning: Förstudie2002Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar förstudie samt fortsatta studier om innovativadesignprinciper för social samverkan vid vägutformning. Förstudiensförväntade resultat har varit att få kännedom om väganvändning samt ansatser för att genom vägutformningen stödja önskvärt beteende med utgångspunkt från trafiksäkerhets- och tillgänglighetsaspekterna i den transportpolitiska propositionen. Syftet med förstudien har varit att få veta mer om hur väganvändning går till samt att konstruktivt reflektera över hur trafikplanering och vägutformningen kan underlätta väganvändningen och förstärka det sociala samspelet.

  • 24.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Intensiva länkar i glesa strukturer2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten belyser vilka sätt Deleuzes begrepp ”intensities”, intensiteter, skulle kunna användas för att förstå såväl generell stimulans av regional utveckling, och som ett specifikt begreppsligt verktyg för utveckling av upplevelsebaserat organisations- och produkttänk i glesa strukturer.3 Intensiteter innebär här ett tillstånd av ontologisk instabilitet vilket uppstår som en följd av att en förändringsprocess startar. Ett intensivt tillstånd utgör alltså ett litet men viktigt element i en innovations- eller förändringsprocess där ett perspektiv på tingen övergår i ett annat perspektiv. Syftet är att först diskutera hur intensiteter ingår i mötesplatser för traditionell industri och upplevelseindustri, t ex av den typen som skapas inom MAKExperience workshops, i avsikt att föra in upplevelser i utvecklingen av produkter och tjänster.I geografiskt täta strukturer skapas ofta intensiteter naturligt, eftersom avståndsfriktionen inte utgör ett hinder.4 I glesa strukturer måste man dock göra särskilda insatser i syfte att förstärka nätverk-ande och kreativ organisation.5 Kapitlet försöker således diskutera möjligheten att använda begreppet intensiteter och mobila platt-formar för utveckling av företag och näringsliv. Argumentet är att förutsättningarna för utveckling i glesa strukturer är beroende av att det skapas olika former av intensiteter, i form av kreativa mötes-platser där företag ges möjlighet att ta del av olika kompetenser för att utveckla produkter eller verksamheter.

  • 25.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kartläggning av upplevelseindustrin Halland: aktörer och processer utifrån ett utvecklingsperspektivManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har till syfte att kartlägga upplevelseindustrin i Halland med avseende på aktörer och processer från ett utvecklingsperspektiv. Med utvecklingsperspektiv menas här en diskursiv förtätning av ideologier som alla sammanstrålar i en neo-liberal tillväxtargumentation. Tillväxtdiskursen innehåller effekter av globaliseringen, främst då idéer om en ständigt ökande global konkurrens mellan regioner och platser som måste mötas av en ständig utveckling av konkurrenskraftiga lösningar som syftar till en ökad tillväxt (Amin & Thrift, 1995). Studien kommer till följande slutsatser och rekommendationer:

