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The pendulum time of life: the experience of time, when living with severe incurable disease—a phenomenological and philosophical study
Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Bergen, Norway & University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Bergen, Norway & Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0017-5188
University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
Haraldsplass Deaconess Hospital, Bergen, Norway & University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
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2015 (English)In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, no 2, 203-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the experience of time when living with severe incurable disease. A phenomenological and philosophical approach of description and deciphering were used. In our modern health care system there is an on-going focus on utilizing and recording the use of time, but less focus on the patient’s experience of time, which highlights the need to explore the patients’ experiences, particularly when life is vulnerable and time is limited. The empirical data consisted of 26 open-ended interviews with 23 participants receiving palliative care at home, in hospital or in a nursing home in Norway. The theoretical frameworks used are mainly based upon K. Martinsens philosophy of care, K. E. Løgstrup phenomenological philosophy, in addition to C. Saunders’ hospice philosophy, L. Feigenberg’s thanatology and U. Qvarnström’s research exploring patient’s reactions to impending death. Experience of time is described as being a movement that moves the individual towards death in the field of opposites, and deciphered to be a universal, but a typical and unique experience emerging through three integrated levels: Sense of time; where time is described as a movement that is proceeding at varying speeds. Relate totime; where the awareness of limited life changes the understanding of time to be more existential. Being in time; where limited time seems to clarify the basic living conditions and phenomena of life. The existence of life when the prospect of death is present is characterized by emotional swings that move within polarizing dimensions which is reflected in the experience of time illustrated as the moves of the pendulum in a grandfather clock. The diversity of the experience of time is oscillating between going fast or slow, being busy or calm, being unpredictable but predictable, safe or unsafe and between being good or bad, depending on the embodied situation of the individual. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015. Vol. 18, no 2, 203-215 p.
Keyword [en]
Experience of time, End of life, Palliative care, Phenomenology, Philosophy, Phenomena of life, Polarizing dimensions
National Category
Nursing Philosophy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30439DOI: 10.1007/s11019-014-9590-9ISI: 000352221800006PubMedID: 25205069Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84926307835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30439DiVA: diva2:920902
Note

The research is funded by Haraldsplass Deaconess University College.

Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2016-04-19Bibliographically approved

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