Viewing exercise goal content through a person-oriented lens: A self-determination perspective
2016 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, no 27, 85-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present study examined profiles of exercise goal content and the associations with need satisfaction, motivation regulation and exercise behavior, combining variable-centered and person-centered analytical approaches. The participants were 1084 (279 men and 805 women) Swedish adults, aged between 18 and 78 years, that were all active members of an Internet-based exercise program. Latent profile analysis (LPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to analyze the data. In SEM analysis intrinsic goals were related to need satisfaction and autonomous motivation, whereas extrinsic goals were most strongly associated with controlled motivation. LPA revealed five unique latent classes of goal content. These five classes differed in need satisfaction, motivation regulation and exercise behavior, with classes being characterized by more intrinsic goal profiles reporting higher need satisfaction and autonomous motivation. The results are discussed from a self-determination theory perspective and the benefits of using both variable and person-centered analytical approaches are highlighted. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2016. no 27, 85-92 p.
goal content, exercise, latent profiles, need satisfaction, self-determination
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31740DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.06.011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31740DiVA: diva2:952005
This study was financially supported by the Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (CIF) (Grant number: P2015-0050).2016-08-112016-08-112016-08-15Bibliographically approved