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Konsten att svälja rätt: Omvårdnadsåtgärder för att förebygga aspirationspneumoni vid dysfagi
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The art of correct swallowing : Preventing aspirationpneumonia in case of dysphagia with nursing interventions (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vid dysfagi är pneumoni en vanlig komplikation som ger ökade kostnader för vården, ett ökat lidande för patienter samt leder till fler dödsfall. Omvårdnadsåtgärder som minskar risken för pneumoni är därför av betydelse att identifiera. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att i vetenskapliga artiklar identifiera omvårdnadsåtgärder sjuksköterskan kan tillämpa som minskar risken för pneumoni vid dysfagi. I tio vetenskapliga artiklar utlästes sex kategorier via databearbetning. I resultatet identifierades att vinkeln på ryggen i sittande läge var viktigt att ta hänsyn till, användningen av vätskor med låg viskositet hade en förebyggande effekt och en intervention där hakan fälldes ner mot bröstet vid sväljning skyddade mot aspiration. Ytterligare forskning kan vara av intresse gällande omvårdnadsåtgärder vid pneumoni och den forskning som förekommer vid pneumoni i akutvården kan eventuellt ha effekt även på andra former av pneumoni. I NANDA hade en omvårdnadsdiagnos för risk för pneumoni varit till fördel för sjuksköterskeprofessionen då det hade underlättat införandet av omvårdnadsåtgärder.

Abstract [en]

Pneumonia is a common complication in correlation with dysphagia, it leads to increased healthcare costs, an increase in deaths and suffering for the patient. It is significant to identify nursing interventions that decrease the risk of pneumonia. The aim of this literature review was to identify nursing interventions in research articles which a nurse can implement to decrease the risk of pneumonia in correlation with dysphagia. Ten articles where reviewed and six categories were identified. It was found in the results that at an sitting position the angle of the back was important, using liquids with a low viscosity had a preventing effect and an intervention where the neck was flexed forward and the chin was placed to the chest gave protection against aspiration. It can be interesting to do further research about nursing interventions in correlation with pneumonia and the available research about pneumonia in an emergency care setting might also be useful in other forms of pneumonia. To facilitate the introduction of nursing interventions against pneumonia a nursing diagnosis for the risk for pneumonia in NANDA would be useful for the nursing profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Caring, Dysphagia, Nurse, Nursing interventions, Pneumonia
Keyword [sv]
Dysfagi, Omvårdnad, Omvårdnadsåtgärder, Pneumoni, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28304DiVA: diva2:813155
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-05-21 Last updated: 2015-06-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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