    • Det krävs mer samverkan i regionen för att åstadkomma utvecklingskaraktäristika som liknar dem som åstadkoms i kluster
    • För att kunna intervenera i en rumslig dialektisk process av värdeskapande krävs det många och intensiva utvecklande möten och samverkan mellan företag, akademi och offentlig sektor i större utsträckning än idag. Det är inte tillräckligt att överlåta dessa utvecklingsprocesser åt företagen själva att hantera. Det krävs samverkan och en fokuserad allokering av resurser för att åstadkomma en kvalitativ och långvarig förändring av värderingar och attityder.
    • Det krävs ett stort strukturellt arbete med nära samverkan mellan högskola och näringsliv som bygger på engagemang och deltagande på personlig nivå. Det kommer inte att fungera med några ”quick-fixes” med konsulter som säljer in standardlösningar för att åstadkomma snabba förändringar eftersom det rör ett sociospatialt system av värden förankrade i en rumslig organisation. Det måste till ett grundläggande och systematiskt arbete med många olika typer av aktörer inblandande om det ska kunna ge bestående resultat. Om man menar allvar med företagsutveckling så bör varje företag besökas och analyseras utifrån behoven av stöd och kanske t o m övertygas om behovet av kunskaper om att vara ständigt i rörelse för att möta nya villkor och förutsättningar, vilka inte alltid ligger inom den omedelbara företagarens upplevelsehorisont. Det är dock viktigt att det strukturell samarbetet inte handlar om att ekonomisk överstimulering av projekt som inte leder till väsentliga effekter i form av utveckling eller genomslag.
    • Det krävs ett strukturellt arbete som syftar till långsiktiga, men som ändå kan skapa intensiva och effektiva dialektisk rörelse mellan individer och strukturer i en region. För att kunna åstadkomma förändring är det yttermera ett arbete som kräver ett brett och djupt personligt deltagande.
    • Man bör överge ”nav-metaforen”. Det finns idag en kamp bland olika aktörer i Halland som alla vill vara nav, lokomotiv och ledande inom utvecklingen. Framgångar bygger på samverkan och samproducerande plattformar. Förutsättningarna för att möten mellan de olika industrigrenarna ska komma till stånd på ett sätt att de kan tillföra varandra kompetenser och talanger, och att det ska kunna ske ett kvalitativt flöde av kunskaper mellan industrigrenarna är avhängigt ett möte mellan akademi, näringsliv och kommunala/regionala näringslivsrepresentanter.
    • Möten mellan olika typer av aktörer bör innehålla bearbetningar av föreställningar om de grundläggande begreppen för att man ska kunna gå vidare och skapa utveckling. Det är t ex få av företagarna inom traditionell industri som känner till definitionerna av upplevelseindustrin. De flesta ser upplevelseindustrin som liktydigt med turismnäringen. Man tolkar upplevelser på ett sätt som ligger nära sin egen verksamhet, någon som arbetar inom handel menar t ex att upplevelser har med kundernas handfasta kontakt med varorna som man säljer i sin affär, eller att någon kommer och visar hur varorna fungerar.
    • Mer fokus bör läggas på samproduktion, samkreation och co-production, med utgångspunkt från principen om att kompetenser som bidrar till kreativitet många gånger är vertikalt organiserad. Men om några delbranscher ska pekas ut som viktiga för möten mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustrin så erbjuder dels filmbranschen viktiga redskap för distribution av bilder av platser som kan användas för att sprida kunskaper om länet. Där ingår, förutom många unga filmare, även Film i Halland, Högskolan i Halmstad. Dels utgör Halland ett konst- och musikkluster som bör kunna ingå i utvecklande projekt, både för dem som utövar det, och för traditionell industri. Dels utvecklas idrotten på många sätt, både när det gäller utövandet och kunskapsbyggandet kring utövandet, vilket gör det till en intressant kraft i utvecklande möten mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustrin.

    Det bör slutligen utvecklas handlingsplaner för att kunna hantera perioder av ekonomisk nedgång, inte bara ekonomisk framgång.

     

  • 26.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Krishantering: Yrkesspråk och en allt mer komplex verklighet2009In: Offentlig Sektor och Komplexitet: Om hanteringen av mål, strategier och professioner / [ed] Petra Adolfsson & Rolf Solli, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 299-320Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Performance as slightly constrained creativity: Structure, culture practice and the creation of places in traffic2004In: Abstracts, Washington: The Association of American Geographers , 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Sustainable resilience: A conceptual understanding of change and resistance in organizations2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss sustainability and resilience in relation to a case where a municipal organization is undergoing a project for change. The study is based on one and a half years of participation in a development program in a small town of southeast Sweden, funded by the ESF. Participation is based on a role as an interactive researcher, through an on-going evaluation in the project and will lead to an evaluation based on the implementation of the project's intentions. The material from this research has given rise to thoughts about using the concepts of place and sustainable resilience in order to understand the organization's attempt to become more attractive as an employer.

