hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 98
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Filip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Björklin, Jimmy
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Hur muskelaktiveringen påverkas vid en inåtrotation i axelleden med och utan Activation Grip.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Även om kaströrelsen i detalj skiljer sig mellan olika idrotter så är den biomekaniska funktionen i grunden densamma. Inom alla kastrelaterade idrotter återkommer den så kallade accelerationsfasen, här har det visat sig att inåtrotationen i axelleden har en hög korrelation med bollhastighet i kaströrelsen. Axelledens inåtrotatorer har alltså en viktig funktion för ett effektivt kast. En funktionell uppvärmning av dessa strukturer optimerar prestationsförmågan och minskar skaderisken. Kan träningsredskapet Activation Grip (AG) effektivisera uppvärmningen av den övre extremiteten hos kastidrottare?

    Syfte: Att undersöka och jämföra hur muskelaktiviteten i m. pectoralis major (PM), m. deltoideus anterior (DA), m. flexor carpi raidalis (FCR) och m. extensor digitoris communis (EDC) påverkas vid inåtrotation i axelleden med och utan träningsredskapet AG. Studien syftar även till att utvärdera AG som produkt.

    Metod: Muskelaktiviteten i PM, DA, FCR och EDC registrerades med hjälp av elektromyografi (sEMG) hos 18 aktiva idrottare inom överarmskastrelaterade idrotter (ålder 23,7 ± 5,7) vid inåtrotation i axelleden med maximal hastighet, jämfört med samma rörelse med AG och 30% belastning.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade på en signifikant högre muskelaktivering (p < 0.05) i DA, FCR, EDC under inåtrotationen med maximal hastighet. Hos PM sågs ingen signifikant skillnad i muskelaktivitet. AG fick över lag positiv respons från testdeltagarna. 

    Konklusion: Med resultatet i beaktande så skulle AG kunna kombineras tillsammans med andra uppvärmningsövningar för att få specifik aktivering i önskad muskulatur. Vidare studier gällande rörelse, motstånd och hastighet för att effektivisera användningen av AG bör göras. Även om AG fick positiv respons så bör produkten utvecklas ytterligare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Adler, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Missner, Mario
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Dömd till livstids lärande: Lärande och kompetensutveckling inom företagshälsovården2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är ständig utveckling och förnyelse viktiga överlevnadsvillkor för företag inte minst inom branschen företagshälsovård. Konkurrensen ökar och företagen måste ständigt se till att ligga i framkant och det har allt oftare konstaterats att den viktigaste tillgången är att utveckla de anställdas kompetens. Syftet med studien är att studera personals uppfattningar kring kompetensutvecklingen inom företagshälsans olika yrkesgrupper samt att genom den identifiera hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. För att få svar på syftet har vi använt oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Sammanlagt genomfördes sex intervjuer där fem olika yrkesgrupper representerades och företagets Vd. Studien har en fenemenografisk ansats som medför dataanalysmetod som består av sju steg. Eftersom vi var ute efter variationer av yrkesgruppernas olika uppfattningar var den fenemenografiska ansatsen mest optimal.

    I resultatet framkommer det ett flertal uppfattningar kring kompetensutveckling, lärandestrategier och hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. Vidare finns det gemensamma uppfattningar om att yrkesgrupperna har ett stort handlingsutrymme och att det är nödvändigt för att arbetet ska fungera. En av studiens slutsatser är att tid för reflektion är viktigt för gynnsamma förhållanden. Genom att få mer tid att kunna reflektera över det som har skett tror vi medför ett mer kreativt tänkande och en utveckling av kompetens. En annan intressant slutsats som framkom är att varje yrkesgrupp är i behov av den konsultativa kompetensen och att den aldrig är färdigutvecklad.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Aili, Katarina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport. Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Health related quality of life and buffering factors in adult survivors of acute pediatric lymphoblastic leukemia and their siblings2021In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The improvement in treatment of pediatric acute lymphatic leukemia (ALL) has introduced new challenges for pediatric oncology care in understanding and handling long-term treatment-related complications later in adult life. The aim of this study was to describe health related quality of life (HRQoL) and the relation to buffering factors among young adult (YA) pediatric ALL survivors and their siblings.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 227 adults, treated for pediatric ALL in Sweden between 1985 and 1997 and their siblings (n = 70). Group means of HRQoL (SF-36) were compared between YA ALL survivors and the siblings, as well as to normative values from the general population. Self-efficacy (GSES) and social support (SS-13 subscale AVSI) was considering potential buffering factors for HRQoL and mental health. Associations between HRQoL and mental health respectively and self-efficacy and social support was analyzed.

    RESULTS: The YA ALL survivors scored significantly lower on the HRQoL parameters general health (69.6 vs. 78.4, p = 0.004) and role emotional (77.1 vs. 88.1, p = 0.014), than the siblings. Further, they reported significantly lower general health (69.6 vs. 75.8), vitality (56.9 vs. 68.8), social functioning (84.5 vs. 88.6), role emotional (77.1 vs. 85.7) and mental health (71.3 vs. 80.9) compared with Swedish norms. Both YA ALL survivors and the siblings reported lower vitality and worse mental health than the general population. The HRQoL parameters, depression, stress and anxiety were all associated with both self-efficacy and social support among the YA ALL survivors. Among the siblings however, only general health, vitality, role emotional, mental health and depression were associated with social support, and only general health and mental health were associated with general self-efficacy.

    CONCLUSION: The results from this study show that buffering factors, like social support and self-efficacy, may play an important role for psychosocial outcomes and HRQoL among YA ALL survivors later in life. The results suggest that this group could benefit from continuous support in adult life to handle consequences of their pediatric disease. © 2021, The Author(s).

  • 4.
    Alexandersson, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Meijer, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svahn, Erika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Förändrade studieförutsättningar för högskolestudenter under covid-19 pandemin.: En kvalitativ studie om hur högskolestudenter beskriver utmaningar för lärandet under en pandemi.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The covid-19 pandemic wasn´t something anyone could have prepared for. The global spread of the infection forced countries to make drastic changes. Workplaces and educational institutions were ordered into work from home policies, to the extent possible, which in turn had a sinificant impact on remote learning for students at universities and colleges. The intention of this study was to describe and document experiences of connection and prerequisities to their learning, and how they were affected by the involuntary restrictions brought on by the covid-19 pandemic. The study grounds in two theories and students chosen learning strategies during the distance courses will be presented. The teories used to interpret the result of the study are the social cultural perspective on learning and health theory SOC, also referred to as ”sense of coherense”. The data for the study was collected through semistructured interviews. Two focus group interviews alongside four individual interviews were analyzed using utilizing qualitycontent analysis. The result showed different experiences among the students, both positive and negative that had impact on them during distance studies with a general result that the ability for learning had changed. The result may offer ideas to necessary measures for educational institutions and guidence to help promote wellbeing and learning strategies for students. Since the study´s linked to both health and learning provides relevance for the health pedagogical perspective.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Daunfeldt, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg Pulli, Sarah
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är en självklarhet för oss att hänga med i framtidens utveckling": - En kvalitativ studie om ledares uppfattningar av krav, resurser och lärande i en organisatorisk digital förändringsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As digitalization increases in speed and we become more digital, changes are brought upon every part of society, not least our workplaces. While these changes often create efficiency in organizations, they also come with high demands on individual learning and well-being. Leaders play a central role in change processes, thus improvingleadership is of utmost importance. The purpose of this study was to examine leaders’perception of job demands, resources and learning in an organizational digital change process and contribute to the body of research with understanding of what creates success and health promotion in such change processes. To examine and answer the research questions, eight semi-structured interviews were held with leaders from the care office of the municipality. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis. The results from this study show that theleaders’ positive attitude towards digitalization induce wellbeing and that individualmotivation drivers are important resources to support healthiness. The study also finds that the most prominent demand that leaders experience in the digitalization process is to be a good role model. Further, the results show that occasions for education and reflection regarding digitalization are main drivers to promote leaders’ learning.Success is created from having a positive attitude, individual motivation drivers, a supportive learning environment for formal learning, and opportunities for informal learning. For an organizational digital change process to be health promotional, motivation and support are important factors as they create opportunities for improvement of well-being and learning at the workplace.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Successful Dying? Older Adults Reflection on Finitude of Life and Strategies to Cope with Ageing2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I have followed a group of older adults (the oldest born 1925 and the youngest 1946) through a total of 6 focus group events to highlight how older people relate to their own aging in aspects of temporality and the finitude of life. In total, 5 women and 9 men attended the focus groups. Themes for the focus groups have been: “Popular and public beliefs about aging”, “Older, Senior, Old”, “Breakpoints in Life”, “My Aging”, “Recap”. Finitude proved to be something that all informants reflected on virtually daily and in several dimensions. The informants also expressed the feeling that there were aspects of, in particular, the bodily aging, which they felt were beyond their control. Here the statements follow the same reasoning as has been shown in previous studies on the aging body as divided into an interior body and an exterior body. The lack of control was combined with strategies to take control over their future ageing. Self-governing strategies such as exercising and being active physically as well as cognitive was used to increase the number of healthy years. Other ways of taking control were about future written instructions to healthcare professionals and related people about how to be cared for in the final stages of life and the drastic alternative of euthanasia. The chosen strategies, and the will to take control over ageing as well as dying made the boundaries of successful ageing expand to also include strategies for successful dying.

