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Sjuksköterskors omvårdnad av patienter med smärta
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ actions in caring of patients with pain (English)
Abstract [sv]

Smärta är det vanligaste symtomet för vilket människor söker vård. Trots ökad kunskap inom smärthantering fortsätter underbehandlad smärta vara ett problem. Att utstå smärta är en obehaglig upplevelse och sjuksköterskor har en betydande roll i smärtbehandlingen och ska lindra patienters lidande. Ibland kan sjuksköterskors stävan efter egen empowerment påverka deras omvårdnad av patienter med smärta negativt. Syfte: Att undersöka sjuksköterskors omvårdnad av patienter med smärta. Metod: Litteraturstudie med en deduktiv riktad innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor i grunden hade en yrkesstolthet och en vilja att förmedla god omvårdnad till patienter med smärta och att deras handlande oftast utgick från detta. Ibland styrdes dock deras handlande av deras egna behov av att kuva sina egna känslor vilket kunde resultera i att patienterna fick sämre omvårdnad; de kunde rentav misstros eller bli ignorerade. Både sjuksköterskor och patienter upplever välbefinnande genom empowerment och smärtbehandlingen påverkas således positivt. Vården bör därför organiseras så att sjuksköterskor ges utökad möjlighet att utföra omvårdnad utifrån personcentrerad vård. Forskning rekommenderas angående bakomliggande orsaker till varför sjuksköterskor undervärderar patienters smärtupplevelse och hur sjuksköterskors uppfattning av sitt egna inflytande i smärtbehandlingen kan stärkas så att patienter inte blir lidande. 

Abstract [en]

Pain is the most common symptom for which people seek care. Despite increased knowledge of pain management, untreated pain persists to be a problem. Enduring pain is an unpleasant experience and nurses have an important role to relieve patients’ suffering. It seems that at times nurses strive to receive empowerment can affect their caring of patients with pain negatively. Aim: to investigate nurses caring for patiens with pain. Method: Literature study with a deductive directed content analysis. The result showed that nurses have a pride in their work and a will to perform good nursing for patients with pain and their actions were usually directed by that. Sometimes, however, nurses’ actions were ruled by coping strategies and their own needs to suppress their own emotions which could result in patients receiving poorer care. The investigation showed that patients could even be mistrusted and ignored by nurses. Both nurses and patients experiences health through empowerment and the pain treatment thus get positively affected. The care should therefore be organized so that nurses are given greater opportunity to perform nursing based on person-centered care. Research is recommended regarding the underlying reasons why nurses underestimates patients 'pain perception and how nurses' own influence in pain treatment can be strengthened so that patients do not suffer 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Actions, Empowerment, Nurse, Nursing, Pain.
Keyword [sv]
Empowerment, Handlande, Omvårdnad, Sjuksköterska, Smärta.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27756DiVA: diva2:787467
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
R4147, Box 823, 301 18, Halmstad (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-02-11 Created: 2015-02-10 Last updated: 2015-02-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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