hh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Disaster Tourists, Smartphone Bystanders, Mediated Witnesses or Citizen Journalists? Bystander Theories and Mobile Media Practices at Accident Sites
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). (Delaktighet i ett föränderligt välfärdssamhälle)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4697-5394
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). (Delaktighet i ett föränderligt välfärdssamhälle)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8712-7159
2016 (English)In: ECREA 2016 Abstact Book: Mediating (Dis)Continuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures., Prague: Czech-In , 2016, 176-176 p.Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the phenomenon of bystanders who use their smartphones to film or take photographs at accident scenes, instead of offering their help to people in need or to assist medical units. This phenomenon has been extensively discussed in Swedish news media in recent years, since it has been described as a growing problem for rescue workers, like paramedics, police and fire fighters.

Some of the early literature in social psychology explained bystander inaction by indifference, but in the late 1960’s, the American researchers Darley and Latane showed that bystander inaction could be explained as an effect of the size of the bystander crowd. With an increase of the number of the bystanders, the chances of their involvement to help decreased.

The past decade has seen an growing scholarly interest in “media witnessing”, both in terms of witnessing from a distance through mass media, as discussed by Peters, and “citizen camera-witnessing”, a term popularised by the works of Allan and Andrén-Papadopoulos. This literature recognizes the complexity of concepts such as active/passive and proximity/distance when it comes to media witnessing in the digital era.

Drawn from previous research and theories, the aim of this paper is to discuss how bystander theory can be further developed to include the action of mobile media practices at scenes like accidents. From this perspective, the paper also draws attention to what could be a part of a mediated cultural trauma found in contemporary society and thereby connects to the theme of the conference.

The paper identifies four categories in the literature that are relevant for further research into the phenomenon and to be connected to the framework of bystander theories. These categories are: “disaster tourism”, “citizen (photo) journalism”, “media witnessing”, and “digital media ethics”.

The paper ends with a discussion about possible theoretical approaches to further empirical studies on contemporary bystander phenomena.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prague: Czech-In , 2016. 176-176 p.
Keyword [en]
bystanders, citizen journalism, media witnessing
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31997ISBN: 978-80-906655-0-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31997DiVA: diva2:970465
Conference
6th European Communication Conference (ECC:)Mediating (Dis)Continuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures, Prague, Czech Republic, 9-12 November, 2016
Projects
Vardagshjältar och vardagsjournalister: På kollisionskurs mellan olika intressen på olycksplatser
Note

Abstract no: PP 425

Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2016-12-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Abstract Book

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Andersson, LinusSundin, Ebba
By organisation
Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI)
Media and Communications

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 148 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf