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  • 1.
    Bolse, Kärstin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: Swedish and US patients' experiences of their life situation2004Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    Dept. of Nursing, Health and Culture, Univ. of Trollhättan/Uddevalla.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    Dept. Studs. Individual and Soc., Univ. of Trollhättan/Uddevalla.
    Karlsson, Björn
    Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Health-related quality of life in women and men one year after acute myocardial infarction2005In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 749-757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was, first, to detect possible changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time and, second, to predict HRQL at 1year based on measures made 1 week and 5 months after a first-time acute myocardial infarction. There was an improvement in HRQL at 1year, as measured by the questionnaire 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form (SF-36), for both men and women as compared with the assessment 5 months after the acute myocardial infarction. However, the pattern was somewhat different for women and men. Women mainly reported increased scores on scales reflecting better mental health, whereas men, on the whole, demonstrated higher scores in the physical health domain. Depression (HAD) and fatigue were identified as early predictors of lower HRQL at the 1-year follow-up. Our conclusion is that early assessment of fatigue and depression is worthwhile, as they may indicate decreased HRQL in men and women 1year after first-time myocardial infarction.

  • 3.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Cardiology.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Cardiology.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Cardiology.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Cardiology.
    Sleep difficulties, daytime sleepiness, and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure2004In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 234-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Normal sleep changes with age in duration, fragmentation, and depth. The prevalence of insomnia is high in the elderly general population. In patients with chronic heart failure (HF) objective sleep assessments have shown disturbances such as a shorter total duration of sleep, frequent arousals, and sleep stage changes. Objective: To describe self- assessed sleep difficulties, daytime sleepiness, and their relation to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in men and women with HF, as well as to make a comparison to data from a norm population. Methods: Cross-sectional design including 223 patients with HF, New York Heart Association classification II-IV, assessed using the Uppsala Sleep Inventory-Chronic Heart Failure, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, and Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire. Results: The most commonly reported sleep difficulties were initiating and maintaining sleep. The ratio of habitual sleep to the amount of estimated need for sleep was significantly shorter for women (P < .05), and the number of awakenings per night was significantly increased for men (P < .001). A total of 21% suffered from daytime sleepiness. Patients suffering from difficulties maintaining sleep, initiating sleep, and early morning awakenings reported significantly lower HRQOL in almost all dimensions of the SF-36 (P < .05-P < .001) compared to patients without sleeping difficulties, as well as to the normal population. The disease-specific Minnesota living With Heart Failure Questionnaire showed significantly reduced (P < .05-P < 001) HRQOL as measured by the total and subscale scores for patients suffering from sleeping difficulties compared to patients without sleeping difficulties. Conclusion: Patients with, HF have a reduced HRQOL especially if difficulties maintaining sleep, initiating sleep, and early morning awakenings are involved.

  • 4.
    Flemme, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Trygghet/säkerhet och livskvalité hos individer med ICD (implanterad hjärtdefibrillator) fem år efter implantationen2007In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 230-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar (Holmberg, M, Holmberg, S coh Herlitz 1999) är den främsta orsaken till död i västvärlden. I Europa orsakas 40 % av alla dödsfall av hjärt-kärlsjukdomar. En hjärt- kärlsjukdom kan leda till livshotande rytmrubbningar (arytmier) som i sin tur kan leda till plötslig hjärtdöd. Implanterad hjärtdefibrillator (implantable cardioverter defibrillator, ICD) (Socialstyrelsen 2004) har utvecklats för att behandla livshotande arytmier. Att leva med en ICD (Luderitz et al. 1994) kan upplevas på olika sätt. En del individer lever ett normalt liv, ICD besvärar dem inte och de ser den som en livräddare. Andra förändras i sin personlighet efter implantationen (Charmaz 1987, Sauve 1995) och ICD utgör ett hinder för ett normalt liv. En individs livskvalité (Eckert och Jones 2002) påverkas inte bara av sjukdomen utan också av anpassningen till en förändrad livssituation som ett resultat av ICD. Studiernas syfte var att beskriva otrygghet/osäkerhet och livskvalité hos individer som har levt med ICD i minst fem år. Trettiofem ICD-bärare från sydvästra Sverige studerades under en 5-årsperiod med avseende på otrygghet/osäkerhet och livskvalité. Resultaten visar att otryggheten/osäkerheten var som högst ett år efter implantationen. Den totala livskvaliten och livskvaliten inom det socioekonomiska livsområdet var lägst ett år efter implantationen för att därefter åter öka fram till år fem efter implantationen. Livskvaliten inom familjelivet skattades högst från början, i förhållande till de andra livsområdena, men minskade sedan åter. Den skattades efter fem år fortfarande högt. Slutsatsen av studien är att ICD-bärare efter 5 år hade en rimligt god livskvalité med undantag från det första året. De kände sig tryggare/mindre osäkra med tiden och upplevde ICD som en livräddare