  • 7.
    Appel, Joel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Karlsson, Simon
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wigren, Filip
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    En digital kaffe, tack!: En kvalitativ studie om social arbetsmiljö, hälsa och lärande vid distansarbete2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det senaste året har världen drabbats av en pandemi som gjort att många medarbetare behövt anpassa sitt arbete till distans. Distansarbete skapar utmaningar i att främja den sociala arbetsmiljön. Tidigare forskning visar att distansarbete kan påverka både individens hälsa och lärande. Distansarbete kan bland annat leda till en risk för social isolering. Även kommunikation och informationsutbyte mellan medarbetare kan bli en utmaning och försämras. Denna studie kommer därför att belysa hur medarbetare, både män och kvinnor, inom olika organisationer upplever att distansarbete påverkar deras sociala arbetsmiljö, hälsa och lärande. Studiens lärandeperspektiv har tagit utgångspunkt från det sociokulturella perspektivet. Studiens hälsoperspektiv utgår från känsla av sammanhang (KASAM). Fem män och fem kvinnor med olika befattningar inom olika organisationer intervjuades. Intervjuer genomfördes och analyserades utefter en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där tre huvudkategorier skapades. Resultatet visade att det finns både för- och nackdelar vid distansarbete. Kvinnorna upplevde en högre grad av social isolering medan männen upplevde att telefonkontakten var tillräcklig för behovet av social kontakt. Det sociala stödet ansågs i många fall vara tillräckligt, men att dialog, kommunikation och lärande kan hämmas vid distansarbete. Resultatet går för det mesta i linje med tidigare forskning. Slutsatser var att distansarbete kan leda till social isolering vid brist på social kontakt, även lärandet kan hämmas vid distansarbete på grund av begränsade möjligheter för dialog och kommunikationsutbyten. Den sociala arbetsmiljön kan främjas genom digitala sociala aktiviteter och kollegor och chefers sociala stöd vid distansarbete.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8. Arvidsson, Julia
    Difference in Jump Height and Jump Length in Youth Soccer Players Selected or Not Selected for the National Team2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With the aim of professional status and sporting success, selection processes and talent identification in youth players are common in football clubs and national teams. Football requiring different types of abilities, standing out in certain abilities can be important in the selection process for national teams. Physical abilities including maximal power can differ between players in the same age group due to growth and maturation and might therefore be important factors in the selection process. Previous studies have mentioned maximal power as one of many performance indicators for football performance. However, few studies have investigated its importance regarding youth players selected or not selected for the national team. Aim: The study was designed to measure and compare jump height and jump length in three different jump tests between youth soccer players selected or not selected for the national team. Methods: Twenty-two (n=22) players, eleven national players and eleven non-national players performed three different jump tests. The players were 17±2 years old from the club Halmstads BK, Halmstad. The study was an observational crosssectional study that was designed to measure and compare jump height and jump length in three different jump tests between youth soccer players selected or not selected for the national team. The jump tests that were used in the present study was Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Abalakov Jump (AJ) and Standing Long Jump (SLJ). Mean scores for the tests in both groups were analyzed and compared and the criterion level for significance was set to p ≤ 0.05. Results: The results showed a significant difference between the groups regarding jump height in CMJ (p=0.013) and in AJ (p=0.010). No significant difference was found regarding jump length in SLJ (p=0.084). Conclusion: The findings of this study showed a significant difference in Countermovement Jump (CMJ) and Abalakov Jump (AJ) between national players (NP) and non-national players (NNP). The study found no significant difference between the groups in Standing Long Jump (SLJ). The results indicate the use of maximal power as a performance indicator and part of the selection of players to national teams. Anthropometric data (age, weight and height) was similar between the groups, therefore, other maturation and growth factors together with biological age are aspects that might have influenced the results. Future studies are suggested to investigate maturation status and its importance for maximal power in national players and non-national players. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Gilljam, Britt-Mari
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing. Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Ruland, Cornelia Maria
    The Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (CSDM), Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway & University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Nordby-Bøe, Trude
    The Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (CSDM), Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Redesign and Validation of Sisom, an Interactive Assessment and Communication Tool for Children With Cancer2016In: JMIR mhealth and uhealth, E-ISSN 2291-5222, Vol. 4, no 2, article id e76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Children with cancer undergo intensive and long treatment periods that expose them and their families to a number of difficult physical, mental, and social challenges. Empowering children by actively involving them in their care can help them to cope with these challenges. It can, however, be difficult for children to be involved and talk about their illness experiences in a "traditional" conversation with health care professionals, especially for younger children. Sisom (Norwegian acronym "Si det som det er" or "Tell it how it is") is an interactive computer-based assessment and communication tool to give children (aged 6-12 years) with cancer a "voice" in their care. Because of technological advances and widespread use of mobile devices Sisom had to be redesigned to better meet the needs of children of today.

    OBJECTIVE: To redesign Sisom for use on mobile devices and to validate and adapt it for use in a Swedish population of children with cancer.

    METHODS: A user-experience design was used. Content adaptation included forward-backward translation by Swedish and Norwegian translators. Healthy children (n=5), children with experiences of cancer treatment (n=5) and their parents (n=5), and pediatric nurses (n=2) were then involved in culturally adapting Sisom to the Swedish context. The iterative low- and high-fidelity evaluation was supported by a think aloud method, semistructured interviews, and drawings to capture children's views of Sisom. The redesign and evaluation continued until no further changes or improvements were identified by the participants or the researchers.

    RESULTS: Children, parents, and pediatric nurses offered many suggestions for improvements to the original version in terms of content, aesthetics, and usability of Sisom. The most significant change that emerged through user input was a modification that entailed not using problem-focused statements in the assessment items. The parents and pediatric nurses considered the revised assessment items to be general and less diagnosis specific. The evaluation of aesthetics resulted in brighter colors and more positive and exciting details in the animations. The evaluation of usability included improvements of the verbal instructions on how to navigate in Sisom 2, and also that the answers to assessmentitems in Sisom 2 should be saved to provide the children with the option to pause and to continue answering the remaining assessment items at a later stage.

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this paper describes the process of using user-experience design with children in order to redesign and validate an interactive assessment and communication tool and how the outcomes of this process resulted in a new version, Sisom 2. All participants confirmed the usability and qualities of using the final version. Future research should be directed toward the implementation of Sisom 2 in clinical practice and to evaluate outcomes from individual and organizational levels.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Backman, Ellen
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Region Halland, Halmstad, Sverige.
    Ordinary mealtimes under extraordinary circumstances: Routines and rituals of nutrition, feeding and eating in children with a gastrostomy and their families2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore routines and rituals related to feeding, eating, and mealtimes in families that have a child with a gastrostomy tube (G-tube), from the perspectives of healthcare professionals, the children, and their parents. The thesis is based on four empirical studies. Study I is a longitudinal, quantitative study with the aim to describe children with developmental or acquired disorders receiving a G-tube, and to compare characteristics, contacts with healthcare professionals, and longitudinal eating outcomes. Findings from Study I demonstrated that children with developmental disorders needed G-tube feeding for longer than children with acquired disorders. Children with developmental disorders were also younger at G-tube placement, and had more multidisciplinary healthcare. These findings led to the subsequent studies focused specifically on children with developmental disorders. 

    Study II applies mixed methods and explores everyday life, health care, and intervention goals during the first year following G-tube placement through the documentation in medical records. In Studies III and IV, the experiences of family mealtimes for children with a G-tube and their parents are collected through individual interviews that are analysed qualitatively. Triangulation of methods, participants, researchers, and data across the four studies is applied to search for confirmation between findings, as well as to identify areas of discrepancy. Ecocultural theory, the WHO framework ICF, and the concept of participation form the conceptual framework of the thesis. Taken together, findings from the studies describe how the main experiences of feeding, eating, and mealtime relate to specific impairments of the child, the collective value attached to family mealtimes, and the parental responsibility to harmonise competing interests and conflicts among family members and/or healthcare professionals. 

    This thesis extends previous research by focusing on the ecocultural context of the child in combination with a dimensional understanding of health. The findings shed light on measures taken by the families themselves to adjust to and handle their daily lives, as well as spell out areas where more support is needed. Furthermore, this thesis suggests that an expanded focus on children’s participation in everyday mealtimes, and in the healthcare follow-up of G-tube feeding, is important in enhancing intervention outcomes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download full text (pdf)
    Errata
  • 11.
    Backman, Ellen
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Ätutveckling hos barn – en gemensam utmaning för barn och dess vårdnadshavare2016In: Små & stora nyheter, ISSN 1400-4186, no maj, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sverige.
    Eberhart, Barbara
    Västerbottens läns landsting, Umeå, Sverige.
    Gustafsson, Carin
    Region Skåne, Malmö, Sverige.
    Häggström Qvist, Camilla
    Västra Götalandsregionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lindberger, Lena
    Stockholms läns landsting, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nolemo, Maria
    Landstinget Västmanland, Västerås, Sverige.
    Nylander, Eva-Marie
    Västra Götalandsregionen, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Ragnar, Catarina
    Region Kronoberg, Växjö, Sverige.
    Holck, Pernille
    Region Skåne, Malmö, Sverige.
    Metoder för att stimulera språk och kommunikation hos barn, ungdomar och vuxna inom habiliteringen2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Språkliga och kommunikativa begränsningar är vanligt förekommande vid ett flertal av de diagnoser och tillstånd som återfinns hos personer inom habiliteringsverksamheter i Sverige och förutsätter en tvärprofessionell och långvarig insats. Syftet med föreliggande arbete är att systematiskt beskriva bästa tillgängliga evidens avseende interventioner fokuserade på språklig och kommunikativ förmåga för personer med medfödda funktionsnedsättningar från sex års ålder och uppåt inom habiliteringsverksamhet. Arbetet kan ses som en fortsättning på EBH-rapporten ”Tidiga kommunikations- och språkinsatser till förskolebarn”.Internationellt publicerade interventionsstudier från de senaste 15 åren med fokus på språkliga och kommunikativa förmågor vid typiskt förekommande diagnoser inom habiliteringsverksamhet granskades och sammanfattades. Initialt inkluderades endast översiktsartiklar och metaanalyser, men då dessa till största delen hade fokus på autism och/eller Alternativ och Kompletterande Kommunikation (AKK) utökades sökningen till att även inkludera ett antal primärstudier med annat fokus. Rapporten omfattar 67 studier.Resultatet visar att ”stark rekommendation att använda” (enligt GRADE) endast förekommer i begränsad utsträckning, och när det förekommer är det vid insatser relaterade till autism och/eller AKK. ”Stark rekommendation att inte använda” finns vid insatser relaterade till akupunktur/akupressur och faciliterad kommunikation. Det kan konstateras att det finns en stor brist på studier avseende vuxna personer respektive intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.Detta arbete tillför ytterligare kunskap till området för evidensbaserade insatser vid svårigheter när det gäller kommunikation och språk, och visar att evidens i strikt bemärkelse är svår att erhålla bland annat beroende på de små och heterogena patientgrupperna och, som en konsekvens av detta, en brist på stora randomiserade studier.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Regional Habilitation Centre, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    CHILD Research group, SIDR, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Ann-Kristin
    Department of Research and Development, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Documentation of everyday life and health care following gastrostomy tube placement in children: a content analysis of medical records2020In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 42, no 19, p. 2747-2757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Everyday routines play a vital role in child functioning and development. This study explored health professionals’ documentation of everyday life and health care during the first year following gastrostomy tube placement in children and the content of intervention goals. Methods: The medical records of 39 children (median age 38 months, min–max: 15–192) in one region of Sweden were analysed. A content analysis approach was used with an inductive qualitative analysis supplemented by a deductive, quantitative analysis of documented intervention goals following the ICF-CY. Results: One overall theme, “Seeking a balance”, captured the view of life with a gastrostomy and the health care provided. Two categories, “Striving for physical health” and “Depicting everyday life” with seven sub-categories, captured the key aspects of the documentation. Twenty-one children (54%) had intervention goals related to the gastrostomy, and these goals primarily focused on the ICF-CY component “Body functions”. Conclusions: To some extent the medical records reflected different dimensions of everyday life, but the intervention goals clearly focused on bodily aspects. Understanding how health care for children using a gastrostomy is documented and planned by applying an ecocultural framework adds a valuable perspective and can contribute to family-centred interventions for children using a gastrostomy.Implications for Rehabilitation There is a need for increased awareness in healthcare professionals for a more consistent and holistic healthcare approach in the management of children with gastrostomy tube feeding. This study suggests that an expanded focus on children’s participation in everyday mealtimes and in the healthcare follow-up of gastrostomy tube feeding is important in enhancing the intervention outcome. Multidisciplinary teams with a shared bio-psycho-social understanding of health would contribute to a situation in which the everyday lives of households adapt to living with gastrostomy. Routine care for children with gastrostomy should follow a checklist combining crucial physiological aspects of gastrostomy tube feeding with seemingly mundane family functions in order to achieve a successful gastrostomy tube feeding intervention.  © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 14.
    Backman, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Regional Habilitation Center, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Ann-Kristin
    Department of Research and Development, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Sjögreen, Lotta
    Mun-H-Center Orofacial Resource Center for Rare Diseases, Public Dental Service, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gastrostomy tube feeding in children with developmental or acquired disorders: A longitudinal comparison on health care provision, and eating outcomes four years after gastrostomy2018In: Nutrition in clinical practice, ISSN 0884-5336, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 576-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies on long‐term feeding and eating outcomes in children requiring gastrostomy tube feeding (GT) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe children with developmental or acquired disorders receiving GT and to compare longitudinal eating and feeding outcomes. A secondary aim was to explore healthcare provision related to eating and feeding.

    Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records of children in 1 administrative region of Sweden with GT placement between 2005 and 2012. Patient demographics, primary diagnoses, age at GT placement, and professional healthcare contacts prior to and after GT placement were recorded and compared. Feeding and eating outcomes were assessed 4 years after GT placement.

    Results: The medical records of 51 children, 28 boys and 23 girls, were analyzed and grouped according to “acquired” (n = 13) or “developmental” (n = 38) primary diagnoses. At 4 years after GT placement, 67% were still using GT. Only 6 of 37 (16%) children with developmental disorders transferred to eating all orally, as opposed to 10 of 11 (91%) children with acquired disorders. Children with developmental disorders were younger at the time of GT placement and displayed a longer duration of GT activity when compared with children with acquired disorders.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrates a clear difference between children with developmental or acquired disorders in duration of GT activity and age at GT placement. The study further shows that healthcare provided to children with GT is in some cases multidisciplinary, but primarily focuses on feeding rather than eating.

  • 15.
    Birgersson, Rikard
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Eliasson, Eric
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Unilateralt och bilateralt genomförande av bänkpress och dess påverkan på varandra sett till muskelaktivering, effekt, och kraftutveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It has been studied whether strength-exercises performed with two arms (bilateral) leads to better performance when compared to exercises performed with only one arm (unilateral), and it has been shown that both implementations result in similar results after a short training period. At the same time, research shows that mixed results between different implementations in terms of muscle activation and force development exists.

    Objective: The main purpose of this study was to see the effect of unilateral or bilateral warm-up in the bench press and its influence on subsequent unilateral and bilateral performance in the bench press, investigating the factors: muscle activation, power, and force development. A secondary purpose was to relate the results of the study to bilateral index, to see if bilateral deficit or bilateral facilitation dominates.

    Method: Strength-trained men (n = 13, age 25 ± 3 years) warmed up with two different implementations (unilateral or bilateral), and after each individual warm-up they performed three submaximal lifts (40 and 80% of 1RM) in unilateral and bilateral bench press. Muscle activity, power, and force development were measured in muscles pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps brachii, after each individual warm-up during three submaximal lifts (40 and 80% of 1RM) in unilateral and bilateral bench press.

    Results: Significant results were found in unilateral performance in power and force development after unilateral warm-up (184 ± 36 W and 164 ± 31 W; 416 ± 76 N and 412 ± 74 N) compared with bilateral warm-up (p = 0.05). There were no significant differences between the different implementations in bilateral performance. Significant differences were neither found in the muscle activation of any of the implementations. The study also found evidence of a difference between the test participants regarding bilateral deficit and bilateral facilitation in terms of power and force development, where the majority of the test participants had bilateral facilitation.

    Conclusion: Regardless of warm-up, no difference was seen in the strength-trained men regarding muscle activation in the bilateral or unilateral bench press, however, the warm-up  was of importance to performance. Therefore, unilateral warm-up should be applied before unilateral performance, as this showed significant improvement. Although no significant improvement was observed, a bilateral warm-up should also preceed a bilateral performance.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Unilateralt och bilateralt genomförande av bänkpress och dess påverkan på varandra sett till muskelaktivering, effekt, och kraftutveckling
  • 16.
    Björklund, Isabell
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dahlquist, Rebecka
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nykvist, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Implementering av digital teknik på vårdenheter: En kvalitativ studie utifrån vårdpersonals perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of digital technology is to increase the efficiency of health- and welfare services. This study's focus is on whether health- and care staff can have any influence on what type of digital technology that is going to be introduced and applied in their workplace. The study uses the theory of health, known as Sense Of Coherence (SOC), developmental learning and experiential learning. In addition, the study uses a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews. The empirical information is then analysed with a qualitative analysis. The result from the analysis is separated into two main categories; the health and care-staff were able to try out and decide regarding digital technology and educations and “superusers”as support to learning. The results showed that several people in the health- and care staff were given the opportunity to influence on what type of technology that is going to be used in the care unit’s and were given the opportunity to participate in the educations.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Blixt, Angelica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Marshall, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Rutgersson, Liselott
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Förändring, lärande och hälsa: En kvalitativ studie om hur medarbetare beskriver och uppfattar arbetet inom en kommunal enhet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Change is a part of life, as is learning and health, which should reasonably mean that these processes affect each other. This study is about how employees within a municipal unit, whose main task is to work to promote health towards seniors, describe and experience these three processes based on their workplace context. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine from a health pedagogical perspective how the employees described change and learning at the unit and how they felt that these processes affected their health. Method: The study was based on a qualitative approach where four focus group interviews were used as a data collection method. The sample consisted of 12 employees who were interviewed in groups of four. The results were analyzed on the basis of a qualitative content analysis. Results: The employees described that today's seniors are more active and that the work requires digital competence and external monitoring. They also described that learning at the unit is promoted by cooperation and a permissive atmosphere. The employees felt that their health was promoted by everyone (organization, manager and employees) taking responsibility for a good working environment. Conclusion: The processes of change, learning and health place high demands on a sharply defined organizational structure and health-promoting leadership. Good relationships and strategies for dialogue and reflection are also important in managing change while at the same time promoting learning and health. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Blizniuk, Viktoryia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Health literacy among young people in Sweden: Qualitative study of the school-based health education2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The basic components of the health literacy are ability to get access to the health-related informationand understand it. For the young people the most appropriate source of information, including abouthealth, is school. Studies on health education showed that there are some problematic issues in thehealth education in the schools in Sweden which result in non-application of the knowledge by thestudents.Thus, the aim of this study was to explore and analyze school-based health education in Sweden fromthe youth perspective. The purpose of the study was to indicate the best practices of health educationwithin schools in Sweden and reveal the most problematic fields and gaps in it from the point of viewof the youth.Qualitative research was conducted for exploring the research problem. Therefor semi-structuredinterviews were held with young people aged 18-25 having studied in the schools in Sweden. The datawas analyzed within social learning theory with application of thematic analysis methodology. Besides,literature and previous researches review has been conducted as a background study.In the result of this research it was revealed that although young people are satisfied with the resultsof the health classes and show trust to the school as a source of information, some information lacksin the health education, e.g. mental health education. Besides, some issues have been noticed as to theschool environment around health education which can impede application of the health knowledge.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Blyh, Heidi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Segerlund, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Effekten av digitala autonomistödjande textmeddelanden på deltagarnas behovstillfredsställelse, motivation till motion och motionsbeteende: en interventionsstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and a randomized controlled trial design, the effect of autonomy-supportive text messages was examined in comparison with neutral messages or no messages regarding the participants basic psychological needs, motivation and activity level. Digital quantitative data collection was used, and the web surveys were sent out three times to participants, pre, during and post intervention. A total of 107 male and female volunteers responded to the baseline measurement and were then divided into three different groups, inactive control group (n = 45), active control group (n = 29) and intervention group (n = 33). The intervention took place in relation to a step contest. Text messages were sent to the participant’s in the active control group and intervention group twice a week for a total of eight weeks, via a digital platform. There were no significant differences between the groups in the baseline measurement. A two-way ANOVA (repeated measure) showed that the intervention had a significant effect on the experience of relatedness during the intervention. However, there were no other significant intervention effects. The results suggest that the digital intervention, to provide participants with autonomy supportive text messages, does not have a lasting effect on need satisfaction, motivation or activity level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Bohäll, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Malmström, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Personliga assistenters psykosociala arbetsmiljö: En kvalitativ studie inom offentlig och privat sektor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal assistance is a unique profession to the extent that the assistant comes the client close to life through participation in order to improve the individual's life and living conditions. The work is also unique as it uses the client’s home environment. The purpose of the following essay is to explore personal assistants’ experiences of a psychosocial work environment in order to increase knowledge about risk and health factors in work with people with disabilities. The collection of the empirical material has been done through a qualitative design to capture the respondents' experiences about the psychosocial work environment. The qualitative method which has been used is semi structured interviews with the aim of giving respondents a possibility to express themselves freely about their psychosocial work environment. In total seven interviews have been conducted through a selection from four respondents as in turn entered new people. The interviews have been transcribed to enable an analysis of the collected empiricism. The empiricism shows that personal assistants feel motivation in work when they witness the clients’ development. The empiricism also shows that demands and control especially come from the client’s family and affect the psychosocial work environment a lot. The empiricism at last shows that social support from both colleagues and managers represent a great value for the psychosocial work environment for personal assistants.

    The conclusion of the psychosocial work environment based on the results is a work situation based on high demands, low control and low social support. Although the psychosocial work environment is perceived to be difficult by the assistants they appreciate the possibility to enable a more worthwhile life for the clients. The conclusion is as well that each employer has an important work to do with the psychosocial work environment in order to make the personal assistants work environment better in the future. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Boson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Viktor, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "Rummet utan fyra väggar": - en fenomenografisk studie om sex förskollärares uppfattningar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utvecvkling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Idag visar forskning på allt fler stillasittande och inaktiva barn vilket delvis kan bero på samhällets tekniska framfart. För att barn ska ges möjlighet till att utveckla sina motoriska färdigheter visar studier på att förskolan bör erbjuda en utmanande och stimulerande utomhusmiljö men en del forskare menar att förskolors utomhusmiljö kan se väldigt olika ut. Syftet med detta examensarbete har varit att intervjua sex förskollärare om deras uppfattningar angående förskolegårdens möjligheter till att stimulera barns motoriska utveckling. Studien är en fenomenografisk ansats där vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod och där empirin inom studien utgjort grunden för arbetet. Resultatet i vår studie visar på att även om förskolan ligger centralt eller i utkantanten av en storstad eller en småstad har förskollärarna i stort sätt liknande uppfattningar och tankar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utveckling. Det är enligt förskollärarna en kombination mellan förskolegårdens utformning och faktorer som exempelvis deras egen roll som ger barn de bästa möjligheterna till motorisk utveckling på förskolans utegård.

    Nyckelord; Barn, fenomenografi, förskolegård, förskollärarens roll och motorik

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Broddstedt, Ulrica
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att kunna göra sin röst hörd: en fallstudie om vuxnas synsätt på dövblinda barns kommunikation2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is written in Swedish.

    Severe congenital impairments make communication challenging. Adults’ approach is crucial, in order to enable the child to make itself heard and understood and to use "a voice of its’ own". 

    This study addresses the following issues in relation to the child´s utterance:

    • How do adults describe their own view of the child?

    • How do adults describe their views on themselves, such as the child’s communication partner?  

    • How do adults regard the importance of the interpersonal meeting?

    The study adopts a qualitative approach, with case studies based on focus group interviews. The respondents are communication partners to two teenagers. An abductive approach was used.

