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  • 1.
    Almgren, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Material- och tillverkningsteknikval för en stol åt Källemo2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt har pågått under sista terminen på maskiningenjörsprogrammet vid högskolan i Halmstad. Projektet har utförts av en student och tillsammans med företaget Källemo. Syftet med projektet har varit att studenten ska hitta och utvärdera ett lämpligt material åt en ny stol. Materialvalet skulle också kompletteras med en lämplig tillverkningsmetod. Stolen är designad av Pierre Sindre, SandellSandberg, och kommer att produceras och säljas av Källemo. Pierre Sindres ritningar och renderingar var underlaget som var utgångspunkt för projektet. Arbetet har inneburit att olika material har utvärderats och framförallt formpressad filt. Lämpligheten har testat genom liknande referensmöbler och fysiska tester. Bland annat har provbitar testat med enkla handtester. En dialog har också förts med leverantörer av material som haft mycket erfarenhet och kunnat bidra med tips och idéer.  Då projektet inte har varit ett typiskt konstruktionsprojekt har metoden utvecklats efterhand som olika resultat uppkommit. Detta har varit ett arbetssätt som har varit väldigt lärorikt för studenten och också väldigt tidseffektivt då ingen onödig tid har lagt på irrelevanta processer. Varje steg i arbetets gång har diskuterats med både uppdragsgivaren på företaget och två handledare som högskolan tillhandahållit. Veckomöten varje vecka har också bidragit till ett mycket tidseffektivt arbete där snedsteg tidigt kunnat upptäckas av de med mer erfarenhet. Dessa möten har varit avgörande för det goda resultatet som erhållits. Resultatet består av fem lösningsförslag som tagits fram och vid diskussion med företaget och leverantörer utmynnat i ett slutligt resultat som nu är färdigt för produktion. När projektet avslutades var den första delen i produktion och således målet med projektet uppfyllt.

  • 2.
    Berglund, Johan
    et al.
    Institutionen för material- och tillverkningsteknik, Tillverkningsteknik, Chalmers tekniska högskola .
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Surface Finish and Roughness Measurement in Die and Mould Manufacturing2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2'nd Swedish Production Symposium, 2008, s. 385-391Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In die and mould manufacturing, the method used for quality control of finished surfaces is usually visual and tactile inspection of the finish, which is not easily quantifiable. In this study, an evaluation of the connection between surface finish appearance and measured surface roughness was carried out using scale-sensitive fractal analysis to find functional correlations and to determine suitable cut-off limits for functional data filtration. A selection of ball nose end mills in combination with two different tool steels (hardness 39 and 47 HRC) were used to manufacture surfaces that were measured. It was found that the method employed in this study for evaluating functional correlations and designing filters worked well. It was also found that there is a correlation between the surface roughness parameter Sq and the surface finish appearance and that this correlation is stronger in certain wavelengths on the surface.

  • 3.
    Berglund, Johan
    et al.
    Advanced Engineering, Sandvik Tooling, Olofström, Sweden.
    Wiklund, Daniel
    Forming Processes, Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    A Method for Visualization of Surface Texture Anisotropy in Different Scales of Observation2011Ingår i: Scanning, ISSN 0161-0457, E-ISSN 1932-8745, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 325-331Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anisotropy of functional surfaces can in many practical cases significantly influence the surface function. Tribological contacts in sheet forming and engine applications are good examples. This article introduces and exemplifies a method for visualization of anisotropy. In a single graph, surface texture properties related to the anisotropy as a function of scale are plotted. The anisotropy graph can be used to explain anisotropy properties of a studied surface such as texture direction and texture strength at different scales of observation. Examples of milled steel surfaces and a textured steel sheet surface are presented to support the proposed methodology. Different aspects of the studied surfaces could clearly be seen at different scales. Future steps to improve filtering techniques and an introduction of length-scale analysis are discussed.

  • 4.
    Bournias-Varotsis, Alkaios
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Friel, R. J.
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Harris, Russell A.
    Mechanical Engineering, The University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Engstrøm, Daniel S.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing as a form-then-bond process for embedding electronic circuitry into a metal matrix2018Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Processes, ISSN 1526-6125, Vol. 32, s. 664-675Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM) is a hybrid manufacturing process that involves the layer-by-layer ultrasonic welding of metal foils in the solid state with periodic CNC machining to achieve the desired 3D shape. UAM enables the fabrication of metal smart structures, because it allows the embedding of various components into the metal matrix, due to the high degree of plastic metal flow and the relatively low temperatures encountered during the layer bonding process. To further the embedding capabilities of UAM, in this paper we examine the ultrasonic welding of aluminium foils with features machined prior to bonding. These pre-machined features can be stacked layer-by-layer to create pockets for the accommodation of fragile components, such as electronic circuitry, prior to encapsulation. This manufacturing approach transforms UAM into a “form-then-bond” process. By studying the deformation of aluminium foils during UAM, a statistical model was developed that allowed the prediction of the final location, dimensions and tolerances of pre-machined features for a set of UAM process parameters. The predictive power of the model was demonstrated by designing a cavity to accommodate an electronic component (i.e. a surface mount resistor) prior to its encapsulation within the metal matrix. We also further emphasised the importance of the tensioning force in the UAM process. The current work paves the way for the creation of a novel system for the fabrication of three-dimensional electronic circuits embedded into an additively manufactured complex metal composite. © 2018 The Society of Manufacturing Engineers

  • 5.
    Bäck, Rickard
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Koncept för hållare till baklyktor2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras olika koncept på hur utformningen av hållare till baklyktor kan se ut. Arbetet är ett samarbete mellan författaren och Specialkarosser AB.

    En mängd olika lösningar har utarbetats där det till slut uppenbarats fyra olika koncept på lösningar. Dessa olika lösningar har vägts mot varandra utifrån den metod som använts. Resultatet av dessa bedömningar blev ett koncept där tanken bakom lösningen är att utforma en kapsel som efterliknar det formspråk som finns på framlyktorna på lastbilar, samt att den ska kunna kombineras med flera likadana kapslar för att få fler lyktor.

  • 6.
    Cabanettes, Frederic
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business & Engn, SE-30118 Halmstad, Sweden..
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Topography changes observation during running-in of rolling contacts2014Ingår i: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 315, nr 1-2, s. 78-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry and the design of engines are strongly ruled by performance and legislation demands. In the valve train, besides the main function (transformation of rotation to translation movements) to fulfill, new requirements in environmental demands and performance in terms of wear are leading to more and more detailed studies of the cams and rollers. Wear reduction studies for prolonging lifetime of these components require decreasing the scale of observation down to roughness. Among the different wear stages of a component, the running-in is a crucial period which will greatly influence the lifetime and performance of components. The aim of this paper is to analyze the topography variations observed during the running-in of a camshaft on a valve train rig test. A truck engine's camshaft is run under realistic conditions and 3D surfaces are measured before and after the test by using relocation techniques. By measuring the very same surfaces before and after the experiment, a deep analysis of the running-in effects on surfaces can be performed. 3D surface roughness parameters are used in parallel with new proposed methods of analysis. As a result, the mechanisms involved during running-in are emphasized and can be used for further simulations and optimization of the cam roller contact. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 7.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Cam Roller Contact: The topographical aspect2008Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry and the design of engines are strongly ruled by performance and legislation demands. First order aspects defining the main functions of a component are well known and new challenges appear at a lower scale. Wear reduction is defined as a second order problem and requires decreasing the scale of observation of components down to roughness. This thesis work and its aim lie within the scope of wear improvements and are focused on the injection cam/roller contact of heavy duty diesel engines. In order to reach the aim several material and methods are used: a valve train rig test, roughness characterisation and different manufacturing processes. It is shown by experiments that the flank and nose of injection cams are specific areas with specific roughness (higher density of summits Sds) compared to the rest of the cam. The wear is characterized by rounded-off of summits (Ssc). From those results and since wear processes are strongly linked to the pressure generated between the mating surfaces, the development of a rough contact model is of great interest. An elastic rough contact model is implemented and improved later on by an elasto-plastic description of materials. The simulations are validated by a wear test and are used to rank the ability of surfaces (both cam and roller) to face wear problems. The ratio of plastically deformed peaks shows that the flank and nose of the cam are reacting badly to pressures. Additionally the rough contact allows ranking/optimization of different machining processes with respect to their expected functional contact performance. Future work will be to use such a model to choose a good combination of surfaces (cam and roller) in order to reduce wear.

  • 8.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Evaluation of cam and roller surfaces and their manufacturing process by functional characterization2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the Swedish Production Symposium 2008, Stockholm: Swedish production symposium , 2008, , s. 7Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Tribological aspect of the surface topography variations for injection cams2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the NORDTRIB 2008 / [ed] Jaakko Kleemola and Arto Lehtovaara, Tampere: Tampere University Press, 2008, , s. 16Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Claret-Tournier, Julien
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Mohlin, Johan
    Finnveden Powertrain.
    Nilsson, P.-H.
    Volvo Technology Corporation.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Xiao, L.
    Volvo Powertrain Corporation.
    The evolution of surface topography of injection cams2009Ingår i: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 266, nr 5-6, s. 570-573Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Mohlin, Johan
    Finnveden Powertrain, Lidköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Per Henrik
    Volvo Technology Corporation, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Evaluation of cam surfaces by wear testing and functional characterization2008Ingår i: Synopses / 35th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Leeds: Leeds University , 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Friction and wear are constant problems encountered in camshaft development. The contact between roller and cam is a mix of sliding and rolling which leads to a wide range of failure modes. The uniqueness of this contact is also due to variations all around the cam of a multitude of parameters such as load and radius. A previous study described surface topography as a function of cam shape. The different types of wear mechanisms are strongly linked to contact pressures which are also dependent on roughness. The aim of the paper is to develop a rough contact model which will be utilized as a tool to rank surfaces and their ability to face wear problems. In order to verify the tool, rough contact results are compared to roughness parameter variations due to wear produced in a cam roller rig test. The surface measurements used for this study are made by a non-contact light interferometer. The Greenwood-Williamson contact model has been developed in a deterministic way and the elasto-plastic behaviour of the material has been integrated to the model. The outputs of the simulation give a ranking of surfaces which is compared to their roughness variations due to wear. The study shows that the model developed is a reliable tool to rank and define surface quality since the results are correlated to wear. However, the results show as well some discrepancies which could be corrected in the future by integrating to the model two new features: a rough to rough contact including sliding between surfaces. This new model should be verified by an accurate experimentation using relocation between unworn and worn surfaces.

  • 12.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Mohlin, Johan
    Finnveden Powertrain, Lidköping, Sweden.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Experimental study of cam/roller wear using advanced characterization tools for relocated surfaces2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 3rd Swedish production symposium / [ed] Bengt-Göran Rosén, Swedish Production Academy , 2009, s. 197-203Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Chandran, Sarath
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Abraham Mathews, Jithin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Simulation and Optimization of CNC controlled grinding processes: Analysis and simulation of automated robot finshing process2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Products with complicated shapes require superior surface finish to perform the intended function. Despite significant developments in technology, finishing operations are still performed semi automatically/manually, relying on the skills of the machinist. The pressure to produce products at the best quality in the shortest lead time has made it highly inconvenient to depend on traditional methods. Thus, there is a rising need for automation which has become a resource to remain competitive in the manufacturing industry.

    Diminishing return of trading quality over time in finishing operations signifies the importance of having a pre-determined trajectory (tool path) that produces an optimum surface in the least possible machining time. Tool path optimization for finishing process considering tool kinematics is of relatively low importance in the present scenario. The available automation in grinding processes encompass around the dynamics of machining.

    In this paper we provide an overview of optimizing the tool path using evolutionary algorithms, considering the significance of process dynamics and kinematics. Process efficiency of the generated tool movements are studied based on the evaluation of relative importance of the finishing parameters. Surface quality is analysed using MATLAB and optimization is performed on account of peak to valley height.

    Surface removal characteristics are analysed based on process variables that have the most likely impact on surface finish. The research results indicated that tool path is the most significant parameter determining the surface quality of a finishing operation. The inter-dependency of parameters were also studied using Taguchi design of experiments. Possible combinations of various tool paths and tool influencing parameters are presented to realize a surface that exhibits lowest errors.

  • 14.
    Dimkovski, Zlate
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    On Surface Topography of Cylinder Liners2008Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The frictional losses, oil consumption and emissions in internal combustion engines are in great extent controlled by the cylinder liner surface topography. This emphasises the importance of: investigating the liner’s topography by objectively characterising it, investigating its effects on the tribological function to gain a better understanding and improving its manufacturing. As a first attempt in this study to objectively characterise the liner surface, a traditional combination of Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images and roughness profiles was used. The groove and image parameters characteristic for liner topographies were extracted by applying specially developed algorithms and together with the standard parameters served to study wear on liners of diesel and petrol engines. An experiment was designed to improve the liners’ manufacturing by varying of the honing process parameters and oil flow simulations were run to study the influence of the characteristics of the manufactured surfaces on their function. The results suggested that reducing the base honing pressure and increasing the plateau honing time gave the best surface with smoother plateaux, summits of higher density and milder slopes, more but smaller islands and shallower valleys. The potentials of fast acquiring and containing 3D data of the interference measurements were utilised to overcome the encountered problems in the usage of the combination of profile and SEM measurements and to enable automatic quality control of the cylinder liner surfaces. In the efforts to examine the influence of the surface properties on liner’s function, the extent of blechmantel (cold work material) removal was estimated from 3D measurements of run liners in engine tests. For characterising this feature, algorithms were developed and implemented and it was found that the most of the blechmantel is still left on the liner pointing that it plays a minor role on wear.

  • 15.
    Dimkovski, Zlate
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Surfaces of Honed Cylinder Liners2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cylinder liner surfaces are often on the agenda of engine developers because of their large influence on the frictional losses, oil consumption and emissions of internal combustion engines. Improving the liner function involves not only manufacturing new surfaces and checking their function but also characterising them as a necessary intermediate step for better understanding of the changes made. In the manufacturing of the liners, honing is a well adapted and widely used finishing process and along with the characterisation and function has been the subject of studies in this thesis. Regarding the liner’s function, three phenomena were monitored: wear, friction and oil passage rate (correlated with engine’s oil consumption). The first one was studied experimentally while the other two were simulated. Only the interactions with the twin land oil control ring were simulated as it has the greatest influence on the control of friction and oil consumption of all other rings. In the mid-stroke region of truck engine liners, the presence of axial wear scratches was observed and their relation with the removal of the cold worked material (“Blechmantel”) folded inside the deep honing grooves was investigated. Algorithms were developed for estimating the extent of Blechmantel, revealing that most of it remained on the surface whereas the engines still performed well. Other algorithms for characterising honing angle, balance of honing texture, width, height, distance between honing grooves/axial wear scratches, etc were developed for quicker and more objective inspection of unworn and worn surfaces from 3D interference measurements. Based on such 3D measurements, the algorithms were incorporated in a characterisation tool enabling rating of the surfaces and determining the number of measurements necessary to achieve stable roughness parameter values. In addition, it was found that interference measurements are more suitable for quantification of the deposits on the worn truck liner surfaces compared with scanning electron microscope measurements. The lubrication and friction of flat oil control ring lands and differently slide honed surfaces of truck liners were simulated. Friction mean effective pressure and oil passage rate were calculated for each surface showing in each case a reduction for the surfaces with smoother plateaus and smaller valleys. Such a liner surface was finished by using a low base honing pressure and a longer plateau honing time. In a car engine, the influence of different liner surfaces, ring land widths and tensions was examined by running simulations. The results suggest that a considerably improved function can be achieved if the ring land width and tension are reduced whereby the differences between the liner surfaces would reduce.

  • 16.
    Dimkovski, Zlate
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Anderberg, Cecilia
    Volvo Power Train Corp., Volvo Group, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Löfgren, Hans
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, B.-G.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Influence of Different Cylinder Liner Surfaces on Their Performance with the Twin Land Oil Control Ring in a Car Engine2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Dimkovski, Zlate
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Anderberg, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Ohlsson, Robert
    Volvo Power Train Corp., Volvo Group, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Thomas, Tom R.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Quantification of Blechmantel Effect on Wear of Cylinder Bore Microtopography2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th Nordic Symposium on Tribology, Nordtrib 2008, Tampere: Tampere University Press, 2008, s. 13-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of cold work material (blechmantel) smeared out on cylinder liners by faulty honing is undesirable as it seals the oil-bearing honing grooves. It is also believed to correlate with increased bore wear, presumably due to its loosening and together with the carbon build-up from the piston’s top land form an increased quantity of abrasive particles. An attempt has been made to estimate the extent of removal of blechmantel for different wear regimes present at the middle and top region (near the top dead centre) of the liner surface using the unworn bottom region as a reference for comparison. A number of truck cylinder liners were axially sectioned after varying periods of engine running under similar conditions of load, engine speed and lubrication. 3D surface measurements were taken at the three regions and a range of standard parameters was extracted. Combining the profile and image analysis, an algorithm was developed to identify and quantify the blechmantel covering the grooves that is most likely to break and act as abrasive wear particles and at the same time it represents the part of blechmantel which covers the most of the surface. It was found out that a mere portion of the blechmantel from the middle and bottom section was removed, while the blechmantel from the top section was greatly removed and thereby it represents one of the possible causes for wear. Axial wear scratches more emphasized on the thrust side of the liner were observed not only through the whole stroke area, but also in the bottom region. The fact that the most of the blechmantel is not removed from the running surface of the liner (except for the very small portion of the polished areas at the dead centres), points out that the blechmantel plays only a minor role on wear of the cylinder liner surfaces.

  • 18.
    Dimkovski, Zlate
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Cabanettes, Frédéric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Löfgren, Hans
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Anderberg, Cecilia
    Volvo Cars.
    Ohlsson, Robert
    Volvo Powertrain.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Optimisation of Cylinder Liner Surface Finish by Slide Honing2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part B, journal of engineering manufacture, ISSN 0954-4054, E-ISSN 2041-2975, Vol. 226, nr 4, s. 575-584Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cylinder liner surface finish controls the frictional losses, oil consumption, and emissions of internal combustion engines to a large extent. In order to minimize such losses, it is important to optimize the liner surface topography by a consistent and more productive finishing process such as slide honing. This process employs diamond abrasives and has been recently introduced in the automotive industry. In this study, its potentials are explored, especially the winning combination of its key process parameters: the base honing pressure and plateau honing time that would yield an optimal liner surface finish. A number of truck engine liners were slide-honed by using different process parameters, samples of the liners were cut, and three-dimensional (3D) surface measurements were taken on a white light interferometer. Then, among others, the (deep honing) groove parameters, specific for liner surfaces, were computed from the measurements for building a large database for comparison and correlation. By simulating the contact and fluid mechanics between the measured liner topographies and a twin land oil control ring under mixed lubrication conditions, the friction mean effective pressure and oil passage rate for a range of engine speeds were calculated. These two parameters represent the liner's function associated with the engine's friction and oil consumption respectively. The results show that the lowest friction and oil flow are highly correlated with surfaces having smoother plateaus and smaller valleys, finished by using lower base honing pressure and longer plateau honing time. High correlations between the 3D roughness parameters were also found, enabling the selection and use of more stable and robust parameters in the quality control of the liner's surface finish. © IMechE 2012.

  • 19.
    Flys, Olena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS). RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Jarlemark, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Patrik, Stenlund
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Applicability of characterization techniques on fine scale surfaces2018Ingår i: Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, ISSN 2051-672X, Vol. 6, nr 3, artikel-id 034015Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, several surface topographies typical for dental implants were evaluated by different measurement techniques. The samples were prepared by machine turning, wet chemical etching and electrochemical polishing of titanium discs. The measurement techniques included an atomic force microscope (AFM), coherence scanning interferometer (CSI) and a 3D stereo scanning electron microscope (SEM). The aim was to demonstrate and discuss similarities and differences in the results provided by these techniques when analyzing submicron surface topographies. The estimated surface roughness parameters were not directly comparable since the techniques had different surface spatial wavelength band limits. However, the comparison was made possible by applying a 2D power spectral density (PSD) function. Furthermore, to simplify the comparison, all measurements were characterized using the ISO 25178 standard parameters. Additionally, a Fourier transform was applied to calculate the instrument transfer function in order to investigate the behavior of CSI at different wavelength ranges. The study showed that 3D stereo SEM results agreed well with AFM measurements for the studied surfaces. Analyzed surface parameter values were in general higher when measured by CSI in comparison to both AFM and 3D stereo SEM results. In addition, the PSD analysis showed a higher power spectrum density in the lower frequency range 10−2–10−1 µm−1 for the CSI compared with the other techniques. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd

  • 20.
    Friel, R. J.
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    13 - Power ultrasonics for additive manufacturing and consolidating of materials2015Ingår i: Power Ultrasonics: Applications of High-Intensity Ultrasound / [ed] Gallego-Juarez, Juan A. & Graff, Karl F., Oxford: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2015, s. 313-335Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) advanced solid-state metal additive/subtractive manufacturing process that combines ultrasonic welding and computer numerical control milling to fabricate solid metal components, layer-by-layer, from metal foils. The chapter will discuss the three key abilities of UAM: complicated geometries, dissimilar material bonding, and object embedment. The combination of these three key abilities places UAM as a most attractive method with which to create metal matrix-based freeform smart structures for high-value engineering applications. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 21.
    Friel, R. J.
    et al.
    The Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.
    Harris, R. A.
    The Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.
    Ultrasonic additive manufacturing – A hybrid production process for novel functional products2013Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 6, s. 35-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM), or Ultrasonic Consolidation as it is also referred, is a hybrid form of manufacture, primarily for metal components. The unique nature of the process permits extremely novel functionality to be realised such as multi-material structures with embedded componentry. UAM has been subject to research and investigation at Loughborough University since 2001. This paper introduces UAM then details a number of key findings in a number of areas that have been of particular focus at Loughborough in recent years. These include; the influence of pre-process material texture on interlaminar bonding, secure fibre positioning through laser machined channels, and freeform electrical circuitry integration. © 2013 The Authors.

  • 22.
    Friel, R. J.
    et al.
    The Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.
    Harris, R. A.
    The Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.
    Ultrasonic additive manufacturing research at Loughborough University2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium – An Additive Manufacturing Conference, Austin, Texas, USA, 6-8 August 2012 / [ed] D. Bourell, R. H. Crawford, C. C. Seepersad, J. J. Beaman, & H. Marcus, 2012, s. 354-363Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM) has been subject to research and investigation at Loughborough University since 2001. In recent years, three particular areas of significant focus have been:

    • The influence of pre-process material texture on interlaminar bonding.

    • Secure fibre positioning through laser machined channels.

    • Freeform electrical circuitry integration.

    This paper details the key findings and a number of conclusions from these work areas. The results of this work have led to the further research and developmental applications for the UAM technology.

  • 23.
    Friel, R. J.
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Johnson, K. E.
    Solidica Inc., Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
    Dickens, P. M.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Harris, R. A.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    The effect of interface topography for Ultrasonic Consolidation of aluminium2010Ingår i: Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: A, ISSN 2161-6213, Vol. 527, nr 16-17, s. 4474-4483Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Consolidation (UC) is an additive manufacturing technology which is based on the sequential solid-state ultrasonic welding of metal foils. UC presents a rapid and adaptive alternative process, to other metal-matrix embedding technologies, for 'smart' metal composite material production. A challenge that exists however relates to optimising, for bond density and plastic flow, the interlaminar textures themselves that serve as the contact surfaces between the foils.UC employs a sonotrode connected to a transducer to exude ultrasonic energy into the metal foil being sequentially deposited. This sonotrode to metal contact imparts a noteworthy topology to the processed metals surface that in turn becomes the crucial substrate topology of the subsequent layers deposition. This work investigated UC processed Al 3003 samples to ascertain the effect of this imparted topology on subsequent layer deposition. Surface and interlaminar topology profiles were characterised using interferometry, electron and light microscopy. The physical effect of the topology profiles was quantified via the use of peel testing.The imparted topology profile was found to be of fundamental significance to the mechanical performance and bond density achieved within the bulk laminate during UC. The UC process parameters and sonotrode topology performed a key role in modifying this topology profile. The concept of using a specifically textured sonotrode to attain desired future smart material performance via UC is proposed by the authors. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

  • 24.
    Goulas, Athanasios
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Friel, R. J.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    3D printing with moondust2016Ingår i: Rapid prototyping journal, ISSN 1355-2546, E-ISSN 1758-7670, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 864-870Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the main process parameters of laser melting (LM) type additive manufacturing (AM) on multi-layered structures manufactured from JSC-1A Lunar regolith (Moondust) simulant powder. Design/methodology/approach - Laser diffraction technology was used to analyse and confirm the simulant powder material particle sizes and distribution. Geometrical shapes were then manufactured on a Realizer SLM™ 100 using the simulant powder. The laser-processed samples were analysed via scanning electron microscopy to evaluate surface and internal morphologies, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy to analyse the chemical composition after processing, and the samples were mechanically investigated via Vickers micro-hardness testing. Findings - A combination of process parameters resulting in an energy density value of 1.011 J/mm2 allowed the successful production of components directly from Lunar regolith simulant. An internal relative porosity of 40.8 per cent, material hardness of 670 ±11 HV and a dimensional accuracy of 99.8 per cent were observed in the fabricated samples. Originality/value - This research paper is investigating the novel application of a powder bed fusion AM process category as a potential on-site manufacturing approach for manufacturing structures/components out of Lunar regolith (Moondust). It was shown that this AM process category has the capability to directly manufacture multi-layered parts out of Lunar regolith, which has potential applicability to future moon colonization. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 25.
    Johansson, Ohlsson, Nilsson, Andreas, Johan, Arvid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    PlusTak2010Studentarbete övrigt, 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens takläggning vad gäller bostadshus är en tidskrävande process, där många olika steg ute på arbetsplatsen fordras vilket kostar mycket tid och pengar. Dessutom blir resultatet inte alltid vad man kunnat önska och röta och mögel är ett vanligt inslag på dagens vindar.

     

    Modulkonceptet har redan fått ett rejält genombrott inom nybyggnation av bostadshus, och prefabricerade husgrunder och väggar i modulform produceras och används idag i stor utsträckning. Detta modultänk effektiviserar byggnationerna avsevärt där man får det att fungera. Vad ingen tidigare lyckats med är att utveckla ett motsvarande taksystem som uppfyller alla de krav som ställs när det gäller bostadshus. Målet med Plustak har alltså varit att ta fram ett fullgott modulsystem för bostadshustak som uppfyller de nordiska kraven.

     

    Under projektet har projektgruppen lagt mycket tyngd på kundkontakter och användarvänlighet av produkten, både under tillverkning och på byggarbetsplatsen. Denna utveckling har gått hand i hand med en rad praktiska tester och försök. Projektgruppen har även varit med och lagt PlusTak vid flera tillfällen under våren för att vidareutveckla produkten ytterligare. Resultatet är ett komplett taksystem som är nästintill helt prefabricerat, och endast ett fåtal timmar krävs för att lägga ett helt tak på plats och erhålla en fullt väderskyddad byggnad. Plustak är mycket flexibelt och lämpar sig både för olika hus- och taktyper, och dessutom för nästintill alla taklutningar. Även som ytskikt finns olika utföranden i form av antingen klassisk bandtäckt plåt eller traditionella takpannor. Den goda isoleringsförmågan hos PlusTak gör att systemet väl uppfyller de krav som ställs på dagens lågenergihus. Att det isolerande skiktet dessutom är beläget ytterst i taket eliminerar kondensproblem som annars uppstår och som blivit ett växande problem för husägare. PlusTak erbjuder ett kostnadseffektivt taksystem som dessutom ger ett problemfritt takägande.

     

    Parallellt med utvecklingsprocessen av produkten har en offensiv marknadsföring bedrivits genom flertalet kanaler. I mars 2010 patentsöktes PlusTak, varefter det presenterades med stor framgång på Nordbyggmässan i Stockholm, nordens största byggmässa. I skrivande stund har PlusTak sålt för över en miljon kronor och offererats mot förfrågningar för över 40 miljoner kronor. Trots lågkonjunkturen motsvarar den årliga marknaden i Sverige minst två miljarder kronor och inom en femårsperiod räknar projektgruppen med att ha tagit över 2-10% av denna.

  • 26.
    Johansson, Staffan
    et al.
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Vehicle Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Per H.
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Advanced Technology & Research, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Robert
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Powertrain Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    A Novel Approach to Reduction of Frictional Losses in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine by Reducing the Hydrodynamic Frictional Losses2017Ingår i: Advances in Tribology, ISSN 1687-5915, E-ISSN 1687-5923, Vol. 2017, s. 1-17, artikel-id 9240703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An important parameter in the reduction of fuel consumption of heavy-duty diesel engines is the Power Cylinder Unit (PCU); the PCU is the single largest contributor to engine frictional losses. Much attention, from both academia and industry, has been paid to reducing the frictional losses of the PCU in the boundary and mixed lubrication regime. However, previous studies have shown that a large portion of frictional losses in the PCU occur in the hydrodynamic lubrication regime. A novel texturing design with large types of surface features was experimentally analyzed using a tribometer setup. The experimental result shows a significant reduction of friction loss for the textured surfaces. Additionally, the textured surface did not exhibit wear. On the contrary, it was shown that the textured surfaces exhibited a smaller amount of abrasive scratches on the plateaus (compared to the reference plateau honed surface) due to entrapment of wear particles within the textures. The decrease in hydrodynamic friction for the textured surfaces relates to the relative increase of oil film thickness within the textures. A tentative example is given which describes a method of decreasing hydrodynamic frictional losses in the full-scale application. © 2017 Staffan Johansson et al.

  • 27.
    Masurtschak, S.
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Friel, R. J.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Gillner, A.
    Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology, Aachen, Germany.
    Ryll, J.
    Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology, Aachen, Germany.
    Harris, R. A.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Fiber laser induced surface modification/manipulation of an ultrasonically consolidated metal matrix2013Ingår i: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 213, nr 10, s. 1792-1800Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Consolidation (UC) is a manufacturing technique based on the ultrasonic joining of a sequence of metal foils. It has been shown to be a suitable method for fiber embedment into metal matrices. However, integration of high volume fractions of fibers requires a method for accurate positioning and secure placement to maintain fiber layouts within the matrices. This paper investigates the use of a fiber laser for microchannel creation in UC samples to allow such fiber layout patterns. A secondary goal, to possibly reduce plastic flow requirements in future embedding processes, is addressed by manipulating the melt generated by the laser to form a shoulder on either side of the channel. The authors studied the influence of laser power, traverse speed and assist gas pressure on the channel formation in aluminium alloy UC samples. It was found that multiple laser passes allowed accurate melt distribution and channel geometry in the micrometre range. An assist gas aided the manipulation of the melted material. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 28.
    Nilsson, Bertil
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Hansbo, Peter
    Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A goal oriented adaptive finite element method for hydrodynamic lubricationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a goal-oriented adaptive finite element method for a cavitation model based on Reynolds' equation. A posteriori error estimates and adaptive algorithms are derived, and numerical examples illustrating the theory are supplied.

  • 29.
    Nilsson, Bertil
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Hansbo, Peter
    Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Adaptive finite element solution of a cavitation problem in hydrodynamic lubricationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an adaptive finite element method for a cavitation model based on Reynolds' equation. A posteriori error estimates and adaptive algorithms are derived, and numerical examples illustrating the theory are supplied.

  • 30.
    Pawlus, Paweł
    et al.
    Rzeszóv University of Technology.
    Blunt, LiamHuddersfield University.Rosén, Bengt-GöranHögskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.Thomas, TomHögskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.Wieczorowski, MichalPoznan University of Technology.
    Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces2009Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Rebeggiani, Sabina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    On Polishability of Tool Steels2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the world’s fastest growing industries is the plastic industry. Today’s ever increasing demands of high quality products, shorter lead times and reduced costs push development and research forwards. Moulds for plastic injection moulding need to have a functional surface to meet demands on demoulding and wear properties, but also to produce the required final surface quality, which for ‘standard mould qualities’ of high gloss applications means nearly defect free, shiny and smooth mould surfaces with roughness levels in the nm-range.

    The aim of this thesis was to develop a metrology framework to quantitatively characterise these mould surfaces in order to gain better understanding of which defect structures are critical at injection moulding, and how these are correlated to material properties and operating conditions in surface preparation of tool steels. In practice this means to capture surface features of some few nm in height/depth up to some hundreds of microns in lateral dimension within insert areas of cm2 and larger. Experiments combining polishers’ experience with steel producers’ as well as non-contact areal texture examinations of surface topography were performed to overcome and link practical skills to academic ones.

    Based on areal surface metrology, defect classification and image analysis based surface characterisation, an evaluation procedure for polished tool steel surfaces was developed, initially tested and verified. The suggested method involves descriptions of relevant defect structures and acceptance levels for high gloss polished tool steels in the form of numerical parameter values based on interferometric measurements. It was also concluded that the cleanness of the steels was less important as long as it was kept within reasonable levels; the surface preparation strategy is a major factor influencing the mould surface quality e.g. it was found that a ‘several-step-strategy’ was favourable to avoid defect structures; not all ‘mirror-like’ mould surfaces had desirable topographies for injection moulding, therefore a well-defined mould surface assessment with numerical values describing mould surface quality is necessary to secure effective mould surfaces.

  • 32.
    Rebeggiani, Sabina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Polishability of tool steels: Characterisation of high gloss polished tool steels2009Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing of plastic components, like a majority of other mass produced discrete parts, require well designed dies and moulds. Complex geometries and increasing demands on final surface appearance, which is strongly connected to the quality impression, are pushing for high demands on mould-makers and polishers as well as steel producers. Moulds for production of shiny plastic components require tool steels with low defect levels to achieve highly gloss and very smooth mould surfaces (roughness levels in the nm-range).

    It is the ability to achieve those mirror-like surfaces, the polishability of tool steels, that is the central part in this study. To increase the understanding of how material properties and different surface preparation techniques impact the polishability, a selection of high gloss polished tool steel qualities were characterised using non-contact 3D-surface texture analysis.

    A first step towards a grading system of the polishablility was made based on a classification of surface defects detected on included steel samples. 3D surface parameters based on interferometer measurements seemed to be useful for a characterisation, even though further studies (involving different filters and segmentation methods) are needed to find less and more precise parameter values to grade tool steel qualities.

    Future work will include analysis of surface measurements of test moulds and plastic parts, as well as studies of how quantitative parameters can be linked to qualitative estimations in order to better understand how surface features on the mould are transferred into the surface of plastic components.

  • 33.
    Rebeggiani, Sabina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Factors influencing the surface quality of polished tool steels2014Ingår i: Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, ISSN 2051-672X, Vol. 2, nr 3, artikel-id 035004Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s demands on surface quality of moulds for injection moulding of plastic components involve no/low defect contents and roughness levels in the nm-range for high gloss applications. Material properties as well as operating conditions influence the mould finish, and thus the final surface of moulded products. This paper focuses on how particle content and different polishing strategies influence final surface qualities of moulds. Visual estimations of polished tool steel samples were combined with non-contact 3D-surface texture analysis in order to correlate traditional assessments to more quantitative methods, and to be able to analyse the surfaces at nanometer-level.

    It was found that steels with a lower proportion of particles, like carbides and oxides, gave rise to smoother polished surfaces. In a comparative study of polishers from different polishing shops, it was found that while different surface preparation strategies can lead to similar final roughness, similar preparation techniques can produce high-quality surfaces from different steel grades. However, the non-contact 3D-surface texture analysis showed that not all smooth polished surfaces have desirable functional topographies for injection moulding of glossy plastic components.

  • 34.
    Rebeggiani, Sabina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Quantitative evaluation of the surface finish of high gloss polished tool steels2014Ingår i: Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, ISSN 2051-672X, Vol. 2, nr 1, artikel-id 014002Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardized procedures to measure and estimate surface qualities of moulds for injection moulding of plastic components do not exist. Instead, steel producers as well as polishers and mould-users need to rely on master plaques for tactile comparisons and/or their own visual estimations for surface quality controls. This paper presents an overview of various surface evaluation methods of steels, including existing standards and available surface metrology. A new method to evaluate high gloss polished tool steel surfaces, based on a three-dimensional non-contacting measurement technique, is presented. The suggested method is based on defect extraction, and should be useful for both specifications and quality controls. Included defects were found to be quality criteria for polished tool steel surfaces. The surface acceptance levels and defect classification are based on interviews and questionnaires, as well as literature studies and visual estimations of test samples made by experienced polishers. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  • 35.
    Rebeggiani, Sabina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Quantitative evaluation of the surface finish of high gloss polished tool steels2013Ingår i: Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, 2013: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, June 17-21, 2013, 2013, s. 207-218Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardised procedures to measure and estimate surface qualities of moulds for injection moulding of plastic components do not exist. Instead, steel producers as well as polishers and mould-users need to rely on master plaques for tactile comparisons and/or their own visual estimations for surface quality controls.