  • 5.
    Flemme, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Edvardsson, Nils
    Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Hinic, Hansi
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Jinhage, Britt-Marie
    Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Dalman, Margareta
    Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Long-term quality of life and uncertainty in patients living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator2005In: Heart & Lung, ISSN 0147-9563, E-ISSN 1527-3288, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 386-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study describes the quality of life (QOL) and uncertainty in patients who have an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and predicts QOL at long-term follow-up.

    Methods: Long-term follow-up was defined as 6.9 years ± 1 year (range 4.11–8.7 years). QOL was measured with the Quality of Life Index, and uncertainty was measured with the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale.

    Results: The overall QOL and health/functioning were unchanged over time. QOL in the socioeconomic (P = .002) and psychologic/spiritual domains (P = .012) decreased in the first year. From baseline to long-term follow-up, the QOL in the family domain (P = .011) and uncertainty (P = .002) decreased. Uncertainty was a predictor of low QOL.

    Conclusion: QOL was reasonably good 6.9 years post-ICD implantation. Patients felt less uncertain once they had passed the first year of their illness.

  • 6.
    Flemme, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Group for Research on health promotion and disease prevention.
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Nordiska hälsohögskolan, Göteborg.
    Johansson, Ingela
    Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping.
    Uncertainty is a major concern for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators2011In: Heart & Lung, ISSN 0147-9563, E-ISSN 1527-3288, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 420-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to explore the main concern of individuals living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and how they handle this in daily life. For improved management and follow-up, it is important to understand how the ICD affects the recipient's daily life. METHODS: A grounded theory method was used. Sixteen Swedish recipients (9 men) living with an ICD for 6 to 24 months were interviewed. RESULTS: The core category labeled, "Incorporating uncertainty in daily life," illuminates the main concern. To handle uncertainty, recipients used the following strategies: restricting activities, distracting oneself, accepting being an ICD recipient, and reevaluating life. CONCLUSION: Recipients were not paralyzed by uncertainty. Instead, they incorporated uncertainty in life by using strategies to handle their daily life. Questions, comments, and plans for supportive communication were provided, which can be used by healthcare professionals in cardiac rehabilitation.

  • 7.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hildebrandt, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Status and trends in Swedish dissertations in the area of cardiovascular nursing2007In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 72-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe, cardiovascular nursing (CVN) is a young branch of nursing science. The explicit knowledge contained in CVN dissertations has, so far, not been studied in Europe, and this is especially true in the case of Sweden. Accordingly, the aim of this literature study was to describe the status of and compare trends in Swedish dissertations in the area of CVN in terms of organisational structure, approach, research strategy, social orientation and socio-demographic aspects. The literature search resulted in 29 dissertations and a 26-item questionnaire that illuminated the problem areas. Most dissertations were produced in the universities of Göteborg, Halmstad and Linköping; a minority had a nurse as main supervisor; rehabilitation was the most common CVN approach; very few of the dissertations had an experimental design; and the majority was hospital-based. The main trends were (A) an increase in dissertations that were written during the last 6 years, (B) an increased number of nurses as main supervisors as well as publication in nursing journals, (C) an increase in hospital care settings while a decrease in community settings, and finally, (D) an increased number of dissertations addressing the issues of tertiary prevention as well as focusing on patients and next-of-kin as target groups. An important implication is to stimulate nurse-led interventions at all preventative levels in order to maintain or improve the cardiac health of both healthy and sick individuals, but also in order to visualize CVN and distinguish it from cardiology.

  • 8.
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Access to the world after myocardial infarction: experiences of the recovery process2006In: Rehabilitation Nursing, ISSN 0278-4807, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 63-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Myocardial infarction (MI) is a traumatic health event and at the same time a transition of vital importance in human life. The purpose of this study was to elucidate recovery patterns after myocardial infarction with regard to the content of patients' experiences. The study used a descriptive design and a qualitative method. Interviews with 16 men and women were performed, and data were subjected to a thematic content analysis. The recovery process had a pattern of ability, restraints, and reorientation. Through self-help and help from others, the mutual sharing of burdens, and clarifying restraints to recovery, the recovery process progressed toward reorientation. New values and motivation for change, as well as a new balance within the self and relationships were found. The MI had been integrated into life and, through the recovery process, patients' attitudes were better focused, leading to an enhanced quality of life.

  • 9.
    Johansson, Ingela
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science, Linköping University, Department of Cardiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden .
    Fluur, Christina
    Department of Cardiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bolse, Kärstin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Patients' experiences of the ICD from a life perspective; with focus on end-of-life issues2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no Suppl. 1, p. S17-S17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) deliver life saving therapy in patients who have survived sudden cardiac death (SCD) or are at such risk due to underlying heart condition. In spite of the life saving capacity of the ICD, eventually underlying heart disease, or a non-cardiac disease, will end the life of the patient. Around 30 % of all patients will experience one or multiple ICD shocks in the final weeks of their lives, adding to stress and anxiety in patients and their family.

    Aim: To describe ICD patients´ conceptions on end-of-life (EOL) issues, with special reference to deactivation or non replacement of the ICD.

    Material and Method: Data was collected during 2011 at five Swedish hospitals. The population consisted of 37 ICD recipients with the exclusion of those nearing EOL  or with terminal illness. The method was a manifest content analysis approach, based on interviews.

    Results: The ICD recipients described how they lived with an uncertain illness trajectory, but had not reflected on possible course of events in the future. Lack of deeper understanding of the true lifesaving capacity during the illness trajectory was revealed. Most participants had an overall positive view and focused on the ICD as a way to avoid SCD and had not considered death by other causes. Discussions with the healthcare providers focusing on EOL issues had very seldom taken place. The participants had not reflected on EOL issues earlier; they considered the ICD as something that always should be there as a lifesaver. They wanted to postpone the discussion and decision about deactivation until the very end. When patients were asked to anticipate their preferences if they should be terminally ill, the majority stated that they would not choose to deactivate the ICD, even if they received multiple shocks. This was true for both patients with heart failure who received the ICD for primary prevention, as well as for those who already had survived a SCD.

    Implication: Despite comprehensive guidelines relating to the issue of ICD and deactivation in EOL, complexities with implementation of the guidelines continue to be raised in clinical practice. Heart Rhythm Society recommend healthcare providers to stepwise discuss the question of deactivation of the ICD during the illness trajectory, the ultimate motivation being the risk for multiple shocks preventing a “peaceful” death. However, our results showed that this is not always the patient’s desire, and in clinical practice these discussions can be both challenging and raise an ethical dilemma. The postponement or total avoidance of the EOL discussion may ultimately lead to problems when death is imminent.

    Conclusion: Deactivation or not replacing the ICD in terminal illness is seldom brought up for discussion with the healthcare providers. ICD recipients lack deeper understanding of the true life saving capacity of the device during their illness trajectory and tend not to think about EOL matters. Some patients choose not to make a decision at all; others want to prolong life at any price and others, still, face finality and reflect on existential issues. Many ICD recipients reach their final stage of disease unaware of the fact that they have a choice.

     

  • 10.
    Julås, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    EKG-Screening för unga idrottare på elitnivå: En systematisk litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ECG-Screening for young elite athletes

    Abstract

    Background

    Sudden cardiac death (SCD) during physical activity is a frightening and emotional tragedy that draws huge media attentions when it occurs. Fortunately it is a relatively uncommon occurrence but happens nonetheless to young athletes who often seems to be in perfect health. SCD is used as a term for sudden unexpected complications on the cardiovascular system that leads to a deadly outcome normally within the first hour of onset of symptoms and the cause is some sort of underlying cardiovascular disease that gets triggered by physical activity.Normally athletes gets divided into two groups dependent on age, over and under 35 years, and this studies focus is on the younger group since it is often during this period athletes are at the elite level. It is also in this category the most unexpected sudden deaths occur that is not due to coronary atherosclerosis, which is the dominant cause of death, and drastically increases, for people over 35 years old.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to scientific and unbiased analyze peer-reviewed clinical articles todescribe the pros, cons and cost to implement an ECG-screening as a standard before physicalactivities for specifically defined elite athletes.

    Method

    A systematic review was performed and after all data collection 21 articles was chosen to beused as a base for both background and analyze. At the end 10 articles was fulfilling the criteria to be used at the analyze and later the results.

    Results

    The implementation of ECG-screening has reduced SCD in Italy by 89 % between the years 1979-2004. There is a higher risk of SCD for active elite athletes. ECG-screening could be aneffective way to detect hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but a similar study showed oppositeresult. The positive negative results from ECG are relatively low. Hypertrophiccardiomyopathy is a rare disease among elite athletes. A standardized help tool for ECG can help all sorts of physicians in judging the results from ECG. The cost for implementation ofECG-screening for all young athletes is high and will probably not be implemented in countries like USA for a foreseable future.