    The results show that the children were perceived to have their own, bodily voice. The view of the child was related to self reflection or working methods. “Openness, focus and presence” facilitate identifying and interpreting expressions. Close relationships, attitudes and partner skills are important for utterance and the opportunity to develop as a communicative person.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Viklund, Åsa
    Department of Social Work, Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Birkeland, Anna-Lena
    Department of Social Work, Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Creating a communication space in the healthcare context: Children’s perspective of using the eHealth service, Sisom2021In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 31-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the United Nation’s Convention of the Rights of the Child, children have the right to participate in their own healthcare and make their opinions heard. The aim of this study was thus to explore the impact of using an eHealth service, Sisom, to gain the children’s perspectives during their healthcare appointments. Data were gathered through individual interviews with a purposeful sample of 16 children, aged 6–13 years old, treated for different diseases and using the eHealth service, Sisom, during their healthcare appointments. The interviews were analysed using a constructivist grounded theory. The results showed that using Sisom made children’s voice heard by creating a communication space in the healthcare setting. This meant that the children got involved in the communication, were acknowledged as an important person who could give the answers to questions and were given time. Implementing the use of Sisom is a way to make children’s needs and preferences explicitly visible for decision-making in practice and thereby supporting the further development of child-centred care in practice. © The Author(s) 2020.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Cato, Hampus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Correlation Between 3000-meter Running Performance, Yo-Yo IR1 & Submaximal Treadmill Jogging Test2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physiologic functional capacity through maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) can be measured in many different ways depending on sport and qualities needed to be assessed.In handball a demanding 3000 meter (m) running test is used to evaluate V̇O2max. If this test is sport specific or if it could be replaced by a less strenuous test is unknown. Aim: The aim ofthis study was to compare performance on 3000-meter running with predicted V̇O2max from a submaximal treadmill jogging test (SMTJ) and performance of the Yo-Yo intermittentrecovery test 1 (IR1). Methods: Male handball players (n = 12) performed the 3000 m running test, the Submaximal Treadmill Jogging test and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery test level 1. Measurements in seconds (s), ml ∙ kg-1 ∙ min-1 and meters where collected and correlated using Pearson r, interclass correlation. Results: A strong significant linear correlation (p < 0.01) was found between performance in 3000 m running (s) and Yo-Yo IR1 performance (m), r = - 0.724 (r2 = 0.524). A weak, not significant linear correlation (p > 0.05)was found between performance in 3000 m running (s) and predicted V̇O2max from submaximal treadmill test (ml ∙ kg-1 ∙ min-1), r = - 0.309 (r2 = 0.095). Conclusion: According to this study the 3000 m running test could be replaced by the Yo-Yo IR1 test or vice versa in adolescent male handball players. The submaximal treadmill test used in this study had several potential errors in estimating V̇O2max, this is probably the reason why only a weak correlation was found between the SMTJ and the 3000 m running test.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Cider, Asa
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Pihl, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Response to 'Exercise programmes and quality of life in the elderly important facts'2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 128-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Delooz, Quentin
    et al.
    Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt, Ingolstadt, Germany.
    Willecke, Alexander
    Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Garlichs, Keno
    Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Hagau, Andreas Christian
    Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Wolf, Lars
    Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology. University Of Passau, Passau, Germany.
    Festag, Andreas
    Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt, Ingolstadt, Germany.
    Analysis and Evaluation of Information Redundancy Mitigation for V2X Collective Perception2022In: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 10, p. 47076-47093Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensor data sharing enables vehicles to exchange locally perceived sensor data among each other and with the roadside infrastructure to increase their environmental awareness. It is commonly regarded as a next-generation vehicular communication service beyond the exchange of highly aggregated messages in the first generation. The approach is being considered in the European standardization process, where it relies on the exchange of locally detected objects representing anything safety-relevant, such as other vehicles or pedestrians, in periodically broadcasted messages to vehicles in direct communication range. Objects filtering methods for inclusion in a message are necessary to avoid overloading a channel and provoking unnecessary data processing. Initial studies provided in a pre-standardization report about sensor data sharing elaborated a first set of rules to filter objects based on their characteristics, such as their dynamics or type. However, these rules still lack the consideration of information received by other stations to operate. Specifically, to address the problem of information redundancy, several rules have been proposed, but their performance has not been evaluated yet comprehensively. In the present work, the rules are further analyzed, assessed, and compared. Functional and operational requirements are investigated. A performance evaluation is realized by discrete-event simulations in a scenario for a representative city with realistic vehicle densities and mobility patterns. A score and other redundancy-level metrics are elaborated to ease the evaluation and comparison of the filtering rules. Finally, improvements and future works to the filtering methods are proposed. Author

  • 27.
    Durmus, Dorukalp
    et al.
    Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennysylvania, United States.
    Nilsson Tengelin, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Jägerbrand, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Investigating the methods and health outcomes of research studies on light pollution and human physiology and behaviour: a systematic review2022In: 2021 Joint Conference - 11th International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting & 17th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Lighting (EEDAL/LS:17), IEEE, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light at night (LAN) enables humans to extend their lifestyle and exploration, cultivates economic growth, and increases the perception of safety. On the other hand, LAN has been connected to adverse health outcomes, such as circadian disruption, mood effects, and increased breast cancer incidence risk in humans. Studies investigating health outcomes of LAN utilize a variety of methods sometimes resulting in conflicting outcomes. We conducted a systematic review focusing on the experimental methods and health outcomes of LAN studies. While most studies found a negative impact of LAN on human health, lighting conditions were not adequately reported or controlled in many cases. Recommendations are provided for future research studies investigating LAN effects on human health outcomes. © 2022 IEEE

  • 28.
    Egeborg Heiwe, Therese
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Anousha, Stare
    Halmstad University.
    Tro på konspirationsteorier och dess samband med kognitiva tankestilar, utbildning och tro på alternativa fakta2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study's purpose was to examine how intuitive thinking, analytical thinking, critical thinking, belief in pseudoscience, education, approach to science regarding climate and approach to science regarding vaccines correlates with belief in conspiracy theories. The study used a quantitative cross-sectional design where the participants answered a questionnaire that measured the variables intuitive thinking, analytical thinking, critical thinking, belief in pseudoscience, education, approach to science regarding climate and approach to science regarding vaccines. The data was collected through a non-randomized convenience and volunteer sampling. The participants (N=125) were aged 18 to 82 (M=46.28, SD=13.48) whereof 75 were women, 48 were men and 2 chose other/wish to not say. Two analyses were conducted where the result showed that each model was significant. The result showed that the variable belief in pseudoscience had a significant positive correlation with belief in conspiracy theories and the variable approach to vaccine had a significant negative correlation with belief in conspiracy theories. The variable intuitive thinking was shown to be a significant predictor based on a self-assessment measurement but not based on a measurement through a cognitive reflection test. Analytical thinking, education, critical thinking and approach to science regarding climate were not significant predictors in each model. The result showed that a higher level of belief in pseudoscience, a higher tendency to use intuitive thinking and a negative approach to science regarding vaccine correlated with a higher belief in conspiracy theories.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Engberg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The weight lifting belt’s impact on power output, velocity and range of motion in a squat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Using a weight lifting belt when performing a variety of resistance exercises is becoming more and more common. The purpose of using a weight lifting belt is its supposed ability to reduce compressive forces on the lumbar spine and enhancement of athletic performance. Although the weight lifting belt has been proven to increase the intra abdominal pressure that helps reduces the shear forces during a squat, little is known about the weight lifting belts effect on the performance.

    Studies have suggested that wearing a weight lifting belt during a squat can increase the vertical velocity and range of motion. Few studies have focused on the power output, but improvements have been seen while wearing a weight lifting belt when performing a deadlift. Variables such as power, velocity and range of motion are of importance for an athlete when making individual training plans as well as measuring the progress. Therefore more research is needed to identify the actual influence of the weight lifting belt on the performance.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine if weight lifting belts have an impact on an athletes ability to develop power, velocity or improve range of motion in a squat.

    Methods: Fifteen healthy men and women familiar with the squat exercise participated in the study. During the study they performed six repetitions of the squat divided into two sets, one set without a weight lifting belt and one with a weight lifting belt. Power and velocity were measured during every squat with a linear encoder and videotapes were made to later calculate the angles in the hip- and knee joints at the lowest position of the exercise.

    Results: No significant differences were found in power (p = 0.25) or concentric and eccentric velocity (p = 0.61, p = 0.16) with or without a weight lifting belt. Range of motion in the knee joint was greater when not wearing a weight lifting belt (p = 0.03), but no differences in the hip angles were found (p = 0.70).