    This paper presents an overview of various surface evaluation methods of steels, including existing standards and available surface metrology. A new method to evaluate high gloss polished tool steel surfaces, based on a 3D non-contacting measurement technique, is presented. The suggested method is based on defect extraction, and should be useful for both specifications and quality controls. Included defects were found to be quality criteria for polished tool steel surfaces. The surface acceptance levels and defect classification are based on interviews and questionnaires, as well as literature studies and visual estimations of test samples made by experienced polishers.

  • 36.
    Reddy, Vijeth Venkataram
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Flys, Olena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS). Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Chaparala, Anish
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Berrimi, Chihab E.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Vedantha Krishna, Amogh
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Study on surface texture of Fused Deposition Modeling2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018) / [ed] Mauro Onori, Lihui Wang, Xi Vincent Wang, Wei Ji, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 25, s. 8s. 389-396Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is mostly used to develop functional prototypes and in some applications for end-use parts. It is important to study the surfaces produced by FDM to understand the certainty of process. Truncheon design test artefacts are printed at different print settings and surfaces are measured using stylus profilometer. Taguchi’s design of experiments, signal-to-noise ratio and multiple regression statistics are implemented to establish a concise study of the individual and combined effect of process variables on surface texture parameters. Further, a model is developed to predict the roughness parameters and is compared with experimental values. The results suggest significant roughness parameter values decrease with increase in build inclination and increases with increase in layer thickness except the roughness peak count. © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V

  • 37.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Fall, Andreas
    SCA Hygiene Products AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rosén, Stefan
    Toponova AB, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Farbrot, Anne
    SCA Hygiene Products AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergström, P.
    SCA Hygiene Products AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Topographic modelling of haptic properties of tissue products2014Ingår i: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 483, artikel-id 012010Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The way a product or material feels when touched, haptics, has been shown to be a property that plays an important role when consumers determine the quality of products For tissue products in constant touch with the skin, softness" becomes a primary quality parameter. In the present work, the relationship between topography and the feeling of the surface has been investigated for commercial tissues with varying degree of texture from the low textured crepe tissue to the highly textured embossed- and air-dried tissue products. A trained sensory panel at was used to grade perceived haptic "roughness".

    The technique used to characterize the topography was Digital light projection (DLP) technique, By the use of multivariate statistics, strong correlations between perceived roughness and topography were found with predictability of above 90 percent even though highly textured products were included. Characterization was made using areal ISO 25178-2 topography parameters in combination with non-contacting topography measurement. The best prediction ability was obtained when combining haptic properties with the topography parameters auto-correlation length (Sal), peak material volume (Vmp), core roughness depth (Sk) and the maximum height of the surface (Sz). © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

  • 38.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Nilsson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Thomas, Tom R.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Wiklund, Daniel
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Xiao, Li
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Oil pockets and surface topography: Mechanisms of friction reduction2004Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Oil pockets reduce friction in two ways: by providing lift themselves by a cavitation mechanism, and also by acting as a reservoir of lubricant which will leak out around their boundaries to minimise direct metallic contact in the surrounding region. The relative importance of these mechanisms is estimated in particular tribological environments. The general cavitation conditions for oil pockets are defined and the cavitation models of Etsion and Kato are compared. Both these models require knowledge of the size and distribution of oil pockets, and an attempt is made to relate these to measurable surface topography parameters. Mechanisms for leakage of lubricant from oil pockets are also discussed. Advantages and disadvantages of the Wihiborg-Crafoord index are presented. The effect of oil pockets on the contact regime in gears is assessed, and in particular the likely effect of oil-pocket-induced cavitation on gear noise, and its relation to existing work on gear roughness, is discussed. Problems of oil pocket measurement on reaÌ surfaces are outlined and the advantages of 3D measurement are identified.

  • 39.
    Siddiqui, Muhammad Saad
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad. Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Iqbal, Tahseen
    Högskolan i Halmstad. Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Development of PDI plates for Industrial Applications2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master’s Degree thesis project is to design and develop point diffraction interferometer plates. In this project the PDI plates are re-designed, changing the design which was used in previous projects in Halmstad University. The transparency of PDI plates can be controlled by coating them with NiCr film. Firstly, four plates with coating of different thickness of NiCr were developed. The relationship between transmittance and the thickness of NiCr was established by testing these plates for transmittance and reflectance with the help of a laser and an optical power meter.

    The absorption coefficient of clear substrates and reflection of light is also taken into account to achieve the correct results. The parameters like the diameter of semi-transparent area around the pinholes and the size of pinholes is chosen after fully understanding its application. The lay-out and description of design is also included in the report.

  • 40.
    Thomas, T. R.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    Zahouani, Hassan
    Laboratoire de Tribologie et Dynamique des Systèmes, ENIS, St. Etienne, France.
    Blunt, Liam
    Huddesfield University, UK.
    El Mansori, M.
    Laboratoire de Mécanique et de Procédés de Fabrication, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Châlons en Champagne, France.
    Traceology, quantifying finishing machining and function: A tool and wear mark characterisation study2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces / [ed] P. Pawlus, L. Blunt, B.-G. Rosén, T. Thomas, M. Wieczorowski, H. Zahouani, Rzeszow, Poland: Rzeszow University of Technology , 2009, s. 209-215Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traceology is defined as the study of wearmarks and its history in criminology and archaeology is briefly described. It is proposed that the concept of traceology can be extended to machined surfaces, particularly those produced by abrasive techniques. A taxonomy of wearmarks is outlined which would encompass both pits and scratches. Taxonomic implementations such as the morphology rose and the morphological tree are introduced. The general principles of traceology are illustrated by case studies from criminology, archaeology and abrasive machining processes.

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