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Sjuksköterskors attityder till smärtbehandling av patienter med opioidmissbruk
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses' attitudes to pain treatment of patients with opioid addiction (English)
Abstract [sv]

Patienter med ett opioidmissbruk kan upplevas ha ett socialt avvikande beteendemönster som kan leda till en social stigmatisering. Att inom sjukvården se patienter som socialt avvikande kan leda till att de får en sämre vård och behandling än vad de har rätt till. Smärta är en subjektiv upplevelse, där patienten har en individuell uppfattning om sin smärta och kan därför inte jämföras med någon annans smärtupplevelse. Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskors attityder till smärtbehandling av patienter med opioidmissbruk. En systematisk litteraturstudie genomfördes bestående av 11 vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet mynnade ut i tre kategorier: Attityder gentemot patienter med opioidmissbruk, Attityder till den subjektiva smärtan och Attityder i samband med erfarenhet och bristande kunskap. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor har negativa attityder till patienter med opioidmissbruk. Trots att sjuksköterskorna var medvetna om att patienter med ett tidigare eller pågående opioidmissbruk, som upplevde smärta, behöver en högre dos av smärtlindring än patienter utan missbruksproblem, så upplevdes de ändå som de att ljög för att få en ökad dos opioider. Studien lyfte fram en bristande kunskap hos sjuksköterskor angående missbruk och beroende, vilket kunde leda till ett dömande av patienter med opioidmissbruk. Till vidare studier behövs det ytterligare forskning om hur patienter med opioidmissbruk upplever sjuksköterskornas attityder i det vårdande mötet. 

Abstract [en]

Patients with an opioid addiction may be perceived to have a socially deviant behavior which may lead to social stigmatization. To see patients as socially deviant in healthcare can lead to that they receive worse care and treatment than what they are entitled to. Pain is a subjective experience, where the patient has an individual perception of his pain and can not be compared with another's experience of pain. The purpose of the study was to examine nurses' attitudes to pain treatment of patients with opioid addiction. A systematic literature review was conducted consisting of 11 scientific articles. The results culminated in three categories: Attitudes towards patients with opioid addiction, Attitudes to the subjective pain and attitudes associated with experience and lack of knowledge. The results showed that nurses have negative attitudes towards patients with opioid addiction. The nurses were aware that patients with a previous or current opioid addiction experienced pain needed a higher dose of pain medication, they were perceived nonetheless as they lied to get an increased dose of opioids. The study highlighted a lack of knowledge of nurses regarding addiction and dependence, which could lead to a judgment of patients with opioid addiction. For further studies there is a need to study how patients with opioid addiction experienced nurses' attitudes in the caring encounter. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes, Nursing, Opioid addiction, Pain treatment
Keyword [sv]
Attityder, Opioidberoende, Sjuksköterska, Smärtbehandling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30056DiVA: diva2:885122
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-29 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2016-03-07Bibliographically approved

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