hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 552
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Adam, Kihlman
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Timmy, Fredriksson
    Halmstad University.
    Regulatory fit and performance in elite bowlers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research within regulatory fit framework has shown that athletes perform better when in a state of regulatory fit. This state occurs when there is a match between a player’s chronic regulatory focus and the framing of the given task. In a counterbalanced within-groups experimental design, bowling players (N = 34) performed various rounds of the same ecologically-valid pin-setting configuration under two different experimental conditions: in a promotion manner (aspiration to make the spare) and in a prevention manner (obligation not to miss the spare). Results showed no significant relationship between regulatory fit and bowling performance. Findings are discussed in terms of task difficulty and experimental manipulation in relation to regulatory fit theory.

  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Rosenqvist, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    7 LEDARE I FASTIGHETSMÄKLARBRANSCHENS SYN PÅ, OCH HANTERING AV, FASTIGHETSMÄKLARES GRÄNSLÖSA ARBETSFÖRHÅLLANDEN.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get an idea of ​​how the leaders in the real estate industry perceive and manage boundless working conditions. Questions that were answered were how the leaders in the service influence and control the employees' working conditions. Also how the communication strategies are designed to facilitate the work towards common goals, when tasks are not limited to the workplace. The study examine if boundless working conditions is characterized by unspoken expectations. Based on the current view, seven interviews were conducted with leaders from six organizations in the real estate brokerage. The results showed that the industry is controlled by few limits and that leaders use different strategies to maximize performance and wellbeing. It is a commission-based industry in which all work is according to individual performance where results are measured before the time spent at work. By explicit strategies of working and labor leaders are trying to reduce inequalities, and so they try to also reduce the scope of the psychological contract in certain aspects.

  • 3.
    Ahlström, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Gymnasieelevers syn på feedback i skolämnet idrott & hälsa2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how high school students wish to receive feedback in physical education, if positive feedback from the P.E. teacher is perceived as beneficial to the students’ motivation and also to examine if the motivational climate is perceived as task oriented or ego oriented by the students. In total 8 high school students (4 boys, 4 girls) at the age of 16 participated. Semi structured interview guides were used during the interviews who took place in a private and neutral location. The informants wanted positive feedback and instructive feedback. Positive feedback was perceived as beneficial to the informants’ motivation. They also perceived encouragement as beneficial to their motivation. Both task oriented and ego oriented motivational climate were experienced. However the P.E. teacher was perceived as using a task oriented approach. The informants’ answers related to both Self determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) and Achievement goal theory (Nicholls, 1989). According to the study, the P.E. teacher’s feedback approach should concentrate on positive, encouraging, instructing and constructive feedback and have a task oriented approach.

  • 4.
    Alfermann, D.
    et al.
    Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). The P.F. Lesgaft State Academy, St Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Zemaityte, A.
    University of Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania & Department of Pyschology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.
    Reactions to sport career termination: A cross-national comparison of German, Lithuanian, and Russian athletes2004In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 61-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioural consequences of sport career termination of national and international level athletes in three nations.

    Design and methods: Athletes of Germany (n=88), Lithuania (n=65), and Russia (n=101) were asked to describe in retrospect their reactions to career termination. The Athletic Retirement Questionnaire developed by the first two authors and presented in three corresponding languages was used. Planning of retirement and national identity served as independent variables. Dependent variables were reasons and circumstances for career termination, participants’ emotional reactions, coping reactions, athletic identity during and after sport career, and adjustment to life after career termination.

    Results: Analyses of variance revealed significant main effects of retirement planning and national identity on most dependent variables. Planning of retirement contributed to significantly better cognitive, emotional, and behavioural adaptation. In addition, high athletic identity contributed to less positive reactions to retirement and to more problems in the adaptation process. The emotional reactions of Russian and Lithuanian athletes were similar, but differed from the German athletes who, in general, showed more positive and lesser negative emotions after retirement. Though accepting the reality of retirement was the most often used coping strategy among all participants, Lithuanian athletes showed more denial and Russian athletes more distraction strategies after retirement than the other nations.

    Discussion: The results are discussed with regard to athletes’ readiness for career transition in different social and cultural environments. Recommendations are given on how to help athletes to prepare for and to cope with career termination. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Alfermann, Dorothee
    et al.
    Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Sport psychology in Europe – Women’s perspective2013In: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, p. 55-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compared to other disciplines of psychology, sport and exercise psychology is a very young field. Sport psychology associations were founded in a variety of countries (particularly in Europe and North America) in the 1960es and later, after the first World Congress of Sport Psychology had taken place in Rome in 1965. Despite the fact that even in those ages quite a few women were studying psychology and afterwards starting a scientific career, females in sport psychology were extremely underrepresented. One of the reasons could lie in the fact that sport, much more than psychology, was a stereotypically male field, with only a few opportunities available to women. Making a career in sport psychology was then a double contradiction for women. First, making a career in general contradicted the typical female role, and second, making a career in sport meant an untypical field for women.

    The presentation will be structured as a dialogue between the two presenters – female sport psychologists working in the field for more than 30 years. Both were born and started their careers during the period of the Cold War: Dorothee Alfermann in the Federal Republic of Germany, and Natalia Stambulova in the Soviet Union. Both countries do not exist on the European map any more reflecting dramatic political, social and economic changes in Europe during the last two decades. All the changes in the European context put their impacts on the development of sport and exercise psychology in Europe including overall organizational development, as well as female careers and their contributions to European Federation of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), other international sport psychology organizations (e.g., ISSP, AASP) and international sport psychology events (e.g., Congresses). The dialogue will be structured around the following three themes: (a) the presenters’ own careers analyzed from the point of gender issues (e.g., female professional role models and mentors), (b) history of European sport and exercise psychology, foundation of FEPSAC and contribution of its first President Ema Geron (1969-1973), and (c) female sport psychology professionals’ role in today’s European sport psychology and their contributions to FEPSAC, ISSP, AASP, national sport psychology associations, the editorial board of Psychology of Sport and Exercise, the European Forum of Applied Sport Psychologists, the European Master’s Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology (EMSSEP), and the recent European Master’s (Mundus) Program in Sport and Exercise Psychology (EMPSEP).

  • 6.
    Alfermann, Dorothee
    et al.
    Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Zemaityte, Aiste
    University of Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Causes and consequences of career termination: A comparison of German, Russian and Lithuanian athletes2001In: International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) 10th World Congress of Sport Psychology: organized by Democritus University of Thrace, University of Thessaly, Hellenic Society of Sport Psychology : in the dawn of the new millennium : May 28-June 2, 2001, Skiathos, Hellas : programme and proceedings: vol. 4 / [ed] Athanasios Papaioannou, Marios Goudas, Yannis Theodorakis, Thessaloniki, Greece: Christodoulidi Publications , 2001, p. 26-28Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Al-Jamali, Talal
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Taivaloja, Jmmy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    MOTIVATION, PASSION OCH SJÄLVFÖRTROENDE HOS FOTBOLLSSPELARE I SVENSKA UNGDOMSLANDSLAG2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate motivationalfactors, passionfactors and level of confidence players among the youth Swedish nationalteam in soccer. Furthermore the relationship between passion and confidence was investigated and also how motiovation is related to passion and confidence. 288 male and female soocer players aged between 15-17 (M=16.02, Sd=1.06) took part of the study. Vealey Sportconfidence Scale (VSS), Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) andThe Passion Scale (PS) was used in the study. The results showed statistically significant relationships between passion, motivation and confidence. The results showed that internal motivational factors was most common in youth national team players and that harmonic passion showed a more significant relationship with confidence than obsessive passion did. Further the results were analyzed and discussed in relation theories and earilier findings. Like all fields of research, further research on a wider population and with larger sample is needed in order to establish any form of conclusions. 

  • 8.
    Alm, Rasmus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Cassel, Philip
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevda kompetens av mental träning ur ett tränar filosofiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevd kompetens inom mental träning ifrån ett tränarfilosofiskt perspektiv. För att undersöka syftet användes tre frågeställningar: (1) Hur prioriterar svenska tennistränare mentala förberedelser jämfört med fysiska, taktiska och tekniska förberedelser? (2) Vilka erfarenheter har svenska tennistränare av mental träning? (3) Vilken upplevd kompetens av mental träning finns hos svenska tennistränare? Deltagarna i studien var 13 (M-ålder=31,5, SD-ålder=9,8) män som var tennistränare inom Västra Götaland. En semi-strukturerad intervjuguide konstruerades med fyra huvudsakliga temaområden tränarfilosofi, erfarenhet av mental träning, kompetens av mental träning och utveckling av mental träning. Resultatet visade att: (1) svenska tennistränare anser att mental träning är viktigt inom tennis men prioriterar inte det i deras tränarfilosofi (2) svenska tennistränarna har erfarenhet av mental träning genom att använda det på banan för sina spelare samt ifrån sina egna tenniskarriärer (3) tränarna upplever att de har låg eller ingen kompetens av mental träning samt att tränarna önskar att få mer kompetens. Slutsatsen från studien är att mental träning är något som svenska tennistränarna anser är viktigt men tränarna har för lite erfarenhet och låg kompetens i deras tränarroll.

  • 9.
    Andersen, Mark
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Working with an anxious and psychologically abused athlete: A mindful, neuropsychotherapy approach2014In: Neuropsychotherapy: Theoretical concepts and clinical applications / [ed] Rossouw, Pieter J., Brisbane: Mediros , 2014, p. 193-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersen, Mark B.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Hanrahan, Stephanie J.University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Doing exercise psychology2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Andersen, Mark B.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    A methodology of loving kindness: how interpersonal neurobiology, compassion, and transference can inform researcher–participant encounters and storytelling2016In: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns some central aspects of methodology in qualitative research: the participants’ and investigators’ storytelling, and the main instruments in many interview-based qualitative studies, the researchers themselves. We discuss several ethical and interpersonal aspects of qualitative research encounters between investigators and their interviewee participants. Interviewing research participants is a fundamentally exploitative process, and we make suggestions for how we can temper that exploitation by giving something of value back to our participants and to make sure the well-being of the participant is not compromised by our actions. Many research topics in qualitative studies concern experiences of stress, distress and trauma, and interviewees re-telling their stories may become retraumatised. Such retraumatisation constitutes abuse on the part of the researcher. To counter potential abuse and exploitation, we discuss how researchers, as the central instruments in interview-based investigations, can use knowledge of interpersonal neurobiology, psychodynamic theory and mindful practice to enable them to hold their participants (and their participants’ stories) in loving care and maybe even help in healing processes. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

  • 12.
    Andersen, Mark
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Barney, Steve T.
    South Utah University, Cedar City, Utah, USA.
    Waterson, Andrew K.
    High Performance Sport New Zealand, Cambridge, Waikato, New Zealand.
    Mindfully Dynamic Meta-Supervision: The Case of AW and M2016In: Global Practices and Training in Applied Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology: A Case Study Approach / [ed] J. Gualberto Cremades & Lauren S. Tashman, New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 330-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Andersen, Mark
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Waterson, Andrew K.
    High Performance Sport New Zealand, North Dunedin, New Zealand.
    A brief impressionistic history of paying attention: The roots of mindfulness2017In: Being mindful in sport and exercise psychology: Pathways for practitioners and students / [ed] Sam J. Zizzi & Mark B. Andersen, Morgantown: FiT Publishing , 2017, p. 5-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Anderson, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelser av karriäravslut: En kvalitativ studie på före detta professionella golfspelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine former golf players’ experiences of their career

    termination. The following questions were asked: (1) What barriers does golf players experience during the career termination? (2) What resources does golf players experience during the career termination? (3) What strategies does the golf players identify as useful during a career termination. Semi structured interviews were conducted with four female and one male golf players on international level. Through a qualitative content analysis (Hassmén & Hassmén, 2008) 18 high order themes emerged distrubuted on barriers (6), resources (7) and strategies (5). Prominent themes that emerged as both barriers and resources were identity, volontariness of retriment, preparations and social support. The strategies preparations, find new pursuits, social support, take advantage of the golf career and have an optimistic approach were identified as useful. The themes are discussed based on the theoretical framework and previous research. Suggestions for future research and implications are given.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Harrysson, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Global arbetstillfredsställelse: Och dess samband med arbetsattityder, personlighetsegenskaper och psykosocial arbetsmiljö2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka samband mellan global arbetstillfredsställelse, personlighetsegenskaper, psykosociala arbetsmiljöaspekter och arbetsattityder på arbetstagare i en verkstadsindustri. Dessutom var syftet att få ökad kunskap om vad det är som bidrar till global arbetstillfredsställelse. 74 deltagare besvarade frågeformuläret innehållande 53 påståenden rörande global arbetstillfredsställelse, personlighet, arbetsattityder och psykosociala arbetsmiljöaspekter. Resultatet visade samband mellan global arbetstillfredsställelse, upplevelsen av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och arbetsattityderna job involvement, organizational commitment och arbetsengagemang. Det fanns inget samband mellan personlighetsegenskaperna och global arbetstillfredsställelse. Däremot framkom ett indirekt samband mellan personlighetsegenskaperna extraversion och samvetsgrannhet och global arbetstillfredsställelse via arbetsattityderna job involvement och arbetsengagemang. Studien visade även att global arbetstillfredsställelse påverkas mer av hur individen uppfattar sina arbetsmiljöförhållanden än av individens personlighetsegenskaper. Slutsatsen blev att organisationer bör lägga mindre fokus på individens personlighet och istället arbeta kontinuerligt med att förbättra arbetsmiljöförhållandena, då de bidrar till individens upplevda globala arbetstillfredsställelse.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Egertz, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Socialt stöd som moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om socialt stöd fungerar som en moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa hos elitidrottare. Genom ett strategiskt bekvämlighetsurval deltog 88 elitidrottare (ålder M=17.3, SD=2.4) från södra Sverige, som representerade idrotterna fotboll (N=71) och volleyboll (N=17). Studien baserades på ett frågeformulär med följande instrument: Life Events Survey for Collegiate  Athletes (LESCA), The Athlete Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) och General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12). Resultatet visade stöd för hypotesen då socialt stöd delvis modererade sambandet mellan stressfyllda händelser och symptom av mental ohälsa. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån studiens referensramar.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Dafteke, Sanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Det hälsofrämjande ledarskapets samband med medarbetarnas välbefinnande inom hälso- och sjukvården2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to see if there is a relationship between health-promoting leadership and employee’s well-being. According to the hypothesis, and with knowledge in the field, individuals with high well-being should experience health-promoting leadership. The study was conducted with quantitative method using a questionnaire survey. Study participants consisted of 63 employees from health-care in southern Sweden. Results shows that there is a correlation between health-promoting leadership and employee’s well-being at the investigated workplace. The result in our study indicates that the correlation that earlier research concluded about health-promoting leadership and well-being is confirmed. However, future research should focus on making the link between health-promoting leadership and well-being clearer to gain further understanding of how the relationship works.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Mette
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Rydén, Matilda
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    SJÄLVKÄNSLA, PERFEKTIONISM, TÄVLINGSÄNGSLAN OCH SJÄLVFÖRTROENDE HOS TÄVLANDE IDROTTARE2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan självkänsla, perfektionism, tävlingsängslan och självförtroende. Dessa fenomen samspelar och ger antingen positiva eller negativa utfall för atletens prestation och känslor inför tävling. Vidare var syftet att undersöka eventuella skillnader i ovan nämnda variabler mellan individuella idrottare och lagidrottare samt ta reda på om det finns några skillnader mellan könen. En enkätundersökning genomfördes med 101 deltagare från totalt sex olika sporter. Resultaten av PSPP-R visade att individuella idrottare hade högre fysiskt självvärde och global självkänsla än lagidrottarna. En möjlig förklaring till det är att det kan krävas en starkare självkänsla för att lyckas inom individuell idrott. Vidare hade lagidrottarna, enligt MPS, högre värden av oro över misstag och tvivel rörande handling. Inom lagidrotten uppstår en konkurrenssituation då hög prestation krävs för att inte ersättas av en bättre spelare, detta kan möjligen framkalla en högre oro för misstag samt tvivel. Könsskillnaden bestod i att kvinnorna hade signifikant lägre idrottskompetens, fysiskt självvärde samt global självkänsla. Få skillnader i perfektionism förutspåddes med bakgrund av tidigare forskning men en skillnad i tvivel rörande handling påfanns då kvinnor låg signifikant högre än männen. I tävlingsängslan (CSAI-2) fick kvinnorna högre poäng i både kognitiv och somatisk ängslan medan männen hade signifikant högre självförtroende. Dessa resultat kan tolkas som att det är långt kvar till jämställdhet mellan könen inom idrotten.

  • 19.
    ANTONSSON, JASENKA
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    FÖRÄNDRINGSARBETE I EN IDEELL FÖRENING2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har jag undersökt vilken betydelse en omorganisation kan ha för samarbetet i en förening.

    Detta studeras med hjälp av bl.a. medarbetarsamtal/utvecklingssamtal för att eventuellt urskilja om makt, status, vänskapsband eller arbetsroller i föreningen speglar sig i kommunikationen mellan chefen och medarbetare. Studien har genomförts med utgångspunkt i medarbetarnas och styrelsemedlemmarnas uppfattning om allt från medarbetarsamtal till relationerna i föreningen. Jag har använt mig utav den kvalitativa metoden som angreppssätt. Nio intervjuer har genomförts, varav sju med medarbetarna (arbetsgruppen) och två med styrelsemedlemmar. Ur resultatet kunde jag utläsa att det efterfrågas tydlighet, förståelse, förtroende, uppföljning på medarbetarsamtal och öppenhet från både arbetsgruppen och styrelsen. Miss i kommunikationen tillskrivs den nya omorganisationen samt bristen på insyn men lika väl brist av fysisk närvaro av styrelsen i föreningens dagliga arbete. Vidare finns missnöje med de otydliga befogenheter som verkar vara en stor käpp i hjulet för hela organisationen samt bristen på en bra kommunikationsväg mellan de olika nivåerna. Hoppfullhet och tilltro finns dock till det nya arbetssättet då arbetsgruppen har fått egna kontaktpersoner i styrelsen.

     

    Analysen har diskuterats mot bakgrund av Webers mål; och värderationalitet, Goffmans regioner och Asplunds konkreta/abstrakta socialiteten.  Föreningen är en organisation byggd på värderingar och en stark föreningskultur men strävan finns idag, från styrelsens håll, att effektivisera sättet att jobba på genom bland annat nya arbetsbeskrivningar och effektivisering av bemötande gentemot medlemmarna. Risken finns att den organisatoriska förändringen tvingar fram en kulturell förändring som i sin tur riskerar att värderingar i föreningen, ”den känslan som de på golvet har förmedlat” får stå undan för det resultatorientering som styrelsen vill uppnå. I förlängning kan konsekvenserna vara att omorganisationen inte lyckats fullt ut, nära kundbemötande försvinner och den enskilda medarbetaren blir sedd som en arbetsroll, inte en konkret person.

     

    Nyckelord: Omorganisation, förståelse, förtroende, Konkret/Abstrakt socialitet, byråkrati. 

     

  • 20.
    Armbäck, Alexander
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Bihorac, Samir
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Utvecklingssamtal i arbetslivet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to gain knowledge about the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization, and how a company uses it. The focus was on four different themes, purpose of the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization, planning, execution and content, feedback. The sample consisted of six people, three employees and three managers of the company. The interviews were conducted by an interview guide, one for the employees and one for the managers. The results of the interviews showed that the conversation about developmental opportunities in the organization was used by managers to make all employees to strive in the same direction, an opportunity for employees to reconcile how their work performance is perceived by their managers, the use of a preparation model differs between managers and feedback was important. In the discussion, the authors analysed the four themes and compared them to previous research.

  • 21.
    Arvidsson, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Socialpsykologi och hållbar utveckling: I främjandet av arbetet med hållbar utveckling och spridningen av ekologisk medvetenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Institutions are be/e/ing urged today to bring in sustainable development as part of the education, which is the foundation for this thesis purpose. University of Halmstad established in year 2013, the Sustainable Development Committee where one of the goals is to make students and staff aware of the work. We as students have never been in contact with the concept and from there have an interest in what social psychology can contribute to the expansion of sustainable development in an institution. The essay is based on a qualitative study based on empirical material collected from interviews with members of the Commission for Sustainable Development in an institution of higher learning. The purpose of the study is to seek an understanding of the barriers and opportunities that may arise in the implementation of guidelines for sustainable development at a higher education institution. The study gives an overview of some of the barriers and opportunities that arise in its implementation. The main focus lies in the basis of our social psychological knowledge to understand the ecological importance of communication, both through text and humans and between humans. We believe that it is the communication that is the basis for coordination of actions. The thesis theoretical emphasis is found in Niklas Luhmnnas system theory, Dorothy Smiths institutional ethnography and Johan Asplunds theory of ”social responsiveness”. The results show that coordination locally is partially affected by translocal coordination and interpretation, and understanding has a significant impact on the coordination of efforts to promote ecological awareness.

  • 22.
    Ax, Rasmus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hjalmarsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Stress, Stressreaktioner och Copingstrategier hos Elitgolfare: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka: (1) vilka stressorer som elitgolfare exponeras för; (2) hur elitgolfare reagerar på stress samt (3) hur elitgolfare hanterar stress som uppkommer. Totalt deltog tio elitgolfare i studien, av vilka fem var kvinnor och fem var män. En semistrukturerad intervjuguide användes under personliga intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet som framkom i denna studie ligger huvudsakligen i linje med den tidigare forskningen som har gjorts inom området där stressreaktioner såsom nedstämdhet och frustration var frekvent förekommande bland elitgolfarna. Vidare visade resultatet att de flesta elitgolfare som deltog i studien använde sig av två olika former av copingstrategier. Emotionsfokuserad coping där bland annat acceptans var förekommande och problemfokuserad coping där målorienterad fokusering förekom mest frekvent. De mest förekommande stressorer som elitgolfarna belyste var egna förväntningar, omgivningens förväntningar samt undermåliga förberedelser inför en tävling.  

  • 23.
    Axelsson, Tina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ohlsson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En i gänget: En kvalitativ studie om hur olika faktorer påverkar arbetsprestationerna i en bestämd arbetsgrupp i detaljhandeln. 2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att utifrån en socialpsykologisk ansats se vilka faktorer som påverkar en bestämd arbetsgrupp inom detaljhandeln. Vi har båda erfarenheter från grupper inom arbetslivet vilket har bidragit till en nyfikenhet om hur individer relaterar och arbetar tillsammans med andra människor i en grupp. Uppsatsens centrala frågeställning är: Hur påverkar rollerna, sammanhållningen och kommunikationen de anställdas arbete i en specifik grupp på ett företag inom detaljhandeln? Hur påverkar chefens ledarstil gruppens gemensamma arbete?

    Studien bygger på elva semistrukturerade intervjuer som vidare har analyserats utifrån relevanta socialpsykologiska teorier. Resultatet visar att den bestämda arbetsgruppen har en sammanhållning där individernas personliga roller präglar arbetsplatsen mer än de arbetsrelaterade rollerna. Vidare är bristen på kommunikation tydlig då de anställda inte alltid är medvetna om vad yrkesrollerna kräver av dem. Saknaden av klar kommunikation och tydliga direktiv bidrar till att personalen pratar bakom ryggen på varandra samt att motivationen inte når sin fulla potential i arbetsgruppen. Därtill påverkar chefen gruppen och deras gemensamma arbetsprestationer eftersom hon på grund av sitt relationella ledarskap inte i tillräcklig utsträckning förmår att styra och utveckla gruppen.

  • 24.
    Back, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Mechanisms of Exercise Dependence – A person centred approach to study the predictiveability of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence2017In: Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice / [ed] Gangyan, S., Cruz, J., & Jaenes, J.C., 2017, p. 537-538Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exercise dependence is a maladaptive pattern of exercise with a craving for physical activity that results in extreme exercise that may generate mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. Previous research suggests that individuals with certain personality traits are more prone to develop exercise dependence. However, research on personality traits and exercise dependence is still limited. In the current study, predictive abilities of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence were investigated. A longitudinal design was adopted to investigate if personality related factors could predict exercise dependence. The sample consisted of 206 regular exercisers (100 males and 106 females) from various exercise groups, sport clubs and sport science classes in Sweden (Mage = 28,5 years; SD = 9,97). The LPA (Latent Profile Analysis) showed that a model with two profiles provided best fit to the data, and that profile belonging at T1 could predict measures of exercise dependence at T2. Profile 1: “high risk exercisers” reported significantly higher levels of exercise dependence, anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation compared to Profile 2: “low risk exercisers”. This study highlights factors that may characterize people who develop exercise dependence. High-risk exercisers are obsessively passionate about their training and exercise may function as a tool to cope with anxiety. If the individual for some reason is prevented from training, feelings of anxiety and guilt are often experienced. Furthermore, these individuals tend to be self-conscious about how they look and appear to other people. To them, exercise may also work as a way to achieve body ideals. The results of the current study suggest plausible mechanisms of why exercise behaviours become unhealthy and uncontrollable for some exercisers whereas others manage to remain healthy.

  • 25.
    Back, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and sports.
    Profiles of Exercise Dependence – A person centred approach to study potential mechanisms2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Back, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    TRÄNINGSBEROENDE - EN SAMBANDSSTUDIEAV POTENTIELLA MEKAN ISMER2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att studera träningsberoende i relation till ångest, depression, självkritik, passion, kroppstillfredsställelse och idrottsidentitet samt skillnader avseende dessa faktorer mellan individer med och utan träningsberoende. Vidare undersöktes om dessa faktorer kunde predicera träningsberoende. Datainsamling skedde via webbenkät. I studien deltog 124 individer, 62 män och 62 kvinnor. Enligt resultat på EDS-R kategoriserades 15 som träningsberoende, 100 som symptomatiska och 9 som icke träningsberoende. Resultatet visade signifikanta samband mellan träningsberoende, grad av träning, ångest, jämförande och internaliserad självkritik, harmonisk och tvångsmässig passion, AO samt idrottsidentitet. Vidare fanns skillnader mellan träningsberoende och icke träningsberoende gällande GLTEQ, regelbundenhet av fysisk aktivitet, genomsnittlig längd på träningspass, idrottslig ambitionsnivå, ångest, jämförande och internaliserad självkritik, tvångsmässig passion samt idrottsidentitet. Regressionsanalys visade att träningsmängd mätt i GLTEQ, genomsnittlig längd på träningspass, ångest, internaliserad självkritik, harmonisk och tvångsmässig passion förklarade 42 % av variansen hos variabeln träningsberoende. Sammantaget indikerade studiens resultat att träningsmängd, ångest, självkritik och passion kan vara mekanismer som är särskilt viktiga att beakta för att upptäcka, förebygga och behandla träningsberoende. Resultatet kan anses användbart exempelvis för idrottsföreningar, hälso- och träningsinstitutioner som sannolikt kommer i kontakt med träningsberoende individer. För dem kan studiens resultat ge kunskap som kan bidra till förståelse för vad träningsberoende är, hur individer i riskzonen kan upptäckas samt möjliga vägar till förebyggande och behandling. 

  • 27.
    Back, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Who becomes exercise dependent? Exploring psychological risk factors for exercise dependence through a person centred approach2017In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Hertting, K. & Johnson, U., Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, p. 65-66Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Career barriers in the National Hockey League: An inductive thematic analysis of first-hand data from Canadian professional ice hockey players2016In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of the study were: (a) to examine the Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) players’ internal and external barriers associated with the demands at each NHL career stage and status together with across-career barriers, and (b) to feature the Canadian NHL players’ barriers in the empirical career model. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees agreed to participate in conversational interviews before their transcripts underwent an interpretive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects face draft year pressure and team camp anxiety. Rookies and sophomores deal with insecurity with teammates and roster spot uncertainty. Prime veterans have to manage ruminating over missed chances while seasoned veterans struggled with social connections. Across career stages and statuses, NHL players deal with career threatening injuries and conflicts with head coach. After discussing how these results contribute to the empirical career model of Canadian NHL players and also extend the career transition and maladaptation literatures, delimitations and future directions are proposed for sport psychology researchers.

  • 29.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Coping strategies and resources in the National Hockey League: An inductive thematic analysis with Canadian professional ice-hockey players2017In: Conference Abstracts: 32nd Annual Conference AASP2017, Orlando, FL, October 18-21, Indianapolis: Association for Applied Sport Psychology , 2017, p. 17-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Canadian ice-hockey players must overcome numerous stressors throughout their National Hockey  League (NHL) careers. Though sport psychology researchers have conducted preliminary studies, theoretical restrictions, small participant numbers, and the use of a structured interview guide have limited breadth of knowledge. Our authors constructed a comprehensive empirical career model by eliciting 23 Canadian NHL players. The intent in the presentation is to feature the stressors, barriers, coping strategies and resources utilised at each status and career stage. Five rookies, five veterans, and 13 retirees agreed to participate in conversational interviews before their transcripts underwent an interpretive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). Prospects seeking to gain entry into the NHL needed (a) realistic expectations of draft pressures, (b) training camp expectations, (c) identify the team’s needs, and (d) if demoted, readjust their expectations. Rookies developing  as NHL p layers needed a high compete level when called-up while sophomores developed by (a) knowing their opponents, (b) generating role player production, and (c) made friendships. Veterans seeking to be All-Stars coped by (a) practicing scoring and creating scoring chances, and (b) showing Stanley Cup determination. Seasoned veterans extended their careers by preserving their physique. The authors will discuss the practical applications for sport psychology consultants tasked with ensuring that professional ice-hockey players move effectively through career transitions including entering the NHL, developing as an NHL players, reaching the NHL elite, and maintaining NHL play involvement. The authors will also speak about teammates, coaches, and support staff hoping to be effective resources to their players’ career progression. © 2017 by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology 

  • 30.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stages and demands in the careers of Canadian National Hockey League players2015In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 278-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have identified some demands of Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) players, yet there is little direction for players hoping to reach the lucrative league. The objectives of this study were to identify the stages, statuses and demands in Canadian NHL players’ careers and propose an empirical career model of Canadian NHL players. In total, 5 rookies, 5 veterans and 13 retirees had their interviews undergo an interpretive thematic analysis. Prospects face the NHL combine, training camp and minor league assignment. While developing into NHL players, rookies deal with NHL call-ups, team competition and formative production while sophomores seemed preoccupied by the opposition. Prime veterans become All-Stars by garnering point production and challenging for the Stanley Cup while seasoned veterans remain relevant through training camps. A discussion about the model’s viability is followed by applications for sport psychology researchers and practitioners. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

  • 31.
    Bean, Corliss
    et al.
    School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University British Columbia, Kelowna, Canada.
    Solstad, Bård Erlend
    Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Forneris, Tanya
    School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University British Columbia, Kelowna, Canada.
    Longitudinal associations between perceived programme quality, basic needs support and basic needs satisfaction within youth sport: A person-centred approach2018In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acknowledging the importance of longitudinal data to test process-based psychological theories of motivation is critical. The purpose of this study was to use a person-centred approach to identify unique subgroups (i.e. profiles) of youth athletes based on their level of self-reported programme quality (PQ) and basic needs support mid-way through their sport season and investigate potential differences between the subgroups on their self-reported basic needs satisfaction at the end of the sport season. The current study involved 541 Canadian youth athletes (males n = 289; females n = 250; gender-fluid n = 2) within 52 sport programmes over the course of 18 months. Youthathletes ranged in age from 8 through 19 (M = 13.76, SD = 2.61). A latent profile analysis (LPA) in Mplus 8.0 was used to carry out the analyses. The LPA revealed three distinct profiles based on youth athletes’ levels of self-reported PQ and basic needs support. Specifically, athletes who perceived their sport experience to be of higher quality and supported their basic psychological needs midway through the sport season also reported higher levels of basic needs satisfaction at season end. Results from this study contribute to the field of sport psychology through understanding how basic needs theory contributes to the dimensions of programme quality and by informing recommendations for future coach education on how to satisfy youth athletes’ basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness through programmedelivery. © 2018 International Society of Sport Psychology

  • 32.
    Becker-Larsen, Astrid
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport. University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    “Organizing for Excellence”: Stress-Recovery States in the Danish National Orienteering Team during a Training Camp and the 2015 World Championship2017In: Scandinavian Sports Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 8, p. 87-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elite athletes push themselves physically and psychologically to their limits in order to develop as athletes and to deliver top performances. To succeed, the athletes must manage their energy. This is particularly important in the periods of high demand on the athletes’ resources (Kellmann, Altenburg, Lormes, & Steinacker, 2001). These include training camps and competitions, because such events are generally intense and likely to induce increased stress, and their schedules often do not allow sufficient time for recovery (Elbe & Kellmann, 2007; Foster, Snyder, & Welsh, 1999). In 2015, the Danish national orienteering coach decided, as a new initiative, to include a three-week training camp in their preparation for the World Championship. The coach was aware that such a long period of intense focus on orienteering would require efficient energy management in the athletes. Therefore, the coach supported the research team in this study aimed at monitoring the athletes’ stress-recovery states during the preparatory camp and the World Championship, with further exploration of the athletes’ perceived sources of stress and recovery during the same period. From a research perspective, the present study is exclusive because of monitoring world-class athlete-participants during their preparation and participation in their most important event. From an applied perspective, searching for efficient processes for energy management during long-term training camps and competitions might become a frontier for improvement of athletes’ preparation and performance.

  • 33.
    Becker-Larsen, Astrid
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    "Organizing for excellence": stress-recovery states in the Danish national orienteering team during a training camp and the 2015 World Championship2017In: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, p. 639-640Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elite level athletes are under considerable pressure to perform, why energy management is a natural part of the life of elite athletes. Energy management is particularly important during periods of high demand on their resources, such as during training camps and competitions, which are often intense and do not allow sufficient time for recovery. Research on recovery has mainly focused on individual physical and physiological strategies. In the 2015 World Championship, the Danish national orienteering team was the best nation, winning four gold medals. In the present study we examined: (a) the stress-recovery states of the Danish orienteers during a three-week preparatory training camp and the following 2015 World Championship, and (b) their perceived sources of stress and recovery during the two events. The study was designed as mixed-method with the RESTQ-sport questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, and a coach’s journal as the data sources used longitudinally during the camp and the championship. Results revealed: (a) well-balanced stress-recovery states among all athletes during the entire period; and (b) perceived sources of stress and recovery classified into organizational, social, personal, and athletic. The athletes themselves stated that their well-balanced stress-recovery states positively affected their learning, well-being, and performance. The organizational strategies played a key role in reducing athletes’ unnecessary stress and in facilitating individual recovery. We suggest that “organizing for excellence”, keeping in mind athletes' energy management, is a special task for coaches and managers when preparing for camps and competitions. 

  • 34.
    Bengtsson, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Personlighet och konformitet: En kvantitativ studie i vilken typ av personlighet det egentligen är som konformerar till gruppen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate any correlations between three personality traits; self-esteem, accuracy, belongingness and conformity. The study investigates the difference in degree of conformity in simpler and harder evaluation situations. The method requires a mix-up of real participants and confederates who attempts two face recognition tests, one hard and one easy to see if degree of conformity differs between simpler and harder tasks. The hypothesis is that individuals with high degrees of need for belongingness and accuracy are more likely to conform to the opinion of the group and people with high degrees of self-esteem conforms less. The hypothesis also states that more people tend to conform on the hard, rather than the simpler test. Altogether 94 persons participated in the study, 47 persons participated in the experimental group and 47 persons in the control group. Distributions in terms of sex were 53 men and 41 women. The result showed significant results in conformity and difficulty. The results also showed that conformity increased along with task difficulty i.e. the harder the test the more conformity.  No significant values were presented between the personality traits and degree of conformity, the reason might be that the study itself didn’t investigate normative and informative conformity by themselves which is why no correlations were found between conformity and personal factors.

  • 35.
    Bengtsson, Dennis
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Fransson, Oskar
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Motiverad till att rehabilitera: En undersökning av relationen mellan behovsfrustration, behovstillfredsställelse och följsamhet till rehabilitering bland skadade idrottare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka om behovsfrustration och behovstillfredsställelse hade en indirekt effekt på följsamhet till rehabilitering genom graden av självbestämmande motivation under en 10 dagarsperiod bland skadade tävlingsidrottare som befann sig i början eller i mitten av sin rehabilitering. Totalt deltog 66 tävlingsidrottare som drabbats av en akut och allvarlig idrottsskada, där urvalet innehöll 19 kvinnor och 47 män (M= 21.1 SD= 5.7). Fyra mätinstrument besvarades vid två tillfällen med 10 dagars mellanrum. Resultatet redovisade att behovsfrustration hade en statistiskt signifikant negativ indirekt effekt på följsamhet till rehabilitering över tid genom kontrollerad motivation. Vidare visade resultatet även att behovstillfredsställelse inte har en statistiskt signifikant positiv indirekt effekt på följsamhet till rehabilitering över tid genom autonom motivation. Sammantaget påvisar studiens resultat att akut skadade idrottare som upplever sig behovsfrustrerade kommer också uppleva sig mer kontrollerat motiverade och ha en sämre följsamhet till rehabiliteringsprocessen över tid. Studiens resultat framhäver vikten av att skadade idrottare som genomför en rehabilitering som motverkar behovsfrustration och främjar behovstillfredsställelse, ökar möjligheten för ett följsamt beteende och slutligen ett mer lyckat rehabiliteringsutfall.

  • 36.
    Bengtsson, Per
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Holmgren, Nicklas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mindfulness och dess samband med psykologiska färdigheter hos idrottare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att empiriskt undersöka en teoretisk modell för samband mellan mindfulness och psykologiska färdigheter hos idrottare (Birrer, Röthlin & Morgan 2012) genom att (1) undersöka samband mellan mindfulness och sex påverkansmekanismer samt (2) samband mellan fem aspekter av mindfulness och dessa påverkansmekanismer. De påverkansmekanismer som undersökes var emotionsreglering, klarsynthet, kognitiv acceptans, ältande, flexibilitet och non-attachment. De aspekter av mindfulness som undersöktes var icke-reaktivitet, observerande, beskrivande, agera medvetet och icke-dömande. I studien deltog 82 tävlande idrottare från idrottsföreningar i sydvästra Sverige. Medelåldern var 22,01 år (SD = 4.32) varav 24 kvinnor och 58 män. Frågeformuläret som användes i studien bestod av en sammansatt enkät innehållande sex olika skalor med syfte att mäta mindfulness samt sex påverkansmekanismer. Resultaten visade signifikanta samband mellan självskattad mindfulness och samtliga sex påverkansmekanismer. Regressionsanalys visade att mindfulness var en signifikant prediktor till samtliga påverkansmekanismer. Multipel regressionsanalys visade att aspekten icke-dömande visade sig vara signifikant prediktor för flest påverkansmekanismer och att aspekten observera inte var signifikant prediktor för någon av de sex påverkansmekanismerna. Resultaten diskuterades utifrån teoretiska referensramar och tidigare forskning.

  • 37.
    Bengtsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Carlsson, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Arbetstillfredsställelse och motivation hos förskollärare: grunden för ett kvalitativt arbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to gain an understanding how preschool teachers motivates to their work. What factors increases or reduces the motivation in the workplace, and what is the significance of the work design for motivation and job satisfaction? The study was based on Herzberg (1993) two factor theory on motivation and Hackman and Oldmans The Job Characteristics Model (Robbins & Judge, 2007) explaining that the work arrangement can be seen as the basis of how motivated the personal is. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews. Six preschool teachers were interviewed about the experience whether job satisfaction and motivation arises. Results show that as a primary basis for job satisfaction is a good relationship with colleagues. Results also show that children's development is as a basis for the respondents motivation in their professional. The children developing and the social support motivate the respondents to continue their effort and also motivates them to remain in the workplace. Besides positive factors results show inhibitory factors of motivation. Things such as to little time for planning and for educational discussions. Furthermore, the interviews think that too much responsibility and high demands in relation to the resources they have to provide is also something that inhibition their motivation. The results have been processed with Herzberg (1993) two factors theory on motivation and job satisfaction. The design of work has been compared to Hackman and Oldman (Robbins & Judge, 2007) theory.

  • 38.
    Bengtsson, Sverker
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Time, Money and Support: Student-Athletes Transition to High Achivement Sport2012In: Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 1536-0431, E-ISSN 1947-6299, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of within-career transition, as experienced by student-athletes striving to reach the international level. Interviews were used to examine the perceptions of 26 Swedish student-athletes with a mean age of 22.5 years practicing individual sportsatthe national elite level, involved in a career assistance program. Categories identified through thematiccontent analysis were changes experienced in the transition, the career assistance program, resources to adjust to the new level in sport, satisfaction with their current situation, and strategies to adjust to the new level in sport. The athletes highlighted the value of interpersonal support and commitment, and recognized the need to develop further coping strategies, such as stress and time management. Practical implications for promoting successful within-career transitions are discussed. © 2012 Athletic Insight, Inc.

  • 39.
    Berg, Martin
    Lunds Universitet, Sverige.
    Självet och subjektets svårgripbara nödvändighet: utkast till en socialpsykologisk kritik av Judith Butler2006In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 7-24Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The self and the elusive necessity of the subject: outline of a social- psychological critique of Judith Butler In her widely cited and criticised Gender trouble, Judith Butler (1990) elaborated the thought that gender needs to be understood as performative – a certain kind of doing behind the bars of a hegemonic heterosexual imperative that governs intelligible bodily configurations. Drawing mainly on psychoanalytical and foucauldian arguments, Butler dwells upon numerous important questions concerning power and subjectivity while arguing that subjects need to conform to the heterosexual matrix in order to gain intelligibility. However, she does not manage to emphasize the importance of situating neither the subject nor the body in a social reality. Due to the problematic and sometimes unclear differentiation between the concepts of performance and performativity as well as the somewhat obscure idea of subjectivity, self and corporeality that are put forward in Butler’s theorizing, it is here argued that her theoretical framework needs to be re-conceptualized from the viewpoint of social psychology. Combining a theoretical framework that draws upon Butler (1990; 1993; 1997a and 1997b) with a symbolic interactionist perspective (Blumer 1969; Mead 1995), this paper aims at locating intersections, gaps and similarities between these rather disparate perspectives. Initiating such a venture, the argument pursued in this paper revolves around the concept of social self and the ways this concept possibly can elaborate Butler’s theory. It is argued that a social psychological take on butlerian thinking can enhance and further elaborate an understanding of the processes involved in the doing of gender.

  • 40.
    Bergh, Angelina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Anhörigproblematik i äldreomsorgen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet för föreliggande uppsats är att utifrån individens perspektiv erhålla djupare förståelse och insikt i vilka faktorer som bidrar till konflikter, och hur problemlösning uppstår och utvecklas i relationen mellan anhörig och chef inom äldreomsorgen. Studien är gjord med kvalitativ metod och fokuserad intervjuguide. Urvalet består av fem enhetschefer verksamma i äldreomsorgen i Halmstad kommun. Resultatet visar på att en fruktsam problemlösning startar med en sund relation till anhöriga baserat på tillit, kunskaper om yrket samt en förståelse av vad människor behöver och hur de tänker. Chefens egen erfarenhet och bakgrund i kombination med utbildning och engagemang påverkar problemlösningens natur. För stöd i relationen nämns i första hand den egna chefen och andra kollegor. Resultatet är analyserat med utgångspunkter i Goffman, Foucault och Asplund. Analysen går genom problemlösningens socialpsykologi, social responsivitet, makt och institution.

  • 41.
    Bergman, Bodil
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Moving away from facades: in-depth interviews with subjectively healthy women diagnosed with distress2005In: Qualitative Research in Psychology, ISSN 1478-0887, E-ISSN 1478-0895, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 169-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives:

    To gain a deeper understanding of why women, diagnosed with mental distress, reported good physical and mental health. What could the reason be and how did they feel four to five years later?

    Method:

    In-depth interviews were conducted with seven women; age 33 to 52, who worked in a Swedish male-dominated industry. The methodological approach relied on grounded theory.

    Results:

    A conceptual model was generated in the analysis, describing a temporal process of change in the women's self-image. Three core concepts illuminated this process:(1) maintaining an ideal self-image, (2) waking up/reappraising health and (3) struggling for a realistic self. The women were moving away from facades of meeting social expectations and pleasing others toward trusting and setting boundaries for themselves. Moving away from symptoms such asasthma, migraine and infections, as well as family problems, they felt and hoped that they had more control over their lives.

    Conclusions:

    A conceptual model was proposed to illustrate a temporal change in women's self-image related to their changing perception of health. Women's newway of life challenges the support system within organizations and society.

  • 42.
    Bergström, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Talangutvecklingsmiljö, motivation och välmående: En studie på svenska tipselitlag i fotboll2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study at Swedish football academies was (1) to investigate the relationship between perceived talent development environment, self-determination and general well-being and (2) to study how perceived talent development environment and self-determination predicted general well-being. 117 male football players aged between 14-19

    (M=16,61, Sd=1,05) took part of the study. The participants were all members of one out of five elite football academies, and they played either in "pojkallsvenskan" (N=60) or in "juniorallsven-skan" (N=57). Self-Determination Scale (SDS) was used to measure experience of self-determination, General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) measured perceived general psy-chological health and Talent Development Environment Questionnaire (TDQE) measured how the player’s perceived the talent development environment. The results showed positive statistically significant relationships between the variables perceived talent development envi-ronment, self-determination and general well-being. The results also showed that perceived talent development environment and self-determination could explain 27,5% of the variation in players general well-being. The results were analyzed and discussed in relation to The Model of Effective Talent Development Environments and Self-Determination Theory in ad-dition to previous research.

    Keywords: Motivation, self-determination, Swedish football academies, Talent Development Environment, well-being.

  • 43.
    Bernson, Jenny M.
    et al.
    Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Elfstrom, Magnus L.
    Department of Psychology, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    'Making dental care possible - a mutual affair'. A grounded theory relating to adult patients with dental fear and regular dental treatment2011In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 119, no 5, p. 373-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dental fear is a common and widespread problem, which can cause severe stress. Even so, most patients with dental fear undergo regular dental treatment in spite of their fear and many enjoy good oral health. The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how patients with dental fear manage to undergo dental treatment. Fourteen patients with dental fear, who undergo regular dental care, were interviewed. Qualitative analysis of the transcribed interviews was performed according to the principles of grounded theory. A conceptual framework was generated, and the main concern was identified as 'making dental care possible - a mutual affair'. Four additional categories explained how patients handled their dental fear and how dental care became possible. The strategies were labelled 'taking part in a mental wrestling match', 'trust-filled interaction with dental staff', 'striving for control' and 'seeking and/or receiving social support'. The results showed that making dental care possible for patients with dental fear is a mutual challenge that requires interplay between dental staff and patients, involving verbal and non-verbal communication reflecting respect, attention, and empathy. Moreover, a balance between nearness and distance and between professional and personal treatment is required.

  • 44.
    Bjurhult, Christofer
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Överkonfidens - en fråga om situation och person2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate the existence of overconfidence and how it varies between different types of judgments and individuals. The instruments that were used were both a questionnaire about inhabitants in Swedish municipalities including self-judgmental questions of performance and the Swedish questionnaire of General Self-Efficacy. A total of 65 male respondents were examined. The result showed that overconfidence did not occur; the respondents were realistic in judgments of their own performances. The difference between judgment and performance did not vary between different types of judgments. Furthermore the result showed no correlation between general self-efficacy and difference between judgment and performance. Although a negative correlation was shown between the underconfidents’ general self-efficacy and underconfidence. Suggestions on future studies are to further investigate the realism in different confidence measurements, and to investigate correlation between self-efficacy and overconfidence with questionnaires that are designed to generate overconfidence.

  • 45.
    Bjurhult, Christofer
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Överkonfidens - en fråga om ämnesområde, bedömningstyp och person2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate if degree of overconfidence could vary between different subject fields with control for degree of difficulty. Further aim was also to investigate how overconfidence varies between different types of judgments and individuals. The instruments that were used were both a questionnaire about winners of the Swedish song contest and winners of the Nobel Prize including self-judgmental questions of performance, and a questionnaire about extraversion and neuroticism. A total of 139 respondents participated. The result showed realistic judgment in the subject field of the Swedish song contest and underconfidence in the subject field of the Nobel Prize, with control for degree of difficulty. There was no difference between the different types of judgments. Males showed overconfidence while females showed realistic judgment. There were negative correlations between extraversion and neuroticism and difference between judgment and performance. Suggestion on future studies is to further investigate the correlation between extraversion and overconfidence with questionnaires designed to generate overconfidence.  

  • 46.
    Blomgren, Oskar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Angermund, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Individers val av konflikthanteringsstrategier ochdessa samband med könsroller ocharbetstillfredsställelse2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att se vilken typ av konflikthanteringsstrategi individerna på personalkontoret på en kommun i Mellansverige föredrog att använda sig av. Undersökningen gjordes med hjälp av analoga enkäter. Författarna undersökte vidare om det fanns något samband mellan deltagarnas val av konflikthanteringsstrategier och upplevd arbetstillfredsställelse samt könsroller. Resultatet visade att deltagarna föredrog att använda sig av en kompromissande konflikthanteringsstrategi, följt av en undvikande konflikthanteringsstrategi. Användandet av feminin könsroll föredrog en undvikande samt anpassande konflikthanteringsstrategi, vilket även tidigare forskning bekräftar. Användandet av feminin könsroll visade negativa samband med användandet av en dominerande konflikthanteringsstrategi. Användandet av maskulin könsroll föredrog en dominerande samt integrerande konflikthanteringsstrategi. Ett negativt samband påvisades mellan maskulin könsroll och undvikande, samt anpassande konflikthanteringsstrategi. En kompromissande konflikthanteringsstrategi visade ett positivt samband med arbetstillfredsställelse. Resultaten diskuteras och kopplas till tidigare forskning samt teorier.

  • 47.
    Bonhomme, Justin
    et al.
    School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Seanor, Michelle
    Human Studies Program, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The career trajectories of two world champion boxers: interpretive thematic analysis of media stories2018In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Athlete development can be described through transitions that mark turning phases throughout athletes’ careers. Our authors explored media data to unpack the career developments of two prominent world champion boxers from their early lives to world championship status. Employing thematic analysis, five themes were identified: (1) weathering hardships of early life (subthemes: the rough life of an innercity kid; abject poverty in war-torn Philippines), (2) entry into sport (subthemes: groomed to fight; boxing to escape poverty), (3) amateur experience (subthemes: Olympic medallist en route to the pros; struggling amateur with dreams of greatness), (4) launching a professional career (impressive American prospect; a charismatic unpolished slugger) and (5) capturing a world title (subthemes: the much-anticipated world champion; the unexpected world champion). This exploration augments our understanding of how two worldrenowned boxers’ career developments were represented through sport media and interpreted by the researchers, suggesting parallel pathways for future career boxers and those who work with them. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 48.
    Bonli, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ahrneteg, Amelia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ung och arbetslös idag: Några arbetslösa ungdomars upplevelse av arbetslöshet2013Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge intohow some unemployed young people perceive their situation as unemployed,which is studied with a focus on their faith in the future, their ownability/competence to affect thechances of getting a job, and whichfactors they feel is importantwhen it comes to getting a jobin the near future. This is studied from theories of locus of control and self-efficacy. Two girls and five boys in the age between 16-24, all unemployed and enrolled in Ungdomskraft, participated in semi structured interviews. Theresults showed that the majority of young people have a high confidence in their own resources and feel that they have control overtheir situation as unemployed. Furthermore,the result showed patterns between internal locus of control and high self-efficacy in relation to a positive faith of the future when it comes to getting a job.

  • 49.
    Book, Robert T.
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Towards investigating athletic talent developmentenvironments in underserved communities in the United States2018In: The Science and Practice of Racket Sport for Improved Performance and Health: Special Focus on Table Tennis: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Urban Johnson, Lars Kristén, Miran Kondrič, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2018, p. 69-70Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This presentation will focus on the content of PhD project of the first author who has had extensive experiences of working in American schools within underserved (i.e., poor) communities. In spite of lacking resources, some of these schools are able to contribute into developing high performance athletes in various sports (including racket sports) and empowering them to achieve the success against the odds. These real life examples served as an inspiration to investigate such athletes’ career pathways and environments in which they had grown up.

    Aim and theoretical framework: The aim of this project is to acquire knowledge regarding the challenges and barriers faced by athletic talent development environments in underserved communities (UATDEs) and how successful UATDEs manage to help athletes achieve athletic and personal success against the odds. The study is based on the holistic ecological approach (Henriksen, 2010; Henriksen & Stambulova, 2017), and particularly on the athletic talent development environment (ATDE) model. The model was previously applied to study ATDEs in Scandinavia with its high social and economic equality. Conversely, in the United States, with its large income gap, many underserved communities struggle to produce elite athletes, and little investigation has been conducted surrounding such environments.

    Project design and method: The project will consist of three studies. Study 1will focus on exploring career pathways to athletic success and related environmental and personal factors in American athletes with low SES background through a series of interviews. Another series of interviews will be used in Study 2 to examine key stakeholders' perspectives on challenges faced and strategies implemented in UATDEs. In Study 3, the case study approach will be used to investigate two successful UATDEs within American communities and identify shared features responsible for their talent development success.

    Expected results: It is expected that Study 1 will reveal that athletes at the UATDEs were forced to deal with hardship and overcome a number of challenges that made them more resilient compared to those from affluent circumstances. From Study 2 it is expected to identify a spectrum of complicated issues (e.g., lack of funding, less access to practice time, lower moral, high stress and low levels of communication and support) that the UATDEs deal with. The anticipated results from Study 3 are that successful UATDEs have unique but also shared features that may form the basis for developing UATDE frameworks as an expansion of the holistic ecological approach.

  • 50.
    Borg, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Idrottsskador: Kan individen påverka rehabiliteringsutfallet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med aktuell studie var att få en uppfattning om hur skadade idrottare använder sig av målsättningsarbete under rehabiliteringen, samt vad de har för upplevelser av a) det sociala stödet och, b) självförtroendet. Till grund för studien formades tre stycken frågeställningar: (1) hur har de skadade idrottarna använt sig av målsättningsarbete, (2) hur ser idrottarnas sociala stöd ut samt (3) hur upplever idrottarna sitt självförtroende. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer på sju stycken deltagare. Deltagarna var två kvinnor och fem män i åldrarna 17 till 33 (M=24.6), från olika idrotter och olika nivåer. Intervjuerna dokumenterades med hjälp av bandspelare för att sedan analyseras genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att självförtroendet påverkades negativt vid skada samt att stödet från familjen och vännerna ansåg viktigast under rehabiliteringen. I aktuell studie framkom det också att det sociala stödet i stor utsträckning hade förändrats under rehabiliteringen. I diskussionen sammankopplas studiens resultat med föreskrivna teoretiska referensramar.

1234567 1 - 50 of 552
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf