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  • 1.
    Andersson, S.
    et al.
    Länssjukhuset, Halmstad.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    The aphasic person's views of the encounter with other people: a grounded theory analysis2002In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 285-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Notes that being affected by aphasia influences the total life experience. The aim of this study was to generate a theoretical model, from a nursing perspective, of what 12 aphasic persons (aged 28-92 yrs old) experience in encounters with other people. Data were collected through interviews which adopted a biophysical, socio-cultural and psychological approach and then analyzed using grounded theory method. Two main categories emerged, namely: interaction and support. Encountered experiences led to (1) a feeling of having ability, (2) a feeling of being an outsider, and (3) a feeling of dejection or uncertainty. The feeling state was dependent on whether the interaction was obstructed or secure and on whether the support resulted in strengthened or impaired self-esteem. Therefore, nurses need to give support that enhances patients self-esteem and which results in them gaining a positive and realistic view of their aphasia, as well as involving those around them in this perspective. This then will give the possibility for the patient to turn the interaction process from an obstructed into a secure one.

  • 2.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Skärsäter, IngelaHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning.
    Psykiatrisk omvårdnad: att stödja hälsofrämjande processer2006Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    oken, den första i sitt slag, har ett hälsofrämjande förhållningssätt både vad gäller att förhindra att psykisk ohälsa uppstår och att förhålla sig till personer som i någon mening drabbats av psykisk ohälsa. Syftet är att locka fram hälsofrämjande processer, att hitta hälsan i det sjuka. Författarna beskriver den vårdande insatsen, mötet och relationen mellan vårdare och patient/vårdtagare. Boken belyser också betydelsen av att övriga sociala relationer fungerar, såväl inom familjen som i övriga samhällslivet.

    (Beskrivning från förlaget)

  • 3.
    Arvidsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Theodorsson, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Den fysiska aktivitetens betydelse för depression2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a disease where scientists are not in agreement on its origin. Research indicates that depression will be the second most common disease in the world year 2020. Physical activity is important for the public health and benefits the individuals both physically and psychologically. The purpose of this literature study was to illustrate the relation between depression and physical activity. The result is based on 14 articles which relate to the purpose. The result showed that persons who are physically active have less risk of suffering from psychological difficulties such as depression. There is also a connection between how much physical activity that is carried out and the degree of depression. The nurse's role is important to prevent and relieve depression. In consultation with the patient, physical activity can be suggested as a complement to medical treatment. It can be enough with a couple of walks per week to prevent beginning of depression as well as ease symptoms for those who already suffer from depression. If more people exercised on a regular basis the frequency of depression would most likely be reduced. Further research in this area should be carried out as well as the implementation of knowledge that already exists. It is important that the beneficial effects, which physical activity has on depression, reach all relevant persons within health and medical care industries and that it is implemented. In conjunction with additional research this can lead to physical activities being partial replacement to medical treatment.

  • 4.
    Berggren, Anette
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Jansson, Eliana
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjöstrand, Charlotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En komplex vardag: Att leva med tvångssyndrom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tvångssyndrom är en psykisk sjukdom som ca 2 % av världens befolkning lever med och som visar sig som tvångstankar eller tvångstankar och tvångshandlingar. Den ångest som ligger bakom tvångssyndromet lindras med hjälp av tvångshandlingar. Då sjuksköterskan i sitt yrke kommer att träffa personer med tvångssyndrom är det viktigt med förståelse om hur vardagen ser ut för personer med tvångssyndrom och hur de upplever sitt syndrom.

    I denna litteraturstudie, vars syfte var att öka sjuksköterskans kunskaper kring de komplexa situationer som kan uppstå vid omvårdnaden av personer med tvångssyndrom genom att belysa erfarenheter av den levda vardagen hos personer med tvångssyndrom, har 12 artiklar varav 4 kvalitativa och 8 kvantitativa systematiskt granskats och analyserats.

    Resultatet visar att personer med tvångssyndrom lever med en låg livskvalitet i förhållande till personer utan tvångssyndrom. En försämrad livskvalitet påverkar personens vardagliga liv genom att negativt påverka relationer, arbete och utbildning.

    För att ytterligare öka förståelsen för personer med tvångssyndrom rekommenderas ytterligare kvalitativ forskning om personers upplevelser. Att nå ut till sjuksköterskestudenter och verksamma sjuksköterskor med resultatet av ny forskning är av stor vikt. Temadagar om psykisk ohälsa under utbildningen samt på arbetsplatser kan öka förståelsen inom ämnet.

  • 5.
    Cöster, Maria C.
    et al.
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Bremander, Ann
    Department of Rheumatology, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Rosengren, Björn E.
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Håkan
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Åke
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Magnus K.
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) in forefoot, hindfoot, and ankle disorders2014In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 187-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The self-reported foot and ankle score (SEFAS) is a questionnaire designed to evaluate disorders of the foot and ankle, but it is only validated for arthritis in the ankle. We validated SEFAS in patients with forefoot, midfoot, hindfoot, and ankle disorders.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: 118 patients with forefoot disorders and 106 patients with hindfoot or ankle disorders completed the SEFAS, the foot and ankle outcome score (FAOS), SF-36, and EQ-5D before surgery. We evaluated construct validity for SEFAS versus FAOS, SF-36, and EQ-5D; floor and ceiling effects; test-retest reliability (ICC); internal consistency; and agreement. Responsiveness was evaluated by effect size (ES) and standardized response mean (SRM) 6 months after surgery. The analyses were done separately in patients with forefoot disorders and hindfoot/ankle disorders.

    RESULTS: Comparing SEFAS to the other scores, convergent validity (when correlating foot-specific questions) and divergent validity (when correlating foot-specific and general questions) were confirmed. SEFAS had no floor and ceiling effects. In patients with forefoot disorders, ICC was 0.92 (CI: 0.85-0.96), Cronbach's α was 0.84, ES was 1.29, and SRM was 1.27. In patients with hindfoot or ankle disorders, ICC was 0.93 (CI: 0.88-0.96), Cronbach's α was 0.86, ES was 1.05, and SRM was 0.99.

    INTERPRETATION: SEFAS has acceptable validity, reliability, and responsiveness in patients with various forefoot, hindfoot, and ankle disorders. SEFAS is therefore an appropriate patient- reported outcome measure (PROM) for these patients, even in national registries.

  • 6.
    Dahlqvist Jönsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The meaning of Shared decision making for persons with long-term mental illness2013In: Breaking barriers 2013, 2013, p. 19-19Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Gothred, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Gullstrand, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Läkemedelsassisterad behandling vid heroinberoende: Ur ett omvårdnadsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heroin addiction has a high mortality and implies high costs to society, and the most common and effective treatment is maintenance treatment (MT). The study's aim was to study MT during a heroin addiction from a nursing perspective. The nursing theory applied was “The Tidal Model” whose philosophy is based on the existence of psychological needs, that nursing can be a way to meet those needs, that humans already have the solution to their problems of life and that nursing is about to develop these solutions. A literature review was made. The result is based on ten quantitative articles and presents three themes: The Meaning of Background Factors, Person-centered Care and Nursing Acceptance. Different background factors affect participation and retention in treatment, for example to have a job or the marital status. To get a positive outcome of the MT it is important with a person-centered care that provides a social support. To increase participation, and therefore the access to care, treatment policy must be lowered and have a higher level of acceptance. In the future we need comprehensive research on nursing during MT and discussions to design the safest care possible.

  • 8.
    Gouttebarge, Vincent
    et al.
    Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands & University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Rochcongar, Pierre
    Fédération Française de Football (FFF), Paris, France & France Centre National de Football (FIFA, Medical Centres of Excellence), Clairefontaine, France.
    Rosier, Philippe
    Royal Belgian Football Association, Brussels, Belgium & University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal.
    Kerkhoffs, Gino
    Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Symptoms of common mental disorders among professional football referees: a one-season prospective study across Europe2017In: Physician and sportsmedicine, ISSN 0091-3847, E-ISSN 2326-3660, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 11-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and one-season incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among European professional football referees. A secondary aim was to explore the view of European professional football referees on consequences, support and needs related to these symptoms.

    Methods: An observational prospective cohort study with three measurements over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among central or assistant professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden. Using validated questionnaires to assess symptoms of CMD (self-reported and not clinically diagnosed), an electronic questionnaire in English and French was set up and distributed by the eight football federations involved.

    Results: A total of 391 referees (mean age of 33 years old; mean career duration of 7 years) were enrolled, of which 292 completed the follow-up period. Baseline 4-week prevalence rates were 6% for distress, 12% for anxiety/depression, 9% for sleep disturbance, 19% for eating disorders and 17% for adverse alcohol use. The one-season incidence of symptoms of CMD was 10% for distress, 16% for anxiety/depression, 14% for sleep disturbance, 29% for eating disorders and 8% for adverse alcohol use.

    Conclusion: While symptoms of CMD occur among professional football referees and can influence negatively refereeing performances, the development of specific support measures for referees are needed in order to manage properly these symptoms of CMD. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 9.
    Hansson, Lars
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svensson, Bengt
    Lunds Universitet.
    Mental health professionals’ attitudes towards people with mental illness: Do they differ from attitudes held by people with mental illness?2011In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: Studies investigating mental health professionals' attitudes towards people with mental illness are scarce and there is a lack of comparative studies including both patients' and mental health professionals' attitudes. The aim of the present study was to investigate mental health staff's attitudes towards people with mental illness and compare these with the attitudes of patients in contact with mental health services. A further aim was to relate staff attitudes to demographic and work characteristics.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed including 140 staff and 141 patients. The study included a random sample of outpatients in contact with mental health services in the southern part of Sweden and staff working in these services. Attitudes were investigated using a questionnaire covering beliefs of devaluation and discrimination of people with a mental illness.

    RESULTS: Negative attitudes were prevalent among staff. Most negative attitudes concerned whether an employer would accept an application for work, willingness to date a person who had been hospitalized, and hiring a patient to take care of children. Staff treating patients with a psychosis or working in inpatient settings had the most negative attitudes. Patient attitudes were overall similar to staff attitudes and there were significant differences in only three out of 12 dimensions. Patients' most negative attitudes were in the same area as the staff's.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study points to the suggestion that mental health care staff may hold negative attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness with tentative implications for treatment of the patient and development and implementation of evidence-based services. Since patients and staff in most respects share these beliefs, it is essential to develop interventions that have an impact on both patients and staff, enabling a more recovery-oriented staff-patient relationship.

  • 10.
    Hilmersson, Ilona
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Rundqvist, Minda
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Case Management: Sjuksköterskans uppfattning om arbetsmodellens effekt för patienter med missbruk och samtidig psykisk störning.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this pilot study was to describe how nurses who work as Case Managers perceive the effect of this approach for medical treatment, social status, substance abuse, quality of health care and coordination for patients with substance abuse and concurrent psychiatric disorder. The method was quantitative and was conducted with a web survey. The results showed that the respondents believe that case management had a positive impact on patients' medical care and social situation. It also led to a better contact with the patient, and improved assessment of the patient's complex situation. Overall, the answers also revealed a generally positive perception of the care quality, the coordination and used methods. As for the abuse, some respondents answered that Case Management had affected the abuse in a positive way, and others that it had not been affected at all. In a full scale study it would have been interesting to make the questionnaire more nuanced with more response options, and also have the background variables to make comparisons. The pilot study indicate that case management is an approach that can facilitate nursing care for patients with complex problems and need of care and support, and also be a method to help to coordinate the efforts of various health care providers. The nurse can through Case Management support patients with substance abuse and mental disorders in different areas of health.

  • 11. Holmqvist, Gärd
    et al.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). VID, Specialized University, Bergen, Norway.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lundqvist-Persson, Cristina
    Skaraborg Institute for Research and Development in Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Expressions of vitality affects and basic affects during art therapy and their meaning for inner change2018In: International Journal of Art Therapy, ISSN 1745-4832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of vitality affects and basic affects and to shed light on their importance in terms of patients’ inner change through art therapy. In an earlier study, where 17 women were interviewed about inner change through art therapy, a secondary deductive content analysis of images and statements was performed exploring the presence of vitality affects and basic affects. Nine of the 17 interviews contained clear descriptions of vitality affects and basic affects in the intersubjective communication between the patient and the therapist; these affects were also mirrored in the patients’ painted images. Three cases are used to illustrate the result and how affects are related to inner change. These three cases differ from each other in that they describe vitality affects either; arising from the art therapist’s empathetic verbal or non-verbal response, from a particular experience in nature, or from the interpreted symbolic language of the image. The common denominator identified as uniting the three cases was the intersubjective communication with the therapist. This study indicates that image making in art therapy gives rise to vitality affects and basic affects that contribute to inner change. It also indicates the importance of having trust in both the method and the art therapist. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 12.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Brunt, David
    Växjö University.
    Axelsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Clients' perceptions of client-nurse relationships in local authority psychiatric services: a qualitative study2004In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 9-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Mental Health Care reform in Sweden aimed, among other things, to improve the possibilities for persons with mental illnesses to experience companionship and participation in society. The aim of the study was to describe how persons suffering from mental illness perceive their relationships with nursing staff in local authority psychiatric services. Data were collected through semi-structured recorded interviews with 17 strategically chosen clients. A qualitative approach inspired by phenomenography was used to analyse the data. The analysis resulted in four main categories and 13 subcategories. The main categories were: security, companionship, confirmation and development.

  • 13.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Attitudes towards health among patients and staff in mental health services: a comparison of ratings of importance of different items of health2010In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 225-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    In mental health services, the concept of health is often perceived, from a biomedical perspective, as the absence of disease, involving several negative consequences together with a lack of systematic health-promoting activities. The subjective experiences of health among patients in mental health services are crucial to reinforce the experience of health throughout different phases of life. Positive dimensions of health include interaction between the individual and the environment, subjective experience of individual power as well as possibilities to influence important aspects of the life situation. The aim of the study was to describe and compare attitudes to health among patients and staff in mental health services in terms of the importance of health as measured by the attitude version of the Health Questionnaire.

    METHODS:

    A cross-sectional study including a randomly selected sample of 141 outpatients in contact with the mental health services and 140 mental health staff was performed.

    RESULTS:

    Patients and staff share most attitudes towards health, which indicates that health is a concept that applies to human beings irrespective of mental disease in the context of mental health services.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The possibility to be able to define, measure, and compare positive dimensions of health may be important in the attempts to divert the focus towards one that promotes health and resources in mental health services and away from one on illness and deficits.

  • 14.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Traditionellt sjukdomsfokus och nya psykosociala riktlinjer – var finns psykiatrisjuksköterskan?2012In: Psyche : psykiatrisk vårdtidskrift, ISSN 0283-3468, no 1, p. 18-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hansson, Lars
    Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Svensson, Bengt
    Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Differences in self-reported importance of elements of health and subjectively experienced health among outpatients in community mental health services2011In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 25, no 5, p. e19-e26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Positive dimensions of mental health are strong protective factors against physical and mental illness in general population. A cross-sectional study including a randomly selected sample of 141 outpatients was performed to explore differences in patients' self-reported importance of elements of health and subjective experiences of health related to sociodemographic background variables. The examination of differences in self-reported importance of elements of health showed differences regarding gender, and the analyses of subjectively experienced health showed differences regarding age and diagnosis. Clinical interventions aiming at strengthening positive dimensions of health are required in community mental health services to meet the patients' individual needs of enhanced health.

