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Migrän: En osynlig sjukdom: En litteraturstudie om icke-farmakologiska metoder vid migränanfall hos vuxna
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Migraine: an invisible disorder : A literature study on non-pharmacological methods in adult patients with migraine (English)
Abstract [sv]

Migrän är en återkommande, anfallsvis huvudvärk som räknas till en av de 20 mest handikappande sjukdomarna i världen. Det är sjuksköterskans ansvar att främja hälsan hos patienter med migrän genom att upplysa om sjukdomen och informera om vilka icke-farmakologiska metoder som kan verka mot migrän. Syftet med studien var att beskriva icke-farmakologiska metoder vid migränanfall hos vuxna. Litteraturstudiens resultat baserades på 13 vetenskapliga artiklar som genererade tre olika teman: akupunktur, kunskap kring utlösande faktorer samt livsstilsförändringar. Resultatet visade att akupunktur, kunskap och utbildning kring utlösande faktorer samt livsstilsförändringar är bra behandlingsalternativ i det hälsofrämjande arbetet vid migrän, då metoderna visade på signifikant minskning av migränanfall. För att bevisa om metoderna är tillförlitliga behövs ytterligare forskning angående icke-farmakologiska metoder vid migrän. Utformning av riktlinjer gällande migrän och adekvata behandlingsmetoder ute i vårdverksamheten vore betydelsefullt. Utökad utbildning om migrän i sjuksköterskeutbildningarna är av stor vikt.

Abstract [en]

Migraine is a recurrent headache that occurs in periods of sudden attacks and is regarded as one of the 20 most disabling disorders in the world. It is the responsibility of the nurse to promote the health of patients with migraine by educating about migraine and by providing vital information about non-pharmacological methods that has beneficial effects on migraine. The aim of this literature study was to describe non-pharmacological methods on adult migraine patients. The result of this literature study was based on 13 scientific articles that generated three themes: acupuncture, knowledge about trigger factors and lifestyle changes. The result showed that acupuncture, knowledge about migraine triggers and lifestyle changes are favourable alternative treatments in migraine health promotion as they demonstrated significant reduction of migraine attacks. To attest its validity further research regarding the use of non-pharmacological methods on migraine is necessary. Specific guidelines regarding migraine and adequate available treatment methods in healthcare settings would be of great importance. We encourage additional education on migraine and nonpharmacological, preventive methods to be integrated in nursing schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Health promotion, migraine, non-pharmacological methods, prevention
Keyword [sv]
Hälsofrämjande omvårdnad, icke-farmakologiska metoder, migrän, prevention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27304DiVA: diva2:772941
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-19 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2014-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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