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  • 1.
    Ahmed, Iftikhar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Farooq, Muhammad
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Switched Multi-hop Priority Queued Networks-Influence of priority levels on Soft Real-time Performance2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years, the number of real-time applications has increased. These applications are sensitive and require the methods to utilize existing network capacity efficiently to meet performance requirements and achieve the maximum throughput to overcome delay, jitter and packet loss. In such cases, when the network needs to support highly interactive traffic like packet-switched voice, the network congestion is an issue that can lead to various problems. If the level of congestion is high enough, the users may not be able to complete their calls and have existing calls dropped or may experience a variety of delays that make it difficult to participate smooth conversation.

    In this paper, we investigate the effect of priority levels on soft real-time performance. We use the priority queues to help us manage the congestion, handle the interactive traffic and improve the over all performance of the system. We consider switched multi-hop network with priority queues. All the switches and end-nodes control the real-time traffic with “Earlier Deadline First” scheduling. The performance of the network is characterized in terms of the average delay, the deadline missing ratio and the throughput.

    We will analyze these parameters with both the bursty traffic and evenly distributed traffic. We will analyze different priority levels and will see how the increase in priority level increases the performance of the soft real-time system.

  • 2.
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Value Creation in Digital Ecosystem – A Study of Remote Diagnostics2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement of digital technologies is driving traditional product oriented businesses to move from selling product to selling solutions. In order to exploit business potentials from technology, it is necessary to understand the technological capacity and how it influences the value creation in the environment where it is deployed. I study remote diagnostics as an example of digital technology within the vehicle industry. I found that this technology provides potential to generate new value. To create this value, traditional product oriented organizations are required to create value in different way than traditional mode of creating value. In this paper, I show that how generative capacity of remote diagnostics technology creates value in digital ecosystem.

  • 3.
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Value Network Transformation: Digital Service Innovation in the Vehicle Industry2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Advancement in digital technology is rapidly changing the contemporary landscape of business and associated networks for manufacturing firms. Many traditional physical products are now being embedded with digital components, providing them digital capability to become digitized products. The digitization of physical products has become an important driver for digital service innovation within manufacturing industries. Such digital service innovation transforms value networks of manufacturing firms in various industries. While digitization of products and digital service innovation can be observed in many manufacturing industries, this thesis focuses on the transformation of value networks within the vehicle industry.

    This thesis is a collection of papers and a cover paper. The thesis reports from a collaborative project in the vehicle industry. The project explored new digital services for vehicles based on remote diagnostics technology. The exploration and conceptualization of digital services is investigated in a collaborative manner with participants from the vehicle industry. The results reflect that there is a paradigm shift for manufacturing firms digitizing their products, and stretching the business scope from product to solution oriented business.

    This thesis contributes to the existing literature on digital innovation with insights on the transformation of value networks in the vehicle industry. The research question addressed in this thesis is: How are value networks of manufacturing firms transformed by digital service innovation? To answer the question, this thesis conceptualizes how the value creating pattern of digitized products transforms value networks of manufacturing firms. A model is presented that reflects how the symbiotic value relationship between the digitized product and digital services transforms the roles, relationships and exchanges in the value networks of manufacturing firms. The model can serve as an analytical tool to further advance the knowledge on business aspects in digital innovation. This thesis contributes to practice by providing an understanding of how manufacturing firms can leverage value of digitized products and digital services in value networks.

  • 4.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). University of Gothenburg.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Digital Visions vs. Product Practices: Understanding Tensions in Incumbent Manufacturing Firms2014In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 4516-4525 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incumbent manufacturing firms face challenges when expanding their product focus with digital services. Such expansion creates tensions in organizations in the servitization process. While management visions and conceptualizes new service oriented businesses, the actual practice of implementing these service concepts is influenced by the product paradigmatic way of thinking in the organization. This dominant thinking creates tensions between business visions and business practice. We use the case of remote diagnostics services to provide insights into a manufacturing firm’s attempt to transform the dominant oriented business models into a new networked environment. We suggest that such acts that may or may not lead to transition are lingered by dominant logics related to the product focus. This indicates that firms are required to embed new logics into their existing practice in order to exploit the full potential of digital technology. © 2014 IEEE.

  • 5.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Value Network Transformation By Digital Service Innovation In The Vehicle Industry2011In: Proceedings of the 15th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems | Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS), Association for Information Systems, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from preparations in an ongoing research study concerning how digital service innovation transforms value networks in the vehicle industry. The research study concerns digital services based on remote diagnostics systems. This digital service innovation in particular is of great importance since the vehicle industry has great potential to expand its business and found new and extended boundaries and relationships with other stakeholder in the networks they are attached to. Core challenges and opportunities for digital service innovation will lead us to the study of its influence on the business and innovation environment i.e. the value network. In this paper, we propose three propositions to study transformation from product oriented value networks to digital service oriented value networks.

  • 6.
    Alasjö, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Sidokanalattack mot knappsats för elektroniskt passersystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through an exploratory experiment using electromagnetic side-channel attack against a keypad for a commercial entry system it is demonstrated that information leakage through side-channels are an ongoing issue and may make entry systems vulnerable by recording of user data.

    Using simple radio equipment, keypresses can be recorded and decoded by undesired electromagnetic radiation and theoretically it is possible to carry out the attack on a longer distance with a specially designed antenna and a custom recieiver.

    The report discusses emission security in consumer products which in military context is termed Tempest or compromising emanations (Swedish: RÖS) and requires expensive tests to be detected and handled.

    The EMC regulations (electromagnetic compatibility) handles radiation and influence of electromagnetic waves in electronic apparatus and nets, but not directly how information can leak from information technology equipment which this report wants to problematize.

  • 7.
    Amnell, Mathias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Öhman, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Samband mellan motivationsfaktorer för UGC: Vad motiverar en användare att skapa innehåll på internet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    User Generated Content (UGC) is becoming increasingly common on the web and many of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet is largely based on content created by its users. Every day 120,000 articles gets edited on Wikipedia by its devoted users who spend an average of eight hours a week on creating new or edit existing material. To motivate users to contribute with content is becoming increasingly important. This requires an increased understanding of what motivates users to contribute. 

    In this paper we study the motivational factors that motivates users to contribute with UGC and if there is any correlation between these motivational factors. A literature review of previous research in the field of UGC is performed and results in 15 motivational factors categorized into four categories. These are presented in a matrix that structures the motivation factors in the different categories. The matrix of the 15 motivational factors are the theoretical foundation for a quantitative survey designed to see to what extent users are motivated by different motivational factors for the creation of UGC. Through the survey we establish an understanding to what extent different motivational factors motivate the participiants of the study to create UGC. The results from the survey are then used to study the relationships between motivational factors. This leads to a correlation table that presents all the significant relationships between factors and a motivation matrix that can serve as a basis for understanding and discuss the motivators for the UGC and its categorizations. Our results may help developers to support multiple motivational factors in services based on UGC. The motivation matrix and the results presented may also be the basis for future research.

  • 8.
    Andriesse, Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Edvinsson, Erika
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Utvärdering av Business Intelligence system ur ett nytto-perspektiv: En studie om hur företag kan utvärdera nyttan av ett Business Intelligence system före och efter en implementation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing amount of data in the world leads to an increasing amount of investments in BI-systems, which can support management and analysis of data. Businesses can experience benefits such as better control and decision base when they analyze their data. The evaluation of BI-systems has fallen behind at the same time as investments in these systems has increased. The difficulty in evaluating the soft and strategic benefits of a BI-system is one of the reasons for the lack of evaluations. Evaluation can give businesses a notion of which benefits that they have achieved and if further activities are needed to increase the benefits of the BI-system. A qualitative interview study has been carried out on large manufacturing businesses and consulting businesses, with the purpose to study how the evaluation of BI-system benefits are being done in practice. The study include evaluation before and after an implementation of a BI-system and results in recommendations. The result of the study shows that there can be differences in the way small and large manufacturing businesses use the BI-system and therefore also differences in how to perform the evaluation. The study has also established that more evaluations should be done after the BI-system has been implemented. Evaluation of parts that affect the possibility to achieve benefits as well as parts that affects the evaluation results in a more realistic evaluation, and a greater chance for the business to increase the benefits of their BI-system.  

  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University.
    Visions of Future News - Consensus or Conflict?2002In: Proceedings of the 25th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS), IRIS , 2002, 25- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The move from print to multimedia will cause changes not only to the form of the news service but also the involved processes in the news organizations. The cooperative scenario building technique is used on a number of groups; end-users, management and media professionals to envisioning the news services of the future. We take the perspective of consensus and conflict to illustrate the identified visions. Firstly, we illuminate conflicts and consensus between the groups, regarding their visions and future use scenarios. Secondly, we show the implications of using the cooperative scenariobuilding technique in relation the consensus and conflict perspectives in cooperative design. We conclude that both consensus and conflicts could be found in the scenarios described in the paper and that the cooperative technique was suitable in this context.

  • 10.
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Arras, Kai Oliver
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Balkenius, Christian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Editorial2003In: Robotics and Autonomous Systems, ISSN 0921-8890, E-ISSN 0921-8830, Vol. 44, no 1, 100 p.1- p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Bailey, Arlene
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Psychology and Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Faculty of Business, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Bridging the generation gap in ICT use: Interrogating identity, technology and interactions in community telecenters2010In: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 16, no 1, 62-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore the issues related to the generation gap in the use of information and communication technologies through an examination of relevant literature and findings from empirical field research in community-based telecenters in a developing country. Our findings show that intergenerational interaction is a key issue and social relations and interactions are explored through an analysis of social networks in conjunction with social identity theory and social representations theory. A conceptual framework is developed of the impact of intergenerational interactions at telecenters on community development. © 2010 Commonwealth Secretariat.

  • 12.
    Barkman, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Detektering av krypterade filer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary encryption the vast amount of text subject to cracking has brought about the demand for methods distinguish files more likely to be encrypted. The encryption software Truecrypt can encrypt files that are not possible to identify with a file signature. To solve the detection problem, an algorithm sensitive to the absence of structure in the very code of files was developed. The program was written in the programming language EnScript which is built into the forensic software suite EnCase. The essential part of the algorithm therefore deployes the statistic of a chi-square test for deviance from a uniform distribution to distinguish files with contents that appear to be random. The program managed to detect encrypted files that were created with Truecrypt. Test results indicate that the newly developed program is nearly double as fast and has at least the same accuracy in the detection as other pro- grams. The software is licensed under open source standard GNU GPL. The procedure developed will drastically facilitate for computer forensic experts to detect if any existing encrypted file is located on the hard drive.

  • 13.
    Bengtsson, Conny
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Energianalys av luftbehandling2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electricity consumption for ventilation has increased by 40% since 1990 in Sweden. Ventilation is an environmental villain since inquiries indicates that the electricity consumption for ventilation system fans can be much reduced. Reduction of electricity consumption for ventilation purposes can be achieved through e.g. the exchange of fan motors to EC motors or to fans with backward curved blades and direct drive. Such measures can provide reduced power consumption by up to 50 % in some applications.

    The ventilation fans in Sweden consume 12.3 TWh each year. Today Sweden has 175 000 ventilation systems with too high consumption of electricity and no heat recycling. According to the Swedish Energy Agency the ventilation sector has a large potential for savings and the energy consumption for ventilation could be lowered by 30 % (3,5 TWh), which roughly corresponds to the total annual wind power production in Sweden.

    The Analytical tool developed in this thesis work is designed to be user friendly and is thought to be an aid when evaluating functionality and efficiency in air treatment system. The tool analyzes data from measurements and produces key ratios which are then compared with given key ratios and standard guidelines. The Analysis tool was tested on one reference object and functioned as intended, but may at this stage be considered as a prototype that can be further developed. Specific training will be required before using the analysis tool with consideration to electrical safety and accuracy of measurement.

    This thesis work aims at evaluating the potential savings within air treatment systems in energy efficient buildings, and to develop a calculation tool to meet the demand that is likely to arise from property owners who want to save energy.

  • 14.
    Bengtsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Brandt, Carl-Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Strävan mot en hållbar kommun: En fallstudie av strategisk grön IS i Varbergs kommun2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med de alltmer påtagliga miljöproblemen såsom klimatförändringar och minskning av biologisk mångfald har behovet av att agera ekologiskt hållbart blivit allt viktigare. Majoriteten av organisationer är idag eniga om att de har ett ansvar till bidragande av ett mer ekologiskt hållbart ageranade. Sveriges kommuner har ett ansvar att agera utifrån miljömål på en lokal nivå. Grön IS är ett begrepp som syftar till hur informationssystem kan stödja organisationer till att upprätta mer ekologiskt hållbara verksamhetsprocesser. Studiens syfte är att påvisa vilka strategiska orsaker som kan ligga till grund för tillämpning av grön IS för en svensk kommun. Det finns flera strategiska orsaker för organisationer att agera hållbart, i studien kartläggs ekologiska hållbarhetsstrategier och IS/IT-strategier vilka ligger till grund för grön IS-strategi. Den svenska kommunen representeras i en fallstudie av Varbergs kommun som eftersträvar att agera hållbart i sina verksamhetsprocesser. I studien har samband identifierats mellan Varberg kommuns ekologiska hållbarhetsmål och IS/IT-strategier där strategiska orsaker som effektivitet, attraktion, innovation och samverkan är anledningar att tillämpa grön IS.

  • 15.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    IT-universitetet, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    iDentity: Identitetsskapande i Macvärlden2006In: Vardagslivets fronter / [ed] Kerstin Gunnemark & Magnus Mörck, Göteborg: Arkipelag, 2006, 125-143 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Institut för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hoax - sociala virus på Internet2010In: Kulturelle processer i Europa: indlaeg fra den 29. Nordiske etnolog- og folkloristkongres, København: Museum Tusculanums Forlag, 2010, 151-160 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Hafström, Carolina
    Hofbauer, Jessica
    Global Discourse and Local Practice: A study of the Role of Open Source Software in SchoolNet Namibia2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Combining Actor Network Theory and Genre Theory to Understand the Evolution of Digital Genres2008In: Proceedings of JAIS Theory Development Workshop, Amsterdam: Sprouts Alliance , 2008, 36- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we argue that a combination of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Genre Theory can constitute a theoretical framework for understanding how digital genres evolve. Genre theory states that genres evolve over time through reciprocal interaction between institutionalized practices and individual action; that they develop from actors’ responses to recurrent situations, and are shaped around characteristics as content, form, functionality and purpose. Genres emerge out of practice and at the same time they shape that practice. While genre theory can describe the characteristics of a genre, it cannot handle the process of how a genre is formed and what powers and forces are involved in this shaping process. In order to address this problem, several authors have incorporated structuration theory into genre analysis. However, structuration theory can only catch these constitutional processes of genre in a very broad manner. As a genre is evolving and stabilizing over time in interplay with different actors, it goes beyond what is possible to explain only by means of structuration theory. Instead, ANT could work as a tool to capture the process of how a genre takes form in negotiations with different stakeholders. In this paper we discuss how genre theory and ANT can be combined in a framework for analyzing emerging genres. We apply this theoretical framework on an e-newspaper project that embodies a new genre in the making. We will here show how evolving genre characteristics are developed, formed and stabilized in a negotiation and struggle between the involved actors when they translate their interests in ways that finally are resulting in a new genre.

  • 19.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tales from the Crypt – Organizing IT-Business in the Dotcom era2005In: Proceedings of the IRIS28 / [ed] Eli Hustad, Björn E. Munkvold, Knut Rolland & Leif S. Flak, Kristiansand: IRIS Association , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we report on a narrative study aimed at capturing consultants’ experiences of mergers – from an organizational and cultural perspective – during the so-called dotcom era. In the paper we focus on the problems that resulted from mergers between firms with totally different views on what it means to organize IT-business. The mergers studied led to cultural clashes in how to organize IT-projects, like different ways of managing, organizing, working, collaborating and experiencing the organization, but also implicit practices like dress-code, attitudes, lifestyle, norms and values. The empirical data is collected with the help of storytelling session where consultants tell stories about own experiences or stories that they have heard from colleagues. Stories are presented and discussed related to different themes, such as values, practices, culture/identity, and business models. We propose that these experiences of failed acquisitions and mergers embed important knowledge of the practices and problems of the organizing of IT-businesses.

  • 20.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg.
    Justifying the Value of Open Source2012In: ECIS 2012 Proceedings: Paper 122, Association for Information Systems, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, free and open source software (FOSS) has gradually become recognized by different actors in society outside FOSS communities and increasingly integrated in corporate software development, challenging proprietary software practices and establishing new open source companies. Literature describing this transition is focusing a narrow view on the value of using FOSS, mainly understanding it as an efficient alternative to established models for software development. This is not sufficient to fully understand the uptake of FOSS into companies. In order to gain a deeper understanding of this, there is a need to articulate a wider range of different values associated with FOSS and how they interplay in the intersection of corporations and movements. To do this we propose the order of worth framework developed by French sociologist Luc Boltanski and colleagues, which focus on the arrangements of value logics as an analytical strategy to understand how values form strong or weak arrangements in processes of institutionalization. By applying the framework on key texts from the free and open source software movement as well as on a an interview study with professional software developers employed by firms, we set out to identify how values associated with FOSS become justificatory arrangements that give legitimacy to FOSS and how these arrangements change over time, from the early free software movement to the emergent uptake of FOSS in contemporary professional software development. By understanding how justificatory logics come to play and interplay, corporations that want to adopt FOSS can better manage their engagement in FOSS activities. Keywords: Free and Open Source Software, Orders of Worth, Justification logics, Value of Open Source.

  • 21.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg.
    The Worth of Opening up Developmental Work: Justifying a New Business Driven Spirit of Open Source Software Development2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free and open source software development (FOSS) used to be associated with an ideologically driven movement built around communities of voluntary members, organizing resistance against proprietary software development. Today, however, software firms perceive FOSS as a source of innovation. Previous research has investigated what this change has meant to movement driven FOSS, but we still need more knowledge about the professional programmers and their way of organize business driven open source software development in their daily practice. This article investigates the interpretative guidelines or justifying arrangement that guide their use of FOSS. The analysis is based on 30 interviews that were done during 2008-2009 with programmers who were employed either by software firms that had come to a point where they started to adopt open source, or by firms that always based their business on open source software development. Theoretical concepts that were used in the analysis mainly derive from the economic sociology of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thevénot, and the results indicate the emergence of a new spirit of business driven open source, consisting of a combination of different justificatory logics. This new spirit is described as an arrangement guiding how professional programmers in today’s software industry perceive the worth of using open source code in their developmental work.

  • 22.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg.
    Spaces of Accountability: Understanding Worth in Distributed Innovation Work2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of various driving forces, R&D and innovation processes are increasingly opened up for external influences and resources. This has lead to a changing nature of innovation work to become more distributed, networked and fragmented. In companies, a consequence of this is that hierarchically defined directives are transformed to lateral agreements. For the employee, a consequence of this is that they are increasingly expected to justify the value of distributed innovation practices in relation to both their firm and external contributors of innovation, and by doing so they involve themselves in a process were accountability is horizontally redistributed. In order to analyze this process, we use a case of open source software development, were developers from eleven firms, using open source in their professional practice, are interviewed. We show how distributed innovation processes leave the professional developer with the responsibility to select and assure that external resources becomes advantageous to their work, and how they use different types of justification to account for the value of this appropriation. We identify how different spaces of accountability are formed, potentially leading to tensions between different logic of worth. Keywords: distributed innovation, developers, logic of justification, tensions, accountability

  • 23.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Remneland Wikhamn, Björn
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Kuschel, Jonas
    Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Generativity in open innovation ecosystem: the case of iPhone and Android2012In: Perspectives on Supplier Innovation: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Insights on Open Innovation and the Integration of Suppliers / [ed] Alexander Brem & Joe Tidd, Singapore: World Scientific, 2012, 617-650 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg.
    Restricting or releasing passion for innovation: The case of professional open source software development2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are seeking methods to become more innovative. One strategy is to introduce disruption to promote innovation. An example of this is the uptake of Open Source Software (OSS) technologies, methods and mindsets by commercially driven actors. Contrary to the firm, open source is associated with hackers driven by a passion emerging out of a community or peer based innovation model. The fact that these hackers are highly engaged in collaboration outside the limits of the organisation, have meant that companies start to perceive them as potential resources enabling them to extend their innovative capacity. The passionate hacker is seen as an autonomous and positive disruptive force that can promote innovation for the company. This paper is based on an interview study with 30 software developers from ten companies that have chosen to introduce OSS as a vehicle for innovation. Theoretically, passion is understood as an urge to develop high quality software beyond the demarcations of the firm; it is a matter of craft or art, and the paper focuses on how this perception of the passionate hacker guides these professional developers at work. Thus, it is analysed how the discourse on the passionate hacker is transformed when it is adopted by developers working in a firm that expects organisational commitment. By studying the reshaping of these software developers’ practices, we show how OSS passion for disruptive innovation is transformed in a professional work environment, but also how disruption creates new demarcations when open source ‘culture of passion’ is introduced in firms.

  • 25.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Open source programmers strategies to cope with ideological tensions2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyse how the increased use of open source software in companies affect employed programmers’ work, which we theorize as part of a larger secularisation process. We have studied both companies based on a more traditional proprietary model who are becoming open source oriented, and SMEs built around open source business concepts. This change results in a need for professional programmers to re-interpret open source within a new business oriented context. We study what kind of strategies programmers develop to cope with these contradictory systems and how it changes work roles and programmers’ approaches towards open source community work.

  • 26.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Szczepanska, Anna Maria
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    A World-Wide Nod to Free/Libre and Open Source Software: Emerging Public Sector Initiatives2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Bergström, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Nyström, Jacob
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Småföretagens medvetenhet gällande molnavtal2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    A Model for Reflective Participatory Design - The Role of Participation, Voice and Space2015In: AMCIS 2015 Proceedings, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the participatory tradition in health informatics by presenting a model for reflective participatory design emerging from qualitative fieldwork in a participatory project aimed to improve the health and wellbeing of older people in the northern periphery regions of Europe, through new mobile services. The model brings together two established processes in novel ways: systems development and user participation. Within each process three concepts are presented to facilitate discussion and reflection at the concept level, the process level and the integrated process level.

  • 29.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces within Living Labs2015In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 5, no 12, 37-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose the concepts of places and spaces as conceptual tools to facilitate the organization of innovation activities within living labs. We have taken a pragmatic perspective on these concepts regarding how they are integrated in design situations, and how different types of places and spaces can facilitate or hinder innovation. We have found that, by applying openness, realism, and influence in the different spaces of our living lab milieus, they have transformed into many different places depending on the stakeholders involved, the methods chosen, and the facilitation of activities. Hence, by understanding this line of reasoning, living lab managers can make more informed decisions and plans for innovation activities.

  • 30.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces - Their Influence on Innovation Milieus and Innovation Processes2015In: Proceedings of the 2015 ISPIM Conference in Budapest, June 14-17, International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified and matured use of internet-based technologies aimed to facilitate development and innovation are increasingly characterized by a mixture of physical and digital locations; commonly referred to as places and spaces. The aim of this paper was therefore to identify different types of places and spaces central for the innovation milieus and processes of Living Lab projects, illustrate their impact on both process and results, and develop guidelines for space that can be designed in order to facilitate value-driven and democratized innovation. Based on a literature review and a cross case analyses different aspects of space, relevant for Innovation and Living Lab studies, have been identified: 1) local-global; 2) physical and digital, and 3) private-public. In the paper we focus on these concepts as tools for understanding present day innovation and we examples of how digital technology has influenced placement and permeability in relation to place and space.

  • 31.
    Björkman, Jimmy
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Curcic, Andrej
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Att stödja och förbättra kundrelationer: - en förtroendefråga inom cloud computing2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cloud computing är en teknik som möjliggör åtkomst till data och lagring av data genom Internet, exempelvis genom Spotify, Google Drive och Dropbox. Denna teknik utnyttjas av företag som gör det möjligt att använda sig av affärssystem som en tjänst via cloud computing. Det har dock visat sig finnas förtroendebrister för den här typen av tjänst bland företag och många tvekar till att använda sig av detta istället för mer traditionella affärsystem. Dessa förtroendebrister kan påverka kundrelationen mellan leverantör och användare för den här typen av tjänst. Med denna uppsats ämnar vi svara på hur företag arbetar med sina kundrelationer och vi ämnar även ge förslag på hur dessa kundrelationer kan stärkas för att förbättra förtroendet för den här typen av tjänst. Vi kommer att beskriva hur aktuell forskning inom området skiljer sig gentemot hur leverantörer av cloud computingaffärsystem faktiskt arbetar med att stödja och förbättra sina kundrelationer.

  • 32.
    Bjørn, Pernille
    et al.
    School of Communication, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, 574 Bay Street, Toronto, ON M5G 2C5, Canada.
    Virtual Team Collaboration: Building Shared Meaning, Resolving Breakdowns and Creating Translucence2009In: Information Systems Journal, ISSN 1350-1917, E-ISSN 1365-2575, Vol. 19, no 3, 227-253 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing international teams with geographically distributed participants is a complex task. The risk of communication breakdowns increases due to cultural and organizational differences grounded in the geographical distribution of the participants. Such breakdowns indicate general misunderstandings and a lack of shared meaning between participants. In this paper, we address the complexity of building shared meaning. We examine the communication breakdowns that occurred in two globally distributed virtual teams by providing an analytical distinction of the organizational context as the foundation for building shared meaning at three levels. Also we investigate communication breakdowns that can be attributed to differences in lifeworld structures, organizational structures, and work process structures within a virtual team. We find that all communication breakdowns are manifested and experienced by the participants at the work process level; however, resolving breakdowns may require critical reflection at other levels. Where previous research argues that face-to-face interaction is an important variable for virtual team performance, our empirical observations reveal that communication breakdowns related to a lack of shared meaning at the lifeworld level often becomes more salient when the participants are co-located than when geographically distributed. Last, we argue that creating translucence in communication structures is essential for building shared meanings at all three levels. © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 33. Bohlin Andersson, Lina
    et al.
    Karlberg, Linnea
    Hur en verksamhets arbete med strategiska mål inför en ERP-implementation kan påverka utbildning av användare: Hur en verksamhets arbete med strategiska mål inför en ERP-implementation kan påverka utbildning av användare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ERP-implementationer är en komplex process som ofta stöter på problem. Det är väl känt och beror ofta på den stora komplexitet som verksamhetsförändringen medför. Trots att verksamheter spenderar betydande resurser på att investera i ett ERP ses många ERP-implementationer som misslyckade då förväntade fördelar och mål inte uppnås i verksamheten. Tidigare har ett flertal kritiska framgångsfaktorer identifierats. I denna studie undersöks relationen mellan två av dessa, förståelse för strategiska mål samt utbildning av användare. Studien undersöker hur en verksamhets arbete med strategiska mål inför och under en ERP-implementation kan påverka utbildning av användare. Studiens resultat visar att en verksamhets målarbete kan ha stor påverkan på utbildning av användare.

  • 34.
    Bolin, Maria
    et al.
    Guide Consulting, Gothenburg, Sweden & Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden & University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden & University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Driving Change With Narratives2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Bollou, Felix
    et al.
    Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Faculty of Business, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Faculty of Business, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.
    Are ICT investments paying off in Africa?: An Analysis of total factor productivity in six West African Countries from 1995 to 20022008In: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 14, no 4, 294-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past two decades, we have seen increasing debate about information and communication technology (ICT) as an engine of growth that could lift developing nations out of poverty. Many African nations have implemented market liberalization and invested huge sums of money into their ICT sectors. But few studies have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of these investments. Demonstrating ICT sector performance is especially important because of challenges of the development of ICT policy and the United Nations agencies inability to state firmly if there are benefits to these investments. In this article, we investigated the total factor productivity (TFP) of the ICT sectors in six West African countries from 1995 to 2002. While the findings demonstrate positive growth in TFP, there is cause for concern. TFP growth in the ICT sector has been declining, and these countries are not yet able to take advantage of scale efficiencies. Careful attention must be given to future ICT investment strategies and performance management of existing ICT infrastructure if continued growth is to be achieved. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 36.
    Borg, Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    From, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Cloud och konsulten: En studie om konsultens roll vid arbetet med cloudbaserade affärssystem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cloud computing beskrivs som ett paradigmskifte inom IT-branschen, cloudbaserade

    tjänster är här för att stanna. En del av cloudcomputing är cloudbaserade affärssystem.

    Genom att få både systemet och datalagringen tillhandahållen från en externsystemleverantör kan verksamheter lägga fullt fokus på sin kärnverksamhet

    och låtasystemleverantören sköta tekniken. Systemet kan dock behöva  anpassas

    för att passa verksamheten och integrering mellan ändra system kan krävas.

    Därför väljer många kunder att använda sig utav konsulter för att anpassa

    systemet och för att få hjälp att använda det på bästa satt.

    .

  • 37.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Elmer, Marcus
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Advanced Technology & Research, Göteborg, Sweden.
    APPES Maps as Tools for Quantifying Performance of Truck Drivers2014In: Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Data Mining, DMIN'14 / [ed] Robert Stahlbock & Gary M. Weiss, USA: CSREA Press, 2014, 10-16 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding and quantifying drivers’ influence on fuel consumption is an important and challenging problem. A number of commonly used approaches are based on collection of Accelerator Pedal Position - Engine Speed (APPES) maps. Up until now, however, most publicly available results are based on limited amounts of data collected in experiments performed under well-controlled conditions. Before APPES maps can be considered a reliable solution, there is a need to evaluate the usefulness of those models on a larger and more representative data.

    In this paper we present analysis of APPES maps that were collected, under actual operating conditions, on more than 1200 trips performed by a fleet of 5 Volvo trucks owned by a commercial transporter in Europe. We use Gaussian Mixture Models to identify areas of those maps that correspond to different types of driver behaviour, and investigate how the parameters of those models relate to variables of interest such as vehicle weight or fuel consumption.

  • 38.
    Chibba, Aron
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Effective Information Flow in the Internal Supply Chain: Results from a snowball method to map information flows2009In: Journal of Information and Knowledge Management, ISSN 0219-6492, Vol. 8, no 4, 331-343 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information sharing is an important factor for effectiveness within the internal supply chain. In this paper we use a methodology for mapping information flows in an internal supply chain, and case studies in two Swedish multinational organizations. Eight retrospective cases were used to map, describe and analyze the information flow that supports the physical material flow from the receipt of an order to point of delivery. Every involved person was interviewed on at least one occasion each. The interviews were conducted to map and describe the information and physical material flow. The aim was to identify factors that could improve and rationalise information flows and generate a better flow within the organization.

    The study shows the importance of an integrated information system, but also clearly indicates the importance of a collaborative culture and an awareness of the human-technology interface. The study also shows that three factors of interface distortions are most frequent in the cases: (1) changes registered in the database trigger no action among the staff, (2) new knowledge to staff is stored only orally and not in the database, and (3) interface between the paper system and the database, and between the old and the new information storage culture.

  • 39.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Service Logic in Digitalized Product Platforms: A Study of Digital Service Innovation in the Vehicle Industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of products has become an important driver for service innovation in manufacturing firms. The embedding of digital technology in previously non-digital products creates digitalized product platforms that enable digital service innovation. Digital service innovation offers new business opportunities for manufacturing industries, as well as challenges established premises for value creation.  While digital service innovation can be found in many manufacturing industries, this thesis studies service logic in digitalized product platforms in the vehicle industry.

    Existing Information Systems (IS) literature presents challenges in digital service innovation relating to value, architecture, and generativity. The design of the architecture of digitalized product platforms requires the identification and combination of digital and non-digital assets. Understanding the architectural aspects is useful in digital service innovation. Moreover, with growing instances of generative digital technologies, it is challenging to develop strategies to leverage generativity for service design in digitalized product platforms. While digital technologies are embedded in products, the role of technology-embeddedness in value creation of digital services is relatively unexplored. Drawing on these challenges, this thesis describes and conceptualizes the underlying premises brought by the architecture and generativity to the value creation of services in digitalized product platforms. The research question addressed in this thesis is: What are the underlying premises for services in digitalized product platforms?

    To address the question, an interpretive qualitative research approach was adopted in a collaborative research project concerning services enabled by digitalization of vehicles. Drawing on digital innovation and service literature, this thesis presents a theoretical perspective on the role of the architecture and generativity of digitalized product platforms for value creation of digital services. This perspective is conceptualized as underlying premises for this specific class of services. The premises frame the service logic in digitalized product platforms and provide a ground for understanding services in digitalized product platforms in relation to value dimensions, architecture and generativity. The premises are based on five concepts: value-in-architecture, value-in-connectivity, fundamental asset for value creation, mutual dependence of modular and layered modular assets, and re-evaluation of value propositions. The proposed premises offer a basis for understanding value creation of this class of services, and guidance for manufacturing firms designing digitalized product platforms.

  • 40.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Expanding Business from Products to Digital Services: Value Dimensions of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology2014In: Proceedings of the 8th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Mola, L., Carugati, A., Kokkinaki, A., Pouloudi, N., 2014, Paper 12- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing firms are now embedding digital technology into products with an aim to offer digital services to their customers. Digital services create opportunities for firms to add new value dimensions to their businesses as firms now can expand their businesses from tangible products to digital services. Existing research explains three value dimensions. ‘Value-in-exchange’ is traditionally followed by manufacturing firms where they determine monetary value for their products and exchange the value with customers. Recent research argues that ‘value-in-exchange’ is not customer centric and therefore to gain customer value, ‘value-in-use’ and ‘value-in-cocreation’ are necessary. With growing utilization of embedded digital technology in products, new digital services are rendered and new value dimensions are emanating. Existing research informs little about the value dimensions of digital services that result from the combination of digital technology and tangible products. Therefore, in this research, we seek answer to the question, ‘What are the value dimensions of digital services that are enabled by embedded digital technology in tangible products?’ A qualitative study has been conducted to investigate Remote Diagnostics Services (RDS) for vehicles. Along with the three known value dimensions, that is, value-in-exchange, value-in-use and value-incocreation, this research contributes to knowledge by showing two new value dimensions: ‘value-in-connectivity’ and ‘value-in-architecture’.

  • 41.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Co-creation of Innovative Digital Services2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of digital innovation, this paper discusses co-creation of digital services with the help of translation processes described in the Actor-Network Theory (ANT). While using the translation processes such as problematization, interessement and enrolment, the paper delineates how different stakeholders can be involved in the co-creation of innovative digital services. Thus the paper makes a contribution by presenting the co-creation of digital services in the perspective of translation processes of ANT by showing how different actors can be involved in co-creation of digital services. ‘Establishing trust on digital innovation’ and ‘prioritization during digital innovation’ are identified as influential issues for the involvement of actors during digital innovation. In that way, the paper also makes contribution to the emerging literature on digital innovation.

  • 42.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Challenges and Opportunities Related to Remote Diagnostics: An IT-based Resource Perspective2013In: International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development, ISSN 1935-5661, E-ISSN 1935-567X, Vol. 5, no 3, 80-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote diagnostics is expanding the business scope of vehicle manufacturers, ranging from products to services. In this paper, we focus on investigating the business challenges and opportunities related to the remote diagnostics of vehicles from an IT-based resource perspective. Remote diagnostics involves technology, human skills and intangibles. IT-based resources consist of physical IT infrastructure, human IT skills and IT-enabled intangibles. In this study, we find that remote diagnostics not only faces challenges in these three categories of IT-based resource, but also creates opportunities. One contribution of this paper is to provide an overview of the challenges and opportunities for business related to the technology. The paper also makes a contribution to information systems by shedding light on the discussion of digital infrastructure. It also highlights the application of IT-based resource perspective to find out the business challenges and opportunities of an emerging technology like remote diagnostics.

  • 43.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance: Opportunities and Challenges2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011 / [ed] Leino, Timo, Turku, Finland: Turku Centre for Computer Science , 2011, 68-81 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-maintenance offers various opportunities as well as challenges in contemporary business undergoing transformation. This paper provides an overview of opportunities and challenges in different areas related to e-maintenance. Literature review and empirical findings through action oriented research give way to identify and present these opportunities and challenges. One contribution of the paper is, it finds the opportunities and challenges with e-maintenance in different industries which creates a pathway for future direction in further studies regarding e-maintenance. The findings indicate that there is much potential to study these with respect to technology and business.

  • 44.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance as an Emerging Customer Value Generating IT-Enabled Resource2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource. The research study is concerned with the e- maintenance based on remote diagnostics in the vehicle industry. E-maintenance of vehicles is of great importance as e-maintenance technology has great potential to provide various state of the art maintenance related services for the vehicles. This emerging technology brings challenges and opportunities to generate value both for the companies and their customers. In this paper, we have presented several business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance. In the form of a set of propositions, the contribution of this paper is to conceptualize e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource by showing challenges and opportunities related to it.

  • 45.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Architectural Characteristics of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology: A Study on Remote Diagnostics Services2014In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: 6-9 January 2014: Waikoloa, Hawaii / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 3909-3918 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we characterize the architecture of digital services that are enabled by embedded technology. Digitalization with embedded technology in physical products has become a common phenomenon. In spite of growing instance of such digitalization, little is known about the architectural characteristics of digital services enabled by embedded technology. Based on a research on vehicular remote diagnostics services, we characterize the architecture of such digital services. Following the framework on layered modular architecture continuum, our findings provide the following architectural characteristics: i) the architecture of the digital services spans along the layered modular architecture continuum, ii) the application program of the digital services is simultaneously de-coupled and partly coupled with the embedded devices, iii) there exist layers within layer of the digital services, iv) application program layer of the digital services is a closed innovation platform. © 2014 IEEE

  • 46.
    Christner, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Norén, Rebecca
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Just Arrived: Utmaningar med Lean UX2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Cukier, Wendy
    et al.
    Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Bauer, Robert
    Institute for Organizational Studies, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria.
    Middleton, Catherine
    Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    A Critical Analysis of Media Discourse on Information Technology: Preliminary Results of a Proposed Method for Critical Discourse Analysis2009In: Information Systems Journal, ISSN 1350-1917, E-ISSN 1365-2575, Vol. 19, no 2, 175-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1980s, there has been a growing body of critical theory in information systems research. A central theoretical foundation of this research is Habermas’ theory of communicative action, which focuses on implications of speech and proposes general normative standards for communication. Habermas also places particular emphasis on the importance of the public sphere in a democratic society, critiquing the role of the media and other actors in shaping public discourse. While there has been growing emphasis on critical discourse analysis (CDA), there has been limited effort to systematically apply Habermas’ validity claims to empirical research. Moreover, while critical research in information systems has examined communication within the organizational context, public discourse on information technology has received little attention. The paper makes three primary contributions: (1) it responds to Habermas’ call for empirical research to ground and extend his theory of communication in every day critical practice; (2) it proposes an approach to applying Habermas’ theory of communication to CDA; and (3) it extends the reach of critical research in information systems beyond micro-level organizational concerns and opens up to critical reflection and debate on the impact of systematically distorted communication about technology in the public sphere.

  • 48.
    Djupsjöbacka, Helene
    Halmstad University.
    Elektroniska journalsystem och informationsdelning: En studie om vilka utmaningar som påverkar tillgången till patientinformation från olika journalsystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Dzonlic, Muris
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Informationssökningsprocess på Internet i studiesituationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen presenterar hur högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen (killar respektive tjejer) hanterar informationssökning och källkritik på Internet i samband med studier. Syftet med studien är att se skillnader och likheter i tre sökaspekter (informationsbehov, sökstrategi och källkritik). Sedan vill jag se hur tre sökaspekter används av båda könen bland högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever. Undersökningen är en både kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie. Det kvantitativa inslaget bygger på enkätfrågor och öppna frågor medan det kvalitativa inkluderar intervjufrågor. Teoretisk referensram består av litteratur och vetenskapliga artiklar som ger teoretiskt stöd åt ett operationaliseringsschema och ger grund åt hela studien. Studien begränsas till högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen som går medieinriktade studier, oberoende av årskursnivå. Ett oväntat resultat som studien visade är, att både högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen tittar mest på sina träffar ”Till mitten pålistan”. I studien upptäcktes att högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen har kunskap om källkritik, men det stora problemet hos båda grupperna är ”Tidsbrist” och ”Har inte lust”, så att de undviker granska källor på Internet. Högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen är medvetna om konsekvenserna som kan uppstå om de inte kritisk granskar källor på Internet. Det sökmönster som högskolestudenter och gymnasieelever av båda könen använder är att de först söker med bred sökning och sedan med smal sökning. Deras val av sökverktyg är ”Google” och de söker mest med sökord.

  • 50.
    Eagen, Ward M.
    et al.
    Ryerson University Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Ryerson University Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.
    Prescod, Franklyn
    Ryerson University Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.
    The Design Charrette in the Classrooms as a Method for Outcomes-based Action Learning in IS Design2008In: Information Systems Education Journal, ISSN 1545-679X, Vol. 6, no 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the adaptation of a traditional studio technique in architecture – the Design Charrette – to the teaching of New Media design in a large information systems program. The Design Charrette is an intense, collaborative session in which a group of designers drafts a solution to a design problem in a time critical environment. The Design Charrette offers learning opportunities in a very condensed period that are difficult to achieve in the classroom by other means and we have adapted its application from the architecture studio to for New Media instruction. The teaching of information systems has tended to rely heavily on conventional pedagogical approaches although there is growing recognition of the importance of experiential and applied learning. Ac- creditation standards have also placed added emphasis on outcome-based learning and encouraged more mindfulness concerning instructional design (Lee et. al., 1995; McGourty et. al., 1999). As a consequence, more emphasis on experiential learning has emerged in recent years. Architecture has long been used as a reference discipline for Information Systems and much of the language used in information systems design is drawn from architectural discourse. However, while architectural design combines attention to history and form as well as function, most information systems design is driven by functional considerations. Teaching New Media design, like architecture, demands at- tention to the conceptual and aesthetic as well as the functional design perspectives and presents particular challenges. The Design Charrette, a short but intense effort to solve an architectural problem is an outcome focused form of action learning that has enormous potential to enrich the teaching of New Media design, in particular, and information systems in general.

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