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Clownen i barnens tjänst: Att avleda smärta, oro och rädsla
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The clown in children´s service : To distract pain, anxiety and fear (English)
Abstract [sv]

Barn som undersöks, vårdas eller behandlas, genomgår olika procedurer och kan då uppleva smärta, oro och rädsla. För att minska och avleda dessa för barnet obehagliga upplevelser finns det olika distraktionsmetoder som kan användas. Clownintervention är en av dessa metoder. Syftet med studien var att beskriva clowninterventionens effekt på barns smärta, oro och rädsla. Metoden som användes var litteraturstudie. De artiklar som analyserats var huvudsakligen med kvantitativ metod men en hade mixad metod. Alla artiklar var publicerade de senaste fem åren. Resultatet visar framför allt att clownintervention hade effekt på barns oro och rädsla. Det utvärderades genom självskattning av de barn som var kapabla att använda mätinstrumenten och genom observationer av de barn som inte klarade av självskattning. Det gick dock inte lika tydligt att påvisa effekt på smärta med hjälp av clownintervention då endast tre studier visat på dess effekt. Detta kan bero på att materialet var litet. Konklusionen är att det är viktigt att för sjuksköterskor medvetandegöra clowninterventionens effekt hos barn och implementera denna distraktionsmetod i klinisk verksamhet. Dessutom skulle det vara av värde om det genomfördes mer forskning i större grupper för att se effekten av clowners medverkan för att reducera barns smärtupplevelse.

Abstract [en]

Children who undergoes examinations, care or treatment goes through different procedures that may give them experience of pain, anxiety and fear. There are different methods of distraction to decrease and distract those unpleasent experiences. Clownintervention is one of those methods. The aim of this study is to describe the effect of clownintervention on childrens pain, anxiety and fear. The method used is litterature study. The articles analysed was mainly quantitative method however one was with a mixed method. All articles were published the latest five years. The main result showed that clownintervention had effect on childrens anxiety and fear. It was evaluated through self- report assessment in the children who were able to use this and through observation of those children who were not able to use self- report assessment. It did not, however, equally clearly demonstrate effect on pain using clownintervention when only three studies demonstrated positive effect. It may be that the material was small. The conclusion is that nurses need to be aware of the importence about the effect of clownintervention and to implement this method of distraction in to clinical work. Furthermore it would be of great importance if more research could be done in larger populations to examine the effect of clowns assistance to reduce childrens experience of pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
child, clownintervention, distraction, procedure, teamwork
Keyword [sv]
clownintervention, barn, distraktion, procedur, teamarbete
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31036OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31036DiVA: diva2:933093
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2016-05-25, R4043, Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 11:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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