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  • 1.
    Edgren, Disa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hallberg, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    En sista anhalt: en analys av djurskydd, välfärd och kontroll vid slakt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Official veterinarians (OVs), employed by the National Food Administration of Sweden, are responsible for the monitoring of animal welfare as well as food hygiene procedures in the country ́s slaughterhouses. In 2014, the National Food Administration of Sweden introduced new policy guidelines to ensure that the OVs report all deviations to the County Administrative Boards of Sweden, which are responsible for welfare inspections in Sweden. Therefore, it is important that the OVs notify the administrative boards if they have any suspicions regarding animal neglect.

    The overall aim of this study is to investigate the cooperation between the County Administrative Boards of Sweden and the National Food Administration of Sweden, and to find out how this collaboration impacts animal welfare. In addition to this, its second aim is to explore the current state of animal welfare in slaughterhouses in southern Sweden. This study is based on a qualitative research method, which combines questioners with the analysis of publicly available documents. Furthermore, this study shows that although the new guidelines have resulted in heavier workloads, both parties are satisfied with the arrangement and agree that the new procedures have led to an improvement of animal welfare. In 2015, OVs in Skåne, Blekinge, Halland and Kronoberg submitted 506 cases of suspected animal cruelty taken place in these counties to the County Administrative Boards of Sweden. After comparison of the total number of reports from 2015 and the overall animals slaughtered in the counties in 2014, this study highlights that 0,03 % of all lambs, 0,12 % of all swine and 0,01 % of all cattle were reported with deviations during slaughter. Therefore, this study concludes that animal welfare in slaughterhouses can be considered to be of a high standard. 

  • 2.
    Gustafsson, Tilda
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Grill-, kött-, chark-, och kallskänkshanteringen i Gislaveds kommun – bättre eller sämre? En jämförelse mellan år 2008 och 20112011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor´s thesis gives a conclusion about the situation, in the municipality of Gislaved, concerning the handling in grocery stores of cured meats and provisions, meat, grill and the cold buffet products of today and compared to the year 2008. The conclusion is based on results from sample analysis.

    In 2008 the food inspectors in the municipality of Gislaved implemented a project where they inspected the grocery stores in the municipality. They also took samples for analysis. With the old project made in 2008 as a base conclusions were made. The result was that the handling of food seemed better in 2011 than in 2008.

    The Bachelor´s thesis aim was to make comparisons of quality of cured meats and provisions and products of grill and the cold buffet between the year of 2011 and 2008. It was then possible to get an indication of the state of hygienic conditions in the municipality of Gislaved. The base for the comparison and the conclusion was defined by interviews, inspections and tests of food. The inspections focused on the maintenance of the premises, cold-storages, personal hygiene, temperatures, and refrigerated display cases. By the inspections of the handling of cured meats and provisions, meat, grill and the cold buffet showed results that in general were satisfactory. The tests of food also were satisfactory in general. The interview questions were asked about the handling of the grilling.

    The tests of food were important in order to be able to make the comparison and conclusion. The tests of food demonstrated 16, 7 % of not satisfactory food samples today in comparison to 25,4 % not satisfactory food samples in the year of 2008. There were above all different kinds of baguettes and minced meat which were not good in the tests of food quality.

    In comparison with the project of 2008, the handling in the grocery stores of cured meats and provisions, meat, grill and the cold buffet seemed better today.

  • 3.
    Lönn, Jessika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pantzar, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hur påverkas grisen av bogsår och går det att undvika?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shoulder lesion is a big problem among pig farmers and is rarely noticed by the consumers. It is most common among lactating sows as they spend a lot of time laying down and is relatively hard to get rid of. There is a lot of factors that can affect the occurance of shoulder lesions for instance flesh, bedding and breeding. In this study we examine the occurance of shoulder lesion among Swedish farms in the county of Halland where diffrent farmers were asked to answer a couple of questions regarding their ways to hold pigs. 19 out of the 35 farmers asked said they had shoulder lesions in their herd. This is about 54% of the asked. When compared to what amount of bedding the farmer had it was shown that no shoulder lesions could been seen on pigs in deep litter with an amount of 10cm or more. For treatment against shoulder lesions most commmon among the swedish farmers was bluespray and wood tar, wich is an interesting observation since wood tar is known to cause allergic reactions to your skin. What the cause for shoulder lesion at the farms included in this study is not held, but that shoulder lesions is a problem is a fact. 

  • 4.
    Sjökvist, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. 9310092474.
    Copper bioaccumulation in blue mussels and periwinkles from marinas2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Copper (Cu) is a heavy metal that is essential for life but toxic at high concentrations. This toxic effect is used on boats to prevent biofouling on boat hulls by painting the hulls with antifouling paint that contain high levels of Cu. The Cu is slowly diffused out in the water and accumulated by animals higher up in the food chain. In order to test the effects of marinas on Cu bioaccumulation in invertebrates, I sampled molluscs at seven marinas and seven shore sites on the Swedish west coast. Two molluscs with different feeding behaviours, one grazer, the periwinkle (Littorina littorea) and one filter feeder, the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) were used as study organisms. Both species were sampled at each location within 50 m from each other. Body Cu concentration of both species was measured with a Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (FAAS). Cu concentration of periwinkle soft body tissue was generally higher than in mussel soft body tissue. In addition, periwinkle tissue Cu concentration reacted strongly positively to the presence of marinas, whereas mussel tissue Cu concentrations did not. This shows that contamination from marinas affects the grazing periwinkle but not the filter feeding blue mussel. Thus, for biomonitoring purposes, grazers may be more suited as indicator organisms.   

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