    Discussion

    There is a lot of studies done on the matter but only a couple has shown any positive numbers that gives the implementation of en ECG-screening actually reduce the mortality to SCD. More studies are published every year and the debate will probably go on for a long time, especially concerning money and resources but also about its effectiveness. Better technology in the future will probably make it a more affordable project, especially if it develops to be amore efficient tool.

  • 11.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    et al.
    Department of Caring Science and Sociology, University of Gävle.
    Johansson, Ingela
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Brännström, Margareta
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Arenhall, Eva
    Department of Cardiology, Örebro University Hospital and School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Brunt, David
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Shool of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care and Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Persson, Sylvi
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Rask, Mikael
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lund University Hospital and Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease: a pilot study2010In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 168-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required.

    AIMS: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.

    METHODS: A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.

    RESULTS: Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: "Sexual appetite" and "Sexual expectations" with gender-neutral questions and "Sexual sensitiveness" and "Sexual ability" with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test-retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.

  • 12.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Malm, Dan
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja Leena
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Group for Research on health promotion and disease prevention.
    Arenhall, Eva
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Brunt, David
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Sjöström-Strand, Annica
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö, Sweden.
    Validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS): a pilot study2010In: Canadian journal of cardiovascular nursing, ISSN 0843-6096, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 16-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for a short and easily administered scale, in the Swedish language, for assessing partner relationships in the health care of persons with cardiac disease. PURPOSE: To establish the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS). DESIGN: The present pilot study has a methodological design. FINDINGS: Content validity has been tested for relevance, clarity and readability. The scale was tested for construct validity with explorative factor analysis. The reliability was tested by internal consistency and test-retest analysis. The result showed a two-factor solution, which does not correspond to the original proposed one-factor solution. The factor analyses revealed two quite distinct factors of RAS, labelled "Relationship built on expectations and satisfaction of needs" and "Relationship built on love and devotion". CONCLUSIONS: The scale has satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity, homogeneity and stability in a population of persons with cardiac disease. Wider evaluations of the RAS for other populations and settings are recommended.

  • 13.
    Schjetlein, Anne-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Från hjärtstopp till hjärtstart på sjukhus: Vilka faktorer påverkar överlevnaden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve the highest survival among patients suffering from in-hospital cardiac arrest, adherence to treatment guidelines are of utmost importance. A nurse is often among the first person on scene when in-hospital cardiac arrest occurs in a regular ward. For this reason, this study explores the factors that may affect survival. The aim of this literature study was to explore factors that affect survival among patients suffering from in-hospital cardiac arrest. Analysis was made on publications found by a systematic search in peer-reviewed publications in the field. The result emphasis the large impact of structure and organization in order to achieve high quality cardiac arrest treatment. There is a need for a centralized cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) management structure in every hospital. This CPR managing group is vital in organizing guidelines, equipment, training and follow-up on treatment results. Training in CPR of all hospital staff is importance for treatment quality. The nurse has the possibility to identify and modify nursing factors such as monitoring level in order to increase chance of detection and thereby the chance of survival in case of cardiac arrest. Current adherence to treatment guidelines is low leading to lower chance of survival. CPR research has so far focused on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, less focus has been spent on in-hospital cardiac arrest. In particular nursing science concerning areas were nurses are able to affect outcome is lacking.

  • 14.
    Wieslander, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Women’s experiences of how their recovery process is promoted after a first myocardial infarction: Implications for cardiac rehabilitation care2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A rapid improvement in the care of myocardial infarction (MI) in the emergency services has been witnessed in recent years. There is, however, a lack of understanding of the factors involved in a successful recovery process, after the initial stages of emergency care among patients, and in particular those who are women. Both preventive and promotive perspectives should be taken into consideration for facilitating the recovery process of women after a MI.

    Aim: To explore how women’s recovery processes are promoted after a first MI.

    Methods: A qualitative content analysis was used.

    Findings: The women’s recovery process is a multidirectional process with a desire to develop and approach a new perspective on life. The women’s possibility to approach new perspectives on life incorporates how they handle the three dimensions: behaviour, that is, women’s acting and engaging in various activities; social, that is, how women receive and give support in their social environment; and psychological, that is, their way of thinking, reflecting, and appreciating life.

    Conclusions: The personal recovery of women is a multidirectional process with a desire to develop and approach a new perspective on life. It is important for cardiac rehabilitation nurses to not only focus on lifestyle changes and social support but also on working actively with the women’s inner strength in order to promote the recovery of the women.

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