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Motiverande samtal, en hjälp på vägen: Kan motiverande samtal stödja personer med narkotikamissbruk?
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivational interviewing, a help on the way- Canmotivational interviewing support people with substanceabuse? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Narkotikamissbruk är ett folkhälsoproblem i Sverige. Allt fler personer med denna problematik söker hjälp och stöd med hjälp frånsjukvården. Motiverande samtal(MI)ären samtalsmodell som sjuksköterskoranvändersomettverktygför att ge stöd till personer mednarkotikamissbruk, dettaför atthjälpa dem att finna motivation till attreducera sittmissbruk. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa om motiverande samtal kan stödja personer med narkotikamissbruk. Litteraturstudien genomfördes med hjälp av 14 artiklar som bearbetadesoch sammanställdesför att få fram ett resultat. I resultatet presenterades två teman: Effekter av motiverande samtal samt Upplevelser av motiverande samtal. I resultatet visadesdetatt motiverande samtal hadeen reducerande effekt då det gälldenarkotikamissbruk, främst personer medcannabismissbrukhade en högre behållning av motiverande samtal. Det visades även att personer med narkotikamissbruk hade positiva upplevelser av motiverande samtal,såsom att få lärdom om att hantera sin livsvärld samt att deupplevde stödatt fortsätta sin förändringsprocess framåt. Det uppkomävennegativa upplevelserfrånmotiverande samtal hos personer med narkotikamissbruk, då de delvis kändebrist på samtalstidsamt en känsla av iakttagelsefrån personalenunder samtalen. Fortsatt forskning om ämnet behöver belysas,särskilt då det gäller tyngre narkotikamissbruk, detta för att nuvarande forskning främst fokuserar på cannabismissbruk

Abstract [en]

Substance abuse is a public health problem in Sweden. More people with this problematic is seeking for help and support from the swedish healthcare. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a model which can be used by the healthcare, especially by nurses to support people with substance abuse and help them to find motivation to reduce their use of drugs. The aim of this study was to illuminate if motivational interviewing can support people with substance abuse. The litterature study was made by 14 articles which was processed and compiled to get an result. In the result, two themes emerged: Effects of motivational interviewing together with Experiences of motivational interviewing. The result showed that MI had an reducing effect on substance abuse, especially when it comes to cannabis abuse. The people who abused cannabis had a higher profit from motivational intrviewing, than people who took harder drugs. It was also shown that people with substance abuse had positive experinces by MI, like they felt that they got knowledge to manage their life-world and also that they felt that they had enough support to continue their journey of change. People with substance abuse also experienced motivational interviewing as negative, such as lack of time in the MI sessions and a sense of observation from the staff during the sessions. Continued research about this topic needs to illuminate, especially when it comes to heavy drugabuse, this beacuse current researches mainly focus on cannabisabuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 13 p.
Keyword [sv]
Motiverande samtal, Narkotikamissbruk, Sjuksköterskor, Stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28291OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28291DiVA: diva2:812490
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-22 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2015-05-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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