Born Global or Local? Factors influencing the Internationalization of University Spin-Offs - The Case of Halmstad University
2016 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, no 3, 296-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A wealth of research in the past decades has examined born globals or international new ventures, which are firms that from inception view the whole world as a market and as a source to access resources. Many of these firms build their competitive advantage on high-tech knowledge. However, although many studies have shown how born globals can achieve success if they access resources through their relationships from actors in their networks, few studies have explored the relationship between born globals and universities. Universities are important actors in creating new technology knowledge, and many studies have shown how new firms, or so-called university spin-offs (USOs), are formed around universities. The current study explores why some USOs are successful in their international growth strategy and discusses the factors that influence and facilitate the internationalization process. The study investigates 10 USOs around the newly established Halmstad University in Sweden and finds that universities have a positive effect on firm creation and initial international growth. The regional competence base increases from the establishment of a local university, primarily by strengthening the regional human capital and by increasing university research. This study shows that researcher entrepreneurs’ ventures start as born globals, but that these firms do not continue to grow. Born global business models, per se, do not lead to competitive advantage and successful internationalization. Instead, a strategy built on customer focus and an ability to adapt to different customer demands lead to growth, and the location of growth is dependent on the size of the home market. This study also shows that student entrepreneurship can be a successful growth strategy for USOs focusing on both international and local markets. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016. Vol. 14, no 3, 296-322 p.
International entrepreneurship, Academic entrepreneurship, Born globals, University spin-offs, Student entrepreneurs, International new ventures
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31974DOI: 10.1007/s10843-016-0182-zScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978066766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31974DiVA: diva2:967957