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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Rosenqvist, Michelle
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    7 LEDARE I FASTIGHETSMÄKLARBRANSCHENS SYN PÅ, OCH HANTERING AV, FASTIGHETSMÄKLARES GRÄNSLÖSA ARBETSFÖRHÅLLANDEN.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get an idea of ​​how the leaders in the real estate industry perceive and manage boundless working conditions. Questions that were answered were how the leaders in the service influence and control the employees' working conditions. Also how the communication strategies are designed to facilitate the work towards common goals, when tasks are not limited to the workplace. The study examine if boundless working conditions is characterized by unspoken expectations. Based on the current view, seven interviews were conducted with leaders from six organizations in the real estate brokerage. The results showed that the industry is controlled by few limits and that leaders use different strategies to maximize performance and wellbeing. It is a commission-based industry in which all work is according to individual performance where results are measured before the time spent at work. By explicit strategies of working and labor leaders are trying to reduce inequalities, and so they try to also reduce the scope of the psychological contract in certain aspects.

  • 2.
    Ahlström, Christian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Gymnasieelevers syn på feedback i skolämnet idrott & hälsa2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur gymnasieelever vill få feedback i ämnet idrott & hälsa, om positiv feedback från idrottsläraren upplevs som gynnande för elevernas motivation samt att undersöka om motivationsklimatet upplevs som uppgiftsorienterat eller självorienterat av eleverna. I studien deltog 8 gymnasielever (4 pojkar, 4 flickor) i åldern 16 år. Semistrukturerade intervjuguider användes under intervjuerna som genomfördes på neutrala platser. Informanterna ville få positiv feedback samt instruktiv feedback. Positiv feedback upplevdes som gynnande för informanternas motivation. De upplevde även uppmuntran som gynnande för motivationen. Såväl uppgiftsorienterat som självorienterat motivationsklimat rådde. Däremot upplevdes idrottsläraren ha ett uppgiftsorienterat förhållningssätt. Informanternas svar kunde relateras till såväl Self determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) som Achievement goal theory (Nicholls, 1989). Enligt studien bör idrottsläraren i större utsträckning vara inriktad på positiv, uppmuntrande, instruerande och konstruktiv feedback än negativ feedback samt ha ett uppgiftsorienterat förhållningssätt.

  • 3.
    Alfermann, D.
    et al.
    Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). The P.F. Lesgaft State Academy, St Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Zemaityte, A.
    University of Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania & Department of Pyschology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.
    Reactions to sport career termination: A cross-national comparison of German, Lithuanian, and Russian athletes2004Inngår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 61-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioural consequences of sport career termination of national and international level athletes in three nations.

    Design and methods: Athletes of Germany (n=88), Lithuania (n=65), and Russia (n=101) were asked to describe in retrospect their reactions to career termination. The Athletic Retirement Questionnaire developed by the first two authors and presented in three corresponding languages was used. Planning of retirement and national identity served as independent variables. Dependent variables were reasons and circumstances for career termination, participants’ emotional reactions, coping reactions, athletic identity during and after sport career, and adjustment to life after career termination.

    Results: Analyses of variance revealed significant main effects of retirement planning and national identity on most dependent variables. Planning of retirement contributed to significantly better cognitive, emotional, and behavioural adaptation. In addition, high athletic identity contributed to less positive reactions to retirement and to more problems in the adaptation process. The emotional reactions of Russian and Lithuanian athletes were similar, but differed from the German athletes who, in general, showed more positive and lesser negative emotions after retirement. Though accepting the reality of retirement was the most often used coping strategy among all participants, Lithuanian athletes showed more denial and Russian athletes more distraction strategies after retirement than the other nations.

    Discussion: The results are discussed with regard to athletes’ readiness for career transition in different social and cultural environments. Recommendations are given on how to help athletes to prepare for and to cope with career termination. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Alfermann, Dorothee
    et al.
    Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    Zemaityte, Aiste
    University of Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Causes and consequences of career termination: A comparison of German, Russian and Lithuanian athletes2001Inngår i: International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) 10th World Congress of Sport Psychology: organized by Democritus University of Thrace, University of Thessaly, Hellenic Society of Sport Psychology : in the dawn of the new millennium : May 28-June 2, 2001, Skiathos, Hellas : programme and proceedings: vol. 4 / [ed] Athanasios Papaioannou, Marios Goudas, Yannis Theodorakis, Thessaloniki, Greece: Christodoulidi Publications , 2001, s. 26-28Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Alm, Rasmus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Cassel, Philip
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevda kompetens av mental träning ur ett tränar filosofiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevd kompetens inom mental träning ifrån ett tränarfilosofiskt perspektiv. För att undersöka syftet användes tre frågeställningar: (1) Hur prioriterar svenska tennistränare mentala förberedelser jämfört med fysiska, taktiska och tekniska förberedelser? (2) Vilka erfarenheter har svenska tennistränare av mental träning? (3) Vilken upplevd kompetens av mental träning finns hos svenska tennistränare? Deltagarna i studien var 13 (M-ålder=31,5, SD-ålder=9,8) män som var tennistränare inom Västra Götaland. En semi-strukturerad intervjuguide konstruerades med fyra huvudsakliga temaområden tränarfilosofi, erfarenhet av mental träning, kompetens av mental träning och utveckling av mental träning. Resultatet visade att: (1) svenska tennistränare anser att mental träning är viktigt inom tennis men prioriterar inte det i deras tränarfilosofi (2) svenska tennistränarna har erfarenhet av mental träning genom att använda det på banan för sina spelare samt ifrån sina egna tenniskarriärer (3) tränarna upplever att de har låg eller ingen kompetens av mental träning samt att tränarna önskar att få mer kompetens. Slutsatsen från studien är att mental träning är något som svenska tennistränarna anser är viktigt men tränarna har för lite erfarenhet och låg kompetens i deras tränarroll.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Dafteke, Sanna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Det hälsofrämjande ledarskapets samband med medarbetarnas välbefinnande inom hälso- och sjukvården2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att se om det finns ett samband mellan hälsofrämjande ledarskap och medarbetarnas välbefinnande. Hypotesen lyder att enligt kunskap inom området kan ett hälsofrämjande ledarskap medföra ett högt välbefinnande hos medarbetarna. Studien är genomförd med kvantitativ metod med hjälp av en enkätundersökning. Deltagarna i studien bestod av 63 medarbetare från hälso- och sjukvården i södra Sverige. Resultatet visar att det finns ett positivt samband mellan hälsofrämjande ledarskap och medarbetarnas välbefinnande på den undersökta arbetsplatsen. Resultatet är i linje med tidigare forskning om positiv korrelation mellan hälsofrämjande ledarskap och medarbetarnas välbefinnande. Framtida forskning bör fokusera på att tydliggöra sambandet mellan hälsofrämjande ledarskap och välbefinnande hos medarbetare för att få ytterligare förståelse för sambandet.

  • 7.
    Armbäck, Alexander
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Bihorac, Samir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Utvecklingssamtal i arbetslivet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to gain knowledge about the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization, and how a company uses it. The focus was on four different themes, purpose of the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization, planning, execution and content, feedback. The sample consisted of six people, three employees and three managers of the company. The interviews were conducted by an interview guide, one for the employees and one for the managers. The results of the interviews showed that the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization was used by managers to make all employees to strive in the same direction, an opportunity for employees to reconcile how their work performance is perceived by their managers, the use of a preparation model differs between managers and feedback was important. In the discussion, the authors analysed the four themes and compared them to previous research.

  • 8.
    Ax, Rasmus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Hjalmarsson, Tony
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Stress, Stressreaktioner och Copingstrategier hos Elitgolfare: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka: (1) vilka stressorer som elitgolfare exponeras för; (2) hur elitgolfare reagerar på stress samt (3) hur elitgolfare hanterar stress som uppkommer. Totalt deltog tio elitgolfare i studien, av vilka fem var kvinnor och fem var män. En semistrukturerad intervjuguide användes under personliga intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet som framkom i denna studie ligger huvudsakligen i linje med den tidigare forskningen som har gjorts inom området där stressreaktioner såsom nedstämdhet och frustration var frekvent förekommande bland elitgolfarna. Vidare visade resultatet att de flesta elitgolfare som deltog i studien använde sig av två olika former av copingstrategier. Emotionsfokuserad coping där bland annat acceptans var förekommande och problemfokuserad coping där målorienterad fokusering förekom mest frekvent. De mest förekommande stressorer som elitgolfarna belyste var egna förväntningar, omgivningens förväntningar samt undermåliga förberedelser inför en tävling.  

  • 9.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Career barriers in the National Hockey League: An inductive thematic analysis of first-hand data from Canadian professional ice hockey players2016Inngår i: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of the study were: (a) to examine the Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) players’ internal and external barriers associated with the demands at each NHL career stage and status together with across-career barriers, and (b) to feature the Canadian NHL players’ barriers in the empirical career model. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees agreed to participate in conversational interviews before their transcripts underwent an interpretive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects face draft year pressure and team camp anxiety. Rookies and sophomores deal with insecurity with teammates and roster spot uncertainty. Prime veterans have to manage ruminating over missed chances while seasoned veterans struggled with social connections. Across career stages and statuses, NHL players deal with career threatening injuries and conflicts with head coach. After discussing how these results contribute to the empirical career model of Canadian NHL players and also extend the career transition and maladaptation literatures, delimitations and future directions are proposed for sport psychology researchers.

  • 10.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Career barriers in the National Hockey League: An inductive thematic analysis of first-hand data from Canadian professional ice-hockeyplayers2019Inngår i: International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 448-468Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of the study were: (a) to examine the Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) players’ internal and external barriers associated with the demands at each NHL career stage and status together with across-career barriers, and (b) to feature the Canadian NHL players’ barriers in the empirical career model. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees agreed to participate in conversational interviews before their transcripts underwent an interpretive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects face draft year pressure and team camp anxiety. Rookies and sophomores deal with insecurity with teammates and roster spot uncertainty. Prime veterans have to manage ruminating over missed chances while seasoned veterans struggled with social connections. Across career stages and statuses, NHL players deal with career threatening injuries and conflicts with head coach. After discussing how these results contribute to the empirical career model of Canadian NHL players and also extend the career transition and maladaptation literatures, delimitations and future directions are proposed for sport psychology researchers. © 2015 International Journal of Sport Psychology

  • 11.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Coping strategies and resources in the National Hockey League: An inductive thematic analysis with Canadian professional ice-hockey players2017Inngår i: Conference Abstracts: 32nd Annual Conference AASP2017, Orlando, FL, October 18-21, Indianapolis: Association for Applied Sport Psychology , 2017, s. 17-18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Canadian ice-hockey players must overcome numerous stressors throughout their National Hockey  League (NHL) careers. Though sport psychology researchers have conducted preliminary studies, theoretical restrictions, small participant numbers, and the use of a structured interview guide have limited breadth of knowledge. Our authors constructed a comprehensive empirical career model by eliciting 23 Canadian NHL players. The intent in the presentation is to feature the stressors, barriers, coping strategies and resources utilised at each status and career stage. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees agreed to participate in conversational interviews before their transcripts underwent an interpretive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects seeking to gain entry into the NHL needed (a) realistic expectations of draft pressures, (b) training camp expectations, (c) identify the team’s needs, and (d) if demoted, readjust their expectations. Rookies developing  as NHL p layers needed a high compete level when called-up while sophomores developed by (a) knowing their opponents, (b) generating role player production, and (c) made friendships. Veterans seeking to be All-Stars coped by (a) practicing scoring and creating scoring chances, and (b) showing Stanley Cup determination. Seasoned veterans extended their careers by preserving their physique. The authors will discuss the practical applications for sport psychology consultants tasked with ensuring that professional ice-hockey players move effectively through career transitions including entering the NHL, developing as an NHL players, reaching the NHL elite, and maintaining NHL play involvement. The authors will also speak about teammates, coaches, and support staff hoping to be effective resources to their players’ career progression. © 2017 by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology 

  • 12.
    Battochio, Randy
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Coping resources and strategies of Canadian ice-hockey players: An empirical National Hockey League career model2019Inngår i: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 726-737Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport psychology researchers have studied careers of Canadian ice hockey players in the National Hockey League (NHL) and devised an empirical NHL career model (Authors, 2015; in press). The model was comprised of career stages, statuses, demands and barriers to career progression without any indication of coping. The intent in the present article is to feature coping resources and strategies utilized by players during each status and career stage within the empirical model. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees participated in conversational interviews and the data underwent a deductive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects seeking to gain entry into the NHL set controllable expectations rather than playing to impress coaches and staff. Most prospects played in the minor leagues where they adjusted their expectations to accept roles that they were likely to have during an NHL call-up. The career stage of developing as an NHL player was about rookies producing immediately in their role while holding off internal competition for their roster spot. In the same stage, sophomores were in their second full NHL season and they studied their opponents to avoid the sophomore slump. The stage of reaching the NHL elite involved constant pressure for point production and winning playoff games. The final stage was about seasoned veterans maintaining NHL play involvement by preserving their physique despite being worn down from long careers in a contact sport. The authors will discuss the significance of the model for sport psychology researchers and practitioners, and NHL stakeholders. © The Author(s) 2019.

  • 13.
    Becker-Larsen, Astrid
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    “Organizing for Excellence”: Stress-Recovery States in the Danish National Orienteering Team during a Training Camp and the 2015 World Championship2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Sports Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 8, s. 87-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Elite athletes push themselves physically and psychologically to their limits in order to develop as athletes and to deliver top performances. To succeed, the athletes must manage their energy. This is particularly important in the periods of high demand on the athletes’ resources (Kellmann, Altenburg, Lormes, & Steinacker, 2001). These include training camps and competitions, because such events are generally intense and likely to induce increased stress, and their schedules often do not allow sufficient time for recovery (Elbe & Kellmann, 2007; Foster, Snyder, & Welsh, 1999). In 2015, the Danish national orienteering coach decided, as a new initiative, to include a three-week training camp in their preparation for the World Championship. The coach was aware that such a long period of intense focus on orienteering would require efficient energy management in the athletes. Therefore, the coach supported the research team in this study aimed at monitoring the athletes’ stress-recovery states during the preparatory camp and the World Championship, with further exploration of the athletes’ perceived sources of stress and recovery during the same period. From a research perspective, the present study is exclusive because of monitoring world-class athlete-participants during their preparation and participation in their most important event. From an applied perspective, searching for efficient processes for energy management during long-term training camps and competitions might become a frontier for improvement of athletes’ preparation and performance.

  • 14.
    Becker-Larsen, Astrid
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    "Organizing for excellence": stress-recovery states in the Danish national orienteering team during a training camp and the 2015 World Championship2017Inngår i: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, s. 639-640Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Elite level athletes are under considerable pressure to perform, why energy management is a natural part of the life of elite athletes. Energy management is particularly important during periods of high demand on their resources, such as during training camps and competitions, which are often intense and do not allow sufficient time for recovery. Research on recovery has mainly focused on individual physical and physiological strategies. In the 2015 World Championship, the Danish national orienteering team was the best nation, winning four gold medals. In the present study we examined: (a) the stress-recovery states of the Danish orienteers during a three-week preparatory training camp and the following 2015 World Championship, and (b) their perceived sources of stress and recovery during the two events. The study was designed as mixed-method with the RESTQ-sport questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, and a coach’s journal as the data sources used longitudinally during the camp and the championship. Results revealed: (a) well-balanced stress-recovery states among all athletes during the entire period; and (b) perceived sources of stress and recovery classified into organizational, social, personal, and athletic. The athletes themselves stated that their well-balanced stress-recovery states positively affected their learning, well-being, and performance. The organizational strategies played a key role in reducing athletes’ unnecessary stress and in facilitating individual recovery. We suggest that “organizing for excellence”, keeping in mind athletes' energy management, is a special task for coaches and managers when preparing for camps and competitions. 

  • 15.
    Bengtsson, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Holmgren, Nicklas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Mindfulness och dess samband med psykologiska färdigheter hos idrottare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att empiriskt undersöka en teoretisk modell för samband mellan mindfulness och psykologiska färdigheter hos idrottare (Birrer, Röthlin & Morgan 2012) genom att (1) undersöka samband mellan mindfulness och sex påverkansmekanismer samt (2) samband mellan fem aspekter av mindfulness och dessa påverkansmekanismer. De påverkansmekanismer som undersökes var emotionsreglering, klarsynthet, kognitiv acceptans, ältande, flexibilitet och non-attachment. De aspekter av mindfulness som undersöktes var icke-reaktivitet, observerande, beskrivande, agera medvetet och icke-dömande. I studien deltog 82 tävlande idrottare från idrottsföreningar i sydvästra Sverige. Medelåldern var 22,01 år (SD = 4.32) varav 24 kvinnor och 58 män. Frågeformuläret som användes i studien bestod av en sammansatt enkät innehållande sex olika skalor med syfte att mäta mindfulness samt sex påverkansmekanismer. Resultaten visade signifikanta samband mellan självskattad mindfulness och samtliga sex påverkansmekanismer. Regressionsanalys visade att mindfulness var en signifikant prediktor till samtliga påverkansmekanismer. Multipel regressionsanalys visade att aspekten icke-dömande visade sig vara signifikant prediktor för flest påverkansmekanismer och att aspekten observera inte var signifikant prediktor för någon av de sex påverkansmekanismerna. Resultaten diskuterades utifrån teoretiska referensramar och tidigare forskning.

  • 16.
    Bengtsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Carlsson, Lina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Arbetstillfredsställelse och motivation hos förskollärare: grunden för ett kvalitativt arbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse hur förskollärare motiveras till sitt arbete. Vilka faktorer ökar respektive minskar motivation på arbetsplatsen, samt vilken betydelse har arbetets utformande för motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse? Studien utgår ifrån Herzberg (1993) tvåfaktors teori kring motivation samt Hackman och Oldmans The Job Characteristics Model (Robbins & Judge, 2007) som förklarar att arbetets upplägg kan ses som grund för hur motiverad personal är. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ ansats utifrån semistrukturerade intervjuer. Sex stycken förskollärare har intervjuats kring upplevelsen huruvida arbetstillfredsställelse och motivation infinner sig. Resultat visar att som en primär grund till arbetsstillfredsställelse ligger goda relationer till arbetskamraterna. Resultat visar även att barnens utveckling ligger som en grund gentemot hur intervjupersonerna motiveras i sin yrkesroll. Barnens utveckling samt det sociala stödet motiverar intervjupersonerna till fortsatt ansträngning och därmed till att stanna kvar på sin arbetsplats. Förutom positiva faktorer visar resultat på hämmande faktorer hos motivation. Så som för lite tid till planering samt för lite pedagogiska diskussioner. Vidare anser intervjupersonerna att för mycket ansvar och höga krav i förhållande till de resurser de har att tillhandahålla hämmar. Resultaten har bearbetats utefter Herzbergs (1993) tvåfaktorsteori rörande motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse. Arbetets utformande har bearbetats utifrån Hackman och Oldmans (Robbins & Judge, 2007) teori.

  • 17.
    Bonhomme, Justin
    et al.
    School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Seanor, Michelle
    Human Studies Program, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    The career trajectories of two world champion boxers: interpretive thematic analysis of media stories2018Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Athlete development can be described through transitions that mark turning phases throughout athletes’ careers. Our authors explored media data to unpack the career developments of two prominent world champion boxers from their early lives to world championship status. Employing thematic analysis, five themes were identified: (1) weathering hardships of early life (subthemes: the rough life of an innercity kid; abject poverty in war-torn Philippines), (2) entry into sport (subthemes: groomed to fight; boxing to escape poverty), (3) amateur experience (subthemes: Olympic medallist en route to the pros; struggling amateur with dreams of greatness), (4) launching a professional career (impressive American prospect; a charismatic unpolished slugger) and (5) capturing a world title (subthemes: the much-anticipated world champion; the unexpected world champion). This exploration augments our understanding of how two worldrenowned boxers’ career developments were represented through sport media and interpreted by the researchers, suggesting parallel pathways for future career boxers and those who work with them. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 18.
    Book, Robert T.
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Empowering young athletesagainst the odds: Successful talent development environment in underserved communities.2019Inngår i: Abstract book of the 15th European Congress of Sport and Exercise Psychology / [ed] B. Strauss et al., Muenster, Germany, 2019, s. 321-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Borgebäck, Tom
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Sundell, Christoffer
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Visualiseringsanvändandet hos styrketränande män2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har kvalitativt undersökt följande syfte: (1) att undersöka frivilligt- och spontant visualiseringsanvändande hos styrketränande män utifrån faktorerna; var/när visualiseringen sker, vad visualiseringen innehåller, varför visualisering används, hur visualiseringen används och vilken upplevd effekt visualiseringen ger. I studien deltog 10 styrketränande män som var 19-26 år gamla. Individuella profilen för visualiseringsupplevelser i idrott (eng; Individual profile of imagery experiences in sport (IPIES; Weibull, 2008) modifierades och användes för att besvara studiens syfte.  Det fanns både skillnader och likheter i när, vad, varför, hur och effekten av visualiseringen upplevdes och användes. Resultaten visade att det frivilliga visualiseringsanvändandet var störst innan träning, den frivilliga visualiseringen återfanns även i sammanhang under och efter men inte i lika stor grad. Den spontana visualiseringen var svår för deltagarna att medvetenhetsgöra och därför svårt att dra slutsatser ifrån. Innan träning var det främst fokus på motivation men även teknik och dessa kombinerades. Under träning verkade huvudfokus ligga främst på teknik. Efter träning låg huvudfokus på att analysera träningen som varit. Innan och under träning var individernas upplevda effekt positiva och de upplevde främst ökad motivation. Efter träning upplevdes teknikförbättringar som effekt. Den spontana visualiseringen visade sig inte ge några speciella effekter. Resultatet diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning.

  • 20.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Slawomir, Nowaczyk
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Elmer, Marcus
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lodin, Johan
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Learning of Aggregate Features for Comparing Drivers Based on Naturalistic Data2016Inngår i: Proceedings: 2016 15th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA) / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, s. 1067-1072Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fuel used by heavy duty trucks is a major cost for logistics companies, and therefore improvements in this area are highly desired. Many of the factors that influence fuel consumption, such as the road type, vehicle configuration or external environment, are difficult to influence. One of the most under-explored ways to lower the costs is training and incentivizing drivers. However, today it is difficult to measure driver performance in a comprehensive way outside of controlled, experimental setting.

    This paper proposes a machine learning methodology for quantifying and qualifying driver performance, with respect to fuel consumption, that is suitable for naturalistic driving situations. The approach is a knowledge-based feature extraction technique, constructing a normalizing fuel consumption value denoted Fuel under Predefined Conditions (FPC), which captures the effect of factors that are relevant but are not measured directly.

    The FPC, together with information available from truck sensors, is then compared against the actual fuel used on a given road segment, quantifying the effects associated with driver behavior or other variables of interest. We show that raw fuel consumption is a biased measure of driver performance, being heavily influenced by other factors such as high load or adversary weather conditions, and that using FPC leads to more accurate results. In this paper we also show evaluation the proposed method using large-scale, real-world, naturalistic database of heavy-duty vehicle operation.

  • 21.
    Chan, Derwin K. C.
    et al.
    University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong & Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hagger, Martin S.
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Inter-Item Distance Changes the Predictive Power of Motivation on Health Behavior?: A Randomised Controlled Trial2016Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 23, nr Suppl. 1, s. S237-S237, artikkel-id O730Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Cruz, Jaume
    et al.
    Autonomous Univeristy of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Garcia-Mas, Alexandre
    Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Illes Balears, Spanien.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lucidi, Fabio
    University of La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Márquez, Sara
    University of León, León, Spain.
    Reyes, Santiago
    ONECO.
    Serpa, Sidonio
    University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Jaenes, Jose Carlos
    University Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain.
    PsyTool design and theoretical background2017Inngår i: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, s. 212-212Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PsyTool is a European project, funded by Erasmus+ Sport Programme, led by the Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Sevilla, Spain). It brings together 13 partners from Spain, Portugal, Italy, United Kingdom and Sweden, running from January 2016 to December 2017. PsyTool is based theoretically on the concept of youth development through the practice of sport in positive and safe environments. The central idea is that this type of practice leads to a psychological wellbeing in all areas of personal development of athletes. Through sport programs that are free of bullying; zero permissiveness towards substance use; low acceptance of gamemanship and cheating, and at the same time promoters of fair play and clean competition, young athletes are more likely to increase their psychological well-being while they practice the sport to their best level of capacity. One of the most important assets of PsyTool is the formation of Agents of Change as inductors of this well-being promoter environment, according to their different responsibilities, from the politics to grassroot coaching. The AoCs’ selection, training and certification is one of the key points of this program. This so-called “targeted snowball” approach is expected to produce a spreading impact on the young athletes, which can be evaluated in the short and medium term, depending of the nature of the different AoCs. Coming form this design and theoretical background, this program –once the results have been analyzed- has to lead to a more ambitious development both in its scope and on the educational methods involved with.

  • 23.
    Defruyt, Simon
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Wylleman, Paul
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    De Brandt, Koen
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Linnér, Lukas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Helping dual career athletes to recover from injury: a dual career support providers’ (DCSPs’) perspective2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    The combination of elite sport and study, called a dual career (DC), can be challenging for athletes. DC Athletes can encounter co-occurring challenges at different domains of development (athletic, psychological, psychosocial, educational/vocational and financial) (Wylleman & Lavallee, 2004). In this challenging period and environment, the burden of an injury is likely to be stressful for DC athletes. Although previous research have looked at how sports stakeholders can support the athletes within the athletic domain, no research up to our knowledge addressed how elite athletes can be supported holistically (i.e. in the different domains of development) outside of the club context. Therefore, current research aimed at gathering good practices of holistic support for DC athletes from a dual career support provider (DCSP) perspective.

    Methods

    Within the ‘Gold in education and Elite Sport’ (GEES) project, co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union, focus groups were conducted with a selection of DCSPs. As inclusion criterion for the participants, a DCSP was defined as: ‘a professional consultant, related to an educational institute and/or an elite sport organization – or certified by one of those – that provides support to elite athletes in view of optimizing their DC (combination of elite sport and education).’ One focus group in Sweden with six DCSPs and two focus groups in Belgium with two and three DCSPs were held. Using a phenomenological approach, participants were asked to share their methods used to holistically support DC athletes in coping with an injury.

    Results

    Five main themes of support emerged from the DCSPs discussions: a) practical support (e.g. support with transport problems if necessary), b) emotional support (e.g. empathic listening), c) reframing the injury in a holistic perspective (e.g. athletes will have more time for studies and family), d) empowerment of self-regulation competences (e.g. encourage the use of a recovery agenda), e) multidisciplinary and multi-organizations’ cooperation (e.g. structural meetings between different DC stakeholders).

    Conclusion

    Findings underscore the importance of a developmental and empowering approach in holistically supporting DC athletes to recover from an injury. Moreover, the cooperation between stakeholders in a DC support environment is crucial for an optimal recovery. Future research and practice could use current findings to develop injury recovery programs in a DC setting.

    References

    Wylleman P, Lavallee D. (2004). A Developmental Perspective on Transitions Faced by Athletes. In M Weis (Ed.), Developmental sport psychology. Morgantown, WV: Fitness International Technology.

  • 24.
    Diehl, Robert
    et al.
    Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Poczwardowski, Artur
    University of Denver, Denver, CO, USA.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    O’Neil, Adam
    Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
    Haberl, Peter
    United States Olympic Committee, Sport Performance Division, Colorado Spring, CO, USA.
    Transitioning to and thriving at the Olympic Training Center, Colorado Springs: Phases of an adaptive transition2019Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was focused on the process of an adaptive transition to the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, CO (further – the OTC) and guided by the research question: What were the dynamic transition experiences of elite resident-athletes that constituted their successful transition to the OTC? A retreatment of Poczwardowski, Diehl, O’Neil, Cote, & Haberl’s (2014) semi-structured interviews with six accomplished resident-athletes was conducted through the lens of the athletic career transition model (Stambulova, 2003) to propose a temporally based Transition to the OTC (further – the TOTC) empirical framework. The TOTC describes the successful transition as having four phases – preparation, assimilation, adaptation, and thriving – involving the dynamic interactions between the resident-athletes and the OTC programs/staff influencing the perceived transition challenges, barriers, resources, coping strategies, and outcomes throughout the four phases. Based on the TOTC, future research on the transitioning to residential training centers is outlined, and practical applications for the OTC staff, coaches, and sport psychologists (e.g., developmentally relevant intake protocols, strengths-based interventions, and orientation materials) are proposed.

  • 25.
    Edvardsson, Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    Skadeprevention genom kognitiv beteendeträning för unga fotbollsspelare med hjälp av biofeedback.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det positiva sambandet mellan stress och idrottsskador är väl dokumenterat i litteraturen. Ett ökat antal psykologiska skadeförebyggande interventioner visar att det är möjligt att förebygga idrottsskador genom kognitiv beteendeträning. Användandet av biofeedback tillsammans med kognitiv beteendeträning i skadeförebyggande syfte är dock en relativt outforskad interventionsstrategi (Johnson, 2007). Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det genom interventionsbaserad kognitiv beteendeträning i kombination med biofeedbackanvändning gick att minska antalet idrottsskador för fotbollsspelare. Deltagare ifrån fyra idrottsgymnasier (16-19 år) delades in i en experimentgrupp (n=13) och en kontrollgrupp (n=14). Deltagarna fick fylla i tre enkäter (SAS, LESCA och ACSI-28) vid en förmätning. Ett MANOVA test att visade de två grupperna inte skilde sig signifikant vid förmätningen. Experimentgruppen genomgick en 9-veckors interventionsperiod bestående av 7 sessioner innehållande: somatisk avslappning, dagbok för kritiska händelser, tankestopp, emotions/problem fokuserad coping, målsättning och biofeedbackträning. Ett Mann- Whitney U test visade en tendens till signifikant skillnad mellan kontroll och experimentgrupp U (n1 = 13, n2 = 14) = 51.00, p < .054, där experimentgruppen drabbades av färre idrottsskador jämfört med kontrollgruppen. Resultatet ifrån studien diskuteras främst ur ett psykologiskt perspektiv och förslag på framtida forskning inom området ges.

  • 26.
    Ekengren, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Caught in the Trap of Trying to Repeat Success. Sport Psychology Support for the Swedish Men’s Handball Team in the Rio de Janeiro Olympics2020Inngår i: Mindfulness and Acceptance in Sport: How to Help Athletes Perform and Thrive under Pressure / [ed] Kristoffer Henriksen, Jakob Hansen, Carsten Hvid Larsen, New York: Routledge, 2020, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    From career initiation to discontinuation: an empirical career model of Swedish handball players2017Inngår i: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, s. 190-191Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral project was inspired by a set of challenges articulated in the cultural praxis of athletes’ careers paradigm (Stambulova & Ryba, 2013), and especially in regard of contextualizing career research and existing ‘general’ frameworks. Innovative aspects of this study consisted of: (a) exploring career experiences of Swedish handball players with foci on stages and transitions in their athletic and non-athletic development, and (b) consolidating the players’ first-hand data into an empirical career model of Swedish handball players (further – the empirical model). The holistic athletic career model (Wylleman, Reints & De Knop, 2013) served as a prototype for the empirical model and was useful in structuring the players’ career experiences. Eighteen elite Swedish handball players (retiring or just recently retired) took part in narrative type interviews about their whole careers with an interest in both athletic and non-athletic developments. Thematic analysis initially took a deductive turn to identify the handball career structure, and then the empirical data relevant to each stage/sub-stage were analysed inductively to identify themes describing players’ career experiences at each stage. Finally, the themes were incorporated into the stage-like structure, and the empirical model was completed. The model describes careers of Swedish handball players as having four stages – initiation, development (with three sub-stages), mastery (with four sub-stages), and discontinuation. It also contains eight layers – athletic categorisation in terms of age, pathways of the Swedish Handball Federation, academic/vocational, psychological, psychosocial, and financial developments – all aligned with age markers and complemented by sets of themes describing players’ stage-by-stage career experiences from the holistic perspective. Further in the project the empirical model will be used to create the ‘whole career’ psychological support system for Swedish handball players.

  • 28.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    No rest for the weary: Swedish elite handball players’ perceived demands in the transition to the national team2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 31-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Athletes have to pay a price to make their dream true, and for many this dream is to become professional and play in the national team (NT). Playing in the NT is often seen as the pinnacle of an athletic career but also as a period when athletes experience new demands due to their dual responsibility of playing in the club and in the NT. This dual responsibility brings additional performance demands, increased workload, extended travelling, many days away from home, etc., and in a combination with too little recovery, and various role conflicts leads to a stressful living. The transition to the NT can be classified as a quasi-normative (Stambulova, 2016) that is relevant only to elite level athletes. Challenging nature of this transition in a combination with its personal and social significance might put players at risk of poor coping and mental health problems (Frank, Nixdorf, & Beckmann, 2015; Stambulova & Wylleman, 2014; Stambulova 2017).

     Aim and theoretical framework: The transition to the NT was identified as a topic specific for the mastery stage of the players’ careers in the empirical career model of Swedish handball players (Ekengren, Stambulova, Johnson, & Carlsson, submitted). This model complemented by the athletic career transition model (Stambulova, 2003; 2009) served as theoretical frameworks for this study. The aim of this study was to examine Swedish elite handball players’ experiences of participating in both a professional club and the NT with a specific focus on their perceived demands.

     Method: In the narrative-type interviews 18 Swedish elite handball players (9 men, 9 women) were encouraged to talk about their careers with foci on both athletic and non-athletic development (Ekengren et al., submitted). Narratives about their experiences of playing both in professional club and the NT were extracted from a larger data set and thematically analysed (Braun, Clarke & Terry 2015).

     Results: The national team was described as a great reward for their performance efforts and achievements, but also as a burden of being time and energy consuming:

     It’s a great honour to play in the national team, and you don’t want to turn it down. But I didn’t get the recovery I required to be able to play in both. So, I had to say “no”, because it tears greatly. It wasn’t right to my club that pays my salary. (Female player 7)

     Major themes outlining the players’ perceived demands in the NT transition were:

    • it wears and tears a lot physically and psychologically” (e.g., brings higher performance demands but also leaves small time for recovery);
    • you are caught in the treadmill of recurrent events (e.g., difficult to maintain good life quality being away from family)
    • you are torn between the two team” (e.g., conflicting interests in professional and national team)
    • “you are torn between different roles” (e.g., between being the NT player and a club player, a players and a family member)

     Discussion and conclusions: The project reveals how professional athletes appraised the increasing demands when selected to the NT. On the one hand, the NT transition was seen as a reward, but on the other hand, the transition demands put players under risk of too high life stress with possible negative consequences (e.g., injuries, burnout, and depression) to follow (e.g., Ivarsson, Stambulova, & Johnson, 2016; Stambulova, 2017). Based on the research findings recommendations will be provided for psychological support of NT-players and their coaches/managers in club and federation. This will include, for example, promoting a holistic view of the players’ situation, individual recovery plans and communication skills.

  • 29.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Returning home after playing abroad: re-adaptation challenges of elite Swedish handball players2017Inngår i: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, s. 531-531Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In cultural sport psychology and athlete migration literature (Ryba, Schinke, Stambulova, & Elbe, 2017) there is a call for studying athletes’ transnational mobility and cultural transitions out of, and back to the country of origin. This call is also echoed in the cultural praxis of athletes’ careers paradigm (Stambulova & Ryba, 2013) attracting attention of career researchers. This study is aimed at exploring “back home” re- adaptation challenges of elite Swedish handball players after several years of playing professionally abroad. Eleven players (six females) were interviewed about their careers from the beginning to the end, and their narratives about the transition back to Sweden were extracted from the larger data set and thematically analysed (Braun & Clarke, 2013). Participants spent abroad for M=7.2±2.8 years, and many of them came back having families and kids. Several informants narrated that the transition was more challenging than they expected, and they (especially at the beginning) felt themselves as strangers in their own land. Five major themes describing the transition challenges were: “to rethink self-identity”, “to renew family life”, “to re- establish links with relatives and family”, “to understand local laws and regulations”, “to keep in pace with the society”. The identity issue was addressed through a sense of being “in between” the identities of the home and the foreign cultures that elevated emotional discomfort, especially at the early phase of re-adjustment. Three themes describing coping strategies used in the re-adaptation were: “don’t give up” (i.e., attempt to change own attitude and the situation to the better), “use social skills” (e.g., be alert and communicate) and “search for social support” (e.g., from a spouse and close family). Based on the findings, recommendations will be provided for pre-retirement planning of elite athletes and psychological support in their cultural transition and re-adaptation back home.

  • 30.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Svenska handbollsspelares karriär: En empirisk modell och ett psykologiskt stödsystem2015Inngår i: Program Svebi 2015, 2015, s. 25-25Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion

    Handboll har en lång tradition inom svensk idrottsrörelse och tillhör de mest populära lagidrotterna. I Sverige finns 110 000 utövare, lika många män och kvinnor, som är aktiva i landets 400 föreningar. Internationella Handbollförbundet har 190 medlemsländer och Sverige är en ledande nation inom världshandbollen med 21 medaljer i OS, VM och EM. Att satsa på en karriär som elitspelare i handboll är attraktivt. I Sverige finns ett Riksidrottsgymnasium och 38 Nationellt godkända idrottsutbildningar som kvalitetssäkras av Svenska Handbollförbundet (SHF). Det innebär att drygt 400 spelare årligen tar examen från ett elithandbollsgymnasium. Trots handbollens utbredning och popularitet finns lite kunskap om handbollskarriären, utifrån övergångar och utmaningar som aktiva ställs inför. Kunskapen är av vikt för aktiva liksom tränare, föräldrar och stödpersoner t.ex. idrottspsykologiska rådgivare. Forskningen är relevant för föreningar, förbund, gymnasier och SHF:s spelarutbildning, landslagsverksamhet och tränarutbildning. Ökad kunskap medför att fler fullföljer och optimerar sin karriär, samt stannar kvar och är välmående en längre period. Dagens idrottsforskning inom karriärområdet och aktuell studie belyser betydelsen av förklaringsmodeller som ser karriären från ett idrottsspecifikt och holistiskt kontext. Forskning som dels fångar den verksamma kulturen, dels studerar den livslånga processen och hela karriären, tillskillnad från enstaka moment.

    Syfte & teoretisk ram

    Syftet i delstudie 1 är att utifrån intervjuer med etablerade svenska landslagsspelare i handboll studera handbollskarriären och utveckla en Empirisk karriärmodell (EKM) för svenska handbollsspelare. Modellen valideras i tre separata fokusgrupper, bestående av tränare, herr- och damspelare. Syftet i delstudie 2 är att utveckla och validera ett Psykologiskt stödsystem (PSS) för svenska elithandbollsspelare. Utifrån EKM och doktorandens gedigna erfarenhet av tillämpat arbete med svenska elit- och landslagsspelare skapas ett stödsystem, som validering i fyra fokusgrupper; tränare, herr-, damspelare och idrottspsykologiska rådgivare. Utifrån diskussioner och slutsatser sammanställs PSS. Det teoretiska ramverket består av: Cultural praxis of athletes’ careers (Stambulova & Ryba, 2014), Holistic athletic career model (Wylleman, Reints & De Knop, 2013) och Athletic career transition model (Stambulova, 2003).

    Metod

    Studiens urval är strategiskt och baseras på att informanterna ska ha spelat minst 20 tävlingslandskamper på seniornivå för Sverige, de ska ha varit professionella idrottare på internationell klubbnivå i minst fem år och vara i slutet av sin karriär, alternativt ha avslutat sin idrottsliga karriär. Om idrottskarriären är avslutad ska avskedet skett inom de närmsta tre åren. Under 2015 har pilotintervju och 18 stycken narrativa intervjuer genomförts. Studien har en jämn fördelning mellan kvinnor och män. De kvinnliga informanternas ålder är mellan 28 och 34 år (M = 30,6, SD = 2,2), de manliga informanternas ålder är mellan 27 och 38 år (M = 34,4, SD = 3,1). I snitt har kvinnorna spelat 83 landskamper (SD = 36,5), männen har i snitt spelat 123 landskamper (SD = 57,3).

    Resultat och diskussion

    Analys av intervjuer pågår således är studiens resultat och diskussion under arbete. Reflektion från aktuell process är att idrottskarriären är av central betydelse och anges som det område som alltid har prioriterats högst i informanternas liv. Det finnas en tendens i att kvinnor ställs inför en komplexare tillvaro eftersom de väljer att ha uppmärksamhet på parallella områden i livet, som de därmed får hantera. Den ekonomiska verkligheten är av naturliga skäl tuffare för kvinnorna, eftersom ersättningar är markant lägre. Det är också en faktor som skapar ökad fokus på andra områden i livet, främst utbildning. Förståelsen kring det som krävs på internationell nivå, utmaningar som väntar och färdigheter som gynnar, verkar vara relativt låg innan de aktiva i studien de facto hamnar på aktuell nivå. Flera val är medvetna samtidigt som informanterna reflekterar kring att tillfälligheter och tur är återkommande faktorer i deras karriär.

  • 31.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Developing a career trainingprogramme in Swedish elite handball.2019Inngår i: Abstract book of the 15th European Congress of Sport and Exercise Psychology / [ed] B. Strauss et al., 2019, s. 319-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychological interventions with elite athletes should benefit from the developmental and preventive perspectives (Stambulova, 2016) keeping in mind the highly stressful nature of elite sports and potential threats for athletes’ mental health (Schinke, Stambulova, Si, & Moore, 2017). The authors of this presentation (2018) explored 18 Swedish professional handball players’ career experiences with foci on major stages and transitions in their athletic and non-athletic developments. The players’ information was consolidated into an empirical career model of Swedish handball players, covering several stages and layers in players’ development with relevant transitions, pathways, and themes describing content of each stage. This empirical model served a basis for planning the intervention study with professional handball players aimed at helping them to develop resources and strategies to meet elite career demands and maintain health and wellbeing. The presentation will focus on development of a career training program (CTP) for 16 professional players (age 18-35) representing an elite handball club in the South of Sweden. The CTP is structured into eight workshops with their content derived from major demands and stressors of handball players during the mastery stage of their careers. After the CTP kick off, major topics of the workshops include: professional players’ values and committed actions, training, performance, lifestyle, and recovery issues, injury prevention, the future and athletic retirement. The content of the workshops guided by a combination of concurrent and proactive approaches will include acceptance and commitment training, life skills development, pre-transition planning, monitoring assessment, and creating a personal development plan.

  • 32.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Development and validation ofcareer-long psychological support services in Swedish handball2019Inngår i: Abstract book of the 15th European Congress of Sport and Exercise Psychology / [ed] B. Strauss et al., Muenster, Germany, 2019, s. 59-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the PhD-project aimed at examining Swedish professional handball players’ career experiences and developing an applied framework to improve career assistance. Inspired by the cultural praxis of athletes’ careers (Stambulova & Ryba, 2013; 2014) we blend theory, research, and practice with the athletes’ cultural and sporting contexts. In the previous part, the author and three co-authors (2018) developed an empirical career model (ECM-H) describing players’ changing demands across career stages from the holistic perspective (Wylleman, Rosier, & De Knop, 2015) and showing that they need different types of career assistance at different stages. This second part study aims to develop and validate an applied framework – the career-long psychological support services (CLPSS). To create the initial version of the CLPSS a heuristic approach combining the ECM-H with the author’s applied sport psychology experiences was used. Then the initial version was validated in two focus groups with elite handball coaches (n=4) and experienced sport psychology consultants (n=3) following Kreuger and Casey’s (2015) recommendations. The participants were positive to the initial version and suggested several improvements. The validated CLPSS implements the whole career and whole person perspectives with the four career stages aligned with age markers and three layers of career assistance issues derived from the Swedish handball context, athletes’ perceived demands, and desirable support from relevant stakeholders (e.g., coaches, parents). The CLPSS helps to understand, what issues to address and when in a career to facilitate players’ coping, reduce unnecessary stress, and promote sustainable careers in elite handball.

  • 33.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Exploring career experiences of Swedish professional handball players: Consolidating firsthand information into an empirical career model2018Inngår i: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study was aimed at developing the empirical career model of Swedish professional handball players by means of exploring their career experiences in athletic and non-athletic developments through the lens of the holistic athletic career model. Eighteen Swedish professional handball players (nine men and nine women), who had recently terminated or were finishing their careers took part in semi-structured interviews about their careers from the beginning to the end with an interest in both athletic and non-athletic developments. Thematic analysis initially focused on identifying the handball career structure (i.e. stages and sub-stages). Then, the interviews were analysed inductively to identify shared themes in the players’ experiences relevant to each career stage. These themes were incorporated in the relevant stages, and the empirical career model of Swedish professional handball players (further – the empirical model) was finalised. The empirical model describes careers of Swedish handball players as having four athletic stages – initiation, development (with three sub-stages), mastery (with four sub-stages), and discontinuation – complemented by players’ psychological, psychosocial, academic/vocational, and financial developments. Each stage is also aligned with age markers and contains themes describing players’ career experiences from the holistic perspective. The empirical model contributes to contextualised career research and serves as a basis for developing career-long psychological support services in Swedish handball including player/coach/parent education organised by the Swedish Handball Federation.

  • 34.
    Enoksson, Marcus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindberg, David
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Åtta svenska elitfotbollsspelares syn på idrottspsykologiska rådgivare 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med studien var att undersöka elitfotbollsspelares uppfattningar kring vilka hinder och möjligheter som finns för att idrottspsykologiska rådgivare ska ges inträde i en fotbollsförening. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersöka vad som karaktäriserar en framgångsrik idrottspsykologisk rådgivare vid samarbete med elitfotbollsspelare. Populationen utgjordes av åtta svenska elitfotbollsspelare. Kriterierna för att inkluderas i studien var att deltagarna skulle tillhört en a-lagstrupp i en elitfotbollsförening (Allsvenskan och Superettan) säsongen 2015. Insamlingen av data utgick från kvalitativ ansats, genom intervjuer och analyserades utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att idrottarna påpekade fler hinder än möjligheter för att den idrottspsykologiska rådgivaren ska ges inträde i en förening, där skepticism mot idrottspsykologi nämndes som ett exempel. Gällande karaktärsdrag visade resultatet att idrottarna hade en större samsyn i förhållande till de hinder och möjligheter som framkom. Slutligen diskuterar författarna förslag på framtida forskning, metodkritik och implikationer. 

  • 35.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Linnér, Lukas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Athletic and Student Identities of Swedish Adolescent Student-Athletes: Mixed-Method Exploration2013Inngår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 153-154Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the project was to explore Swedish adolescent student-athletes’ transition to, and adaptation at, national elite sport schools (NESS) based on the holistic lifespan perspective (Wylleman & Lavallee, 2004) and career transition framework (Stambulova, 2003). Transitional variables (e.g., demands, coping strategies, personal and environmental resources,) covering student athletes’ sport, studies, and private life were studied in line with their athletic and student identities. This presentation will particularly focus on how student-athletes’ dual career experiences affect their athletic and student identities during their first year at NESS. Participants (main sample) were first year student-athletes of 15-16 years old representing different sports and 33 NESS across the country. A longitudinal mixed-method research design was implemented with the first quantitative measurement conducted in autumn (n = 261), and the second measurement in spring (n = 250). Athletic and student identities were measured using the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993) and the Student Identity Measurement Scale (SIMS; Engström & Stambulova, 2010). Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 participants from the main sample two times during the year (autumn and spring). Interview guides were structured in three parts exploring student athletes’ near past (e.g., previous experiences of combining sport, studies and private life or the dual career experiences between the two interviews), present status in the transition (e.g., demands, coping strategies, perception of themselves as students and athletes), and future expectations. The results of both quantitative and qualitative exploration of the student-athletes’ identity issue can be summarized as follows: (1) no significant changes were found in athletic and student identities between the two quantitative measurements, however, athletic identity was significantly higher than student identity in both measurements, (2) interviews confirmed that student-athletes perceived themselves to have higher athletic than student identity but also that inter-individual variations in their perceptions existed, (3) there were intra-individual differences in how student-athletes perceived their self-identities between the first and the second interview, (4) there was a clear message from the interviews that searching for an optimal balance between student and athlete roles and also between athletic and student identities was perceived as a key issue in adjusting to the dual career at NESS. The participants’ narratives will be used to illustrate the complexity of student-athletes’ perception of their athletic and student identities.

  • 36.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    A Swedish female basketball player’s junior-to-seniortransition: A narrative case study2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 32-33Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Social influences on the junior-to-senior transition in Swedish athletes: narrative case studies2017Inngår i: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, s. 124-124Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The junior-to-senior transition (JST) is decisive for athletes who want to reach the elite/professional sport level. The JST: (a) is initiated by a set of demands relevant to athletic and non-athletic development, (b) lasts between one and four years, and (c) is characterized by athletes’ high dropout rate (Bruner, Munroe-Chandler, & Spink, 2008; Franck, Stambulova, & Weibull, 2016; Stambulova, 2009). This study is a follow up of the quantitative longitudinal study of the JST in Swedish club-based athletes (Franck et al., 2016; Franck, Stambulova, & Ivarsson, in press) and aimed at further qualitative exploration of the JST process emphasizing social influences involved. Four athletes (age M = 24.2, SD = 1.5) representing tennis, swimming, football, and basketball were interviewed. They were encouraged to reflect retrospectively on their JST process using five measurement points of the longitudinal study as an aid to structure their narratives. The interviews lasted for about 90 minutes. Thematic narrative analysis (Smith, 2016) was used to identify themes related to social influences during the JST and their perceived facilitative or debilitative effects. All four JST narratives were unique, however, to structure the results the narratives were pared to represent individual vs. team sport contexts. The results revealed that the social factors facilitating the JST were shared by both sport contexts and included family support, and good relationships with coaches and peers. The debilitating social factors that worked as the JST barriers were more diverse across the sport contexts. These factors covered a lack of sponsors/financial support and the ambiguity of requirements from the sport federations in individual sports, and changes in the structure of the team and selection to a higher level team not being ready for, in team sports. All participants went through the JST, continued a few years after, and then terminated their athletic careers.

  • 38.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    The junior to senior transition: a narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes2019Inngår i: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 284-298Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are as many careers with various pathways as there are athletes, and the interest in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) stems from its particular importance for athletes’ lives when aiming for the senior elite levels of their sports (Stambulova 1994, 2009). This study is a follow-up of the quantitative longitudinal study that investigated the JST process in Swedish sport club athletes (Authors et al. 2016a, 2016b). The aim of this study was to explore two athletes’ (pseudonyms Erik, the swimmer, and Jessika, the tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the transition process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the stories were analysed using the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith 2016). The analysis provided a central storyline (performance narrative) that is similar for both athletes, and two side storylines: Erik’s effort and relationship narrative and Jessika’s injury and reorientation narrative. They shared psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating the transition process, including family, coaches and sport club environment. For Erik, the debilitating factors were the negative changes in the group and a poor relationship with the new coach. The debilitating factors that influenced Jessika’s JST were the decrease/loss of financial support and the challenge of facing younger opponents against whom she felt she shouldn’t lose when making a comeback after an injury. After the JST, both Erik and Jessika changed their tracks in life, terminated their athletic careers and focused on pursuing higher education qualifications. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 39.
    Granqvist Jönsson, Oliver
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Hur upplever Svenska soldater stress under utlandstjänst samt i övergången utlandstjänst till hemkomst?: - En kvalitativ studie med fokus på fysisk aktivitet, stress samt träningsvanor.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med föreliggande studie är att belysa soldaters upplevelser av stress under

    utlandstjänst, samt stress i övergången utlandstjänst till hemkomst med fokus på fysisk

    aktivitet och träningsvanor. Vidare var det av intresse att studera soldaters upplevelse av

    hjälp/stöd. Studien genomfördes via ett kvalitativt tillvägagångssätt utifrån två

    semistrukturerade intervjuguider och två olika intervjutillfällen. Samtliga åtta deltagare var

    män mellan 2553

    år gamla med erfarenheter från olika typer av förband samt från olika

    missioner. Utlandstjänstgöringarna utfördes i länder som Afghanistan, Bosnien och Kosovo.

    Upplevd stress under mission beskrevs som rastlöshet vid ledig tid på campen eller en oro

    inför uppdrag. Under uppdrag kunde deltagarna uppleva kumulativ stress i ovissheten att

    något kan hända dem eller kollegorna. Deltagarna gav uttryck för liknande symptom vid

    hemkomst kopplat till stress då rastlöshet under ledigheten hemma beskrev som utmanade.

    Fysisk aktivitet visade sig ha en stressreducerande effekt vid rastlöshet och oro under

    utlandstjänst samt i övergången utlandstjänst till hemkomst. Dessa fynd kopplas till en

    diskussionsdel utifrån föreskrivna referensramar, samt även förslag till framtida forskning

    och implikationer.

  • 40.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Isacson, Catarina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    ATT GE OCH TA EMOT FEEDBACK: några lärares upplevelser av feedback i sin arbetssituation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att få en större förståelse för hur några lärare upplevde feedback i sin arbetssituation. De frågeställningar som studien baserades på var: Vilken inverkan har feedback på arbetsglädjen på en arbetsplats, sett ur ett medarbetarperspektiv? På vilket sätt har denna feedback en relation till lärarnas utveckling av sin egen feedbackkompetens? Det metodologiska angreppssättet var en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Urvalet bestod av åtta lärare. Intervjuerna varade 20-35 minuter. Resultatet visade att feedback skedde hela tiden. Intervjupersonerna upplevde att det var lätt att ge och ta emot positiv feedback, men upplevde att de borde bli bättre på att ge även negativ och konstruktiv feedback. Resultatet visade även att det sociala stödet från medarbetarna på arbetsplatsen var viktigt för att känna arbetsglädje. Arbetsglädjen möjliggjorde att feedback blev ett konstant inslag i arbetsdagen. Diskussionen berörde aspekterna: innebörden av feedback, socialt stöd och utveckling av egen feedbackkompetens.

  • 41.
    Götsén, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Virolainen, Victor
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Stress och hälsa hos elitfotbollsdomare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie hade som syfte att undersöka vilka orsaker till stress svenska elitfotbollsdomare upplever samt hur domarna hanterar den upplevda stressen. Vidare syfte var att undersöka hur stressen påverkar domarnas hälsa, och vilken påverkan stressen har på beteendet hos domarna. Urvalet till denna studie bestod av 10 svenska elitfotbollsdomare, både män och kvinnor, med domaruppdrag inom Allsvenskan eller Superettan säsongen 2011. En semistrukturerad intervjuguide användes under antingen telefon- eller personliga intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet som framkom i denna studie ligger huvudsakligen i linje med den tidigare forskningen som har gjorts inom området. Vidare visar även resultatet att de deltagande domarna i huvudsak inte upplever en negativ påverkan av stressen på deras hälsa. De resultat som framkom i studien diskuteras vidare i samband med tidigare forskning inom detta område och runt de metodologiska frågor som framkom av studien. Förslag för framtida forskning samt hur resultatet av studien kan appliceras praktiskt ges.

  • 42.
    Hallafors, Alexander
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Halses, Love
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    MOTIVATIONSORIENTERING, COPINGSTRATEGIER OCH STRESSORER BLAND MOTIONÄRSIDROTTARE PÅ GYM2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify exerciser athlete’s motivational orientation, coping strategies used and stressors that primarily is perceived in gym training. The study also studied gender differences in relation to motivation orientation, coping strategies and stressors. A survey was conducted with a quantitative design. The study included 118 participants (43 women and 75 men) aged 18 - 42. The results showed no difference regarding motivation orientation between participants. Participants were predominantly emotion-focused current choice of coping strategy. The three most perceived stressors were "Errors," "My performance" and "Injuries." Furthermore, women tended to higher perceive stressors such as “My shape”, “My weight/strength”, “Crowd”, “That instructors are present” and “Others at the gym” than men. For future research it would be interesting to examine the perceived stressors, coping strategies, and motivational orientation between individuals of different ages and number of years training at the gym. In order to determine if age and experience act as an influencing factor. 

  • 43.
    Hanin, Yuri
    et al.
    KIHU, Res. Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    Metaphoric description of performance states: an application of the IZOF model2002Inngår i: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 396-415Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined feeling states prior to, during, and after best ever and worst ever competition in 85 skilled Russian athletes using metaphor-generation method (Hanin, 2000). Six situations elicited 510 idiosyncratic and functionally meaningful metaphors (67% animate and 33% inanimate agents) and 922 interpretative descriptors. Metaphors and descriptors reflected high action readiness in best ever competition and low action readiness in worst ever competition. Athletes used different metaphors to describe their feelings prior to, during, and after performance. Accompanying idiosyncratic descriptors had multiple connotations with different components of psychobiosocial state. Aggregated content of descriptors had high scores on optimal and low scores on dysfunctional state characteristics in best ever competition but not in worst ever competition. Future research directions and practical implications are suggested.

  • 44.
    Hassan, Hanan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Abrahamsson, Linnéa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    LEDARSKAP: En studie om ledarskapsstilar, ledares sätt att kommunicera och dess påverkan på arbetstillfredsställelse2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att få fördjupad kunskap om sambandet mellan olika ledarskapsstilar och kommunikation. Syftet var dessutom att få fördjupad kunskap om sambandet mellan ledarnas kommunikation och medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse. 114 deltagare besvarade ett frågeformulär innehållande 51 påståenden om ledarskap, kommunikation och arbetstillfredsställelse. Resultatet visade att samtliga ledarskapsstilar som undersöktes hade ett positivt samband med både kommunikation och medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse. Path-goal ledarskapet och det relationsorienterade ledarskapet hade ett starkare samband med både kommunikation och medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse än det resultatorienterade ledarskapet. Resultatet visade dessutom att samtliga undersökta typer av kommunikation hade samband med medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse.

    Slutsatsen av den här studien är att det finns ett samband mellan ledarskap, kommunikationen och arbetstillfredsställelse. Resultatet stämmer väl överens med aktuell forskning. 

  • 45.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Creating optimal environments for talent development: A holistic ecological approach2017Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Talent Identification and Development in Sport / [ed] Joseph Baker, Stephen Cobley, Jörg Schorer & Nick Wattie, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017, s. 271-284Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors introduce the holistic ecological approach (HEA) to talent development in sport, which proposes a shift in research attention from the individual athletes to the broader developmental context or environment in which they develop. This introduction includes ecologically inferred definitions of talent development and of the athletic talent development environment (ATDE), research guidelines and two working models. In combination these key elements serve as a guide for further research. The authors proceed to present two cases: a successful kayak environment and an ineffective golf environment, both studied from the HEA perspective. A comparison of successful environments in different sports reveals that while each environment is unique, they in many ways employ the same principles in their work. This leads to a presentation of eight common features of successful ATDEs. Moving from ecological research to ecologically informed practice, the authors add applied principles and provide an example of how these principles were used to improve the performance culture of the Danish national orienteering team. Together, the eight features, the case example, and the applied guidelines can serve as a guide for practitioners aiming to improve talent development environments in sport.

  • 46.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    From general to adapted frameworks in investigating athletic talent development environments2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress of Sport Psychology, Marrakesh, Morocco: International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) , 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Holistic perspective in analysing a successful athletic talent development environment: a case study2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress of Sport Psychology, Marrakech, Morocco: International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) , 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Roessler, Kirsten Kaya
    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Holistic approach to Athletic Talent Development Environments: A successful sailing milieu2010Inngår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 212-222Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. Research into the discovery and development of athletic talent has tended to focus on the individual athlete. This study assumes a holistic ecological approach; it focuses on the overall athletic talent development environment (ATDE), presents an analysis of one particular ATDE (the Danish national 49er sailing team) and examines key factors behind its success in creating top athletes. To guide the project, two working models were developed. The ATDE working model serves to describe the environment’s components and structure. The environmental success factors (ESF) working model serves to structure factors contributing to the environment’s success.

    Method. The research takes the form of a case study. Data were collected from multiple perspectives (in-depth interviews with administrators, coaches and athletes), from multiple situations (observation of training, competitions and meetings) and from the analysis of documents.

    Results. Empirical versions of the ATDE and ESF models were developed of the investigated environment, which was characterized by a high degree of cohesion, with the relationship between current and prospective elite athletes at its core. A lack of resources was compensated for by a strong organizational culture, characterized by values of open co-operation, individual responsibility and a focus on performance process.

    Conclusions. The research concluded that the holistic ecological approach constitutes an important supplement to the contemporary literature on athletic talent and career development, that further studies of specific environments are needed to establish the common features of successful ATDEs and that practitioners should look beyond the individual in their attempts to nurture sporting excellence.

  • 49.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Roessler, Kirsten Kaya
    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Successful talent development in track and field: Considering the role of environment2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 20, nr Suppl.2, s. 122-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Track and field includes a number of high intensity disciplines with many demanding practices and represents a motivational challenge for talented athletes aiming to make a successful transition to the senior elite level. Based on a holistic ecological approach, this study presents an analysis of a particular athletic talent development environment (ATDE) in track and field, the IFK Växjö track and field club, and examines key factors behind its successful history of creating top level athletes. The research takes the form of a case study. Data were collected from multiple perspectives (in-depth interviews with administrators, coaches and athletes), from multiple situations (observation of training, competitions and meetings) and from the analysis of documents. The environment was characterized by a high degree of cohesion, by the organization of athletes and coaches into groups and teams, and by the important role given to elite athletes. A strong organizational culture, characterized by values of open co-operation, by a focus on performance process and by a whole person approach, provided an important basis for the environment’s success. The holistic ecological approach encourages practitioners to broaden their focus beyond the individual in their efforts to help talented junior athletes make a successful transition to elite senior level.

  • 50.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Storm, Louise Kamuk
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Pyrdol, Nicklas
    Team Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Larsen, Carsten Hvid
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Successful and Less Successful Interventions with Youth and Senior Athletes: Insights from Expert Sport Psychology Practitioners2019Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 72-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is focused on reflections of expert sport psychology practitioners about their interventions with competitive youth and senior elite athletes. Two objectives include: (1) to identify key structural components used by practitioners to describe sport psychology interventions and integrate them into an empirical framework, and (2) to analyze the practitioners’ experiences in regard of their successful and less successful interventions in competitive youth and elite senior sport contexts using the empirical framework. We conducted semi-structured interviews with twelve internationally recognized sport psychology practitioners (SPPs) and analyzed the data thematically. The empirical framework derived from the SPPs’ accounts contains eight structural components integrated into two categories: (1) the content and focus (with three components, e.g., adaptation of content), and (2) the organization and delivery of interventions (with five components, e.g., initiation and assessment of athletes’ needs). Using the empirical framework we found differences between successful and less successful interventions and between youth and senior contexts in terms of needs assessment, adaptation and breadth of content, athlete-practitioner relationship, and intervention settings. The empirical framework might inform SPPs in their efforts to design, implement, and evaluate their services in these two contexts.

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