  • 29.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Technology as Place Dependent Practice - Traffic Lights2001In: ESA, 2001 Helsinki. New Technologies and New Visions of Society, 2001, p. 17 s.-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss humans and technology, with focus on traffic lights, as place dependent. Relations between humans are complex and infrastructure, such as the traffic lights are seen as  quasi-objects that stabilize social relations.

  • 30.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    The AKKA-board: Performing mobility, disability and innovation2014In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 477-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study involves a mobility device with relevance for health and well-being for severely disabled persons. The purpose of this study is to examine some of the geographical, innovative and existential implications of the performance of place through mobility that the AKKA-board produces for severely disabled people. What does mobility and place mean in terms of supporting human skills that are being performed with the help of the AKKA-board? It is concluded that mobility in terms of a self-controlled movement is connected to enabling individual decision-making, independence and well-being. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

  • 31.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    The Performance of Improvisation: Traffic Practice and the Production of Space2004In: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, ISSN 1492-9732, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 41-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss an ethnographic study of traffic in terms of theproduction of space. Traffic participation, negotiation and collaboration are viewed from aperformative perspective in this study. That is, traffic involves multiple ways of creatingdifferences between continuity and interruptions, making order in mundane spaces througha continuous and simultaneous struggle involving non-verbal, non-human, human, textualand other discursive means. Performance not only involves a process of the relationalconstruction of identity; the term is widened to include all sorts of practices that areinvolved in the human project of creating places and producing spaces in conditions thatcan be defined as negotiations. Identity is one important aspect in this relationalinteraction. Empirical findings also suggest, however, that it might also be important tolook further into a process called presentational presence. The performance of apresentational presence is here seen as one aspect of practice through which negotiationsamong traffic participants are constructed in relational ways. Performance in traffic canthus not be reduced to a mimetic practice of temporarily involved actors. Producing spacesand creating places is viewed as an existential project involving the negotiation of order. Iargue that there are specific elements in the act of performance by way of presentation thathold a seed to perpetual change at the same time as they reproduce multiple andsimultaneous order. This argument will be supported by examples from studies of nonverbal communication in traffic. Order is here represented by knowledge of scriptlikemaps of pre-given and preconceived, normative and non-normative, clues on how toact in specific situations. Therefore the production of new acts, and thus a different order intraffic is dependent on the knowledge structures in which they take place. It is argued thatmultiple knowledge structures are used as the starting point for improvisation andnegotiations. Practice in general could be said to be a continuously ongoing struggle forchange in preconceived order. This continuous and simultaneous struggle can be defined asan on-going-ness. Thus, it is not any stable and given order that makes traffic work.Instead, traffic emerges out of certain practices that aim at reproducing, and at the sametime changing an order, ultimately producing more or less safe and effective spaces. Rulesrepresent such knowledge structure that aims at order and which traffic participants use asassociation for practice and meaning. Knowledge structures, order, improvisation andnegotiation are thus intertwined and inseparable. Without order there would be noimprovisation, and without improvisation, order would be difficult to define at all.

  • 32.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Translating guided tours into mobile technologies2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to interrogate mobile technologies that carry guided tours applications in comparison with a live guided tour, in order to learn what different experiences they produce. By assembling different theoretical tools for understanding the vocabulary of guided tours, mainly thoughts that are directed towards an understanding of the non-cognitive geographies, the study uses thicker descriptions from guided tours in Göteborg, Budapest and in Köpenhamn. These thicker descriptions are then used as means for illustrating and analyzing further the vocabulary of guided tours. For the comparison different examples from the Internet have been used. The conclusion is that some dimensions of live guided tours can be translated into mobile technologies, and some dimensions are difficult to include.

  • 33.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Vindkraft och landsbygdsutveckling ur ett kollaborativt perspektiv2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The development within wind power energy has gone from a small scale production to a large industry. I this phase of development it does not seem motivated to repeat all arguments for reducing carbon monoxide sources. Rather, the focus in this study is directed towards processes of implementation of visions to planning in practice, where environmental goals are to be fulfilled and lead to a sustainable development for a local community.

    The aim of this study is to follow the processes involved in the wind power projects in Laholm municipality, by investigating the wind power discourses in the view of landscape theories concerned with the relation between man, nature and society, and to put concepts and arguments into action by dropping them to actors and networks, through action research.

    The study will answer the following questions:

    1. What actors are in foreground and in background when issues regarding wind power plants are discussed?

    2. In what ways can we understand the relations between man, nature and society in this case?

    3. What does the arguments concerning wind power consist of and how can they be explained towards the use of resources?

    4. What social and economical consequences may the wind power projects have for the community?

    5. What are of concerns for the researcher who is intervening through action research?

    6. How did the collaborative and deliberative processes succeed in the planning implementation process?

    The study shows that when resources are at stake in a local community, it will activate and accentuate the boundaries between different groups. Arguments describe these boundaries related to land owners and others, between those who primarily see the landscape as a landscape for production and those who see it as a landscape for recreation. The activated boundaries make it difficult for some actors to openly state their position in the wind power issue. Processes of change take time, and it is also concluded that early local involvement and slow processes may facilitate acceptance of these landscape changes. The study shows the importance of considering the relations between humans and their landscapes and that the key to managing change goes through this understanding. Management of implementation processes are ideally strategically planned for as involving the complex relations between man and nature, rather than presupposing NIMBY explanations. Processes of change takes time and therefore the aim of leading processes should work cautiously with establishing local participation and encouragement.

    It is likely that the wind power projects will produce possibilities for local companies if the plants are put into place, and if they produce the estimated power planned for. However, these changes are also dependent on the local community, the municipality, the region and the state, through willingness to support with knowledge, information, strategic plans, economic support for entrepreneurs, and general capacity building processes. It is also likely that some people will chose other places to live in, but that new people will chose to move to the community. It is therefore important to map and make use of these new builders in the process of capacity building for a sustainable community.

    Researchers have an important role to play as intervener in the processes between local communities, authorities and companies. The researcher can help as collector analyzing opinions and values regarding natural resource projects. The researcher can also analyze and present experiences from other similar projects to local community as well as to authorities and companies involved in the process. The researcher can also contribute as leader of processes by staging learning processes in groups, handling conflicts and managing creative development processes.

    The most evident problem in this study was the difficulties in reaching out to the local actors. Efforts were instead made to visit them in other forums where they met of other reasons. An action research strategy was therefore to be where things is happening and to make room for issues of development in these contexts, for instance on Internet, in school, on local meetings, and in interviews.

    Although the interest for wind power in Laholm seems to have reached a stage where the loudest land owner voices claim to want more of the benefits from wind power energy, it is important to produce plans for action, knowledge and to lead the processes of local development in Sweden.

  • 34.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Virtual- and live guided tours: Exchanging experiences2010In: Journal of hospitality and tourism, ISSN 0972-7787, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 78-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate mobile technologies used for guiding tourists. I will compare guiding applications with what is going in a live guided tour in order to understand what different experiences they produce and try to indicate what is needed in both types of guided tours if developed further.

     

    Guided tours are important tools in the tourism and hospitality industry and we know that guided tours are appreciated by visitors and residents of places. By applying the empirical and theoretical knowledge from a live guided tour in this work and frame this knowledge in technological applications it might be better understood how learning, experiencing and influencing visitors through the guided tours of different modes.

     

    The results from this study show that there are several aspects in live guided tours that can prospect from integrating elements from virtual guided tours. Also the opposite seems likely, that virtual guided tours can benefit from learning to integrate some of the elements from live guided tours.

  • 35.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Wind power, capacity building and rural development - what if no one turns up?2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to follow the processes involved in the wind power projects in Laholm municipality, by investigating wind power discourses in the view of landscape theories concerned with the relation between man, nature and society, and to put concepts and arguments into action by introducing them to actors and networks, through action research.

