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  • 1.
    Ackerfors Gabatashvili, Nina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tell, Alice
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Etiskt förhållningssätt & styrningsreaktioner: Kvalitativ studie om lärare och lärarstudenters etiska förhållningssätt och styrningsreaktioner till informationsplikten2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the ethical attitudes of teachers and teacher students, based on administrative ethics and personal ethics, regarding the implementation of the duty to inform. Additionally we aim to explore what the respondents consider acceptable behavior towards the duty to inform, based on the governance reactions of loyalty, protest, obstruction, and exit. To achieve this we have designed the study using a qualitative method, where semi-structured interviews have been used to collect empirical data. Utilizing Lennart Lundquist's theory on the ethical attitudes of civil servants and governance reactions, we have employed it as a theoretical framework to analyze the respondents' answers. The interviews indicate that the respondents predominantly hold an administrative ethical approach towards the implementation of the duty to inform, although there are a few respondents with a personal ethical approach. Regarding governance reactions, the majority of respondents consider loyalty, protest, obstruction, and exit as acceptable behaviors towards the duty to inform. However, two teacher students express a differing opinion, stating that exit is not an acceptable behavior. Additionally, two teachers were unable to provide a specific answer regarding obstruction and exit as acceptable behaviors towards the duty to inform.

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  • 2.
    Alamaa, Linda
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Market Bureaucracy: Neoliberalism, Competition, and EU State Aid Policy2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alamaa, Linda
    Lund University, Department of Political Science.
    The Market as Norm: The Governmentality of State Aid Regulation2020In: The Routledge Handbook of Critical European Studies / [ed] Didier Bigo; Thomas Diez; Evangelos Fanoulis; Ben Rosamond; Yannis A. Stivachtis, London: Routledge, 2020, p. 186-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This handbook comprehensively defines and shapes the field of Critical European Union Studies, sets the research agenda and highlights emerging areas of study. Bringing together critical analyses of European Union politics, policies and processes with an expert range of contributors, it overcomes disciplinary borders and paradigms and addresses four main thematic areas pertaining to the study of the European Union and its policies:

    • Critical approaches to European integration;

    • Critical approaches to European political economy;

    • Critical approaches to the EU’s internal security;

    • Critical approaches to the EU’s external relations and foreign affairs.

  • 4.
    Alamaa, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hall, Patrik
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Löfgren, Karl
    School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Why are organisational professionals expanding in the Swedish public sector? The role of accountability2024In: Public Policy and Administration, ISSN 0952-0767, E-ISSN 1749-4192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research shows that new types of high-skilled administrators, what we in this article label organisational professionals, have amplified their presence in public sector organisations in relation to other types of public sector employees. Our purpose is to analyse how organisational accountability can be seen as a driver behind the expansion of organisational professionals. Intensified political and administrative pressures seem to be driving this process, but there also seems to be internal turfs in which the different parts of the government administration seek to hold each other accountable, a process possibly amplified by professionalising ambitions of the organisational professionals. The article concludes that the bureaucratising effect of accountability demands ought to be highlighted more in critical research of accountability. The study is based on semi-structured interviews and focus groups with public sector professionals in Sweden from different policy sectors and government levels.

  • 5.
    Albarazi, Raghad
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Ismajli, Besijana
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Digitaliseringen av den svenska skolan: En implementeringsstudie om lärarnas förståelse, kunskap och vilja att implementera den nationella digitaliseringsstrategin 20172021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on teachers' implementation work based on the national digitization strategy 2017 in Swedish primary schools. The purpose of the study was to study teachers' limitations and possibilities in the implementation of the digital tools. The study is based on interview responses from five primary school teachers. We have used Lennart Lundquist's implementation theory to analyze our data. The results of the study showed that the teachers had the digital tools that were needed, but what was lacking was time and resources for a successful implementation process.

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  • 6.
    Alexandersson, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    da Silva Örlin, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En fallstudie av visionsstyrningsmodellen i Halmstads kommun: - Ur ett New Public Management-teoretiskt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utifrån ett New Public Management-perspektiv undersöka i vilken utsträckning visionsstyrningsmodellen i Halmstads kommun följer New Public Management och utifrån det undersöka vad det resulterat i. Uppsatsen grundar sig i en intervjumetod där ledande politiker och tjänstemän från kommunen intervjuats. Den teoretiska ansatsen utgörs av en New Public Management–teori grundad på olika dimensioner av New Public Management. Uppsatsens huvudsakliga empiriska material kommer från de intervjuer som genomförts. Det finns även ett brett och representativt material för New Public Management som främst presenteras som tidigare forskning. Uppsatsens resultat tyder på att visionsstyrningsmodellen inte entydigt följer ett New Public Management i alla indikatorer utifrån den teoretiska ansatsen. Det framgår dock tydligt att visionsstyrningsmodellen influeras av alla de New Public Management-teoretiska dimensionerna uppsatsen utgår från.

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    Fallstudie av visionsstyrningsmodellen i Halmstads kommun, ur ett New Public Management-teoretiskt perspektiv
  • 7.
    Alexandersson, Robert
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Taiwan In Sino-American Relations: An Ontological Security Study2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explain why China put so much emphasizes on the Taiwan issue in their relations with the U.S. This will be explored by looking at what elements are affecting the commitment to the Taiwan question in Sino-American relations and how this can be explained by using ontological terms such as "rooted identity" and "significant others". Two key elements has been identified to analyze this; victimization and legitimacy. To evaluate the subject two research questions will be used; how can legitimacy and victimization explain China’s commitment to the Taiwan question when it comes to Sino-American relations? What is the connection between legitimacy, victimization and the PRC’s rooted identity? Policy-statement and official documents will be used to sheed light on the Taiwan-questions affects on Sino-American relations from an ontological security theory perspective. The thesis will argue that the PRC’s early history has great effects on their commitment to this issue and that legitimacy and victimization is affecting China’s commitment to Taiwan to the extent that it cannot accept an independent Taiwan. Hence this issue will continue to have great impact on China’s foreign relations, especially with the U.S. However, despite strong rhetoric’s China does not necessarily need to achieve unification with Taiwan in the near future.

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  • 8.
    Algotson, Albin
    et al.
    Linkoping University, Linköpings University Norrköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Conceptualizing local development practitioners: creators, coordinators or inside lobbyists?2021In: Urban Governance, E-ISSN 2664-3286, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local development practitioners in local government administration play a significant role in the governance of local development. This category of public officials – development officers, managers, strategists, secretaries, etc. – have received some attention in the local development literature. However, the directions in the literature are just as varied as the descriptions of the different aspects of local development governance they are taking part in. That means that the overarching understanding of what local development practitioners actually do is blurred, and is left to detailed case studies with very little or no conceptual ambition. Against this backdrop, the ambition of this article is to grasp what the local development practitioner role consists of at a conceptual level.

    This article offers a better understanding of what local development practitioner roles in particular consist of and how these roles relate to existing theories of governance and public administration. In order to do so, we first clarify and refine what the literature has stressed about local development practitioners’ roles and functions, and cluster the findings into three theoretically separated roles: the coordinator, the creator and the inside lobbyist. Second, we bridge these roles with recent trends in public administration research. Finally, we discuss how this conceptualization informs us about governance modes of local development, as well as ‘new and modern’ public official roles in local government administration. 

    © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

  • 9.
    Ali Hassan, Zaynab
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Vad krävs för att en presumtiv stat ska få ett de-jure erkännande?: En komparativ studie om att erkänna stater med fokus på fallen Eritrea och Somaliland2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What determines that states receive a de-jure recognition is not clear today. The three worlddominant theories constitutive theory, declarative theory and secession-theory all claim different criteria' that a state must meet in order to have the right to be recognized. The purpose of the thesis is to understand if there is a theory that is decisive. The thesis analyses two states, one of which has received international recognition while the other one has not. The thesis concludes that all three theories have the necessary conditions that can lead to recognition. The conditions in the secession theory on having a referendum have proved to be one of the crucial requirements for recognition, at the same time it is fundamental for a new state to meet the declarative theory requirements to have the possibility of recognition at all. However, it is a theory that argues for the decisive criteria, and it is the constitutive theory that claims that recognition from other states, such as the central state, is the main factor in succeeding in obtaining de-jure recognition. Although the criteria's in the other theories are met, it is only after recognition by the central government that membership of the UN can be achieved.

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  • 10.
    Al-Mofty, Chalang
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Svenska partiernas invandrarpolitiska åtgärder – assimilering eller integrering?: En undersökning om de fem äldsta partiernas idéer om invandrarpolitik från 1960- till 2010-talet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe, analyze and compare the Left Party’s, the Social Democratic Party’s, the Liberal People’s Party’s and the Moderate Party’s ideas on immigration policy from 1960-2010. In this study the immigration policy program or party program was analyzed through idea analysis to find out what immigration policy interventions they have come with, and if they want to assimilate or integrate immigrants. Materials used for the study are the immigration policy programs and party programs. Even scientific journals and articles have been used, in both national and international level. An analysis instrument, by Carl Dahlström (2004), has been used in this study. In the analysis instrument the author mentions eleven (11) immigration policy interventions (6 integration and 5 assimilation meansures). The study concluded that the parties had different immigration policy interventions (assimilation and integration), but during certain periods of time, a number of parties had an equal number of interventions. Keywords: Immigration policy, integration policy, assimilation policy, party program, immigration policy program.

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    D-uppsats. Svenska partiernas idéer om invandrarpolitik
  • 11.
    Altermark, Niklas
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nyberg Alamaa, Linda
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Neuro-Problems: Knowing Politics Through the Brain2018In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 31-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, neuroscientific knowledge has been applied far beyond its context of emergence to explain human behaviour in general and to address a host of specific societal problems. In this article, we discuss the emerging research field of ‘neuropolitics’ that seeks to bring neuroscientific methods and findings to political science. Neuropolitics is investigated as a particular way of approaching political problems as located in the brain. We argue that neuropolitics research gives expression to a rationality of government that allows researchers to put forward policy prescriptions based on neuroscientific knowledge. Neuropolitics thus run the risk of leading to what we call a ‘pathologisation of politics’, that turns political problems into biological deviations.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Imeri, Leonora
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Demokrati eller marknad i fokus?: En studie om meddelarfrihetens ställning i universitets och högskolors respektive gymnasieskolors interna styrdokument2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate, through a quantitative and qualitative analysis, how the officals freedom of information is expressed in policy documents from Swedish universities, colleges and upper secondary schools. The purpose is broken down into two different - but interconneted parts. The first part investigates and analyzes the issue of transparency in ‘general’ versus ‘image’ and market thinking through “our public ethos”. The second part concerns the status of officials rights of freedom of information in relation to other reaction possibilities. A democracy perspective is here set against a market perspective. Furthermore, differences and similarities in dominating perspectives and the position of freedom of information between these documents current descriptions is to be elucidated. 

    The first question is answered on the basis of our public ethos theory combined with Fredriksson and Palla's model of six principles for government communication. The results show that the market perspective dominates both in the universities and college documents, as well as in the documents that apply to upper secondary schools. The second question is answered through Lundquist's model of different reaction possibilities. The results show that the reaction ‘whisper’ (freedom of information) has a greater emphasis in the documents that apply to upper secondary schools than those of universities and colleges.

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Magnusson, Carl
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Alternativa urbana odlingsmetodernas potential för självförsörjning i Sverige2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the COVID pandemic of 2019, Sweden saw a huge increase in food prices, as many of the country's grocery chains import a large amount of all foods. This research is motivated by the Swedish Parliament's motion "Self-Sufficiency of Food in Sweden" and the need for innovative solutions to enhance Sweden's food supply. This study focuses on alternative urban agriculture methods, with a focus on aeroponics, aquaponics, hydroponics, and vertical farming, and their potential for self-sufficiency in Sweden. This study aims to fill the gap in Swedish research on soilless urban farming methods and contribute to the understanding and acceptance of the alternative methods above. The study seeks to determine whether the yield of alternative cultivation methods is comparable to traditional methods, soil-based and greenhouse-based farming, in terms of resources invested and to identify the alternative method with the highest yield. Resources in this thesis will be defined as the amount of water that is used. Our thesis aims to support businesses and local governance in decision-making regarding implementation of alternative urban farming in Sweden. A literature search was conducted using keywords such as hydroponic, vertical farming and sustainability. Statistical analysis of collected data indicates significant differences in yield and water usage among the collected examples which resulted in vertical hydroponic farming offering the highest yield in terms of space utilization, with significant statistical significance (p < 0.05). Additionally, hydroponic farming requires the least amount of water compared to other methods although this is not a certainty as there was no significant statistical difference between the different methods. The study demonstrates that hydroponic farming can achieve higher yields compared to traditional soil-based farming and other alternative farming methods. The study emphasizes organizational and governmental solutions to improve self-sufficiency at the local and national levels. Alternative urban farming methods offer a sustainable contribution to increasing self-sufficiency while minimizing resource usage.

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  • 14.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Elg, Magnus
    Halmstad University.
    Backning!?: Kommer livsmedlet räcka till?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen avhandlar hur Försvarsmakten kan försörjas med färska livsmedel under en längre säkerhetspolitisk kris. Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda vad som krävs för att försörjning av färska livsmedel till Försvarsmakten ska fungera, då samhället utsätts för stora påfrestningar inom livsmedelsförsörjningen under en långvarig säkerhetspolitisk kris.

    Inledningsvis har styrande dokument avseende livsmedelsförsörjning och vilka krav som våra folkvalda ställer på den svenska försörjningsberedskapen avseende färska livsmedel studerats för att skapa en bakgrund till problemställningen. Inhämtningen av empiri har skett genom intervjuer med nyckelpersoner inom Försvarsmakten, Livsmedelsverket och MSB samt en genomförd workshop med delvis samma aktörer samt från Försvarshögskolan. Empirin från intervjuer och workshop har analyserats genom en grounded theory-ansats och sammanförts till en sammanställd empiri. Den sammanställda empirin diskuteras mot vald referensram; Ledning av försörjningskedja, Designa effektiva organisationer, Krishantering samt ett mer nutida exempel; Coronakommissionens slutbetänkande.

    Det resultat och slutsatser vi kommit fram till är:

    • En tvärfunktionell ledning över Sveriges försörjningsnätverk avseende livsmedel behöver tillsättas
    • Underhållssäkerhetsnivåer i försörjningskedjan behöver fastställas och ett svenskt livsmedelskoncept behöver skapas
    • Livsmedelssektorn behöver åläggas att tidigarelägga den svenska livsmedelsberedskapen
    • Livsmedelspersonal, -transportresurser och -anläggningar behöver krigsplaceras.
    • Kraven på näringslivet och den svenska befolkningen behöver tydliggöras och kommuniceras
    • Försvarsmakten behöver öka mängden personal som omsätter deras hållbara livsmedel
    • Sveriges internationella samarbeten behöver stärkas

    Avslutningsvis lämnas ett antal rekommendationer till Försvarsmakten, MSB, livsmedelssektorn (Livsmedelsverket, Statens jordbruksverk och Statens veterinärmedicinska anstalt) och Försvarshögskolan.

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  • 15.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Mainstream Coverage of Alternative Media2019In: Alternative Media Meets Mainstream Politics: Activist Nation Rising / [ed] Joshua D. Atkinson and Linda Kenix, Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2019, p. 143-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Rebecka
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Vägledande värden: En idéanalytisk studie om svenska myndigheters arbete med offentligt etos inom e-förvaltning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on Lennart Lundquist thesis of the importance of incorporating both democratic and economic values in public administration, what he calls "our public ethos", as economic values have become increasingly important due to the development of New Public Management. The paper aimed to investigate which economic or democratic values could be identified in relation to e-government in an analysis of three Swedish administrative authorities' policy documents. To obtain the purpose of this study, following question was asked:

    ● Which economic or democratic values can be identified in relation to e-government in a review of the Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Police Authority and the Employment Service's policy document?

    A ideal-type analysis was used as a method, and the measurement point consisted of democratic and economic values in our public ethos. The result turned out to be that both economic and democratic values can be found in the documents. It is arguable that New Public Management has had an impact on all, but its hegemonic position could not be substantiated. The dissertation's analysis section also pointed out that, in addition to emphasizing democratic values, e-government reforms can also strengthen these.

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  • 17.
    Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Graad, Stina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skapandet av Vi och Dom: Identitetskonstruktioner inom EU:smigrationsdiskurs 2011-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Globala konflikter har under 2010-talet utmanat den Europeiska Unionen på många sätt ochdärmed har migrationen blivit ett prioriterat område på den europeiska agendan. Dennauppsats studerar EU:s migrationsdiskurs under tidsperioden 2011-2016 för att analysera deneuropeiska identiteten och hur vi och dom konstrueras inom diskursen. Uppsatsen tar sinutgångspunkt i tidigare forskning inom området och de teoretiska och metodologiska ramverksom ligger till grund för uppsatsen. Studien bygger på en modernistisk identitetsteori medfokus på antagonism och utgår från diskursanalys som metodologiskt tillvägagångssätt medinfluenser från diskursteoretikerna Ernest Laclau och Chantal Mouffe samt av andradiskursiva analysmodeller. De empiriska materialet studeras i form av migrationspolitiskadokument från EU-kommissionen och analyseras utifrån teori och metod.Sammanfattningsvis avslutas studien med resultatet att EU inte konstruerar ett tydligt vi menatt det finns flertalet tydliga dom, där vissa ses som en tillgång för EU och andra somantagonister.

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  • 18.
    Andersson, Victor
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tillit till Polisen: Individuella, Sociala eller Institutionella förklaringsfaktorer i de nordiska länderna och EU's medlemsländer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisen ar den organisation som i fredstider har mandat att uppratthalla ordningen i samhallet. Vad som paverkar tilliten till polisen ar viktigt att veta eftersom okad tillit ger polisen okade mojligheter att bekampa brott. Den okade globaliseringen och ett mer transnationellt samhalle kraver samarbete mellan olika landers polis for bekampning av brott. Denna studie ar kvantitativ och undersoker individuella, sociala och institutionella faktorer som paverkar tilliten till polisen i de nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander. Studien visar att tillit till polisen i de nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander till stor del paverkas av de politiska systemfaktorerna ”grad av demokrati” och ”det politiska systemets mojligheter till effektiva och tillforlitliga statliga institutioner”. De nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander bor darfor varna om den demokratiska utvecklingen samt se till att det politiska systemet mojliggor att statliga institutioner bedrivs effektivt och tillforlitligt for att oka tilliten till polisen.

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  • 19.
    Angbo, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Deltagardemokratins förhinder: En fallstudie av det medborgerliga deltagandet i Framtid Oskarström2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En intensiv förändringsprocess har kunnat identifieras runt om i Sveriges kommuner där en rad reformer genomförts i syfte att skapa forum för ökat medborgerligt deltagande. Syftet är att på så vis stärka demokratin på lokal nivå. I Halmstads kommun arbetar man med medborgerligt deltagande i flera projekt, Framtid Oskarström är ett av dem. Det finns dock en spänning i debatten kring om den lokala demokratin stärks genom att arbeta med medborgerligt deltagande. Omfattande kritik har riktats mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet, ändå arbetar Sveriges kommuner intensivt med att öka det medborgerliga deltagandet i politiska projekt och processer mellan de allmänna valen.

    Denna uppsats har två stycken syften. För det första har nivån av medborgerligt deltagande i projektet Framtid Oskarström studerats och för det andra har utsagor om kritik mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet undersökts. Fem stycken intervjuer har genomförts och resultatet visar att nivån av medborgerligt deltagande i Framtid Oskarström är medverkande dialog och respondenternas utsagor om kritiken som riktats mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet visar att det finns kritik som respondenterna håller med om, och som de inte håller med om. 

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  • 20. Angela, Moussallem
    Den latenta förbrytaren: En diskursanalys av hur ”invandraren” framställs i relation till brottslighet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats syftar till att undersöka hur ”invandraren” i relation till brottslighet framställs i diskursen samt vilka premisser representationen vilar på. Metoden utgörs av en kvalitativ diskursanalys, diskursen utgörs av opinionsbildande texter i dags- och kvällstidningar. Det har framkommit ett antal olika konkurrerande diskurser som samspelar. Den dominerande diskurser består av en presumtiv hållning att kategorin ”invandrare” är mer kriminell än övriga kategorier. En annan konkurrerande representation är ”invandraren” som offer för främlingsfientlighet och en politiserad debatt, eller dålig socialpolitik. ”Invandraren” beskrivs i genomgående termer som offer för hög arbetslöshet, låg utbildningsnivå, fattigdom, isolering och dålig integrations- och migrationspolitik. Inte sällan förekom samtliga representationer tillsammans. Sättet att beskriva ”invandraren” som mer utsatt och i behov av ”vår” hjälp bidrar till en reducering av ”invandraren” som ständigt i behov av sociala åtgärder, detta i sin tur kan förväntas bidra till en bild av den framtida förbrytaren.

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  • 21.
    Aranda García, Jhonatan Andrés
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Libya, Syria and The Responsibilty to Protect:: A Case Study to determine what accounted for the different outcomes.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    In 2011, the Libyan and Syrian crises caught the attention of the media and international society. Whereas the former reached a positive outcome in compliance with the application of the Responsibility to Protect norm, the latter continues to claim the lives of thousands of people to this day. Despite calls by the international community, China and Russia continue being an impediment for the adoption of measures in Syria in the name of the Responsibility to Protect. Their arguments are in line with the criticized Libyan intervention. Nevertheless, it is possible that the real reasons behind this shift of attitude from one crisis to another, are nothing more than a neo-realistic response to regional politics.

    Keywords:

    Libya, Syria, Responsibility to Protect (RtoP), Neo-realism, Social constructivism, China, Russia.

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    Bachelor Thesis
  • 22.
    Argento, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Business and Social Studies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Department of Business and Social Studies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The ‘externalisation’ of local public service delivery: experience in Italy and Sweden2010In: International Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 1740-0600, E-ISSN 1740-0619, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 41-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the local government sector in European countries has undergone important changes involving, among other things, the externalisation of local public service provision through various forms of corporatisation, public-public collaboration, public-private partnerships and contracting out. An important consequence of these institutional changes has been the recasting of local governance systems through the need for increased cooperation between public and private actors. This article addresses these matters with comparative reference to the experience in Italy and Sweden. In doing so, it considers local governments in their constitutional and legal contexts, leading to more detailed discussions of their externalisation initiatives and resultant organisational forms and governance arrangements. Issues of ownership have been important concerning the significance of 'community' and 'place' in the management of public affairs. © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 23.
    Arvidsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Widén, Stephen
    Örebro universitet, Örebro, Sverige.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning – boendegeografiska skillnader2016In: Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning, ISSN 0809-2052, E-ISSN 2464-3076, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 241-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In countries with highly decentralized welfare services, disparities between municipalities and regions can be expected. The article analyzes whether, and in that case, how, the type of post-school occupation among graduates from Swedish upper secondary school for pupils with intellectual disability (USSID) varies depending on the municipality or geographic region the former pupils live in. The analyses are based on data from a unique national database that includes 12,269 pupils who graduated from USSID between 2001 and 2011. Results show that municipality of residence has an independent effect on the type of post-USSID occupation. Moreover, the total percentages of relocations in the studied population are low.

    The authors conclude that the geographical variations identified in other parts of the Swedish welfare system also apply partly to post-USSID occupations. The article discusses whether municipal and regional affiliation is of particular significance for pupils from USSID, because of their low propensity to relocate.

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  • 24.
    Asklander, Niklas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Schmidt, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    ILLUSIONEN OM DET VÄPNADE ANGREPPET2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Defence Commission has proposed that the Swedish Armed Forces once again will be assigned the main task of defending Sweden against an armed attack. Defence against an armed attack has gained more focus since the defence decision 2015 and prior to the upcoming defence decision it is even more emphasized. Are the politics and the Swedish Armed Forces in agreement regarding the meaning and implications of this on basis of contemporary threats?

    The overall aim of the study is to understand the interaction between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces in the designing and shaping of the Swedish Armed Forces. This study has a starting point in the prelude to the planned political defence decision 2020 and aims to understand some of this major context. It is focusing on identifying the coherence between the Defence Committee and the Swedish Armed Forces’ military strategic leadership in terms of the meaning of an armed attack being the primary basis of designing and shaping the Swedish Armed Forces. In addition, important factors that have an impact on the interaction between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces are identified.

    The empiricism is taken from international law, the military strategic doctrine of the Swedish Armed Forces, reports from the Defence Commission and interviews with members of the Defence Committee and the military strategic leadership of the Swedish Armed Forces.

    The results show that there is lack of coherence within the Defence Committee as well as between the Defence Committee and the Swedish Armed Forces regarding the meaning of the proposed main task to the Swedish Armed Forces and how it should relate to other tasks. There is an illusion regarding the definition of an armed attack. In reality it is the government that, under constitutional responsibility, defines an armed attack when there is an act of aggression. In addition, it is identified that it is suitable to mutually improve trust between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces by increasing knowledge of each other's realities.

     

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  • 25.
    Assabie, Yaregal
    et al.
    Addis Ababa University, Department of Computer Science, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Online Handwriting Recognition of Ethiopic Script2008In: Proceedings: Eleventh International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Montréal, Québec - Canada, August 19-21, 2008 / [ed] Ching Y Suen, Montréal: CENPARMI, Concordia University , 2008, p. 153-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online recognition of handwritten characters is gaining a renewed interest as it provides a natural way of data entry for a wide variety of handheld devices. In this paper, we present online handwriting recognition system for Ethiopic script based on the structural and syntactical analysis of the strokes forming characters. The complex structures of characters are represented by the spatio- temporal relationships of simple-shaped strokes called primitives. A special tree structure is used to model spatio- temporal relationships of the strokes. The tree generates a unique set of primitive stroke sequences for each character, and for recognition each stroke sequence is matched against a stored knowledge base. Characters are also classified based on their structural similarity to select a plausible set of characters for un unknown input, which improves recognition and processing time. We also present a dataset collected for training and testing online recognition systems for Ethiopic script. The dataset is prepared in accordance with the international standard UNIPEN format. The recognition system is tested with the collected dataset and experimental results are reported.

  • 26.
    Avsharova, Sabina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Populistiska attityder i Europa Social Survey2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Populistiska krafter blir allt mer inflytelserika runt om i västvärlden, populism inklusive alla dess olika inriktningar får ett allt större stöd hos befolkningen sedan början på 2000-talet. Denna uppsats undersöker fyra förklaringsfaktorer som främjar populistiska attityder hos individer som ingår i Europa Social Survey data. Dessa faktorer grundas i Ronald Inglehart och Pippa Norris förklaringsmodeller och skapar underlag för studiens hypoteser. För att genomföra detta tillämpas kvantitativ forskningsstrategi med en deduktiv ansats. Indikatorer i analysen är sekundärdata från ESS som används för att summera ett populismindex och finna förklaringsvariabler. Syftet är att med hjälp av multipel regressionsanalys framställa vilka förklaringsfaktorer har en påverkan på populistiska attityder samt påvisa ett signifikant samband. Analysen framställer hur populistiska attityder ser ut bland studiens inkluderade länder, samt påvisar ett samband mellan populismindexet och utvalda förklaringsfaktorer. Resultatet visar att fyra förklaringsfaktorer som har inkluderats i studien har effekt på individers mottaglighet för populistiska attityder. Följaktligen redogörs att om individen är missnöjd med livet i sin helhet eller med vårdtjänsterna som finns i respektive land, kan det leda till att den är mer mottaglig för populistiska attityder än om den har låg utbildningsnivå eller tillhör den äldre generationen. Det innebär att studiens hypoteser som avser missnöje och individens bakgrundsfaktorer stämmer överens med Ingleharts och Norris förklaringsmodeller.

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  • 27.
    Aziz, Alwand
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science. 1997.
    Kadhim, Diana
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skolpersonalens avgörande kamp mot hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens implementering av skolverkets direktiv om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck, i den svenska skolan.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study about the implementation of the National Agency for Educations directives regarding honour violence and culture. The focus will be on the work of the teachers, principals and curators and how they implement The National Agency for Education’s directives regarding honour violence and culture. Through the use of interviews and mainly through Lennart Lindquist’s theory “want, understand and able” the essay has its purpose to study the implementation of the directives in four different schools. Interviews were conducted with principals, teachers and curators in hopes of getting the perspective of if and how the people in the mentioned field implement the directives. The study shows both similarities and differences between the different professions which we present in the analysis chapter and later address in the discussion part of the study.

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  • 28.
    Balta, Natali
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Demokratiska medier?: En kvalitativ textanalys av nyhetsartiklar av fallet "Julia Caesar"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen har studerat tio utvalda nyhetsartiklar från traditionella och alternativa medier i fallet Julia Caesar i relation till teorin om sju krav på journalistik i en demokrati. Frågeställningarna har varit: 1. Hur väl uppfylls varje krav i respektive nyhetsartikel? 2. Framgår någon skillnad mellan de traditionella och alternativa medierna i hur de förhåller sig till sju krav på journalistik i en demokrati och i sådana fall hur påvisas det? En kvalitativ textanalys med en hermeneutisk utgångspunkt tillämpas i uppsatsen. I analysen har citat valts ut för att påvisa varför ett krav uppfyllts eller inte. Resultatet av den här uppsatsen har visat att de traditionella medierna i en större utsträckning än de alternativa medierna uppfyller de sju kraven men att både de traditionella och alternativa medierna har en viktig roll i samhället, det gör det möjligt för medborgare att läsa olika åsikter kring samma nyhet. 

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  • 29. Batory, Agnes
    et al.
    Svensson, Sara
    The fuzzy concept of collaborative governance: A systematic review of the state of the art2019In: Central European Journal of Public Policy, E-ISSN 1802-4866, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 28-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to the consolidation and synthesis of scholarship on collaborative governance by expanding our knowledge of how the term is used in the academic literature and policy documents in a range of European countries. It adds value to the existing reviews of the field by conducting a systematic literature review on a corpus of over 700 article abstracts and a traditional literature review identifying five key analytical dimensions. The article also provides an exploratory analysis of grey literature hitherto outside the purview of researchers and considers the linguistic and cultural connotations that alter the meaning of the term when translated into new contexts in ten EU/EFTA countries. Findings indicate heterogeneity and fuzziness in the way the concept is used. The article argues that explicit positions with respect to five main analytical dimensions and taking into account the national connotations that the term carries across political systems would inject more clarity into the academic discourse. This, in turn, will help policymakers to make informed use of the concept, especially in multi-national policy-making arenas. © 2019 Agnes Batory et al., published by Sciendo 2019.

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  • 30.
    Beijer Brondén, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Schill, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Talking Solidarity and the Burden of Saving Lives: A Qualitative Case Study on the Common European Asylum System2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the difficulties encountered in the process of establishing the CommonEuropean Asylum System, taken from a discursive perspective. The focus of the study isthreefold; why are specific issues highlighted by the European Union Member States, how isthe discursive conflict expressed within the discourse on CEAS, and what definitions ofsolidarity are promoted by the Member States. In purpose of addressing these focuses,discourse theory, issue salience and solidarity through burden sharing are used as theoreticalframework. By applying critical method and discourse analysis, this study has managed toestablish that the security issues are among the most highlighted, whereas the geographicallocation of a Member State seems to be an explanatory factor to a Member State’s specificemphasis. Regarding the discursive conflict, the definitions of the concepts mutual trust, fairdistribution and cooperation are especially contested. Furthermore, the external dimension ofsolidarity is proven to be the precedent definition of solidarity.

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  • 31.
    Bengtsson, Hans
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM).
    Offentlig förvaltning: Att arbeta i demokratins tjänst2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken ger en överblick över organiseringen och den diskussion och problematik som präglar politik och förvaltning i ett pluralistiskt modernt samhälle. Frågan är t.ex. hur enskilda individers och gruppers behov av frihet och självbestämmande kan förenas med behovet av ömsesidiga hänsynstaganden och gemensamma, kollektiva angelägenheter i en demokrati. Att arbeta i politiskt styrd verksamhet innebär att man möter både praktiska och etiska problem som skall lösas i samråd med många andra inblandade aktörer. I ett avslutande kapitel i boken behandlas därför etiska frågeställningar som präglar den offentliga förvaltningen.

  • 32.
    Bengtsson, Hans
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM).
    Varför blir det inte som vi har bestämt?: Om implementeringen av en social reform2008In: Demokrati och makt: Vänbok till Lennart Lundquist / [ed] Stubbergaard, Ylva & Hall, Patrik, Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2008, p. 117-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Implementering av politiska reformer berör centrala statsvetenskapliga problemområden. I artikeln diskuteras, med erfarenheterna från implementeringen på lokal nivå av rättighetslagen LSS, möjligheter och hinder att via sociala reformer skapa rättvisa levnadsvillkor för personer med omfattande funktionshinder.

  • 33.
    Bengtsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Niima, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Rumsliga analyser av protester: En studie av eventuella spridningseffekter bland protester i Afrika under åren 1997-20152018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med denna underökning ville vi pröva en hypotes om att antalet proteser i ett givet land i Af- rika påverkar antalet protester i angränsande länder, det vill säga en analys om geografisk när- het påverkar antalet protester i grannländerna mellan åren 1997 – 2015. Tidigare studier av exempelvis Arabiska våren har nämnt internetanvändning som en tänkbar faktor vid sprid- ningen av protester. För att ytterligare pröva uppkomsten av den typen av sociala fenomen använde vi i första steget en metod som mäter en variabels påverkan på sina geografiska grannar. Resultatet visade ett svagt stöd för att geografisk närhet påverkar antalet protester i länder i Afrika under åren 2000 och 2006, men i efterföljande steg kunde vi inte hitta något stöd för att våra övriga utvalda förklaringsvariabler (demokratisering, internetanvändning, BNP, korruptionsindex samt populationsnivå) samverkade under dessa år. Detta antyder att metoden i sig fortfarande kan vara användningsbar, men att vi helt enkelt inte valde ut rätt samverkande variabler i vårt test.

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  • 34.
    Berenett, Emanuel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Fredriksson, Olle
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att vara ideologiskt konsekvent under kris: En idéanalys av debatten om vaccinpass i Sverige2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis’s main purpose is to understand the recent debate in Sweden concerning the vaccine passport that was caused due to the recent spread of the corona virus. The focus is on what a variety of arguments and positions from different public political debaters have taken in a number of issues regarding vaccine passports. If they have been ideologically consistent regarding their previous ideologic positions in other debates in Sweden. First the thesis describes the three main ideologies used (liberalism, socialism and conservatism) and outlines their main positions. By doing so, the thesis can later compare what Swedish opinion leaders have argued in regards to the vaccine passport and therefore find out if they are relatable to their main ideology. 

    This has been made possible by the implementation of the design of an Ide whose purpose is to investigate and try to understand why different sides of this debate think about how they think about vaccine passports along with if it seems consistent.. The result points to that it can indeed be found ideological inconsistencies in some varieties. For example, if opinion leaders affiliated with the liberal ideology finding the vaccine passports useful might seem to clash with the main positions of the liberal ideology.

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  • 35.
    Bergsten, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    A matter of equality, religion or politics?: The proliferation of same-sex marriage legislationamong the member states in the European Union2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has investigated the effect of political influence, religious denomination, and level of equality regarding same-sex marriage legislation among the 28 member states of the European Union (EU). Furthermore, prior research has been related to the topics: same-sex marriage cases within the EU court, religious influence on approval of homosexuality, Conservative, Liberal, and Social democratic ideas regarding same-sex marriage and research about Feminism and equality. It has used a quantitative, comparative, and causal analysis to test the six hypotheses by using Cox Regression.

    The thesis has concluded that religious influence had a negativeeffect on the same-sex marriage legislation, disregarding denomination, and the level of social cohesion and equality had a positive effect on the legislation. Additionally, the result has shown that among the member states of the EU, the phenomenon of same-sex marriage was not a politically polarised, but that there were rather possible other variables not included in the analysis that could explain why half of the member states have legislated same-sex marriage. However, the predicted hazard rate of no legislation has increased and if the trend would continue there could possibly be a consensus among the members of the EU in the future.

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  • 36.
    Bergström, Annie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Brinck, Tessie
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Det lokala medborgarskapet i landsbygdssamhället: En studie om kommunala visioners betydelse för landsbygdens service och det lokala medborgarskapet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats vill vi studera vilken typ av vision som Laholms kommun har för landsbygdsorten Veinge gällande landsbygdsutveckling och hur det kan påverka Veinges lokala medborgarskap. För att besvara syftet utgår uppsatsen utifrån frågeställningarna: Vilken typ av Josefina Syssners landsbygdsvisioner har Laholms Kommun för Veinge? Vad kan visionen ha för betydelse för det lokala medborgarskapet? För att undersöka detta genomförs en kvalitativ textanalys av Laholms kommuns utvecklingsprogram för Veinge 2035. Det finns olika sätt man kan förhålla sig till visioner. Josefina Syssner har tagit fram nya visioner för landsbygden som i denna studie tillämpas som analysverktyg. Den kvalitativa textanalysen är baserad på Josefina Syssners visioner för landsbygden och ställa det i relation till det lokala medborgarskapet. Resultatet visar att Laholms Kommuns vision för Veinge går att identifieras med Syssners vision “Den hållbara landsbygden” men att den även liknar Syssners vision “Besöksplatsen”. Visionerna “Den uppkopplade platsen” och “Den globala platsen” visar sig stämma mindre överens med Laholms kommuns vision för Veinge. Om Laholms kommun lyckas att förverkliga sin vision har de en möjlighet att välja en politik som riktar sig åt antingen ett liberalt eller kommunitärt medborgarskap i orten.

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  • 37.
    Bhatti, Harrison John
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability. VTI, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability. Shanghai Dianji University, Shanghai, China; Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nåbo, Arne
    VTI, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A System Approach to Electrification of Transportation – An International Comparison2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally, the transportation system is transforming from a fossil-based to an electrification system. Some countries are leading in the transformation process. Some countries are rapidly catching up to become market leaders in developing and introducing new techniques and equipment that support the transformation process in their countries. In contrast, others are still relying on their old fossil-based system or could not have enough understanding of how to deal with this complex transformation of the transportation system.

    The electrification of the transportation system is not an isolated system that can be handled as a single technological element. It is a group of multiple technologies, political, societal, and economic sub-systems each of these sub-systems is embedded in each other, forming the whole system. Therefore, it is important to see and manage the system from a holistic perspective to transform the transportation electrification system efficiently. We have selected eight countries from three different continents – Asia (China, India), Australia, which is a country and continent, and Europe (Germany, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, and the UK) to explore the transformational process of transportation electrification based on each countries’ conditions. We have chosen these continents as they are diversified in adopting transportation electrification system solutions.

    Our main conclusions are that the political processes and political decisiveness are the most important, followed by the societal and economic, with technology as the fourth. The other three are difficult to obtain without dedicated and determined political decision-makers. Political decision-makers need to use economic means to support the transformation in society and industry to balance the economic disadvantage of electric systems until they pass the cost disadvantage turning point. Technology is no longer a significant barrier as it was about 20 years ago. Now, technology is available, although it can be improved. The important part is to understand how to utilize the existing technology efficiently to transform the old fossil-based transportation system into new electrification of the transportation system. Without clear and strong political support, the industry cannot be expected to initiate, finance, take risks, and take the lead in this global societal transformation.

    Our analysis shows that China is being positioned as the leading country in the world in the electrification of the transportation system because of the strong technological advancements, control of the entire value chain, strong government decisiveness, and execution power in developing and implementing favorable electric vehicle (EV) policies, the willingness of the public sector to take the lead and citizens support to adopt clean technology. Norway has rapidly become one of the newcomers with large numbers of registered electric vehicles according to its population size within a few years, despite lacking manufacturing electric vehicles (EVs) and equipment for transportation electrification. Germany is leading in the technological sector of transportation electrification within Europe with its prestigious top-selling electric vehicle brands in Germany, such as Volkswagen, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Smart, and Audi, and establishing a battery Gigafactory with an annual potential production capacity of 60 GWh. However, Germany is still lagging behind from the societal perspective of not having enough sales of electric vehicles compared to gasoline-based vehicles. Sweden is a rapidly growing country in the electrification of transport, with three vehicle manufacturers introducing EVs in 2021 and developing electric roads system for more than ten years. Sweden is also working on establishing a new 50 GWh battery manufacturing plant in Gothenburg, Sweden. The UK is also catching up with its other European countries in transforming the transportation system with its strong government support. The British government has kept transportation electrification on its national agenda and considering building a Gigafactory to obtain a position as a future battery leader. However, the UK's adoption rate of electric vehicles is still slow compared to fossil-based vehicles. India, Australia, and Slovenia are far behind in the process of transportation transformation than China, Norway, Germany, Sweden, and the UK. One of the common reasons in all these countries is their governments' baby steps even though they have high ambitions. Their governments require a revolutionized and systems approach to enable remarkable change in the transformation process.

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  • 38.
    Björk, Peter
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR), The Learning and Educational Relations (SOLUR).
    Regional samverkan för distansstudier i Entreprenörsregionen: En utvärdering av flexibelt lärande och entreprenörskap2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar resultatet från en utvärdering av projektet "Regional samverkan för distansstudier i Entreprenörsregionen" som, med stöd av Nationellt Centrum för Flexibelt Lärande (CFL), pågick mellan våren 2003 och våren 2005. Utvärderingen genomfördes inom ramen för ämnet Statsvetenskap vid Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle på Högskolan i Halmstad, på uppdrag av projektets ledare vid Entreprenörsregionen.

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  • 39.
    Blanck, Dan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Stranne, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). SINAS, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    En annorlunda exceptionalism. President Barack Obama och en klassisk amerikansk tankefigur2020In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 122, no 5, p. 43-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Borg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Den genomgående radikalfeminismen: En komparativ studie av regeringen Reinfeldt och regeringen Löfven i frågan att bekämpa våld mot kvinnor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med kunskaper om vilken feministisk karaktär, liberalfeminism eller radikalfeminism, som kännetecknar regeringen Reinfeldt och regeringen Löfven i frågan att bekämpa våld mot kvinnor. Samt vilka likheter eller olikheter som identifieras mellan regeringarna i frågan. Studiens djupare syfte är att ge förståelse för om det råder politisk överensstämmelse över partitillhörigheterna i frågan att bekämpa våld mot kvinnor och om jämställdhet är ett politikområde som kan institutionaliseras. Det teoretiska ramverk som använts för att kategorisera regeringen Reinfeldt och regeringen Löfven är feministisk teori om liberalfeminism och radikalfeminism. Kvalitativ textanalys har använts som metod för att granska två officiella skrivelser undertecknade av respektive regering. För att analysera studiens empiri tillämpas idéanalys som analysverktyg för att kunna ge svar på studiens frågeställningar. Studien är av komparativt slag och resultatet visar att regeringen Reinfeldt och regeringen Löfven uppvisar tydliga feministiska likheter i frågan. Regeringarna och deras politiska ställning i frågan att bekämpa våld mot kvinnor kännetecknas primärt av radikalfeminismen med ett mindre inslag av liberalfeminism. Studiens resultat bidrar med förståelse för att det råder politisk och ideologisk konsensus i frågan att bekämpa våld mot kvinnor.

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  • 41.
    Borglin, Charlotta
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    När smarta människor blir dumma: En studie av funktionell dumhet på Högskolan i Halmstad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en studie av funktionell dumhet på Högskolan i Halmstad. Studien bygger på sju intervjuer av anställda på högskolan som sedan analyserats och placerats i ett schema för funktionell dumhet. Intervjuerna, som gjordes med både chefer och ”vanliga” anställda gjorde det möjligt att konstatera att funktionell dumhet är ett fenomen som har tydliga tendenser och i vissa fall finns på Högskolan i Halmstad. I de flesta fall var chefer och anställda överens om var funktionell dumhet kan synas, medan de i vissa fall hade skilda åsikter. Resultaten presenteras genom tydliga tabeller och tillhörande motivering och kommentarer. Det faktum att den funktionella dumheten syns på organisationen påvisar att Alvesson och Spicers teori om fenomenet är värd att undersöka vidare, på olika sorters organisationer, inte bara på statliga myndigheter. Även om författarna själva menar att detta fenomen finns på alla organisationer, så ger denna undersökning en konkret bild med riktiga situationer tagna från intervjupersonernas upplevelser. 

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  • 42.
    Borovic, Valeria
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Demokratin i skymundan av filterbubblan: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys kring filterbubblor och deltagardemokrati2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the phenomenon filter bubble and how it affects the participant democracy. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze how participant democracy is presented together with the filter bubbles in articles of filter bubbles. The questions that is answered inthis thesis is: In which way is filter bubble described in the Swedish newspapers “Dagens Nyheter” and “Svenska Dagbladet”? How is participant democracy presented in relation tofilter bubbles? The results show us that the Swedish newspapers DN and SvD is presenting the filter bubbles in their articles and has different arguments that goes within the participant democracy.

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  • 43.
    Boström, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ramberg, T.
    Pain Clinic, Varberg Hospital, Varberg, Sweden.
    Davies, B.D.
    Dean of Nursing Studies, School of Nursing Studies, University of Wales, Cardi , UK.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Survey of post-operative patients' pain management1997In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 5, no 6, p. 341-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although effective pain treatment is available for both cancer-related pain and acute post-operative pain, many patients suffer unnecessarily. The aim of this study was to evaluate post-operative patients' pain management. A descriptive survey study was conducted in a 460-bed acute hospital in the southwestern part of Sweden. One hundred post-operative inpatients, on their second post-operative day, took part in the study. They were consecutively selected from six surgical wards. Data were collected using an interview questionnaire designed by the American Pain Society and analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. At the time of the interview, 29 of the patients reported moderate to severe pain. Regarding the patients' worst pain experienced during the last 24 h, 79 of them reported moderate to very severe pain. Significant correlations were found between reported poor pain relief after pain medication and high intensity of pain both within the last 24 h and at the time of the interview. Eighty-three patients were satisfied with the way nurses treated their pain, while 64 patients were satisfied with the way physicians treated their pain. However, the higher the pain intensity experienced by the patients the less satisfied they were. The fact that patients do not know what kinds of relief are available may be one reason for the patients expressing satisfaction despite being in pain, another that the patients judge the kindness of the staff rather than their way of treating the pain. The field of pain management is rapidly changing requiring professional knowledge and experience in order to ensure pain management of good quality.

  • 44.
    Brag, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Den svenska nolltoleransens baksida: En kvalitativ fallstudie om den svenska nolltoleransen mot narkotika samt dess följder2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish death rate related to narcotics is amongst the highest within the EU. The purpose of this study is to use process tracing while investigating and understanding the high death rate among people who use narcotics in Sweden. The focus is on whether the Swedish drug policy is driven by morals instead of scientific proof and asks whether morals are the main cause of the high death rate in Sweden. The study utilizes the “threshold theory” and the theory of “symbolic politics.” To do this the following questions are being answered: “How has the Swedish zero tolerance towards narcotics looked like since the 1970s until present day?” and “are there any signs to proof that the Swedish drug policy is driven more by morals than by scientific evidence, and if so, what are they?” The study also tests the hypothesis that the high death rate is related to the restrictive drug policy in Sweden. In order to answer this the study collects data and regulations from different time periods in Sweden thru a qualitative method. The study confirms that the Swedish drug policy is driven by moral while overlooking scientific proof and it is also likely that the hypothesis of the study is true.

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  • 45.
    Brönmark Riex, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Karlsson, Elizabeth
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Lost In Translation: Betydelsen av Kultur utifrån Nationalitet, Lingvistik samt Organisation i Multinationella Team2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of globalization, multinational teams are being more frequently used in today´s businesses. This specific type of team can be described as heterogeneous when it comes to nationality and linguistics. The aim of this study was to explore the concept of multinational teams. This was made using culture as a main concept, and nationality, linguistics, and organizational culture in order to describe it. We intended to say something about how this type of team´s efficiency; when it comes to satisfaction and performance; was affected by national and linguistic heterogeneity within the team. While analyzing differences between the teams’ efficiency when it comes to satisfaction and performance, we also intended to say something about how organizational culture can affect this.

    This study was made by using a qualitative approach, with focus on a deductive way of doing it. Four different case studies were conducted in order to support this study. A total of seven different respondents where used in this study and their narratives are together with the theoretical framework the basis for this study´s analysis and conclusions.

    This study reveals that perceived efficiency when it comes to satisfaction and performance can be affected by national and linguistic heterogeneity among team members in multinational teams. It also suggests that organizational culture can be used in order to overshadow these differences among team members, and that this in turn affects the perceived efficiency. A straightforward answer regarding nationality, linguistic, and organizational culture´s influence on multinational team´s efficiency, was never given from the case studies. Instead, this seemed to vary from case to case. Two extremes were yet to be found. When nationality and linguistic heterogeneity were easy to observe, low efficiency was perceived in the multinational team. In contrast, when organizational culture was easy to observe, high efficiency was perceived within the multinational team. This suggests that organizational culture can override national and linguistic heterogeneity when it comes to creating high performance and satisfaction among members of multinational teams.

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  • 46.
    Bukvic, Enisa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Rashid, Zhale
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Implementeringsprocessen i en extraordinär situation: En fallstudie om kommunala verksamheters förutsättningar för implementering av de lagar som berör ensamkommande barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera förutsättningarna för implementeringsprocessen när det gäller de lagar som berör ensamkommande barn, i och med den extraordinära situation som den markanta ökningen av denna grupp gett upphov till. Syftet och tillhörande frågor besvaras genom att urskilja om de kommunala verksamheterna i Halmstad, som valts utifrån ett målinriktat urval, förstår, kan och vill implementera dem. Genom en semistrukturerad intervjumetod besvaras tre bifrågeställningar som utgår från Lundquist och Vedungs teoretiska implementeringsvillkor: om tjänstemännen (1) förstår, (2) kan och (3) vill implementera lagarna i arbetet. Detta i sin tur besvarar huvudfrågeställningen: har Utbildnings- och arbetsmarknadsförvaltningen, Överförmyndarförvaltningen och Socialförvaltningen, i takt med den extraordinära situation som uppkommit, förutsättningarna som krävs för att implementera lagarna i arbetet? Rättsreglerna som skulle implementeras var Lag om mottagande av asylsökande, Lag om god man för ensamkommande barn och Socialtjänstlagen. Resultatet påvisar att förutsättningarna för implementeringen saknades. Tjänstemännen kunde, ville och förstod inte hur lagarna skulle tillämpas i enlighet med beslutsfattarnas intentioner. Skälet grundar sig i den markanta ökningen av ensamkommande barn. 

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  • 47.
    Bylund, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Palestinier och israeler i svensk dagspress: En beskrivande komparativ kvantitativ innehållsanalys av den mediala gestaltningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konflikten i Mellanöstern har genererat ett stort medialt intresse, särskilt under den första och andra intifadan. Parallellt har även debatten om antisemitismens existens tagit fart på nytt, där vissa hävdar att detta syns i den mediala rapporteringen i Europa. I kontrast hävdar amerikanska medier att gestaltningen är pro-israelisk och beskriver palestinier som våldsamma terrorister, militanta islamister och överlag roten till problem i Mellanöstern, men att det har skett en förändring mellan den första och andra intifadan.

    Det finns ett begränsat antal studier på hur medier utanför USA, Israel och Arabvärlden gestaltar israeler och palestinier i Mellanöstern, och denna studie tar sitt ursprung i denna kunskapslucka, för att undersöka den svenska kontexten. Metoden är beskrivande komparativ kvantitativ innehållsanalys, som lutar sig på teorier om gestaltning. Materialet som används är artiklar och notiser i svenska dagstidningar. Syftet är att klargöra vilka bilder som ges, om detta skiljer sig mellan tidningar av olika ideologi, samt om detta har förändrats mellan första och andra intifadan.

    Resultatet visar att palestinier gestaltas mer positivt än israeler, men denna tendens minskar under andra intifadan.

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  • 48.
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University. Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hälsoteknik: Ett tillväxtområde och innovationssystem med gränsöverskridande potential utifrån ett genusperspektiv?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationer och innovationssystem har på senare tid fått en allt viktigare roll i synen på vad somfrämjar ekonomisk tillväxt och regional utveckling. Forskning visar att statliga satsningar inominnovationspolitiken uppvisar ett prioriteringsmönster där kön synes vara en organiserandeprincip. Tekniktunga branscher som främst sysselsätter män som anställda får majoriteten av demedel som delas ut för att stödja och utveckla innovativa processer . I Halland är Hälsoteknik etts.k. prioriterat tillväxtområde och därmed mottagare av dessa medel. Hälsoteknik har somområde en potential att vara gränsöverskridande då det sammanför mansdominerade branschermed könsbalanserade och kvinnodominerade branscher. Uppsatsen studerar om tillväxtområdetoch innovationssystemet hälsoteknik utmanar de dualistiska genuskonstruktioner som forskningvisat att den svenska innovationspolitiken bygger på, samt visar på genusperspektivets relevans iatt synliggöra obalanser i strukturer som kan verka tillväxthämmande.

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    Hälsoteknik
  • 49.
    Carlsson, Julia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Borås, Sverige.
    Svensson, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Digitaliserat ekonomiskt bistånd – Konstruktioner av ”nya” relationer inom socialtjänsten2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport syftar till att belysa om, och i så fall hur, klienters tillgång till välfärdsservice förändras vid användningen av digitala verktyg inom socialtjänsten. Forskningsfrågan som guidar studien är: hur påverkas relationen mellan socialsekreterare och klient av införandet av digitala verktyg inom ekonomiskt bistånd?

    I studien undersöks socialsekreterares uppfattningar om sin relation till klienter i tre olika kommuner. Genom ett urval av tre kommuner som kommit olika långt i sitt digitaliseringsarbete öppnar studien upp för en jämförelse mellan socialsekreterarnas beskrivningar. I jämförelsen uppmärksammas skillnader mellan beskrivningar av relationen mellan socialsekreterare och klient. Genom att studera skillnader synliggörs om, och i så fall hur, digitala verktyg har en inverkan på relationen mellan socialsekreterare och klient.

    Valet att ställa relationen i fokus i studien grundar sig på att tidigare forskning pekar på att relationen mellan ”det offentliga” och invånare är central för invånares tillgång till välfärdsservice och förutsättning för offentligt stöd. I förlängningen blir därigenom studien en grund för att diskutera om och hur klienters tillgång till ekonomiskt bistånd förändras vid introduktionen av digitala verktyg och huruvida det finns en risk för ett digitalt utanförskap.

    Resultatet från studien visar att den arbetsdelning som följer av en digitalisering kan påverka till en ökad distans mellan socialsekreterare och klientklienter och att det med digitalisering följer en retorik som handlar om att mer ansvar bör läggas på enskilda medborgare. Det kan för den enskilda klienten leda till ett ökat ansvar över att driva det egna ärendet i relation till myndigheten och därigenom försämra klienters tillgång till välfärdsservice för klienter. Dock behöver inte så vara fallet. Studiens resultat visar samtidigt att socialsekreterare och ekonomisekreterare till stor del betraktar de digitala verktygen som ett komplement, som breddar tillgängligheten och att medvetenheten om risker för ett digitalt utanförskap ger en lyhördhet inför om klienter har behov av stöd. Med andra ord visar studien hur socialsekreterare och/eller ekonomisekreterare arbetar för att kompensera för teknikens brister.

  • 50.
    Cavalli, Camilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Jozic, Dajana
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Vem bär ansvaret för smittspridningen av covid-19?: En studie gällande debatten om vilken aktör som tillskrivs ansvaret för smittspridningen av covid-19, i svensk dagspress från mars 2020 - mars 20212021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing and global. A difficult situation affecting health and economy in all parts of the world. The need for and demand of accurate, trustworthy and efficient communication has never been more important. Understanding the importance and impact that media has when it comes to conveying their messages to various target groups is critical. The ability of individuals taking responsibility for implementing political ambitions depends entirely on communication.

    The time period chosen was March 2020 to March 2021. The purpose of this study is to examine the debate on whether there has been a shift of responsibility from individuals to the government, when it comes to managing the spread of COVID-19.

    It specifically focusses on the media’s role and responsibility in conveying fact-based messages for a desired shift towards more individual responsibility in reducing the spread of the pandemic. Debate articles and editorials were the main research base in determining if a shift has taken place or not.

    The study combines quantitative and qualitative techniques by examining COVID-19 issues in five Swedish newspapers. The research was condensed to in depth studies of 54 articles. Focusing on three keywords, namely: covid, corona and spread, both quantitative and qualitative conclusions could be made.

    In conclusion, it is not possible to draw any general assumption to whether there has occurred a shift of responsibility or not.

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