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Evaluation of the effects of psychological prevention interventions on sport injuries: A meta-analysis
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2102-6352
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
2015 (English)In: Science & sports, ISSN 0765-1597, E-ISSN 1778-4131, Vol. 30, no 6, 305-313 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The purpose was to conduct a systematic review of published articles aiming to prevent sports injuries based on psychological interventions and to perform a meta-analysis of the effects in such interventions.

News

Different kinds of sport injury prevention strategies have been accomplished such as neuromuscular and warm-up programs. More recently, psychological intervention studies have been completed with the purpose of preventing sports injuries. The most evident predictor is stress. Consequently, most psychological injury prevention interventions incorporate stress management and other psychological skills training.

Prospect and projects

The electronic databases and suitable sport psychology journals were searched for published studies. Out of 560 screened articles, 15 were potentially eligible articles. Seven of these articles, with substantial information in the papers or the authors were able to provide us with data after request, were finally included.

Conclusion

The result, using a random effect model, showed a total Hedges’ g effect size of 0.82 (< .001), 95% CI (0.55–1.11). The result indicates that psychological injury prevention interventions have a large effect on reducing the number of injuries in sport population. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Abstract [fr]

Objectif

Le but de notre recherche est de mener une revue systématique d’articles publiés ayant pour thématique la prévention des blessures sportives avec des interventions psychologiques et de conduire une méta-analyse des effets de ces interventions.

Informations

Différentes stratégies de prévention des blessures sportives ont été développées telles que des programmes neuromusculaires et des programmes d’échauffement. Plus récemment des études sur les interventions psychologiques ont été menées dans le but de prévenir les blessures sportives. Le prédicteur le plus évident est le stress. En conséquence, la plupart des interventions intègrent les stratégies de management du stress et l’entraînement d’autres habiletés psychologiques.

Perspectives et projets

Des bases de données électroniques et des revues spécialisées en psychologie du sport ont été consultées afin de recenser les études publiées. Parmi les 560 articles consultés, 15 études ont été potentiellement éligibles et 7 articles contenant suffisamment d’informations ou complétés par des données fournies par les auteurs ont été inclus.

Conclusion

Les résultats, en utilisant un modèle à effets aléatoires, montrent l’importance de l’effet Hedges de 0,82 (p < 0,001), IC à 95 % (0,55–1,11). Les résultats montrent que la prévention des blessures au niveau psychologique à un effet important dans la réduction des blessures sportives dans la population. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Issy les Moulineaux: Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 30, no 6, 305-313 p.
Keyword [en]
Athletic injuries, Behavior, Education, Intervention studies
Keyword [fr]
Blessures sportives, Comportement, Formation, Études d’interventions
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28079DOI: 10.1016/j.scispo.2015.04.009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84942046657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-28079DiVA: diva2:801786
Available from: 2015-04-10 Created: 2015-04-10 Last updated: 2015-11-23Bibliographically approved

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