    The study tried to answer the following questions:

    1. In what ways can we understand the relations between man, nature and society in this case?
    2. What does the arguments concerning wind power consist of and how can they be explained related to the use of resources?
    3. What social and economical consequences may the wind power projects have for the community?
    4. What are of concerns for the researcher who is intervening through action research?
    5. How did the collaborative and deliberative processes succeed in the planning implementation process?

    The study shows that when resources are at stake in a local community, it will activate and accentuate the boundaries between different groups.

  • 36.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Hallin, Anette
    Stockholm University School of Business, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Smith, Phil
    Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
    Editorial2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 85-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Central place theory: a general framework for researching place marketing?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Place marketing approaches are increasingly employed by authorities competing to attract capital. While a rapidly growing number of case studies have provided valuable insights to the field, relatively little scholarly attention has been paid to the advancement of theoretical understanding. In this article we depart from central place theory and discuss its potential for providing a structure for place marketing research. We argue that place marketing is essentially used as a means to improve competitiveness in a hierarchical spatial system and we produce a range of hypotheses for future research to build upon.

  • 38.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Normann, RogerUiA/Agderforskning, Norge.Cruickshank, JørnUniversitet i Agder/Agderforskning, Norge.Lysgaard, Hans KjetilUniversitet i Agder/Agderforskning, Norge.Vasstrøm, MikaelaUiA/Agderforskning, Norge.Fischer, PerVIA University College.
    Forskning i Praksis: Teoretiske Perspektiv på Landsbygdsutvikling i Interreg prosjektet LISA2012Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [no]

    Interreg prosjektet Landsbygdsutvikling i Skandinavia (LISA) avsluttes i 2012 etter tre års utviklings og forskningsarbeid på Landsbygden i Skandinavia. Prosjektet har skapt et samarbeid på tvers av landegrenser og institusjoner. 18 partnere fra kommuner, regionale aktører og forskningsinstitusjoner har vært involvert i prosjektet i tillegg til de mange lokale aktører på bygden. I februar 2012 inviterte forskningspartnerne til et dialogseminar i København for å presentere de forskningsperspektiver det er arbeidet med i LISA og samtidig skape en dialog om forskning og praksis i LISA. Formålet med denne rapporten er å oppsummere de presenterte forskningsperspektivene og videre formidle diskusjonene i skjæringspunktet mellom forskning og praksis som utviklet seg under dialogseminaret. Rapporten innleder med å gi en kort presentasjon av LISA og forskningspartnerne, og en kort introduksjon av de fire forskningsperspektivene i LISA. Heretter er rapporten oppbygget i samsvar med dagsordenen på Dialogseminaret. Hvert forskningsperspektiv presenteres og de etterfølgende diskusjoner oppsummeres. Avslutningsvis oppsummeres noen av de generelle trekk som kan utledes av diskusjonene i skjæringspunktet mellom teori og praksis.

  • 39.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Scherle, Nicolai
    Lehrstuhl für Kulturgeographie, Katholischen Universtität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt.
    Performing Co-produced Guided Tours2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 55-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tour guides have traditionally played a key role in linking tour operators, incoming agencies and tourists. However, very little attention has been given to the competences that involve performative aspects of guiding. Such performative competences involve the complex maneuvring in native and foreign cultures, intercultural mediating, functioning as pathfinders and mentors, and negotiating in unfamiliar destinations to their guests in a culturally sensitive manner, and coordinating group movements in space. The article examines the complexity involved in guided tours, and consequently the need for a deeper understanding of the performative aspects of guided tours. The article concludes that the performative aspects of guiding tourists involve interpretations, mediations and translations through verbal and bodily communication. It also involves the ability to engage by producing intense moments through narratives and creative affordances. One final conclusion from this work is that it is a challenge to actually use the variety of scientific perspectives offered within tourism education programs in order to produce hybrid study outcomes, but, it could also be seen as the pragmatic approach that tour guides adopt in practice.

  • 40.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Smith, Phil
    Plymouth University, School of Humanities and Performing Arts, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
    Editorial2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 331-332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Editorial

    Guides and tour operators as professionals play a key role in the growing global tourism industry, supporting, engaging and diverting visitors who travel to places they want to learn more about and be entertained by. Behind the scene there are challenges and tensions related to the particular professional roles, the vibrant matters and staff that stand-in for the guide, physical efforts, and the competitive and vulnerable position guides have on a highly competitive job market. ‘Key role’ is also ‘contested space’. This special issue focuses on the guides and tour operators and the challenges they face in their working role.

    Through the International Research Forum on Guided Tours (IRFGT) a systematic work has been going on for a while by further widening the questions and assembling scholars interested in guided tours as a scientific field of inquiry (Adolfsson, et al 2009; Jonasson, 2011; Zillinger, et al 2012). The latest conference, from which these contributions emerged was hosted by Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies (ESHTE), Portugal. IRFGT still continues to produce networks and publications that have opened up questions regarding guided tours. Rather than remaining a mystifying and closed skill-set in the hands of professional or semi-professional associations and licensed individuals, the IRFGT seeks to open the multiple practices of guiding to imaginative, careful and serious scrutiny from a variety of theoretical perspectives, initiated and deployed by an emerging interdisciplinary community.

    Every new place that the conference IRFGT has moved to has brought new perspectives into play. From the last conference in Estoril in 2015, it is clear that guided tours are increasingly seen by some researchers as productions of extraordinary experiences, emotions, and enjoyment of places. From this last conference it also became clear that practitioners had found their way into the conference. The dynamics between practice and research is perhaps one of the field’s most interesting and volatile characteristics, which in many ways could be exploited and explored more in order to create new ways of doing and understanding guided tours.

    The conference keynote speakers represented different areas of theory and practice. Professor Noel Salazar opened the conference with an anthropological take on guided tours in relation to tourism imaginaries and otherness in a global context. Ester Pereira, with her considerable experience from touristic expeditions, represented a sustainable view on guided tours and tourism from a tour operator and tourist perspective. Embodying both the theoretical and a practitioner’s perspective, Carles Picazo gave valuable insights from a long career of planning and education of tourist guides.

    Taking the study of guided tours on a route towards the practitioner and the professional roles of the guide contributes to yet another important piece of the puzzle. This special issue converges at a parallel line by considering students’ future careers as tourist guides in Jordan with a contribution by Areej Aloudat (2017, this issue). He concludes that the occupation of guides is unevenly perceived by these students, and reveals the perceived advantages of working for a tour operator, rather than being a freelancer in the business. Gurel Cetin and Sukru Yarcan (2017, this issue) continue the exploration of the professional relation between tour operators and tour guides in organized package tours. As it turns out, there are many identified gaps and differences in perceptions concerning these two professional perspectives, which could be further explored when their various parts are opened up for further scrutiny and discussion. Ester Pereira and Reidar Mykletun (2017) also explores the professional perspective by investigating how sustainability is integrated into tour guide training programmes in Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway and Spain. They conclude that there is a need to integrate sustainability principles into these programmes. Finally, Jane Widtfeldt Meged (2017, this issue) also focuses on the professional craft of guiding, but by pointing sharply towards the stressful working conditions for guides. It is known that organizational structures shape the conditions under which self-employed, well-educated, and yet casual laborers in a liberal and competitive job market work, but Widtfeldt Meged freshly interrogates the subject by questioning tour guides about their actual views on these conditions.

    As can be concluded from the very brief summary of the papers included in this volume, the papers are concerned with the professional role of guiding as well as the relation between those who practice guiding or enrol guides, and those who do research or make a critical enquiry within guided tours. To the informed observer, it is becoming increasingly clear that research on guided tours is now beginning to accumulate a range of important research that has relevance for the industry and for society. We hope that this volume will provide inspiration as well as provoking new questions and new methods in this research domain. 

    Copyright © 2017 Informa UK Limited

  • 41.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Smith, Phil
    University of Plymouth.
    Scherle, Nicolai
    Katholische Universität Eichstätt- Ingolstadt.
    Performing Culturepreneurship a trilateral research project on ‘alternative guided tours’2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42. Keegan, Joan
    et al.
    O'Connor, Aidan
    Cooney, Thomas M.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Barth, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Vesalainen, Jukka
    Pihkala, Timo
    Deschoolmeester, Dirk
    Debaut, Ann
    Facing the Challenge – Towards a Better Understanding of Barriers to Innovation in Irish, Swedish, Finnish and Belgian SMEs1997In: Change & innovation: the challenge for small firms : proceedings / [ed] Dimitris Kodonas & Miltos Argyropoulos, Athens: Greek Productivity Centre , 1997, p. 812-824Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Kindblad, Christopher
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    El impacto de la pesca commercial en la economía miskita: el caso de Tasbapauni2003In: WANI, ISSN 1813-369X, no 35, p. 54-61Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Kindblad, Christopher
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    The Moravian Ethic and the Spirit of Co-inspiration among the Miskitu, Nicaragua: A Perspective on the Role of Emotions in Cultural Change2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Kindblad, Christopher
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Henriksen, Ken
    Aarhus Universitet.
    El dilema colectivo de los pueblos miskitos de Nicaragua en los años 90: El caso de Tasbapauni2005In: WANI, ISSN 1813-369X, no 42, p. 6-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Lawton Smith, Helen
    et al.
    Department of Management, Birkbeck, University of London, London,UK & Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
    Trippl, Michaela
    Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Waters, Rupert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Policies for New Path Development: The Case of Oxfordshire2018In: New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems: Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons / [ed] Arne Isaksen, Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 295-314Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reflects on how evolutionary economic geography (EEG) can be extended to incorporate public policy in its explanations of path development. A weakness of EEG is the poor conceptualisation of the role of the state (central, regional, local) in regional path development. It is therefore argued that a multi-scalar perspective of policy is required and that a large set of policies deserve attention. Oxfordshire in the UK is used to explore the link between public policy and path development. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018. All rights reserved.

  • 47.
    Lindfors, Ambjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Kommunsammanläggningar i Halland: En jämförelse av attityder och problem inför kommunreformerna 1952 och 1974 i Halland2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige genomförde två stora kommunindelningsreformer under 1900-talet. Den ena varstorkommunreformen som kom 1952, och den andra var den så kalladekommunblocksreformen som kom 1974. Kommunreformen minskade antalet kommuner tillmindre än hälften och syftet var att varje kommun skulle kunna bära sina egna omkostnadergenom att skatteunderlaget skulle vara tillräckligt stort. Kommunerna i Halland var även de iolika grad involverade i kommunreformen och inställningen till denna varierade mellankommunerna. Det är då intressant att undersöka vilka skälen och attityderna tillkommunreformerna har varit, eftersom de bidragit till att ge en bild av samhället och denkommunpolitik som fördes i Halland vid tiden för sammanläggningarna samt att se om dethar skett en förändring över tid mellan förändringarna.Syftet med den här uppsatsen har varit att undersöka vilka attityderna och problemen vari Halland, och om de har varierat från den ena kommunreformen till den andra samt försökage en bakgrund till medborgarnas inställning.

  • 48.
    Liu, Ju
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    Regional institutions and organizations and the interrelatedness with global knowledge exchange. The new media industry in Scandinavia and China.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Miörner, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Trippl, Michaela
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Creating institutional preconditions for knowledge flows in cross-border regions2018In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 201-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, we have witnessed an intensive scholarly discussion about the limitations of traditional inward looking regional innovation strategies. New policy approaches put more emphasis on promoting the external connectedness of regions. However, the institutional preconditions for collaboration across borders have received little attention so far. The aim of this paper is to investigate both conceptually and empirically how policy network organizations can target the institutional underpinnings and challenges of cross-border integration processes and knowledge flows. The empirical part of the paper consists of an analysis of activities performed by four cross-border policy network organizations in the Öresund region (made up of Zealand in Denmark and Scania in Sweden) and how they relate to the creation of institutional preconditions and the removal of institutional barriers. Our findings suggest that cross-border policy network organizations have limited power to change or facilitate the adaptation of formal institutions directly. They mainly rely on mobilizing actors at other territorial levels for improving the formal institutional conditions for knowledge flows. Informal institutions, on the other hand, can be targeted by an array of different tools available to policy network organizations. We conclude that institutional preconditions in cross-border regions are influenced by collective activities of multiple actors on different territorial levels, and that regional actors mainly adapt to the existing institutional framework rather than change it. For innovation policy, this implies that possibilities for institutional change and adaptation need to be considered in regional innovation policy strategies. © 2017, © The Author(s) 2017.

  • 50.
    Mogren, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Planering och zonering av friluftsliv och ekoturism: Kristianstad Vattenrike2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie beskriver jag problemet hur planering och zonering av destinationer för friluftsliv och ekoturism kan göras. Genom att utveckla och analysera teori och resultat abduktivt har analys och slutsats utvecklats med Kristianstad Vattenrike som utvalt studerat område. Kristianstad Vattenrike är ett av Sveriges fem biosfärområden och sträcker sig nästan över hela Kristianstad kommun med en mångfald av olika naturtyper. Som utnämnt biosfärområde ska man bidra till hållbar utveckling och utveckla området utefter ledorden bevara, utveckla och stödja och planera området i kärnområden, buffertzoner och utvecklingsområden.

    För att uppnå studiens syfte att abduktivt visa i teoretisk och analytisk växelverkan hur man kan planera och zonera en destination för friluftsliv och ekoturism så har jag valt att beskriva hur planering av friluftsliv kan göras, om zonering, om planering för ekoturism och rural turismutveckling. Dessa har utvecklats abduktivt med utvald kvalitativ metod för analys av en destination, Kristianstad Vattenrike, och hur det planeras i praktiken för eventuell zonering av friluftsliv och ekoturism enligt tre intervjuer och skriftliga källor om Kristianstad Vattenrike.

    I studiens resultat och analys analyseras tre frågeställningar för syftet: 1) Vilka förutsättningar för friluftsupplevelser och ekoturism erbjuder natur, landskap samt infrastruktur i Kristianstad Vattenrike?, 2) Hur planeras det för friluftsliv och ekoturism i Kristianstad Vattenrike? och 3) Varför ska zonering användas som medel för att planera hållbara destinationer för friluftsliv och ekoturism?

    Här beskrivs vilket brett utbud av naturtyper som erbjuds i ett friluftsliv som hela tiden utvecklas med behov och efterfrågan på området, men också med produktutveckling. Det beskrivs att de använt bl a plan för att utveckla badplatser inom Kristianstad Vattenrike som kan utvecklas generellt för friluftslivet. För ekoturism görs vissa näringslivssatsningar men inget som direkt lyckas inspirera till ett hållbart ansvarstagande för företag, men ett par uthålliga entreprenörer har lyckats med utveckling av säsonger för upplevelse av Vattenriket över året. Zonering som medel för planering av friluftsliv och ekoturism beskrivs och klargörs att det är en eftersatt modell i Sverige för planering av friluftsliv och ekoturism och även så i Kristianstad Vattenrike. Efter granskade resultat och analyser så dras slutsatser med studien att zonering behöver en svensk uttalad definition för att lättare kommuniceras och förstås för implementering som destinationer som Kristianstad Vattenrike skulle dra fördel av vid planering och zonering för friluftsliv och ekoturism.

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