    Conclusion: The result from the current study shows that when performing a squat the weight lifting belt has little to no effect on power, velocity or range of motion. Although a noticeable change in range of motion of the knee joint were observed, further studies on larger populations are needed to determine if it is of clinical value. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Eriksson, Karolin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Luts, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Medarbetarperspektiv på maktrelationer och deras koppling till hälsa: en studie bland anställda på en sluten behandlingsavdelning för unga män.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor är en förutsättning för arbetsmiljön och är därför också en förutsättning förarbetsplatshälsan. Detta är framförallt viktigt att ha i åtanke vid arbeten med människor ikomplexa situationer som har problem med till exempel droger, kriminalitet eller våld. Syftetmed föreliggande studie är att synliggöra medarbetarnas upplevelser av handlingsutrymme ochmaktrelationer i förhållande till sin arbetskontext på ett behandlingshem för unga män. Medfokus på tidigare erfarenheter utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv är syftet även att belysarelationernas koppling till medarbetarnas hälsa. Tidigare forskning har visat att relationer ochpersonligheter har betydelse för intagna individers hälsa inom fängelsemiljöer, institutioner ochpsykiatriska behandlingskliniker (Wästerfors, 2009; dosReis och Davarya, 2008; Woodall, 2007).Det är dock inte helt självklart hur medarbetarna påverkas av relationerna i deras arbetskontext,något som därmed är viktigt och intressant att undersöka.Denna studie har en kvalitativ ansats som utgår från metodtriangulering med hjälp avfrågeformulär och intervjuer. Empirin består av tretton besvarade frågeformulär och tvådjupgående intervjuer som har analyserats genom kodning för att till slut svara på studiens syfte.Resultaten belyser vikten av flexibilitet för att kunna anpassa sig till en ombytlig arbetskontext,men också att stödet från och samarbetet med kollegorna påverkar relationen till de unga männen.Arbetsplatsens relationer påverkar makt och handlingsutrymme, vilka är individuella upplevelsersom ständigt förändras. Medarbetarnas makt och handlingsutrymme i förhållande till de ungamännen upplevs vara större i de situationer där kollegornas stöd och kompetens är närvarandeoch mindre då de unga männen vistas i grupp. Detta kan betraktas som en form av kollektivthandlingsutrymme där kollegorna delar gemensamma uppfattningar och upplevelser rörande ensituation, under förutsättningen att det finns tid och möjlighet till kommunikation mellankollegorna. Makt och handlingsutrymme i relationer och situationer på behandlingshemmetpåverkar upplevelsen av stöd och trygghet, något som i sin tur har betydelse för den upplevdahälsan. Karaktär och flexibilitet är egenskaper som enligt studien krävs av medarbetarna påbehandlingshemmet för att kunna utföra arbetet framgångsrikt. Förutsättningar som främjar relationsskapande främjar därför också medarbetarnas hälsa.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Folke, Solgun
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Paulsson, Gun
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    The subjective meaning of xerostomia: an aggravating misery2009In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 245-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Xerostomia, the subjective sensation of dry mouth, is associated with qualitative and quantitative changes of saliva. Poor health, certain medications and radiation therapy constitute major risk factors. To gain further understanding of this condition the present study explored the main concern of xerostomia expressed by affl icted adults. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 participants and analysed according to the grounded theory method. An aggravating misery was identi-fi ed as the core category, meaning that the main concern of xerostomia is its devastating and debilitating impact on multiple domains of well-being. Professional consultation, search for affi rmation and social withdrawal were strategies of management. The fi ndings reveal that xerostomia is not a trivial condition for those suffering. Oral impairment as well as physical and psychosocial consequences of xerostomia has a negative impact on quality of life. There is an obvious need to enhance professional competence to improve the compassion for and the support of individuals affl icted by xerostomia

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Galin Wedin, Danielle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Första steget mot hälsa är ganska simpelt, börja rör på dig mera!”: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur svenska träningsinfluensers konstruerar begreppen hälsa och en hälsosam livsstil på Instagram2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Glarbjerg, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jönsson, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är ingen jävel som dricker vatten och äter sallad under fotboll": En studie om hur mat och dryck bidrar till den kultur och det sociala samspel som skapas under idrottsevenemang.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to create an understanding of how the supply of food and drink contributes to the cultural and social interaction created between the spectators during football events. The research questions the study seeks to answer are, How important is food and drinks for the experience during the event? How the audience perceive the social interaction in the arena? What did the interaction look like in the social context? and What cultural expression can be seen? The study was based on a qualitative approach and was carried out based on observation and interviews.The observation Schedule and interview guide was pilot tested to ensure quality. Results of the study were analyzed by conventional content analysis. The result showed a community and belonging among the spectators. The range of food and drink was obvious and unreflective. A culture emerged in the arena where a certain behavior and certain behavior patterns were obvious in the context.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34. Gliniecki, Karol
    et al.
    Tornberger, Ludvig
    Impact of Reduced Pain Pressure Threshold and Chronic Widespread Pain on Aerobic Capacity and Quality of Life in Individuals with Knee Pain2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Gonzalez Johansen, Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Weight bias amongst health professionals on Instagram: A critical multimodal discourse analysis2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Weight bias and weight stigmatization are independent risk factors for poor health, and are brought up within health promotion, as focus areas when it comes to interventions targeting body weight (WHO, 2017; Pearl, 2018). Discourses within the society, can either reinforce weight bias and weight stigmatization towards people in larger bodies, or disrupt them. A gap in the literature exists, when it comes to health professionals and their means of communicating health on social media platforms, such as Instagram. This gap was the inspiration for the present study. The study sought to critically examine the discourses communicated by doctors and registered dietitians on the social media platform Instagram. With the specific focus of examining their presentation of body weight and health, the manifestations of roles and the discourses presented. The study was based on the theory of social semiotics, using critical multimodal discourse analysis, that include elements from the critical discourse analysis framework, by Fairclough (2010) (Machin & Mayr, 2012).

    The study found that the chosen health professionals generally presented weight bias and presented body weight as a sum of individual choices, as well as body weight as a personal responsibility. The health professionals used both visual and verbal techniques, to establish authority and power, and were generally promoting health as a commodity, as well as using their own body to promote the thin ideal. The strongest discourses present were those of healthism, paternalism and aesthetics defining health, findings that are supported within the literature, when looking at other health promoting entities, such as personal trainers. 

    The study brought forth important implications within health communication on social media platforms, thus that healthism is an area that is important to educate health professionals within, as well as there being basis to further investigate this notion. The study also brought  forth important considerations for ethics and validity within this type of research.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Hallberg, Lillemor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Odontol, Dept Behav & Community Dent, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Nordic Sch Publ Hlth, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Facing a moral dilemma - introducing a dental care insurance within the Public Dental Service2012In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 149-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the reform entitled "Dental care insurance dental care at a fixed price", patients are offered a dental insurance, a capitation plan, that ensures that they can visit the dentist regularly during a period of three years at a fixed price per month (Frisktandvard). This insurance may be offered to all patients. The aim of this study was to generate a theory explaining the main concern for the staff at the public dental service when they have to introduce and advocate dental care insurance to patients. Interview data from 17 persons, representing different professions within the public dental service, were collected and analyzed simultaneously in line with guidelines for grounded theory. The results indicated that dentists/dental hygienists experienced several difficult standpoints concerning the implementation of the dental insurance, somewhat of a moral dilemma. The staff generally had a "cautiously positive attitude" to the forthcoming dental care insurance, but had perceptions how and when the patients should be offered the insurance and what that may mean to the clinic. The respondents reflected about the economic aspects for the clinic and how the oral health may be affected over time for the patients.

  • 37.
    Helvik, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Jacobsen, Geir W.
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Life Consequences of Hearing Loss in Terms of Activity Limitation and Participation Restriction2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 53-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The consequences of hearing loss in terms of perceived activity limitation and participation restriction were studied in a general population of 343 adults with hearing impairment using the Hearing Disability and Handicap Scale. Coping was measured by the Sense of Humour Questionnaire and the Communication Strategies Scale and combined with objective and subjective audiological variables and demographic factors (age, gender and education). In stepwise linear modelling, several variables contributed significantly to the outcome (adjusted R2=53.3% for activity limitation and 47.2% for participation restriction). Audiological factors explained most of the variance in activity limitation (R2=37.1%), while coping factors were the main predictors for participation restriction (R2=35.2%). Maladaptive behaviour in the Communication Strategies Scale was the strongest predictor and explained 13.7% and 32.4% of the variance in activity limitation and participation restriction, respectively. More frequent use of maladaptive behaviour was related to larger limitation and restriction. This study adds to the understanding of factors that negatively influence daily life in terms of activity limitation and participation restriction. This may in turn have consequences for aural rehabilitation efforts.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Helvik, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    ENT Department St. Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Jacobsen, Geir
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Wennberg, Siri
    ENT Department St. Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Arnesen, Haakon
    ENT Department St. Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Ringdahl, Anders
    Department of Audiology, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Activity limitation and participation restriction in adults seeking hearing aid fitting and rehabilitation2006In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 281-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purposes: We first aimed to describe demographic and audiological characteristics of adults referred to a university hospital for hearing aid (HA) fitting and rehabilitation. Our second aim was to employ an inventory that assesses life consequences of hearing impairment (HI) in terms of perceived activity limitation and participation restriction for the first time in a Norwegian adult outpatient population. A third aim was to study life consequences by audiological and demographic characteristics.

