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Skolsköterskors uppfattningar av att kommunicera hälsa med elever i årskurs fyra
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurse´s perceptions of communicating health with pupils in the fourth grade (English)
Abstract [sv]

En god hälsa i barndomen ger förutsättningar för en god hälsa som vuxen. Skolans organisation och miljö skapar unika möjligheter till hälsofrämjande arbete riktat mot barn. Skolsköterskan spelar en viktig roll genom de hälsobesök som genomförs regelbundet under skolgången. Möten med elever i olika åldrar ställer därför krav på skolsköterskans förmåga att kommunicera och förmedla hälsobudskap. Som teoretisk ram för studien används Health Promotion Model. Syftet med studien var att beskriva skolsköterskors uppfattningar av att kommunicera hälsa med elever i årskurs fyra. Studien genomfördes som en kvalitativ studie med induktiv ansats. Sex skolsköterskor intervjuades och materialet analyserades med en fenomenografisk metod. Studiens resultat beskriver skolsköterskornas uppfattningar av hälsokommunikation med elever i årskurs fyra som en komplex uppgift. Tre beskrivningskategorier framträdde: Relationen har betydelse för hälsokommunikationen, Skolsköterskan har en stödjande roll i att hjälpa eleven att kommunicera sin hälsa samt Skolsköterskans kompetens har betydelse för en god hälsokommunikation. Kategorierna binds samman av ordet förtroende. Studiens resultat kan användas inom skolsköterskans yrkeskår för att skapa en bredare förståelse för hälsokommunikationen med elever i årskurs fyra. Behov av vidare forskning ses kring elevens uppfattningar av hälsokommunikationen samt kring de hinder som sjuksköterskorna beskriver. Forskning för att utveckla trepartskommunikationen mellan barn-skolsköterska-förälder är också av vikt. 

Abstract [en]

Healthiness in childhood gives conditions for a healthy life as an adult. The schools organisation and environment creates unique possibilities for health promotional work aimed at children. The school nurse plays an important role through the regular health visits performed during the school years. To meet children of different ages raises demands on the school nurses ability to communicate and mediate health messages. Health Promotion Model is used as a theoretical frame for the study. The aim of the study was to describe school nurses perceptions of communicating health with pupils in the fourth grade. The study was carried out as a qualitative study with an inductive approach. Six interviews with school nurses were held and the material was analysed with a phenomenografic method. The result of the study describes the school nurses perceptions of health communication with pupils in the fourth grade as a complex task. Three descriptive categories emerged; The relations has significance for health communication, The school nurse has a supporting role in helping the pupil to communicate its own health and The competence of the school nurse has significance for a good health communication. The categories are bound together by the word trust. The result of the study can be used within the school nurses own profession to create a wider understanding of health communication with pupils in the fourth grade. There is a need for further research regarding the pupils perceptions of health communication and also regarding the obstacles that the nurses describes. Research to develop three part communication between child-school nurse-parent is also of importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Communication, health promotion, pupil, relation, school nurse
Keyword [sv]
Elev, hälsofrämjande, kommunikation, relation, skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28679DiVA: diva2:824175
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-07-03 Created: 2015-06-20 Last updated: 2015-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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