  • 16.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Perspektiv på hälsa och ohälsa i psykiatrisk omvårdnad2010In: Vårdande vid psykisk ohälsa: på avancerad nivå / [ed] Wiklund Gustin, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 63-85Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Kilic, Ozgur
    et al.
    Academic Center for Evidence based Sports medicine (ACES), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Aoki, Haruhito
    St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.
    Haagensen, Rasmus
    4Player, København, Denmark.
    Jensen, Claus
    Department of Sport Management, University College Nordjylland, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Kerkhoffs, Gino M. M. J.
    Academic Center for Evidence based Sports medicine (ACES), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands & Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands & Amsterdam Collaboration for Health & Safety in Sports (ACHSS), Academic Medical Center/VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Gouttebarge, Vincent
    Academic Center for Evidence based Sports medicine (ACES), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands & Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands & Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa & World Players’ Union (FIFPro), Hoofddorp, Netherlands.
    Symptoms of common mental disorders and related stressors in Danish professional football and handball2017In: European Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1746-1391, E-ISSN 1536-7290, Vol. 17, no 10, p. 1328-1334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was twofold, namely (i) to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among current and retired professional football and handball players and (ii) to explore the relationship of psychosocial stressors with the outcome measures under study. A total of 1155 players were enrolled in an observational study based on a cross-sectional design. Questionnaires based on validated scales were set up and distributed among current and retired professional football and handball players by the Danish football and handball players’ union. In professional football, the highest prevalence (4 weeks) of symptoms of CMDs was 18% and 19% for anxiety/depression among current and retired players, respectively. In professional handball, the highest prevalence (4 weeks) of symptoms of CMDs was 26% and 16% for anxiety/depression among current and retired players, respectively. For both the current and retired professional football and handball players, a higher number of severe injuries and recent adverse life events (LE) were related to the presence of symptoms of CMD. Players exposed to severe injuries and/or recent adverse LE were 20–50% times more likely to report symptoms of CMD. The results suggest that it is possible to recognize the population of professional athletes that are more likely to develop symptoms of CMD. This could create the opportunity to intervene preventively on athletes that suffered from severe injury and/or recent adverse LE that could lead to a faster and safer recovery and psychological readiness to return to play. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 18.
    Larsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Östberg, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Långvarig sjukdom förändrar den levda kroppens tanke: Hur sjuksköterskan kan identifiera och förebygga depression hos människor som behandlas med dialys2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness is increasing in society, 20% of Sweden's population is at risk to suffer some from depression at some point in their lives. 600 people each year suffer from chronic kidney failure, which can lead to the need for dialysis treatment. To live with a lifelong disease and suffer from mental illness at the same time exposes the individual for a great suffering. By responding to the patients with empathy and compassion the nurse creates good conditions for the relationship, to be able to be characterized by trust and honesty. The purpose of this literature study was to elucidate how the nurse can identify and prevent depression for people treated with dialysis. The results show that depression is common among dialysis patients. For these people, depression can lead to sleeping problems, nutritional problems, feelings of loss, and social isolation. Identification of depression can be done through the use of evaluation forms; this can also be used as a measure to prevent depression. More qualitative research on the subject would be a good method to increase the understanding of the situation these patients are in. Raising awareness also increases the understanding of depression and what it means to live with a lifelong disease, and the complex situation it means.

  • 19.
    Malmborg, Julia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Bremander, Ann
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olsson, Charlotte M.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Bergman, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Health status, physical activity, and orthorexia nervosa: A comparison between exercise science students and business students2017In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 109, p. 137-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and ORTO-15, which defines orthorexia nervosa as a sensitive and obsessive behavior towards healthy nutrition. The SF-36 showed that exercise science students scored worse than business students regarding bodily pain (72.8 vs. 82.5; p = 0.001), but better regarding general health (83.1 vs. 77.1; p = 0.006). Of 188 students, 144 (76.6%) had an ORTO-15 score indicating orthorexia nervosa, with a higher proportion in exercise science students than in business students (84.5% vs. 65.4%; p = 0.002). Orthorexia nervosa in combination with a high level of physical activity was most often seen in men in exercise science studies and less often in women in business studies (45.1% vs. 8.3%; p < 0.000). A high degree of self-reporting of pain and orthorexia nervosa in exercise science students may cause problems in the future, since they are expected to coach others in healthy living. Our findings may be valuable in the development of health-oriented academic programs and within student healthcare services. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 20.
    Melin, Karin
    et al.
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, CAP Specialized unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skarphedinsson, Gudmundur
    University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Storm Mowatt Haugland, Bente
    Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Uni Research Health, Bergen, Norway.
    Ivarsson, Tord
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway, Oslo, Norway.
    A solid majority remit following evidence-based OCD treatments: a 3-year naturalistic outcome study in pediatric OCD2018In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 1373-1381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports follow-up 2 and 3 years after the initial assessment of a sample of youth with a primary diagnosis of OCD. Participants were 109 children and adolescents, aged 5-17 years, recruited from a specialized, outpatient OCD clinic in Sweden. Patients were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), augmented when indicated by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). In cases where SSRIs were insufficient, augmentation with a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) was applied. Participants were assessed with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), Children's OCD Impact Scale (COIS), and Children's Depressive Inventory (CDI) at follow-ups 2 and 3 years after baseline assessment. Treatment response was defined as CY-BOCS total score ≤ 15, and remission was defined as CY-BOCS total score ≤ 10. Analyzing the outcomes with linear mixed-effects models (LME) showed a decrease in OCD symptom load from 23 to 6.9 at the 3-year follow-up. Moreover, two of three (66.1%) participants were in remission, and another 19.2% had responded to treatment at the 3-year follow-up. Thus, 85.3% of participants responded to treatment. Moreover, during the follow-up period, participants' psychosocial functioning had significantly improved, and depressive symptoms had significantly decreased. The results suggest that evidence-based treatment for pediatric OCD, following expert consensus guidelines, has long-term positive effects for most children and adolescents diagnosed with OCD. The results also indicate that improvements are maintained over a 3-year period, at least, and that improvement is also found with regard to psychosocial functioning and depressive symptoms. © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG

  • 21.
    Nilsson, Sanne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Zidar, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mot min egen vilja: Individens upplevelse av sluten psykiatrisk tvångsvård2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Coercion is a reality in psychiatric inpatient care and how it affects the individual’s autonomy is an important source of knowledge for nursing staff. During the 1990´s, important changes were conducted within the area of psychiatry with creation of “Psykiatrireformen”, “Lag om psykiatrisk tvångsvård” and “Lag om rättspsykiatrisk vård”, aiming to improve care and treatment of individual´s with psychiatric diseases. Coercive measures that occurs within psychiatric care consists of mechanical restraint, seclusion, detention in a psychiatric unit and similar confinement measures. The aim was to describe the experiences of individuals who have undergone coercion within psychiatric inpatient care. The method was a literature study of qualitative design with an inductive approach.  The result’s four carrying themes are: The individual and autonomy, The Individual, the semblance of coercion and surroundings, The individual and relationships and The individual during coercion. Conclusions of this literature study consist to a part of the importance of information. In addition, a caring relationship is of the most importance and the content in the experience of coercion is differentiating.  Coercion is alwayspresent in nursing situations where the threat of this exists. Implication for thenurse basic education consists in providing greater understanding for the individual’sexperiences of psychiatric inpatient coercion and providing tools inencountering. Future research should concentrate at the individual’sexperiences of coercion in psychiatric inpatient care, aiming to increase thequality of the care that is provided.       

  • 22.
    Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Grim, Katarina
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Shared decision making in community mental health services - an evaluation of three self-reporting instruments2017In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the potential impact of shared decision making on users satisfaction with care and quality in health care decisions, there is a lack of knowledge and skills regarding how to work with shared decision making among health care providers.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three instruments that measure varied dimensions of shared decision making, based on self-reports by clients, in a Swedish community mental health context.

    Method: The study sample consisted of 121 clients with experience of community mental health care, and involved in a wide range of decisions regarding both social support and treatment. The questionnaires were examined for face and content validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity.

    Results: The instruments displayed good face and content validity, satisfactory internal consistency and a moderate to good level of stability in test-retest reliability with fair to moderate construct correlations, in a sample of clients with serious mental illness and experience of community mental health services in Sweden.

    Conclusions: The questionnaires are considered to be relevant to the decision making process, user-friendly and appropriate in a Swedish community mental health care context. They functioned well in settings where non-medical decisions, regarding social and support services, are the primary focus. The use of instruments that measure various dimensions of the self-reported experience of clients, can be a key factor in developing knowledge of how best to implement shared decision making in mental health services. © Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 23.
    Sturk, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Persson, Dennis
    Halmstad University.
    Psykiatrisjuksköterskans arbeta med suicidala patienter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 800 000 människor världen över avslutade sina liv genom suicid 2014. En psykiatrisk diagnos är en vanligt förekommande bakomliggande orsak. De vanligaste diagnoserna är depression, bipolär sjukdom, post traumatiskt stressyndrom samt substansmissbruk. Tidigare suicidförsök är den enskilt största riskfaktorn för ett fullbordat suicid. Det är komplext att arbeta med suicidnära patienter i öppenvården och det ställs höga krav på specialistkompetens inom psykiatrisk omvårdnad och goda kunskaper kring det suicidpreventiva arbetet. Syftet med studien var att beskriva psykiatrisjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att bedöma suicidrisk på patienter på en vuxenpsykiatriskmottagning. En kvalitativ metod användes med induktiv ansats där fyra intervjuer med  psykiatrisjuksköterskor genomfördes. I resultatet framkom att psykiatrisjuksköterskan dagligen möter och behandlar suicidnära patienter på en öppenvårdsmottagning. Resultatet visade att psykiatrisjuksköterskan trots år av erfarenhet upplevde arbetet med suicidnära patienter som komplext och ansvarsfullt. Det framkom att psykiatrisjuksköterskan arbetade självständigt och stod ofta ensam med att bedöma suicidrisken och vidta åtgärder. Psykiatrisjuksköterskan har en viktig del i det suicidpreventiva arbetet och behöver känna sig trygga och säkra i omvårdnaden kring suicidnära patienter och i att bedöma suicidrisken. Vidare forskning skulle kunna ge fördjupad kunskap om psykiatrisjuksköterskan roll och behov för att ge omvårdnad till suicidnära patienter.

  • 24.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Group for Research on health promotion and disease prevention.
    Attitudes to health promotion interventions among patients in mental health services: Differences in relation to socio-demographic clinical and health-related variables2011In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 126-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Increasing evidence about the high social and economic costs of poor mental health has contributed to a growing recognition of the need for health promotion interventions in mental health services. In spite of this, little empirical research has been performed investigating patients' attitudes to health promotion interventions. Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in patients' attitudes to health promotion interventions with regard to socio-demographic, clinical and health-related variables. Methods: The study has a cross-sectional design. The participants were recruited randomly and consisted of 141 outpatients, 91 women and 50 men. The participants rated their attitudes in accordance to the Health Promotion Intervention Questionnaire (HPIQ).   Results: The result showed a clear indication that there are gender differences in attitudes of health promotion interventions in mental health services. The main significant differences were that, females rated overall health promotion interventions as well as alliance and empowerment as more important than males did. Conclusions: It is suggested that gender issues have to be considered in health promotion interventions in mental health services and taken into account in the assessment, planning and delivery of the interventions as well as the evaluation of outcomes.

  • 25.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Group for Research on health promotion and disease prevention.
    Hälsofrämjande psykiatrisk omvårdnad2006In: Psykiatrisk omvårdnad: att stödja hälsofrämjande processer / [ed] Skärsäter, Ingela & Arvidsson, Barbro, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006, p. 39-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Group for Research on health promotion and disease prevention.
    Hansson, Lars
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Svensson, Bengt
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The attitudes of patients and staff towards aspects of health promotion interventions in mental health services in Sweden2009In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 269-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates attitudes towards aspects of health promotion in mental health services, as rated by patients and staff. The aim of the study was to investigate similarities and differences in attitudes towards health promotion interventions among patients and staff in mental health services, using a newly developed questionnaire, the Health Promotion Intervention Questionnaire (HPIQ). The study has a cross-sectional design and a sample of 141 patients and 140 staff were recruited to the study. The response rate was 59% for the patients and 50% for the staff. The participants were asked to rate the attitudes of the 19 items included in the HPIQ. The result showed that patients and staff in some cases share similar attitudes regarding aspects of health promotion intervention. According to both groups, empowerment is the most important intervention in health promotion. Significant differences between the ratings of patients and staff appeared regarding all subscales of HPIQ. Patients rated alliance and educational support significantly higher than staff and staff-rated empowerment and practical support significantly higher than patients. Based on these findings, it is of importance to meet patients' desire for information and knowledge in an interactive manner with an empowerment approach to promote health in mental health services.

  • 27.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Perceptions of the concept of health among patients in mental health nursing2004In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 723-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health has been a central concept in nursing science since the 18th century but the holistic concept of health that includes both the body and the soul, still has to be clarified. The concept of health is often unclear and represents an unreachable ideal state that can be hard to use as a realistic goal in nursing care. The aim of this study was to describe how the patient perceives the concept of health in mental health nursing. Twelve patients with experience of mental health nursing were interviewed and the data were analyzed with a phenomenographic approach. The patients described nine different perceptions that were divided into three descriptive categories: autonomy, meaningfulness, and community. All of these are important to achieve health. There is ambiguity about the possibility to influence the concept of health. Health is described, on the one, hand as a prerequisite to experiencing freedom and finding meaning in life and, on the other hand, it is believed that the search for meaning and the courage to fight and try in spite of the disease is what leads to health. The patients' descriptions are mostly about things that they need in the present time to achieve health, but health as a process with growth and potential for development does not appear that clearly. One conclusion is that mental health nursing must deliver a more process-focused nursing care where the concept of health is visibly used as a goal for all nursing interventions.

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