    Subjects and methods: During one year consecutive patients (n?=?343) were requested to answer the Hearing Disability and Handicap Scale (HDHS) assessing activity limitation and participation restriction in relation to an audiological examination and medical consultation. The mean threshold of hearing (MTH) was ascertained by pure tone thresholds at 0.5?–?1?–?2?–?4 kHz in the better ear.

    Results: Activity limitation and participation restriction were both higher for HA experienced than HA naïve subjects ( p < 0.01). In a multivariable model, the explained adjusted variance of activity limitation (R2) was 43.4% with MTH, perceived duration, and severity of hearing problems as predictor variables. Correspondingly, the explained adjusted variance of participation restriction was 28.4% for a model with MTH, age, gender and perceived severity of hearing problems as predictors.

    Conclusions: As a standard supplement to audiometric tests, HDHS may be successfully applied as a clinical tool among similar hearing impaired outpatients in order to assess activity limitation and participation restriction as part of audiological rehabilitation.

  • 39.
    Henriksson, Christopher
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    PrePresentia: An appealing way to turn stage fright into stage delight2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har alla varit nervösa inför en muntlig presentation. Detta gäller allt från korta grupparbeten i grundskolan till Examensarbeten på Högskolan, eller ännu större i arbetslivet. Att vara måttligt nervös är önskvärt, då vi människor presterar bäst när vi är lite spända.

    Var går gränsen från måttligt nervös till rent obehag och talångest? Detta är olika för oss alla, men problemet ökar med kraven. Talångesten kan leda till depression, vilket höjer risken att gå in i väggen. Detta är ett område som jag har haft problem med i stort sett hela livet, därför väljer jag det som examensarbete!

    PrePresentia är en applikation för Apples smartphones och surfplattor. Applikationen kombinerar funktioner för talövning med analys av ljud och puls. Användaren kopplar upp pulsmätaren (Apple Watch) mot applikationen och kan på så vis avgöra skillnaden mellan vilopuls innan presentation och den aktiva pulsen efteråt. Applikationen ska hjälpa till, likt idrottarna som analyserar puls och prestation för att förbättra sig. Utöver detta analyseras även talet och en tipslista/guide finns med i applikationen. Övning ger efterallt färdighet! /Christopher Henriksson

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Hertting, Krister
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Karlsson, Michaela
    Halmstad University.
    Sandéhn, Alexandra
    Halmstad University.
    Ping pong health!: A table tennis intervention for improved health at the workplace2018In: The Science and Practice of Racket Sport for Improved Performance and Health: Special Focus on Table Tennis: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Urban Johnson, Lars Kristén, Miran Kondrič, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2018, p. 22-23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Physical activity has a positive impact on physical and psychological well-being (Delisle, Werch, Wong, Bian, & Weiler, 2010), as well as social relations and skills development (Lamu & Olsen, 2016; Perkins & Williamon, 2014). Adopting a “healthy organization” culture through health programs, with strong senior and middle management support, and using interventions can promote health at workplaces (Rajaratnam et. al., 2014). We, therefore, consider it relevant to have physical activity, social relations and skill development as the starting point in a tabletennis intervention at the workplace.

    Aim: The aim was to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention for improving health and wellbeing in the workplace by introducing table tennis.

    Methods and results: The intervention design consisted of two workshops and five table tennis sessions. Thirteen employees from a warehouse within the retail sector participated in the intervention. The participants had various backgrounds in table tennis and sport in general, different motives to participate, and came from different groups of employees (management and stock). After an introductory workshop, two table tennis coaches held one training session a week over the fiveweek intervention period. The employees were divided in to two groups and each group had a 45-minute session. The evaluation is in progress at present. Pre- and post-measurement has been conducted using health questionnaires Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). These will be analysed using a Bayesian paired t-test analysis. Based on the results of the questionnaire focus group interviews will be conducted with participants. Three focus groups of 4-5 participants in each group. The questions will focus on 24 experiences of the intervention and reflections on future directions for table-tennis and wellbeing activities at the workplace. Finally, there will be a workshop pointing out future directions for sport-based health activities at the workplace.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Book of abstracts
  • 41.
    Hjelm, Caroline
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jerhammar Hedman, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Thuné, Ellinor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att vara eller inte vara - en hälsocoach: En kvalitativ studie om hur yrkesrollen som hälsocoach bidrar till att forma den personliga identiteten och förhållningssättet till hälsa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine how the learning of the professional role as health coach contributes to shape the personal identity. The aim was also to investigate how this learning process could affect the health coaches' individual well-being, through their descriptions of personal approach to health. Method: The present study had a qualitative methodological approach, where data collection occurred through six semi-structured interviews with professional health coaches. The empirical data were compiled into themes and then analyzed through the theoretical framework. Results: The results shows that learning, in terms of interactions with customers and colleagues, and the adoption of particular characteristics and skills, may influence the personal identity of health coaches. Through learning, the individuals identified themselves, even in private settings, with the professional role. Due to learning, the health coaches have a more balanced approach to diet, exercise, and individual health. Conclusion: The learning process that takes place within the professional role has shaped the health coaches in such ways that special characteristics has developed and the professional role has become a big part of their personal identity. Furthermore, the results also shows that learning may influence the way of interpreting, applying, and understanding health information. Even their personal approach to health has changed for more balanced, which in turn may have positive health effects.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Holmberg, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chaplin, John E
    Department of Pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Empowering aspects for healthy food and physical activity habits: adolescents’ experiences of a school-based intervention in a disadvantaged urban community2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1: Equal Health, article id 1487759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    This study aimed to describe adolescents’ experiences of participating in a health-promoting school-based intervention regarding food and physical activity, with a focus on empowering aspects. 

    Method:

    The school was located in a urban disadvantaged community in Sweden, characterized by poorer self-reported health and lower life expectancy than the municipality average. Focus group interviews with adolescents (29 girls, 20 boys, 14–15 years) and their teachers (n = 4) were conducted two years after intervention. Data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. 

    Results: 

    A theme was generated, intersecting with all the categories: Gaining control over one’s health: deciding, trying, and practicing together, in new ways, using reflective tools. The adolescents appreciated influencing the components of the intervention and collaborating with peers in active learning activities such as practicing sports and preparing meals. They also reported acquiring new health information, that trying new activities was inspiring, and the use of pedometers and photo-food diaries helped them reflect on their health behaviours. The adolescents’ experiences were also echoed by their teachers. 

    Conclusions: 

    To facilitate empowerment and stimulate learning, health-promotion interventions targeting adolescents could enable active learning activities in groups, by using visualizing tools to facilitate self-reflection, and allowing adolescents to influence intervention activities.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Häggblom, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Is there a sex difference in the bilateral deficit?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The bilateral deficit can be described as when the sum of two unilateral movements exceeds

    the bilateral output. If the sum does not exceed the bilateral output, a bilateral facilitation is

    present. Little research has been done in males and females comparison of the bilateral deficit.

    The purpose of the current study was therefore to compare the bilateral deficit between sexes

    in a 1 repetition maximum (RM) leg press. Twenty participants, ten males and ten females,

    were recruited (23.4±2.1 years, 71.2±13.1 kg, 172.2±8.9 cm) and seventeen of them

    completed the study. The test consisted of two testing sessions (one unilateral with preferred

    leg, and one bilateral session) with seven days in between. The 1 RM was attained within six

    attempts, with a three minutes rest between every attempt. The current study showed a

    bilateral deficit of males (5.6±4.6%) and a bilateral facilitation of females (0.6±5.9%). There

    was a significant difference between sexes of p=0.031 (p<0.05). Previous studies have

    examined males and females separately, with different methods and protocols. This study

    used the same method and protocol in both sexes. Some suggestions of the mechanisms

    behind the deficit have been proposed and may explain the current findings, but further

    studies are needed. Future research needs to continue to explore and explain the sex

    difference in the bilateral strength deficit.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Häggström Westberg, Katrin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mental Health Problems among Young People—A Scoping Review of Help-Seeking2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 3, article id 1430Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s mental health is a public health priority, particularly as mental health problems in this group seem to be increasing. Even in countries with supposedly good access to healthcare, few young people seek support for mental health problems. The aim of this study was twofold, firstly to map the published literature on young people’s experiences of seeking help for mental health problems and secondly to validate whether the Lost in Space model was adaptable as a theoretical model of the help-seeking process described in the included articles in this scoping review. A scoping review was conducted in which we searched for literature on mental health help-seeking with a user perspective published between 2010 and 2020 in different databases. From the 2905 studies identified, we selected 12 articles for inclusion. The review showed how young people experience unfamiliarity and insecurity with regard to issues related to mental health and help-seeking. A strong wish for self-reliance and to safe-guard one’s own health were consistent among young people. Support structures were often regarded as inaccessible and unresponsive. There was a high level of conformity between the model on help-seeking and the analysed articles, reinforcing that help-seeking is a dynamic and psychosocial process. © 2022 by the authors.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Jönsson, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Examining the relationship between cognitive traits and epistemically unwarranted beliefs: belief in conspiracy theories, paranormal phenomena, and pseudoscience.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests a significant negative relationship exists between analytical and critical thinking and epistemically unwarranted beliefs. The present study aimed to examine this relationship by measuring preference for and engagement in analytical and critical thinking, then comparing these variables with belief in conspiracy theories, pseudoscience, and paranormal phenomena.

    The quantitative cross-sectional observational study was conducted without intervention, collecting multi-purpose data. Email invitations recruited participants (N=112) from small and large businesses, organisations, schools, independent churches, and interest groups in alternative medicine and pseudoscience. Participants were Swedish speaking and 18 years or older. Relationships between variables were tested with Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

    The result showed significant negative correlations between beliefs in pseudoscience and the variables rationality, rational favorability, rational ability, and engagement. In addition, rational ability had a significant negative correlation with paranormal beliefs. The result did not show significant correlations between the measured cognitive variables and belief in conspiracy theories. The results suggest that individuals disengaged from, or lacking preference for, analytical and critical thinking processes are more likely to reject established science and instead endorse pseudoscience and paranormal beliefs.

    The study contributes to a deeper understanding of how cognitive traits and skills are connected to epistemically unwarranted beliefs. Future research can further explore these cognitive traits and skills, because they are crucial in health promotion efforts to mitigate epistemically unwarranted beliefs. Facilitating enhanced learning environments, supporting health promotion initiatives, and enabling effective health communication will cultivate reflective, empowered, and ultimately healthier members of society.

  • 46.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Cuesta, Marta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Millberg German, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    Varbergs kommun, Varberg, Sverige.
    HICube Kompetenta vården, Delrapport: Välfärdsteknik ur ett etiskt perspektiv, Varbergs kommun2018Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Khan, Hameed Ullah
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Raza, Basit
    Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Shah, Munawar Hussain
    Pathology Department, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan.
    Usama, Syed Muhammad
    Post Graduate Resident Surgeon at College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP), Karachi, Pakistan.
    Tiwari, Prayag
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Band, Shahab S.
    Future Technology Research Center, College of Future, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Douliou, Taiwan.
    SMDetector: Small mitotic detector in histopathology images using faster R-CNN with dilated convolutions in backbone model2023In: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, ISSN 1746-8094, E-ISSN 1746-8108, Vol. 81, article id 104414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer types among women, and it is a deadly disease caused by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells. Pathologists face a challenging issue of mitotic cell identification and counting during manual detection and identification of cancer. Artificial intelligence can help the medical professional with early, quick, and accurate diagnosis of breast cancer. Consequently, the survival rate will be improved and mortality rate will be decreased. Different deep learning techniques are used in computational pathology for cancer diagnosis. In this study, the SMDetector is proposed which is a deep learning model for detecting small objects such as mitotic and non-mitotic nuclei. This model employs dilated layers in the backbone to prevent small objects from disappearing in the deep layers. The purpose of the dilated layers in this model is to reduce the size gap between the image and the objects it contains. Region proposal network is optimized to accurately identify small objects. The proposed model yielded overall average precision (AP) of 50.31% and average recall (AR) of 55.90% that outperforms the existing standard object detection models on ICPR 2014 (Mitos-Atypia-14) dataset. To best of our knowledge the proposed model is state-of-the-art model for precision and recall of mitotic object detection on ICPR 2014 (Mitos-Atypia-14) dataset. The proposed model has achieved average precision for mitotic nuclei 68.49%, average recall for mitotic nuclei 59.86% and f-measure 63.88%. © 2022 The Authors

  • 48.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hertting, Krister
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Health literacy in an age of technology - schoolchildren’s experiences and ideas2017In: International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, ISSN 1463-5240, E-ISSN 2164-9545, Vol. 55, no 5-6, p. 234-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to explore opportunities to promote schoolchildren’s health literacy based on their own experiences and ideas. Research suggests the necessity for health literacy to be included into the school curriculum, and to view health promotion as part of lifelong learning. There is also a need to involve schoolchildren in developing health literacy so they can find strategies to improve their health. However, there is limited research on the best practices of health literacy, based on the schoolchildren’s own experiences and ideas. In this article, a secondary analysis of the data from two previous studies was performed. In total, 540 schoolchildren aged 10–15 from the northern regions of Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia participated by sharing their experiences in written reflections or by completing an open question in a survey. Two questions were posed to gather the data in the secondary analysis: ‘What signifies the schoolchildren’s experiences of health and well-being?’ and ‘What are the strategies to promote health and well-being suggested by the schoolchildren?’ The results show that people and interactive technology support schoolchildren’s health literacy. The schoolchildren highlighted the importance of being cared for, confirmed by and connected to others. They also stressed the importance of being in an environment that enabled them to participate and thus be engaged, which made them empowered to take care of their own health and well-being. In addition, they identified empowering aspects of technology as a tool in health promotion that created health opportunities for the schoolchildren. © 2017 Institute of Health Promotion and education

  • 49.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Department of Health, Education and Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hertting, Krister
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Pelters, Pelle
    Department of Education, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    From Hell to Heaven? Lived experiences of LGBTQ migrants in relation to health and their reflections on the future2022In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, Vol. 24, no 11, p. 1590-1602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the lived experiences of LGBTQ migrants participating in a civil society group in Sweden during the migration process and their reflections on the future. Eleven migrants who self-identified as LGBTQ (seven male/gay, one female/lesbian, one female/bi-sexual, and two transgender/gay persons) from three local support groups for LGBTQ migrants agreed to be interviewed. Participants came from Guinea, Iraq, Kurdistan, North Macedonia, Nigeria, Nicaragua, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Syria, Uganda and Ukraine. Interpretative-phenomenological analysis resulted in three themes: Past: from daily stress to the fear of being killed; Present: safety, belonging and resources to support the transition to a new life; and Future: making a positive difference or being afraid of what’s ahead. Participants’ health-related journeys and reflections about the future were complex in terms of favourable and unfavourable lived experiences, which become resources and risks for personal development. Study findings offers an enhanced awareness of the complex landscape of, and interaction between, vulnerability and potentiality. Based on the findings, we suggest the adoption of a health promoting approach focusing on the LGBTQ migrants’ strengths and personal resources. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Kämpe Thorsell, Josefin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kjellström, Danielle
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur lärandemiljöer skapas för fotbollsspelande pojkar inom föreningslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till denna studie grundade sig i problematiken om föreningsidrottens svårighet att hålla kvar barn i föreningen under en längre tid samt hur barn på sin fritid blir mer och mer stillasittande. Syftet med denna undersökning är således att studera hur lärandemiljöer för fotbollsspelande barn kan skapas inom ramen för en träningsverksamhet vars inriktning är att ta hänsyn till varje barns utveckling. Utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv och teorin förhandling av mening som grund vill vi studera interaktionen mellan tränare och barn, och interaktionen mellan barn. Ansatsen var fältforskning, och utifrån detta genomfördes observationer och fältanteckningar. En kvalitativ metod användes tillsammans med en interaktionsanalys ianalysarbetet. Det framkom att tränarnas pedagogiska förhållningssätt till barnen lärandemiljö innefattade deras hjälp av redskap, kroppsspråk och kommunikation. Dessutom fann vi barnens samspel med varandra, med hjälp av hur de delade med sig av sina erfarenheter och kunskaper. De situationer av förhandling vi fann innebar hur barnen förhöll sig till redskap, människor och miljön på olika sätt. En viktig aspekt är att de hälsopedagogiska redskapen faktiskt används i föreningen för att skapa lärandemiljöer för barnen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kanditatuppsats
12 1 - 50 of 98
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf