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The validity of socioeconomic status measures among adolescents based on self-reported information about parents occupations, FAS and perceived SES; implication for health related quality of life studies
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4438-6673
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3576-2393
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4773-1447
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
2016 (English)In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, ISSN 1471-2288, E-ISSN 1471-2288, Vol. 16, 48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Research has shown inconsistencies in results and difficulties in conceptualization of assessment of socioeconomic status (SES) among adolescents. The aim of this study was thus to test the validity of self-reported information on SES in two age-groups (11–13 and 14–16 years old) in an adolescent population and to evaluate its relationship to self-reported health related quality of life (HRQOL). Different measures of SES commonly used in research in relation to HRQOL were tested in this study; parent’s occupations status, family material affluence status (FAS) and perceived SES.

Method

A cross-sectional study, with a sample of 948 respondents (n = 467, 11–13 years old and n  = 481, 14–16 years old) completed questionnaires about SES and HRQOL. The adolescents’ completion rates were used, with chi2-test, to investigate differences between gender and age-group. Correlation was used for convergent validity and ANOVA for concurrent validity.

Results

We found a low completion rate for both fathers’ (41.7 %) and mothers' (37.5 %) occupation status, and a difference in completion rate between gender and age-groups. FAS had the highest completion rate (100 %) compared to parent's occupations status and perceived SES. The convergent validity between the SES-indicators was weak (Spearman correlation coefficient below 0.3), suggesting that the indicators measured different dimensions of SES. Both FAS and perceived SES showed a gradient in mean HRQOL between low and high SES in relation to HRQOL, this was significant only for perceived SES (p < 0.01, both age-groups).

Conclusion

This study indicates the need for considering different approaches to measures of SES among adolescences and when evaluating SES in relation to HRQOL. Further research is needed to investigate sustainable ways to measure SES, delineating the relevance of tangible measures of education, occupation and income in relation to the perceived socioeconomic status in comparison with others in immediate social networks and in society at large.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2016. Vol. 16, 48
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, Completion rate, Concurrent validity, Convergent validity health related Quality of Life (HRQOL), Measurement, Socioeconomic status
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31793DOI: 10.1186/s12874-016-0148-9ISI: 000375100000001PubMedID: 27130331ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84964645579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31793DiVA: diva2:953408
Note

Funding: municipality of Halmstad, Länsförsäkringar Halland, Ljungbergska foundation and Region Halland

Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-17 Last updated: 2017-02-14Bibliographically approved

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Svedberg, PetraNygren, JensStaland Nyman, CarinNyholm, Maria
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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Output format
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